Badr Mabrouk

Prof. - Head of water Risk Cen
Zagazig University · Department of HydroGeology


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    ABSTRACT: The presented project initiative CLIMB (‘Climate Induced Changes on the Hydrology of Mediterranean Basins – Reducing Uncertainty and Quantifying Risk’) has recently signed a Grant Agreement in EC’s 7th Framework Program (FP7-ENV.2009. In its 4-year design, starting from January 2010, the collaborative project for specific cooperation actions (SICA) dedicated to international partner countries shall analyze ongoing and future climate-induced changes in hydrological budgets and extremes across the Mediterranean and neighboring regions.This is undertaken in study sites located in Sardinia, Northern Italy, Southern France, Tunisia, Turkey, Egypt and the Palestinian-administered area Gaza. The work plan is targeted to selected river or aquifer catchments, where theconsortium will employ a combination of novel field monitoring and remote sensing concepts, data assimilation, integrated hydrologic modeling and socioeconomic factor analyses to reduce existing uncertainties in climate change impact analysis. Advanced climate scenario analysis will be employed and available ensembles of regional climate model simulations will be downscaled. This process will provide the drivers for an ensemble of hydro(-geo)logical models with different degrees of complexity in terms of process description and level of integration. The results of hydrological modeling and socio-economic factor analysis will enable the development of a GIS-based Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Tool. This tool will serve as a platform for the dissemination of project results, including communication with and planning for local and regional stakeholders. An important output of the research in the individual study sites will be the development of a set of recommendations for an improved monitoring and modeling strategy for climate change impact assessment. CLIMB is forming a cluster of independent projects with WASSERMed from the Environment and CLICO from Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities Call of FP7 in 2009 (see Fig. 2). The intention of this clustering is to foster scientific synergy and cooperation between the partner projects to achieve improvements in policy outreach on different spatial scales.
    Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 01/2010; 19(10):2379. · 0.64 Impact Factor
  • Samir El-Sadek, Badr Mabrouk
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    ABSTRACT: Several areas along the Egyptian coasts of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba have been identified as priority zones for tourism development, as they possess exceptionally beautiful beaches, coral reefs and marine life. These zones however, suffer deficiencies in infrastructure, particularly the lack of adequate quantities of potable water. Therefore, water desalination plays a major role in infrastructure planning.The Red Sea coastal aquifer extends into Sinai and comprises two main components. The Quaternary Aquifer has developed at the deltaic areas of the main Wadis which cross the coastal plains. The water exists under phreatic conditions nearly at sea level, and its salinity is about 700–2000 ppm. The Tertiary Aquifer has developed at great depths, and its salinity reaches up to 20,000 ppm.The available quantity of ground water, however, is not adequate to supply the promising touristic areas. Sea water desalination, with salinity up to 47,000 ppm, cannot be avoided at least as a temporary solution. Choosing from available technology options should be based not only on comparisons of benefits and costs, but also on due consideration of the environmental impact of the chosen technology on the highly sensitive and fragile ecological system of the area. Viability would also naturally be based on studying the cost of producing water including consideration of required energy, capital investment, chemical consumption, operation, maintenance and labour.This paper will present an overview of available technology options relative to the needs and conditions of the areas under consideration, and detailed analyses of their suitability. Analysis of various factors peculiar to these areas have lead to the conclusion that thermal systems are viable to produce quantities up to 10,000 cubic meters of potable water per day. For smaller quantities of up to 500 cubic meters per day, the Reverse Osmosis system is the viable alternative. In all cases, environmental considerations must be strictly observed.
    Desalination. 01/1992;

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