Question

Why obesity has became a greatest problem mainly for women ?

In an article it has been said that 12.7% of the females are affected by obesity . Because of obesity self esteem ha been decreased . Because of obesity the confident will be decreased because of an obesity how a women can became weaker in their confidence level is it acceptable .

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  • Hameed Riyasudheen · Real physiotherapy clinic, Tirur,Kerala,India
    Obesity is the biprodect of lifestyle. Dr.Hameed Riyasudheen.K.V[PT]
  • Yves Van Assche · TotalEnergeticWellness
    When I asked people to drink up to one and a half gallon of ionized alkaline water a day, and this for six months i could only find a 0,1% increase in total body water ????? So there is a major problem with the water that is available...
    Took me three more years to find the cause and solution for it.
    So lifestyle can be minor part in this chronic dehydration...and not being solved by drinking water.
    We are now able to rehydrate people up to 30% body fat mass in 20 days
    up to 40% body fat mass in 40 days
    up to 50% body fat mass in 60 days
    up to 60% body fat mass in 80 days

    As long as hydration level remains normal ... body weight and body fat mass stay totally normal
    yves
  • Yves Van Assche · TotalEnergeticWellness
    Dr Hameed Riyasudheen we open our first center for weight control in Bangalore .... scheduled end may beginning june
  • Mythili Jagannath · Bangalore University
    May be a type of lifestyle disorder ,one reason may be lack of physical activity and nature of job in urban areas
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    http://www.drlenkravitz.com/Media/WeightWEB3.pdf
    you can go through this link
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    Weight gain in women is different from men. This is based on hormones, metabolism and genetic make up.the type of food you eat is again dependent on your willingness to maintain a good figure.one hand they eat pizzas, chocolates, sweets, and believe me they love to eat. Look at the present gen females. A lot of them are found hanging out in macdonalds, and dominos or pizza huts. Zero size is what they love, but at the cost of extreme dieting. Let women come forward for a full discussion rather than argument
  • Mythili Jagannath · Bangalore University
    True want to know from your clinic if it is possible to find how many have menstrual irregularity
  • sudah yehuda kovesh shaheb · University of Havana
    There is an indirect connection between menstrual irregularity, high insulin level, polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    There is a link to polycystic ovary and the diet you eat. Find out more, hormones particularly thyroid are affected.
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    Obesity in women.
    Azarbad L, Gonder-Frederick L.
    Source

    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, 1653 West Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
    Abstract

    Obesity carries a unique disease burden on women and is influenced by a variety of biological, hormonal, environmental, and cultural factors. Reproductive transitions, such as pregnancy and menopause, increase the risk for obesity. Psychologically, obese women experience greater weight-related stigma and discrimination and are at increased risk for depression than obese men. Women are also particularly susceptible to psychological stress, sleep debt, and lack of physical activity, all of which are risk factors for the development of excess weight. Obesity risk is increased among women with psychiatric disorders and those who use certain psychotropic medications. Obesity treatment should take into consideration degree of obesity, health risks, past weight loss attempts, and individual differences in motivation and readiness for treatment.

    Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    this article will giv you some insight
  • Ana María Sánchez Peralta · University of Granada
    Depression is bigger in women, inwillingness -> fatige -> sedentary, food reward, no muscle use, fatige... It is a vicius circle worse in women.
  • Mythili Jagannath · Bangalore University
    Any way specific way to identify depression in adolescent individuals
  • Philippe Fanelli Ferraiol · Universidade Estadual de Londrina
    So, what we health professionals or anyone can do to reverse this situation? Where the interventions should be made? We must perform surgery to reduce stomach or improve the practice of physical activity? We carry out policies of diet or hormonal control with use of drugs? I believe, as a physical educator, the answers are in routine operation since the early ages, in schools and communities. That would be a long term intervention but also immediate interventions should be made.
  • sudah yehuda kovesh shaheb · University of Havana
    I am currently involved in a project to reduce obesity and other physical measurements in children at schools in an underserved, isolated region. Prevention of obesity must begin early enough, as the other poster had suggested, and we find that Kindergarten children are amenable to health messages. Poverty, Lack of access to good food, isolation are the main problems. Modern medicines and our health care systems are not equipped to deal with Adolescent Obesity. Easily available foods are so loaded with chemicals and many of these so called "foods" and "drinks" have been shown to induce metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes on top of the other social and economical problems. Obesity and Diabetes, in my opinion are not MEDICAL problems but they are SOCIAL problems and the approach must be SOCIAL rather than MEDICAL or PHYSIOLOGICAL. Our modest success using a sociocultural approach is a case in point.
  • Ana María Sánchez Peralta · University of Granada
    DM II yes. Pancreatic wear by abuse of high-glycemic carbohydrates.
  • John Adams · Saybrook University
    All this is very good, but few have mentioned the food industry and how they have created obesity with increasing shifts to fats and high fructose corn syrup. The cheapest food that the less affluent buy is by and large crap-candy.

    The main thing wrong with the viewpoints is failure to think systemically, to include the profit motives of the food industry. Hormones, etc., are fine, but the single focus opinions add nothing to our understanding.
  • Right you are, John. The food industry is indeed a large part of the problem. Here's a quote from "The Modern Nutritional Diseases: and How to Prevent Them" by Fred and Alice Ottoboni.

    "The current relentless pressure to convert the entire population to a low-fat, high carbohydrate dietary regime seems to be driven by a curious set of circumstances. It began with an idea aimed at inducing the public to buy and eat foods that are profitable to the agricultural and food industries as opposed to foods that man was designed to eat. With judicious use of public relations, advertising, pseudo science, and political prowess, this idea has grown into a sophisticated and powerful movement that is changing eating habits throughout the world. Concurrently, the national priority aimed at the treatment of the modern nutritional diseases, rather than their prevention, has focused medical research on patentable new drugs rather than on preventive methods...The consequences are sobering. Older adults suffer premature disabilities and shortened life spans; younger adults, and even children, are increasingly affected by early signs of atherosclerosis, obesity, and type-2 diabetes. Enormous prescription drug and medical care costs have nearly reached the point of overwhelming the national budget. And tragically, a growing body of evidence suggests that the bizarre and increasingly common behavioral problems among young children and teen-agers are related to the combined effects of high sugar intakes and the virtual absence of omega-3 essential fatty acids in the American diet." http://books.google.com/books?id=wPrfdvM5V4gC&pg=PA199&lpg=PA199&dq=#v=onepage&q&f=false

    Science does not easily correct itself when the interests of commerce are threatened. And now the American style agribusiness/ industrial food system threatens to compromise the public health in practically every nation on Earth. Quote:

    "The West is exporting diabetes and heart disease to poor countries, along with the processed foods that line the shelves of global supermarkets warns UN advisor Olivier De Schutter. While obesity is firmly embedded in countries like the US, UK and Europe with as much as 40 per cent of the population classified as obese, the rates are set to rise in poorer countries previously unaffected by the obesity epidemic. In these countries, traditional healthy diets, made up of grains, beans, vegetables, fresh fruit and animal products are being replaced by more processed and junk foods high in saturated fats, salt and sugar."

    Tragically, United Nations authorities still believe that saturated fats are a big part of the problem. Actually, the major changes in fat intake involve omega-6 industrial seed oils. http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2003-09-28/news/0309270148_1_overweight-or-obese-women-were-overweight-south-africa A few scientists are beginning to realize that the saturated fat research findings have been systematically misinterpreted. http://www.nutritionjrnl.co...
    [more]
  • In response to John Adam's remarks....

    You're correct, there was many different reasons for our dilemma, some political, some issues of egocentric researchers, etc that created the mess we're in now. If you've not read Gary Taube's " What if its all a Big Fat Lie" written in 2002 for the New York Times, I would suggest that you do. He traces the beginnings of the "low fat, high carb" movement in the US. It's an interesting read and outlines a sort of domino effect. Understanding this is all well and good, and interesting. But a plan to change things is truly what we need. I can cite paper and research and results and there are still people who don't. won't believe that saturated fat is not the foe but that sugar and high glycemic carbs are. There are too many doctors not willing to take the time to read the research and make recommendations. We have to remember that Dr. Atkins had to defend his diet in front of congress. Not many wish to take the professional "chance".

    If you have a plan that will systematically change the minds of thousands of health professionals across the US, I'm all ears. It's unfortunate, but the lives of the next generation is at stake. I will teach my kids better, and they will teach their kids better, but there are mom's I know at this moment who have no idea what to feed their kids. A week ago, I spoke to a mom who told me her underweight 9 year old son sometimes would only eat a bowl of cereal all day long. (as I gasped in horror) she assured me that his doctor said it would be okay, as long as he drank the milk. Unfortunately, its this doctor who we need to take a refresher in nutrition and take the time to teach. Got a plan for this??? I"m on board!
  • Yves Van Assche · TotalEnergeticWellness
    Modern Medicine is nothing but "Downstream" Medicine

    I have concluded that modern medicine is nothing more than "medicine to alleviate downstream pollution while leaving upstream pollution alone."
    Let me explain the basis of this argument.
    When we digest the food we take in by mouth in our stomach and intestines, these
    digested nutrients are absorbed through the intestinal walls. The nutrients absorbed through the intestinal walls pass through the portal veins and are carried to the
    liver in that order. The nutrients that are carried to the liver undergo various
    metabolic processes, after which they pass through the hepatic vein into vena cava
    inferior and carried to the organs all over the body by general circulation.
    That is to say, they are transported in this order: liver → hepatic vein → vena cava inferior → general circulation → organs all over the body. As a whole, the order
    is: digestive system → portal vein → liver → organs all over the body.
    If we think of the liver as a kind of "checkpoint station", the parts of the process
    that occur before reaching the liver can be referred to as "upstream", and the parts
    that take place after leaving the liver as "dowmnstream."
    As shown in Illustration 2, the portion from the mouth to the liver can be called
    as "upstream" ( Lake Ontario : checkpoint before liver) while the organs that come
    after the liver can be as called as "downstream" (River Saint Lawrence : checkpoint after liver).
    Looking at metabolism this way, we see that when the "upstream" is polluted,the
    "downstream" will become polluted as well. Thus, the disease-causing substances
    of upstream will cause diseases of downstream.
    Now I think you understand my statement that "Modern Medicine is medicine to
    alleviate downstream pollution while leaving upstream pollution alone."
    What, then, does "upstream pollution " mean ?
    It means "production of offensive feces" by "abnormal gastrointestinal fermentation." Because the substances that cause offensive feces are substances that result from the putrefaction of protein (eggs, fish or meat),they are called "putrefied metabolites." In short, it is as if people who always excrete offensive feces were eating rotten eggs, fish and meat everyday. The difference is that if they were eating rotten food, they would get sick immediately, while in this case the food rots after they eat it, so it takes more time for them to get sick. Therefore, it is important to lead a lifestyle which does not produce offensive feces. But now we have what can change offensive feces into clean feces as if by magic, that is Hydrogen Rich Water
    HAYASHI,Hidemitsu.M.D.
  • Christina Steel · McDaniel Institute of Anti-Aging Research
    The flippant answers would be wine, chocolate, and laziness. That's only part of the issue--and nobody honestly believes that chocolate is at fault (or wine). However, I think that a couple of things may play into the obesity issue particularly in women. As we have changed our roles from being "primarily home-makers" (mothers and wives) to being workers (outside the home)--professional, career-oriented women--we often find that the demands on our time leave us feeling drained and tired and, frankly, not wanting to cook dinner. This is by no means unique to women. However, it has been considered traditional for the woman to cook or provide dinner. In modern societies, this tends to mean increased reliance on processed foods, heat-and-serve items, and fast food. It's not that we don't know better--we're just too tired to care many nights! These processed foods tend to be unbalanced meals--high in refined sugars and carbohydrates, sodium, and fat--and therefore taste good. In the U.S., processed foods tend to be less expensive than fresh meats and produce. The chocolate and wine may be valid points--as our lifestyles have changed, our stress levels have increased--driving up cortisol levels and the desire to self-medicate: "I had a hard day, I really deserve a little reward!" This quickly becomes an ingrained pattern and habit and portion sizes tend to increase rapidly as the brain drives us for ever larger rewards/payoffs. When we do try to confront the issue, we are often faced with seemingly contradictory information: Eggs are good! No, eggs are high in cholesterol! For many people lacking university education, these conflicts drive people to avoid the whole problem--and eat something else instead. Our efforts to provide guidance tend to get exaggerated and taken to extremes: if a lowfat diet is good, surely a nonfat diet must be even better! Lean protein? Great! I'll look for the highest-protein foods I can find! It's myopic. Despite this, I truly believe that most of us have a good grasp of what foods are healthy and what foods are not--but knowing and DOING are two different things when you're tired and your feet hurt!
  • Ana María Sánchez Peralta · University of Granada
    jee. Muy bueno!
    Without wine and chocolate, more depression...je
  • Mythili Jagannath · Bangalore University
    More it is life style diseases can partly be controlled in specific group of individuals if detected early
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    Zero size to full size. The transition is simply too fast.
    Junk foods are consumed most by women and hormonal changes are too significant to be ignored. The fat metabolism is diferent in males and females.
  • Well, I say upping saturated fat intake can help with both weight control and appetite regulation. Watch this video and note how the dietitian says the authorities are all in agreement and couldn't possibly be mistaken about saturated fat. http://video.au.msn.com/watch/video/is-saturated-fat-good-for-you/x4goj61
  • Mythili Jagannath · Bangalore University
    Is there a way to track fat metabolism
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    http://scholar.google.co.in/scholar_url?hl=en&q=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC296998/&sa=X&scisig=AAGBfm2Oql7oslSnmddu6bagaCZzE5DmTg&oi=scholarr&ei=m9d7T5TwJseViQeYupGdCQ&ved=0CBwQgAMoADAA this is a study about tracking fat metabolism.
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    http://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=10&ved=0CJsBEBYwCQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.who.int%2Fmediacentre%2Ffactsheets%2Ffs311%2Fen%2F&ei=VNp7T5b_M6iOiAfatOyhCQ&usg=AFQjCNFGC7GjyG1PORGZxDb1PSD6xnDxGA&sig2=oRpIExqBefyeGeuBaf-jPg. this is an interesting article of WHO about global epidemic of obesity
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    http://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CEoQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonlinelibrary.wiley.com%2Fdoi%2F10.1576%2Ftoag.8.1.026.27205%2Fpdf&ei=nNt7T9SIOKmViQfB9NiQCQ&usg=AFQjCNGtX-ilu7Ui8-4TMd8ZJKl3UYWZsA&sig2=ehubTHlRaHKHFynFq4LaaA the study of female hormone and obesity
  • Mythili Jagannath · Bangalore University
    Somebody should sponsor otherwise an academic institute it is not possible
  • Deleted
    What about the erosion of self-esteem due to incest and child sexual abuse. This is endemic on world populations. Why sweep it under the carpet?
  • sudah yehuda kovesh shaheb · University of Havana
    Working with populations which are sexually repressed and have high rates of rape and incest (this is in Asia), one can see that obesity is one of the many bad outcomes of it. More than one occasion they have said: I want to make myself as unattractive as possible.
    so Isabel's point is right, any form of erosion of self esteem can lead to Obesity. You only have to visit poorer areas in rich countries and interview a dozen families to see that . Good Point, Isabel
  • Dr.Srinivas Reddy · Centre for Research on Fitness, Health and Excellence
    In the modern age knowingly or unknowingly most of the humans are effected by obesic problem, for this there is numorous factors. It we compare the rural and urban females, males and childredn obesics are high in urban areas, some of the reasons for this are 1. Lack of physical work due to science and technological advancement, 2. Availability of high value nutrients, 3. Lack of sufficent rest due to spending most of the time with TV,Computer and Cell phone, 4. Psychological imbalence due to lonely ness and selfish ness. 5. Polluted environment due to industrialisation. Particularly females are more effected due to the above reasons.
  • Amina Aitsi-Selmi · University College London
    Although women tend to display a higher prevalence of obesity than men throughout the world, one of the only groups to be able to reduce their prevalence over time is high socioeconomic status women. How successful they are at it depends on the level of economic development of a country, however, women with higher levels of education tend to drop their prevalence pretty soon in the process of economic development, and in the face of the changing food environment. This may be a result of a higher health literacy and their empowerment in advocating for better health for themselves, as well as cognitive advantages in self-regulation, and possibly the use of thinness as a form of social distinction.

    Of note, the rapidly evolving food environment, where energy-dense but nutrient-poor foods become increasingly available while traditional standards of beauty and a concern with high fertility for women (i.e. having a large number of children is the main social role, rather than education and having a career), obesity may of course be a greater risk, as women are better able to conform with these social expectations thanks to the greater calorie availability.
  • sudah yehuda kovesh shaheb · University of Havana
    it is an interesting paradox that in the western world, women are heavier than men but they outlive their male counterpart by 10-15 years, this advantage is lost only if they are smokers.
    On a recent visit to the Middle East, I was surprised at the high rate of obesity, Qataris, Kuwaitis, Emiratis, Saudis now overtaking the west in obesity rates. In fact Qatar is supposed to be the fattest country in the world.
    In the developing world, such as India, the total number of obese people while high, the percentage seem to reflect the socioeconomic status.. from lean to obese to lean. In Moslem countries and cultures, women have less of a chance to participate in activities that reduce weight and also covering up fully they are deprived of vitamin D (even the Bedouins in Negev, women, are deficient in Vitamin D. Malays in both Malaysia and Brunei are heavier than other races who live in their country, and this month of celebration, called Hari Raya, brings on greater obesity and type 2 Diabetes, warns an editorial in Brunei Times. This is an example of culturally allowed practices becoming dangerous to your health, because of the rapid economic advances as seen in Malaysia and other Asian Tigers. It is gratifying to note a graph published in the Economist that Asian women in general smoke much less, far less than their male counterparts, which is a blessing.
    It is also interesting to note that in countries such as USA UK and Australia, 100 per cent of poor women are overweight and obese whereas in India the picture is much reversed, this may have to do with the calorie dense nutrition absent substances sold as food in those countries.
    Of the 7 moslem countries that I visited recently, the healthiest one seemed to be the most liberal one, Indonesia.
  • Priyanka Kumari · Rajendra Agricultural University
    In women specially aged women(perimenopausal and menopausal women) due to change in the level of estrogen and progesteron water retention occure and sedentary lifestyle leads to obesity.Obesity(high BMI and WHR) leads to various problems.Obesity also decreases confidence level because physical fittness imroves the personalty .
  • Hameed Riyasudheen · Real physiotherapy clinic, Tirur,Kerala,India
    Controled food,proper and regular exercises,healthy mentelstatus can prevent obesity.
  • Yves Van Assche · TotalEnergeticWellness
    sudah yehuda kovesh shaheb,
    Would be good idea to look at what changes go hand in hand with increase in obbesity rates in Middle East observations.... Does our hypotalamus take a new reference point every 21 days, whenever a situation is consistant for 21 days it becomes a new reference point .... (ramadan ... acute dehydration because not allowed to drink during day time .. a large part may become chronic when not corrected in time)
    Last decades the use of microwave cooking skyrocketed .... loss of even more hydrogen stored in food...
    Compare to new scientific research on effect of complementing intake of hydrogen on obesity and diabetes type II
    Kamimura et al. Molecular hydrogen improves obesity and diabetes by inducing
    hepatic FGF21 and stimulating energy metabolism in db/db mice. Obesity 19(7):13961403
    (2011).
  • It may be that a decrease in molecular hydrogen stored in food has contributed to the obesity epidemic. Relatively speaking, however, it would seem the switch from sucrose to high fructose corn syrup has had a greater impact on obesity, especially in countries where microwave cooking is not yet an option. https://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S26/91/22K07/
  • Satyaprasad Venkata · Manipal Hospital, KAYA
    Molecular hydrogen and microwave cooking is all over in most parts and obesity is seen in affluent countries than poorer countries. I think its technology that adds fire to obesity rather than microwaves. Fresh food is bettter than caned food
  • John Mcneill · University of British Columbia - Vancouver
    Several of the answers refer to increased fructose intake as a causal factor and there certainly is a strong correlation between fructose intake and obesity, metabolic syndrome,hypertension, non-alcohol related liver disease and renal disease. It seems almost too simple a solution but one that could be readily implemented without great cost or inconvenience.
  • Mario Roska · University of Novi Sad
    Research has shown that after the age of 20 women get more obese. The reasons are, I think:
    1. Less aerobic physical activity (but the diet stays at the same level),
    2. the level of stress increases,
    3. women who were nutritionally deprived as children are significantly more likely to be obese,
    4. higher adult socioeconomic status.
  • nazlı Atak · Ankara University
    When the women getting richer they prefer to buy manifactured products, they lose physical activity and getting fatter. so if they return to natural feeding again it will be okay. They must cook their food by own, by themselves. the other thing they must stop to take glucose and fructose
  • Wan Manan · University of Science Malaysia
    Generally obesity is a result of positive energy balance. However, it is a daunting task to get people to go on negative energy balance and back to weight fulcrum. It is normal to have weight fluctuation of say 3-5 kilograms over a period of 10-15 years. We have carried out our obesity clinic since 1984 and still ongoing. We found that only about a quarter of those women who loss weight the last 15 years are able to maintian their weight fluctuation within 1-3 kg. For your information our approach is healthy lifestyle, healthy eating and physical activity only, no drug or pharmacological management is involved.
  • Tolu Oyekan · Babcock University
    In addition to numerous answers, i will say women tend to be obese either due to stress and child bearing.
  • Tolu Oyekan · Babcock University
    It is to a certain level. That is why background/upbringing or let me say enviromental factor also contribute.
  • Carlos Hossri · Hospital for the Heart
    Generally obesity is a result of positive energy balance. However, it is a daunting task to get people to go on negative energy balance and back to weight fulcrum. Almost the times.... They think that to to make exercise , but just think.......They dont burn the calories enough to lost weight.
  • Part of the reason people can't achieve negative energy balance is because the modern food supply is diluted in terms of vitamin and mineral content. Interestingly, livestock grazing on high quality forage consume less than animals eating poor quality forage(1).

    Another factor affecting appetite is omega-6. Too much of it deranges the appetite control mechanism(2). Omega-6 seed oils are now ubiquitous(3). Yet there's little interest in researching the matter(4,5).

    References
    1. http://www.articlesbase.com/environment-articles/why-higher-brix-readings-in-forage-makes-animal-raising-more-profitable-1116237.html
    2. http://sciencenordic.com/vegetable-oils-promote-obesity
    3. http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2003-09-28/news/0309270148_1_overweight-or-obese-women-were-overweight-south-africa?pagewanted=all
    4. http://www.asbmb.org/asbmbtoday/asbmbtoday_article.aspx?id=18365
    5. http://evilcyber.com/nutrition/disrobing-dogma-polyunsaturated-fat-and-health/
  • Jenny Gunton · Garvan Institute of Medical Research
    Obesity is not more common in females, it is more common in males. See the ABS website.

    http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by+Subject/4125.0~Jan+2012~Main+Features~Overweight+and+obesity~3330
  • Dharmendra Kumar · Pondicherry University
    Obecity is a common in females because less activity and she have more fatty tissues.....so an..
  • Ann Thomas · Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka
    It has been observed that, women having similar dietary pattern and activity level does not necesarily become obese as the other. so propably obesity is not just about these two factors only, but other cumulative factors like stress level, hormonal changes and genetics may be having a greater role than currently understood.
    It has also been observed that some women who try to tackle the obesity problem based on the present theory of increased activity levels and reduced calories and sugar intake ; unfortunately find the problem persisting . And this leads to the lack of confidence and depression- an inability to tackle the problem (obesity) - The problem becomes more than self .
    So in my opinion a greater understanding of the problem is required than the present blanket rule wherein
    OBESITY = INCREASED CALORIE INTAKE + REDUCED ACTIVITY .

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