Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Publisher: Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers (U.S.), SAGE Publications


Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography features the latest research and information in the field of diagnostic medical sonography including articles, case reports, and reviews.

  • Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography website
  • Other titles
    Journal of diagnostic medical sonography (Online), Journal of diagnostic medical sonography
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

SAGE Publications

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author website, repository and PubMed Central
    • On author's personal web site
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Post-print version with changes from referees comments can be used
    • "as published" final version with layout and copy-editing changes cannot be archived but can be used on secure institutional intranet
    • If funding agency rules apply, authors may use SAGE open to comply
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Measurement of the carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) is being used by many investigators to detect an increased risk of coronary artery atherosclerotic disease and document treatment effects. This study compares CIMT measurements in 75 patients with chronic kidney disease to a matched cohort of 75 subjects with normal kidney function. In plaque-free arterial segments, the CIMT was measured manually in the longitudinal plane from the far walls of a segment of the common carotid artery 3 cm in length adjacent to the carotid bifurcation. Patients with CKD had a significantly higher mean CIMT compared to those with normal renal function (0.86 ± 0.42 mm vs 0.69 ± 0.21 mm; P < .01). Mean CIMT values did not differ significantly between patients with different stages of CKD (stage 3: 0.88 ± 0.14 mm; stage 4: 0.89 ± 0.18 mm; and stage 5: 0.87 ± 0.14 mm, P = .94). These data indicate that CIMT is significantly higher in patients with CKD compared with controls, regardless of the stage of their disease, and may be a readily available noninvasive means of further assessing cardiovascular risk in CKD patients.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Bladder tumors are extremely rare in young adults and are usually linked to tobacco abuse, chronic infections, or occupational exposure to carcinogens. We present a case of a papillary urothelial neoplasm in a 19-year-old man with no significant risk factors, initially detected by sonography and later confirmed with computed tomographic urography and cystoscopy. The tumor was quickly resected and mitomycin C instilled in the bladder prophylactically. This is an atypical situation in a patient with none of the common risk factors.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Plaque characterization using traditional two-dimensional (2D) imaging and/or three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonographic (US) techniques is a new method for evaluating artery wall morphology and plaque risk stratification. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare 2D and 3D US, measuring the interobservation differences for specific plaque-imaging analyses. Phantoms that simulated various types of atherosclerotic plaque pathology were imaged and findings reported by three experienced sonographers. Interobservation agreement and subanalyses were created. For each type of plaque pathology, agreement was moderate; however, conformity increased with the application of 3D US versus 2D US alone. Agreement was best for the identification of fissures, ulcerations, and irregular plaque surface. Advanced sonographic techniques for carotid plaque imaging provide a reproducible method in the analysis and morphologic assessment of simulated carotid atheromatous lesions, with superior interobserver variability. Three-dimensional US improves visualization of some pathologies and may provide additional information in the evaluation and risk stratification of vulnerable carotid plaque.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This preclinical study was conducted to develop discrete sonographic instrumentation settings and also safe contrast dosing that would consistently demonstrate perineural vascularity along the median nerve. This set of imaging studies was conducted with a convenience cohort of young adult female monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Sonographic equipment settings and dosing were refined throughout the imaging series to ensure consistent contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging. A mechanical index of 0.13 was consistently used for imaging. Perineural vessels were imaged with a suspension solution of 0.04 mL Definity/0.96 mL saline introduced over 5 minutes for a total dose of 0.8 mL of contrast solution. Blinded studies of high and low dose contrast, along with saline injections, were correctly identified by two experienced sonographers. This preclinical study established adequate equipment settings and dosing that allowed for a valid demonstration of vascularity surrounding the median nerve.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2013; 29(5).
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    ABSTRACT: Mobile learning or m-learning is used on a daily basis, on every continent, in a plethora of ways. Yet, its awareness and implementation in the field of sonography education are lacking. Whether as a tool of formal education or a form of professional development, mobile learning has much to offer this diagnostic medical imaging field. This article defines the differences between electronic learning (e-learning) and m-learning, illustrates a few of the many opportunities this application holds to offer its stakeholders, and challenges sonography educators to begin using its value as an educational tool in their established curriculums.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(4):202-206.
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    ABSTRACT: Neuroblastoma is a common malignancy of infancy and early childhood. The difference in the outcomes for patients with these neoplasms is striking. Infants younger than one year have a good prognosis, even in the presence of metastatic disease, whereas older patients with metastatic disease fare poorly even when treated with aggressive therapy. The noninvasive nature of diagnostic sonography has allowed it to play a major role in the early detection and treatment of neuroblastoma. This early sonographic detection, in conjunction with early postnatal surgical intervention, has greatly improved the prognosis of infants born with neuroblastoma.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(2):58-65.
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    ABSTRACT: Uterine arteriovenous malformation and arteriovenous fistula are rare vascular lesions that have only recently been described in literature. They are two differentials in reproductive-age women with acute onset of abnormal vaginal bleeding. The sonographic and clinical presentation of these two pathologies can be both varied in appearance and impossible to distinguish from each other. However, a detailed history along with specific sonographic investigation using color and pulse-wave Doppler, as well as a transvaginal scanning technique, can lead to strong suspicion of these vascular malformities. A successful sonogram can provide essential evidence to justify further investigation with a more invasive angiography procedure. This will not only confirm a diagnosis but also give important information regarding the size and exact location of the lesion. These facts will help the interventional radiologist and treating physician decide if different types of embolization are possible or if hysterectomy is necessary.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(3):135-139.
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    ABSTRACT: The prenatal diagnosis of congenital dacryocystocele has been reported using 2D sonographic imaging, but there are very few reports of the use of 3D sonography for this diagnosis. Two cases are presented in which 3D and Doppler sonography was helpful in determining the prenatal diagnosis. The embryologic basis of this obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct is discussed along with techniques for the prenatal diagnosis, including the potential value of 3D sonography in limiting the necessity of other prenatal testing. The importance of establishing the differential diagnosis is also discussed, as there is the possibility of the dacryocystocele being secondary to a sinonasal tumor.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(2):68-77.
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    ABSTRACT: Point-of-care sonography is a valuable tool used in medical practice. A free health clinic was the venue for the authors’ approach to hands-on training for medical and nursing students. Students were surveyed before and after the event regarding their experience and their ability to successfully perform six targeted sonographic skills. The primary outcome was the change presurvey to postsurvey in the students’ assessment of their ability to perform scans on patients and identify the anatomic structures in the six skill areas. An experienced sonographer monitored each scan and confirmed skill application. One hundred nineteen sonograms were performed. Most students (23/29) did not report competence in any of the six assessed skills prior to the study. On average, students developed competence in three of six skill areas. Before the study, 3 of 29 students (10%) reported being able to perform scans on patients and identify the major anatomic structures. After the study, 20 of 28 students (71%) reported that they could perform scans and identify these structures. This change was significant (P < .0001, χ2).
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(2):91-94.
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    ABSTRACT: The use of percutaneous ablation therapy to manage focal malignant liver lesions has been widely embraced and integrated into clinical practice. These minimally invasive procedures offer a successful alternative to surgery for patients limited by poor hepatic reserve or problematic anatomy. Radiofrequency is currently the most commonly performed ablation therapy technique; however, new research in the field of microwave technology suggests certain advantages over radio frequency. This article analyzes the differences between these two technologies and discusses the circumstances in which one method may be preferred over the other for hepatic malignancies.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(3):120-125.
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    ABSTRACT: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common disease in today’s older population. When AAAs grow large, the risk for rupture becomes high, and the AAA should be treated. It can be treated in one of two ways: open or endovascular repair. With endovascular repair, an endograft is placed within the aorta using angiographic guidance to exclude the AAA. Intravascular sonography (IVUS) can be used as an adjunct to angiography for the endovascular repair. The endograft must then be routinely followed for complications such as endoleak. This case report identifies a symptomatic type III endoleak and describes how IVUS is used in conjunction with computed tomography and angiography to treat type III endoleaks.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(3):140-147.
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    ABSTRACT: The finding of a splenic abscess is rare, with only 500 to 600 cases ever having been reported internationally. Prior to the advent of sonography and computed tomography, the survival rate for an individual with a splenic abscess was 0%. Present-day real-time imaging with sonography allows for accurate diagnosis of an abscess in the spleen versus rupture, hematoma, splenomegaly, or cyst within the spleen or left kidney. Until recently, the prescribed treatment was splenectomy. The increased understanding of splenic abscess etiology and advancements in pharmacology have allowed the treatment to progress from surgical removal of the entire spleen to draining the abscess using fine-needle aspiration with the use of strong broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(4):168-172.
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnostic imaging has proven to be a beneficial tool in the screening, diagnosis, and prognosis of breast cancer. Most cancers are found early with breast screening methods, such as mammography. In some instances, breast cancer will go unidentified or untreated up to the point that the cancer becomes more advanced. This case study investigates a form of breast cancer that was diagnosed within a month after the patient’s first meeting with her physician. The breast cancer was examined with x-ray, computed tomography, and sonography. The role of sonography is discussed in detail with the aim of illustrating the usefulness of this technology in identifying cancerous breast tissue.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(3):152-156.
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    ABSTRACT: A Sister Mary Joseph nodule (SMJN) is a malignancy located in the periumbilical region. Often misinterpreted as a simple hernia, it is associated with advanced metastatic cancer. First reported in 1846, its primary sources include the gastrointestinal system and female reproductive sites. The most common origins include gastrointestinal (52%), gynecologic (28%), stomach (23%), and ovarian (16%). The presence of SMJN usually indicates widespread disease and is associated with a poor prognosis and complex therapeutic implications, with average patient survival of only 10 to 11 months after diagnosis. This report demonstrates the capability of sonography to evaluate soft tissue periumbilical masses, describes their sonographic appearance, and evaluates the utility of sonography to accurately locate the SMJN for biopsy.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(3):107-117.
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    ABSTRACT: Conjoined twins are a rare anomaly. The classification of twinning that accounts for the majority of conjoined twins is thoraco-omphalopagus. This report discusses a case of female thoraco-omphalopagus twins who share a single cardiac system.
    Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 01/2012; 28(1):22-25.

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