Nanoscale Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Journal description

Current impact factor: 7.39

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 6.739
2012 Impact Factor 6.233
2011 Impact Factor 5.914

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 6.26
Cited half-life 1.70
Immediacy index 1.17
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 1.60
ISSN 2040-3372

Publisher details

Royal Society of Chemistry

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-prints on non-commercial repositories and arXiv
    • Post-print on author's personal website
    • Author's post-print on institutional repository after 12 months from acceptance
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher PDF will be supplied and may be used on author's personal website only
    • RSC will deposit the authors post-print, if appropriate in non-commercial repositories, not limited to funder's repositories after 12 months
    • Restrictions on further re-use and further distribution to be noted
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A rechargeable lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) battery with a remarkably high theoretical energy storage capacity has attracted enormous research attention. However, the poor oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reaction (ORR and OER) activities in discharge and charge processes cause low energy efficiency, poor electrolyte stability and short cycle life. This requires the development of efficient cathode catalysts to dramatically improve the Li-O2 battery performances. MnO2-based materials are recognized as efficient and low-cost catalysts for a Li-O2 battery cathode. Here, we report a controllable approach to synthesize hierarchical porous δ-MnO2 nanoboxes by using Prussian blue analogues as the precursors. The obtained products possess hierarchical pore size and an extremely large surface area (249.3 m(2) g(-1)), which would favour oxygen transportation and provide more catalytically active sites to promote ORR and OER as the Li-O2 battery cathode. The battery shows enhanced discharge capacity (4368 mA h g(-1)@0.08 mA cm(-2)), reduced overpotential (270 mV), improved rate performance and excellent cycle stability (248 cycles@500 mA h g(-1) and 112 cycles@1000 mA h g(-1)), in comparison with the battery with a VX-72 carbon cathode. The superb performance of the hierarchical porous δ-MnO2 nanoboxes, together with a convenient fabrication method, presents an alternative to develop advanced cathode catalysts for the Li-O2 battery.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr02983j
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    ABSTRACT: A programmed pre-targeting system for tumor cell imaging and targeting therapy was established based on the "biotin-avidin" interaction. In this programmed functional system, transferrin-biotin can be actively captured by tumor cells with the overexpression of transferrin receptors, thus achieving the pre-targeting modality. Depending upon avidin-biotin recognition, the attachment of multivalent FITC-avidin to biotinylated tumor cells not only offered the rapid fluorescence labelling, but also endowed the pre-targeted cells with targeting sites for the specifically designed biotinylated peptide nano-drug. Owing to the successful pre-targeting, tumorous HepG2 and HeLa cells were effectively distinguished from the normal 3T3 cells via fluorescence imaging. In addition, the self-assembled peptide nano-drug resulted in enhanced cell apoptosis in the observed HepG2 cells. The tumor cell specific pre-targeting strategy is applicable for a variety of different imaging and therapeutic agents for tumor treatments.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03862f
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    ABSTRACT: We have developed capacitively-transduced nanomechanical resonators using sp(2)-rich diamond-like carbon (DLC) thin films as conducting membranes. The electrically conducting DLC films were grown by physical vapor deposition at a temperature of 500 °C. Characterizing the resonant response, we find a larger than expected frequency tuning that we attribute to the membrane being buckled upwards, away from the bottom electrode. The possibility of using buckled resonators to increase frequency tuning can be of advantage in rf applications such as tunable GHz filters and voltage-controlled oscillators.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr02820e
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    ABSTRACT: Here we report a wafer-scale graphene/P(VDF-TrFE)/graphene multilayer for light-weight, flexible and fast-switched broadband modulation applications. The P(VDF-TrFE) film not only significantly reduces the sheet resistance of graphene throughout heavy doping of ∼0.8 × 10(13) cm(-2) by nonvolatile ferroelectric dipoles, but also acts as an efficient electro-optic (EO) layer. Such multilayered structural integration with remarkable ferroelectric polarization, high transparency (>90%), low sheet resistance (∼302 Ω □(-1)), and excellent mechanic flexibility shows the potential of a flexible modulation application over a broad range of wavelengths. Moreover, the derived device also exhibits strong field-induced EO modulation even under bending and one large Pockels coefficient (∼54.3 pm V(-1)) is obtained. Finally, the graphene and ferroelectric hybrid demonstrates a fast switching time (∼2 μs) and works well below low sheet resistance level over a long time. This work gives insights into the potential of graphene and ferroelectric hybrid structures, enabling future exploration on next-generation high-performance, flexible transparent electronics and photonics.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03020j
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    ABSTRACT: Hybrid structures of few or single quantum dots (QDs) coupled to single optical antennas are of prime interest for nano-optical research. The photoluminescence (PL) signal from single nanoemitters, such as QDs, can be enhanced, and their emission characteristics modified, by coupling them to plasmonic nanostructures. Here, a self-aligned technique for placing nanoscale QDs with about 10 nm lateral accuracy and well-defined molecular distances to the tips of individual nanocones is reported. This way the QDs are positioned exactly in the high near-field region that can be created near the cone apex. The cones are excited in the focus of a radially polarized laser beam and the PL signal of few or single QDs on the cone tips is spectrally detected.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR03546E
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    ABSTRACT: A self-assembled pentacene monolayer can be fabricated between the solid-solid interface of few-layered graphene (FLG) and the mica substrate, through a diffusion-spreading method. By utilizing a transfer method that allows us to sandwich pentacene between graphene and mica, followed by controlled annealing, we enabled the diffused pentacene to be trapped in the interfaces and led to the formation of a stable monolayer. We found that the formation of a monolayer is kinetically favored by using a 2D Ising lattice gas model for pentacene trapped between the graphene-substrate interfaces. This kinetic Monte Carlo simulation results indicate that, due to the graphene substrate enclosure, the spreading of the first layer proceeds faster than the second layer, as the kinetics favors the filling of voids by molecules from the second layer. This graphene assisted monolayer assembly method provides a new avenue for the fabrication of two-dimensional monolayer structures.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03718b
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    ABSTRACT: The development of topical microbicide formulations for vaginal delivery to prevent HIV-2 sexual transmission is urgently needed. Second- and third-generation polyanionic carbosilane dendrimers with a silicon atom core and 16 sulfonate (G2-S16), napthylsulfonate (G2-NS16) and sulphate (G3-Sh16) end-groups have shown potent and broad-spectrum anti-HIV-1 activity. However, their antiviral activity against HIV-2 and mode of action have not been probed. Cytotoxicity, anti-HIV-2, anti-sperm and antimicrobial activities of dendrimers were determined. Analysis of combined effects of triple combinations with tenofovir and raltegravir was performed by using CalcuSyn software. We also assessed the mode of antiviral action on the inhibition of HIV-2 infection through a panel of different in vitro antiviral assays: attachment, internalization in PBMCs, inactivation and cell-based fusion. Vaginal irritation and histological analysis in female BALB/c mice were evaluated. Our results suggest that G2-S16, G2-NS16 and G3-Sh16 exert anti-HIV-2 activity at an early stage of viral replication inactivating the virus, inhibiting cell-to-cell HIV-2 transmission, and blocking the binding of gp120 to CD4, and the HIV-2 entry. Triple combinations with tenofovir and raltegravir increased the anti-HIV-2 activity, consistent with synergistic interactions (CIwt: 0.33-0.66). No vaginal irritation was detected in BALB/c mice after two consecutive applications for 2 days with 3% G2-S16. Our results have clearly shown that G2-S16, G2-NS16 and G3-Sh16 have high potency against HIV-2 infection. The modes of action confirm their multifactorial and non-specific ability, suggesting that these dendrimers deserve further studies as potential candidate microbicides to prevent vaginal/rectal HIV-1/HIV-2 transmission in humans.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03644e
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    ABSTRACT: The precise imaging of biomolecular entities contributes to an understanding of the relationship between their structure and function. However, the resolution of conventional infrared microscopic imaging is diffraction limited and does not exceed a few micrometres. Atomic force microscopy, on the other hand, can detect infrared absorption down to the sub-micrometer level. In the present report, we demonstrate that for multi-bilayer lipid samples containing the plant photosynthetic pigment-protein complex LHCII, the resolution of this latter technique can be better than 20 nm. Such a high resolution is attributable to two factors: (i) the relatively high infrared absorption by the complex that is integrated perpendicular to the plane of the multilayer film, and (ii) the distinctly different mechanical properties and thermal conductivity of the lipid and protein components of the sample.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03090k
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    ABSTRACT: Despite diverse applications, phospholipid membrane stacks generated by dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) still lack a thorough and systematic characterization that elucidates the whole ink transport process from writing to surface spreading, with the aim of better controlling the resulting feature size and resolution. We report a quantitative analysis and modeling of the dependence of lipid DPN features (area, height and volume) on dwell time and relative humidity. The ink flow rate increases with humidity in agreement with meniscus size growth, determining the overall feature size. The observed time dependence indicates the existence of a balance between surface spreading and the ink flow rate that promotes differences in concentration at the meniscus/substrate interface. Feature shape is controlled by the substrate surface energy. The results are analyzed within a modified model for the ink transport of diffusive inks. At any humidity the dependence of the area spread on the dwell time shows two diffu
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr04352b
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    ABSTRACT: A combination of transparency, electrical conductivity and flexibility is desired in the emerging flexible electronics industry for current and future applications. In this paper, we report the development of through thickness electrical conductivity in polystyrene films filled with nickel nanopowder by external magnetic field application. This process leads to the formation of nanocolumns of nickel spanning across the thickness direction while generating nanoparticle depleted regions in between. This leads to directionally dependent enhancement in optical light transmission particularly in the normal direction of the films. With the use of as little as 2 wt% (0.22 vol%) nickel we were able to achieve high through thickness conductivity under the influence of a magnetic field. While these films exhibit high through thickness conductivity they remain non-conductive in their planes as a result of the unique nanomorphology created which eliminates potential side branch formations. These films are anticipated to be used as electrodes for touch screens, electric dissipative materials for electronic packaging and other sensors.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03328d
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    ABSTRACT: Herein, we demonstrate that an electrochemical surface treatment of Fe foil with simple pulse reverse electrodeposition (PRED) prior to thermal oxidation can substantially enhance the photoelectrochemical (PEC) stability and water splitting performance of Fe2O3/Fe photoanodes. Comprehensive structural (XRD, FESEM, HRTEM), compositional (XPS depth profiling), and electrochemical (EIS, Mott-Schottky) analyses were performed to understand the effect of PRED treatment on PEC performance of fabricated photoanodes. It is revealed that air-exposed Fe foil is prone to formation of a loosely bound surface oxide layer that, upon annealing at 800 °C, results in an unstable Fe2O3 nano-flake (2-3 μm long) morphology. In contrast, when such Fe foil is pre-treated with PRED to etch the loosely bound oxide layer, adherent inverse-opal-like nano-coral structures (60-100 nm thin) are formed. In addition to stability improvement, PRED-treatment also assists in exposing the photocatalytically active high index [104] facet sites of hematite. Thin hematite nano-coral structures with high index [104] facet sites significantly improved the separation of photo-generated charge carriers and oxygen evolution kinetics, resulting in performance enhancement with excellent photocurrent stability for extended duration in a 1M NaOH solution under one sun illumination. The net photocurrent density for nano-coral morphology was 0.813 mA cm−2 at 1.23 V vs. RHE, which is the highest reported value for pristine hematite photoanodes fabricated from Fe foil.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR04475H
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    ABSTRACT: The adverse effects of nanoscale-alumina (Al2O3-NPs) have been previously demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo studies, whereas little is known about its mechanism of neurotoxicity. It is the goal of this research to determine the toxic effects of nano-alumina on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y and mouse hippocampal HT22 cells in vitro and on ICR female mice in vivo. Nano-alumina displayed toxic effects on SH-SY5Y cells lines in three different concentrations also caused aluminium accumulation and induced oxidative stress in HT22 cells. Nano-alumina peripherally administered to ICR female mice for three weeks increased brain aluminium and ROS production, disturbing brain energy homeostasis, and led to the impairment of hippocampal dependent memory. Most importantly, these nano-particles induced Alzheimer disease (AD) neuropathology by enhancing the amyloidogenic pathway of Amyloid Beta (Aβ) production, aggregation and implied the progression of neurodegeneration in the cortex and hippocampus of these mice. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that nano-alumina is toxic to both cells and female mice and that prolonged exposure may heighten the chances of developing a neurodegenerative disease, such as AD.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR03598H
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    ABSTRACT: In the fight against antibiotic resistance, gold nanoparticles (AuNP) with antibiotics grafted on their surfaces have been found to be potent agents. Ampicillin-conjugated AuNPs have been thus reported to overcome highly ampicillin-resistant bacteria. However, the structure at the atomic scale of these hybrid systems remains misunderstood. In this paper, the structure of the interface between an ampicillin molecule AMP and three flat gold facets Au(111), Au(110) and Au(100) has been investigated with numerical simulations (dispersion-corrected DFT). Adsorption energies, bond distances and electron densities indicate that the adsorption of AMP on these facets goes through multiple partially covalent bonding. The stability of the AuNP/AMP nanoconjugates is explained by large adsorption energies and their potential antibacterial activity is discussed on the basis of the constrained spatial orientation of the grafted antibiotic.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr03318g
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    ABSTRACT: Pt activated SnO2 nanoparticle clusters were synthesized by a simple solvothermal method. The structure, morphology, chemical state and specific surface area were analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS) and N2-sorption isotherm, respectively. The SnO2 nanoparticle cluster matrix consists of tens thousands of SnO2 nanoparticles with an ultra-small grain size estimated to be 3.0 nm. And there are abundant random-packed wormhole-like pores caused by the inter-connection of SnO2 nanoparticles in whole of the cluster. The platinum element presents two forms including metal (Pt) and tetravalent metal oxide (PtO2) in the Pt activated SnO2 nanoparticle clusters. The as-synthesized pure and Pt activated SnO2 nanoparticle clusters were used to fabricate gas sensor devices. It is found that the gas response toward 500 ppm ammonia is improved from 6.48 to 203.44 through the activation by Pt. And the results indicate that the sensor based on Pt activated SnO2 not only has ultrahigh sensitivity but also possesses good response-recovery property, linear dependence, repeatability, selectivity and long-term stability, demonstrating the potential of using Pt activated SnO2 nanoparticle clusters for ammonia gas sensing. At the same time, the formation mechanisms of the unique nanoparticle clusters and highly enhanced sensitivity are also brought out.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR03585F
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    ABSTRACT: Stretchable electronics has attracted great interest with compelling potential applications that require reliable operation under mechanical deformation. Achieving stretchability in devices, however, requires a deeper understanding of nanoscale materials and mechanics beyond the success of flexible electronics. In this regard, tremendous research efforts have been dedicated toward developing stretchable electrodes, which are one of the most important building blocks for stretchable electronics. Stretchable transparent thin-film electrodes, which retain their electrical conductivity and optical transparency under mechanical deformation, are particularly important for the favourable application of stretchable devices. This minireview summarizes recent advances in stretchable transparent thin-film electrodes, especially employing strategies based on in-plane structures. Various approaches using metal nanomaterials, carbon nanomaterials, and their hybrids are described in terms of preparation processes and optoelectronic/mechanical properties. Some challenges and perspectives for further advances in stretchable transparent electrodes are also discussed.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR04341G
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    ABSTRACT: Combining first principles investigations and scanning tunneling microscopy, we identify that the presumable van der Waals packed multilayer silicene sheets spontaneously transform into diamond-structure bulk Si film due to strong interlayer couplings. In contrast to drastic surface reconstruction on conventional Si(111), multilayer silicene prepared by bottom-up epitaxy on Ag(111) exhibits nearly ideal flat surface with only weak buckling. Without invoking Ag surfactants, √3×√3 honeycomb patterns emerge thanks to dynamic fluctuation of mirror-symmetric rhombic phases, similar to monolayer silicene [Chen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 085504 (2013)]. The weak relaxation enables novel surface states with a Dirac linear dispersion.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR04548G
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    ABSTRACT: In this communication, Nickel diselenide (NiSe2) nanoparticles are synthesized by a facile and low-cost hydrothermal method. The synthesis method can be extended to other metal diselenides as well. The electrode made of NiSe2 exhibits superior electrocatalytic activity in hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). A low Tafel slope of 31.1 mV/decade is achieved for NiSe2, which is comparable to that of Platinum (~30 mV/decade). Moreover, the catalytic activity of NiSe2 is very stable and no obvious degradation is found even after 1000 cyclic voltammetric sweeps.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR03724G
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    ABSTRACT: Flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors have offered promising applications as novel energy storage devices based on their merits, such as small size, low cost, light weight and high wearability for high-performance portable electronics. However, one major challenge to make flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors depends on the improvement of electrode materials with higher electrical conductivity properties and longer cycling stability. In this article, we put forward a simple strategy to in situ synthesize 1D CoMoO4 nanowires (NWs), using highly conductive CC and an electrically conductive PPy wrapping layer on CoMoO4 NW arrays for high performance electrode materials. The results show that the CoMoO4/PPy hybrid NW electrode exhibits a high areal specific capacitance of ca. 1.34 F cm(-2) at a current density of 2 mA cm(-2), which is remarkably better than the corresponding values for a pure CoMoO4 NW electrode of 0.7 F cm(-2). An excellent cycling performance of nanocomposites of up to 95.2% (ca. 1.12 F cm(-2)) is achieved after 2000 cycles compared to pristine CoMoO4 NWs. In addition, we fabricate flexible all-solid-state ASC which can be cycled reversibly in the voltage range of 0-1.7 V, and exhibits a maximum energy density of 104.7 W h kg(-1) (3.522 mW h cm(-3)), demonstrating great potential for practical applications in flexible energy storage electronics.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr02961a
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    ABSTRACT: We present a new method to extract resistivity and doping concentration of semiconductor materials from Scanning Microwave Microscopy (SMM) S11 reflection measurements. Using a three error parameters de-embedding workflow, the S11 raw data are converted into calibrated capacitance and resistance images where no calibration sample is required. The SMM capacitance and resistance values were measured at 18 GHz and ranged from 0 to 100 aF and from 0 to 1MΩ, respectively. A tip-sample analytical model that includes tip radius, microwave penetration skin depth, and semiconductor depletion layer width has been applied to extract resistivity and doping concentration from the calibrated SMM resistance. The method has been tested on two doped silicon samples and in both cases the resistivity and doping concentration are in quantitative agreement with the data-sheet values over a range of 10-3 Ω∙cm to 101 Ω∙cm, and 1014 atoms/cm3 to 1020 atoms/cm3, respectively. The measured dopant density values, with related uncertainties, are [1.1±0.6]x1018 atoms/cm3, [2.2±0.4]x1017 atoms/cm3, [4.5±0.2]x1016 atoms/cm3, [4.5±1.3]x1015 atoms/cm3, [4.5±1.7]x1014 atoms/cm3. The method does not require sample treatment like cleavage and cross-sectioning, and high contact imaging forces are not necessary, thus it is easily applicable to various semiconductor and materials science investigations.
    Nanoscale 08/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NR04264J