Nanoscale Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Current impact factor: 7.39

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 7.394
2013 Impact Factor 6.739
2012 Impact Factor 6.233
2011 Impact Factor 5.914

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 7.76
Cited half-life 2.20
Immediacy index 1.50
Eigenfactor 0.10
Article influence 1.74
ISSN 2040-3372

Publisher details

Royal Society of Chemistry

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-prints on non-commercial repositories and arXiv
    • Post-print on author's personal website
    • Author's post-print on institutional repository after 12 months from acceptance
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher PDF will be supplied and may be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher will deposit the authors post-print, if appropriate in non-commercial repositories, not limited to funder's repositories after 12 months
    • Restrictions on further re-use and further distribution to be noted
    • Publisher will deposit in Chemical Sciences Article Repository if requested, after 12 months
    • Publisher last reviewed on 21/07/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • Ramya Chandrasekaran · Alexander Shen Wang Lee · Lim Wei Yap · David A. Jans · Kylie M. Wagstaff · Wenlong Cheng ·

    Nanoscale 12/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease, characterized by high blood glucose levels, affecting millions of people around the world. Currently, the main treatment for diabetes requires multiple daily injections of insulin and self-monitoring of blood glucose levels, which markedly affect patients' quality of life. In this study we present a novel strategy for controlled and prolonged glucose regulation, based on the administration of insulin-coated gold nanoparticles (INS-GNPs). We show that both intravenous and subcutaneous injection of INS-GNPs into a mouse model of type 1 diabetes decreases blood glucose levels for periods over 3 times longer than free insulin. We further showed that conjugation of insulin to GNPs prevented its rapid degradation by the insulin-degrading-enzyme, and thus allows controlled and adjustable bio-activity. Moreover, we assessed different sizes and concentrations of INS-GNPs, and found that both parameters have a critical effect in vivo, enabling specific adjustment of blood glucose levels. These findings have the potential to improve patient compliance in diabetes mellitus.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr04881h
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    ABSTRACT: Three-dimensional nickel-iron (3-D/Ni-Fe) nanostructures are exciting candidates for various applications because they produce more reaction-active sites than 1-D and 2-D nanostructured materials and exhibit attractive optical, electrical and catalytic properties. In this work, freestanding 3-D/Ni-Fe interconnected hierarchical nanosheets, hierarchical nanospheres, and porous nanospheres are directly grown on a flexible carbon fiber paper (CFP) substrate by a single-step hydrothermal process. Among the nanostructures, 3-D/Ni-Fe interconnected hierarchical nanosheets show excellent electrochemical properties because of its high conductivity, large specific active surface area, and mesopores on its walls (vide infra). The 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanosheet array modified CFP substrate is further explored as a novel electrode for electrochemical non-enzymatic glucose sensor application. The 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanosheet arrays exhibit significant catalytic activity towards the electrochemical oxidation of glucose, as compared to the 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanospheres, and porous nanospheres. The 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanosheet arrays can access a large amount of glucose molecules on their surface (mesopore walls) for an efficient electrocatalytic oxidation process. Moreover, 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanosheet arrays showed higher sensitivity (7.90 μA μM(-1) cm(-2)) with wide linear glucose concentration ranging from 0.05 μM to 0.2 mM, and the low detection limit (LOD) of 0.031 μM (S/N = 3) is achieved by the amperometry method. Further, the 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanosheet array modified CFP electrode can be demonstrated to have excellent selectivity towards the detection of glucose in the presence of 500-fold excess of major important interferents. All these results indicate that 3-D/Ni-Fe hierarchical nanosheet arrays are promising candidates for non-enzymatic glucose sensing.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr06802a
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical modification and functionalization of inherent functional groups within graphite oxide (GO) are essential aspects of graphene-based nano-materials used in wide-ranging applications. Despite extensive research, there remains some discrepancy in its structure, with current knowledge limited primarily to spectroscopic data from XPS, NMR and vibrational spectroscopies. We report herein an innovative electrochemistry-based approach. Four electroactive labels are chosen to selectively functionalize groups in GO, and quantification of each group is achieved by voltammetric analysis. This allows for the first time quantification of absolute amounts of each group, with a further advantage of distinguishing various carbonyl species: namely ortho- and para-quinones from aliphatic ketones. Intrinsic variations in the compositions of permanganate versus chlorate-oxidized GOs were thus observed. Principal differences include permanganate-GO exhibiting substantial quinonyl content, in comparison to chlorate-GO with the vast majority of its carbonyls as isolated ketones. The results confirm that carboxylic groups are rare in actuality, and are in fact entirely absent from chlorate-GO. These observations refine and advance our understanding of GO structure by addressing certain disparities in past models resulting from employment of different oxidation routes, with the vital implication that GO production methods cannot be used interchangeably in the manufacture of graphene-based devices.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr05891k
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    ABSTRACT: We have measured the intermolecular forces between small interference RNA (siRNA) and polyamidoamine dendrimers at the single molecular level. A single molecule force spectroscopy approach has been developed to measure the unbinding forces and energies between a siRNA molecule and polyamidoamine dendrimers deposited on a mica surface in a buffer solution. We report three types of unbinding events which are characterized by forces and free unbinding energies, respectively, of 28 pN, 0.709 eV; 38 pN, 0.722 eV; and 50 pN, 0.724 eV. These events reflect different possible electrostatic interactions between the positive charges of one or two dendrimers and the negatively charged phosphate groups of a single siRNA. We have evidence of a high binding affinity of siRNA towards polyamidoamine dendrimers that leads to a 45% probability of measuring specific unbinding events.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr04906g
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    ABSTRACT: The increasing use of nanoparticles (NPs) in technological applications and in commercial products has escalated environmental health and safety concerns. The detection of NPs in the environment and in biological systems is challenged by limitations associated with commonly used analytical techniques. In this paper we report on the development and characterization of NP binding antibodies, termed NProbes. Phage display methodology was used to discover antibodies that bind NPs dispersed in solution. We present a proof-of-concept for the generation of NProbes and their use for detecting quantum dots and titanium dioxide NPs in vitro and in an ex vivo human skin model. Continued development and refinement of NProbes to detect NPs that vary in composition, shape, size, and surface coating will comprise a powerful tool kit that can be used to advance nanotechnology research particularly in the nanotoxicology and nanotherapeutics fields.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr04882f
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    ABSTRACT: Density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU) becomes increasingly important for the sorting of nanomaterials according to the particles' density, hence structure and dimensions, which determine their unique properties, but the further development of this separation technique is hindered by the limited precision with which the densities could be characterized. In this work, we determine these densities by position-dependent 2D wavelength-dependent IR fluorescence-excitation and resonant Raman spectroscopy measured directly in the density gradient after ultracentrifugation. We apply this method to study the diameter and chirality-dependent sorting of empty and water-filled single-walled carbon nanotubes coated with two different surfactants, sodium cholate (SC) and sodium deoxycholate (DOC). The results elucidate the long standing contradiction that SC would provide better diameter sorting, while DOC is the most efficient surfactant to solubilise the nanotubes. A more predictable separation is obtained for empty DOC-coated nanotubes since their density is found to vary very smoothly with diameter. The accurate and chirality-dependent densities furthermore provide information on the surfactant coating, which is also important for other separation techniques, and allow to determine the mass percentage of water encapsulated inside the nanotubes.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr06020f
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    ABSTRACT: Heterostructured nanoparticles have received considerable attention for their various applications due to their unique and tunable functionalities with respect to their individual bulk constituents. However, the current wet chemical synthesis of multicomponent heterostructured nanoparticles is rather complicated. Here, we report a simple and quick method to fabricate Co-Au dumbbell arrays by dewetting Co/Au heterojunctions on a Si substrate and demonstrate that the Co-Au dumbbells vary in size from 2 to 28 nm. We further show by chemical mapping that Co bells are covered by a pseudomorphic Au wetting layer of ∼4 Å, preventing the bells from oxidation. By controlling the thickness of metal heterojunctions and the annealing time, the morphology of the Co-Au nanoparticle is found to be transformed from the dumbbell to the core shell. This facile route is demonstrated to be useful for fabricating other metal-metal and metal-oxide heterostructures and hence holds technological promise for functional applications.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr07016c
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    ABSTRACT: Combinational chemotherapy capable of targeted delivery and programmable multi-drug release leads to enhanced drug efficacy, and is highly desired for cancer treatment. However, effective approaches for achieving both features in a single treatment are limited. In the present work, we demonstrated programmed delivery of both chemotherapeutic and immunotherapeutic agents with tumor cell targeting capability by using SiO2 based self-decomposable nanoparticulate systems. The programmable drug delivery is realized by manipulating drug loading configurations instead of relying on external stimuli. Both in vitro and in vivo results showed specific drug binding to FAT1-expressing colon cancer cells. The loaded dual drugs were demonstrated to be delivered in a sequential manner with specific time intervals between their peak releases, which maximize the synergistic effect of the chemotherapeutics. These features led to significantly enhanced drug efficacy and reduced system toxicity. The tumor weight decreased by 1/350, together with a moderate increase in rats' body weight, which were observed when adopting the dual drug loaded nanoparticles, as compared to those of the control groups. The present system provides a simple and feasible method for the design of targeting and combination chemotherapy with programmed drug release.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5nr06305a
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    ABSTRACT: For the application of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in nanoelectronic devices, effective techniques for the growth of semiconducting SWNTs (s-SWNTs) with a specific diameter are still a great challenge. Herein, we report a facile strategy for the selective growth of narrow diameter distributed s-SWNTs using CoPt/CeO2 catalysts. The addition of Pt into a Co catalyst dramatically reduces the diameter distributions and even the chirality distributions of the as-grown SWNTs. Oxygen vacancies that are provided by mesoporous CeO2 are responsible for creating an oxidative environment to in situ etch metallic SWNTs (m-SWNTs). Atomic force microscope (AFM) and Raman spectroscopy characterizations indicate a narrow diameter distribution of 1.32 ± 0.03 nm and the selective growth of s-SWNTs to 93%, respectively. In addition, electronic transport measurements also confirm that the Ion/Ioff ratio is mainly in the order of ∼10(3). This work provides an effective strategy for the facile fabrication of narrow diameter distributed s-SWNTs, which will be beneficial to fundamental research and the broad application of SWNTs for future nanoelectronics.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; 7(46). DOI:10.1039/c5nr05616k
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    ABSTRACT: CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells with a mesoporous TiO2 layer and spiro-MeOTAD as a hole transport layer (HTL) with three different CH3NH3I concentrations (0.032 M, 0.044 M and 0.063 M) were investigated. Strong variations in crystal size and morphology resulting in diversified cell efficiencies (9.2%, 16.9% and 12.3%, respectively) were observed. The physical origin of this behaviour was analysed by detailed characterization combining current-voltage curves with photo- and electroluminescence (PL and EL) imaging as well as light beam induced current measurements (LBIC). It was found that the most efficient cell shows the highest luminescence and the least efficient cell is most strongly limited by non-radiative recombination. Crystal size, morphology and distribution in the capping layer and in the porous scaffold strongly affect the non-radiative recombination. Moreover, the very non-uniform crystal structure with multiple facets, as evidenced by SEM images of the 0.032 M device, suggests the creation of a large number of grain boundaries and crystal dislocations. These defects give rise to increased trap-assisted non-radiative recombination as is confirmed by high-resolution μ-PL images. The different imaging techniques used in this study prove to be well-suited to spatially investigate and thus correlate the crystal morphology of the perovskite layer with the electrical and radiative properties of the solar cells and thus with their performance.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; 7(46). DOI:10.1039/c5nr05308k
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    ABSTRACT: Crystalline hybrid microspheres, encapsulating a Au nanocore in the hollow cavity of a hairy semiconductor TiO2 shell (Au@air@TiO2-h microspheres) were prepared using template-assisted synthesis methods. The as-prepared microspheres are dispersed into a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) matrix and used as a memory active layer. The electrical rewritable memory effects of Al/[Au@air@TiO2-h + P3HT]/ITO sandwich devices can be effectively and exactly controlled by tuning the microsphere content in the electroactive layer. To clarify the switching mechanism, different components in the device, such as P3HT and the microspheres, have been investigated. And it was determined that the switching mechanism can be attributed to the formation and rupture of oxygen vacancy filaments. These results suggest that the Au@air@TiO2-h microspheres are potentially capable of high density data storage. In addition, this finding could provide important guidelines for the reproducibility of nanocomposite-based memory devices and is helpful to demonstrate the switching mechanism of these devices.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; 7(46). DOI:10.1039/c5nr05835j
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    ABSTRACT: Biomolecule-functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been studied vastly in recent years due to their potential applications for instance in cancer detection, purification and separation of CNTs, and nanoelectronics. Studying the electrostatic potential generated by a biomolecule-CNT hybrid is important in predicting its interactions with the surrounding environment such as charged particles and surfaces. In this paper, we performed atomistic simulations using a QM:MM approach to evaluate the electrostatic potential and charge transfer for a hybrid structure formed by a DNA nucleotide and a CNT in solution. Four types of DNA nucleotides and two CNTs with chiralities of (4,4) and (7,0) were considered. The types of nucleotides and CNTs were both found to play important roles in the electrostatic potential and charge transfer of the hybrid. At the same distance from the CNT axis, the electrostatic potential for the nucleotide-(4,4) CNT hybrids was found to be stronger compared with that for the nucleotide-(7,0) CNT hybrids. Higher electric charge was also shown to be transferred from the DNA nucleotides to the (7,0) CNT compared with the (4,4) CNT. These results correlate with the previous finding that the nucleotides bound more tightly to the (7,0) CNT compared with the (4,4) CNT.
    Nanoscale 11/2015; 7(46). DOI:10.1039/c5nr03665h