Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry

Publisher: Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Medknow Publications


Journal of Indian society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry-JISPPD is official publication of the Indian society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. The journal is published quarterly in March, June, September and December.

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    Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry (Online), Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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Medknow Publications

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Very few publications report on the relationship between 'salutogenesis', as measured by the concept of Sense of Coherence (SOC), and generally speaking an individual's overall oral health- related quality of life (OHRQL). To add to this, there is even lesser information regarding the behavioral aspect of dental anxiety. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between dental anxiety, SOC and dental caries in school children from Bangalore North. The study had a sample of 529 children from various schools, age between 12-16 in Bangalore north. The study comprised of 17 questions which were handed over to them; and upon receival of the questionnaire the respective decayed, missing, filled tooth surfaces index (DMFS) score was checked which was then compared with dental anxiety and SOC. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) F-test and multiple comparison procedures (MCPs). High dental anxiety predicted high dental caries index and low SOC predicted high dental caries index in association with advancing children's age from 12-16 years. Dental anxiety had a direct relationship with dental caries and SOC had an inverse relationship with dental caries.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):15-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Radicular cysts are the most common odontogenic cystic lesions of inflammatory origin. Large radicular cyst is comparatively less frequently associated with primary teeth. They represent only 0.5-3.3% of the total number of cysts in primary dentition. Radicular cysts arising from deciduous teeth are reported to occur in age range of 3-19 years with a male predominance. Although large radicular cysts are treated by enucleation with extensive removal of bone and vital teeth, marsupialization can be preferred as a conservative approach to reduce the morbidity. The purpose of this article is to report a case series of large radicular cysts associated with badly mutilated and traumatized primary teeth and to demonstrate how best they can be conservatively treated during mixed dentition period.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):53-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of an endo-perio lesion involving a non-vital young permanent tooth is a highly challenging task to Pediatric Dentists. There is a quest for the newer biological approach to management of these lesions as traditional methods have various disadvantages. Recently, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), a second-generation platelet concentrate, is rich in growth factors have been used in the periodontal regeneration procedure. The purpose of this paper is to describe the efficacy of PRF in the treatment of a deep intra bony defect associated with an endo-perio lesion in an immature right mandibular first premolar of 12-year-old female patient. A freshly prepared autologous PRF membrane was placed in the bony defect following debridement. Clinical and radiographic follow-up were performed at regular intervals that revealed absence of pain, gain in clinical attachment level, reduction in probing depth, and excellent bone regeneration indicating successful outcome.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):69-73.
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term for a group of conditions characterized essentially by motor dysfunctions that may be associated with sensory or cognitive impairment. Such children tend to have a higher incidence of traumatic dental injuries than the general population. This increased incidence is often attributed to poor muscular co-ordination that predisposes individuals with Cerebral palsy to trauma Aim: The study was conducted to assess different dental injuries and the risk factors for dental trauma to occur in patients with cerebral palsy. The study comprised 70 children and adolescents with cerebral palsy attending special school in Durg and Bhilai city between 7 and 18 years of age. Dentinal fracture was seen in 40% of cases. Few cases had tooth displacement, discoloration, and pulpal involvement. Dentists should be well aware of the possible dental injuries in such patients. Preventive measure measures should be taken by health care provider to reduce traumatic exposure.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):25-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Leopard syndrome is a rare genetic disease complex associated with multiple anomalies. The main anomalies are summarized in the acronym LEOPARD in which each letter corresponds to mnemonic for the major features of this disorder:multiple Lentigines, ECG conduction abnormalities, Ocular hypertelorism, Pulmonic stenosis, Abnormal genitalia, Retardation of growth, and sensory neural Deafness. A Four year old male patient reported with the chief complaint of decayed anterior tooth without any relevant past medical history. Based on the clinical features; the child was subjected to genetic and general physical appraisal which helped in identifying Leopard syndrome. A multidisciplinary approach by the pedodontist and medical consultants aided in the identification and management of this rare syndrome. LEOPARD syndrome has been rarely reported in the diseases associated with oro-dental or craniofacial anomalies. In this case report we describe these anomalies and discuss the relationship between them and the proposed etiology of the disease.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):57-60.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this in vitro study is to evaluate the remineralizing potential of commercially available low fluoride child formula dentifrice on primary teeth. Total 30 primary teeth were placed in demineralizing solution for 96 hours to produce artificial carious lesions of approximately 100 μm depth, and then cut longitudinally into 30 sections of 100-150 μm thickness and randomly assigned to three groups. Sections were treated with dentifrices containing Colgate ® (anti tooth decay) 500 ppm NaF, Cheerio gel ® 458 ppm MFP and Vicco ® non-fluoridated dentifrice. Lesions were evaluated using polarized light microscopy. Colgate ® (anti tooth decay) 500 ppm NaF sections exhibited a statistically significant decrease in lesion depth (P < 0.05, paired t-test), whereas those in Cheerio gel ® 458 ppm MFP showed a decrease in lesion depth but was not statistically significant. Vicco ® non-fluoridated dentifrice showed increase in lesion depth. A paired t-test is used to evaluate pre- and post-treatment lesion depth measurements, and Newman-Keuls multiple post hoc procedures was carried out to compare pair-wise difference of pre- and post-treatment lesion depth. The Colgate ® (anti tooth decay) 500 ppm NaF dentifrice and Cheerio gel ® 458 ppm MFP demonstrated remineralization of carious lesions by virtue of decrease in lesion depth, whereas Vicco ® non-fluoridated dentifrice showed increase in lesion depth.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):28-34.
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    ABSTRACT: Proper positioning of the child patient, can not only have positive ramifications for the operator's posture, comfort, and career longevity - it can also lead to better treatment and increased productivity. The aim of the survey questionnaire was to assess the utilization, need, and attitude concerning dental chairs among pediatric dentist while working on and managing the child patient. The questions were structured using adobe forms central online software, regarding the user-friendliness of pediatric dental chair vs. traditional adult dental chair available in the market. Our result shows that out of 337 respondents, 79% worked on pediatric dental chair, whereas 21% had no experience of it. Of these 79% pediatric dentist, 48% preferred pediatric dental chair. But pediatric dental problem still has certain disadvantages like higher cost, leg space problem, lower availability, etc. During the research it was found that ergonomics and usability issues were the main problems. Thus, pediatric dental chair is not so popular in the current scenario. This study allowed for general ideas for the improvement of dental chairs and thus improved dental chair would fill the gap in the current scenario.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):35-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis and treatment of deep neck infections is still an enigma for surgeons and physicians. Because of the complexity and the deep location of this region, the diagnosis and treatment in this area is difficult. The anatomy of deep neck spaces is highly complex and therefore precise localization of infections in this region is very difficult. The diagnoses of deep neck space infection (DNSI) are difficult because of the deep location of these spaces and are usually covered by substantial amount of normal superficial soft tissue. Access: To gain surgical access to the deep neck spaces, the superficial tissues must be crossed with the risk of injury to the neurovascular structures in the neck. Neural dysfunction, vascular erosion or thrombosis, and osteomyelitis are some of the complications of DNSI because of the proximity of nerves, vessels, bones, and other soft tissues. Deep neck spaces are communicated with each other and infections from one space can spread to adjacent space. DNSI, if not diagnosed early and promptly, may result in serious consequences even mortality. The treatment of DNSI with antibiotic therapy and drainage is most often definitive and recurrence of these cases is rare.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):61-5.
  • Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):1-2.
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    ABSTRACT: A 6-year 8-month-old girl presented with a moderate Class III malocclusion characterized by mid-face deficiency and an anterior cross bite. In the first phase, the patient was treated with combination of reverse twin block and facemask therapy. In phase two, fixed appliances were placed in the permanent dentition. The post treatment results were good and a favorable growth tendency could be observed. The correction of the Class III malocclusion occurred by a combination of skeletal and dental improvements. This report shows successful correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion in the early transitional dentition using combination therapy.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):3-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the bond strengths of different adhesive materials, different tooth preparation designs and adhesive tooth preparation combinations to reattach fractured incisor fragments. The study sample comprised 48 intact human maxillary central incisors divided into two groups A and B. The incisal third was sectioned with a diamond disc. The teeth in Group A were reattached with bonding agent and in Group B with resin luting cement. The teeth in each Group were further divided into three sub-groups based on the preparation designs viz., simple attachment, chamfer on labial surface, groove with shoulder on labial surface and restored with nano-composite. Shear Bond Strength was calculated by applying load incisal to the fracture line. T-test and one-way ANOVA were used to evaluate the bond strength between the groups and within the group respectively. Reattachment with resin luting cement showed high bond strength compared to bonding agent (P < 0.05). Within the subgroups 'groove with shoulder' showed better bond strength compared to simple attachment and chamfer and the result was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Reattachment of fractured fragments can be considered as a good alternative treatment option when the fragment is available.Reattachment with resin luting cement and the preparation design of "groove with shoulder" showed better results.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):40-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Dental anxiety assessment for young children is as important as performing their treatment. Appropriate knowledge of patient's anxiety boosts confidence and will help us to review potential management options specific to every child. This study aimed to validate (RMS) Pictorial Scale (RMS-PS) and to compare it with Venham Picture Test (VPT) and Facial image scale (FIS) in measuring dental anxiety for young children during their first dental visit. A total of 102 healthy children aged between 4 and 14 years during their first dental visit were randomly selected for the study. Childs anxiety level was measured using three different scales namely (i) RMS-PS (ii) VPT, and (iii) FIS. Student t test was used to compare the scores obtained from all the three scales. Pearson correlation test was used to obtain correlation among the scales used in the study. A strong correlation (0·76) was found between the VPT and RMS-PS, and a moderate correlation (0.5) was found between RMS-PS and FIS, indicating good validity for the RMS-PS. The findings of this study suggest that the RMS-PS can be a newer and easiest means for the assessment of dental anxiety for young children in a clinical context.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):48-52.
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    ABSTRACT: Santal is the third largest tribal community of India leading a very poor standard of education and life style. There are, however, few population-based studies evaluating the oral health status among Santal children in West Bengal. The aim of the study was to evaluate the oral health status of Santal children of West Bengal by assessing prevalence of dental caries and inflammatory condition of gingival. Santal children aged between 2-14 years (N = 1205) were randomly selected from different Santal communities of West Bengal for this study. The children were divided into three different groups according to dentition. Caries for permanent dentition Decayed Missing Filled Tooth (DMFT), for deciduous dentition decayed extracted filled (def index was used. For mixed dentition DMF and def was measured respectively and then added together. Inflammatory condition of gingival was assessed by papillary marginal attachment (PMA) index. the data was analyzed statistically by SPSS software version 11. The study showed there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) between the average decayed extracted filled teeth (deft)/DMFT for boys and girls in deciduous and permanent dentition. But in mixed dentition this value for the boys was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than girls. 'Z' values were found to be non significant when compared mild, moderate and severe gingivitis between boys and girls in each dentition group, but mild gingivitis significantly increases from deciduous dentition to mixed to permanent dentition (P <0.001).
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):44-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP) is a multisystem genodermatosis characterized by cutaneous, neurologic, ophthalmologic, and dental abnormalities. This article reports the clinical features and management of a 4-year-old girl diagnosed with IP.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):74-7.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to compare the diagnostic outcome of the WHO criteria, ICDAS-II criteria and laser fluorescence measurements in measuring the caries ratings of children. Cross-sectional study. The study involved 31 children between 3 and 14 years of age, attending the Department of Pedodontics at Maulana Azad College of Dental Sciences, New Delhi. The surface-related caries status was registered according to the WHO basic method criteria (1997). Additionally, the ICDAS-II visual criteria and the DIAGNOdent readings were documented. The data were analysed with ezANOVA and Excel 2000 (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, USA). The mean ICDAS-II values amounted to 8.76 ± 0.72. The mean values for DMFS/def were 7.67 ± 0.91, whereas for DIAGNOdent it amounted to 4.00 ± 0.62. In conclusion, this study showed the diagnostic potential of the ICDAS-II criteria in comparison to the traditional WHO criteria by means of the non-cavitated caries lesions additionally detected. The DIAGNOdent use in field studies that already apply detailed visual criteria seems to bring limited additional information.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 01/2015; 33(1):10-4.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to evaluate the sterility and structural integrity of stored primary teeth in artificial saliva over a storage period of 12 weeks (3 months) in human tooth bank (HTB).
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 10/2014; 32(4):279-85.
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    ABSTRACT: A child born with cleft palate may experience difficulties while feeding. Early surgical treatment may need to be postponed until certain age and weight gain of the infant. The case presented here is of a 1-month-old neonate born with cleft palate, assisted with a new feeding appliance made with ethylene vinyl acetate using pressure molding technique to aid in proper feeding. The patient's weight and health significantly improved after the insertion of obturator. The advantages of this material included being lightweight, moldability, good palatal fit and decreased soft tissue injury.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 10/2014; 32(4):338-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) are seen to have reduced airway size and large adenoids, which might lead to different characteristics in the upper airway and surrounding tissues from both morphological and functional perspectives. Decrease in adenoid size and increase in need ratio in cleft patients might lead to velopharyngeal incompetency (VPI) and development of nasality in adulthood. No studies have been conducted on the Indian population with variables contributing to VPI. So the aim was to evaluate the size and position of the adenoids, upper airway, maxilla, velum length and need ratio contributing to VPI in subjects with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) during juvenile and adolescent stages.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 10/2014; 32(4):297-303.
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    ABSTRACT: Trauma to the oro-facial structures in children is different from trauma in adults. There are several points of differentiation between the two, the most important being growth.
    Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 10/2014; 32(4):353-6.