Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 1.22

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.22
2012 Impact Factor 1.277
2011 Impact Factor 1.278
2010 Impact Factor 1.004
2009 Impact Factor 1.412
2008 Impact Factor 1.653
2006 Impact Factor 1.366
2005 Impact Factor 1.349

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.28
Cited half-life 4.40
Immediacy index 0.10
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.28
ISSN 1976-3816
OCLC 220882822
Material type Series, Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, volatile fatty acids (VFAs), which are by-products from anaerobic fermentations, have been used as the carbon source for polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production by pure culture bacteria, Cupriavidus necator. A number of factors influence the conversion efficiencies of VFAs to PHAs including the bacterial feeding regimes. When VFA was supplied as a single feed, it was found that concentrations higher than 2% v/v VFA led to substrate inhibition and only 18% acetic acid and 12% of butyric acid was converted into PHA. This resulted in less than 65% (w/w) of PHA content within the microbial cells. Hence, the single VFA feeding strategy was found to provide low conversion rates of VFA into polymer. An improved feeding strategy was found to be the use of an automatic VFA feed based on the pH control of the medium, which led to a more continuous feeding regime. The conversion of VFA to PHA was increased by almost 2-fold to 33 and 22% for acetic acid and butyric acid respectively, with up to 75% (w/w) of PHA resultant within the microbial cells.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 11/2014; 19(6):989-995. DOI:10.1007/s12257-014-0144-z
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    ABSTRACT: The fight against biological warfare has prompted investigation of the chemistry and exothermic energy from energetic material reactions as a means for the neutralization of bacterial spores. The interaction between energetic reactions containing biocides and spore forming bacteria is not well understood. The goal of this work is to fundamentally examine the mechanisms of neutralization for Bacillus thuringiensis utilizing a halogenated energetic material reaction. Spore neutralization is attributed to a thermal effect from the reaction heat and the associated chemical influence of the halogen gas (i.e., produced from combustion). Results show heat transfer in the spore enhances the effectiveness of the halogen gas in the neutralization process and that elevated temperatures increase spore permeability, facilitating gas penetration and accelerating spore neutralization. Based on experimental results, a mathematical model was developed to predict spore behavior during reaction exposure over varying time scales. In the millisecond range, the model showed that the coupled thermal-biocidal gas mechanism will require elevated temperatures of 360A degrees C to produce 80% neutralization in tens of milliseconds while thermal conditions alone would require nearly 1,000A degrees C for the same neutralization. These results provide molecular-level insights into the components underpinning biological processes leading to spore neutralization.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 09/2013; 18(5-5):918-925. DOI:10.1007/s12257-013-0323-3
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    ABSTRACT: Laccases catalyse the oxidation of a wide range of substrates by a radical-catalyzed reaction mechanism, with a corresponding reduction of oxygen to water in a four-electron transfer process. Due to that, laccases are considered environmentally friendly enzymes, and lately there has been great interest in their use for the transformation and degradation of phenolic compounds. In this work, enzymatic oxidation of catechol and L-DOPA using commercial laccase from Trametes versicolor was performed, in continuously operated microreactors. The main focus of this investigation was to develop a new process for phenolic compounds oxidation, by application of microreactors. For a residence time of 72 s and an inlet oxygen concentration of 0.271 mmol/dm3, catechol conversion of 41.3% was achieved, while approximately the same conversion of L-DOPA (45.0%) was achieved for an inlet oxygen concentration of 0.544 mmol/dm3. The efficiency of microreactor usage for phenolic compounds oxidation was confirmed by calculating the oxidation rates ; in the case of catechol oxidation, oxidation rates were in the range from 76.101 to 703.935 g/dm3/d (18–167 fold higher, compared to the case in a macroreactor). To better describe the proposed process, kinetic parameters of catechol oxidation were estimated, using data collected from experiments performed in a microreactor. The maximum reaction rate estimated in microreactor experiments was two times higher than one estimated using the initial reaction rate method from experiments performed in a cuvette. A mathematical model of the process was developed, and validated, using data from independent experiments.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 08/2013; 18(4):686/696. DOI:10.1007/s12257-012-0688-8
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    ABSTRACT: A series of naphthoquinone-benzothiazole conjugates were synthesized as algicides, and their efficacies against harmful algal blooming species, such as Chattonella marina, Heterosigma akashiwo and Cochlodinium polykrikoides, were examined. The introduction of substituted benzothiazole at the C2 position of 1,4-naphthoquinone (compounds 1–9) resulted in higher algicidal activity against C. polykrikoides than the C6 conjugates (compounds 10– 20). On the other hand, of the C6 conjugates, compounds 11 and 12 exhibited better algicidal activity against H. akashiwo, C. marina, and C. polykrikoides than the C2 conjugates. Further structure-activity analysis indicated that a replacement of the methoxy groups with hydroxyl groups (compounds 21–26) decreased the algicidal activity significantly. Among the various synthetic naphthoquinonebezothiazole conjugates tested, compound 12 was found to affect the most significant decrease in the level of C. polykrikoides growth, with an IC50 of 0.19 μM. Compound 11 was found to be the most potent inhibitor against H. akashiwo and C. polykrikoides, with IC50 values of 0.32 and 0.12 μM, respectively. Overall, these results highlight a possible method for controlling and inhibiting red tide forming algae using NQ derivatives.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 06/2013; 8(5):932. DOI:10.1007/s12257-013-0284-6
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    ABSTRACT: In order to offer the ability of smaller volumes and high throughput in Lab-On-a-Chip and micro Total Analysis Systems devices, more miniaturized components are needed. Due to a low Reynolds number on the microscale, the mixing process can be particularly troublesome. This problem is compounded by the fact that more miniaturization can be challenging in a microfluidic system. In such a case, electroosmotic (EO) force is an efficient force to perturb low Reynolds number fluid. In this paper, a novel Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems (MEMS) based fabrication for microfluidic devices, and a more miniaturized micromixer are presented. The proposed technology process requires the covering of excited electrode patterns by a thin Silicon-Nitride (Si3N4) insulator layer. Fabrication parameters such as Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition (LPCVD) Si3N4 deposition effect, and height of the Phosphor Silicate Glass (PSG) sacrificial layer were investigated for the electroosmotically-driven mixer. Particle tracing for fluid flow was illustrated, the particles were stretched and folded for a long time, which was a proof of chaotic regime. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) revealed that the mixer with covered electrodes provides the high mixing efficiency of above 90% for a 96 μm long microchannel. Using a silicon nitride insulator layer reduces high electric field gradient at sharp corners and edges of the electrodes, leading to the elimination of unwanted electrolyte effects. Thus, the excitation and geometrical parameters were optimized for the micromixer.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 06/2013; 18(3):594-605. DOI:10.1007/s12257-012-0431-5
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclocarya paliurus is a unique plant growing in central China with hypoglycaemic and hypolipaemia effects. To make better use of this functional food resource, cell suspension cultures and triterpenic acid accumulation were studied. Stable and uniform cell suspension cultures were established in liquid basal Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (0.5 mg/L), naphthalene acetic acid (0.3 mg/L) and cytokinin (1.0 mg/L). According to the growth curve and triterpenic acid accumulation curve, the 8 ∼ 10th day postinoculation was the optimum time for subculture, and the 14th day was the optimum time for harvest. Murashige and Skoog medium and woody plant medium were suitable for both cell growth and triterpenic acid accumulation. 3% sucrose (w/v), 60 mM total nitrogen (NO3−/NH4+ = 2/1), 1.25 mM KH2PO4, 2 mM CaCl2, and 2 mM MgSO4 were all found to be fit for cell growth and triterpenic acid accumulation in a cell suspension culture of Cyclocarya paliurus. Total triterpenic acid, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid content in suspended cultured cells were all significantly higher than that of leaves and calluses (P ⩽ 0.01), with levels up to 6.24, 2.28, and 0.94% (of dry weight), respectively. The betulinic acid content of suspended cultured cells also reached 0.82%, which was significantly higher than that of calluses. These results suggest that suspended cultured cells of Cyclocarya paliurus were rich in triterpenic acids and could be used for the production of total triterpenic acid, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid and betulinic acid.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 06/2013; 18(3):606-614. DOI:10.1007/s12257-012-0751-5