Yonsei medical journal

Description

  • Impact factor
    0.77
  • 5-year impact
    0.95
  • Cited half-life
    5.90
  • Immediacy index
    0.04
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.27
  • ISSN
    1976-2437

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare survival of patients with uterine sarcomas using the 1988 and 2008 International Federation of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (FIGO) staging systems to determine if revised 2008 staging accurately predicts patient survival. A total of 83 patients with leiomyosarcoma and endometrial stromal sarcoma treated at Yonsei University Health System between March of 1989 and November of 2009 were reviewed. The prognostic validity of both FIGO staging systems, as well as other factors was analyzed. Leiomyosarcoma and endometrial stromal sarcoma comprised 47.0% and 53.0% of this study population, respectively. Using the new staging system, 43 (67.2%) of 64 eligible patients were reclassified. Among those 64 patients, 45 (70.3%) patients with limited uterine corpus involvement were divided into stage IA (n=14) and IB (n=31). Univariate analysis demonstrated a significant difference between stages I and II and the other stages in both staging systems (p<0.001) with respect to progression-free survival and overall survival (OS). Age, menopausal status, tumor size, and cell type were significantly associated with OS (p=0.011, p=0.031, p=0.044, p=0.009, respectively). In multivariate analysis, revised FIGO stage greater than III was an independent poor prognostic factor with a hazard ratio of 9.06 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.49-33.0, p=0.001]. The 2008 FIGO staging system is more valid than the previous FIGO staging system for uterine sarcomas with respect to its ability to distinguish early-stage patients from advanced-stage patients.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):563-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the differences of expression in glycolysis-related proteins such as Glut-1, carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX, and monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 4 according to the myoepithelial cell (MEC) and basement membrane (BM) status in solid papillary carcinoma (SPC) of the breast. Immunohistochemical evaluation of Glut-1, CAIX, and MCT4, as well as p63 and type IV collagen, were performed on 23 SPC cases. Six and nine cases of SPC showed the presence and absence of myoepithelial cells, respectively, and eight cases belonged to the borderline status (p63-positive MEC on some areas of the outer tumor surface but not in others). BM was partially or completely absent in 14 cases and present in nine cases. SPC lacking BM more frequently showed high expression of CAIX than SPC with BM (p=0.037). In SPC of the breast, a strong expression of CAIX seems to be associated with an increasing degree of loss of BM, which can be interpreted as BM degradation due to the induction of extracellular acidity with increasing expression of CAIX.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):576-83.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the associations between cyberbullying behaviors and problematic internet use, and to compare psychopathologic symptoms in victims, perpetrators, and victims-perpetrators of cyberbullying to those in youths who were not involved in cyberbullying. A total of 4531 youths (11-14 years of age) were recruited from elementary and middle schools. Among 4531 youths, 9.7% were involved in cyberbullying; 3.3% were only victims; 3.4% were only perpetrators; and 3.0% were victims-perpetrators. Cyberbullying behaviors were associated with problematic internet use as well as various psychopathologic symptoms. Depressive symptoms were associated with cyberbullying victimization, and rule-breaking behaviors and aggressive behaviors have relevance to cyberbullying perpetration. Greater attention needs to be paid to identify youths earlier who are involved in cyberbullying and prevent serious adverse consequences in them.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):826-30.
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    ABSTRACT: Blastocyst transfer has been recommended to raise the implantation rate without affecting the pregnancy rate. The objective of this meta-analysis is to systematically evaluate whether the live birth rate and other pregnancy outcomes can be improved by blastocyst transfer compared with cleavage-stage embryos transfer. EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched for papers published between March 2004 and March 2013. An extensive range of the electronic databases yielded initially 317 studies from which seven trials met the inclusion criteria for further analysis. Our outcome measures were the live birth rate, clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, multiple pregnancy rate, first trimester miscarriage rate and ectopic pregnancy rate. Fixed effects models were chosen to calculate the odds ratio (OR). Seven trials (n=1446 cases) were finally analyzed. Compared with cleavage-stage embryos transfer, the blastocyst transfer was statistically significantly associated with an increase in clinical pregnancy rate [OR 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15-1.78], implantation rate (OR 1.38; 95% CI, 1.09-1.74) and ongoing pregnancy rate (OR 2.15; 95% CI, 1.57-2.94), and also a reduction in the probability of first trimester miscarriage rate (OR 0.51; 95% CI, 0.30-0.87). The improvement in the live birth rate was also observed (OR 1.77; 95% CI, 1.32-2.37). Moreover, there was no evidence of difference in multiple pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy rates. The available evidences suggest that live birth and other pregnancy outcomes after fresh in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) are significantly improved following blastocyst transfer as compared to cleavage-stage embryo transfer.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):815-25.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate the characteristics of Korean adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) patients. We retrospectively selected 12 Korean AMN patients diagnosed by clinical analysis and increased plasma content of very long chain fatty acids. All 12 patients were men. Patient ages at symptom onset ranged from 18 to 55 years. Family history was positive in two patients. The phenotype distributions consisted of AMN without cerebral involvement in seven patients, AMN with cerebral involvement in two patients, and the spinocerebellar phenotype in three patients. Nerve conduction studies revealed abnormalities in four patients and visual evoked tests revealed abnormalities in three patients. Somatosensory evoked potential tests revealed central conduction defects in all of the tested patients. Spinal MRI showed diffuse cord atrophy or subtle signal changes in all 12 patients. Brain MRI findings were abnormal in six of the nine tested patients. These brain abnormalities reflected the clinical phenotypes. Mutational analysis identified nine different ABCD1 mutations in 10 of 11 tested patients. Among them, nine have been previously reported and shown to be associated with various phenotypes; one was a novel mutation. In conclusion, the present study is the first to report on the clinical and mutational spectrum of Korean AMN patients, and confirms various clinical presentations and the usefulness of brain MRI scan.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):676-82.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the therapeutic effectiveness of ultrasound (US)-guided trigger point injection for myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the internal rotator muscles of the shoulder in post-mastectomy patients. This pilot study was a non-controlled, prospective, clinical trial. Nineteen post-mastectomy patients with a diagnosis of at least one active MTrP in the subscapularis and/or pectoralis muscles were included. We performed trigger point injections into the subscapularis muscle deep behind the scapula as well as the pectoralis muscle for diagnostic and therapeutic purpose by the newly developed US-guided method. Visual analogue scale and range of motion of the shoulder for external rotation and of abduction showed significant improvement immediately after the first injection and 3 months after the last injection compared with baseline (p<0.05 for both). Duration from onset to surgery and duration of myofascial pain syndrome in the good responder group were significantly shorter than in the bad responder group (p<0.05). Patients did not report any complications related to the procedure or serious adverse events attributable to the treatment. In post-mastectomy patients with shoulder pain, US-guided trigger point injections of the subscapularis and/or pectoralis muscles are effective for both diagnosis and treatment when the cause of shoulder pain is suspected to originate from active MTrPs in these muscles, particularly, the subscapularis.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):792-9.
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that insulin resistance, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and glycaemic exposure Index are independently associated with peripheral neuropathy in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We followed the patients who participated in that study in 2006 for another 6 years to determine the relationship between insulin resistance and neuropathy. This study involved 48 of the original 86 Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were referred to the Neurology clinic for the assessment of diabetic neuropathy from January 2006 to December 2006. These 48 patients received management for glycaemic control and prevention of diabetic complications in the outpatient clinic up to 2012. We reviewed blood test results and the nerve conduction study findings of these patients, taken over a 6-year period. Low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides significantly influenced the development of diabetic neuropathy. Kitt value (1/insulin resistance) in the previous study affected the occurrence of neuropathy, despite adequate glycaemic control with HbA1c <7%. Insulin resistance affected the development of diabetic neuropathy after 6 years: insulin resistance in 2006 showed a positive correlation with a change in sural sensory nerve action potential in 2012. Diabetic neuropathy can be affected by previous insulin resistance despite regular glycaemic control. Dyslipidaemia should be controlled in patients who show high insulin resistance because HDL cholesterol and triglycerides are strongly correlated with later development of diabetic neuropathy.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):700-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Acute vanishing bile duct syndrome, a rare but rapidly progressive destruction of the intrahepatic bile ducts with unknown pathogenesis, is most often a drug- or toxin-related. Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a serious dermatologic condition and a potentially life threatening disease, which is drug or infection induced. Ibuprofen associated acute vanishing bile duct syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis have not been reported previously in infants. We report a 7-month-old infant with ibuprofen associated toxic epidermal necrolysis, followed by severe and rapidly progressive vanishing bile duct syndrome. She recovered totally with supportive care.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):834-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Target-controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil can suppress coughing during emergence from general anesthesia; nevertheless, previous studies under different clinical conditions recommend significantly different effective effect-site concentrations (effective Ce) of remifentanil for 50% of patients (EC₅₀). The differences among these studies include type of surgery and patient sex. In recent years, study of sex differences in regards to anesthetic pharmacology has drawn greater interest. Accordingly, we attempted to determine the effective Ce of remifentanil for preventing cough for each sex under the same clinical conditions. Twenty female and 25 male ASA physical status I-II grade patients between the ages of 20 and 46 years who were undergoing thyroidectomy were enrolled in this study. The effective Ce of remifentanil for preventing cough was determined for each sex using the isotonic regression method with a bootstrapping approach, following Dixon's up-and-down method. Isotonic regression with a bootstrapping approach revealed that the estimated EC₅₀ of remifentanil for preventing coughing during emergence was significantly lower in females {1.30 ng/mL [83% confidence interval (CI), 1.20-1.47 ng/mL]} than in males [2.57 ng/mL (83% CI, 2.45-2.70 ng/mL)]. Mean EC₅₀ in females was also significantly lower than in males (1.23±0.21 ng/mL vs. 2.43±0.21 ng/mL, p<0.001). Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate over time were not significantly different between the sexes. When using remifentanil TCI for cough prevention during anesthetic emergence, patient sex should be a considered for appropriate dosing.
    Yonsei medical journal 05/2014; 55(3):807-14.