IEEE Photonics Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.33

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.33
2012 Impact Factor 2.356
2011 Impact Factor 2.32
2010 Impact Factor 2.344

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.52
Cited half-life 1.90
Immediacy index 0.44
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.91
Other titles Photonics journal, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers photonics journal
ISSN 1943-0655
OCLC 232664463
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • Author's pre-print on Author's personal website, employers website or publicly accessible server
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    • Author's pre-print must be accompanied with set-phrase, when accepted by IEEE for publication ("(c) 20xx IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.")
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    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Creative Commons Attribution License is available if required by funding agency
    • All titles are open access journals
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel scheme of a highly stable dual-wavelength short optical pulse source (SOPS) based on a dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) with two wavelengths is demonstrated. The structure of the dual-loop OEO with two wavelengths can suppress the random beating noise effectively and generate the microwave signal with low phase noise ( 122.4 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz) . It consists of two directly modulated lasers and a phase modulator (PM) . The light that is directly modulated by the large signal generated from the OEO is injected into the PM to achieve remarkable chirp. Then, by optimizing the length of the dispersion compensating fiber, the optical pulses are further compressed. In the experiment, the SOPS with dual wavelengths is generated simultaneously. The repetition rate, pulse width, and timing jitter of the SOPS are 10 GHz, 2.9 ps, and 12.5 fs, respectively. In particular, the loop drift of the OEO is effectively compensated by fiber stretchers using phase-locked-loop technology. The frequency drift of the microwave signal is less than 73.3 mHz for a long-term measurement with a duration of 1 h. Therefore, the long-term stability of SOPS is guaranteed.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 08/2015; 7(4):1-11. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2445095
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate a linear cavity wideband multiwavelength fiber-based optical parametric oscillator consisting of four fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). The FBGs center wavelength are chosen such that they are 3.2 THz (26 nm) and 14.3 THz (115 nm) away from the parametric pump wavelength, with each located in the dominant region of parametric and Raman gain respectively. Investigation shows that interplay between the lasing processes from the parametric and Raman gain region can be carefully adjusted to produce MW lasers spanning from 1436 to 1704 nm, with signal-to-noise ratio ranging from 14.3 dB to 54.0 dB.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 08/2015; 7(4):1-1. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2438443
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The dynamic refractive-index-change behavior of the light-induced process in an Mn:Fe:KTN crystal illuminated by a focused light sheet can be observed experimentally by digital holographic interferometry. By numerically retrieving a series of sequential phase maps from recording digital holograms, the spatial and temporal evolution of the light-induced refractive-index-change distribution inside the material is visualized in situ and monitored in a quantitative and in full field way. With this technique, the effect of recording parameters, such as writing laser power and polarization, bias voltage, temperature, and writing time, on the Mn:Fe:KTN crystal in the photorefractive effect can be explored. Therefore, optimized recording parameters will be achieved according to the dynamic behavior. The method provides an access to explore the evolution of the photorefractive (PR) effect of electrooptic crystal under various situations.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 08/2015; 7(4):1-11. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2438444
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We proposed and experimentally demonstrated a programmable optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) monitoring scheme by using linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating (LCFBG) and a commercial thermal printer head. For the coherent optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) transmission system, the monitor's working wavelength can be flexibly software-controlled from 1530 to 1538 nm to support standard ITU-T grid or flex-grid operation. The linear OSNR monitoring range has been achieved from 9 to 26 dB for a 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) OFDM transmission system with negligible errors, respectively. Neither chromatic dispersion nor polarization mode dispersion affect the monitoring accuracy of our system.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 08/2015; 7(4):1-8. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2445827
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The performances of the decode-and-forward (DF) multihop free-space optical communication system with exponentiated Weibull distribution considering the fading induced by pointing error have been studied. With Meijer's G-function, the probability density function (PDF) of the aggregated channel model and the closed-form expression for the average bit error rate (ABER) of binary pulse position modulation are derived. The average bit-error-rate performance is then investigated with different hop numbers $H$, turbulence strength values, receiver aperture sizes, beamwidths, and jitter variances. Compared with the case without pointing error, the mitigation effect of aperture averaging for fading is more significant over the aggregated channel, regardless of the selected $H$, and it is less effective for the degradation induced by the increase in $H$, which can be restrained by larger beamwidth and lower jitter. The outage probability is also investigated, and the results show that aperture averaging has less of an effect on the outage probability under moderate turbulence than that under the weak turbulence condition at a given value of $H$, which is different from the scenario without pointing error. After this, the end-to-end average capacity is analyzed. Monte Carlo simulation is provided to confirm the validity of the proposed ABER expression.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 08/2015; 7(4):1-20. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2445765
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present two designs of all-solid photonic bandgap fiber (PBGF) for higher order bandgap suppression to realize a unique transmission window for optical filtering purposes. These two approaches are based on either applying a low-refractive-index core or a high-refractive-index background. This paper describes direct calculations of different modes in high-index rods in the all-solid PBGF using the antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide model for a double-cladded step index fiber. The flat-top single-band bandpass filter was obtained with potential center wavelength over ultraviolet, visible, and infrared regions. We achieve the single-band bandpass filter with minimum passband-to-rejection-band ratio of 20 dB in core power. From the calculated performance, both analytical and simulation results are in good agreement with confinement loss calculation.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-14. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2440756
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A common way of performing phase-shift-based time-of-flight imaging combines the emission of a continuous-wave (CW) illumination signal with correlation with some reference signals at the detector array. This is the case for the well-known photonic mixer device (PMD), which correlates against displaced versions of the illumination control signal, at known phase shifts, and requires only four correlation values to estimate the phase shift. The main drawback of such approaches is that they require the assumption of nonrealistic hypothesis regarding the sensing process, leading to simple sensing models that, despite allowing fast depth estimation from few acquisitions, often ignore relevant considerations for real operation, leaving the door open for systematic errors that affect the final depth accuracy. Typical examples are ignoring the effect of the illumination devices on the final shape of the illumination signal, supposing a sinusoidal reference signal at pixel level, or not accounting for multipath effects. In this work, we present a novel framework for PMD-based signal acquisition and recovery that exploits the sparsity of CW illumination signals in the frequency domain to provide accurate reconstruction of the illumination waveforms as received by the PMD pixels. Our method is extremely robust to signal distortion and noise, since no assumption is made on the illumination signal, other than being a periodic signal. Our approach ensures that no valuable information is lost during the sensing process and allows, therefore, accurate phase shift estimation in a wider range of operation conditions, getting rid of unrealistic assumptions.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-1. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2427747
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An equivalent-distributed coupling coefficient (EDCC) distributed feedback (DFB) semiconductor laser is proposed, and a four-channel EDCC DFB laser array is experimentally demonstrated. In this paper, the EDCC grating profile is realized by varying the duty cycle of a certain subsection of the whole sampled Bragg grating (SBG) along the laser cavity, instead of the true DCC structure obtained by changing the height of the uniform grating pitch. Moreover, the EDCC grating array can be designed by stepping the sampling period of the SBG and fabricated by combining the conventional holographic exposure with a micrometer-level photolithography on the same wafer. The experimental results show that the uniform channel spacing in the array has been obtained and that the residual of the lasing wavelengths after linear fitting changes in the scope of 0.078 and 0.048 nm. Each laser has good single longitudinal mode operation with the minimum side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of about 47.65 dB and the average SMSR of 49.83 dB under the same injection current of 80 mA.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-1. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2420621
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coherently coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays exhibit novel optical properties, which can be exploited for applications. After a brief review of prior semiconductor optically coupled microcavity laser arrays, we discuss recent advances in photonic crystal implanted vertical-cavity laser arrays. We report the ability to tune these VCSEL arrays with appropriate geometry into coherence by ensuring spectral overlap between the resonance of each element of the array. Using the independent current injection into the elements of the coherently coupled array, the relative phase of the array elements and the output beam coherence can be tuned. Coherently coupled microcavity arrays are shown to offer the potential for ultrahigh-speed digital modulation.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-5. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2411221
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new method based on the laser diode self-mixing interference effect for refractive index measurement is demonstrated. It employs a simple translation method to measure the optical phase shift as a function of the moving distance of the sample. The refractive index is determined by analyzing a fringe number of self-mixing signals with respect to the moving distance and the incidence angle, with an experimental accuracy of 0.004. Interestingly, the setting error of the proposed system can be effectively decreased by modifying the incidence angle. This method also shows the advantage of a large measurable range of the refractive index.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-1. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2431256
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Modern computing and data storage systems increasingly rely on parallel architectures. The necessity for high-bandwidth data links has made optical communication a critical constituent of modern information systems and silicon the leading platform for creating the necessary optical components. While silicon is arguably the most extensively studied material in history, one of its most important attributes, i.e., an analysis of its capacity to carry optical information, has not been reported. The calculation of the information capacity of silicon is complicated by nonlinear losses, which are phenomena that emerge in optical nanowires as a result of the concentration of optical power in a small geometry. While nonlinear loss in silicon is well known, noise and fluctuations that arise from it have never been considered. Here, we report fluctuations that arise from two-photon absorption, plasma effect, cross-phase modulation, and four-wave mixing and investigate their role in limiting the information capacity of silicon. We show that these fluctuations become significant and limit the capacity well before nonlinear processes affect optical transmission. We present closed-form analytical expressions that quantify the capacity and provide an intuitive understanding of the underlying physics.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-1. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2427741
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A stable single-polarization narrow linewidth single-frequency distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser is proposed and demonstrated. For the first time, to our knowledge, the tapered FBG written in the photosensitive large-mode-area (LMA) high-concentration erbium-doped fiber (EDF) is applied in the DFB fiber laser. Self-injection locking is used to make the proposed DFB fiber laser operate in the stable single-polarization state and reduce the linewidth of the DFB fiber laser. The LMA high-concentration EDF is fabricated by the modified chemical vapor deposition technique. The tapered FBG can be seen as the equivalent phase shift FBG, and the equivalent phase shift is produced by tapering the uniform FBG directly. The threshold of the DFB fiber laser is about 145 mW, and the maximum output power is 43.55 mW at 450-mW pump power. The measured and modified slope efficiencies of the DFB fiber laser are approximately 14.27% and 15.82%, and the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the laser is over 55 dB. The stable single-polarization and single-frequency operation of the fiber laser is realized, and the measured 20-dB linewidth of DFB fiber laser with self-injection locking and without self-injection locking are approximately 10.3 and 52.3 kHz, respectively.
    IEEE Photonics Journal 06/2015; 7(3):1-9. DOI:10.1109/JPHOT.2015.2426871