Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging

Publisher: American Heart Association, American Heart Association

Journal description

Current impact factor: 5.80

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2011 Impact Factor 5.941

Additional details

5-year impact 6.58
Cited half-life 2.60
Immediacy index 1.18
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 2.75
Other titles Circulation / Cardiovascular imaging., Cardiovascular imaging
ISSN 1942-0080
OCLC 316253218
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

American Heart Association

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • If required by funding agency or institutional policy
    • 6 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On Institutional repository or funding agency repository
    • On a non-profit server
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher will automatically deposit authors post-print in PubMed Central for NIH funded authors after 12 months
    • Publisher will automatically deposit authors post-print in PubMed Central for HHMI and Wellcome Trust funded authors after 6 months
    • Authors may place a 'toll-free' link to teir article on authors' personal website or institutional website without embargo
    • Publisher last contacted on 11/07/2014
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2015; 8(1). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002970
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    ABSTRACT: Presence of coronary artery calcium (CAC), carotid plaque, and increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) may indicate elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, no large studies have compared them directly. This study compares predictive uses of CAC presence, carotid artery plaque presence, and high IMT for incident CVD events. Participants were from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Predictive values of carotid plaque, IMT, and CAC presence were compared using Cox proportional hazards models, c-statistics, and net reclassification indices. The 6779 participants were mean (SD) 62.2 (10.2) years old; 49.9% had CAC, and 46.7% had carotid plaque. The mean left and right IMT were 0.754 (0.210) mm and 0.751 (0.187) mm, respectively. After 9.5 years (mean), 538 CVD events, 388 coronary heart disease (CHD) events, and 196 stroke/transient ischemic attacks were observed. CAC presence was a stronger predictor of incident CVD and CHD than carotid ultrasound measures. Mean IMT ≥75th percentile (for age, sex, and race) alone did not predict events. Compared with traditional risk factors, c-statistics for CVD (c=0.756) and CHD (c=0.752) increased the most by the addition of CAC presence (CVD, 0.776; CHD, 0.784; P<0.001) followed by carotid plaque presence (CVD, c=0.760; CHD, c=0.757; P<0.05). Compared with risk factors (c=0.782), carotid plaque presence (c=0.787; P=0.045) but not CAC (c=0.785; P=0.438) improved prediction of stroke/transient ischemic attacks. In adults without CVD, CAC presence improves prediction of CVD and CHD more than carotid plaque presence or high IMT. CAC and carotid ultrasound parameters performed similarly for stroke/transient ischemic attack event prediction. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2015; 8(1). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002262
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    ABSTRACT: Hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease is an important indication for revascularization. Stress myocardial perfusion imaging is a noninvasive alternative to invasive fractional flow reserve for evaluating hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease. The aim was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging by single-photon emission computed tomography, echocardiography, MRI, positron emission tomography, and computed tomography compared with invasive coronary angiography with fractional flow reserve for the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease. The meta-analysis adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement. PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched until May 2014. Thirty-seven studies, reporting on 4721 vessels and 2048 patients, were included. Meta-analysis yielded pooled sensitivity, pooled specificity, pooled likelihood ratios (LR), pooled diagnostic odds ratio, and summary area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. The negative LR (NLR) was chosen as the primary outcome. At the vessel level, MRI (pooled NLR, 0.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.13-0.21) was performed similar to computed tomography (pooled NLR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.12-0.39) and positron emission tomography (pooled NLR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.05-0.44), and better than single-photon emission computed tomography (pooled NLR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.37-0.59). At the patient level, MRI (pooled NLR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.10-0.18) performed similar to computed tomography (pooled NLR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.04-0.33) and positron emission tomography (pooled NLR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.02-0.87), and better than single-photon emission computed tomography (pooled NLR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.27-0.55) and echocardiography (pooled NLR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.30-0.59). Stress myocardial perfusion imaging with MRI, computed tomography, or positron emission tomography can accurately rule out hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease and can act as a gatekeeper for invasive revascularization. Single-photon emission computed tomography and echocardiography are less suited for this purpose. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2015; 8(1). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002666
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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains a major public health problem worldwide. Although early diagnosis by echocardiography may potentially play a key role in developing active surveillance, systematic evaluation of simple approaches in resource poor settings are needed. We prospectively compared focused cardiac ultrasound (FCU) to a reference approach for RHD screening in a school children population. FCU included (1) the use of a pocket-sized echocardiography machine, (2) nonexpert staff (2 nurses with specific training), and (3) a simplified set of echocardiographic criteria. The reference approach used standardized echocardiographic examination, reviewed by an expert cardiologist, according to 2012 World Heart Federation criteria. Among the 6 different echocardiographic criteria, first tested in a preliminary phase, mitral regurgitation jet length ≥2 cm or any aortic regurgitation was considered best suited to be FCU criteria. Of the 1217 subjects enrolled (mean, 9.6±1 years; 49.6% male), 49 (4%) were diagnosed with RHD by the reference approach. The sensitivity of FCU for the detection of RHD was 83.7% (95% confidence interval, 73.3-94.0) for nurse A and 77.6% (95% confidence interval, 65.9-89.2) for nurse B. FCU yielded a specificity of 90.9% (95% confidence interval, 89.3-92.6) and 92.0% (95% confidence interval, 90.4-93.5) according to users. Percentage of agreement among nurses was 91.4%. FCU by nonexperts using pocket devices seems feasible and yields acceptable sensitivity and specificity for RHD detection when compared with the state-of-the-art approach, thereby opening new perspectives for mass screening for RHD in low-resource settings. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2015; 8(1). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002324
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2015; 8(1). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002636
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) contraction displaces the aortic annulus and produces a force that stretches the ascending aorta. We hypothesized that aortic stiffening increases this previously ignored component of LV load and may contribute to hypertrophy. Conversely, aortic stretch-related work represents stored energy that may facilitate early diastolic filling. We performed MRI of the aorta and LV in 347 participants (72-91 years old, 189 women) in the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study to examine relations of aortic stretch with LV structure and function. Aortic stiffness was evaluated as the product of Young's modulus and aortic wall thickness. Force was computed from Young's modulus and longitudinal aortic strain; work was the integrated product of force and annulus displacement during systole. LV mass and dynamic volume were measured using the area-length method. Filling was assessed from time-resolved LV volume curves. In multivariable models that adjusted for age, sex, height, weight, end-diastolic LV volume, augmentation index, end-systolic pressure, and cardiovascular disease risk factors, higher aortic stiffness was associated with increased LV mass (β=3.0±0.8% per SD, P<0.001; sex interaction, P=0.8). Greater stretch-related aortic work was associated with enhanced early filling in men (β=4.0±0.8 mL/SD; P<0.001), but not in women (β=-0.4±0.7 mL/SD; P=0.6). Higher aortic stiffness was associated with higher LV mass, independently of pressure. Higher stretch-related work was associated with greater early diastolic filling in men only. Impaired diastolic recovery of energy stored by systolic proximal aortic stretch may contribute to increased susceptibility to diastolic dysfunction in women. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 04/2015; 8(4):e003039. DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.003039
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    ABSTRACT: Public-health guidelines recommend patients with congenital heart disease to exercise. Studies have shown that patients with congenital heart disease can improve physical exercise capacity. The effect of training on regional ventricular performance has hardly been studied. We performed a pilot study to assess whether an exercise training program would result in adverse changes of regional ventricular performance in patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot. Multicenter prospective randomized controlled pilot study in patients with tetralogy of Fallot aged 10 to 25 years. A 12-week standardized aerobic dynamic exercise training program (3 one-hour sessions per week) was used. Pre- and post-training cardiopulmonary exercise tests, MRI, and echocardiography, including tissue-Doppler imaging, were performed. Patients were randomized to the exercise group (n=28) or control group (n=20). One patient in the exercise group dropped out. Change in tissue-Doppler imaging parameters was similar in the exercise group and control group (change in right ventricle free wall peak velocity E' exercise group, 0.8±2.6 cm/s; control group, 0.9±4.1; peak velocity A' exercise group, 0.4±2.4 m/s; control group 4.6±18.1 cm/s). This randomized controlled pilot study provides preliminary data suggesting that regional ventricular performance is well maintained during 3-month aerobic dynamic exercise training in children and young adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. This information might help patients adhere to current public-health guidelines. URL: http// Unique identifier: NTR2731. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 04/2015; 8(4). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002006
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    ABSTRACT: Whether a coronary artery calcium (CAC) scan provides added value to coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in emergency department patients with acute chest pain remains unsettled. We sought to determine the value of CAC scan in patients with acute chest pain undergoing CCTA. In the multicenter Rule Out Myocardial Infarction using Computer-Assisted Tomography (ROMICAT) II trial, we enrolled low-intermediate risk emergency department patients with symptoms suggesting acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this prespecified subanalysis of 473 patients (54±8 years, 53% men) who underwent both CAC scanning and CCTA, the ACS rate was 8%. Overall, 53% of patients had CAC=0 of whom 2 (0.8%) developed ACS, whereas 7% had CAC>400 with 49% whom developed ACS. C-statistic of CAC>0 was 0.76, whereas that using the optimal cut point of CAC≥22 was 0.81. Continuous CAC score had lower discriminatory capacity than CCTA (c-statistic, 0.86 versus 0.92; P=0.03). Compared with CCTA alone, there was no benefit combining CAC score with CCTA (c-statistic, 0.93; P=0.88) or with selective CCTA strategies after initial CAC>0 or optimal cut point CAC≥22 (P≥0.09). Mean radiation dose from CAC acquisition was 1.4±0.7 mSv. Higher CAC scores resulted in more nondiagnostic CCTA studies although the majority remained interpretable. In emergency department patients with acute chest pain, CAC score does not provide incremental value beyond CCTA for ACS diagnosis. CAC=0 does not exclude ACS, nor a high CAC score preclude interpretation of CCTA in most patients. Thus, CAC results should not influence the decision to proceed with CCTA, and the decision to perform a CAC scan should be balanced with the additional radiation exposure required. Unique identifier: NCT01084239. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002225
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.115.003157
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(4). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002750
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    ABSTRACT: The appropriate indication for coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) as a part of preoperative evaluation has not been defined yet. We investigated the value of coronary CTA in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. We included 844 patients (median age, 67 years; male sex, 62%) who underwent coronary CTA for screening of coronary artery disease before noncardiac surgery. Clinically determined revised cardiac risk index were compared with the extent and severity of coronary artery disease assessed by coronary CTA. Perioperative major cardiac event (PMCE), defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or pulmonary edema within postoperative 30 days, developed in 25 patients (3.0%). Significant coronary CTA finding was defined as >3 any lesions with ≥1 (diameter stenosis ≥70%) stenosis based on the relationship between the severity of coronary artery disease and PMCE risk. The risk of PMCE was 14.0% in patients with significant CTA findings, whereas 2.2% of patients without significant CTA findings regardless of revised cardiac risk index score. The predictive performance of revised cardiac risk index could be improved significantly after addition of significant coronary CTA findings (c-statistics=0.631 versus 0.757; net reclassification improvement=0.923; integrated discrimination improvement=0.051). On the basis of revised cardiac risk index and coronary CTA, the risk of PMCE could be estimated with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 76%, 73%, 8%, and 99%, respectively. Addition of coronary CTA to clinical risk improved perioperative risk stratification. Absence of significant coronary CTA findings conferred low PMCE risk with high specificity and negative predictive value regardless of clinical risk. Coronary CTA may improve perioperative risk stratification in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002582
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.115.003138
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3):e002857. DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002857
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3). DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.115.003156
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    ABSTRACT: Acute rest single-photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) has high predictive value for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in emergency department patients. Prior studies have shown excellent agreement between rest/stress computed tomography perfusion (CTP) and SPECT-MPI, but the value of resting CTP (rCTP) in acute chest pain triage remains unclear. We sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of early rCTP, incremental value beyond obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD; ≥50% stenosis), and compared early rCTP to late stress SPECT-MPI in patients with CAD presenting with suspicion of ACS to the emergency department. In this prespecified subanalysis of 183 patients (58.1±10.2 years; 33% women), we included patients with any CAD by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) from Rule Out Myocardial Infarction Using Computer-Assisted Tomography I. rCTP was assessed semiquantitatively, blinded to CAD interpretation. Overall, 31 had ACS and 48 had abnormal rCTP. Sensitivity and specificity of rCTP for ACS were 48% (95% confidence interval [CI], 30%-67%) and 78% (95% CI, 71%-85%), respectively. rCTP predicted ACS (adjusted odds ratio, 3.40 [95% CI, 1.37-8.42]; P=0.008) independently of obstructive CAD, and sensitivity for ACS increased from 77% (95% CI, 59%-90%) for obstructive CAD to 90% (95% CI, 74%-98%) with addition of rCTP (P=0.05). In a subgroup undergoing late rest/stress SPECT-MPI (n=81), CCTA/rCTP had noninferior discriminatory value to CCTA/SPECT-MPI (area under the curve, 0.88 versus 0.90; P=0.64) using a noninferiority margin of 10%. Early rCTP provides incremental value beyond obstructive CAD to detect ACS. CCTA/rCTP is noninferior to CCTA/SPECT-MPI to discriminate ACS and presents an attractive alternative to triage patients presenting with acute chest pain. Unique identifier: NCT00990262. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 03/2015; 8(3):e002404. DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002404
  • Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging 02/2015; 8(2):e002504. DOI:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.114.002504