Systems biology in reproductive medicine Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Current impact factor: 1.70

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.7
2012 Impact Factor 1.847
2011 Impact Factor 1.524
2010 Impact Factor 0.244
2009 Impact Factor 0.8

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.80
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.20
Other titles Systems biology in reproductive medicine (Online), Systems biology in reproductive medicine, SBiRM
ISSN 1939-6376
OCLC 166289315
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • On a non-profit server
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • Pablo Barcena · Carmen López-Fernández · Carlos García-Ochoa · Albert Obradors · Valerie Vernaeve · Jaime Gosálvez · Rita Vassena
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    ABSTRACT: DNA damage in cumulus cells (CCs) might be related with the developmental competence of the enclosed oocytes, however, conclusive studies are missing, partially due to the lack of a reliable, cheap, fast, and reproducible DNA damage test. We report the development of a chromatin dispersion test that allows for a fast evaluation of double strand DNA (ds-DNA) damage in CCs. The whole experiment was performed using CCs from 103 oocyte retrieval cycles evaluating the prototype D3-MAX ability (a chromatin dispersion based assay) to detect DNA breaks against in situ nick translation (ISNT) and a two tailed comet assay (TT-comet). Samples were collected from women younger than 35 years of age with a good response to stimulation. Pooled cumulus cells of MII oocytes were used. The chromatin dispersion assay results correlate with the double strand-DNA breaks values assessed by the TT-comet assay (Spearman Rho = 0.624; p = 0.003;), while the correlation was poor when compared to the single strand DNA (ss-DNA) breaks observed also with the TT-comet assay (Spearman Rho = -0.141; p = 0.554). ISNT showed a correspondence in the same cells between enzymatic incorporation of modified nucleotides and halos of chromatin dispersion. We conclude that D3-Max test detects mainly ds-DNA breaks in cumulus cells and is a reliable, fast, and easy reproducible assay suitable for routine clinical practices once the influence on oocyte quality has been established.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 08/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1063739
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    ABSTRACT: Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) originating from chromosome 10 are rare. A limited number of cases are documented. We report a new diagnosis of a mosaic sSMC (10) in a normal female who asked for genetic evaluation before undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, in vitro fertilization, and embryo transfer. Chromosome preparations from peripheral lymphocyte cultures were performed according to standard procedures. QFQ-banded chromosomes confirmed the presence of an sSMC: 47,XX,+mar[49]/46,XX[51]. FISH and array CGH analysis showed that the sSMC consisted of chromosome 10 with a gain of the 10p11.1p11.21 (2.5 Mb) chromosomal region. The presence of sSMC (10) was also confirmed in the patient’s mother and sister. It did not appear to affect the phenotype of the women who were phenotypically normal and healthy, and at the time of writing the woman became pregnant naturally. Phenotypes associated with an sSMC vary from normal to severely abnormal. It has been shown that variations in the chromosomal region of sSMCs result in observable differences in clinical outcome. The phenotypical consequences of sSMCs are difficult to predict because of differences in euchromatic DNA content, chromosomal origin, and varying degrees of mosaicism. Therefore, the continued investigation of a larger number of sSMC cases, in particular those originating from chromosome 10 that are the infrequently encountered and characterized, and a better understanding of the genetic content is important in order to improve the delineation of karyotype-phenotype correlation, contributing to a more informed prenatal counseling or prognosis.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 08/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: We observed the effects of changes in progesterone (P) during late follicular phases on the treatment outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with different ovarian responses. The data of 8,575 cycles of patients receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist using the long protocol were retrospectively analyzed. According to the number of oocytes retrieved, the cycles were divided into poor ovarian response group (oocyte retrieval <5), intermediate ovarian response group (5≤ oocyte retrieval ≤15), and high ovarian response group (oocyte retrieval ≥16). We found that in the poor ovarian response group, the clinical pregnancy rate was not significantly associated with both the level of P or the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) and the duration of pre-hCG P elevation (p = 0.66 and p = 0.1874). In intermediate and high ovarian response groups, the clinical pregnancy rate was inversely related to both the level of P on the day of hCG administration and the duration of pre-hCG P elevation (all p < 0.0001). The cut-off values of serum P level on the day of hCG administration were 1 ng/ml and 1.75 ng/ml in intermediate and high ovarian response groups, respectively. The cut-off values of pre-hCG P elevation duration were obtained on day 1 in the intermediate ovarian response group, and days 1 or 3 in the high ovarian response group. After correcting for other confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that P level on the day of hCG administration was not associated with clinical pregnancy rates, but pre-hCG P elevation duration was negatively associated with clinical pregnancy rate in the intermediate and high ovarian response groups. P level is associated with clinical pregnancy rate only in the patients with intermediate or high ovarian response. The longer the duration of pre-hCG P 1 ng/ml, the lower the clinical pregnancy rate.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 08/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Biological rhythms are driven by endogenous biological clocks; in mammals, the master clock is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. This master pacemaker can synchronize other peripheral oscillators in several tissues such as some involved in endocrine or reproductive functions. The presence of an endogenous placental clock has received little attention. In fact, there are no studies in human full-term placentas. To test the existence of an endogenous pacemaker in this tissue we have studied the expression of circadian locomoter output cycles kaput (Clock), brain and muscle arnt-like (Bmal)1, period (Per)2, and cryptochrome (Cry)1 mRNAs at 00, 04, 08, 12, 16, and 20 hours by qPCR. The four clock genes studied are expressed in full-term human placenta. The results obtained allow us to suggest that a peripheral oscillator exists in human placenta. Data were analyzed using Fourier series where only the Clock and Bmal1 expression shows a circadian rhythm.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 08/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling is a powerful tool to study biological mechanisms during stem cell differentiation and reprogramming. Genome-wide methods like microarrays or next generation sequencing are expensive, time consuming, and require special equipment and bioinformatics expertise. Quantitative RT-PCR remains one of today's most widely accepted and used methods for analyzing gene expression in biological samples. However, limitations in the amount of starting materials often hinder the quantity and quality of information that could be obtained from a given sample. Here, we present a fast 4-step workflow allowing direct, column-free RNA isolation from limited human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) cultures that is directly compatible with subsequent reverse transcription, target specific multiplex pre-amplification, and standard SYBR-Green quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis. The workflow delivers excellent correlations in normalized gene-expression data obtained from different samples of hPSCs over a wide range of cell numbers (500-50,000 cells). We demonstrate accurate and unbiased target gene quantification in limiting stem cell cultures which allows for monitoring embryoid body differentiation and induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) reprogramming. This method highlights a rapid and cost effective screening process, allowing reduction of culture formats and increase of processing throughputs for various stem cell applications.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 08/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Human seminal fluid is a complex mixture of secretions originated from epididymis and the male accessory sex glands. It contains a variety of both inorganic and organic components, among which proteins are a major part of the high molecular-mass substances. In this study, 83 human seminal plasma samples were analyzed using a combined Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) approach to discriminate patients in relation to semen characteristics and/or conditions affecting the fertility status. Results showed a discrimination between patients with leukocytospermia and with the concomitant presence of varicocele/ex varicocele and leukocytospermia. Patients with testicular cancer, necrozoospermia, and azoospermia were separated from the other patient clusters. In addition, a differentiation of semen quality was also possible. This study represents to first use of sperm parameters together with NMR data as variables in the PCA analysis. Furthermore, this methodology allows the identification of the metabolites which play the most important role in identifying differences among human seminal plasma samples.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 08/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Yolk sac tumors are testicular germ-cell tumors of the non-seminoma type. In cattle, this neoplasm is very rare and to date has only been described three times. In human males, it usually occurs in infants and children. Immunohistochemistry provides solid criteria for diagnostics. Especially present pathognomonic Schiller-Duval bodies are helpful for identification. In this report, a 32-day-old Holstein Friesian calf presented with a highly enlarged right testis. Sonographic examination was performed and blood samples were taken to measure testosterone and estrogen levels. Furthermore, the testis was surgically removed and macroscopically, histologically, and immunohistochemically examined which lead to the diagnosis of testicular yolk sac tumor. The second testis was descended until the age of nine months and histology revealed impaired spermatogenesis. This report provides the first sonographic images of bovine testicular yolk sac tumor as well as the first information about hormone levels in calves with this neoplasm. It also shows the importance to combine anamnesis, histomorphological, and immunohistochemical findings in order to diagnose yolk sac tumors when pathognomonic structures are not present.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 07/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1066901
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    ABSTRACT: A routine computer-assisted sperm analysis is an important diagnostic test in the andrology laboratory. To evaluate the accuracy and precision of the different types of counting chambers for human semen analysis in combination with a computer-assisted semen analyzer (CASA), a quality-control study that compared human sperm analysis results obtained using different counting chambers (Makler chamber, disposable 8-cell GoldCyto chamber, disposable 4-cell Leja chamber, a plain glass slide, and a tissue culture dish cover with a 24 × 24 mm(2) coverslip) in conjunction with the CASA systems was performed. Significantly higher counts of sperm concentration were obtained from the reusable Makler chamber than from the other counting chambers. Sperm motility from drop loaded counting chambers was significantly higher than that of capillary-loaded chambers. A plain glass slide and a tissue culture dish cover used with a coverslip showed rather better performance in semen assessment. Disposable chambers are suitable for routine semen analysis with CASA in a diagnostic andrology setting. With the proper workflow and quality control, a plain glass slide and the tissue culture dish cover are acceptable alternatives for routine counting chambers with CASA as necessary. The type of counting chamber should be specified in test reports.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 07/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1063175
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the genes encoding enzymes in the folate metabolism pathway have been associated with male infertility and chromosome abnormalities. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), methionine synthase (MTR), and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) polymorphisms in fertile men and infertile men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). A case-control study comprising 85 infertile men with NOA and 246 fertile men as controls was carried out. MTHFR c.677C > T (rs1801133), MTHFR c.1298A > C (rs1801131), MTR c.2756A > G (rs1805087), and MTRR c.66A > G (rs1801394) polymorphisms were determined using the polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. There were significant differences in AC + CC genotype (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.1-3.2) and C allele frequencies (OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.2-2.8) of MTHFR c.1298A > C polymorphism between NOA patients and controls after applying the Bonferroni correction. Moreover, the 1298AC genotype, 1298AC + CC genotype, and 1298C allele frequencies were statistically significant in NOA with chromosomal abnormalities and/or a Y chromosome deletion compared to the controls (AC genotype: OR = 3.0; AC + CC genotype: OR = 3.0; C allele: OR = 2.3). Considering the other polymorphisms, no differences were found between cases and controls. Our findings suggest the MTHFR c.1298A > C polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of male infertility, i.e., NOA.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 07/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1049752
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to assess and compare the outcomes of testicular sperm extraction (TESE)-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using spermatozoa from fresh and frozen testicular tissue from men with subgroups of non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 110 cycles of TESE-ICSI were performed. Patients were classified into one of the following NOA subgroups: hypospermatogenesis (HS), maturation arrest (MA), or Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCO). Laboratory (fertilization, cleavage stage of embryo, and good quality embryo) and clinical (pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, implantation, and delivery) outcomes were assessed. No statistically significant differences were observed in any of the other measured parameters between the three subgroups of NOA. No significant differences in laboratory outcomes were observed between spermatozoa from fresh and frozen testicular spermatozoa; however, statistically significant differences were observed in the pregnancy and implantation rates between groups (p < 0.05). The outcomes of using spermatozoa retrieved from fresh testicular tissue in each of the three subgroups were also compared; although clinical outcomes showed low results, no significant differences were observed between the three subgroups. Similarly, no significant differences were observed in spermatozoa retrieved from frozen testicular tissue. Once spermatozoa have been successfully obtained, acceptable laboratory outcomes can be achieved for NOA, whether or not the spermatozoa are cryopreserved. However, satisfactory clinical outcomes may be more difficult to achieve as the results showed in each group of fresh and frozen testicular spermatozoa. Therefore, achieving acceptable clinical pregnancy results and efficient cryopreservation of testicular spermatozoa should be considered in patients with NOA.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 06/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1056885
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    ABSTRACT: Four genes involved in DNA double-strand break repair and chromosome synapsis, i.e., testis expressed gene 11 (TEX11), testis expressed gene 15 (TEX15), mutL homolog 1 (MLH1), and homolog 3 (MLH3), play critical roles in genome integrity, meiotic recombination, and gametogenesis. We explored the possible association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes and idiopathic male infertility involving azoospermia or oligozoospermia. A total of 614 fertile control and infertile men were recruited to this study in Sichuan, China. The latter group included 244 men with azoospermia and 72 men with oligozoospermia. Six SNPs in the TEX11, TEX15, MLH1, and MLH3 genes were investigated in both patients and controls by sequencing. The frequency distributions of SNPs rs6525433, rs175080, rs6525433–rs4844247, and rs1800734–rs175080 were found to be significantly different between patients and control groups (p < 0.05), while rs4844247, rs323344, rs323346, and rs1800734 showed no significant difference between the two cohorts. Thus, the SNPs TEX11 rs6525433, MLH3 rs175080, rs6525433–rs4844247, and rs1800734–rs175080 might be associated with male infertility.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 06/2015; 61(4). DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1027014
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive outcome and assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) and to compare the results with male factor (MF) infertility patients. The reproductive outcome of 33 HH patients was evaluated retrospectively and compared with results of 47 patients with mild male factor infertility. For ovulation induction, human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) was used in HH patients and recFSH was used in MF infertility patients. HH patients were divided into subgroups according to retrieved oocyte numbers and the groups were compared with each other. The main outcome measures were total gonadotropin dose used, duration of stimulation, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) day estradiol level and endometrial thickness, oocyte number retrieved, and rate of clinical pregnancy. ART outcomes and cycle characteristics of 33 HH patients were compared with 47 MF infertility patients. There was no difference in age and body mass index (BMI) between the groups, but mean follicle stimulating hormone FSH and luteinizing hormone LH levels were significantly lower in the HH group (p < 0.001). Duration of stimulation was 12.5 ± 2.06 days in the HH patients and 10.08 ± 1.62 days in the MF infertility patients and the difference was significant (p < 0.001). Total gonadotropin dose used was higher in the HH group than the MF infertility group (p < 0.001). However, there were no differences in hCG day estradiol levels, endometrial thickness on hCG day, total oocyte number retrieved, MII oocyte number, and pregnancy rate. In the HH subgroups, patient ages were significantly lower in the >15 oocyte retrieved group. Although patients with HH have a long-term estrogen deficiency, their response to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation treatment is similar to normal women. However, the HH group is heterogeneous and estimating the ovarian reserve before treatment is not always possible in this group.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 06/2015; 61(4). DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1037936
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    ABSTRACT: Thymoquinone (TQ) is a phytochemical compound found in the plant Nigella sativa. It has antioxidant and anti-cancer effects. This study investigated the effects of TQ on obesity and testicular structure of high-fat-diet (HFD) fed rats. Obese control (OC) and obese thymoquinone (OT) groups were fed a special diet containing 40% of total calories from fat. Non-obese control (NC) and non-thymoquinone (NT) groups were fed a standard diet for nine weeks. Then, intraperitoneal TQ injections were carried out to the OT and NT groups for six weeks and testes were removed. Catalase and myeloperoxidase activity were determined in rat testis tissue. Stereological, histopathological, and immunohistochemical changes were evaluated in the testes of the rats. In stereological studies, mean volumes of testis and seminiferous tubules, the number of spermatogenic cells and also Leydig cells in the OC group were reduced, but these values significantly increased in the OT group. Apoptotic cells were observed in the OC group in comparison to the OT group. The number of healthy sperms were reduced in the OC group, whereas the majority showed anomalies in the head, neck, and tail. The number of healthy sperm was increased and the anomalies significantly reduced by using TQ in both the NT, and especially the OT group. TQ like antioxidants may improve fertility by means of increasing the healthy sperm number and preventing sperm anomalies.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 06/2015; 61(4). DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1044135
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    ABSTRACT: The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major angiogenic factor, is known to play an important role in the development of endometriosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of three VEGF (-460 C/T, +405 G/C, and +936 C/T) polymorphisms with the risk of endometriosis in the Tunisian population. This study includes 105 women with endometriosis and 150 women with no laparoscopic evidence of disease. Genotyping of the VEGF -460 C/T, +405 G/C, and +936 C/T polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The distribution of genotypes (P = 0.006) and allele (P = 0.0009) frequencies of the +936 C/T polymorphism was significantly different between patients and controls. Patients with stages III-IV endometriosis showed a higher VEGF + 936T allele frequency than controls (P = 0.0001). However, the distribution of genotypes and allele frequencies of the VEGF -460 C/T and +405 G/C polymorphisms did not differ significantly between endometriosis patients and controls. These findings suggest that the VEGF +936 C/T polymorphism may be a risk factor for endometriosis development and the VEGF +936 T allele is associated with an increased risk of stages III-IV endometriosis in the Tunisian population.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 05/2015; 61(4):1-7. DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1041622
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    ABSTRACT: In many species, extended semen can be stored at low temperatures to slow bacterial growth. However, boar semen performs poorly at temperatures below 15°C and this poses unique challenges, as it is not easy to maintain a constant 15-19°C during shipment. Some extenders have been formulated with egg yolk for storage at 5°C but the addition of egg yolk is not applicable in the majority of commercial operations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if boar dietary supplementation with powdered egg yolk imparts any protective effects on sperm quality when stored at 15°C and 5°C for up to 11 days in a conventional extender. Ten boars were fed a commercial diet with the addition of 0.11Kg of powdered egg yolk for 10 weeks. Ejaculates collected on weeks 4, 6, 8, and 10 were processed for storage at both 15°C and 5°C and compared with ejaculates from boars fed a standard diet. Throughout an 11-day storage period, sperm quality was assessed including several motility and morphologic parameters and select plasma membrane properties (fluidity, integrity, and triacylglycerol content). Linear regression models were used to describe effects of treatment, storage day, week and temperature on all sperm parameters. Overall, there were minimal beneficial effects of egg yolk treatment on sperm quality parameters. Sperm from egg yolk supplemented boars did have a slower decline in viability and plasma membrane fluidity than that observed in the control sperm when stored at 5°C (p < 0.001). Additionally, there was an increase in total morphologic abnormalities in sperm from egg yolk fed boars compared to controls at week 10 (p < 0.001). In conclusion, the results of this study do not support a significant benefit to sperm quality or resistance to cold storage when feeding a 10-week dietary supplementation of 0.11Kg powdered egg yolk to crossbred boars.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 05/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1040137
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    ABSTRACT: The data of 3,841 cycles undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in our reproductive Center between January 2003 and December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the number of oocytes retrieved, this study was divided into the high ovarian response group (oocyte retrieval ≥20, 842 cycles), the moderate ovarian response group (5< oocyte retrieval <20, 2008 cycles), and the low ovarian response group (oocyte retrieval ≤5, 991 cycles). The treatment outcomes were compared between the patients with an increased progesterone (P) level and the patients where the P level did not increase. With increase in ovarian response, the cut-off values of serum P on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) rose, and respectively were 2.5 ng/ml in the high ovarian response group, 2.25 ng/ml in the moderate ovarian response group, and 1.5 ng/ml in the low ovarian response group. In each group, the clinical pregnancy rate and embryo implantation rate were lower in the patients with an increased P level compared to those where the P level did not increase (all p < 0.05). However, there were no significant difference in the fertilization rate, cleavage rate, and high-quality embryo rate (all p > 0.05). The increased level of P on the day of hCG may affect the treatment outcomes of IVF-ET. The cut-off values of serum P seem to be associated with ovarian response. Increased ovarian response causes the cut-off values of serum P to rise.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 04/2015; 61(3):1-7. DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1033779
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    ABSTRACT: The multi-factorial nature of adverse reproductive effects mediated by endocrine disrupting compounds (or EDCs) makes understanding the mechanistic basis of reproductive dysfunction a highly pertinent area of research. As a consequence, a main motivator for continued research is to integrate 'multi-leveled' complexity (i.e., from genes to phenotype) using mathematical methods capable of encapsulating properties of physiological relevance. In this study, an in silico stoichiometric model of piscine steroidogenesis was augmented with a 'biomass' reaction associating the underlying stoichiometry of steroidogenesis with a reaction representative of gonad growth. The ability of the in silico model to predict perturbed steroidogenesis and subsequent effects on gonad growth was tested by exposing reproductively active male and female fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) to 88 ng/L of the synthetic estrogen, 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2). The in silico model was parameterized (or constrained) with experimentally quantified concentrations of selected steroid hormones (using mass spectrometry) and fold changes in gene expression (using RT-qPCR) for selected steroidogenic enzyme genes, in gonads of male and female fish. Once constrained, the optimization framework of flux balance analysis (FBA) was used to calculate an optimal flux through the biomass reaction (analogous to gonad growth) and associated steroidogenic flux distributions required to generate biomass. FBA successfully predicted effects of EE2 exposure on fathead minnow gonad growth (%gonadosomatic index or %GSI) and perturbed production of steroid hormones. Specifically, FBA accurately predicted no effects of exposure on male %GSI and a significant reduction for female %GSI. Furthermore, in silico simulations accurately identified disrupted reaction fluxes catalyzing productions of androgens (in male fish) and progestogens (in female fish), an observation which agreed with in vivo experimentation. The analyses presented is the first-ever to successfully associate underlying flux properties of the steroidogenic network with gonad growth in fish, an approach which can incorporate in silico predictions with toxicological risk assessments.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 04/2015; 61(3):1-17. DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1035817
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    ABSTRACT: The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) has been proposed as a useful addition to the battery of tests routinely used to explore semen quality and hence to give an indication of the likelihood of a successful pregnancy. As usually performed at present, the assay yields two main sperm variables, the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and the high DNA stainability (HDS). In the present study 275 patients undergoing 215 in vitro fertilization (IVF) and 215 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were studied with the purpose of defining the clinical significance of HDS in IVF and ICSI cycles. Using the Spearman correlation test there were no significant statistical relationships between %HDS and fertilization rate, rate of embryo growth, blastocyst rate, implantation rate, or live birth rate. Rate of pregnancy loss showed a negative relationship significant at the 0.05 level which is unexplained. It is not known whether the normal practice of using processed sperm for fertilization plays any part in this lack of a negative effect of HDS level upon the stages of the cycle. A total of 16 patients with HDS levels >28% had an average live birth rate of 47.8% and an average pregnancy loss of 8.7%, which compared favourably with the group of patients as a whole.
    Systems biology in reproductive medicine 04/2015; DOI:10.3109/19396368.2015.1033065