Environmental Justice Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Other titles Environmental justice (Online), Environmental justice
ISSN 1939-4071
OCLC 162158419
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Mary Ann Liebert

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website
    • On institutional repository, pre-print server or research network after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Set statement to accompany deposit (see policy)
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • NIH authors will have their final paper, (post peer review, copy-editing and proof-reading) deposited in PubMed Central on their behalf
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Access to safe water and adequate living standards are recognized as basic health requisites and human rights worldwide. Nevertheless, socially marginalized women across the globe are currently facing threats to safe water access, which has dire implications for their health and that of their children. The City of Detroit, Michigan has recently shut off water services to over 50,000 residences, with low-income and racially marginalized women and their families disproportionately affected. The conditions for many Detroit residents are not unlike those in Monrovia, Liberia, where lack of access to safe water and substandard environments have contributed to the ongoing Ebola epidemic and subsequent maternal and infant mortality. Utilizing a comparative analytic approach rooted in postcolonial feminist theory and intersectionality, our commentary draws parallels between these two timely water, human rights, and reproductive justice crises in Detroit and Monrovia. We explore how public discourse and proposed solutions have failed to acknowledge the historical contexts and sociopolitical determinants of these crises, which have urgent and long-lasting implications for women's reproductive health and social justice worldwide.
    Environmental Justice 06/2015; DOI:10.1089/env.2015.0004
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    ABSTRACT: Residential gardens have been understudied as spaces for community building, health, housing improvement, and environmental justice. While research in the environmental justice and food justice literatures have focused primarily on community gardens, there continues to be a dearth of research and understanding of the benefits and potential challenges of home gardens, for individuals, families, and communities. This community based research project examines a cohort of 36 families that received a home garden, training classes, plants and supplies, and technical support in the spring, summer, and fall of 2013 through a program run by Meet Each Need with Dignity (MEND). MEND is an antipoverty organization operating in Pacoima, a low-income, historically industrial, and predominantly Latino neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles. We follow families through one planting cycle, interviewing participants upon receiving their garden and through their first harvest. While in the first stage of a multi-year effort, our data demonstrates the potential for home gardens to contribute to household food budgets, increase pride in homes, motivate community involvement, and provide proximate pockets of green space. This project is a first step towards filling the gap in the literature on home gardens and their potential role in greening communities burdened by historical pollution.
    Environmental Justice 04/2015; DOI:10.1089/env.2015.0005
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    ABSTRACT: Scholars, policymakers, and activists widely accept that low-income neighborhoods tend to lack amenities such as healthy food and employment opportunities. Most studies concerning access to these amenities assume that residents either drive a personal vehicle or walk to their destination, yet many low-income urban residents rely on public transit systems to access supermarkets and employment. This is especially true in Baltimore, a city where 11% of households do not own a personal vehicle. This study provides a methodological approach to incorporate these concerns into spatial analyses of food deserts and employment access. The method uses metropolitan planning organization-defined transportation analysis zones (TAZ) as the unit of analysis and evaluates public transit access to healthy food (i.e., supermarkets) and employment opportunities from each TAZ. This analysis can be used by decision makers to identify areas for improvement and ensure that transit-dependent individuals have good access to employment and healthy food sources. Twenty-four TAZs are identified as high-priority for transit improvements, many of which include former industrial areas and company towns, demonstrating the impact of historical development patterns on current populations in Baltimore. Considering budget constraints of transit agencies, this methodological approach can be used to make cost-effective and impactful transit improvements that address the needs of transit-dependent residents.
    Environmental Justice 04/2015; DOI:10.1089/env.2015.0003
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines the question of socioeconomic equity in sustainable cities. Of the three pillars of sustainability, social equity is typically the least researched by scholars and the least addressed by local governments. This gap in the research and policymaking is problematic, particularly, when considering how the environmental challenges of the twenty-first century will disproportionately affect those in lower socioeconomic strata. In order to address these gaps in knowledge and gain a fuller understanding of how sustainable cities address socioeconomic equity, a survey was sent to 135 cities across the United States. The ultimate objectives and goals of this study were to assess how city officials in sustainable cities address these issues of socioeconomic equity, to determine what factors (if any) influence the performance of city officials on the study, and to gain greater understanding on which socioeconomic equity categories and specific policies city officials are likely to favor. Key findings include significant relationships between subcategories and the impact of education levels, Hispanic populations, and geographic location on predicting performances. The article concludes with a discussion of the findings and their implications for urban policymakers and researchers of urban sustainable practices.
    Environmental Justice 04/2015; 8(2):57-63. DOI:10.1089/env.2015.0002
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    ABSTRACT: Achieving climate justice has been elusive. Global emissions have continued to rise, extreme weather events continue to occur with greater frequency, and a legally binding climate agreement remains elusive. Often part of the problem is the use of vague terms such as environmental or climate justice without a common definition. This article 1) provides a common definition of climate justice through literature review and use of a survey; and 2) argues that strong leadership from all is required to move climate justice forward. Defining justice is important as it can provide guidance to climate negotiators.
    Environmental Justice 04/2015; 8(2):51-55. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0035
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    ABSTRACT: In 2014, seven years after the initial conviction, CITGO Petroleum and Refining was sentenced for criminal violations of the Clean Air Act (CAA). Prior to sentencing, close to 1,000 fenceline community members petitioned the court to be declared victims of CITGO's crimes under the federal Crime Victim's Rights Act (CVRA). The district court granted the petitioners' victim status after a long court battle involving an appeal to the Fifth Circuit years prior; but ultimately awarded no compensation or restitution to the environmental crime victims. This article provides an analysis of the trial, sentencing, and legal maneuvering, based on field research and participant observation. We conclude with a discussion of legal opportunities for relief that the CVRA may provide for environmental justice communities and victims of environmental crime across the country.
    Environmental Justice 04/2015; 8(2):47-50. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0036
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    ABSTRACT: Since the mid-1990s, various qualitative methods have been extensively used in environmental justice (EJ) research. However, majority of the studies fail to explain in rich detail how particular qualitative method(s) of data collection and analysis have been used and what epistemological stance(s) inform their research design. This article underscores the need to attain methodological precision in EJ studies by demonstrating how the meta-theories of critical realism and social constructionism can be linked to forms of discourse analysis to understand different dimensions of a fundamental EJ concern—the process of environmental inequality formation in hazardous workplaces.
    Environmental Justice 02/2015; DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0027
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate legal tactics employed by lawyers in Massachusetts working on environmental justice cases, and to explore lawyers' perceptions and uses of scientific expertise and data. Semi-structured one-on-one interviews with eight lawyers in Massachusetts focused on each lawyer's most recent environmental justice case, opinions on future legislation, and interactions with scientific data. Currently, there is no environmental justice law in Massachusetts. Lawyers practicing environmental justice often employ a “whatever works” approach to achieve the desired results of their client groups. While there was consensus among the lawyers regarding the need for science in their work, they were apprehensive about scientists' communication styles, costs of data and expertise, and definitions of causation. However, the interviewees admitted that scientific data can inform community organizing, media messaging, lobbying efforts, negotiations, and other tactics often employed to achieve environmental justice. Findings suggest a framework for how lawyers perceive their environmental justice cases. The results highlight tensions between law and science in the field of environmental justice, whose resolution would have implications for environmental equity and public health more broadly. Increased collaboration and understanding of both legal and scientific underpinnings may lead to more productive lawyer-scientist partnerships.
    Environmental Justice 02/2015; 8(1):150205131943008. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0024
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    ABSTRACT: Lead contamination was introduced into U.S. surface soils at high concentrations during the last century, mainly as a result of lead-based paints and leaded gasoline products. Although these products have not been available or used since the 1995 ban on lead additives in gasoline for automobiles, lead continues to remain in the surface soils of inner cities. Lead (Pb) is a neurotoxin that has been linked to violence and reduced intelligence in children from long-term exposure to contaminated soils. Philadelphia is a city with a history of industrialization and provided a home to several Pb smelters, which extracted Pb from minerals and recycled Pb-waste to use in manufacturing these commercial products. Soils were analyzed in former industrial and non-industrial locations within Philadelphia. Overall, Pb concentrations were found to be higher at locations near former lead smelters than residential sites. Pb concentrations were also elevated in a soil sample adjacent to an old home with visibly weathering paint. One soil sample was further analyzed for its mineralogical composition and was found to contain Pb mostly in the form of an organic compound similar to the tetraethyl-lead compound in leaded gasoline. This study suggests that gasoline was an important source for Pb in surface soils, and that Pb contamination in Philadelphia soils may be quite widespread and not limited to former lead smelter sites and areas adjacent to buildings that contain lead-paint. Further analyses are necessary in order to create a more detailed perspective of existing trends in Pb contamination in Philadelphia soils.
    Environmental Justice 02/2015; 8(1):6-14. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0008
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    ABSTRACT: Low-income, communities of color have historically been exposed to disproportionate amount of toxins from air, water, and land. While the environmental justice (EJ) movement has fought to eliminate environmental concerns, less attention has been given to the health impacts of phthalates and bisphenol-A (BPA) found in common products used in the home, workplace, and schools. Our review of 23 research articles shows that a potential connection between BPA and phthalates exposure in consumer products to adverse health outcomes needs to be further explored. Revisions of the Toxic Substances Control Act are necessary and it is imperative that future policy efforts recognize and use a cumulative risk assessment approach to understand and address the negative health impacts brought on by both chemicals.
    Environmental Justice 02/2015; 8(1):15-19. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0015
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    ABSTRACT: Military bases are extremely polluted places, often contaminated with industrial wastes along with the various chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons of war. Today many former bases are converted to civilian use, a process requiring extensive remediation. The reuse of military bases involves extracting toxic sediments as well as the sedimented histories of war and military violence. This article examines questions of environmental injustice at two base conversion projects in San Francisco—at Naval Station Treasure Island and at the Hunters Point Naval Station—using Rob Nixon's (2011) concept of “slow violence.” Slow violence emphasizes the dispersed and slow moving forms of environmental disaster and toxic suffering, expanding the spatialities and temporalities by which we might understand environmental injustice. In relation to Hunters Point and Treasure Island, the concept of slow violence suggests that these base conversion projects are not simply “cleanups,” or breaks with the military's violent past, but are productive of new geographies and temporalities of toxic risk.
    Environmental Justice 02/2015; 8(1):1-5. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0014
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    ABSTRACT: Home environmental hazards can pose health threats, particularly to low-income children living in substandard housing. National agencies urge integrated treatment of such hazards; locally, however, home hazard reduction is often managed issue-by-issue. Helping diverse local groups understand the sources, health impacts, and solutions to home hazards is a critical first step toward action. Rochester's Healthy Home was a hands-on museum operated by a community-university partnership from 2006-2009 with the goal of supporting community members' and groups' efforts to address key environmental health hazards in high-risk housing. A secondary goal was to build connections between interest groups, government, and academic stakeholders to advance systems changes in support of environmental justice. Rochester's Healthy Home educated nearly 3,500 visitors about reducing home environmental hazards, served as a focal point for community action, and integrated over 30 local groups into the Healthy Home Partnership, which continues to meet regularly. Over 75% of visitors reported taking an action to improve their home's health following their visit. This hands-on and action-oriented training model generated attention and interest in replication in other cities. This collaboration showed that a collaboratively operated, interactive "healthy home museum" can build residents' capacity to reduce home health hazards while changing local policies and practices to sustainably promote healthier homes.
    Environmental Justice 12/2014; 7(6):158-165. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0030
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    ABSTRACT: While the general public ethic upholds the notions of equality for all, protection from harm both natural and human-generated, and impartiality in the application of law, the ethic breaks down for many communities of color and poverty. Environmental injustice can be found in both urban and rural areas and is too often considered as simply part of the landscape. It was reasoned that this is in part due to a lack of knowledge about the issues of environmental justice within the general public. It was also reasoned that the American educational system, in particular higher education, is the most logical transmission venue for such information. This article reports the findings of an extensive literature review looking at if and how topics of environmental justice are being included in the curriculum and classrooms of higher education.
    Environmental Justice 08/2014; 7(4):95-101. DOI:10.1089/env.2013.0042
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    ABSTRACT: ‘‘Cumulative impacts’’ refers to the total harm to human health and the environment resulting from combinations of stressors over time. Cumulative impacts are creating three kinds of effects: degraded ecosystems (such as oceans and boreal forests), human diseases, and disproportionately burdened communities, which are the hallmark of environmental injustice. At the heart of the problem lie the modern risk-based regulatory systems of the United States and Europe, which are not designed to understand or manage cumulative impacts and which have permitted an accumulation of harmful activities and effects. Alternative, precautionary regulatory approaches have been recommended but not yet widely implemented. Now some communities, planners, and regulators are finding ways to supplement traditional risk-based approaches, using innovative new tools for assessment and decision-making in the face of cumulative impacts, including indexes, mapping, and screening. These efforts both inform policy and serve as exemplary models. Together they point the way toward new, precautionary decision structures aimed at reducing cumulative impacts.
    Environmental Justice 08/2014; 7(4):102-109. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0016
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    ABSTRACT: Social movements and collective action have often been studied using newspapers for data. Concerns with newspaper data include selection bias, where a subset of accounts, events, or statements are reported, and description bias, which refers to the veracity of accounts and statements. Bias can be created by intentional or accidental misstatements of events and processes, by type of event selected by journalists, and by characteristics of the reporting entity. In this article, bias and scholarly strategies to address bias are discussed in the context of two West Virginian environmental conflicts; one focuses on mountaintop removal mining and one involves the production of the insecticide methyl isocyanate (MIC). Newspaper data is used to explore what activists say motivates their activism toward corporations causing environmental hazards.
    Environmental Justice 08/2014; 7(4):87-94. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0001
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    ABSTRACT: Energy production and distribution have created archetypal cases of environmental injustice—mountaintop removal for coal mining in Appalachia, nuclear waste siting on Navajo reservations in the West, oil refineries in southern Louisiana. Renewable energy technologies designed to aid the transition to a lower-carbon economy have often perpetuated the injustices inherent in current energy systems. Clearly, all energy systems create environmental burdens. But to what extent can community-scale, renewable energy systems minimize environmental burdens and maximize benefits to local communities? How can green technologies and the sociopolitical relationships associated with those particular technologies be arranged so that renewable energy systems produce environmental and social benefits, while distributing burdens more equitably? This case study of community-scale woody biomass initiatives in Vermont examines how particular biomass technologies and associated power relations have structured environmental burdens and social benefits throughout the state. This study reveals the importance of decentralizing energy systems—not only in terms of energy technologies, but also of technological decision-making processes. We argue that distributing power in this way may be the most effective way to ensure a more just arrangement of benefits and burdens associated with green energy technologies.
    Environmental Justice 08/2014; 7(4):110-114. DOI:10.1089/env.2014.0019
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    ABSTRACT: In many cities, urban parks have emerged as an important environmental justice issue. Parks in predominantly lower-income and minority areas are frequently smaller, with fewer amenities, and they are often beset by neglect or problems with crime or perceptions of crime. As public funding for parks has declined, urban park systems are increasingly turning to volunteers and volunteer organizations to perform important functions. Consequently, the achievement and preservation of environmental justice may depend on ensuring that parks in neglected areas are served by active volunteers. We analyze the distribution of Friends of the Parks volunteer groups in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. We find that most parks in the County lack Friends groups, regardless of demographic characteristics in the surrounding neighborhood, and we find that parks in all parts of this highly segregated county have Friends groups. However, our findings indicate that Friends groups are more likely to remain active at larger parks more common within affluent, predominantly white neighborhoods, while Friends groups are more likely to become inactive at smaller parks more typical in inner-city communities. As public funding for parks continues to decline, we propose that an important environmental justice priority for urban parks systems will be to find ways to keep groups active and engaged at smaller inner-city parks.
    Environmental Justice 06/2014; 7(3):70-76. DOI:10.1089/env.2013.0043