Topics in Companion Animal Medicine (TOP COMPANION ANIM M )

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 1.16

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013/2014 Impact Factor 1.16
2012 Impact Factor 0.926
2011 Impact Factor 1.036
2010 Impact Factor 0.49
2009 Impact Factor 0.074

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 1.10
Cited half-life 3.10
Immediacy index 0.23
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.26
Other titles Topics in companion animal medicine
ISSN 1938-9736
OCLC 150539420
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, arXiv.org or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To describe the effect of the third generation GnRH antagonist acyline in the treatment of four diestrous bitches with the cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra complex (CEH-P).
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 02/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Canine flotation devices are very popular, however, their efficacy is still under debate. There is no oversight to standardize device testing, certification, or qualification for use. We set out to assess the biomechanical and behavioral effects of 3 canine flotation devices (CFDs) on swim and flotation characteristics of dogs. High speed video recordings were used to measure behavior, range of motion (ROM), maximum flexion angle, cycles of motion per minute (COM) which swimming; and roll, yaw and fear/panic scoring while floating. Predictably, swimming with no CFD yielded the largest ROM and flexion angles. CFDINF was associated with the least ROM. During flotation, CFDAB and CFDRW caused significant rolling and fear, while CFDINF was the most stable. CFDAB was associated with cranial down-pitch in 2 dogs. Interpretation of the kinematics for CFDAB and CFDRW suggest that decreased stability in the water lead to a greater forced range of motion, when the position of the dog was conducive to swimming. When positioning forced the dog into downward pitch, ROM was decreased due to increased effort for the dogs to keep their head above water. CFDINF was most stable overall due to a decreased swim effort, and with most dogs showing the lowest fear scores and absolute relaxation. CFDAB and CFDRW caused the dogs significant rolling, fear and distress, with obvious fighting of sedation. We hope to disseminate these results to dog owners in hopes of providing a valid assessment of these devices.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 02/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phenobarbital responsive sialadenosis (PRS) is a rare idiopathic disease in dogs. Vomiting, retching and gulping with bilateral enlargement of submandibulary salivary glands are the more frequent clinical signs. A thorough diagnostic exam must be performed to rule out the most important systemic aetiologies involved with chronic vomiting, as there is no specific test to diagnose PRS. Diagnosis is confirmed clinically by a rapid and dramatic improvement of clinical signs after instauration of phenobarbital treatment. The aim of this manuscript is to describe the clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and outcome of a case series of four dogs with presumptive PRS.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 6-year-old, large-breed, female dog was evaluated for gastric dilatation. The dog was affected by gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV), that had been surgically treated with gastric derotation and right incisional gastropexy. Recurrence of gastric dilatation appeared 36 hours after surgery. The dilatation was immediately treated with an oro-gastric probe but still recurred four times. Therefore, a left gastropexy by PEG was performed to prevent intermittent gastric dilatation. After PEG tube placement, the patient recovered rapidly without side effects. Several techniques of gastropexy have been described as a prophylactic method for GDV, but to the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of left-sided PEG gastropexy performed in a case of canine gastric dilatation recurrence after an incisional right gastropexy.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is a common emergency condition in large and giant breed dogs that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Dogs with GDV classically fulfill the criteria for the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and can go on to develop multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Previously reported organ dysfunctions in dogs with GDV include cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, coagulation and renal dysfunction. Cardiovascular manifestations of GDV include shock, cardiac arrhythmias and myocardial dysfunction. Respiratory dysfunction is also multifactorial, with contributory factors including decreased respiratory excursion due to gastric dilatation, decreased pulmonary perfusion and aspiration pneumonia. Gastrointestinal dysfunction includes gastric necrosis and post-operative gastrointestinal upset such as regurgitation, vomiting, and ileus. Coagulation dysfunction is another common feature of MODS in dogs with GDV. Disseminated intravascular coagulation can occur, putting them at risk of complications associated with thrombosis in the early hypercoagulable state and hemorrhage in the subsequent hypocoagulable state. Acute kidney injury, acid-base and electrolyte disturbances are also reported in dogs with GDV. Understanding the potential for systemic effects of GDV allows the clinician to monitor patients astutely and detect such complications early, facilitating early intervention to maximize the chance of successful management. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is a devastating disease that most commonly affects large and giant-breed dogs. Though a number of risk factors have been associated with the development of GDV, the etiology of GDV remains unclear. Abnormal gastric motility patterns and delayed gastric emptying have been previously described in dogs following GDV. Work evaluating the effects of gastropexy procedures and changes to gastric motility after experimental GDV has not found the same changes as those found in dogs with naturally-occurring GDV. While the role of abnormal gastric motility in dogs with GDV will need to be clarified with additional research, such study is likely to be facilitated by improved access to and development of noninvasive measurement techniques for the evaluation of gastric emptying and other motility parameters. In particular, the availability of FDA-approved wireless motility devices for the evaluation of gastrointestinal motility is particularly promising in the study of GDV and other functional gastrointestinal diseases of large and giant breed dogs.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review paper summarizes what is known as well as what is undetermined concerning the inherited and environmental pathogenesis of gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs. The disorder primarily affects large and giant, deep-chested breeds. A concise description of a typical dog affected with gastric dilatation-volvulus is presented.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To review the veterinary literature for evidence-based and common clinical practice supporting the post-operative management of dogs with gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV). Etiology GDV involves rapid accumulation of gas in the stomach, gastric volvulus, increased intragastric pressure and decreased venous return. GDV is characterized by relative hypovolemic-distributive and cardiogenic shock, during which the whole body may be subjected to inadequate tissue perfusion and ischemia. Therapy Intensive post-operative management of the GDV patient is essential for survival. Therapy in the post-operative period is focused on maintaining tissue perfusion along with intensive monitoring for prevention and early identification of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and consequent potential complications such as hypotension, cardiac arrhythmias, acute kidney injury (AKI), gastric ulceration, electrolyte imbalances and pain. In addition, early identification of patients in need for re-exploration due to gastric necrosis, abdominal sepsis or splenic thrombosis is crucial. Therapy with IV lidocaine may play a central role in combating IRI and cardiac arrhythmias. Prognosis The most serious complications of GDV are associated with IRI and consequent systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiple organ dysfunction (MODS). Other reported complications include hypotension, AKI, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), gastric ulceration and cardiac arrhythmias. Despite appropriate medical and surgical treatment, the reported mortality rate in dogs with GDV is high (10%-28%). Dogs with GDV who suffer from gastric necrosis or develop AKI have higher mortality rates.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Initial and serial plasma lactate concentrations can be used to guide decision making in individual dogs with GDV but care is necessary in phrasing conversations with owners. Published data suggests that survival is more likely and the chance of complications less in dogs with an initial plasma lactate of <4mmol/L. An initial lactate >6mmol/L makes gastric necrosis and greater expense more likely. However, because of the overlap between groups and the good overall survival rates, exploratory laparotomy should always be recommended irrespective of the plasma lactate concentration. Falls in plasma lactate of greater than ~40% after fluid resuscitation are likely to indicate better survival. If the initial plasma lactate concentration is moderately to severely increased (5->10mmol/L) and a sustained increase in plasma lactate occurs after fluid resuscitation, the cause should be aggressively pursued. Many dogs with persistent hyperlactatemia over 24-48hours do not survive. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is a common and catastrophic disease of large and giant breed dogs. Treatment of GDV includes medical stabilization followed by prompt surgical repositioning of the stomach in its normal anatomic position. In order to prevent reoccurrence, gastropexy is used to securely adhere the stomach to the body wall. Effective gastropexy decreases the recurrence of GDV from as high as 80% to less than 5%. The purpose of this article is to describe the history, indications and techniques for gastropexy. Gastropexy was first reported in veterinary medicine in 1971 for management of gastric reflux, and later in 1979 for treating and preventing the recurrence of GDV. Gastropexy is indicated in all dogs that undergo surgical correction of GDV. Additionally, prophylactic gastropexy should be strongly considered at the time of surgery in dogs undergoing splenectomy for splenic torsion and potentially other splenic pathology, and in dogs of at-risk breeds, such as Great Danes, that are undergoing exploratory celiotomy for any reason due to evidence for increased risk of GDV in these patients. While there are numerous techniques described, gastropexy is always performed on the right side of the abdomen, near the last rib. Ensuring an anatomically correct gastropexy location is vital to prevent post-operative complications such as partial pyloric outflow obstruction. Gastropexy can be performed as part of an open surgical approach to the abdomen, or using a minimally invasive technique. When combined with surgical correction of GDV, gastropexy is almost always performed as an open procedure. The stomach is repositioned, the abdomen explored, and then a permanent gastropexy is performed. Techniques used for open gastropexy include incisional, belt-loop, circumcostal, and incorporating gastropexy, as well as gastrocolopexy. Each are described below. Incisional gastropexy is currently the most commonly performed method of surgical gastropexy in dogs; it is quick, relatively easy, safe and effective. Minimally invasive techniques for gastropexy are often used when gastropexy is performed as an elective, isolated procedure. Minimally invasive techniques include the grid approach, endoscopically guided mini-approach and laparoscopic gastropexy. Laparoscopic gastropexy is the least invasive alternative, however requires special equipment and significant surgical expertise to perform. The authors consider it a veterinarians responsibility to educate the owners of at-risk large and giant dog breeds about prophylactic gastropexy given such a favorable risk: benefit profile.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 09/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Outside the realm of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug(NSAID) and opioid exist a broad range of medications that exert an analgesic effect, or otherwise modify and protect against pain, by manipulating various targets along the nociceptive pathway. Strength of evidence for dogs and cats can vary widely, and this article will review the available literature that may guide clinical usage in these species. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The term laser is an acronym for the light amplification of the stimulation of the emission of radiation. Interestingly, it was also referred to as the light oscillation of the stimulation of the emission of radiation - but loser is not a wonderful acronym. Laser therapy, also known as therapeutic laser, low-level laser therapy (LLT), cold laser, or just laser, is becoming more and more popular in the treatment of animals. It has also recently been pointed out as photobiomodulation and this has become a popular term for the introduction of laser. Therapeutic lasers are popular in the treatment of many musculoskeletal, orthopedic and neurological conditions in the animal population. Common conditions include osteoarthritis, soft tissue injuries, wound management, intervertebral disc disease and acute and chronic pain. Additional applications include post surgical pain management, acupuncture point stimulation, and dermatological issues.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease) is an uncommon condition in dogs and even more rare in cats. Hypoadrenocorticism is most often caused by immune mediated destruction of the adrenal glands resulting in decreased mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid production. Although less common, atypical hypoadrenocorticism, characterized by a lack of glucocorticoid production only, is also reported. Hypoadrenocorticism causes a wide variety of clinical symptoms including gastrointestinal upset, weakness, weight loss, and hypovolemia. Laboratory and diagnostic findings vary but classic abnormalities include hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, azotemia, anemia, and lack of a stress leukogram. However, many other diseases present with similar symptoms and diagnostic findings. Definitive diagnosis requires adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation testing to demonstrate low basal and post-adrenocorticotropic hormone cortisol levels. The prognosis for hypoadrenocorticism is good with appropriate mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid supplementation.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acupuncture for analgesia is growing rapidly in popularity with veterinarians and pet owners. This paper summarizes the mechanisms of analgesia derived from acupuncture and reviews current literature on the topic. Areas covered include the local effects at area of needle insertion, systemic effects secondary to circulating neurotransmitters and changes in cell signaling, central nervous system effects including the brain and spinal cord, and myofascial trigger point and pathology treatment. Clinical applications are discussed and suggested in each section. When used by appropriately trained professionals, acupuncture offers a compelling and safe method for pain management in our veterinary patients and should be strongly considered as a part of multimodal pain management plans.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sudden onset vestibular dysfunction in the canine is a commonly seen condition in veterinary practice, with some veterinarians reporting several cases each month. However, traditional veterinary medicine has little to offer these patients other that symptomatic relief for the severe nausea that accompanies the vertigo and supportive advice for the owners. Owners of affected dogs are informed that these symptoms usually resolve within a few days. As physical therapists, we often see cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in our human practice clinics, and effective protocols for diagnosis and treatment of the condition have been developed for this condition. A modified testing and repositioning postural maneuver used successfully on twelve canine patients in our canine rehabilitation clinic (The Canine Fitness Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is hereby described.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The costovertebral and costotransverse joints receive little attention in research. However pain associated with rib articulation dysfunction is reported to occur in human patients. The anatomic structures of the canine rib joints and thoracic spine are similar to those of humans. As such, it is proposed that extrapolation from human physical therapy practice could be utilized for the assessment and treatment of the canine patient with presumed rib joint pain. This paper presents three case studies that demonstrate signs of rib dysfunction and successful treatment using primarily physical therapy manual techniques. General assessment and select treatment techniques are described.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As it matures, the field of animal rehabilitation is welcoming utilization of interventions that have proven efficacy in the specialty of physical therapy for human patients. More recently, manual therapy techniques have become more accepted. Range of motion (ROM) and stretching techniques, mobilization or manipulation of soft tissues, peripheral joints, and the spine, neuromuscular facilitation techniques, techniques unique to osteopathy, chest physical therapy, manual lymphatic drainage techniques, and neural mobilization techniques are now commonly incorporated in clinical practice and these interventions are more commonly cited in the veterinary literature. The following is a brief review of these manual therapy approaches including goals, effects, indications, precautions, and contraindications.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A non-pharmaceutical approach to managing pain is one that does not employ a medication. The use of such approaches, in conjunction with pharmaceuticals as part of multi-modal methods to managing pain, is becoming more popular as evidence is emerging to support their use. Cold therapy, for one, is utilized to reduce the inflammation and tissue damage seen in acute injuries and can be very effective at reducing acute pain. Incorporating the use of superficial heat therapy when treating pain associated with chronic musculoskeletal conditions is often employed as heat increases blood flow, oxygen delivery, and tissue extensibility. Acupuncture is gaining acceptance in veterinary medicine. Research is confirming that release of endogenous endorphins and enkephalins from the application of needles at specific points around the body can effectively control acute and chronic pain. The use of two newer therapies—extracorporeal shockwave therapy and platelet-rich plasma—represent an attempt to eliminate the causes of pain at the tissue level by promoting tissue healing and regeneration. Reviewed in this article, these therapies are intended to be utilized in conjunction with pharmaceuticals as part of a multi-modal approach to pain management.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In veterinary school we learn much about how to repair bone fractures, ligament injuries, and neuropathies. The idea, of course, is to return some level of function to a damaged appendage and decrease pain. When a limb cannot be salvaged for medical or financial reasons we are taught that dogs and cats do “great” on three legs. Three legs may mean a less functional limb or outright total amputation. We espouse this doctrine to our clients. Indeed most of us have countless stories of tri-ped patients acclimating to their disability with aplomb. While it is true that many patients adapt, learning to ambulate and negotiate their environment, this is functional adaptation – not necessarily the highest quality of life. As a profession we have come to expect – even accept – that limited mobility, limb breakdown, and chronic neck or back pain are unavoidable consequences. The short and long-term consequences of limb loss or altered limb function are not benign as once thought. Further, the quality of care demanded by clients is rising and the breadth of knowledge afforded by technology and global communication spawns innovative therapies readily accessible to the computer savvy pet owner. Recent examples of therapeutic innovations include: dentistry, acupuncture, chiropractic, and rehabilitation. Often there is no precedent for these new therapies in animals, and the onus rests with the veterinary community to educate itself in order to provide best care for patients and clients and to establish evidence-informed best practice. The newest emerging therapeutic modality is Veterinary Orthotics and Prosthetics (V-OP). Like the previously mentioned modalities, the origin lies in human health care and subsequently leaps to veterinary health care.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In dogs muscles make up 44% to 57% of total body weight and can serve as source of both pain and dysfunction when myofascial trigger points are present. However, rarely is muscle mentioned as a generator of pain in dogs, and even mentioned less is muscle dysfunction. The veterinary practitioner with interest in pain management, rehabilitation, orthopedics, and/or sports medicine must be familiar with the characteristics, etiology, and precipitating factors of myofascial trigger points. Additionally, the development of examination and treatment skill is needed to effectively manage myofascial trigger points in dogs.
    Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 02/2014;