Journal of Dermatological Case Reports Impact Factor & Information

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
ISSN 1898-7249

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Pyoderma gangraenosum is an immune-mediated, inflammatory, neutrophilic dermatosis of unknown etiology, which represents one of the extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease. It is a rare disease that occurs in less than 1% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and with the same ratio in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Main observations: A 36-year-old woman was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis 6 years before admission to our dermatology department with an acute disseminated pyoderma gangraenosum with mucosal involvement, during a flare of ulcerative colitis. Disease progression was interrupted by intravenous administration of the tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor infliximab at 5 mg/kg at weeks 0, 2, and 6 (1st cycle) and every 8 weeks thereafter. Improvement of intestinal, skin and oral manifestations was evident already after the 1st cycle of treatment and has been maintained since (at least 16 months). Conclusions: This case report is one of very few on disseminated pyoderma gangraenosum with oral involvement complicating ulcerative colitis, where infliximab was shown to have a rapid efficacy on skin, mucosal and bowel symptoms.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1206
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Cutaneous involvement by Hodgkin lymphoma is extremely rare and usually follows extensive involvement of the lymph nodes. Cutaneous manifestations of Hodgkin lymphoma may be divided into specific and non-specific. Generalized pruritus is one of the most common non-specific presentations of Hodgkin lymphoma as is cutaneous granulomas. Such signs and symptoms should prompt thorough physical exam, including evaluation of lymph nodes, especially in a young patient. Main observation: We report a case of a 22-year-old man who presented with night sweats, weight loss, dry cough, and generalized maculopapular eruption that started with a large patch in the center of the chest and spread to the extremities. Biopsy of the rash revealed pityriasis rosea-like findings. A computerized tomography scan of the chest revealed a mediastinal mass. Biopsy of the mediastinal mass revealed Reed-Sternberg cells in a fibrotic background, diagnostic of Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis type. Conclusion: In conclusion, the presentation of Hodgkin lymphoma as a pityriasis rosea-like cutaneous eruption is rare and clinicians should be aware of this presentation. In this paper we review the non-specific cutaneous manifestations of Hodgkin lymphoma in an effort to raise awareness of the diversity of early cutaneous signs of Hodgkin lymphoma.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1212
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous scars develop as a result of a defective wound healing process. Scars are commonly visible as erythematous, sometimes disfiguring lesions which might be stigmatizing for the affected patient. Only a few therapies to improve the appearance of scars are available. Recently, brimonidine - a selective α2-receptor-agonist which causes vasoconstriction of small cutaneous vessels - was approved for the treatment of erythemato-telangiectatic rosacea. Topical brimonidine might also be helpful to improve redness of immature scars. Here we report on the effect of brimonidine 0.5% gel on a flat, erythematous scar in a 25-year-old female patient. Whitening of the scar could be observed immediately after application of brimonidine 0.5% gel and a good clinical result was observed within one hour. This effect lasted for up to three hours. We conclude that brimonidine 0.5% gel is a suitable topical therapy to reduce erythema in visible cutaneous scars.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1210
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Cryptococcosis is a deep fungal infection caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. The infection usually involves the lungs, the central nervous system as well as the skin, the bones and the urinary tract. Immunocompromised individuals, including solid organ transplant recipients, are at higher risk for cryptococcal infections. Main observations: We present a 40-year-old renal transplant recipient who developed a slightly painful, erythematous, indurated plaque on his thigh several years after a kidney transplant. Histopathology revealed cryptococcal panniculitis and cryptococcus neoformans subsequently grew from the tissue culture. There was no other systemic involvement. Conclusion: The primary cutaneous form of cryptococcosis is extremely rare and early diagnosis and treatment is essential in view of possible dissemination and variable nonspecific clinical manifestations.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1205
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The millipedes (also known as "gongolos") are arthropods characterized by a cylindrical body consisting of rings. When threatened, they release chemicals that can cause erythema and hyperpigmentation. We report the case of a patient who developed a darkened macule on the plantar region after stepping on a millipede. Dermatoscopic examination showed a parallel-ridge pattern, which is considered typical for acral melanoma. A detailed history was essential for the diagnosis, as the clinical and dermatoscopic features suggested a malignant melanocytic lesion.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1209
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Brooke-Spiegler syndrome (BSS) is probably an underdiagnosed genodermatosis that predisposes for the development of cylindromas, spiradenomas and trichoepitheliomas mainly of the head and neck. Wide phenotypic variability regarding the number and type of lesions can be observed within a family. Mutations of the CYLD gene are identified in the vast majority of cases and play a key role in BSS pathogenesis. Main observations: Two first degree relatives with numerous erythematous telangiectatic nodules of the scalp present for decades, with recurring tendency regardless the multiple previous excisions. Histopathological review of the lesions revealed predominantly "spiradenocylindromas" in the proband and cylindromas in her sister. The suspicion of BSS was confirmed after detection of a new nonsense germline mutation of CYLD (c.1783C>T pGln 595*) in the proband. Conclusions: BSS diagnosis can be challenging and is based on clinical-pathological correlation, positive familial association and identification of CYLD mutations. CYLD exerts antineoplastic effects by downregulating intracellular NF-κB signalling pathways. The reported mutation affecting the ubiquitin-specific protease domain leads to a truncated and catalytically inactive enzyme. Despite the expanding list of CYLD mutations no firm genotype-phenotype correlation is known so far. Early recognition and treatment of BSS avoid disfiguring changes like "turban tumor".
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1208
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Inteleukin (IL)12 and IL23 are two main cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of immune-mediated disease. IL12 is produced by macrophages and B lymphocytes and mediates differentiation of Th1 lymphocytes, while IL23 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine essential for the differentiation of Th17 cells. Ustekinumab is a human monoclonal antibody directed against the p40 protein subunit shared by IL12 and IL23, therefore it blocks the signal transmission of both cytokines. Main observations: We present two cases and discuss the long-term efficacy of ustekinumab as a treatment of psoriasis in patients affected by autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren's syndrome, who presented with severe psoriasis after anti-TNF treatment. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, these are the first cases reported in the literature describing the long-term good efficacy of ustekinumab not only on paradoxical forms of psoriasis induced by anti-TNF-α drugs, but also on the articular involvement in a patient affected by RA and in a patient affected by Sjögren syndrome.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 09/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1207
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) in children is often clinically misdiagnosed as hemangioma or vascular malformation. Ultrasonography and color Doppler imaging are useful noninvasive tools for the diagnosis of skin tumors and may help distinguish DFSP from other vascular skin lesions in children.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 06/2015; 9(2):52-4. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1201
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Erlotinib is a targeted anti-cancer drug which acts through the inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Main observations: A 79-year-old developed bilateral ectropion after he received erlotinib treatment for lung adenocarcinoma. The ectropion completely resolved with symptomatic treatment without any modification in erlotinib therapy. Conclusions: EGFR inhibitors are frequently associated with a variety of mucocutaneous adverse events. Ocular toxicity associated with these agents has been reported rarely. We present this case to underline the importance of recognition of newly reported cutaneous and ocular adverse events of targeted therapies.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 06/2015; 9(2):46-48. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1203
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case with an unusual manifestation of bullous pemphigoid (BP) in a 57-year-old woman. She presented with a one-month history of pruritus and multiple annular patches with central regression on her trunk and extremities and there were no signs of corresponding internal malignancy. Eosinophilic spongiosis was observed in histopathologic examination and direct immunofluorescence studies revealed a strong linear staining pattern of the basement membrane zone with C3 and IgG. This unusual case indicates that a lack of blisters does not necessarily exclude a diagnosis of BP, and supports previous reports suggesting gyrate erythema can be an initial manifestation of bullous disease.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 06/2015; 9(2):55-7. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1200
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare congenital disorder characterized by collodion membrane at birth and facial anomalies (eclabium and ectropion). The major underlying genetic defect is in TGM1, with mutations of this gene found in 50% of patients. An early diagnosis is fundamental in view of establishing a specific treatment due to the severity of the disease. We report a case of severe lamellar ichthyosis and arthrogryposis, without the typical facial presentation, negative for TGM1 mutations. The clinical improvement was achieved only after treatment with oral retinoids, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis and prompt administration of a specific therapy.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 06/2015; 9(2):49-51. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1202
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Loose anagen hair syndrome (LAHS) is typically diagnosed in girls older than 2 years who present with hair that "will not grow". Hair microscopic examination shows absent inner and outer root sheaths, ruffling of the cuticle on the proximal hair shaft and deformed pigmented anagen bulbs. The aim of the study was to assess whether there are characteristic trichoscopic features favoring the diagnosis of LAHS. Eighty nine children patients were included into the study (24 girls with LAHS, 25 with alopecia areata, 20 with telogen effluvium and 20 healthy children). In all groups trichoscopy was performed. Trichoscopy images were analyzed for abnormalities in the hairs shafts, the hair follicle openings and the interfollicular area. Dirty dots were present in all groups. A unique feature of LAHS was the presence of rectangular black granular structures which differs from dense black dots seen in patients with alopecia areata. This feature was observed in 71% of patients with LAHS. Follicular units with single hairs constituted 92,9% of hair units in these patients (65,5% in telogen effluvium and 53% in the control group). Solitary yellow dots were found in 50% of patient with LAHS and in 24% of patients with alopecia areata, but was not found in control group or in patients with telogen effluvium. The trichoscopy features favoring the diagnosis of LAHS are: rectangular black granular structures, solitary yellow dots and major predominance of follicular units with single hairs.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 03/2015; 9(1):1-5. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1193
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis and bullous pemphigoid represent two clinically well-characterized, chronic, inflammatory skin conditions. The concomitant occurrence of these two entities in a patient is rare. We report a 62-year-old male with personal history of psoriasis vulgaris who developed disseminated bullous pemphigoid associated with psoriatic erythroderma. Skin histopathology from a scaly plaque was consistent with the diagnosis of psoriasis and showed subepidermal blister with inflammatory infiltrate of eosinophils with some neutrophils.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 03/2015; 9(1):23-4. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1194
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell papilloma is a benign mucosal disease associated with human papillomavirus. Its presence in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has rarely been reported. Therapeutic modalities for oral squamous cell papilloma have limited success and recurrences are frequent in HIV-infected subjects. Imiquimod, is a topical immunomodulator successfully used in some human papillomavirus-related oral lesions. However, its use for oral squamous cell papillomas in HIV-infected individuals has never been described. We report two male adult patients with HIV-infection, B2 and C3 stage respectively, undergoing antiretroviral therapy, with multiple recalcitrant oral squamous cell papillomas, predominantly affecting the masticatory mucosa. These lesions were successfully treated with daily topical imiquimod 5% cream for a few weeks, with only mild and well-tolerated side effects. No recurrences were observed after a follow-up period of over 20 months. Our cases highlight the value of imiquimod for the non-invasive treatment of multiple persistent oral squamous cell papillomas in two HIV-infected patients.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 03/2015; 9(1):19-22. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1192
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 90-year-old patient presented with a large cutaneous horn (cornu cutaneum) of nine-year duration arising at her right cheek. The lesion was removed by surgery. Histology was reported as cornu cutaneum with a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma at its base. Cutaneous horn is morphological designation for protuberant mass of keratin that resembles the horn of an animal. Such lesions appear on sun-exposed skin areas like upper parts of the face and ears in elderly patients. Large cutaneous horns (> 1 cm) tend to be more commonly associated with squamous cell carcinoma compared to smaller cutaneous horns, particularly when present on the face.
    Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 03/2015; 9(1):27-8. DOI:10.3315/jdcr.2015.1196