Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Nihon Seiri Jinrui Gakkai, BioMed Central

Journal description

Journal of the Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology.

Current impact factor: 1.16

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.164
2012 Impact Factor 0.632

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 5.20
Immediacy index 0.13
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of Physiological Anthropology website
Other titles Journal of physiological anthropology (Online), JPA
ISSN 1880-6791
OCLC 67719282
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

BioMed Central

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Eligible UK authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • Creative Commons Attribution License
    • Copy of License must accompany any deposit.
    • All titles are open access journals
    • 'BioMed Central' is an imprint of 'Springer Verlag (Germany)'
  • Classification
    ‚Äč green

Publications in this journal

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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) involves a substantial amount of energy expenditure in humans and, thus, contributes to reducing the risk for obesity. Molecular evolutionary studies have reported that SNPs in/near the uncoupling protein 3 gene (UCP3) and the regulatory associated protein of mTOR complex 1 gene (RPTOR) might influence NST and confer adaptive advantages for modern human dispersal into cold environments. In the present study, the impact of these SNPs on obesity-related traits was investigated. Study subjects consisted of 2,834 Japanese adults (percentage of female: 46%, mean age: 51.5). Associations of the UCP3-55C/T and the RPTOR-26934C/T - the 2 potential genetic variations involved in cold adaptation and thermogenic mechanisms in mammals, with quantitative obesity-related traits including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, visceral fat area (VFA), VFA adjusted for BMI, and selected blood parameters - were tested using multiple linear regression models. Sliding windowsampling analysis was applied to depict seasonal effects of the SNPs on the obesity-related phenotypes. UCP3-55C/T and the RPTOR-26934C/T did not show any association with obesity traits and blood chemical parameters in multiple linear regression models consisting of the whole subjects. Moreover, sliding window sampling-based association analyses involving seasonality also failed to find associations between these two SNPs and obesity-related traits. UCP3-55C/T and the RPTOR-26934C/T may only have subtle effects on the development of obesity-related traits in the present humans. These two SNPs might be irrelevant to inter-individual variations in energy metabolism and efficiency of NST.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 12/2014; 33(1):38. DOI:10.1186/1880-6805-33-38
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that 75% of stairway accidents occur while descending stairs. Using a cane can help to prevent older people and those with limited mobility from falling. However, studies have shown that two-thirds of older cane users use a cane that is longer than the recommended length, which may cause unnecessary muscular loads. This study aims to assess balance and muscular load in older people descending different height steps with different cane lengths. Nine participants (5 males and 4 females) aged over 65 years participated in this study. Cane length and stair height were independent variables. Electromyography signals were recorded from the biceps brachii of the arm that usually held the cane and from both gastrocnemius muscles. In addition, the center of pressure (CoP) was assessed as an indicator of balance in older people descending a step. Descending from higher steps resulted in the use of greater arm and leg strength at the time of first foot contact. However, cane length did not affect any of the root mean square values. In addition, the CoP Stabilometric Parameters showed that mean distance, antero-posterior mean distance, total excursions, antero-posterior total excursions, mean velocity, and antero-posterior mean velocity were significantly affected by step height, but not by cane length. If cane length is within the currently suggested range, then it has little effect on the force load on the arm and legs when descending a step. Step height has a greater effect than cane length on the strategies used by older people to maintain stability.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 12/2014; 33(1):36. DOI:10.1186/1880-6805-33-36
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that oxygen uptake (VO2) increases exponentially with levels of the pedal rate during cycling. The purpose of this study was therefore to test the hypothesis that the O2 cost for internal power output (Pint) exerted in exercising muscle itself would be larger than for an external power output (Pext) calculated from external load and pedal rate during cycling exercise under various conditions of Pint and Pext in a large range of pedal rates. The O2 cost (DeltaVO2/ Deltapower output) was investigated in three experiments that featured different conditions on a cycle ergometer that were carried out at the same levels of total power output (Ptot; sum of Pint and Pext) (Exp. 1), Pext (Exp. 2) and load (Exp. 3). Each experiment consisted of three exercise tests with three levels of pedal rate (40 rpm for a lower pedal rate: LP; 70-80 rpm for a moderate pedal rate: MP; and 100-120 rpm for a higher pedal rate: HP) lasting for 2-3 min of unloaded cycling followed by 4-5 min of loaded cycling. Blood lactate accumulations (2.3-3.4 mmol l(-1)) at the HP were significantly higher compared with the LP (0.6-0.9 mmol l(-1)) and MP (0.9-1.0 mmol l(-1)) except for the LP in Exp. 1. The VO2 (360-432 ml min(-1) for LP, 479-644 ml min(-1) for MP, 960-1602 ml min(-1) for HP) during unloaded cycling in the three experiments increased exponentially with increasing pedal rates regardless of Pext=0. Moreover, the slope of the VO2-Pint (13.7 ml min(-1) W(-1)) relation revealed a steeper inclination than that of the VO2-Pext (10.2 ml min(-1) W(-1)) relation. We concluded that the O2 cost for Pint was larger than for Pext during the cycling exercises, indicating that the O2 cost for Ptot could be affected by the ratio of Pint to Ptot due to the levels of pedal rate.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 06/2008; 27(3):133-8. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.133
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a cool environment on the peripheral skin blood flow and subjective thermal sensations of female office workers and female students. The subjects were 26 female bank employees (mean age, 38 years) who worked in a cool environment and 10 female college students (mean age, 22 years). The peripheral skin blood flow was measured using a laser Doppler blood flow meter. In each bank employee, peripheral skin blood flow was measured at three time points during the workday in the medical treatment room at their workplace. In the college students, peripheral skin blood flow was measured every hour between 9:00 and 17:00 in a laboratory. In both the medical treatment room and the laboratory, the room temperature was controlled at 24-26 degrees C with a relative humidity of 55+/-10%. The bank employees and students were each divided into those with hypersensitivity to cold (Group A) and those without hypersensitivity to cold (Group B). When the 10 college students were in the cool environment (24-26 degrees C), their peripheral skin blood flow generally decreased over time. The rate of decrease of this blood flow was greater in Group A than in Group B. In the female bank employees, the peripheral skin blood flow was the lowest at 12:00 (before lunch), was increased at 13:00 (after lunch), and then was decreased at 17:30. However, the degree of the increase from before lunch to after lunch in Group A was about half of that in Group B. Among female office workers and students, a cool environment reduced the peripheral skin blood flow of individuals with hypersensitivity to cold to a greater degree than in those without hypersensitivity to cold.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 06/2008; 27(3):153-9. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.153
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the force tremor (FT) on mechanomyographic (MMG) signals recorded by a condenser microphone (MIC) and an accelerometer (ACC) during measurement of agonist and antagonist muscles in sustained isometric contractions. Surface electromyographic (EMG) signals and MMG signals by MIC (MMG-MIC) and ACC (MMG-ACC) were recorded simultaneously on biceps brachii (BB) and triceps brachii (TB). Following determination of the isometric maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), 10 male subjects were asked to perform sustained elbow flexion and extension contractions at 30% MVC until exhaustion. We analyzed the root mean square (RMS) for all signals and compared the sum of the power spectrum (SPA) for 3-6 Hz and 8-12 Hz and the ratio of the sum of SPA for 3-6 Hz and 8-12 Hz in SPA for 3-100 Hz (SPA-FT/SPA-(3-100 Hz)) between MMG-MIC and MMG-ACC. During all sustained muscle contractions, the RMS of EMG and MMG-(MIC) was significantly (p<0.05) increased in antagonistic muscle pairs, while the increase was more noticeable for the agonist than for the antagonist. In addition, the antagonist had a significantly (p<0.05) smaller amplitude than the agonist muscle. The RMS of MMG-ACC, however, showed no significant (p>0.05) difference in RMS amplitude and slope between agonist and antagonist muscles during flexion. In extension, the MMG-ACC-RMS amplitude showed a tendency to be higher in the antagonist than in the agonist, while their slopes showed no significant (p>0.05) difference. The SPA for 3-6 Hz and 8-12 Hz in MMG-(MIC) showed a tendency to be higher in the agonist than the antagonist, and the slopes of the agonist were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of the antagonist in all contractions. In MMG-ACC, SPA and slopes for 3-6 Hz and 8-12 Hz tended not to differ between agonist and antagonist. The SPA-FT/SPA-(3-100 Hz) in MMG-ACC showed that the antagonist was higher than that of the agonist in all contractions. The MMG-(MIC), however, showed a tendency toward no difference between the agonist and antagonist. In the assessment of muscle activity during simultaneous measurement of the agonist and antagonist during sustained muscle contractions, the MMG signal detected by MIC appeared to be less affected by FT than by ACC due to the different inherent characteristics of the two transducers.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 06/2008; 27(3):121-31. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.121
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that there may be a relationship between bowel habits including functional constipation (FC) and irritable bowel syndrome and sleep health. However, our previous studies were based on only subjective parameters by self-reported questionnaire. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between bowel habits such as FC and sleep health using objective parameters. Sleep health was assessed by actigraphy measurement and bowel habits by fecal flora analysis. The FC and control subjects, whose bowel habits were defined at Rome II, were recruited from evaluated respondents in our previous study directed at middle-aged Japanese women, ten FC and ten control subjects participating in this study. Wake after sleep onset (WASO) and WASO (%) (WASO/total sleep time multiplied by 100) in FC subjects was significantly longer and greater than those in control subjects, respectively. Average activity during sleep in FC subjects was significantly higher than that in control subjects. FC had no effect on total sleep time. Bifidobacterium is broadly accepted to be useful intestinal bacteria for human health and one of the indices showing that the intestinal environment is in a desirable condition. Bifidobacterium counts per gram of wet feces and proportion in total bacterial cell counts in FC subjects were significantly lower than those in control subjects. In conclusion, these results suggest that corresponding to low Bifidobacterium counts and proportion, sleep in FC subjects may be worse than that in control subjects. There may be a relationship between bowel habits and sleep health. Bowel habits such as FC might be a risk factor for sleep disorders.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 06/2008; 27(3):145-51. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.145
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to examine the effects of room temperature and body position changes on cerebral blood volume, blood pressure and center-of-foot pressure (COP). Cerebral oxygenation kinetics and blood pressure were measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and volume-compensation, respectively, in 9 males and 9 females after rapid standing from sitting and supine positions in low (12 degrees C) or normal (22 degrees C) room temperatures. COP was also measured in a static standing posture for 90 s after rapid standing. The total hemoglobin (Hb) decreased just after standing. Blood pressure after standing at normal temperature tended to decrease immediately but at low temperature tended to decrease slightly and then to increase greatly. The decreasing ratio of total Hb and blood pressure upon standing from a supine position at normal room temperatures was the largest of any condition. Total Hb recovered to a fixed level approximately 25 sec after standing from a sitting position and approximately 35 sec after standing from a supine position. All COP parameters after standing tended to change markedly in the supine position compared to the sitting position, especially at normal temperatures. The COP parameters after standing in any condition were not significantly related to the decreasing ratio of total Hb but were related to the recovery time of total Hb after standing. In conclusion, decreasing ratios of total Hb and blood pressure after standing from a supine position at normal temperatures were large and may affect body sway.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 04/2008; 27(2):63-70. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.63
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to determine whether oxygen supply to non-exercised muscle during recovery following fatiguing exercise is influenced by accumulated metabolites within exercised muscle. Twelve healthy male subjects performed 2-min isometric handgrip exercise at 40% maximal voluntary contraction with their right hand and the exercise was followed by a 3-min recovery period. Muscle oxygen saturation (SmO(2)) determined by near-infrared spatially resolved spectroscopy was used as an index of oxygen supply to non-exercised muscle and was measured in biceps brachii and tibialis anterior muscles on the left side. Compared to the pre-exercise baseline level, SmO(2) in the biceps brachii muscle (SmO(2BB)) increased significantly from 30 sec to 1 min after the start of exercise, while SmO(2) in the tibialis anterior muscle (SmO(2TA)) remained stable during the initial 1 min of exercise. Both SmO(2BB) and SmO(2TA) began to decrease at about 1 min and continued to decrease thereafter. Due to the initial increase in SmO(2BB), only SmO(2TA) showed a significant decrease during exercise. During recovery, SmO(2BB) did not differ significantly from the pre-exercise baseline level, whereas SmO(2TA) remained significantly lower until about 1.5 min of recovery and then it did not differ significantly from the baseline level. In another bout, subjects performed handgrip exercise of the same intensity, but post-exercise arterial occlusion (PEAO) of the exercised muscle was imposed for 2 min immediately after the end of exercise. During PEAO, SmO(2BB) decreased significantly compared to the baseline level, whereas SmO(2TA) remained significantly lower until the end of PEAO. The significant decrease in SmO(2BB) and the prolongation of decrease in SmO(2TA) by PEAO suggests that the recovery of SmO(2) in the non-exercised arm and leg is mediated by muscle metaboreceptors.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 04/2008; 27(2):83-91. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.83
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the body surface area (BSA) based on the alginate method, to derive formulae for estimating BSA, and to compare the error of the present formula to previous formulas obtained from other countries. We directly measured the entire body surface area of 34 males (20-60 years old, 158.5-187.5 cm in height, 48.5-103.1 kg in body weight) and 31 females (20-63 years old, 140.6-173.1 cm, 36.8-106.1 kg) using alginate. The measurements showed that the BSA had a mean of 18,339 cm(2) (15,416-22,753 cm(2)) for males, and 16,452 cm(2) (12,825-22,025 cm(2)) for females. Based on these measurements, a regression model to estimate BSA was derived: Estimated BSA (cm(2))=73.31 Height (cm)(0.725) x Weight (kg)(0.425) (r(2)=0.999). The mean error of the formula was -0.1%, and did not show any significant difference by gender or body shape. When applied to the datasets (n=506) composed of various races (Caucasians, Africans, and Asians), the mean error of the formula was 0.4% and was smaller than that of DuBois & DuBois's, Gehan & George's, and Mosteller's formulas when applied to the same datasets. The errors of the three previous formulas were also within 2%. Overall, formulas based on the DuBois exponent (Weight(0.425) Height (0.725)) did not show any tendency of overestimation or underestimation by body shape, but other BSA-formulae showed differences by body shape. The present BSA formula has shown good accuracy in Korean adults of all weight categories compared to traditional formulas.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 04/2008; 27(2):71-82. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.71
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of wearing different kinds of masks on the ear canal temperature, heart rate, clothing microclimate, and subjective perception of discomfort. Ten subjects performed intermittent exercise on a treadmill while wearing the protective masks in a climatic chamber controlled at an air temperature of 25 degrees C and a relative humidity of 70%. Two types of mask-mask A, with exhaust valves and mask B, with exhaust holes-were used in the study. The results of this study indicated: (1) The subjects had a tendency toward lower maximum heart rate when wearing mask A than when wearing mask B. (2) Temperatures and absolute humidities (the outer surface of mask, the microclimate inside the mask, the chest wall skin and microclimate) of mask A were significantly lower than those of mask B. (3) The ear canal temperature increased significantly in mask B as compared to that in mask A. (4) The ear canal temperature showed significant augmentation along with increased temperature and humidity inside the mask microclimate. The mask microclimate temperature also affected significantly the chest microclimate temperature. (5) Mask A was rated significantly lower for perception of humidity, heat, breath resistance, tightness, unfitness, odor, fatigue, and offered less overall discomfort than mask B. (6) Subjective preference for mask A was higher. (7) The ratings of subjective overall discomfort showed significant augmentation along with increased wetness and fatigue. We discuss how the ventilation properties of masks A and B induce significantly different temperature and humidity in the microclimates of the masks and the heat loss of the body, which have profound influences on heart rate, thermal stress, and subjective perception of discomfort.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 04/2008; 27(2):93-102. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.93
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    ABSTRACT: It is necessary to develop a system of nutritional education which can be understood among schoolchildren who have not yet received a basic education. In the present study, we conducted an educational program for lower-grade schoolchildren, which contained dish selection, an agricultural experience, a cooking experience, and a lecture on digestive absorption. We evaluated the effect of this program on development by measuring taste sensitivity regarding sweet, sour, salty and bitter tastes. For the baseline period, there was no significant difference between the intervention school and the control school in each variable. At follow-up periods, both the intervention and the control schools showed an increasing sense of taste. In the intervention school, development of sensitivity to the sweet, the sour, and the bitter taste was significant. In the control school, development of sensitivity to the sweet and the bitter taste was significant. The increases in the sense of the sour and the bitter tastes and the sum of the four tastes for the intervention subjects were significantly larger than comparable values for the control subjects. These results suggest that the development of taste sensitivity is affected by nutritional education for lower-grade elementary schoolchildren.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 02/2008; 27(1):1-5. DOI:10.2114/jpa2.27.1