Marine Pollution Bulletin

Publisher: Elsevier

Description

Marine Pollution Bulletin is concerned with the rational use of maritime and marine resources in estuaries, the seas and oceans, as well as with documenting marine pollution and introducing new forms of measurement and analysis. A wide range of topics are discussed as news, comment, reviews and research reports, not only on effluent disposal and pollution control, but also on the management, economic aspects and protection of the marine environment in general. A distinctive feature of Marine Pollution Bulletin is the number of different categories of articles which are published. Papers (Reports) form the core of the journal, while Baselines document measurements which are expected to have value in the future. Reviews are generally invited by the editors on subjects which cross traditional lines, but suggestions for topics are welcomed. Viewpoints are a less formal forum for scientists to comment freely on matters of relevant national and international importance. Other sections of the Bulletin include News, New Products, Conference Reports, Conference Diary, Correspondence and Book Reviews. Two volumes are published annually, one of which contains a series of special issues on topics of particular current interest. The importance and influence of these special issues, which address the major marine environmental concerns of our time, is increasingly being recognised not just by the wider scientific community, but also by environmental policy makers at national and international level.

Impact factor 2.79

Publisher details

Elsevier

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    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An experiment was carried out on an estuarine mudflat to assess impacts of inorganic nutrients used to fertilize sugar-cane fields on the surrounding aquatic ecosystem, through changes in the nematode community structure. During 118 days, nine quadrats each 4 m2 were sampled six times after the beginning of fertilizer addition. The fertilizer was introduced weekly in six areas, at two different concentrations (low and high doses), and three areas were used as control. The introduction of nutrients modified key nematode community descriptors. In general, the nematodes were negatively affected over the study period. However, Comesa, Metachromadora, Metalinhomoeus, Spirinia and Terschellingia were considered tolerant, and other genera showed different degrees of sensitivity. Nutrient input also affect the availability and quality of food, changing the nematode trophic structure. The use of inorganic fertilizer should be evaluated with care because of the potential for damage to biological communities of coastal aquatic systems.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 12/2015; 90(1-2):115-120.
  • Wataru Nishijima, Akira Umehara, Tetsuji Okuda, Satoshi Nakai
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    ABSTRACT: A data set of 425 sites investigated by the Ministry of the Environment in 2001–2005 was used to evaluate the current sediment situation and its effect on macrobenthic community structure in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Cluster analysis and principle component analysis of sediments using physico-chemical parameters revealed that total organic carbon, mud, sulfide contents, and oxidation–reduction potential were important parameters influencing macrobenthic population size and biodiversity. A total organic carbon of 1 mg g−1 interval was highly negatively correlated with two biodiversity indices in the range of 1–20 mg g−1. Overall, 42% of total sites were organically enriched with much lower macrobenthic population sizes and biodiversity, while 26% were characterized by sandy sediment with a high population size and high proportion of Arthropoda. Nemertea sp., Glycera sp., Notomastus sp. and Ophiophragmus japonicus were common macrobenthos, while Theora fragilis and Ptychoderidae were typical macrobenthos in organically enriched sediments.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • Jihua Li, Zhongwei Wang, Xin Cao, Zhengfang Wang, Zheng Zheng
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    ABSTRACT: Results show that Microcystis aeruginosa can utilize both dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) and orthophosphate (DIP) even under low phosphorus (P) conditions to sustain its growth. Total P concentrations decreased markedly in all three P source treatments. Alkaline phosphatase activity (APA) in the different P sources tested changed in response to the DOP and DIP. The APA of DOP groups remained low after decreasing significantly, but the APA in the DIP treatments remained high during the period of culture. Changes in APA at different PO43−–P concentrations in a culture medium revealed negative correlations between APA and DIP. However, a positive relationship was observed between APA and DOP under low P concentrations. These findings indicate that M. aeruginosa can regulate its physiological metabolism to acclimate to low ambient DIP environments.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • Heather S. Rumney, Stefan G. Bolam, Robin J. Law
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    ABSTRACT: The maintenance of navigation channels to ports and the development of their facilities present a need to conduct dredging operations, and the subsequent disposal of dredged material at sea. Contaminant concentrations in candidate dredged material are determined and their possible impacts considered during the licensing process, which can result in the exclusion of some material from sea disposal. Monitoring of disposal sites is conducted in order to ensure that no undesirable impacts are occurring. In this study we consider the levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments at a number of disposal sites monitored in 2013 and variations in concentrations over time at three sites during the period 2008–2013. These were assessed using established sediment quality guidelines. Elevated PAH concentrations were generally observed only within the boundaries of the disposal sites studied.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • Xiao Zhao, Yanyan Gong, S E O'Reilly, Dongye Zhao
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    ABSTRACT: This work investigated effects of a prototype oil dispersant on solubilization, sorption and desorption of three model PAHs in sediment-seawater systems. Increasing dispersant dosage linearly enhanced solubility for all PAHs. Conversely, the dispersant enhanced the sediment uptake of the PAHs, and induced significant desorption hysteresis. Such contrasting effects (adsolubilization vs. solubilization) of dispersant were found dependent of the dispersant concentration and PAH hydrophobicity. The dual-mode models adequately simulated the sorption kinetics and isotherms, and quantified dispersant-enhanced PAH uptake. Sorption of naphthalene and 1-methylnaphthalene by sediment positively correlated with uptake of the dispersant, while sorption of pyrene dropped sharply when the dispersant exceeded its critical micelle concentration (CMC). The deepwater conditions diminished the dispersant effects on solubilization, but enhanced uptake of the PAHs, albeit sorption of the dispersant was lowered. The information may aid in understanding roles of dispersants on distribution, fate and transport of petroleum PAHs in marine systems. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • Anne Bado-Nilles, Mélanie Villeret, Alain Geffard, Olivier Palluel, Christophe Blanchard, Cindy Le Rohic, Sylvain Besson, Jean-Marc Porcher, Christophe Minier, Wilfried Sanchez
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    ABSTRACT: European bullhead is a relevant fish species to assess adverse effects of environmental stress on wild fish. Nevertheless, their complex reproductive cycle is very different between sites and could interfere with many physiological processes. Thus, prior to use biomarker to statute on environmental quality of rivers, we wanted to characterize reproductive profile (spawn number, GSI, gonad development). The major results demonstrated that the two types of reproductive cycle shown were strongly correlated to water temperature variation. In a second time, even if innate immunomarkers are highly relevant on biomonitoring program, hormonal variation seems to impact severely their responses. Thus, the link between reproductive status and immune activity (leucocyte distribution, cellular mortality, respiratory burst, phagocytosis activity) must also be study. Nonetheless, in the present work, immune capacities seems to be more correlated with season and environmental factors than reproduction.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study metal accumulating abilities of three emergent macrophytes (Phragmites australis, Typha capensis and Spartina maritima) were investigated in the urbanised Swartkops Estuary. Plants and sediment samples were collected at seven sites along the banks of the main channel and in adjacent canals. Sediments and plant organs were analysed, by means of atomic absorption spectrometry, for four elements (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn). Metal concentrations in the sediments of adjacent canals were found to be substantially higher than those at sites along the banks of the estuary. These differences were reflected in the plant organs for Pb and Zn, but not for Cu and Cd. All three species exhibited significantly higher concentrations of metals in their roots. These species are therefore suitable for use as indicators of the presence and level of heavy metal contaminants in estuaries.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This constitutes the first record of the Australian alien mytilid Xenostrobus securis in China. The introduction occurred prior to 2010 probably via shipping arriving at Yantian in Mirs Bay, China, close to Hong Kong. Point sources of infection could be Australia or Korea or Japan where it has similarly been introduced. Analysis of X. securis in Hong Kong shows that it tolerates a wide range of salinities from 5.4‰ to 28.7‰. Water temperatures in Hong Kong match those in its native range.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A survey among beachgoers was conducted to determine the swimming associated health effects experienced and its relationship with beach water exposure behaviour in Morib beach. For beach water exposure behaviour, the highest frequency of visit among the respondents was once a year (41.9%). For ways of water exposure, whole body exposure including head was the highest (38.5%). For duration of water exposure, 30.8% respondents prefer to be in water for about 30 min with low possibilities of accidental ingestion of beach water. A total of 30.8% of beachgoers in Morib beach were reported of having dermal symptoms. Bivariate analysis showed only water activity, water contact and accidental ingestion of beach water showed significant association with swimming associated health effects experienced by swimmers. This study output showed that epidemiological study can be used to identify swimming associated health effects in beach water exposed to faecal contamination.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Mercury (Hg) has a complex biogeochemical cycle in aquatic environments. Its most toxic form, methylmercury (MeHg), is produced by microorganisms. This study investigated how the sea anemone Bunodosoma caissarum affects Hg distribution, methylation and volatilization in laboratory model systems. 203Hg was added to microcosms and its distribution in seawater, specimens and air was periodically measured by gamma spectrometry. MeHg was measured by liquid scintillation. After the uptake period, specimens had a bioconcentration factor of 70 and in microcosms with and without B. caissarum, respectively 0.05% and 0.32% of the initial spike was found as MeHg. After depuration, MeHg in specimens ranged from 0.2% to 2.4% of total Hg. Microcosms with B. caissarum had higher Hg volatilization (58%) than controls (17%), possibly due to Hg2+ reduction mediated by microorganisms associated with its tissues and mucus secretions. Marine organisms and their associated microbiota may play a role in Hg and MeHg cycling.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Development of human activities in the Klaipėda strait generates a wide spectrum of underwater noise. In the fall of 2013, at the liquid natural gas terminal construction site in the shallow Curonian Lagoon area, an assessment of possible negative impacts on migrating salmon fish caused by pile driving noise was made. It is well known that impact hammer pile driving generates pulses with extremely high underwater noise levels. The obtained results proved that the pile hammering into the lagoon bottom generated pulses with a sound exposure level of 218 dB re 1 μPa2 s @1 m thus posing a risk to the migrating fish.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: For a full assessment of the environmental risk posed by dredged sediments not only the anthropogenic enrichment of contaminants, but also their mobility and biological impact should be considered. This study reports on the enrichment factor (EF), mobility, and Adverse Effect Index (AEI) of metals and metalloids in nine dredged sediments. Significant enrichment of As, Cd, Pb and Zn with respect to background values is detected, and calculated AEI values for these elements suggest that it is possible that a corresponding biological effect may be observed. Correlation coefficients also reveal a link between mobility in HCl and enrichment for Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn, however As and Cu do not display such a link, possibly suggesting that the source of contamination for these elements is less recent. Mobility and enrichment are two parameters which are often studied separately; however this paper shows that in some cases strong correlations occur.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015; 90:273-280.
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    ABSTRACT: Since 2004, an international testing program has certified 53 shipboard treatment systems as meeting ballast water discharge standards, including limits on certain microbes to prevent the spread of human pathogens. We determined how frequently certification tests failed a minimum requirement for a meaningful evaluation, that the concentration of microbes in the untreated (control) discharge must exceed the regulatory limit for treated discharges. In 95% of cases where the result was accepted as evidence that the treatment system reduced microbes to below the regulatory limit, the discharge met the limit even without treatment. This shows that the certification program for ballast water treatment systems is dysfunctional in protecting human health. In nearly all cases, the treatment systems would have equally well “passed” these tests even if they had never been turned on. Protocols must require minimum concentrations of targeted microbes in test waters, reflecting the upper range of concentrations in waters where ships operate.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Freshwater cyanobacteria produce highly toxic substances such as microcystins (MCs), and water containing MCs is often discharged to downstream and coastal areas. We conducted field monitoring in Isahaya Bay to clarify the short-term dynamics of MCs discharged from a reservoir following a cyanobacteria bloom in the warm season. MCs were detected in the seawater of the bay (max. 0.10 μg L−1), and were deposited on the sea floor, with the MC content of the surface sediment increasing by approximately five times (0.11 ± 0.077–0.53 ± 0.15 μg kgww−1, mean ± SD) at the four stations near the reservoir drainage gate before and after the discharge. The MCs was then transported from the mouth of the bay by tidal currents during the period of the study. Therefore, the MCs were moved away from the closed water area where the cyanobacteria blooms, and spread throughout the coastal area.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: An overview of the efficacy of anti-predator netting (APN) used by the shellfish industry is presented. There is little support that the currently favored APN effectively protects farmed clams from predators. Evidence does suggest that APN leads to impacts and pollution. APN is an attractant for predators, e.g., crabs, by providing a refuge within Ulva sp. which attaches onto the surface of APN. APN entrains silt and organic matter and increases sediment temperatures degrading habitat underneath the APN. APN present hazards to fish and wildlife and is a source of plastics to the marine environment. The continued use of ineffective APN does not serve either the environment or industry well, and many of these issues could be addressed through the alternate use of “ancient” technology used by aboriginal people to maintain clam gardens; building of rock walls optimizing the amount of clam habitat thereby increasing numbers without the use of APN.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Elasmobranchs can bioaccumulate considerable amounts of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and utilize several reproductive strategies thereby influencing maternal transfer of contaminants. This study provides preliminary data on the POP transfer from pregnant females to offspring of three species (Atlantic stingrays, bonnethead, blacktip sharks) with different reproduction modes (aplacental, placental viviparity). Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels were generally higher than any other POPs. Stingrays and blacktip shark embryos contained the lowest POP concentrations while bonnetheads and the blacktip adult female had the highest concentrations. Results suggest that are more readily transferred from the mother to the embryo compared to what is transferred to ova in stingrays. Statistically significant differences in levels of selected POPs were found between embryos from the left and right uterus within the same litter as well as between female and male embryos within the same litter for bonnetheads, but not for the blacktip sharks.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin 01/2015;