Journal of insect physiology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.50

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.5
2012 Impact Factor 2.379
2011 Impact Factor 2.236
2010 Impact Factor 2.31
2009 Impact Factor 2.235
2008 Impact Factor 2.155
2007 Impact Factor 2.294
2006 Impact Factor 2.019
2005 Impact Factor 2.04
2004 Impact Factor 1.547
2003 Impact Factor 1.933
2002 Impact Factor 1.789
2001 Impact Factor 1.493
2000 Impact Factor 1.468
1999 Impact Factor 1.251
1998 Impact Factor 1.315
1997 Impact Factor 1.662
1996 Impact Factor 1.749
1995 Impact Factor 1.638
1994 Impact Factor 1.461
1993 Impact Factor 1.329
1992 Impact Factor 1.643

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.36
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.55
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.70
ISSN 1879-1611

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Carrie A Deans, Gregory A Sword, Spencer T Behmer
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Insect herbivores that ingest protein and carbohydrates in physiologically-optimal proportions and concentrations show superior performance and fitness. The first-ever study of protein-carbohydrate regulation in an insect herbivore was performed using the polyphagous agricultural pest Helicoverpa zea. In that study, experimental final instar caterpillars were presented two diets - one containing protein but no carbohydrates, the other containing carbohydrates but no protein - and allowed to self-select their protein-carbohydrate intake. The results showed that H. zea selected a diet with a protein-to-carbohydrate (p:c) ratio of 4:1. At about this same time, the geometric framework (GF) for the study of nutrition was introduced. The GF is now established as the most rigorous means to study nutrient regulation (in any animal). It has been used to study protein-carbohydrate regulation in several lepidopteran species, which exhibit a range of self-selected p:c ratios between 0.8-1.5. Given the economic importance of H. zea, and its extremely protein-biased p:c ratio of 4:1 relative to those reported for other lepidopterans, we decided to revisit its protein-carbohydrate regulation. Our results, using the experimental approach of the GF, show that H. zea larvae self-select a p:c ratio of 1.6:1. This p:c ratio strongly matches that of its close relative, Heliothis virescens, and is more consistent with self-selected p:c ratios reported for other lepidopterans. Having accurate protein and carbohydrate regulation information for an insect herbivore pest such as H. zea is valuable for two reasons. First, it can be used to better understand feeding patterns in the field, which might lead to enhanced management. Second, it will allow researchers to develop rearing diets that more accurately reflect larval nutritional needs, which has important implications for resistance bioassays and other measures of physiological stress. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is known that in some insect species the incidence of diapause among the progeny of females that had undergone diapause is relatively low or zero even under strong diapause-inducing conditions. Moreover, the maternal inhibition, preventing the induction of a maladaptive diapause in spring, can persist over several generations. This multigenerational effect based on hypothetical 'interval timer' was thoroughly studied in Aphididae. We first described a similar phenomenon in Hymenoptera: laboratory experiments demonstrated that the proportion of diapausing progeny of Trichogramma females that had undergone diapause was practically zero independently of photoperiodic and temperature conditions used (day lengths of 12 and 18h and temperatures of 12-15°C). Then the ability to enter diapause recovered gradually and returned to the normal level over two (in Trichogramma telengai) or even five (in Trichogramma principium) generations. We conclude that the observed effect may be based on an interval timer similar to that in aphids. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: During the late larval period, the salivary glands (SG) of Drosophila show a cascade of cytological changes associated with exocytosis and the expectoration of the proteinaceous glue that is used to affix the pupariating larva to a substrate. After puparium formation (APF), SG undergo extensive cytoplasmic vacuolation due to endocytosis, vacuole consolidation and massive apocrine secretion. Here we investigated possible correlations between cytological changes, the puffing pattern in polytene chromosomes and respiratory metabolism of the SG. The carefully staged SG were explanted into small amounts (1 or 2 μl) of tissue culture medium. The respiratory metabolism of single or up to 3 pairs of glands was evaluated by recording the rate of O2 consumption using a scanning microrespirographic technique sensitive to subnanoliter volumes of the respiratory O2 or CO2. The recordings were carried out at times between 8 h before pupariation (BPF), until 16 h APF, at which point the SG completely disintegrate. At the early wandering larval stage (8 h BPF), the glands consume 2 nl of O2/gland/min (= 2,500 μl O2/g/h). This relatively high metabolic rate decreases down to 1.2 - 1.3 nl of O2 during the endogenous peak in ecdysteroid concentration that culminates around pupariation. The metabolic decline coincides with the exocytosis of the proteinaceous glue. During and shortly after puparium formation, which is accompanied cytologically by intense vacuolation, O2 consumption in the SG temporarily increases to 1.6 nl O2/gland/min. After this time, the metabolic rate of the SG decreases downward steadily until 16 h APF, when the glands disintegrate and cease to consume oxygen. The SG we analyzed from Drosophila larvae were composed of 134 intrinsic cells, with the average volume of one lobe being 37 nl. Therefore, a single SG cell of the wandering larva (with O2 consumption of 2 nl/gland/min), consumes each about 16 pl of O2/cell/min. A simultaneous analysis of the rate of protein and RNA synthesis in the SG shows a course similar to that found in respiratory metabolism. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For the functional analysis of insect genes as well as for the production of recombinant proteins for biomedical use, clonal transgenic silkworms are very useful. We examined if they could be produced in the parthenogenetic strain that had been maintained for more than 40 years as a female line in which embryogenesis is induced with nearly 100% efficiency by a heat shock treatment of unfertilized eggs. All individuals have identical female genotype. Silkworm transgenesis requires injection of the DNA constructs into the non-diapausing eggs at the preblastodermal stage of embryogenesis. Since our parthenogenetic silkworms produce diapausing eggs, diapause programing was eliminated by incubating ovaries of the parthenogenetic strain in standard male larvae. Chorionated eggs were dissected from the implants, activated by the heat shock treatment and injected with the transgene construct. Several transgenic individuals occurred in the daughter generation. Southern blotting analysis of two randomly chosen transgenic lines VTG1 and VTG14 revealed multiple transgene insertions. Insertions found in the parental females were transferred to the next generation without any changes in their sites and copy numbers, suggesting that transgenic silkworms can be maintained as clonal strains with homozygous transgenes. Cryopreservation was developed for the storage of precious genotypes. As shown for the VTG1 and VTG14 lines, larval ovaries can be stored in DMSO at the temperature of liquid nitrogen, transferred to Gracés medium during defrosting, and then implanted into larvae of either sex of the standard silkworm strains C146 and w1-pnd. Chorionated eggs, which developed in the implants, were dissected and activated by the heat shock to obtain females (nearly 100% efficiency) or by a cold shock to induce development to both sexes in 4 % of the eggs. It was then possible to establish bisexual lines homozygous for the transgene. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; 81. DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.011
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ensembles of neuronal networks and sensory pathways participate in controlling the kinematic and dynamic parameters of animal movement necessary to achieve motor coordination. Determining the relative contribution of proprioceptive feedback is essential for understanding how animals sustain stable, coordinated locomotion in complex natural environments. Here, we focus on the role of chordotonal organs (COs), proprioceptors found in insect legs, in the spatial and temporal regulation of walking. We compare gait parameters of intact cockroaches (Periplaneta americana) and sensory-impaired ones, injected with pymetrozine, a chemical previously shown to abolish CO function in locusts. We verify that afferent CO activity in pymetrozine-treated cockroaches is inhibited, and analyze the effect of this sensory deprivation on inter-leg coordination. We find significant changes in tarsi placement and leg path trajectories after pymetrozine treatment. Leg touchdown accuracy, measured from relative tarsi positions of adjacent legs, is reduced in treated animals. Interestingly, despite poorer spatial coordination in both stance and swing, temporal properties of the gait remain largely the same as in the intact preparations, apart from changes in ipsilateral phase differences between front and middle legs. These findings provide insights into the role of COs in insect gait control and establish pymetrozine as a useful tool for further studies of insect locomotion. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.007
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Eicosanoids mediate cellular immune responses in insects, including phagocytosis of invading microbes. Phagocytosis entails two major steps, the internalization of microbes and the subsequent killing of them via formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we posed the hypothesis that eicosanoids mediate ROS production by activating NADPH-dependent oxidase (NOX) and tested the idea in the model insect, Spodoptera exigua. A NOX gene (we named SeNOX4) was identified and cloned, yielding a full open reading frame encoding 547 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 63,410 Da and an isoelectric point at 9.28. A transmembrane domain and a large intracellular domain containing NADPH and FAD-binding sites were predicted. Phylogenetic analysis indicated SeNOX4 clusters with other NOX4 genes. SeNOX4 was expressed in all life stages except eggs, and exclusively in hemocytes. Bacterial challenge and, separately, arachidonic acid (AA, a precursor of eicosanoid biosynthesis) injection increased its expression. The internalization step was assessed by counting hemocytes engulfing fluorescence-labeled bacteria. The phagocytic behavior was inhibited by dsRNA suppression of SeNOX4 expression and, separately by dexamethasone (DEX, a specific inhibitor of eicosanoid biosynthesis) treatments. However, injecting AA to dsSeNOX4-treated larvae did not rescue the phagocytic activity. Hemocytic ROS production increased following bacterial challenge, which was sharply reduced in dsSeNOX4-treated, and separately, in DEX-treated larvae. AA partially reversed the suppressed ROS production in dsSeNOX4-treated larvae. Treating larvae with either the ROS-suppressing dsSeNOX4 construct or DEX rendered experimental larvae unable to inhibit bacterial proliferation in their hemocoels. We infer that eicosanoids mediate ROS production during phagocytosis by inducing expression of SeNOX4. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phytohormones have long been hypothesized to play a key role in the interactions between plant-manipulating organisms and their host-plants such as insect-plant interactions that lead to gall or 'green-islands' induction. However, mechanistic understanding of how phytohormones operate in these plant reconfigurations is lacking due to limited information on the molecular and biochemical phytohormonal modulation following attack by plant-manipulating insects. In an attempt to fill this gap, the present study provides an extensive characterization of how the leaf-miner Phyllonorycter blancardella modulates the major phytohormones and the transcriptional activity of plant cells in leaves of Malus domestica. We show here, that cytokinins strongly accumulate in mined tissues despite a weak expression of plant cytokinin-related genes. Leaf-mining is also associated with enhanced biosynthesis of jasmonic acid precursors but not the active form, a weak alteration of the salicylic acid pathway and a clear inhibition of the abscisic acid pathway. Our study consolidates previous results suggesting that insects may produce and deliver cytokinins to the plant as a strategy to manipulate the physiology of the leaf to create a favorable nutritional environment. We also demonstrate that leaf-mining by P. blancardella leads to a strong reprogramming of the plant phytohormonal balance associated with increased nutrient mobilization, inhibition of leaf senescence and mitigation of plant direct and indirect defense. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.003
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür) (Hemiptera: Miridae) is one of the most serious agricultural pests, feeding on a wide range of cultivated plants, including cotton, cereals and vegetables in the north of China. This insect can frequently switch between habitats and host plants over seasons and prefer plants in bloom. A. lucorum relies heavily on olfaction to locate its host plants finely discriminating different plant volatiles in the environment. Despite its economical importance, research on the olfactory system of this species has been so far very limited. In this study, we have identified and characterized an olfactory receptor which is sensitively tuned to (Z)-3-Hexenyl acetate and several flowering compounds. Besides being present in the bouquet of some flowers, these compounds are produced by plants that have suffered attacks and are supposed to act as chemical messengers between plants. This OR may play an important role in the selection of host plants. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 06/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.06.002
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bicaudal-C (Bic-C) was originally identified in a Drosophila melanogaster mutagenesis screen and plays vital roles in embryogenesis. In this study, we characterized the Bic-C gene in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), an insect pest that undergoes incomplete metamorphosis. Our result showed that N. lugens Bic-C (NlBic-C) is a female-specific gene in in this species. It is specifically expressed in developing oocytes and is not expressed in laid eggs. Ribonucleic acid interference (RNAi) of NlBic-C arrested the uptake of vitelline by oocytes, and resulted in undeveloped ovaries and the complete inhibition of oocyte growth in the ovarioles, suggesting that NlBic-C is required for oogenesis and oocyte maturation. NlBic-C is extremely highly sensitive to RNAi, suggesting that it may be a potential target in RNAi-based insect pest management. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 05/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.05.006
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The availability of food sources is important for parasitoid survival, especially for those that inhabit ecosystems where nectar and honeydew are spatially or temporally scarce. Therefore, the value of even a single meal can be crucial for survival. Psyttalia lounsburyi is a parasitoid, and biological control agent, of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae. In order to improve our understanding of the basic nutritional ecology of P. lounsburyi and its role in survival we evaluated the effect of a single sucrose meal on the longevity of female and male wasps. We measured the duration of feeding, volume ingested, sucrose consumption, energy content, and longevity of wasps provided with different concentrations of sucrose (0.5, 1, and 2 M) at different times after emergence (0, 1, 2 or 3 days after emergence). Our results showed that longevity was significantly influenced by sucrose concentration and timing of feeding. For females, feeding on sucrose increased the likelihood of survival to varying degrees, ranging from 32.3 to 95.4%, compared to water-only controls. The longest duration of feeding was observed for the highest sucrose concentrations and oldest wasps. The amount of sugar ingested and energy uptake increased, up to a point, as sugar concentration increased. Our results suggest that P. lounsburyi derived greatest benefit from the intermediate concentration (1 M) of sucrose provided 2 or 3 days after emergence. Our study emphasizes the importance of finding balance between increasing longevity and limiting the duration of feeding, and concomitant uptake of nutrients, that is fundamental for survival of the wasp in nature. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of insect physiology 05/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.05.004