Chemistry & biology

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 6.59

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 6.586
2012 Impact Factor 6.157
2011 Impact Factor 5.829
2010 Impact Factor 5.838
2009 Impact Factor 6.523
2008 Impact Factor 5.603
2007 Impact Factor 5.718
2006 Impact Factor 6.677
2005 Impact Factor 6.138
2004 Impact Factor 5.725
2003 Impact Factor 6.129
2002 Impact Factor 6.109
2001 Impact Factor 5.987
2000 Impact Factor 5.717
1999 Impact Factor 6.242
1998 Impact Factor 6.157
1997 Impact Factor 5.796

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 6.37
Cited half-life 6.10
Immediacy index 1.46
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 2.54
Other titles Chemistry & biology (Online), Chemistry & biology, Chemistry and biology
ISSN 1879-1301
OCLC 37104323
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On authors personal or authors institutions server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • 'Elsevier (Cell Press)' is an imprint of 'Elsevier'
  • Classification
    ​ blue

Publications in this journal

  • Liwei Lang, Han-Fei Ding, Xiaoguang Chen, Shi-Yong Sun, Gang Liu, Chunhong Yan
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    ABSTRACT: Although transgene-based reporter gene assays have been used to discover small molecules targeting expression of cancer-driving genes, the success is limited due to the fact that reporter gene expression regulated by incomplete cis-acting elements and foreign epigenetic environments does not faithfully reproduce chemical responses of endogenous genes. Here, we present an internal ribosome entry site-based strategy for bicistronically co-expressing reporter genes with an endogenous gene in the native gene locus, yielding an in situ reporter assay closely mimicking endogenous gene expression without disintegrating its function. This strategy combines the CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome-editing tool with the recombinase-mediated cassette-exchange technology, and allows for rapid development of orthogonal assays for excluding false hits generated from primary screens. We validated this strategy by developing a screening platform for identifying compounds targeting oncogenic eIF4E, and demonstrated that the novel reporter assays are powerful in searching for transcription-targeted lead compounds with high confidence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.009
  • Daniel J Asby, Francesco Cuda, Maxime Beyaert, Franchesca D Houghton, Felino R Cagampang, Ali Tavassoli
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    ABSTRACT: 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (known as ZMP) is a metabolite produced in de novo purine biosynthesis and histidine biosynthesis, but only utilized in the cell by a homodimeric bifunctional enzyme (called ATIC) that catalyzes the last two steps of de novo purine biosynthesis. ZMP is known to act as an allosteric activator of the cellular energy sensor adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), when exogenously administered as the corresponding cell-permeable ribonucleoside. Here, we demonstrate that endogenous ZMP, produced by the aforementioned metabolic pathways, is also capable of activating AMPK. Using an inhibitor of ATIC homodimerization to block the ninth step of de novo purine biosynthesis, we demonstrate that the subsequent increase in endogenous ZMP activates AMPK and its downstream signaling pathways. We go on to illustrate the viability of using this approach to AMPK activation as a therapeutic strategy with an in vivo mouse model for metabolic disorders. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.008
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    ABSTRACT: Serine hydrolase inhibitors, which facilitate enzyme function assignment and are used to treat a range of human disorders, often act by an irreversible mechanism that involves covalent modification of the serine hydrolase catalytic nucleophile. The portion of mammalian serine hydrolases for which selective inhibitors have been developed, however, remains small. Here, we show that N-hydroxyhydantoin (NHH) carbamates are a versatile class of irreversible serine hydrolase inhibitors that can be modified on both the staying (carbamylating) and leaving (NHH) groups to optimize potency and selectivity. Synthesis of a small library of NHH carbamates and screening by competitive activity-based protein profiling furnished selective, in vivo-active inhibitors and tailored activity-based probes for multiple mammalian serine hydrolases, including palmitoyl protein thioesterase 1, mutations of which cause the human disease infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.018
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    ABSTRACT: The β-carboline (βC) alkaloids occur throughout nature and exhibit diverse biological activities. In contrast to βC alkaloid synthesis in plants, the biosynthesis in microorganisms remains poorly understood. The recently reported McbB from Marinactinospora thermotolerans is a novel enzyme proposed to catalyze the Pictet-Spengler (PS) reaction of L-tryptophan and oxaloacetaldehyde to produce the βC scaffold of marinacarbolines. In this study, we solved the crystal structure of McbB complexed with L-tryptophan at 2.48 Å resolution, which revealed the novel protein folding of McbB and the totally different structure from those of other PS condensation catalyzing enzymes, such as strictosidine synthase and norcoclaurine synthase from plants. Structural analysis and site-directed mutagenesis confirmed that the previously proposed catalytic Glu97 at the active-site center functions as an acid and base catalyst. Remarkably, the structure-based mutants R72A and H87A, with expanded active-site cavities, newly accepted bulky phenylglyoxal as the aldehyde substrate, to produce 1-benzoyl-3-carboxy-β-carboline. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.006
  • Jeremiah J Trausch, Joan G Marcano-Velázquez, Michal M Matyjasik, Robert T Batey
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    ABSTRACT: The ZTP riboswitch is a widespread family of regulatory RNAs that upregulate de novo purine synthesis in response to increased intracellular levels of ZTP or ZMP. As an important intermediate in purine biosynthesis, ZMP also serves as a proxy for the concentration of N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate, a key component of one-carbon metabolism. Here, we report the structure of the ZTP riboswitch bound to ZMP at a resolution of 1.80 Å. The RNA contains two subdomains brought together through a long-range pseudoknot further stabilized through helix-helix packing. ZMP is bound at the subdomain interface of the RNA through a set of interactions with the base, ribose sugar, and phosphate moieties of the ligand. Unique to nucleobase recognition by RNAs, the Z base is inner-sphere coordinated to a magnesium cation bound by two backbone phosphates. This interaction, along with steric hindrance by the backbone, imparts specificity over chemically similar compounds such as ATP/AMP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.007
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    ABSTRACT: DNMT1, the most abundant human methyltransferase, is responsible for translating the correct methylation pattern during DNA replication, and aberrant methylation by DNMT1 has been linked to tumorigenesis. We have developed a sensitive signal-on electrochemical assay for the measurement of DNMT1 activity in crude tissue lysates. We have further analyzed ten tumor sets and have found a direct correlation between DNMT1 hyperactivity and tumorous tissue. In the majority of samples analyzed, the tumorous tissue has significantly higher DNMT1 activity than the healthy adjacent tissue. No such correlation is observed in measurements of DNMT1 expression by qPCR, DNMT1 protein abundance by western blotting, or DNMT1 activity using a radiometric DNA labeling assay. DNMT1 hyperactivity can result from both protein overexpression and enzyme hyperactivity. DNMT1 activity measured electrochemically provides a direct measure of activity in cell lysates and, as a result, provides a sensitive and early indication of cancerous transformation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.019
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    ABSTRACT: Regulatory mechanisms underlying γH2AX induction and the associated cell fate decision during DNA damage response (DDR) remain obscure. Here, we discover a bromodomain (BRD)-like module in DNA-PKcs (DNA-PKcs-BRD) that specifically recognizes H2AX acetyl-lysine 5 (K5ac) for sequential induction of γH2AX and concurrent cell fate decision(s). First, top-down mass spectrometry of radiation-phenotypic, full-length H2AX revealed a radiation-inducible, K5ac-dependent induction of γH2AX. Combined approaches of sequence-structure modeling/docking, site-directed mutagenesis, and biochemical experiments illustrated that through docking on H2AX K5ac, this non-canonical BRD determines not only the H2AX-targeting activity of DNA-PKcs but also the over-activation of DNA-PKcs in radioresistant tumor cells, whereas a Kac antagonist, JQ1, was able to bind to DNA-PKcs-BRD, leading to re-sensitization of tumor cells to radiation. This study elucidates the mechanism underlying the H2AX-dependent regulation of DNA-PKcs in ionizing radiation-induced, differential DDR, and derives an unconventional, non-catalytic domain target in DNA-PKs for overcoming resistance during cancer radiotherapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.014
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    ABSTRACT: Synthetic pyrrole (P)-imidazole (I) containing polyamides can target predetermined DNA sequences and modulate gene expression by interfering with transcription factor binding. We have previously shown that rationally designed polyamides targeting the inverted CCAAT box 2 (ICB2) of the topoisomerase IIα (topo IIα) promoter can inhibit binding of transcription factor NF-Y, re-inducing expression of the enzyme in confluent cells. Here, the A/T recognizing fluorophore, p-anisylbenzimidazolecarboxamido (Hx) was incorporated into the hybrid polyamide HxIP, which fluoresces upon binding to DNA, providing an intrinsic probe to monitor cellular uptake. HxIP targets the 5'-TACGAT-3' sequence of the 5' flank of ICB2 with high affinity and sequence specificity, eliciting an ICB2-selective inhibition/displacement of NF-Y. HxIP is readily taken up by NIH3T3 and A549 cells, and detected in the nucleus within minutes. Exposure to the polyamide at confluence resulted in a dose-dependent upregulation of topo IIα expression and enhanced formation of etoposide-induced DNA strand breaks. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.005
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    ABSTRACT: The ErbB family is a subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). In RTKs, ligand binding at the extracellular region triggers diverse cytoplasmic signaling cascades. Exactly how ligand binding is translated into specific signaling outcomes remains incompletely understood. In this issue, Doerner et al. (2015) provide insights into a role that the juxtamembrane (JM) region of a representative ErbB kinase, EGFR, plays in this process. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6):687-688. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.001
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    ABSTRACT: Binding of transforming growth factor α (TGF-α) to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) extracellular domain is encoded through the formation of a unique antiparallel coiled coil within the juxtamembrane segment. This new coiled coil is an "inside-out" version of the coiled coil formed in the presence of epidermal growth factor (EGF). A third, intermediary coiled-coil interface is formed in the juxtamembrane region when EGFR is stimulated with betacellulin. The seven growth factors that activate EGFR in mammalian systems (EGF, TGF-α, epigen, epiregulin, betacellulin, heparin-binding EGF, and amphiregulin) fall into distinct categories in which the structure of the coiled coil induced within the juxtamembrane region correlates with cell state. The observation that coiled-coil state tracks with the downstream signaling profiles for each ligand provides evidence for growth factor functional selectivity by EGFR. Encoding growth factor identity in alternative coiled-coil rotamers provides a simple and elegant method for communicating chemical information across the plasma membrane. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6):776-784. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.008
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    ABSTRACT: Cladosporin is an antimalarial drug that acts as an ATP-mimetic to selectively inhibit Plasmodium lysyl-tRNA synthetase. Using multiple crystal structures, Fang et al. (2015) reveal in this issue of Chemistry & Biology the fascinating mechanism responsible for cladosporin selectivity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6):685-686. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.002
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    ABSTRACT: Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) underlie the majority of biological processes, signaling, and disease. Approaches to modulate PPIs with small molecules have therefore attracted increasing interest over the past decade. However, there are a number of challenges inherent in developing small-molecule PPI inhibitors that have prevented these approaches from reaching their full potential. From target validation to small-molecule screening and lead optimization, identifying therapeutically relevant PPIs that can be successfully modulated by small molecules is not a simple task. Following the recent review by Arkin et al., which summarized the lessons learnt from prior successes, we focus in this article on the specific challenges of developing PPI inhibitors and detail the recent advances in chemistry, biology, and computation that facilitate overcoming them. We conclude by providing a perspective on the field and outlining four innovations that we see as key enabling steps for successful development of small-molecule inhibitors targeting PPIs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6):689-703. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.04.019
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    ABSTRACT: Processing of microRNA primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) is highly regulated and defects in the processing machinery play a key role in many human diseases. In 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), heterozygous deletion of DiGeorge critical region gene 8 (DGCR8) causes a processing deficiency, which contributes to abnormal brain development. The DGCR8 protein is the RNA-binding partner of Drosha RNase, both essential for processing canonical pri-miRNAs. To identify an agent that can compensate reduced DGCR8 expression, we screened for metalloporphyrins that can mimic the natural DGCR8 heme cofactor. We found that Co(III) protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) stably binds DGCR8 and activates it for pri-miRNA processing in vitro and in HeLa cells. Importantly, treating cultured Dgcr8(+/-) mouse neurons with Co(III)PPIX can compensate the pri-miRNA processing defects. Co(III)PPIX is effective at concentrations as low as 0.2 μM and is not degraded by heme degradation enzymes, making it useful as a research tool and a potential therapeutic. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6):793-802. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.015
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    ABSTRACT: Conglobatin is an unusual C2-symmetrical macrodiolide from the bacterium Streptomyces conglobatus with promising antitumor activity. Insights into the genes and enzymes that govern both the assembly-line production of the conglobatin polyketide and its dimerization are essential to allow rational alterations to be made to the conglobatin structure. We have used a rapid, direct in vitro cloning method to obtain the entire cluster on a 41-kbp fragment, encoding a modular polyketide synthase assembly line. The cloned cluster directs conglobatin biosynthesis in a heterologous host strain. Using a model substrate to mimic the conglobatin monomer, we also show that the conglobatin cyclase/thioesterase acts iteratively, ligating two monomers head-to-tail then re-binding the dimer product and cyclizing it. Incubation of two different monomers with the cyclase produces hybrid dimers and trimers, providing the first evidence that conglobatin analogs may in future become accessible through engineering of the polyketide synthase. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6):745-754. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.010
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    ABSTRACT: Enzymes capable of inactivating tetracycline are paradoxically rare compared with enzymes that inactivate other natural-product antibiotics. We describe a family of flavoenzymes, previously unrecognizable as resistance genes, which are capable of degrading tetracycline antibiotics. From soil functional metagenomic selections, we discovered nine genes that confer high-level tetracycline resistance by enzymatic inactivation. We also demonstrate that a tenth enzyme, an uncharacterized homolog in the human pathogen Legionella longbeachae, similarly inactivates tetracycline. These enzymes catalyze the oxidation of tetracyclines in vitro both by known mechanisms and via previously undescribed activity. Tetracycline-inactivation genes were identified in diverse soil types, encompass substantial sequence diversity, and are adjacent to genes implicated in horizontal gene transfer. Because tetracycline inactivation is scarcely observed in hospitals, these enzymes may fill an empty niche in pathogenic organisms, and should therefore be monitored for their dissemination potential into the clinic. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.017
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    ABSTRACT: BRD4, a bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) family member, is an attractive target in multiple pathological settings, particularly cancer. While BRD4 inhibitors have shown some promise in MYC-driven malignancies such as Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), we show that BRD4 inhibitors lead to robust BRD4 protein accumulation, which may account for their limited suppression of MYC expression, modest antiproliferative activity, and lack of apoptotic induction. To address these limitations we designed ARV-825, a hetero-bifunctional PROTAC (Proteolysis Targeting Chimera) that recruits BRD4 to the E3 ubiquitin ligase cereblon, leading to fast, efficient, and prolonged degradation of BRD4 in all BL cell lines tested. Consequently, ARV-825 more effectively suppresses c-MYC levels and downstream signaling than small-molecule BRD4 inhibitors, resulting in more effective cell proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction in BL. Our findings provide strong evidence that cereblon-based PROTACs provide a better and more efficient strategy in targeting BRD4 than traditional small-molecule inhibitors. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.009
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmaceutical inhibitors of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases demand high species and family specificity. The antimalarial ATP-mimetic cladosporin selectively inhibits Plasmodium falciparum LysRS (PfLysRS). How the binding to a universal ATP site achieves the specificity is unknown. Here we report three crystal structures of cladosporin with human LysRS, PfLysRS, and a Pf-like human LysRS mutant. In all three structures, cladosporin occupies the class defining ATP-binding pocket, replacing the adenosine portion of ATP. Three residues holding the methyltetrahydropyran moiety of cladosporin are critical for the specificity of cladosporin against LysRS over other class II tRNA synthetase families. The species-exclusive inhibition of PfLysRS is linked to a structural divergence beyond the active site that mounts a lysine-specific stabilizing response to binding cladosporin. These analyses reveal that inherent divergence of tRNA synthetase structural assembly may allow for highly specific inhibition even through the otherwise universal substrate binding pocket and highlight the potential for structure-driven drug development. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 06/2015; 22(6). DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.007