Chemistry & biology

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 6.65

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 6.645
2013 Impact Factor 6.586
2012 Impact Factor 6.157
2011 Impact Factor 5.829
2010 Impact Factor 5.838
2009 Impact Factor 6.523
2008 Impact Factor 5.603
2007 Impact Factor 5.718
2006 Impact Factor 6.677
2005 Impact Factor 6.138
2004 Impact Factor 5.725
2003 Impact Factor 6.129
2002 Impact Factor 6.109
2001 Impact Factor 5.987
2000 Impact Factor 5.717
1999 Impact Factor 6.242
1998 Impact Factor 6.157
1997 Impact Factor 5.796

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 6.57
Cited half-life 7.30
Immediacy index 1.36
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 2.58
Other titles Chemistry & biology (Online), Chemistry & biology, Chemistry and biology
ISSN 1879-1301
OCLC 37104323
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On non-commercial hosting platforms including institutional repository
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal homepage with DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher last reviewed on 05/08/2015
    • 'Elsevier (Cell Press)' is an imprint of 'Elsevier'
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Altered phosphodiesterase (PDE)-cyclic AMP (cAMP) activity is frequently associated with anxiety disorders, but current therapies act by reducing neuronal excitability rather than targeting PDE-cAMP-mediated signaling pathways. Here, we report the novel repositioning of anti-cancer MEK inhibitors as anxiolytics in a zebrafish model of anxiety-like behaviors. PDE inhibitors or activators of adenylate cyclase cause behaviors consistent with anxiety in larvae and adult zebrafish. Small-molecule screening identifies MEK inhibitors as potent suppressors of cAMP anxiety behaviors in both larvae and adult zebrafish, while causing no anxiolytic behavioral effects on their own. The mechanism underlying cAMP-induced anxiety is via crosstalk to activation of the RAS-MAPK signaling pathway. We propose that targeting crosstalk signaling pathways can be an effective strategy for mental health disorders, and advance the repositioning of MEK inhibitors as behavior stabilizers in the context of increased cAMP.
    Chemistry & biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.08.010
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    ABSTRACT: For more than 15 years, the tautomerase active site of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and its catalytic residue Pro1 have been being targeted for the development of therapeutics that block activation of its cell surface receptor, CD74. Neither the biological role of the MIF catalytic site nor the mechanistic details of CD74 activation are well understood. The inherently unstable structure of CD74 remains the biggest obstacle in structural studies with MIF for understanding the basis of CD74 activation. Using a novel approach, we elucidate the mechanistic details that control activation of CD74 by MIF surface residues and identify structural parameters of inhibitors that reduce CD74 biological activation. We also find that N-terminal mutants located deep in the catalytic site affect surface residues immediately outside the catalytic site, which are responsible for reduction of CD74 activation.
    Chemistry & biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.08.006
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    ABSTRACT: In an attempt to identify novel therapeutics and mechanisms to differentially kill tumor cells using phenotypic screening, we identified N-benzyl indole carbinols (N-BICs), synthetic analogs of the natural product indole-3-carbinol (I3C). To understand the mode of action for the molecules we employed Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia viability profiling and correlative informatics analysis to identify and ultimately confirm the phase II metabolic enzyme sulfotransferase 1A1 (SULT1A1) as the essential factor for compound selectivity. Further studies demonstrate that SULT1A1 activates the N-BICs by rendering the compounds strong electrophiles which can alkylate cellular proteins and thereby induce cell death. This study demonstrates that the selectivity profile for N-BICs is through conversion by SULT1A1 from an inactive prodrug to an active species that induces cell death and tumor suppression.
    Chemistry & biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.025
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    ABSTRACT: Chlamydiales possess a minimal but functional peptidoglycan precursor biosynthetic and remodeling pathway involved in the assembly of the division septum by an atypical cytokinetic machine and cryptic or modified peptidoglycan-like structure (PGLS). How this reduced cytokinetic machine collectively coordinates the invagination of the envelope has not yet been explored in Chlamydiales. In other Gram-negative bacteria, peptidoglycan provides anchor points that connect the outer membrane to the peptidoglycan during constriction using the Pal-Tol complex. Purifying PGLS and associated proteins from the chlamydial pathogen Waddlia chondrophila, we unearthed the Pal protein as a peptidoglycan-binding protein that localizes to the chlamydial division septum along with other components of the Pal-Tol complex. Together, our PGLS characterization and peptidoglycan-binding assays support the notion that diaminopimelic acid is an important determinant recruiting Pal to the division plane to coordinate the invagination of all envelope layers with the conserved Pal-Tol complex, even during osmotically protected intracellular growth.
    Chemistry & biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.08.009
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    ABSTRACT: Histone lysine demethylase KDM4/JMJD2s are overexpressed in many human tumors including prostate cancer (PCa). KDM4s are co-activators of androgen receptor (AR) and are thus potential therapeutic targets. Yet to date few KDM4 inhibitors that have anti-prostate tumor activity in vivo have been developed. Here, we report the anti-tumor growth effect and molecular mechanisms of three novel KDM4 inhibitors (A1, I9, and B3). These inhibitors repressed the transcription of both AR and BMYB-regulated genes. Compound B3 is highly selective for a variety of cancer cell lines including PC3 cells that lack AR. B3 inhibited the in vivo growth of tumors derived from PC3 cells and ex vivo human PCa explants. We identified a novel mechanism by which KDM4B activates the transcription of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). B3 blocked the binding of KDM4B to the PLK1 promoter. Our studies suggest a potential mechanism-based therapeutic strategy for PCa and tumors with elevated KDM4B/PLK1 expression.
    Chemistry & biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.08.007
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    ABSTRACT: The selective inhibition of bacterial β-glucuronidases was recently shown to alleviate drug-induced gastrointestinal toxicity in mice, including the damage caused by the widely used anticancer drug irinotecan. Here, we report crystal structures of representative β-glucuronidases from the Firmicutes Streptococcus agalactiae and Clostridium perfringens and the Proteobacterium Escherichia coli, and the characterization of a β-glucuronidase from the Bacteroidetes Bacteroides fragilis. While largely similar in structure, these enzymes exhibit marked differences in catalytic properties and propensities for inhibition, indicating that the microbiome maintains functional diversity in orthologous enzymes. Small changes in the structure of designed inhibitors can induce significant conformational changes in the β-glucuronidase active site. Finally, we establish that β-glucuronidase inhibition does not alter the serum pharmacokinetics of irinotecan or its metabolites in mice. Together, the data presented advance our in vitro and in vivo understanding of the microbial β-glucuronidases, a promising new set of targets for controlling drug-induced gastrointestinal toxicity.
    Chemistry & biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.08.005
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    ABSTRACT: TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer, and small-molecule reactivation of mutant p53 function represents an important anticancer strategy. A cell-based, high-throughput small-molecule screen identified chetomin (CTM) as a mutant p53 R175H reactivator. CTM enabled p53 to transactivate target genes, restored MDM2 negative regulation, and selectively inhibited the growth of cancer cells harboring mutant p53 R175H in vitro and in vivo. We found that CTM binds to Hsp40 and increases the binding capacity of Hsp40 to the p53 R175H mutant protein, causing a potential conformational change to a wild-type-like p53. Thus, CTM acts as a specific reactivator of the p53 R175H mutant form through Hsp40. These results provide new insights into the mechanism of reactivation of this specific p53 mutant. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.07.016
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    ABSTRACT: RIPK2 mediates pro-inflammatory signaling from the bacterial sensors NOD1 and NOD2, and is an emerging therapeutic target in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. We observed that cellular RIPK2 can be potently inhibited by type II inhibitors that displace the kinase activation segment, whereas ATP-competitive type I inhibition was only poorly effective. The most potent RIPK2 inhibitors were the US Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs ponatinib and regorafenib. Their mechanism of action was independent of NOD2 interaction and involved loss of downstream kinase activation as evidenced by lack of RIPK2 autophosphorylation. Notably, these molecules also blocked RIPK2 ubiquitination and, consequently, inflammatory nuclear factor κB signaling. In monocytes, the inhibitors selectively blocked NOD-dependent tumor necrosis factor production without affecting lipopolysaccharide-dependent pathways. We also determined the first crystal structure of RIPK2 bound to ponatinib, and identified an allosteric site for inhibitor development. These results highlight the potential for type II inhibitors to treat indications of RIPK2 activation as well as inflammation-associated cancers. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.07.017
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    ABSTRACT: Griselimycin (GM), a natural product isolated a half century ago, is having a bit of a renaissance. After being known for more than 50 years, it is now being pursued as a treatment for tuberculosis. With the new mechanism of action, excellent in vitro and in vivo activity against sensitive and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and the improved pharmacokinetic properties, the cyclohexyl derivative of GM demonstrates a high translational potential. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; 22(8):981-982. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.08.002
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    ABSTRACT: A major goal of modern protein chemistry is to create new proteins with different functions. One approach is to amalgamate secondary and tertiary structures from different proteins. This is difficult for several reasons, not the least of which is the fact that the junctions between secondary and tertiary structures are not degenerate and usually affect the function and folding of the entire complex. Here, we offer a solution to this problem by coupling a large combinatorial library of about 10(7) different N- and C-terminal junctions to a powerful system that selects for function. Using this approach, the entire Leptin and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were inserted into an antibody. Complexes with full retention of function in vivo and in vitro, although rare, were found easily by using an autocrine selection system to search for hormonal activity. Such large diversity systems, when coupled to robust selection systems, should enable construction of novel therapeutic proteins. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; 22(8):1134-1143. DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.07.011
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    ABSTRACT: Protein engineering that exploits known functional peptides holds great promise for generating novel functional proteins. Here we propose a combinatorial approach, termed adaptive assembly, which provides a tailor-made protein scaffold for a given functional peptide. A combinatorial library was designed to create a tailor-made scaffold, which was generated from β hairpins derived from a 10-residue minimal protein "chignolin" and randomized amino acid sequences. We applied adaptive assembly to a peptide with low affinity for the Fc region of human immunoglobulin G, generating a 54-residue protein AF.p17 with a 40,600-fold enhanced affinity. The crystal structure of AF.p17 complexed with the Fc region revealed that the scaffold fixed the active conformation with a unique structure composed of a short α helix, β hairpins, and a loop-like structure. Adaptive assembly can take full advantage of known peptides as assets for generating novel functional proteins. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.07.015
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    ABSTRACT: The importance and complexity associated with the totality of glycan structures, i.e. the glycome, has garnered significant attention from chemists and biologists alike. However, what is lacking from this biochemical picture is how cells, tissues, and organisms interpret glycan patterns and translate this information into appropriate responses. Lectins, glycan-binding proteins, are thought to bridge this gap by decoding the glycome and dictating cell fate based on the underlying chemical identities and properties of the glycome. Yet, our understanding of the in vivo ligands and function for most lectins is still incomplete. This review focuses on recent advances in chemical tools to study the specificity and dynamics of mammalian lectins in live cells. A picture emerges of lectin function that is highly sensitive to its organization, which in turn drastically shapes immunity and cancer progression. We hope this review will inspire biologists to make use of these new techniques and stimulate chemists to continue developing innovative approaches to probe lectin biology in vivo. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; 22(8). DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.07.009
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    ABSTRACT: Naturally occurring proteolytic fragments of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP248-286 and PAP85-120) and semenogelins (SEM1 and SEM2) form amyloid fibrils in seminal fluid, which capture HIV virions and promote infection. For example, PAP248-286 fibrils, termed SEVI (semen-derived enhancer of viral infection), can potentiate HIV infection by several orders of magnitude. Here, we design three disruptive technologies to rapidly antagonize seminal amyloid by repurposing Hsp104, an amyloid-remodeling nanomachine from yeast. First, Hsp104 and an enhanced engineered variant, Hsp104(A503V), directly remodel SEVI and PAP85-120 fibrils into non-amyloid forms. Second, we elucidate catalytically inactive Hsp104 scaffolds that do not remodel amyloid structure, but cluster SEVI, PAP85-120, and SEM1(45-107) fibrils into larger assemblies. Third, we modify Hsp104 to interact with the chambered protease ClpP, which enables coupled remodeling and degradation to irreversibly clear SEVI and PAP85-120 fibrils. Each strategy diminished the ability of seminal amyloid to promote HIV infection, and could have therapeutic utility. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; 22(8). DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.07.007
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    ABSTRACT: Protein fatty acylation regulates diverse aspects of cellular function and organization and plays a key role in host immune responses to infection. Acylation also modulates the function and localization of virus-encoded proteins. Here, we employ chemical proteomics tools, bio-orthogonal probes, and capture reagents to study myristoylation and palmitoylation during infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV). Using in-gel fluorescence imaging and quantitative mass spectrometry, we demonstrate a generalized reduction in myristoylation of host proteins, whereas palmitoylation of host proteins, including regulators of interferon and tetraspanin family proteins, was selectively repressed. Furthermore, we found that a significant fraction of the viral proteome undergoes palmitoylation; we identified a number of virus membrane glycoproteins, structural proteins, and kinases. Taken together, our results provide broad oversight of protein acylation during HSV infection, a roadmap for similar analysis in other systems, and a resource with which to pursue specific analysis of systems and functions. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Chemistry & biology 08/2015; 22(8). DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.06.024