Cytokine & growth factor reviews

Publisher: Elsevier

Description

  • Impact factor
    6.49
  • 5-year impact
    10.79
  • Cited half-life
    5.20
  • Immediacy index
    0.61
  • Eigenfactor
    0.02
  • Article influence
    4.52
  • ISSN
    1879-0305

Publisher details

Elsevier

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    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • Set statement to accompany deposit
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    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PMC after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Cytokine & growth factor reviews 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: TNF is an essential regulator of the immune system. Dysregulation of TNF plays a role in the pathology of many auto-immune diseases. TNF-blocking agents have proven successful in the treatment of such diseases. Development of novel, safer or more effective drugs requires a deeper understanding of the regulation of the pro-inflammatory activities of TNF and its receptors. The ubiquitously expressed TNFR1 is responsible for most TNF effects, while TNFR2 has a limited expression pattern and performs immune-regulatory functions. Despite extensive knowledge of TNFR1 signaling, the regulation of TNFR1 expression, its modifications, localization and processing are less clear and the data are scattered. Here we review the current knowledge of TNFR1 regulation and discuss the impact this has on the host.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The journey from the discoveries of lymphotoxin (LT) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) to the present day age of cytokine inhibitors as therapeutics has been an exciting one with many participants and highs and lows; the saga is compared to that in “The Wizard of Oz”. This communication summarizes the contributions of key players in the discovery of the cytokines and their receptors, the changes in nomenclature, and the discovery of the LT family’s crucial role in secondary and tertiary lymphoid organs. The remarkable advances in therapeutics are detailed as are remaining problems. Finally, special tribute is paid to two pioneers in the field who have recently passed away: Byron H. Waksman and Lloyd Old.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: For about four decades, platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF) and their receptors have been the subject of intense research, revealing their roles in embryo development and human diseases. Drugs such as imatinib, which selectively inhibit the tyrosine kinase activity of these receptors, have been approved for the treatment of cancers such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors and chronic eosinophilic leukemia. Today, the interest in these factors is still increasing in relationship with new potential clinical applications in cancer, stroke, fibrosis and infectious diseases. This review focuses on the mechanisms of PDGF receptor signaling, with an emphasis on pathways that are important for disease development. Of particular interest, recent studies revealed significant differences between normal and cancer cells regarding signal transduction by these growth factors.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The Lymphotoxin (LT) pathway is best known for its role in orchestrating the development and homeostasis lymph nodes and Peyer's patch through the regulation of homeostatic chemokines. More recently an appreciation of the LTβR pathway in the production of Type I interferons (IFN-I) during homeostasis and infection has emerged. LTβR signaling is essential in differentiating stromal cells and macrophages in lymphoid organs to rapidly produce IFN-I in response to virus infections independently of the conventional TLR signaling systems. In addition, LTβR signaling is required to produce homeostatic levels of IFN-I from dendritic cells in order to effectively cross-prime a CD8+ T cell response to protein antigen. Importantly, pharmacological inhibition of LTβR signaling in mice has a profound positive impact on a number of autoimmune disease models, although it remains unclear if this efficacy is linked to IFN-I production during chronic inflammation. In this review, we will provide a brief overview of how the “Lymphotoxin Network” is linked to the IFN-I response and its impact on the immune system.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: BLyS family members govern selection and survival of cells in the preimmune B cell compartment, and emerging evidence suggests similar roles in antigen-experienced B cell pools. We review the features of this family, with particular emphasis on recent findings of how BLyS influences affinity maturation in germinal centers, which lie at the intersection of the pre-immune and antigen-experienced B cell compartments. We propose a model whereby tolerogenic selection at the transitional stage and affinity maturation in the germinal center employ the same BLyS driven mechanism.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: RANK and its ligand RANKL are key molecules in bone metabolism and are critically involved in pathologic bone disorders. Deregulation of the RANK/RANKL system is for example a main reason for the development of postmenopausal osteoporosis, which affects millions of women worldwide. Another essential function of RANK and RANKL is the development of a functional lactating mammary gland during pregnancy. Sex hormones, in particular progesterone, induce RANKL expression resulting in proliferation of mammary epithelial cells. Moreover, RANK and RANKL have been shown to regulate mammary epithelial stem cells. RANK and RANKL were also identified as critical mechanism in the development of hormone-induced breast cancer and metastatic spread of to bone. In this review, we will focus on the various RANK/RANKL functions ranging from bone physiology, immune regulation, and initiation of breast cancer.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A breadth of studies have demonstrated the importance of GITR-GITRL in diverse immune processes. However, only a limited number of studies to date have attributed the effects of GITR/GITRL to specific cell types. Moreover, the context-dependent role of GITR/GITRL in different models makes the consequences of GITR ligation difficult to generalize. There is significant interest in the therapeutic application of GITR agonists and antagonists in human disease. Thus, the field must come to a consensus regarding the cell type-specific and physiological effects of GITR in different disease states. Here we attempt to summarize the extensive literature on GITR, to synthesize a more cohesive picture of the role of GITR/GITRL in immunity, and to identify areas that require clarification.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The TNF family ligand Ectodysplasin A (EDA) regulates the induction, morphogenesis and/or maintenance of skin-derived structures such as teeth, hair, sweat glands and several other glands. Deficiencies in the EDA - EDA receptor (EDAR) signalling pathway cause hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). This syndrome is characterized by the absence or malformation of several skin-derived appendages resulting in hypotrychosis, hypodontia, heat-intolerance, dry skin and dry eyes, susceptibility to airways infections and crusting of various secretions. The EDA-EDAR system is an important effector of canonical Wnt signalling in developing skin appendages. It functions by stimulating NF-κB-mediated transcription of effectors or inhibitors of the Wnt, Sonic hedgehog (SHH), Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) pathways that regulate interactions within or between epithelial and mesenchymal cells and tissues. In animal models of Eda-deficiency, soluble EDAR agonists can precisely correct clinically relevant symptoms with low side effects even at high agonist doses, indicating that efficient negative feedback signals occur in treated tissues. Hijacking of the placental antibody transport system can help deliver active molecules to developing foetuses in a timely manner. EDAR agonists may serve to treat certain forms of ectodermal dysplasia.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Calprotectin represents an interesting peptide known to be involved in the pathophysiology of various inflammatory processes. Being secreted from activated neutrophils and monocytes under various conditions, it can also be found in the extracellular fluids and serve as a biomarker of ongoing inflammation, which property is currently used in the monitoring of inflammatory bowel diseases. Recent studies, however, suggest that calprotectin could serve as an important prognostic factor for cardiovascular and cardiometabolic diseases, since these are occurring on the basis of low-grade chronic inflammation. We assume that calprotectin may represent a useful marker in predicting the course of atherosclerotic process, coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndromes. Our review is focused on the importance of calprotectin in the diagnosis and prognostic stratification in the field of cardiometabolic risk.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This special issue of the Cytokine and Growth Factors Review is devoted to highlighting the exceptional science that was presented at the 14th International TNF Conference held in Québec City, Canada from July 7th - July 10th, 2013. In this beautiful and historic city, approximately 175 delegates gathered to hear and present the latest advances in the TNF superfamily (TNFSF) field across broad subjects such as cancer, signal transduction, tissue homeostasis, cell death and immunity. The science presented in oral and poster format was of the highest caliber, with exciting new stories “breaking” in this exciting inter-disciplinary area of research. We await with anticipation the next (15th) International TNF Conference to be held May 20-23rd, 2015 in Ghent, Belgium. Until then, À Bientôt!.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenic mechanisms of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), an increasingly recognized, immune-mediated form of chronic pancreatitis have so far remained elusive. Treatment options for AIP are currently limited and disease relapse is frequent. Still, AIP can be characterized by specific clinical and histologic features. It has turned out that as described in other autoimmune diseases the generation of tertiary lymphoid organs is also a hallmark of patients with AIP. We have recently demonstrated that pancreata derived from human AIP patients display overexpression of lymphotoxin (LT) α and β and LTβR-target genes expressed by immune cells but also by irradiation resistant cells of the pancreas (e.g. acinar cells). Expression of LT α and β on acinar cells in murine pancreata (Tg(Ela1-Lta,b) mice led to chronic pancreatitis and sufficed to reproduce key features of human AIP including the development of autoimmunity and AIP associated secondary extra pancreatic pathologies. Here we review how aberrant and ectopic expression of LT α and β can induce inflammation and autoimmune diseases in general and how this knowledge might specifically lead to an alternative treatment for patients suffering from autoimmune pancreatitis.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), characterized by inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss. While the majority of MS patients experience relapsing-remitting symptoms followed by a secondary progressive phase, about 10-15% patients exhibit a primary progressive disease involving continuous progression from its onset. Here we review the role of lectin-glycan recognition systems, including those concerning siglecs, C-type lectins and galectins in the pathogenesis of MS and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Particularly, we will focus on the role of galectins in the fate of T cells, dendritic cells and CNS cell populations. Understanding the regulatory circuits governed by lectin-glycan interactions and their association with disease-associated cytokine networks will contribute to develop novel therapeutic strategies in MS.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is due to antigen-specific assaults on the insulin producing pancreatic β-cells by diabetogenic T-helper (Th)1 cells. (C-X-C motif) ligand (CXCL)10, an interferon-γ inducible Th1 chemokine, and its receptor, (C-X-C motif) receptor (CXCR)3, have an important role in different autoimmune diseases. High circulating CXCL10 levels were detected in new onset T1D patients, in association with a Th1 autoimmune response. Furthermore β-cells produce CXCL10, under the influence of Th1 cytokines, that suppresses their proliferation. Viral β-cells infections induce cytokines and CXCL10 expression, inducing insulin-producing cell failure in T1D. CXCL10/CXCR3 system plays a critical role in the autoimmune process and in β-cells destruction in T1D. Blocking CXCL10 in new onset diabetes seems a possible approach for T1D treatment.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: B cell-activating factor belonging to the TNF family (BAFF) exerts its pathogenic role in supporting the survival and proliferation of B cells, regulating class switch recombination as well as the selection of autoreactive B cells. Overexpression of BAFF induces a dramatic expansion of activated B cells, particularly marginal zone B cells, as well as hypergammaglobulinemia, autoantibody production and immune complex deposition. However, in addition to its effect on B cells, recent work has also demonstrated that BAFF can promote T cell activation, proliferation and differentiation. In this review, we have discussed the recent progress on the function and role of BAFF on T cells and T cell-mediated diseases.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Stem cells are able to generate both cells that differentiate and cells that remain undifferentiated but potentially have the same developmental program. The prolonged duration of the protective immune memory for infectious diseases such as polio, small pox, and measles, suggested that memory T cells may have stem cell properties. Understanding the molecular basis for the life-long persistence of memory T cells may be useful to project targeted therapies for immune deficiencies and infectious diseases and to formulate vaccines. In the last decade evidence from different laboratories shows that memory T cells may share self-renewal pathways with bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells. In stem cells the intrinsic self-renewal activity, which depends on gene expression, is known to be modulated by extrinsic signals from the environment that may be tissue specific. These extrinsic signals for stemness of memory T cells include cytokines such as IL-7 and IL-15 and there are other cytokine signals for maintaining the cytokine signature (TH1, TH2, etc.) of memory T cells. Intrinsic and extrinsic pathways that might be common to bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells and memory T lymphocytes are discussed and related to self-renewal functions.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is the cause of a large proportion of breast cancer incidences and mortality in post-menopausal women. In obese people, elevated levels of various growth factors such as insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are found. Elevated insulin level leads to increased secretion of estrogen by binding to the circulating sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). The increased estrogen-mediated downstream signaling favors breast carcinogenesis. Obesity leads to altered expression profiles of various adipokines and cytokines including leptin, adiponectin, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β. The increased levels of leptin and decreased adiponectin secretion are directly associated with breast cancer development. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines within the tumor microenvironment promote tumor development. Efficacy of available breast cancer drugs against obesity-associated breast cancer is yet to be confirmed. In this review, we will discuss different adipokine- and cytokine-mediated molecular signaling pathways involved in obesity-associated breast cancer, available therapeutic strategies and potential therapeutic targets for obesity-associated breast cancer.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 10/2013;