Developmental and comparative immunology

Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 2.82

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.815
2013 Impact Factor 3.705
2012 Impact Factor 3.238
2011 Impact Factor 3.268
2010 Impact Factor 3.293
2009 Impact Factor 3.29
2008 Impact Factor 2.833
2007 Impact Factor 3.155
2006 Impact Factor 3.399
2005 Impact Factor 3.261
2004 Impact Factor 2.652
2003 Impact Factor 2.39
2002 Impact Factor 2.186
2001 Impact Factor 2.909
2000 Impact Factor 2.205
1999 Impact Factor 1.857
1998 Impact Factor 1.814
1997 Impact Factor 1.318
1996 Impact Factor 1.596
1995 Impact Factor 1.34
1994 Impact Factor 1.186
1993 Impact Factor 1.177
1992 Impact Factor 1.031

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.34
Cited half-life 6.20
Immediacy index 0.95
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.71
ISSN 1879-0089

Publisher details


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    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: LBPs (lipopolysaccharide binding proteins) and BPIs (bactericidal permeability increasing proteins) are important proteins involved in defense against bacterial pathogens. We recently discovered a novel biocidal activity of a LBP/BPI from the gastropod Biomphalaria glabrata and demonstrated its role in parental immune protection of eggs, highlighting the importance of LBP/BPIs in invertebrate immunity. Here we characterize four additional LBP/BPI from B. glabrata, presenting conserved sequence architecture and exon-intron structure. Searches of invertebrate genomes revealed that existence of LBP/BPIs is not a conserved feature since they are absent from phyla such as arthropods and platyhelminths. Analyses of LBP/BPI transcripts from selected mollusk species showed recent parallel duplications in some species, including B. glabrata. In this snail species, LBP/BPI members vary in their expression tissue localization as well as their change in expression levels after immune challenges (Gram-negative bacterium; Gram-positive bacterium or yeast). These results, together with the predicted protein features provide evidences of functional specialization of LBP/BPI family members in molluscs.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.006
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    ABSTRACT: B lymphopoiesis is necessary to generate a diverse pool of naïve B cells that are able to respond to a broad spectrum of antigens during immune responses to pathogens and to vaccination. Rabbits have been utilized for many years to generate high affinity monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. Specific antibodies generated in rabbits have greatly advanced scientific discoveries, but the unique qualities of rabbit B cell development have been underappreciated. Unlike in humans and mice, where B lymphopoiesis declines in mid to late life, B lymphopoiesis in rabbits arrests early in life, between 2-4 months of age. This review focuses on the early loss of B cell development in rabbits and the contribution of the bone marrow microenvironment to this process. We also propose directions for future research in this area, and discuss how the rabbit can be used as a model to understand the decline of B lymphopoiesis that occurs in humans late in life. Such studies will be important for developing therapeutics targeted to prevent and/or reverse declining B lymphopoiesis in the elderly, as well as boosting immunity and antibody responses after infection or vaccination.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.002
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    ABSTRACT: Astakine has been reported to be a hematopoietic growth factor of prokineticin homolog firstly found in arthropods freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus. In the present study, an astakine homologous gene was identified from Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas (designated CgAstakine). The full length cDNA of CgAstakine encoded a polypeptide of 103 amino acids containing a prokineticin (PK) domain homologous to that in astakine from freshwater crayfish P. leniusculus. The deduced amino acid sequence of CgAstakine shared higher similarity with those of other invertebrate astakines than prokineticins from vertebrates. The mRNA of CgAstakine was highly expressed in hepatopancreas and adductor muscle of oyster, while the CgAstakine protein was mainly distributed in hepatopancreas, gill and hemocytes. The mRNA expression of CgAstakine in hemocytes was significantly increased (p < 0.01) and maintained at a high level from 3 h to 9 h after Vibrio anguillarum challenge. After the oyster hemocytes were incubated with 5 μg/mL recombinant CgAstakine protein (rCgAstakine) for 24 h in vitro, the proliferation of hemocytes was significantly increased to 1.89 fold of that in control group (p < 0.05). Moreover, the total count of oyster hemocytes was significantly upregulated (2.45 fold of that in control group, p < 0.05) at 12 h after the oysters were received an injection of rCgAstakine (0.5 μg/g). These results collectively indicated that CgAstakine could modulate the hemocytes proliferation both in vitro and in vivo, and probably involved in the hematopoietic process fighting against the invasion of foreign pathogens.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.10.025
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    ABSTRACT: Haematopoiesis is a process that is responsible for generating sufficient numbers of blood cells in the circulation and in tissues. It is central to maintenance of homeostasis within an animal, and is critical for defense against infection. While haematopoiesis is common to all animals possessing a circulatory system, the specific mechanisms and ultimate products of haematopoietic events vary greatly. Our understanding of this process in non-vertebrate organisms is primarily derived from those species that serve as developmental and immunological models, with sparse investigations having been carried out in other organisms spanning the metazoa. As research into the regulation of immune and blood cell development advances, we have begun to gain insight into haematopoietic events in a wider array of animals, including the molluscs. What began in the early 1900's as observational studies on the morphological characteristics of circulating immune cells has now advanced to mechanistic investigations of the cytokines, growth factors, receptors, signalling pathways, and patterns of gene expression that regulate molluscan haemocyte development. Emerging is a picture of an incredible diversity of developmental processes and outcomes that parallels the biological diversity observed within the different classes of the phylum Mollusca. However, our understanding of haematopoiesis in molluscs stems primarily from the three most-studied classes, the Gastropoda, Cephalopoda and Bivalvia. While these represent perhaps the molluscs of greatest economic and medical importance, the fact that our information is limited to only 3 of the 9 extant classes in the phylum highlights the need for further investigation in this area. In this review, we summarize the existing literature that defines haematopoiesis and its products in gastropods, cephalopods and bivalves.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.010
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    ABSTRACT: The anterior pericardial wall of the snail Biomphalaria glabrata has been identified as a site of hemocyte production, hence has been named the amebocyte-producing organ (APO). A number of studies have shown that exogenous abiotic and biotic substances, including pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), are able to stimulate APO mitotic activity and/or enlarge its size, implying a role for the APO in innate immunity. The molecular mechanisms underlying such responses have not yet been explored, in part due to the difficulty in obtaining sufficient APO tissue for gene expression studies. By using a modified RNA extraction technique and microarray technology, we investigated transcriptomic responses of APOs dissected from snails at 24 hours post-injection with two bacterial PAMPs, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and peptidoglycan (PGN), or with fucoidan (FCN), which may mimic fucosyl-rich glycan PAMPs on sporocysts of Schistosoma mansoni. Based upon the number of genes differentially expressed, LPS exhibited the strongest activity, relative to saline-injected controls. A concurrent activation of genes involved in cell proliferation, immune response and detoxification metabolism was observed. A gene encoding checkpoint 1 kinase, a key regulator of mitosis, was highly expressed after stimulation by LPS. Also, seven different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases that play an essential role in protein synthesis were found to be highly expressed. In addition to stimulating genes involved in cell proliferation, the injected substances, especially LPS, also induced expression of a number of immune-related genes including arginase, peptidoglycan recognition protein short form, tumor necrosis factor receptor, ficolin, calmodulin, bacterial permeability increasing proteins and E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase. Importantly, significant up-regulation was observed in four GiMAP (GTPase of immunity-associated protein) genes, a result which provides the first evidence suggesting an immune role of GiMAP in protostome animals. Moreover, altered expression of genes encoding cytochrome P450, glutathione-S-transferase, multiple drug resistance protein as well as a large number of genes encoding enzymes associated with degradation and detoxification metabolism was elicited in response to the injected substances.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.008
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    ABSTRACT: Atlantic salmon was orally intubated with a highly purified β-glucan product (MacroGard®) to study the recognition of the molecule by the receptor genes, the regulation of the downstream signalling genes and global proteins, and the micromorphological changes in the intestine.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.007
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    ABSTRACT: Galectins, a family of β-galactoside-binding lectins, are pattern recognition receptors that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and are subsequently involved in the opsonization, phagocytosis, complement activation, and killing of microbes. Here, we report a novel galectin related protein (GRP) identified from rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus), designated OfGal like B. The cDNA of OfGal like B is 517 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 438 bp, encoding 145 amino acids, with a single carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD). However, only two of the seven critical residues responsible for carbohydrate recognition were identified in the CRD. There was no signal peptide identified in the OfGal like B protein. The genomic structure of OfGal like B, determined using a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) genomic library, consists of four exons and three introns. Homology assessment, multiple sequence alignment, and phylogenetic analysis indicated that OfGal like B is an evolutionarily conserved lectin that is closely related to the proto-type galectins. OfGal like B mRNA was constitutively expressed in a wide range of tissues in healthy rock breams. When challenged with bacterial or viral stimulants, OfGal like B was up-regulated in the gills and spleen of rock breams, indicating that it likely plays an important role during bacterial and viral infections. Furthermore, recombinant OfGal like B (rOfGal like B) lacked carbohydrate-binding activity but was able to recognize and agglutinate bacteria, including Streptococcus iniae, Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio tapetis, Escherichia coli, and Edwardsiella tarda, and a ciliate parasite, Miamiensis avidus. These results collectively suggest that OfGal like B is involved in pathogen recognition and plays a significant role(s) in the innate defense mechanism of rock bream.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.011
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    ABSTRACT: Marsupials are a group of mammals that give birth to immature young lacking mature immune tissues at birth, and are unable to mount their own specific immune defence. Their immune tissues develop in a non-sterile ex-utero environment unlike that of eutherian mammals such as ourselves. Marsupials are therefore ideal models for studying the development of immune tissues, in particular haematopoiesis, yet relatively little has been investigated. Most studies have been restricted to histological or immunohistological studies, however some factors likely to be involved, based on eutherian studies in haematopoiesis, have been isolated and characterised, including a few key markers, and some cell signaling and regulation molecules, mostly involved in lymphocytopoiesis. However the role of many molecules in haematopoiesis is largely presumed. We currently lack much of the rudimentary information regarding time of appearance and expression levels of these molecules, and no functional studies have been conducted. This paper reviews our knowledge of marsupial haematopoiesis to date, and highlights the need for future research in marsupials to gain further insights into the evolution of haematopoiesis.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.11.009
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    ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma bovis causes pneumonia, otitis media, and arthritis in young calves, resulting in economic losses to the cattle industry worldwide. M. bovis pathogenesis results in part from excessive immune responses. Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) can potently induce host innate immunity. However, interactions between M. bovis-derived LAMPs and Toll-like receptors (TLRs), or signaling pathways eliciting active inflammation and NF-κB activation, are incompletely understood. Here, we found that IL-1β expression was induced in embryonic bovine lung (EBL) cells stimulated with M. bovis-derived LAMPs. Subcellular-localization analysis revealed nuclear p65 translocation following EBL cell stimulation with M. bovis-derived LAMPs. An NF-κB inhibitor reversed M. bovis-derived LAMP-induced IL-1β expression. TLR2 and myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) overexpression increased LAMP-dependent IL-1β induction. TLR2-neutralizing antibodies reduced IL-1β expression during LAMP stimulation. LAMPs also inhibited IL-1β expression following overexpression of a dominant-negative MyD88 protein. These results suggested that M. bovis-derived LAMPs activate IL-1β production through the NF-κB pathway via TLR2 and MyD88.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 10/2015; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.10.017
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    ABSTRACT: Akirin is a recently discovered nuclear factor that plays important roles in innate immune responses. Akirin is a positive regulator of the NF-κB factor of the Drosophila immune deficiency (IMD) pathway, which shares extensive similarities with the mammalian tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) signaling pathway. However, some studies found that the NF-κB transcriptional targets were also strongly repressed in akirin2 knockout mice following TLR, IL-1β and TNFα treatment. Therefore, the function of Akirin in the immune response requires further clarification. In this study, an Akirin homolog in the kuruma shrimp (Marsupenaeus japonicus) was identified. It was mainly expressed in hemocytes, heart and intestines. The expression of Akirin was upregulated by challenge with the Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio anguillarum, but was not significantly influenced by challenge with the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. Knockdown of Akirin suppressed the expression of several IMD-Relish target effectors (antimicrobial peptides, AMPs). The limited regulating spectrum of Akirin might be associated with Bap60, a component of the Brahma (SWI/SNF) ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complex. In addition, Akirin also interacts with 14-3-3, which inhibited the expression of Akirin-target AMPs. The results suggested that Akirin is involved in the IMD-Relish pathway by interacting with Relish. The interaction of Akirin with Bap60 positively regulated the Akirin-Relish function, and its interaction with 14-3-3 negatively regulated the Akirin-Relish function.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 10/2015; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.10.015
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    ABSTRACT: The mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) is vital for host defenses against viral infection by inducing expression of type I interferon. Here, the MAVS of sea perch (Lateolabrax japonicus)(LjMAVS) was cloned and analyzed. The complete cDNA sequence of LjMAVS was 3207 bp and encoded a polypeptide of 601 amino acids. LjMAVS contains an N-terminal CARD-like domain, a central proline-rich domain and a C-terminal transmembrane domain. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that LjMAVS exhibited the closest relationship to Oplegnathus fasciatus MAVS. LjMAVS was ubiquitously expressed in all tested tissues of healthy fish. The expression of LjMAVS was significantly increased post nervous necrosis virus (NNV) infection in vivo in all the selected tissues. Furthermore, time course analysis showed that LjMAVS transcripts significantly increased in the brain, spleen and kidney tissues after NNV infection. LjMAVS mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in vitro after poly I:C stimulation. The viral gene transcription of RGNNV was significantly decreased in LjMAVS over-expressing LJB cells. These findings provide useful information for further elucidating the function of LjMAVS in antiviral innate immune against NNV in sea perch.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 10/2015; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.10.014

  • Developmental and comparative immunology 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2015.10.016