Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 2.14

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.138
2013 Impact Factor 2.082
2012 Impact Factor 2.196
2011 Impact Factor 2.341
2010 Impact Factor 2.266
2009 Impact Factor 2.416
2008 Impact Factor 2.578
2007 Impact Factor 2.871
2006 Impact Factor 2.721
2005 Impact Factor 2.694
2004 Impact Factor 2.705
2003 Impact Factor 2.754
2002 Impact Factor 2.778
2001 Impact Factor 3.041
2000 Impact Factor 2.461
1999 Impact Factor 2.258
1998 Impact Factor 2.007
1997 Impact Factor 1.838
1996 Impact Factor 1.931
1995 Impact Factor 2.16
1994 Impact Factor 2.305
1993 Impact Factor 2.407
1992 Impact Factor 2.569

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.19
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.62
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 0.61
ISSN 1879-0038

Publisher details


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  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
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    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oomycetes are eukaryotic microorganisms, which are phylogenetically distinct from the true-fungi, which they resemble morphologically. While many oomycetes are pathogenic to plants, Pythium insidiosum is capable of infecting humans and animals. Mitochondrial (mt) genomes are valuable genetic resources for exploring the evolution of eukaryotes. During the course of 454-based nuclear genome sequencing, we identified a complete 54.9 kb mt genome sequence, containing 2 large inverted repeats, from P. insidiosum. It contains 65 different genes (including 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 25 transfer RNA genes and 38 genes encoding NADH dehydrogenases, cytochrome b, cytochrome c oxidases, ATP synthases, and ribosomal proteins). Thirty-nine of the 65 genes have two copies, giving a total of 104 genes. A set of 30 conserved protein-coding genes from the mt genomes of P. insidiosum, 11 other oomycetes, and 2 diatoms (outgroup) were used for phylogenetic analyses. The oomycetes can be classified into 2 phylogenetic groups, in relation to their taxonomic lineages: Saprolegnialean and Peronosporalean. P. insidiosum is more closely related to Pythium ultimum than other oomycetes. In conclusion, the complete mt genome of P. insidiosum was successfully sequenced, assembled, and annotated, providing a useful genetic resource for exploring the biology and evolution of P. insidiosum and other oomycetes. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Gene 12/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.08.036
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    ABSTRACT: Typhoid presents a major health concern in developing countries with an estimated annual infection rate of 21 million. The disease is caused by Salmonella typhi, a pathogenic bacterium acquiring multiple drug resistance. We aim to identify proteins that could prove to be putative drug targets in the genome of S. typhi str. Ty2. We employed comparative and subtractive genomics to identify targets that are absent in humans and are essential to S. typhi Ty2. We concluded that 46 proteins essential to pathogen are absent in the host genome. Filtration on the basis of drug target prioritization singled out 20 potentially therapeutic targets. Their absence in the host and specificity to S. typhi Ty2 makes them ideal targets for treating typhoid in Homo sapiens. 3D structures of two of the final target enzymes, MurA and MurB have been predicted via homology modeling which are then used for a docking study.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.11.007
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    ABSTRACT: Transparent Testa 12 (TT12) is a kind of transmembrane transporter of proanthocyanidins (PAs), which belongs to a membrane-localized multidrug and toxin efflux (MATE) family, but the molecular basis of PAs transport is still poorly understood. Here, we cloned a full-length TT12 cDNA from the fiber of brown cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), named GhTT12 (GenBank accession No. KF240564), which comprised 1733 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 1503 bp and encoded a putative protein containing 500 amino acid residues with a typical MATE conserved domain. The GhTT12 gene had 96.8% similarity to AA genome in Gossypiumarboretum. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis denoted that the relative expression of GhTT12 in brown cotton was 1-5 folds higher than that in white cotton. The mRNA level was the highest at 5days post anthesis (DPA) and reduced gradually during the fiber development. Expressing GhTT12-fused green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Nicotiana tabacum showed that GhTT12-GFP was localized in the vacuole membrane. The content of PAs increased firstly and decreased afterwards, and reached the maximum at 15 DPA in brown cotton. But for white cotton, the content of PAs remained at a low level during the fiber development. We speculate that GhTT12 may participate in the transportation of PAs from the cytoplasmic matrix to the vacuole. Taken together, our data revealed that GhTT12 was functional as a PAs transmembrane transporter.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.11.002
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amelogenins, the most abundant proteins in tooth enamel extracellular matrix (ECM), are essential for tooth amelogenesis. The nucleotide sequence of amelogenin gene (AMEL) for rabbit, as an important member of mammals and good continuously growing incisor model, is important for comparative and evolutional study. Previous studies about rabbit amelogenin proteins got no consensus yet even as to their existence or size. In this study, with combined usage of in silico and molecular cloning technologies, we identified sequences of two transcripts of rabbit amelogenin, resulting from the alternative splicing of the 45-bp exon 4. The coding regions of the two transcripts are of 567- and 522-bp, encoding 188 and 173 amino acids including a 17-residue signal peptide, respectively. Sequence analysis revealed that rabbit amelogenin features in extremely high GC-content in nucleotide sequence and Alanine content in protein sequence. Detailed comparison of amino acid sequence with other mammals showed that the rabbit amelogenin protein is conserved in the sites and regions important for protein functions. Overall, our results uncovered the mysteries about rabbit amelogenin and revealed its sequence peculiarities.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.11.004
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    ABSTRACT: Serum and glucocorticoid kinase 1 (SGK1) has been reported to be up-regulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, its functions in NSCLC remained unclear. Here, SGK1 was found to be up-regulated in NSCLC samples. Over-expression of SGK1 promoted the growth and migration of NSCLC cells, while down-regulation of SGK1 inhibited the growth, migration and metastasis of NSCLC cells. SGK1 promoted the phosphorylation of GSK3 beta and the accumulation of beta-catenin, up-regulation of the target genes downstream of beta-catenin/TCF signaling, and activating the transcriptional activity of beta-catenin/TCF complex. Collectively, SGK1 might promote the progression of NSCLC through activating beta-catenin/TCF signaling.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.072
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Results: The histological results showed abnormal morphology of endothelial cells after 2-h ischemia and the hematological detection found slightly extension of coagulation time after I/R treatment. Furthermore, we found distinct alterations in gene expression patterns during I/R process. These identified genes are mostly involved in inflammation, immune response, apoptosis, and cell stress signaling pathways. The significantly up-regulated genes included IL-6, regulator of G-protein signaling 8, selectin E, and metallothionein 2A, et al. Whist, the robustly down-regulated genes included NECAP endocytosis associated 2, transglutaminase 2, and fibronectin 1, et al. Conclusion: Our results indicate that inflammation, primarily characterized by gene expression changes of cytokines and chemokines is the most important event in the early stage of I/R injury in blood vessels.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.073
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Most cases of CHARGE syndrome are sporadic and autosomal dominant. CHD7 is a major causative gene of CHARGE syndrome. In this study, we screened CHD7 in two Turkish patients who had CHARGE syndrome symptoms as coloboma, heart defect, choanal atresia, retarded growth and ear anomalies and found a novel splice-site mutation (c.2443-2A>G) and a previously known frameshift mutation (c.2504_2508delATCTT). We performed exon trapping analysis to determine the effect of the c.2443-2A>G mutation at the transcriptional level, and found that it caused a complete skip of exon 7 and splicing at a cryptic splice acceptor site. Our current study is the second study demonstrating an exon 7 deficit in CHD7. Results of previous studies suggest that the c.2443-2A>G mutation affects the formation of nasal tissues and the neural retina during early development, resulting in choanal atresia and coloboma, respectively. The findings of the present study will improve our understanding of the genetic causes of CHARGE syndrome.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.11.006
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Invasive progression is the major lethal cause of prostate cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of kindlin-2, a integrin-binding focal adhesion protein, in the regulation of invasiveness of prostate cancer. We found that downregulation of kindlin-2 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) technology significantly inhibited the invasion of PC-3 and DU-145 prostate cancer cells in a Matrigel Transwell assay. Conversely, overexpression of kindlin-2 promoted the invasiveness of prostate cancer cells. Kindlin-2 overexpression was found to activate nuclear factor (NF)-κB-dependent signaling and upregulate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and MMP-2, whereas kindlin-2 silencing led to opposing effects on the expression of NF-κB and MMPs. Most importantly, kindlin-2-induced invasiveness was almost completely abolished by pretreatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (an inhibitor of NF-κB signaling) or co-transfection with MMP-9 or MMP-2 siRNA. Taken together, our data indicate that kindlin-2 promotes the invasiveness of prostate cancer cells largely through NF-κB-dependent upregulation of MMP-9 and MMP-2. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the significance of kindlin-2 as a therapeutic target for metastatic prostate cancer.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.11.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Paphia textile is an important, aquaculture bivalve clam species distributed mainly in China, Philippines, and Malaysia. Recent studies of P. textile have focused mainly on artificial breeding and nutrition analysis, and the transcriptome and genome of P. textile have rarely been reported. In this work, the transcriptome of P. textile foot tissue was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 platform. A total of 20,219,795 reads were generated, resulting in 4.08Gb of raw data. The raw reads were cleaned and assembled into 54,852 unigenes with an N50 length of 829bp. Of these unigenes, 38.92% were successfully annotated based on their matches to sequences in seven public databases. Among the annotated unigenes, 14,571 were assigned Gene Ontology terms, 5448 were classified to Clusters of Orthologous Groups categories, and 6738 were mapped to 228 pathways in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database. For functional marker development, 5605 candidate simple sequence repeats were identified in the transcriptome and 80 primer pairs were selected randomly and amplified in a wild population of P. textile. A total of 36 loci that exhibited obvious repeat length polymorphisms were detected. The transcriptomic data and microsatellite markers will provide valuable resources for future functional gene analyses, genetic map construction, and quantitative trait loci mapping in P. textile.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.11.001
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    ABSTRACT: In order to study whether Tnfaip3 is related to stress response and further to find it's genetic regulation, we use C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2 (D2) mice to built the model of chronic unpredictable mild stress. RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were used for studying the expression variation of Tnfaip3 in hippocampus tissue of B6 and D2 mice after being stressed. We found that the expression of Tnfaip3 was more remarkably increased in chronic unpredictable stress models than that in untreated mice (P<0.05). It is indicated that Tnfaip3 might take part in the process of stress response. The expression of Tnfaip3 is regulated by a cis-acting quantitative trait locus (cis-eQTL). We identified 5 genes are controlled by Tnfaip3 and the expression of 64 genes highly associated with Tnfaip3, 9 of those have formerly been participate in stress related pathways. In order to estimate the relationship between Tnfaip3 and its downstream genes or network members, we transfected SH-SY5Y cells with Tnfaip3 siRNA leading to down-regulation of Tnfaip3 mRNA. We confirmed a significant influence of Tnfaip3 depletion on the expression of Tsc22d3, Pex7, Rap2a, Slc2a3, and Gap43. These validated downstream genes and members of Tnfaip3 gene network provide us new insight into the biological mechanisms of Tnfaip3 in chronic unpredictable stress.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.071
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    ABSTRACT: Protein kinase R (PKR), the double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase, exists in mammalian and fish. PKZ, a PKR-like protein kinase containing Z-DNA binding domains, just exists in fish. PKR and PKZ work synergistically in the antiviral defense by inhibiting intracellular proteins translation. The transcriptional factor IRF3 (Interferon Regulatory Factor 3) acts as a key regulator of type I IFN (Interferon) and ISG (Interferon Stimulated Gene). On the basis of the cloned CiIRF3 previously, CiIRF3 with His-tag was over-expressed in BL21 Escherichia coli, and the expressed protein was purified by affinity chromatography with Ni-NTA His-Bind Resin. In this study, we have demonstrated that grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) PKR (CiPKR) and PKZ (CiPKZ) genes were inducible by Poly I:C in C. idella kidney (CIK) cells. So, they might be implicated in the intracellular antiviral activity. To understand the up regulatory mechanism of CiPKR and CiPKZ genes upon virus induction, we constructed wild type (pGL3-CiPKR-luc and pGL3-CiPKZ-luc) and the mutant (pGL3-CiPKR-nISRE-luc and pGL3-CiPKZ-nISRE-luc) reporter gene vectors according to the promoter sequences of CiPKR (KJ704845) and CiPKZ (KJ704844). In vitro, Gel mobility shift assays demonstrated that CiIRF3 can combine CiPKR and CiPKZ promoters with high affinity. However, CiIRF3 bound to the mutants CiPKR-nISRE and CiPKZ-nISRE faintly. Whereafter, the recombinant plasmids of pGL3-CiPKR-luc, pGL3-CiPKZ-luc were transiently co-transfected with pcDNA3.1-CiIRF3, pcDNA3.1-CiIRF7 respectively into CIK cells. Cell transfection assays indicated that CiIRF3 and CiIRF7 up-regulated the transcriptional level of CiPKR and CiPKZ. The results also revealed that the consensus sequence of ISRE (Interferon Stimulated Response Element) is an important regulatory element for the transcriptional initiation of CiPKR and CiPKZ.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.070
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    ABSTRACT: Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is involved in ion transport, acid-base balance and pH regulation by catalyzing the interconversion of CO2 and HCO3(-). In this study, full-length cDNA sequences of two CA isoforms were identified from Portunus trituberculatus. One was Portunus trituberculatus cytoplasmic carbonic anydrase (PtCAc) and the other one was Portunus trituberculatus glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-linked carbonic anhydrase (PtCAg). The sequence of PtCAc was formed by an ORF of 816bp, encoding a protein of 30.18kDa. The PtCAg was constituted by an ORF of 927bp, encoding a protein of 34.09kDa. The deduced amino acid sequences of the two CA isoforms were compared to other crustacean(') CA sequences. Both of them reflected high conservation of the residues and domains essential to the function of the two enzymes. The tissue expression analysis of PtCAc and PtCAg were detected in gill, muscle, hepatopancreas, hemocytes and gonad. PtCAc and PtCAg gene expressions were studied under salinity and pH challenge. The results showed that when salinity decreased (30 to 20ppt), the mRNA expression of PtCAc increased significantly at 24 and 48h, and the highest value appeared at 24h. The mRNA expression of PtCAg had the same situation with PtCAc. However, when salinity increased (30 to 35ppt), only the mRNA expression of PtCAc increased significantly at 48h. When pH changed, only the mRNA expression of PtCAc increased significantly at 12h, which was under low pH situation. The mRNA expression of PtCAg increased significantly at 12-48h, and there was no significant difference of the expression between the pH challenged group and the control group in other experimental time. The results provided the base of understanding CA' function and the underlying mechanism in response to environmental changes in crustaceans.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.049
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    ABSTRACT: Lutein plays an important role in protecting the photosynthetic apparatus from photodamage and eliminating ROS to render normal physiological function of cells. As a rate-limiting step for lutein synthesis in plants, lycopene ε-cyclase catalyzes lycopene to δ-carotene. We cloned a lycopene ε-cyclase gene (Lcε-LYC) from Lycium chinense (L. chinense), a deciduous woody perennial halophyte growing in various environmental conditions. The Lcε-LYC gene has an ORF of 1569bp encoding a protein of 522 aa. The deduced amino acid sequence of Lcε-LYC gene has higher homology with LycEs in other plants, such as Nicotiana tabacum and Solanum tuberosum. When L. chinense was exposed to chilling stress, relative expression of Lcε-LYC increased. To study the protective role of Lcε-LYC against chilling stress, we overexpressed the Lcε-LYC gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. Lcε-LYC overexpression led to an increase of lutein accumulation in transgenic A. thaliana, and the content of lutein decreased when transgenics were under cold conditions. In addition, the transgenic plants under chilling stress displayed higher activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) and less H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA) than the control. Moreover, the photosynthesis rate, photosystem II activity (Fv/fm), and Non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) also increased in the transgenetic plants. On the whole, overexpression of Lcε-LYC ameliorates photoinhibition and photooxidation, and decreases the sensitivity of photosynthesis to chilling stress in transgenic plants.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.051
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    ABSTRACT: Troponin I (TnI) is the inhibitory subunit of the troponin complex in the sarcomeric thin filament of striated muscle and plays a central role in the calcium regulation of contraction and relaxation. Vertebrate TnI has evolved into three isoforms encoded by three homologous genes: TNNI1 for slow skeletal muscle TnI, TNNI2 for fast skeletal muscle TnI and TNNI3 for cardiac TnI, which are expressed under muscle type-specific and developmental regulations. To summarize the current knowledge on the TnI isoform genes and products, this review focuses on the evolution, gene regulation, posttranslational modifications, and structure-function relationship of TnI isoform proteins. Their physiological and medical significances are also discussed.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.052
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    ABSTRACT: Ribosomal protein L34 (RPL34) was reported to involve in the regulation of cell proliferation of prokaryotes, plant and animal cells. In present study, we analyze the expression and function of RPL34 in NSCLC. Immunohistochemical analysis, qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of RPL34 in NSCLC tissues and cells lines. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell activity of NSCLC cells line H1299 under lentivirus-mediated RNAi on RPL34. Cell proliferation and colony formation assays were used to analyze the role of RPL34 in NSCLC cell proliferation. We found that expression of ribosomal protein RPL34 was significantly up-regulated in NSCLC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Lentivirus-mediated shRNA knockdown of RPL34 in NSCLC cell line H1299 resulted in strong decrease of proliferation, moderate but significant increase of apoptosis and S-phase arrest. These data indicate that over-expressed RPL34 may promote malignant proliferation of NSCLC cells, thus plays an important role in development and progress of NSCLC.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.053
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    ABSTRACT: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone III (GnRH3) is considered to be a key neurohormone in fish reproduction control. In the present study, the cDNA and genomic sequences of GnRH3 were cloned and characterized from large yellow croaker Larimichthys crocea. The cDNA encoded a protein of 99 amino acids with four functional motifs. The full-length genome sequence was composed of 3797 nucleotides, including four exons and three introns. Higher identities of amino acid sequences and conserved exon-intron organizations were found between LcGnRH3 and other GnRH3 genes. In addition, some special features of the sequences were detected in partial species. For example, two specific residues (V and A) were found in the family Sciaenidae, and the unique 75-72bp type of the open reading frame 2 and 3 existed in the family Cyprinidae. Analysis of the 2576bp promoter fragment of LcGnRH3 showed a number of transcription factor binding sites, such as AP1, CREB, GATA-1, HSF, FOXA2, and FOXL1. Promoter functional analysis using an EGFP reporter fusion in zebrafish larvae presented positive signals in the brain, including the olfactory region, the terminal nerve ganglion, the telencephalon, and the hypothalamus. The expression pattern was generally consistent with the endogenous GnRH3 GFP-expressing transgenic zebrafish lines, but the details were different. These results indicate that the structure and function of LcGnRH3 are generally similar to the other teleost GnRH3 genes, but there exist some distinctions among them.
    Gene 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.063