Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 2.29

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.289
2013 Impact Factor 4.506
2012 Impact Factor 2.552

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 3.60
Immediacy index 0.49
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
ISSN 1876-861X

Publisher details


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    • Author can archive a pre-print version
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  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 46 year old female with history of progressive shortness of breath for 3 years associated with recurrent right lung infiltrates and hemoptisis. A computed tomography of the chest showed a left atrial mass suggestive of atrial myxoma confirmed with transesophageal echocardiogram. Contrary with findings from a dedicated EKG gated cardiac computed tomography suggestive of cor triatriatum with associated thrombus and less likely a neoplasm; findings later on confirmed during surgery. Cardiac CT offers superior spatial resolution and multi-planar image reconstructions, allowing improved characterization of cardiac structures and cardiac masses compared to other traditional cardiovascular imaging modalities.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.10.004
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The epicardial fat volume (EFV) measured by cardiac CT has emerged as an important parameter for understanding the pathophysiology of coronary atherosclerosis. Objective: We investigated the variability and reproducibility of EFV measurements and evaluated the effect of model-based type iterative reconstruction (M-IR) on measurement results. Methods: Non-contrast cardiac CT data (tube voltage 120-kVp, tube current time product 32 mAs) of 30 consecutive patients were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid type iterative reconstruction (H-IR), and M-IR using a slice thickness of 3.0 mm. CT attenuation and image noise was measured for all reconstructions. Two observers independently quantified EFV using semi-automated software and interobserver agreement was evaluated. Results: There was no significant difference in the CT attenuation of the ascending aorta among the three reconstructions. The mean image noise on FBP-, H-IR-, and M-IR images was 48.0 ± 7.9 HU, 29.6 ± 4.8 HU, and 9.3 ± 1.3 HU, respectively; there was a significant difference among all comparison combinations for the three reconstructions (p < 0.01). FBP yielded the highest EFV among the three reconstructions (171.0 ± 54.9 cm(3) [FBP], 153.8 ± 53.1 cm(3) [H-IR], and 134.0 ± 46.4 cm(3) [M-IR]). For all three reconstructions, interobserver correlations were excellent (r = 0.91 [FBP], 0.93 [H-IR], and 0.96 [M-IR]). Interobserver comparisons showed that the lowest Bland-Altman limit of agreement was with M-IR (mean difference 2.0 ± 4.9%, 95% limit of agreement, -24.0 to 28.0%) followed by H-IR (-2.6 ± 7.1%, -39.8 to 34.6%) and FBP (-0.2 ± 8.6%, -45.3- to 45.0%). Conclusion: For the quantification of epicardial fat by cardiac CT, model-based iterative reconstruction can improve the image quality and lessen measurement variability.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.10.006
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    ABSTRACT: Anomalous aortic origin of coronary artery (AAOCA) is rare but critical for the association with sudden cardiac death. In detecting the origin of AAOCA, coronary CT angiography is more accurate than invasive coronary angiography, but only with anatomical evaluation. A novel technology FFRCT, which is noninvasively computed by coronary CT image, can evaluate functional ischemia of coronary artery even without atherosclerotic plaque and has potential for innovation in AAOCA.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.11.001
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To describe the relationship between a novel measurement of peri-arotic root fat and ultrasound measures of carotid artery remodeling. Materials and methods: We studied 1492 consecutive subjects (mean age: 51.04 ± 8.97 years, 27% females) who underwent an annual cardiovascular risk survey in Taiwan. Peri-aortic root fat (PARF) was assessed by cardiac CT using three-dimensional (3D) volume assessment. Carotid artery morphology and remodeling were assessed by ultrasound. We explored the relationships between PARF volumes, cardiometabolic risk profiles and carotid morphology and remodeling. Results: Mean PARF volume in current study was 20.8 ± 10.6 ml. PARF was positively correlated with measures of general adiposity, systemic inflammation, and several traditional cardiometabolic risk profiles (all p < 0.001) and successfully predicted metabolic syndrome (MetS) (AUROC: 0.75, 95%, confidence interval: 0.72-0.77). Higher PARF was independently associated with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) (β-coef.: 0.08) and diameter (β-coef.: 0.08, both p < 0.05) after accounting for age, sex, BMI and other cardiovascular risk factors. The addition of PARF beyond metabolic syndrome components significantly provided incremental prediction value for abnormal IMT (ΔAUROC: 0.053, p = 0.0021). Conclusion: Peri-aortic root fat is associated with carotid IMT, even after adjustment for cardiometabolic risks, age and coronary atherosclerosis. Further research studies are warranted to identify the mediators of downstream pathophysiologic effects on carotid arteries by PARF and understand the mechanisms related to this correlation.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.10.002

  • Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.09.005
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    ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old woman presented with progressive heart failure. Echocardiography demonstrated constrictive physiology and a non-contrast cardiac CT scan showed a hyperdense pericardial effusion with a high Hounsfield unit of 150 suggestive of "milk of calcium" pericardial effusion. She underwent pericardiectomy and large amount of viscous muddy-coloured pericardial fluid was drained. Analysis of the pericardial showed very high calcium content of 830 mmol/L.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.09.001
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To comprehensively evaluate quantitative parameters derived from routine coronary CT angiography (cCTA) for predicting lesion-specific ischemia in comparison to invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR). Background: The ability of cCTA to gauge lesion-specific ischemia is limited. Several quantitative parameters have been proposed to enhance the specificity of cCTA, such as morphologic indices (lesion length/minimal lumen diameter(4) [LL/MLD(4)]; percentage aggregate plaque volume [%APV]) and a measure of intracoronary contrast gradients (corrected coronary opacification [CCO]). Methods: Forty-nine patients who had undergone cCTA followed by FFR within 3 months were included. An experienced observer visually assessed all cCTA studies and derived multiple measures characterizing the lesion of interest, including LL, MLD, minimal lumen area (MLA), LL/MLD(4), remodeling index, %APV, and CCO. Lesion-specific ischemia was considered with FFR <0.8. Results: Among 56 lesions, 13 were flow-obstructing by FFR. On univariate analysis, LL, MLD, LL/MLD(4), and CCO showed discriminatory power. The area under the curve of LL/MLD(4) (0.909) was significantly greater compared with MLD (0.802, P = 0.014), LL (0.739, P = 0.041), and CCO (0.809), although the latter did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.175). On multivariate regression, LL/MLD(4) was the only independent predictor of lesion-specific ischemia (odds ratio 2.021, P = 0.001). Moreover, LL/MLD(4) compared favorably to visual cCTA evaluation. Conclusion: LL/MLD(4) derived from routine cCTA can enhance the detection of lesion-specific ischemia and may be superior to other described quantitative parameters.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.08.003
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    ABSTRACT: Practice guidelines issued by professional societies significantly impact cardiology practice throughout the world. They increasingly incorporate cardiac CT imaging. This review systematically analyzes clinical practice guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)/American Heart Association (AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) as well as the multi-societal appropriateness criteria in their latest versions as of September 1st, 2015, in order to identify the extent to which they include recommendations to use cardiac CT in specific clinical situations.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.09.003
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    ABSTRACT: A 69-year-old female underwent cardiac CT to evaluate prosthetic valve (PHV) dysfunction detected on echocardiography. A CT coronal and en face views of the mitral annular plane showed a low-density, mass-like lesion on the left atrial side of the PHV and a high-density, plate-like lesion on the left ventricular side of PHV. A repeat of the mitral valve replacement was performed, and preoperative CT findings of both the thrombus on the left atrial side and pannus formation on the LV side were confirmed in the operative findings.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.09.004
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the maximally achievable computed tomography (CT) dose reduction for coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring with iterative reconstruction (IR) by using phantom-experiments and a systematical within-patient study. Our local institutional review-board approved this study and informed consent was obtained from all participants. A phantom and patient study were conducted with 30 patients (23 men, median age 55.0 (52.0-56.0) years) who underwent 256-slice electrocardiogram-triggered CAC-scoring at four dose levels (routine, 60%, 40%, and 20%-dose) in a single session. Tube-voltage was 120 kVp, tube-current was lowered to achieve stated dose levels. Data were reconstructed with filtered back-projection (FBP) and three IR levels. Agatston, volume and mass scores were determined with validated software and compared using Wilcoxon signed ranks-tests. Subsequently, patient reclassification was analyzed. The phantom study showed that Agatston scores remained nearly stable with FBP between routine-dose and 40%-dose and increased substantially at lower dose. Twenty-three patients (77%) had coronary calcifications. For Agatston scoring, one 40%-dose and six 20%-dose FBP reconstructions were not interpretable due to noise. In contrast, with IR all reconstructions were interpretable. Median Agatston scores increased with FBP from 26.1 (5.2-192.2) at routine-dose to 60.5 (11.6-251.7) at 20% dose. However, IR lowered Agatston scores to 22.9 (5.9-195.5) at 20%-dose and strong IR (level 7) with Agatston reclassifications in 15%. IR allows for CAC-scoring radiation dose reductions of up to 80% resulting in effective doses between 0.15 and 0.18 mSv. At these dose-levels, reclassification-rates remain within 15% if the highest IR-level is applied. Copyright © 2015 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.08.004

  • Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.08.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While coronary CT angiography (coronary CTA) may be comparable to standard care in diagnosing acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in emergency department (ED) chest pain patients, it has traditionally been obtained prior to ED discharge and a strategy of delayed outpatient coronary CTA following an ED visit has not been evaluated. To investigate the safety of discharging stable ED patients and obtaining outpatient CCTA. At two urban Canadian EDs, patients up to 65 years with chest pain but no findings indicating presence of ACS were further evaluated depending upon time of presentation: (1) ED-based coronary CTA during normal working hours, (2) or outpatient coronary CTA within 72 hours at other times. All data were collected prospectively. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who had an outpatient coronary CTA ordered and had a predefined major adverse cardiac event (MACE) between ED discharge and outpatient CT; secondary outcome was the ED length of stay in both groups. From July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2014, we enrolled 521 consecutive patients: 350 with outpatient CT and 171 with ED-based CT. Demographics and risk factors were similar in both cohorts. No outpatient CT patients had a MACE prior to coronary CTA. (0.0%, 95% CI 0 to 0.9%) The median length of stay for ED-based evaluation was 6.6 hours (interquartile range 5.4 to 8.3 hours) while the outpatient group had a median length of stay of 7.0 hours (IQR 6.0 to 9.8 hours, n.s.). In ED chest pain patients with a low risk of ACS, performing coronary CTA as an outpatient may be a safe strategy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.08.001
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    ABSTRACT: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) classically consists of four characteristic features-right ventricular outflow obstruction, right ventricular hypertrophy, ventricular septal defect and an overriding aorta. In addition there are multiple other associated cardiac anomalies, including coronary artery anomalies. In this review, the role of CT angiography and the spectrum of coronary anomalies will be discussed along with importance of such anomalies in the context of surgery. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.01.018
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    ABSTRACT: Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) has been used to reduce radiation dose in cardiac computed tomography. However, change of image parameters by ASIR as compared to filtered back projection (FBP) may influence quantification of coronary calcium. To investigate the influence of ASIR on calcium quantification in comparison to FBP. In 352 patients, CT images were reconstructed using FBP alone, FBP combined with ASIR 30%, 50%, 70%, and ASIR 100% based on the same raw data. Image noise, plaque density, Agatston scores and calcium volumes were compared among the techniques. Image noise, Agatston score, and calcium volume decreased significantly with ASIR compared to FBP (each P < 0.001). Use of ASIR reduced Agatston score by 10.5% to 31.0%. In calcified plaques both of patients and a phantom, ASIR decreased maximum CT values and calcified plaque size. In comparison to FBP, adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) may significantly decrease Agatston scores and calcium volumes. Copyright © 2015 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.07.012
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the morphologic characteristics of early and late stages of chronic total coronary artery occlusions (CTO) in coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA). We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent coronary CTA and invasive coronary angiography and had at least one CTO with known duration. The following parameters were obtained in coronary CTA: calcification of the occluded segment; stump morphology; lesion length; remodeling index; presence of intra-occlusion linear contrast enhancement; and density of non-calcified CTO components. CT parameters were compared between patients with early (duration ≤ 12 months) and late (duration > 12 months) stage CTO. One-hundred and twelve patients with 124 chronically occluded coronary arteries were analyzed. Fifty nine patients had early stage CTOs (62 lesions) and 53 patients had late stage CTOs (62 lesions). Calcification was more severe in late-stage versus early CTOs (Agatston score: early stage, 27.4 ± 46.7 vs. late stage, 58.3 ± 112.4; p = 0.049). Remodeling index was lower in late-stage CTOs (early stage, 0.96 ± 0.2 vs. late stage, 0.88 ± 0.22; p = 0.034). In patients with late stage CTO, the presence of intra-occlusion linear enhancement was more likely (45.2% vs 14.5%, p < 0.001), and the density of non-calcified components was significantly higher (85.4 ± 27.2 HU vs. 65.7 ± 30.1 HU, p < 0.001). Stump morphology was not different between the two groups. Coronary CTA reveals differences between chronic total coronary occlusions of longer and shorter duration. A long duration is associated with focal calcification and negative remodeling, as well as intra-occlusion enhancement and a higher density of non-calcified components. Copyright © 2015 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.07.010
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    ABSTRACT: Pericoronary adipose tissue (PCAT) can promote atherosclerosis. Metabolically active and inactive PCAT may display different CT densities. However, CT density could be influenced by partial volume effects and image interpolation. To investigate whether PCAT density values in CT displays differences that are larger than those attributable to interpolation and partial volume effects, which would manifest themselves through the relationship between PCAT density and distance from the contrast-enhanced coronary lumen. PCAT density analysis was performed (417 non-atherosclerotic segments, 63 patients) using dual-source CT with a threshold-based measurement method. Changes in PCAT density values depending on distance from the contrast-enhanced coronary lumen and the influence of cardiovascular risk profile were analyzed. Mean PCAT density was -78.1 ± 5.6 HU. PCAT density decreased from proximal to distal segments in the LAD (-78.0 ± 7.3 vs. -82.4 ± 7.7 HU; p < 0.001). PCAT density was higher close to the lumen compared to more peripheral locations (-76.0 ± 6.7 vs. -78.5 ± 5.4 HU; p < 0.001). Decreasing PCAT density was significantly associated with higher epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume and body mass index. There was a trend of lower PCAT values with a family history of coronary artery disease. CT-measured attenuation of PCAT is influenced by EAT volume and body mass index. A decrease of PCAT attenuation with increasing distance from the vessel and from proximal to distal segments may suggest variations in CT density of PCAT due to partial volume effects and image interpolation rather than solely due to differences in tissue composition or metabolic activity. Copyright © 2015 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.07.011