Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica

Publisher: Taiwan ma zui yi xue hui, Elsevier

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  • Other titles
    ScienceDirect
  • ISSN
    1875-4597
  • OCLC
    403625075
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Computer File

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Elsevier

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    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Air in the scrotum is an unusual clinical finding and a thorough search should be done in order to locate the air leak or source of gas production. We report an 81-year-old patient who developed severe acute respiratory failure after fiberoptic bronchoscopy and was intubated immediately. After tracheal intubation, excessive subcutaneous emphysema from the head to the scrotum was obvious. Chest tube thoracostomies were placed to treat pneumothorax. The emphysema was absorbed after 13 days without any sequela. Air or gas inside the scrotum may originate from intraperitoneal, extraperitoneal, or local sources. The majority of the cases can be managed conservatively, but emergent intervention is needed in life-threatening situations.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Pediatric dentists perform moderate sedation frequently to facilitate dental treatment in uncooperative children. Assessing the depth and quality of sedation is an important factor in the clinical utilization of moderate sedation. We aimed to determine if the level of noise, created by the children who are undergoing moderate sedation during dental procedures, could be used as a nonsubjective measurement of the depth of sedation and compare it to the Ohio State Behavior Rating Score (OSBRS).
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Tolerance to and dependence on the analgesic effect of opioids is a pharmacological phenomenon that occurs after their prolonged administration.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Although the pathophysiology of sepsis has been elucidated with the passage of time, sepsis may be regarded as an uncontrolled inflammatory and procoagulant response to infection. The hemostatic changes in sepsis range from subclinical activation of blood coagulation to acute disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). DIC is characterized by widespread microvascular thrombosis, which contributes to multiple organ dysfunction/failure, and subsequent consumption of platelets and coagulation factors, eventually causing bleeding manifestations. The diagnosis of DIC can be made using routinely available laboratory tests, scoring algorithms, and thromboelastography. In this cascade of events, the inhibition of coagulation activation and platelet function is conjectured as a useful tool for attenuating inflammatory response and improving outcomes in sepsis. A number of clinical trials of anticoagulants were performed, but none of them have been recognized as a standard therapy because recombinant activated protein C was withdrawn from the market owing to its insufficient efficacy in a randomized controlled trial. However, these subgroup analyses of activated protein C, antithrombin, and thrombomodulin trials show that overt coagulation activation is strongly associated with the best therapeutic effect of the inhibitor. In addition, antiplatelet drugs, including acetylsalicylic acid, P2Y12 inhibitors, and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists, may reduce organ failure and mortality in the experimental model of sepsis without a concomitant increased bleeding risk, which should be supported by solid clinical data. For a state-of-the-art treatment of sepsis, the efficacy of anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents needs to be proved in further large-scale prospective, interventional, randomized validation trials.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation (LT) is a well-accepted treatment modality of many end-stage liver diseases. The main issue in LT is the shortage of deceased donors to accommodate the needs of patients waiting for such transplants. Live donors have tremendously increased the pool of available liver grafts, especially in countries where deceased donors are not common. The main ethical concern of this procedure is the safety of healthy donors, who undergo a major abdominal surgery not for their own health, but to help cure others. The first part of the review concentrates on live donor selection, preanesthetic evaluation, and intraoperative anesthetic care for living liver donors. The second part reviews patient evaluation, intraoperative anesthesia monitoring, and fluid management of the recipient. This review provides up-to-date information to help improve the quality of anesthesia, and contribute to the success of LT and increase the long-term survival of the recipients. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Elderly patients (aged ≥ 80 years) undergo an increasing number of operations. Elderly patients undergoing operations usually develop more postoperative complications and have poorer outcomes. The aim of this study is to identify the relative importance between preoperative and intraoperative variables to predict adverse postoperative outcomes in these patients.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the records of 404 patients (aged ≥ 80 years and underwent a noncardiac surgery) collected from the quality assurance database in our department. We reviewed the patients' preoperative and intraoperative variables as well as postoperative complications and outcomes. Odds ratios of risk factors were then calculated by univariate and multivariate analyses. In addition, hazard ratios of incidence of discharge and mortality rates were analyzed.ResultsOverall, 26.4% of patients developed one or more postoperative complications, and the in-hospital mortality rate was 6.7%. The majority of these patients had pre-existing cardiovascular disorders such as hypertension (47.5%). Respiratory complication was the most common postoperative complication (12.9%). Multivariate analysis showed male sex, anesthesia method, and colloid infusion were risk factors for increased respiratory complication. Our results showed that patients who developed different kinds of postoperative complications had a different level of risks associated with prolonged hospital stay and mortality.Conclusion Patients over the age of 80 years, of male sex, under general anesthesia, and receiving colloid infusion were at a higher risk of developing respiratory complications. Postoperative respiratory complications occurred in most of the geriatric surgical patients. Efforts to improve the surgical outcomes must include measures to minimize in-hospital complications. Detailed evaluation and better communicating the aforementioned risk factors to these patients are suggested for improving anesthesia quality and surgical outcomes.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: It is aimed to evaluate whether there is a difference in regional cerebral saturation of newborns measured by near infrared spectroscopy born either by general anesthesia or combined spinal epidural anesthesia during elective cesarean deliveries.Methods After approval of the Ethical Committee of our hospital, and informed consents of the parturients were taken, 68 patients were included in the study. The regional cerebral oxygen saturations (RcSO2) of newborns were measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurements at 1st, 5th min after birth. In group I (n=32), general anesthesia was performed for the cesarean operation and in group II (n=36), combined spinal epidural anesthesia (CSEA) was the anesthetic management. The age of the mother, gestation, the problems related to the pregnancy, heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation (SpO2) of the mother had been recorded. The measurements of the newborn were; SpO2 of right hand, RcSO2 measured by NIRS, the delivery time (from incision to the cessation of circulation in the placental cord), Apgar score. Data were analyzed using GraphPad Prism 5.0 (GraphPad Software, La Jolla, California) and presented as mean +/− SD. Results obtained in different groups were compared using upaired t-test. Differences were statistically significant at p < 0.05.ResultsThere were no significant differences between the groups related to the mother's age, gestation week and baseline blood pressure. Both the systolic and diastolic blood pressures measured at 1st and 5th min after induction or start of the spinal block were significantly lower in the mothers who had undergone combined spinal epidural anesthesia. The heart rates of the mothers who had been under CSEA were significantly higher than the general anesthesia group. The Apgar at the 1st min were observed significantly higher in Group II. Oxygen saturation of the newborns were significantly higher in Group II. Regional cerebral oxygenation measured by NIRS were significantly higher in CSEA group.Conclusion Combined spinal epidural anesthesia, besides other known advantages, had been shown to be superior to general anesthesia as a means of regional cerebral oxygenation of the newborns.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Ebstein's anomaly is an uncommon congenital heart defect with an extremely variable natural history due to a wide spectrum of pathological features. We report on the anesthetic management of a 24-year-old primigravida woman with Ebstein's anomaly with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia for emergency cesarean section.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The practice of anesthetic premedication embarked upon soon after ether and chloroform were introduced as general anesthetics in the middle of the 19th century. By applying opioids and anticholinergics prior to surgery, the surgical patients could achieve a less anxious state, and more importantly, they would acquire a smoother course during the tedious and dangerous induction stage. Premedication with opioids and anticholinergics was not a routine practice in the 20th century when intravenous anesthetics were primarily used as induction agents that significantly shorten the induction time. The current practice of anesthetic premedication has evolved into a generalized scheme that incorporates several aspects of patient care: decreasing preoperative anxiety, dampening intraoperative noxious stimulus and its associated neuroendocrinological changes, and minimizing postoperative adverse effects of anesthesia and surgery. Rational use of premedication in modern anesthesia practice should be justified by individual needs, the types of surgery, and the anesthetic agents and techniques used. In this article, we will provide our readers with updated information about premedication of surgical patients with a focus on the recent application of second generation serotonin type 3 antagonist, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The review demonstrates the unique advantages of ultrasonography in pain control. Several imaging modalities can be used to guide pain control, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and radiography. Ultrasonography has unique advantages over these other modalities in terms of its non-ionizing radiation, real-time imaging, portability, and cost-effectiveness. Ultrasonography with color Doppler and elastography can provide safer guidance to avoid blood vessels and the nerve trunk when using steroid or xylocaine infusions to encase the nerve trunk. This review focuses on the control of chronic pain in the upper limbs, lower limbs, and trunk.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 10/2014;
  • Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Amino acid administration helps to prevent intraoperative hypothermia but may enhance thermogenesis when combined with glucose infusion. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of intraoperative amino acid administration, with or without glucose infusion, on temperature regulation during laparoscopic colectomy. Methods Twenty-one patients whose physical status was classified I or II by the American Society of Anesthesiologists, and who were undergoing elective laparoscopic colectomy were enrolled. The exclusion criteria were a history of diabetes and/or obesity, preoperative high levels of C-reactive protein, high blood glucose and/or body temperature after anesthesia induction, and surgical time >500 minutes. Each patient received an acetate ringer solution and was randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group A patients were given only amino acids. Group AG patients were given amino acids and glucose. Group C patients were given neither amino acids nor glucose. Tympanic membrane temperatures and blood glucose and insulin levels were measured intraoperatively. Results Intraoperative amino acid infusion significantly increased body temperature during surgery as compared with either Group AG or C. The blood glucose levels in Group AG were significantly higher than those in Groups A and C. However, there were no significant differences between Groups A and C. Two hours after anesthesia induction, serum insulin levels in Groups A and AG significantly increased compared with Group C. No significant differences in the postoperative complications or patient hospitalization lengths were detected between the groups. Conclusion Intraoperative amino acid infusion without glucose administration maintains body temperature more effectively than combined amino acid and glucose infusion in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy, despite unaltered intraoperative insulin levels.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Deep neck infection with airway obstruction may complicate endotracheal intubation with limited neck motion, pharyngeal swelling, and prominent secretion. Unrecognized esophageal intubation (EI) may unduly overinflate the stomach to inhibit effective ventilation, increase the incidence of hypoxia, and produce a ruptured visceral organ. We report an 81-year-old female patient with deep neck infection and impending respiratory failure who suffered gastric perforation after accidental EI in the intensive care unit. After failed attempts of intubation, EI was recognized rapidly as the culprit, although roughly audible bilateral breathing sounds were present but not gastric bubble sounds. A catastrophic complication of gastric rupture occurred due to ambu-bagging and mechanical ventilation. Surgical intervention was performed immediately. Possible mechanisms are discussed.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the common complications of spinal anesthesia; it is observed in 1–40% of cases involving spinal anesthesia. It can cause considerable morbidity and 40% of cases may require invasive treatments such as epidural blood patch. With the exception of invasive treatments such as an epidural blood patch, current standard treatment modalities have not proved efficacious. There had been some research done that indicated successful prophylaxis and/or treatment of PDPH by administration of intravenous steroids. Based on those findings, we hypothesize that a direct injection of corticosteroids to the anesthesia puncture site could increase the amount of corticosteroid that accumulates in the puncture site, and will be more effective in decreasing dural inflammation and incidence of PDPH than that of parenteral steroids. We formulated our study to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone directly injected into spinal anesthesia puncture sites. Methods A total of 268 patients undergoing spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups; one group received a prophylactic epidural injection of dexamethasone (2 mL, 8 mg) and the other group received 2 mL of normal saline. The incidence and intensity of PDPH and puncture site backache were each measured at 24 hours, 72 hours, and 7 days after spinal anesthesia. The intensity of the headache was graded according to the meningeal headache index. Results The overall incidence of headache during the 7-day period was 5 patients (3.7%) in the control group and 11 patients (8.2%) in the study group, which is not statistically significant (X2 = 2.393 and p = 0.122. The severity of headache also shows no statistical significance (2.2% in cases versus 6% in controls; z = 1.53, p = 0.126). The intensity of headache reported at the 24 hours (z = 0.698; p = 0.485), 72 hours (z = 0.849; p = 0.396), and 7 days (z = 0.008; p = 0.994) was not different. There also was no difference in the incidence of backache in the two groups. Conclusion In contrast to other studies that showed the efficacy of intravenous dexamethasone in the prevention and treatment of PDPH, our study did not show any significant effect of prophylactic epidural injection of dexamethasone in prevention of PDPH. However regarding the low number of PDPH in routine cases, evaluation of this intervention in groups with a high incidence of PDPH by using of particulate steroids is recommended to confirm these preliminary findings.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old patient with Becker muscular dystrophy and dilated cardiomyopathy underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy under total intravenous anesthesia. Muscle relaxation was induced by rocuronium (0.4 mg/kg body weight) under train-of-four (TOF) ratio monitoring. The TOF ratio was 0 at intubation, and 0.2 at the end of surgery. Residual muscle relaxant activity was successfully reversed by sugammadex (2 mg/kg body weight) without any hemodynamic adverse effects (TOF ratio 1.0 at extubation). The clinical and hemodynamic findings suggest that sugammadex can be safely used in patients with Becker muscular dystrophy and dilated cardiomyopathy.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014;
  • Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 09/2014;
  • Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Difficult tracheal extubation is a rare but potentially dangerous problem that can be life threatening especially when it is unexpected and there is a lack of preparation. Most of these cases are associated with orofacial surgery. We herein present two patients with oral cavity cancer who experienced unexpected postoperative difficult nasotracheal extubation by a Kirschner pin penetrating the endotracheal tube and fixing the tube at the maxillary bone following tumor resection. The pins were found by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Both patients were returned to the operating theater immediately for removal of the penetrating pins as well as the endotracheal tubes. The common causes of difficult tracheal extubation and strategies of managing these situations are discussed in the article.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica 07/2014;