Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases (ARCH CARDIOVASC DIS )

Publisher: Elsevier


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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery (UAPA) is a rare malformation that can present as an isolated lesion or may be associated with other congenital heart defects. UAPA is often associated with other congenital cardiovascular anomalies, such as tetralogy of Fallot, atrial septal defect, coarctation of aorta, right aortic arch, truncus arteriosus and pulmonary atresia. Diagnosis of UAPA is very difficult and is based on taking a complete medical history, physical examination and imaging examinations. Clinical symptoms include exercise intolerance, haemoptysis and recurrent respiratory infections. Adult patients with UAPA are often asymptomatic. There is no consensus regarding the treatment for UAPA. The therapeutic approach should be based on symptoms of the patient, pulmonary artery anatomy and associated aortopulmonary collaterals. Treatment options for these patients include partial or total pneumonectomy, closure of selected collateral arteries not solely responsible for pulmonary blood flow or a primary versus staged pulmonary artery anastomosis. This review summarizes pathophysiology, symptomatology and current diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 08/2013; 106(8-9):448-54..
  • Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 01/2012; 4(1):21.
  • Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 01/2011; 3:32.
  • Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 01/2011; 104(6-7):423-4.
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    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):457-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The classic management of neonates with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PAVSD) and moderately hypoplastic pulmonary arteries is usually a systemic to pulmonary artery shunt or ductus arteriosus stenting. We report our experience of transcatheter treatment of PAVSD by perforation followed by balloon dilation of the valve, as it is performed in pulmonary atresia - intact ventricular septum. Three patients were treated at a mean age and weight of 7.5 days (range 7-8) and 2.9kg (range 2.5-3.3), respectively. Two newborns were prenatally diagnosed, with micro deletion 22q11 in one case. The three patients had no other pulmonary blood flow support than the ductus arteriosus and were on prostaglandin E1 infusion. The pulmonary atresia was predominantly valvular without significant muscular obstruction. By echocardiography, the mean size of the pulmonary annulus was 6.5mm (range 6-7). In all cases, the valvular perforation was performed with a 0.014 coronary guidewire, followed by balloon dilation when successfully. The procedure succeeded in two cases but failed in the third newborn in whom a long subvalvar muscular stenosis was found at surgery. In the two successful cases, the mean postprocedural transpulmonary doppler gradient was 33.5mmHg (range 17-50). One patient experienced a femoral venous thrombosis that was successfully treated by heparin and a transient right bundle branch block occurred in another one. In the two successful cases, the prostaglandin E1 infusion was weaned and the surgical repair was performed at 4 and 12 months, respectively. In selected cases with PAVSD, perforation followed by balloon dilation of the pulmonary valve offers an interesting alternative to other surgical or transcatheter palliative therapies.
    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):427-32.
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    ABSTRACT: Early reperfusion therapy has proven benefit in reducing mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Expert guideline committees have defined recommendations to improve the management of patients with STEMI and decrease their mortality rates. To identify predictors of compliance with American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for reperfusion therapy in STEMI and to determine the prognostic impact of compliance. ESTIM Midi-Pyrénées was a multidisciplinary, prospective registry in patients with STEMI, conducted between June 2001 and June 2003 in French hospitals. Data were analysed from 1277 patients managed by emergency physicians in the prehospital system or emergency room and/or cardiologists in interventional or non-interventional cardiology departments. A revascularization strategy was performed in 89.4% of patients; treatment complied with the guidelines in 61.1% of patients. After multivariable analysis, factors associated with compliance were age less or equal than 75years (odds ratio [OR] 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.18-2.08), symptom onset during the day (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.12-1.82), typical electrocardiographic symptoms of STEMI (OR 3.2, 95% CI 2.19-4.5), and initial medical contact. After adjustment for confounders, 1-month mortality was significantly lower in patients managed according to guideline recommendations (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.40-0.92). A number of factors can be used to identify STEMI patients who are less likely to be managed according to guidelines. Training focused on these factors should improve management and clinical outcomes of STEMI.
    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):387-96.
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    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):385-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The management of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has evolved markedly over the past 20 years, particularly with the rising number of indications for implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) and alcohol septal ablation (ASA). However, medical therapies targeted to improve quality of life are underused; when resting and/or exercise obstruction is present, an incremental and additive approach should be used based on a high dosage of beta-blockers, verapamil and/or disopyramide. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation or A-V node has been proposed in some instances. Treatment of syncope or presyncope due to an abnormal blood pressure response during exercise remains challenging. Only patients with obstruction who remain severely symptomatic despite maximal medical therapy should be considered for invasive procedures, including dual-chamber (DDD) pacing, ASA or surgery. The reported complication rates of ASA (essentially complete A-V block, incidence above 5-10%, with mortality rates ranging from 0-4%) and the benefits at medium-term follow-up appear comparable to those observed after myectomy, which, according to guidelines, should remain the primary treatment for most severely symptomatic drug-refractory young patients with obstruction. While the overall survival of patients with HCM is similar to that of the general population, detection of patients at high risk of sudden cardiac death remains challenging, particularly in the young, and indications for ICDs in high risk patients without prior cardiac arrest should be patient- and family-orientated.
    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):441-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The progress of retinal imaging techniques has made retinal microvascular circulation easier to study. A number of observational studies were conducted to characterise the different abnormalities encountered and to determine the factors contributing to their onset. Three lesion groups were highlighted, including reduced arteriolar diameter, venular dilatation and retinopathy lesions. Retinal arteriolar narrowing signals the presence of hypertension (current or old) and the risk of hypertension onset. A genetic factor was implicated in this relationship. Venular dilatation and retinopathy correlate with the presence of diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders. This association appears to be mediated partly by the presence of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation. The relationship between these abnormalities and cardiovascular risk was also studied in a number of longitudinal studies: the presence of retinal microvascular abnormalities is related with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality predominantly in individuals under the age of 75. More specifically, retinopathy is correlated with the presence of cerebral white matter lesions detected by MRI, an increased stroke risk and deterioration in cognitive function. On the cardiovascular level, a correlation was demonstrated between diminished coronary reserve, increased coronary calcifications observed by CT scan, coronary morbidity and mortality, and risk of heart failure. New techniques of retinal imaging, such as laser Doppler flowmetry, are still undergoing assessment and will help further to clarify these correlations.
    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):449-56.
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    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 06/2009; 102(5):463.

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