Archives of medical research

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.65

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.645
2013 Impact Factor 2.406
2012 Impact Factor 2.079
2011 Impact Factor 1.733
2010 Impact Factor 1.986
2009 Impact Factor 1.884
2008 Impact Factor 1.703
2007 Impact Factor 1.772
2006 Impact Factor 1.275
2005 Impact Factor 1.382
2004 Impact Factor 1.286
2003 Impact Factor 1.277
2002 Impact Factor 0.606
2001 Impact Factor 0.476

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.31
Cited half-life 7.00
Immediacy index 0.41
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.54
Other titles Archives of medical research (En ligne), Archives of medical research
ISSN 1873-5487
OCLC 77547537
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
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  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: More attention has recently been focused on auditory impairment of young type 1 diabetics. This study aimed to evaluate auditory function of young type 1 diabetics and the correlation between clinical indexes and hearing impairment. Methods: We evaluated the auditory function of 50 type 1 diabetics and 50 healthy subjects. Clinical indexes were measured along with analyzing their relation of auditory function. Results: Type 1 diabetic patients demonstrated a deficit with elevated thresholds at right ear and left ear when compared to healthy controls (p < 0.01). The elevated auditory threshold was significantly related with HDL-cholesterol, diabetes duration, and systemic blood pressure (p < 0.05). Moreover, latencies of right ear (wave III, V and interwave I-V) and left ear (wave III, V and interwave I-III, I-V) in diabetic group significantly increased compared to those in control subjects (p < 0.01). Auditory brainstem response was significantly related with GHbA1C and microalbuminuria (p < 0.01). Furthermore, distortion product evoked otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) of diabetes group were statistically significant in right ear at 4.0, 6.0 kHz and left 4.0, 6.0, 8.0 kHz (p < 0.01) compared with those of controls. Diabetic patients demonstrated lower amplitude responses of the right ear than the left eat at 8.0 kHz. Only triglyceride was positively correlated to the hearing impairment defined by DPOAE (p < 0.01). There was no significance of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) between groups. TEOAE was associated with age and GHbA1C (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Type 1 diabetics exerted higher auditory threshold, slower auditory conduction time and cochlear impairment. HDL-cholesterol, diabetes duration, systemic blood pressure, microalbuminuria, GHbA1C, triglyceride, and age may affect the auditory function in type 1 diabetics.
    Archives of medical research 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.09.002
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been assumed to be a marker to predict the survival of patients with different types of cancer. We undertook this study to verify the prognostic value of the NLR and the PLR for predicting the survival rate of patients with esophageal cancer in a high incidence area in China. Methods: In total, 820 cases from a high incidence area that had pathologically confirmed esophageal cancers initially diagnosed at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from 2007-2008 were analyzed. The medical record system was used to collect patient information regarding personal details, cancer type, treatment, and routine blood examinations at the time of admission. Follow-up evaluations were conducted by the established follow-up system at the hospital. We used Kaplan-Meier method to calculate overall survival (OS) rate. We used Cox regression analysis to analyze the factors that may affect the OS rate of the patients. SPSS 13.0 and Excel software packages were used for statistical analysis. Results: In total, 864 cases were consistent with the inclusion criterion. At the end of the study, 820 cases received follow-up evaluation. Follow-up rate was 94.91%. Among the 820 cases, 334 died of esophageal cancer, whereas 486 remain alive as of March 15, 2014. Five-year OS rate of the patients with esophageal cancer was 40.66%. Patients in the NLR ≥3.5 group demonstrated shorter OS than patients in the NLR <3.5 group (53.2 vs. 33.4 months, p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis indicated that age, pathological type, TNM stage, surgery and NLR were all independent risk factors for esophageal cancer. OR of NLR ≥3.5 group was 1.287 (1.049-1.580). Conclusions: NLR may be an independent prognostic factor for esophageal cancer in high incidence areas.
    Archives of medical research 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.09.003
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    ABSTRACT: A latex agglutination test (LAT) was developed for the rapid detection of antibodies against the VP1 or VP1 proteins of Enterovirus 71 (EV71). The proteins of interest including prokaryotically expressed VP1 and two strains of anti-VP1 monoclonal antibody (McAb) against EV71 were covalently linked to carboxylated latex using ethyl-dimethyl-amino-propyl carbodiimide (EDC) to prepare sensitized latex beads. LAT was evaluated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as a reference test. The VP1-LAT showed a sensitivity of 87.0%, specificity of 88.9%, and an agreement ratio of 90.0% in detecting VP1 in 100 serum samples from experimentally infected mice, whereas these values were 86.8, 96.7, and 93.3%, respectively, for 608 clinical human serum samples. The VP1-LAT has advantages over other assays in terms of low cost, rapidity, chemical stability, high sensitivity, repeatability, and specificity. The LAT established in the present study is a rapid and simple test suitable for field monitoring of antibodies against VP1-EV71.
    Archives of medical research 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.09.001
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: Atherosclerosis, the root cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), has a number of risk factors-some modifiable and some not. CVD increases in women particularly during the postmenopausal period. Small dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL), a subclass of LDL, is an important determinant of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. Paraoxonase1 (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated enzyme that prevents oxidative modifications in LDL and HDL. With this background, we studied the sdLDL-C, PON1 and lipid profile in postmenopausal women to compare between quality and quantity of LDL. Methods: We studied 80 pre- and postmenopausal women (40/group). The following parameters were studied: lipid profile, sdLDL and PON1 levels. With proper statistical tools the correlation between these parameters was studied. Results: Postmenopausal women, in comparison with premenopausal women, have significantly increased levels of serum triglycerides and sdLDL-C and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and significantly decreased levels of HDL-C and PON1. PON1 activity was negatively correlated with age, TC, TG, LDL-C and sdLDL-C (r = -0.574, -0.119, -0.226, -0.473 and -0.455, respectively) and positively correlated with HDL-C (r-0.368), whereas sdLDL-C was positively correlated with age, TC, TG, LDL-C (r = 0.633, 0.485, 0.561 and 0.705, respectively) and negatively with HDL-C (r = -0.235). Stepwise multiple regression analysis demonstrated HDL-C and menopausal status as the best determinant for PON1 (R(2) = 0.320, p < 0.05) and HDL-C, PON1, TG, TC were the best determinants for sdLDL-C (R(2) = 0.606, p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest quality, i.e., sdLDL-C, is more important than only LDL levels. Similarly, decrease in PON1 and increase in sdLDL-C go hand in hand. This shows that antioxidant capacity is compromised with a qualitative downfall in lipoproteins in postmenopausal women.
    Archives of medical research 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.007
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    ABSTRACT: Overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines is a main trait of rheumatoid arthritis. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an endogenous antioxidant, has shown anti-inflammatory effects in some diseases. In this study we aimed to assess the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on cytokines generation and oxidative stress in rheumatoid arthritis. In this double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial, 44 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were recruited. Twenty two patients received 100 mg/day capsules of CoQ10 and 22 patients took placebo for 2 months. At the beginning and the end of the intervention, 7 mL of fasting blood was taken from patients to measure malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). At the end of the study, serum MDA significantly decreased in supplemented group (mean difference = -1.47 nmol/mL; 95% confidence interval (CI), -2.52 to -0.43; p = 0.008). CoQ10 also suppressed overexpression of TNF-α (difference in median was +1.1 in placebo vs. +0.03 in CoQ10 group; p = 0.033). There was no significant difference in TAC and IL-6 levels between groups. This study showed beneficial effects of CoQ10 supplementation on inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.006
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: The polymorphic genetic variants of matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) can play critical roles in development and progression of cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate if any association exists between MMP2 -1306/T and risk of prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: This case-control study comprised a total number of 241 subjects, including 102 patients with PCa and 139 controls with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MMP2 genotypes were detected by RFLP. Results: There is no significant difference between different genotypes of MMP2 polymorphism and risk of developing PCa (p = 0.08). Although these genotypes increased the risk of developing PCa 79% (CT vs. CC) and 54% (TT vs. CC), none had a significant effect (p = 0.09 and p = 1 respectively). There were no significant differences in genotype frequencies between patients with low and high degrees of PCa (p = 0.4). Therefore, this polymorphism cannot be considered as a protective factor for PCa metastasis. It seems that MMP2 polymorphism has no protective effect on the grading of the tumor (p = 0.8). Our results indicated that MMP2 polymorphism had no role in the vascular invasion of PCa. Conclusion: We found no association between MMP2 polymorphism and cancer risk, overall or by grade, stage or age of diagnosis. Finally, there was no association between the different genotypes and PSA plasma levels among cases or controls. Further evaluations with larger samples from our population may illuminate the effects of polymorphisms on PCa risk and thus help early diagnosis, follow-up and prognostic determinations for PCa patients.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.004
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    ABSTRACT: Despite it being a highly potent antineoplastic drug, cisplatin has important toxic adverse effects limiting its use such as nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity and ototoxicity. It is thought that cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity is caused by oxidative stress resulting from increased reactive oxygen species (ROS). Apocynin (APO) exerts its antioxidant effect by reducing ROS production via inhibition of NADPH oxidase. The present study intended to demonstrate effects of cisplatin on hepatic pro-oxidant/antioxidant systems and to investigate protective effects of APO against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity. Rats were randomly assigned into four groups (n = 8 each): a) control group; b) single dose of cisplatin (5 mg/kg); c) APO group (20 mg/kg on three consecutive days; i.p.); and d) APO plus cisplatin group. Liver tissue was assessed in all groups by biochemical and histopathological means. Also, serum alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase levels were studied in all groups. When cisplatin group was compared to controls, it was seen that lipid peroxidation product, total oxidant status and ALT levels were markedly increased, whereas superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase levels were overtly decreased. APO therapy markedly prevented cisplatin-induced harmful changes in liver. Our histopathological findings such as central vein dilatation, perivenuler and periportal sinusoidal dilatation, parenchymal inflammation, vacuolar changes in hepatocytes, biliary duct proliferation and caspase-3 positive hepatocytes were in accordance with the biochemical changes. In light of these results, it is our thought that APO has a protective role against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity at both biochemical and histopathological levels. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.005
  • Archives of medical research 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.003
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    ABSTRACT: The extent in which sickle cell anemia (SCA) impacts myocardial function in children is unclear. Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) was introduced as a new non-invasive echocardiographic method for assessment of ventricular systolic and diastolic functions. We undertook this study to assess subclinical impact of SCA on global myocardial performance in affected children using DTI and to correlate it with mean hemoglobin concentration. Eighty five children with SCA (mean age 11.82 ± 3.7 years) was included as the study group and 55 age- and sex-matched healthy children as the control group. Conventional two-dimensional echocardiography was performed in both groups and DTI was used to determine right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) Tei indexes. Mean Hb concentration was correlated to the cardiac functions of SCA children. RV and LV Tei indexes were significantly higher in SCA group (mean ± SD: 0.54 ± 0.19 vs. 0.27 ± 0.01, p <0.0001 and 0.47 ± 0.09 vs. 0.30 ± 0.07, p <0.0001, respectively). Also, mean Hb concentration was correlated negatively with both LV Tei index (r = -0.611, p <0.0001) and with RV Tei index (r = -0.894, p <0.0001). On the contrary, fractional shortening (FS) did not correlate with mean Hb concentration (r = -0.044, p = 0.681). DTI technique appears to be more sensitive than conventional echocardiography in the early detection of myocardial dysfunction in children with SCA. This provides insights into the value of early screening and the potential for preventive therapy in children to avert cardiac morbidity and mortality in adults with SCA. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.002
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    ABSTRACT: Trisomy 21 is the most frequent genetic cause of intellectual disability. It is caused by different cytogenetic aberrations: free trisomy, Robertsonian translocations, mosaicism, duplication of the critical region and other structural rearrangements of chromosome 21. The aim of the study was to identify in Mexican trisomy 21 patients who attended Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez from 1992-2011 the type and frequency of the cytogenetic aberration and to evaluate the effect of maternal age. A retrospective analysis of epidemiological data and karyotype reports were carried out; type and frequency of the cytogenetic variants were determined. We identified 2,018 cases referred with a clinical diagnosis of trisomy 21. In 1,921 analyses (95.2%) a cytogenetic variant of trisomy 21 was identified: free trisomy 21 in 1,787 cases (93.02%), four cases (0.21%) had an additional non-contributory aberration; Robertsonian translocations in 92 cases (4.79%); mosaicism in 31 cases (1.61%) and seven cases (0.36%) had other chromosomal abnormalities, five (0.26%) had other contributory structural rearrangements and two corresponded to double aneuploidies (0.10%). Gender distribution was 1,048 (54.56%) males and 873 (45.44%) females. A maternal age effect was observed in patients with free trisomy 21 with mothers >36 years of age. The present work reports the experience of a Mexican referral center regarding the karyotype diagnosis of patients with trisomy 21 and is one of the most extensive studies published so far. Percentages of the cytogenetic abnormalities present in our population reflect the ones previously reported for these cytogenetic alterations worldwide. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.08.001
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have described the association between hepcidin levels and cardiometabolic risk in the general population and more so by considering robust adjustment for confounding factors. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between circulating hepcidin and anthropometric, biochemical and vascular variables related to cardiometabolic risk in healthy individuals adjusting for relevant covariates. Two-hundred thirty nine individuals (20-65 years old) were included in this cross-sectional study. Outcome variables were fasting glucose, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and the Framingham risk score. Multivariate linear regression and ANCOVA analyses including covariates of body mass index (BMI), menopausal status, physical inactivity, alcohol intake, insulin resistance, subclinical/chronic inflammation, ferritin and soluble transferrin receptors were used to describe the associations between hepcidin and cardiometabolic risk markers. In adjusted linear regression analyses, there was no significant association in men. In women, a relationship between hepcidin and triglycerides became significant after adjustments (p <0.05). By comparing quartiles of hepcidin levels, systolic blood pressure values in men were significantly higher in the upper quartile of hepcidin vs. the rest of quartiles independently of BMI, chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and other iron markers (ANCOVA, p <0.05). There were no significant independent associations with the Framingham risk score (total points). We found a threshold effect of hepcidin levels on systolic blood pressure specifically in men. Further larger studies and experimental research are required to investigate possible mechanisms for the relationship between hepcidin metabolism and vascular function. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.07.007
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    ABSTRACT: Background Iodine deficiency disorders have been known to mankind since antiquity and various researchers elucidated the role of iodine in its causation. However, recent evidence shows that the entire control program ignored multi-causality and association of increased iodine intake with hypothyroidism. This study was conducted to assess differences of iodine intake as measured by urinary iodine excretion (UIE) between cases of hypothyroidism and healthy controls. Methods A case-control study was conducted with three groups (cases, hospital controls and community controls) in two cities of India. Patients with overt hypothyroidism were cases (n = 150) and were compared with age, sex and socioeconomic status-matched hospital (n = 154) and community (n = 488) controls. Thyroid function tests (T3, T4, TSH) were used as diagnostic and inclusion criteria. TPOAb and UIE estimation were carried out for all study participants. Results Mean values of TPOAb and UIE were higher in cases as compared to hospital controls as well as community controls (p <0.05). With a cut off of 34 IU/mL for TPOAb, more cases had an anti-TPO level >34 as compared to hospital controls (p <0.001) as well as community controls (p <0.001); OR, 0.06 (95% CI, 0.03, 0.12) and 0.08 (0.05, 0.12), respectively. For UIE cut-off of 300 μg/L, more cases than hospital controls (p = 0.090) and community controls (p = 0.001) had higher levels; OR, 0.671, (0.422, 1.066) and 0.509, (0.348, 0.744), respectively. Conclusion The study has clearly shown that cases of hypothyroidism are associated with excess iodine intake. Cohort studies to generate further evidence and an eco-social epidemiological approach have been suggested as the way forward.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.07.005
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the effects of cannabinoid (CB)-1 and CB2 receptor ligands on intestinal motor function and muscular electrophysiological activity in rodent gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce intestinal hypomotility. The effect of selective CB1 and CB2 agonists and antagonists on contractility of the muscle strips from rat jejunum was measured using organ bath and the membrane potential of the jejunal smooth muscle cells was recorded with intracellular microelectrodes. The single cell patch clamp technique was applied to record delayed rectifying potassium currents (IKV) and spontaneous transient outward currents (STOC). LPS significantly reduced contractility of the smooth muscle strips (p <0.010) and caused hyperpolarization of membrane potential of the smooth muscle cells (p <0.010). This LPS-induced effect was reversed by AM251 and AM630, selective CB1 and CB2 antagonists, respectively, which promoted contractions of smooth muscle strips and triggered cell depolarization (p <0.050). LPS-induced changes were further enhanced in the presence of CB agonists, HU210 and WIN55 (p <0.050 or p <0.010). No effect of HU210 or AM251 on IKV and STOC has been observed. This ex vivo study suggests that CB1 and CB2 receptors are involved in intestinal motor function in normal and LPS-induced pathological states and the regulation of the membrane potential of smooth muscle cells is very likely one of the effective mechanisms. This is one of the first reports on neuronal regulation of intestinal motility through CB-dependent pathways with potential application in the treatment of inflammatory and functional GI disorders. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 08/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.07.006
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    ABSTRACT: Information comparing treatment outcome for diffuse large B cell (DLBCL) and follicular (FL) non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients treated with schemes with and without rituximab from low- and middle-income countries is scarce. Clinical characteristics, response to therapy and long-term outcome of DLBCL and FL patients were studied. Patients with DLBCL and FL diagnosed over 8 years at a reference center in northeast Mexico were included. Kaplan-Meier method was used to determine overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Cox regression model was used to evaluate the association between risk factors, rituximab therapy and clinical outcome. One hundred-sixteen patients with DLBCL and 65 with FL in advanced stages were included. Median age was 57.79 and 56 years, respectively. Clinical characteristics between groups receiving or not receiving rituximab were comparable. Stages III and IV were found in 63.8% of DLBCL and 84.56% in FL patients, respectively. OS and PFS at 60 months were 63.8 and 51.2% in DLBCL and 70.6 and 33.8% in FL. No difference in OS was found in DLBCL and FL when rituximab-based regimens vs. non rituximab-based regimens were compared, but a statistically significant difference was documented in PFS in FL patients. Addition of rituximab to CHOP-like regimens did not improve OS in DLBCL and FL NHL subtypes. In developed countries, diagnosis of NHL was made a decade earlier and in advanced clinical stages. Cost-efficiency of adding rituximab to therapy for these patients should be assessed. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 07/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.07.004
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    ABSTRACT: Pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders are complications in which risk factors are identified such as nulliparity, age, malnutrition, obesity and social issues. Those statements are explained by theories of abnormal placentation, immunological inadequacy, genetics and oxidative stress, but all theories converge in endothelial damage, which is able to mechanically deform and hemolyze erythrocytes as they pass through the capillaries. Given the effects of endothelial damage, the aim of the study was to determine erythrocyte alterations in peripheral blood smear of patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy that could be used as prognostic condition. We performed a prospective, descriptive and observational study where all patients with hypertensive disorders admitted to the obstetrics and gynecology service of a specialty hospital were recruited. Patients who provided signed informed consent underwent peripheral blood smear. Results were tabulated in percentage graphics and analyzed with Cramer's V based on χ(2). The peripheral blood smear consisted of an extended drop of peripheral blood from the patient with subsequent hematological staining done with Romanowsky stain. A total of 119 samples were analyzed; 74% showed abnormal morphology of erythrocytes and the most frequent abnormality was the presence of schistocytes in up to 39% of samples. Descriptive analysis showed a degree of association to independent variables with Cramer's V = 0.41 value (p <0.05). A high percentage of patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy show some morphologic alterations of erythrocytes in peripheral blood smear. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 07/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.07.003
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    ABSTRACT: The IL28B single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12979860 is a major predictor of treatment outcomes in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but its distribution widely varies among populations and ethnicities. We undertook this study to investigate the distribution of IL28B SNP rs12979860 in Mexican patients with HCV infection and to assess its usefulness in predicting response to pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin (PegIFN-α/RVB) therapy. Three hundred and fifty patients with chronic HCV infection were studied. The frequency of sustained virologic response (SVR), non-responders and relapses following a course of standard therapy was longitudinally assessed in 295 of these patients. IL28B SNP rs12979860 was genotyped from genomic DNA using real-time RT-PCR. The number needed to treat (NNT) to achieve a SVR was calculated. Seventy six (22%) patients were CC homozygous, 210 (60%) were heterozygous and 64 (18%) showed TT homozygosity for the IL28B SNP rs12979860. After a standard course of PegIFN-α/RVB, 69% of patients with the CC genotype, 46% of the heterozygous group and 38% of those with the TT genotype (p = 0.001) achieved a SVR. Conversely, the percentage of non-responders was 15, 43, and 48% (p < 0.0001), respectively. The NNT to achieve a SVR was strongly influenced by the IL28B rs12979860 genotype and ranged from 2-10. The IL-28B rs12979860 CC genotype was found in 22% of Mexican patients chronically infected by HCV. Genotyping IL28B SNP rs12979860 is useful to predict the response to a standard regimen with PegIFN-α/RVB, especially in those infected with HCV genotype 1. Copyright © 2015 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Archives of medical research 07/2015; 46(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2015.07.001