Carbohydrate research Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: ScienceDirect (Online service), Elsevier

Current impact factor: 1.93

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.929
2013 Impact Factor 1.966
2012 Impact Factor 2.044
2011 Impact Factor 2.332
2010 Impact Factor 1.898
2009 Impact Factor 2.025
2008 Impact Factor 1.96
2007 Impact Factor 1.723
2006 Impact Factor 1.703
2005 Impact Factor 1.669
2004 Impact Factor 1.451
2003 Impact Factor 1.533
2002 Impact Factor 1.631
2001 Impact Factor 1.349
2000 Impact Factor 1.606
1999 Impact Factor 1.252
1998 Impact Factor 1.354
1997 Impact Factor 1.437
1996 Impact Factor 1.417
1995 Impact Factor 1.506
1994 Impact Factor 1.569
1993 Impact Factor 1.363
1992 Impact Factor 1.506

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.13
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.52
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.50
Other titles Carbon (En ligne)
ISSN 1873-426X
OCLC 300759987
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In our study, one or more glucose degradation products (GDPs) in freshly heat sterilized dextrose 5% in water (D5W) were found to react with a drug candidate having a β-keto amide group (Compound A) to form several drug related compounds with the same molecular weight. However the previously identified GDPs did not react with Compound A to produce the observed adducts, indicating that unidentified GDP(s) reacted with Compound A to form these adducts. Our investigation by reaction-directed fractionation of the reactive D5W with HPLC led to the identification of the reactive GDP, trans-3,4-dideoxyglucosone-3-ene (trans-3,4-DGE), responsible for producing these reaction products. The trans-3,4-DGE was identified from its derivatives of dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) and acetoacetanilide and confirmed by (1) admixing Compound A with authentic trans-3,4-DGE to produce the identical impurities as admixing with freshly heat sterilized D5W, and (2) NMR analysis of the reactive fraction of glucose solutions.
    Carbohydrate research 11/2015; 418:57-64. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.003
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chitinases and chitosanases, referred to as chitinolytic enzymes, are two important categories of glycoside hydrolases (GH) that play a key role in degrading chitin and chitosan, two naturally abundant polysaccharides. Here, we investigate the active site architecture of the major chitosanase (GH8, GH46) and chitinase families (GH18, GH19). Both charged (Glu, His, Arg, Asp) and aromatic amino acids (Tyr, Trp, Phe) are observed with higher frequency within chitinolytic active sites as compared to elsewhere in the enzyme structure, indicating significant roles related to enzyme function. Hydrogen bonds between chitinolytic enzymes and the substrate C2 functional groups, i.e. amino groups and N-acetyl groups, drive substrate recognition, while non-specific CH-π interactions between aromatic residues and substrate mainly contribute to tighter binding and enhanced processivity evident in GH8 and GH18 enzymes. For different families of chitinolytic enzymes, the number, type, and position of substrate atoms bound in the active site vary, resulting in different substrate-binding specificities. The data presented here explain the synergistic action of multiple enzyme families at a molecular level and provide a more reasonable method for functional annotation, which can be further applied toward the practical engineering of chitinases and chitosanases.
    Carbohydrate research 11/2015; 418:50-56. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.002
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemical modification of chitosan is increasingly studied for its potential of providing new application for chitosan. Here, we modify chitosan at its primary hydroxyl via 'click chemistry', and a group of novel water soluble chitosan derivatives with substituted 1,2,3-triazolyl group were designed and synthesized. Aliphatic alcohols with different lengths were used as functional dendrons to improve the antifungal activity of chitosan derivatives. Meanwhile, their antifungal activity against two kinds of phytopathogens was estimated by hypha measurement in vitro. All the chitosan derivatives exhibited excellent activity against tested fungi. It is found that the antifungal activity of chitosan derivatives against the tested fungi increases with augment in the chain length of straight aliphatic alcohols. And the hydrophobic moiety (alkyl) at the periphery of the synthesized chitosan derivatives tends to affect their antifungal activity.
    Carbohydrate research 11/2015; 418:44-49. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.005
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    ABSTRACT: The emergence of multidrug-resistance Acinetobacter baumannii requires novel approaches for prevention, treatment and diagnosis. The structures of surface polysaccharides from A. baumannii are valuable tools to understand pathogenesis, virulence and immunogenicity. The synthesis of bacterial mono- or polysaccharides may result in novel probes to become important therapeutic options in the fight against A. baumannii. This report exemplifies the relevance of glycochemistry for the development of new antibiotics.
    Carbohydrate research 11/2015; 418:29-43. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Novel water-soluble inclusion complexes for fisetin (FIT) were developed by introducing β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and γ-CD. Properties of the obtained complexes, as well as the interactions between each component, were systematically investigated in both solution and solid states by means of ESI-MS, NMR, FT-IR, XRD, DSC, SEM etc. All characterization information demonstrated that FIT/CDs inclusion complexes were formed, and exhibited different spectroscopic features and properties from FIT. A complex with 1:1 stoichiometry of FIT and CDs was confirmed with Job's method. Meanwhile, as supported by molecular modeling calculations, we suggested that phenyl group (C ring) of FIT molecule was included in the CDs cavity from the wide side. Moreover, the water solubility of FIT/CDs was successfully improved from 2.8 mg/mL (in ethanol aqueous solution) to 4.5 mg/mL (FIT/β-CD complex) and 7.8 mg/mL (FIT/γ-CD complex), and higher thermal stability results were shown by thermal analysis for those complexes. Notably, the inclusion complexes displayed almost two times higher cytotoxicity compared to free FIT against Hela and MCF-7 cells. These results suggested that FIT/CDs complexes could be potentially useful in food industry and healthcare area.
    Carbohydrate research 11/2015; 418:20-28. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: All fundamental information such as signal transduction, metabolic control, infection, cell-to-cell signaling, and cell differentiation related to the growth of plants are preserved in germs. In preserving these information, glycans have a key role and are involved in the development and differentiation of organisms. Glycans which exist in rice germ are expected to have an important role in germination. In this study, we performed structural and correlation analysis of the N-glycans in rice germ before and after germination. Our results confirmed that the N-glycans in the ungerminated stage of the rice germ had low number of N-glycans consisting only of six kinds especially with high-mannose and paucimannose type N-glycans being 16.0% and 76.7%, respectively. On the other hand, after 48 hours germinated germ stage, there was an increase in the complex type N-glycans with the appearance of Lewis a structure, the most complex type and a decrease in paucimannose types. These results suggest that at least six kinds of N-glycans are utilized for long time preservation of rice seed, while the diversification of most complex types of N-glycans is produced an environment dependent for shoot formation of rice.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 418:1-8. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.008
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    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of traveler's diarrhea. Previously, we have shown that a C. jejuni capsule polysaccharide (CPS) conjugate vaccine can fully prevent C.jejuni diarrhea in non-human primates. C.jejuni CPSs are decorated with non-stoichiometric amounts of O-methyl phosphoramidate (MeOPN) units that are key serospecific markers. In the case of C.jejuni serotype complex HS23/36, the MeOPN are at positions 2 and 6 of the CPS galactose (Gal). We describe here the synthesis of the p-methoxyphenyl glycoside of MeOPN→6-α-D-Galp, and its immunodetection by antisera raised by C.jejuni CPS conjugates with MeOPN at primary positions. The synthetic approach in this work served as the foundation for a similar MeOPN→6-Gal construct used in a conjugate vaccine, whose synthesis, immunogenicity and efficacy will be described elsewhere.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 418:9-12. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A variety of applications in glycobiology exploit affinity chromatography through the immobilization of glycans to a solid support. Although several strategies are known, they may provide certain advantages or disadvantages in how the sugar is attached to the affinity matrix. Additionally, the products of some methods may be hard to characterize chemically due to non-specific reactions. The lack of specificity in standard immobilization reactions makes affinity chromatography with expensive oligosaccharides challenging. As a result, methods for specific and efficient immobilization of oligosaccharides remain of interest. Herein, we present a method for the immobilization of saccharides using N'-glycosylsulfonohydrazide (GSH) carbohydrate donors. We have compared GSH immobilization to known strategies, including the use of divinyl sulfone (DVS) and cyanuric chloride (CC), for the generation of affinity matrices. We compared immobilization methods by determining their immobilization efficiency, based on a comparison of the mass of immobilized carbohydrate and the concentration of active binding sites (determined using lectins). Our results indicate that immobilization using GSH donors can provide comparable amounts of carbohydrate epitopes on solid support while consuming almost half of the material required for DVS immobilization. The lectin binding capacity observed for these two methods suggests that GSH immobilization is more efficient. We propose that this method of oligosaccharide immobilization will be an important tool for glycobiologists working with precious glycan samples purified from biological sources.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 417:109-116. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Various thiosaccharides and 1-thiotrehaloses were synthesized exploiting salient features of gold-catalyzed glycosidation repertoire using alkynyl 1,2-orthoesters as glycosyl donors. The reaction was found to be general, high yielding, diastereoselective, fast, mild and catalytic.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 417:103-108. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.009
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    ABSTRACT: On mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O160, the O-polysaccharide was cleaved by acid-labile glycosyl phosphate linkages in the main chain. The resultant oligosaccharide and the alkali-treated lipopolysaccharide were studied by sugar analysis along with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopies, and the following structure of the branched pentasaccharide repeating unit of the O-polysaccharide was established: The O-antigen gene cluster of E. coli O160 was found to be consistent with the O-polysaccharide structure established.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 417:89-93. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.007
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IF5-pyridine-HF, an air- and moisture-stable fluorinating reagent, was applied to the synthesis of glycosyl fluorides from (phenylthio)glycosides. Common protecting groups of alcohol and diol can tolerate the reaction conditions performed, and therefore, the present method is applicable to the synthesis of various glycosyl fluorides.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 417:78-80. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.08.005
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    ABSTRACT: A new test was elaborated to identify a new set of orthogonal protecting groups. With the developed method eight different protecting groups were tested under various deprotection conditions and the complex reaction mixtures were analysed by HPLC. The developed method allows for quick identification of orthogonality using simple model structures.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 418. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.007
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Quantitative (1)H selective saturation transfer NMR spectroscopy ((1)H SST qNMR) was used to fully describe the milieu dependent dynamics of the isomeric system of d-erythrose. Thermodynamic activation parameters are calculated for acidic as well as for basic catalysis combining McConnell's modified Bloch equations for the chemical exchange solved for the constraint of saturating the non-hydrated acyclic isomer, the Eyring equation and Hudson's equation for pH dependent catalysis. A detailed mathematical examination describing the milieu dependent dynamics of sugar isomerisation is provided. Thermodynamic data show evidence that photo-catalysed sugar isomerisation as well as degradation has to be considered. Approximations describing the pH and temperature dependence of thermodynamic activation parameters are derived that indicate the possibility of photo-affecting equilibrium constants. Moreover, the results show that isomerisation dynamics are closely related to degradation kinetics and that sugars' reactivities are altered by the concentration of acyclic carbonyl isomer and the sum of its ring closing rate constants. Additionally, it is concluded that sugar solutions show a limited self-stabilising behaviour.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 418. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Xylose is one of the few monosaccharidic building blocks that are used by mammalian cells. In comparison with other monosaccharides, xylose is rather unusual and, so far, only found in two different mammalian structures, i.e. in the Notch receptor and as the linker between protein and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains in proteoglycans. Interestingly, simple soluble xylopyranosides can not only initiate the biosynthesis of soluble GAG chains but also function as inhibitors of important enzymes in the biosynthesis of proteoglycans. Furthermore, xylose is a major constituent of hemicellulosic xylans and thus one of the most abundant carbohydrates on Earth. Altogether, this has spurred a strong interest in xylose chemistry. The scope of this review is to describe synthesis of xylopyranosyl donors, as well as protective group chemistry, modifications, and conformational analysis of xylose.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2015; 418. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.10.004
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    ABSTRACT: In a facile synthesis agarose was amphoterically functionalized to afford nano-sized agarose amino acids, aminoagarose succinate half-esters (AAE) containing one pendant carboxyl group. Nano-sized AAEs (<10 nm; DLS) were characterized and they had three various degrees of substitution [overall DSs 0.88, 0.89 and 0.96], both the amino and half-ester groups were placed on C-6 positions of the 1,3 beta-d-galactopyranose moieties of agarose backbone ((13)C NMR). AAEs performed like large protein molecules exhibiting pH-responsive structural variations (optical rotatory dispersion), presenting a mixed solubility pattern like random coil (soluble) and aggregate (precipitation) formations. Circular dichroism studies showed their pH-dependent associative interactions with bovine serum albumin, which indicated complexation at acidic and basic pHs, and decomplexation at pH 6.8 with AAE (DS 0.96). Thus, these nano-sized AAE based systems may be of potential utility in the domains demanding the merits of preferential protein bindings e.g. pH-responsive cationic/anionic drug carrier, separations or chiral sensing applications.
    Carbohydrate research 09/2015; 417:57-65. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.09.001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arylation of 6-O-tert-butyldiphenylsilyl-3,4-di-O-isobutyloxycarbonyl-d-glucal (3) with various phenols in the presence of a catalytic amount of palladium(0) gave the corresponding 2,3- and 3,4-unsaturated β-O-glycosides. The reaction is stereospecific, in all cases, only the β-anomer is formed.
    Carbohydrate research 09/2015; 417:34-40. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.08.016
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    ABSTRACT: A new approach for one-pot synthesis of novel sugar/heterocyclic(aryl) 1,2-diketones has been achieved by the reaction of various sugar terminal alkynes with heterocyclic(aryl) iodides at room temperature. This one-pot protocol includes Sonogashira coupling and mild n-Bu4NMnO4 oxidation reaction. This method is mild, general and efficient. Fifty-six examples have been given and the sugar/heterocyclic(aryl) 1,2-diketones were obtained in 71-94% yields. The sugar terminal alkynes include 9 structurally different sugars in pyranose, furanose, and acyclic form which have various protecting groups, sensitive groups, and sterically bulky substituents. The heterocyclic(aryl) iodides include sterically bulky heterocyclic compounds and iodobenzenes with electron-donating, electron-neutral, and electron-withdrawing substituents.
    Carbohydrate research 09/2015; 417:41-51. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2015.08.017