Archives of gerontology and geriatrics

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Current impact factor: 1.53

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.525
2012 Impact Factor 1.704
2011 Impact Factor 1.452
2010 Impact Factor 1.438
2009 Impact Factor 1.36
2008 Impact Factor 1.27
2007 Impact Factor 1.289
2006 Impact Factor 1.136
2005 Impact Factor 0.76
2004 Impact Factor 0.556
2003 Impact Factor 0.5
2002 Impact Factor 0.681
2001 Impact Factor 0.457
2000 Impact Factor 0.269
1999 Impact Factor 0.311
1998 Impact Factor 0.333
1997 Impact Factor 0.233
1996 Impact Factor 0.347
1995 Impact Factor 0.472
1994 Impact Factor 0.779
1993 Impact Factor 0.298
1992 Impact Factor 0.55

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 1.57
Cited half-life 5.60
Immediacy index 0.27
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.40
ISSN 1872-6976

Publisher details

Elsevier

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  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To translate the Life Space Assessment (LSA) into Chinese and to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the LSA (LSA-C) among community-dwelling elderly. Data were collected from 100 community-dwelling elderly people (50 males and 50 females) aged over 65 years (72.23±5.05) in Shanghai. The criterion convergent validity was evaluated by bivariate Pearson correlation analysis separately between the LSA-C and physical health section of the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36-PH), Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADLs), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADLs), and Mini Physical Performance Test (Mini-PPT). The construct validity was estimated using mental health section of the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36-MH), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). The test-retest reliability of the LSA-C was tested after two weeks by inter-class correlation method. The test-retest reliability of the LSA-C was 0.76. The criterion convergent validity, which was evaluated by bivariate Pearson correlation analysis between the LSA-C and SF-36-PH, IADLs, and Mini-PPT, was 0.595 (P<0.001), 0.567 (P<0.001), and 0.433 (P<0.001), respectively. The construct validity, which was evaluated by the SF-36, GDS, and MMSE, was 0.704 (P<0.001), -0.544 (P<0.001), and 0.424 (P<0.001), respectively. The LSA-C has acceptable reliability and validity and is significantly correlated with other health evaluation tools with respect to, e.g., health status, daily function, physical performance, presence of depression, and cognitive status. These results demonstrate that the LSA-C can be applied to health evaluations and interventions in community-dwelling elderly in China. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.012
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    ABSTRACT: Individualized feedback-based virtual reality (IFVR) exercise is gaining attention as a cost-effective self-management strategy, however little is known about whether older adults themselves perceive IFVR exercise effective in improving their health. Therefore, we studied the effect of IFVR exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older women. Fifty-four older women aged ≥65 years were randomized to either IFVR exercise group (IFVRG, n=26) or group-based exercise group (GG, n=28). Both groups received a 60-min intervention three times a week for eight weeks. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered. To identify the possible placebo effect, 30-Second Chair Stand Test (30SCST), 8-Foot Up-and-Go Test (8FUGT), and 2-Minute Step Test (2MST) were also administered. intention-to-treat analysis with adjustment for baseline levels revealed that IFVRG showed greater improvement in mental health (p=0.029) and lower body strength (p=0.042), compared to GG. Within-group analysis for HRQoL revealed that IFVRG showed an increase in role-physical (p=0.015), bodily pain (p=0.017), general health (p=0.004), vitality (p=0.010), role-emotional (p=0.007), and mental health (p<0.001), whereas GG showed an increase in role-physical (p=0.022), general health (p=0.023), and social functioning (p = 0.023). Both groups showed an increase in 30SCST, 2MST and 8FUGT (all p<0.001). IFVR exercise improved HRQoL in older women, in addition to improving physical fitness. Therefore, it might be recommended to older women as an effective self-management strategy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.010
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    ABSTRACT: Fall is one of the most important outcomes of geriatric medicine. The European Assessment System (EASY) Care Standard provides a tool for assessing the risk of the falls. We aimed to evaluate the validity of the Easy-Care risk of the falls (ECRF) sub-score among the residents of a large nursing home. A longitudinal study was conducted within a maximum of 34 months following up for falling in Kahrizak Charity Foundation. At the baseline the demographic, mental status and the depression data of 194 subjects aged ≥60 was collected. The Easy-Care standard tools and Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA) were also used for data collecting. The time, location, and cause of the falls were recorded immediately after each fall incident. The Correlation between POMA and ECRF scores and the factor analysis of ECRF were considered as the concurrent and construct validity respectively. The Factor affecting the fall occurrence was assessed using the Cox-regression model. The mean age of the participants was 76.02 (SD 8.82). Fifty two individuals (27.3%) fell at least once during the mean 756 (SD 187)-day follow up. The Spearman correlation coefficient between ECRF and POMA scores was -0.458 (P<0.01). Three components were detected in the factor analysis of the ECRF. In the univariate Cox-regression model, the hazard ratio was 1.04 (CI: 1.00-1.07) for each score increase of the ECRF. For the six-month follow-up, at the ECRF cut-off point two of eight, the sensitivity and specificity were calculated as 85.7% and 64.5% respectively. It seems that the ECRF is a valid tool for predicting the next 6 months' fall incidents in older adults. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.014
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to examine loneliness among two birth cohorts, born 20 years apart, when they were 70 years of age, and to identify factors explaining loneliness. The cohorts consisted of older home-dwelling residents of Turku, Finland, from the birth cohort 1920 in 1991 (N=1530) and the birth cohort 1940 in 2011 (N=1307). Suffering from loneliness was assessed with the question: 'Do you suffer from loneliness?' Cross-tabulations with chi-square test, general linear model (GLM) and multiple regression analysis were used in statistical testing and modeling. In the 1940 cohort, around one-fifth (18%) of the respondents suffered from loneliness at least sometimes, while the corresponding figure in the 1920 cohort was around one-fourth (26%). Our analyses indicated that the effect of cohort was not a statistically significant explanatory factor of loneliness. Living status, self-rated health and memory compared to age peers were statistically significant explanatory factors for suffering from loneliness. When we controlled the effect of depressiveness on the experience of loneliness, it was shown that the effects of living status and self-rated health remained statistically significant, whereas memory compared to age peers did not. Depressiveness itself was highly important. The combined effect of living status and self-rated health emerged as the most significant explanatory factor for loneliness. Older people with poor self-rated health who lived alone were most likely to suffer from loneliness. The findings give healthcare professionals an opportunity to plan for interventions aimed at combating loneliness among home-dwelling older people. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.004
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    ABSTRACT: The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) among older women, risk factors, and the effect on activities of daily living (ADLs). The study was conducted in family health centers located in a city in eastern Turkey. The study population consisted of 1094 women age 65 and older chosen with a simple random sampling method. The inclusion criteria were 65 years and older, female, and not diagnosed with mental or emotional diseases or conditions that obstruct communication. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews with the Questionnaire and Daily Life Activities Data Form created by the researchers based on the Roper, Logan, and Tierney model. The prevalence of UI in women age 65 and older was 51.6%, and the most common type was urge incontinence. The number of births, number of abortions, age at last birth, and home births affected the development of UI (p<0.001). In addition, body mass index, constipation, urinary tract infection, cough, hormone replacement therapy, genital prolapse, cystocele, urogenital surgery, nocturia, and daily urine output were determined to be risk factors (p<0.001). Among the ADLs, 13.7% with UI reported that they had fallen when getting up from the toilet, 34.3% had experienced a sense of shame, 45.8% avoided coughing, and 46.5% restricted fluid intake. Prevalence of UI in women age 65 and older was high, and the most common was urge incontinence. UI has many risk factors and affects many ADLs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.008
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    ABSTRACT: The fall-related injuries of old people have attracted increasing attention particularly because of the continuous aging of the population. In this meta-analysis, we aim to present the incidence and sub-groups of fall-related injuries among old people in mainland China. A systematic electronic literature search was performed using four Chinese and two English databases. The selected papers were cross-sectional studies in mainland China, the participants of which were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using questionnaire. The risk of bias was assessed using the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE), and the pooled rates were estimated by DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model. A total of 40 cross-sectional studies that focused on 128,691 participants who were aged 60 years were included in this review. On the one hand, 54.95 per 1000 (overall), 45.94 per 1000 (males), 78.89 per 1000 (females), 25.95 per 1000 (60 years to 69 years), 33.03 per 1000 (70 years to 79 years), and 62.74 per 1000 (≥80 years) were estimated for the pooled incidence of fall-related injury. On the other hand, 91.72 per 1000 (overall), 94.54 per 1000 (males), and 144.93 per 1000 (females) were estimated for person-time incidence of fall-related injury. Higher incidence rates were observed in females compared with males, and these rates continued to increase along with age. A moderate level of fall-related injuries was observed among old people in mainland China. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.06.003
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose of the research The purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of massage based on the tensegrity principle and classical abdominal massage performed on patients with constipation. Materials and methods The study group consisted of 29 subjects with a pre-existing diagnosis of constipation based on the Rome III criteria. The patients were divided into two groups: the first group was made up of 15 patients who underwent tensegrity massage (average age: 59.8 years), and the second was made up of 14 patients who were given classical abdominal massage (average age: 55.7 years). The study consisted of six massage sessions in both groups, with two sessions per week performed over 21 days. The assessment was based on a patient questionnaire, the Rome III Questionnaire and a diary of bowel movements. The results were analyzed before therapy, after one week of therapy and after the third (final) week of therapy. Results Changes in the number of defecations were compared between the two groups; the biggest changes occurred in the first and third week of therapy (p<0.01, calculated by the Mann-Whitey test). As a result of the therapy, tension during defecation dropped from 60% to 20% in Group I, and from 42.8% to 35.7% in Group II. The influence of the applied therapy was evaluated positively by 80% of the tensegrity massage group and 29% of the classical abdominal massage group. Conclusions Massage based on the tensegrity principle may have a greater positive influence on the quality and quantity of bowel movements than classical abdominal massage.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.011
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    ABSTRACT: The European Working Group of Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) has developed an algorithm based on gait speed measurement to begin sarcopenia case-finding in clinical practice, in which a cut-off point of <0.8m/s identifies risk for sarcopenia in community-dwelling older people. The objective of this study was to assess the application of the EWGSOP algorithm in hospitalised elderly patients with impaired functional capacity. One hundred in-patients (aged 84.1 SD 8.5, 62% women) were prospectively studied in a postacute care geriatric unit focused on rehabilitation. Sarcopenia was assessed by corporal composition (electrical bioimpedance), handgrip strength, and physical performance (gait speed). Other measurements were Charlson index, length of stay, and functional gain at discharge and 3-month follow-up. All patients were screened by the EWGSOP algorithm and sarcopenia was confirmed according to diagnostic criteria. Gait speed was <0.8m/s in all cases and 58 patients had low muscle mass, which, according to the EWGSOP-algorithm, would indicate a diagnosis of sarcopenia. No differences were observed in functional capacity between these patients and those with normal muscle mass. When decreased handgrip strength was considered, 47 of these patients met the EWGSOP criteria for severe sarcopenia. In this group, differences in functional capacity were observed at discharge (Barthel 45.2 vs. 56.3, p=0.042) and 3-month follow-up (48.3 vs. 59.8, p=0.047). The application of the EWGSOP algorithm in hospitalised, postacute, elderly patients with low gait speed suggested that muscle strength should be considered before confirming or discarding a sarcopenia diagnosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.008
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    ABSTRACT: Aging is associated with decline in physical function that could result in the development of physical impairment and disability. Hence, interventions that simultaneously challenge balance ability, trunk (core) and extremity strength of older adults could be particularly effective in preserving and enhancing these physical functions. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of feedback-based balance and core resistance training utilizing the a special computer-controlled device (Huber(®)) with the conventional Pilates training on balance ability, neuromuscular function and body composition of healthy older women. Thirty-four older women (age: 70±4 years) were randomly assigned to a Huber group (n=17) or Pilates group (n=17). Both groups trained for 8 weeks, 3 times a week. Maximal isometric strength of the trunk flexors, extensors, and lateral flexors, leg power, upper-body strength, single- and dual-task static balance, and body composition were measured before and after the intervention programs. Significant group×time interactions and main effects of time (p<0.05) were found for body composition, balance ability in standard and dual-task conditions, all trunk muscle strength variables, and leg power in favor of the Huber group. The observed improvements in balance ability under both standard and dual-task conditions in the Huber group were mainly the result of enhanced postural control in medial-lateral direction (p<0.05). Feedback-based balance and core resistance training proved to be more effective in improving single- and dual-task balance ability, trunk muscle strength, leg power, and body composition of healthy older women than the traditional Pilates training. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.009
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    ABSTRACT: Examining pre- and perioperative predictors of changes in mobility and living arrangements after hip fracture. Population-based prospective data were collected on 1027 hip fracture patients aged ≥65. The outcomes were decreased vs. same or improved mobility level and need for more supported vs. same or less supported living arrangements 1 year after hip fracture. The independent variables were age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, diagnosis of memory disorder, mobility level and living arrangements, fracture type, delay to surgery and urinary catheter removal during acute hospitalization. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the prefracture mobility level of walking outdoors (OR=0.47, 95% CI 0.30-0.75) or indoors (OR=0.25, 95% CI 0.09-0.72) assisted to be associated with a smaller decrease in mobility level. Non-independent mobility level (OR=2.74, 95% CI 1.70-4.41) was associated with the need of more supported living arrangements. Living in assisted living accommodations (OR=0.23, 95% CI 0.12-0.44) was associated with less need for more supported living arrangements. Removal of the urinary catheter showed a protective association on both decline in mobility level (OR=0.45; 95% CI 0.29-0.70) and moving to a more supported living arrangement(OR=0.49,95% CI 0.31-0.77. Worsening of mobility was significant for independent mobilizers. Prefracture impaired mobility was associated with the need of more supported living arrangements. Living in an assisted living accommodation protected against institutionalization. The findings emphasize the importance of a prompt removal of the urinary catheter after hip fracture. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.007
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    ABSTRACT: To validate the psychometric properties and efficiency of the Balance Computerized Adaptive Testing (Balance CAT) when applied to residents in long-term care (LTC) facilities. A cohort study was conducted in central Taiwan. The Balance CAT, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and the Barthel Index (BI) were administered to each participant with the ability to follow simple instructions by a trained rater in two days. The Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) was used to determine the concurrent validity of the Balance CAT. ANOVA and post hoc analysis were employed to investigate the discriminative ability of the Balance CAT. The paired t test was used to validate the efficiency. A total of 120 participants completed assessments of the Balance CAT, the BBS, and the Barthel Index (BI). The Pearson's r between the scores of the Balance CAT and the BBS was 0.90. Groups with different levels of dependence had significantly different mean scores of the Balance CAT. The mean IRT reliability of the Balance CAT scores was 0.93. The mean administration time of the Balance CAT was about 28% of that of the BBS, and the mean number of items used in the Balance CAT was 3.4. The Balance CAT had excellent concurrent and discriminative validity, reliability, and efficiency in residents of LTC facilities. These results indicate that the Balance CAT is a sound and practical measure for assessing the balance function of residents of LTC facilities. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; 83. DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.04.009
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    ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to identify the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in frail, elderly nursing home residents, and assess its possible association with falling and chances of successful rehabilitation. A prospective observational cohort study. A total of 290 patients participated in this study, of which 128 were admitted to the rehabilitation department. OH was defined as a drop in systolic blood pressure of >20mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of >10mmHg after postural change within 3min. The analyses regarding falling and successful rehabilitation were only performed in the rehabilitation group. Multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were used to describe risk factors related with falling. Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to investigate the relation between OH and the time to successful rehabilitation. The prevalence of OH in the studied nursing home population was 36.6% (95% CI (confidence interval): 31.1-42.1%). The prevalence varied from 28.6% (95% CI: 16.8-40.4%) in somatic patients, 36.7% (95% CI: 28.4-45.1%) in rehabilitation patients, to 40.6% (95% CI: 31.3-50.0%) in psychogeriatric patients. The association between orthostatic hypotension and previous falling was not significant; Odds ratio 0.66 (95% CI: 0.30-1.48). The Hazard ratio of the relationship between OH and successful rehabilitation was 2.88 (95% CI:1.77-4.69). OH is highly prevalent in nursing home residents. Surprisingly, patients with OH were found to have a higher chance of successful rehabilitation compared to patients without OH. If confirmed in other studies, these results may change our view of the implications of OH. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.005
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To evaluate the nutritional status and dietary intake of institutionalized elderly in Turkey. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting: 25 institutions in 19 cities throughout Turkey. Participants: Elderly residents aged 65 years and older (n = 554). Measurements: Nutritional status using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), food consumption with 24-hour dietary recall and anthropometric measurements (body weight, height, body mass index-BMI, waist circumference-WC, hip circumference, waist/hip ratio, mid-upper arm circumference-MUAC). Results The mean age of the elderly was 76.1 ± 7.3 years. BMI of elderly men and women were found to be 26.59 ± 4.58 kg/m2 and 30.07 ± 6.32 kg/m2, respectively. WC of elderly men and women were found to be 98.90 ± 1.33 cm and 100.62 ± 1.34 cm, respectively. Most of the elderly were overweight based on BMI and at risk of metabolic diseases based on WC. According to MNA, 44.2% had normal nutritional status, 49.1% were at risk of malnutrition, 6.7% had malnutrition. All nutrients intake was favourable according to requirements, except for calcium and magnesium. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins A, E, B1, B2, B6, C folat, iron, zinc intake of elderly who had normal nutritional status, who were at risk of malnutrition and malnourished were significantly different. Energy and nutrients intake of elderly who had normal nutritional status was found to be better than the others. Conclusion Nutritional status should be periodically screened in the institutionalized elderly to prevent malnutrition. Also, it was noted that adequate energy and nutrients intake of the elderly played a crucial role in maintaining nutritional status and preventing malnutrition within residential homes.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.004
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    ABSTRACT: Scanty data are available on the accuracy of NT-proBNP in the diagnosis of HF and effects of comorbidities in very elderly patients. Symptoms, signs, NT-proBNP, eGFR, Ht, CRP and the presence of cardiomegaly and pleuric effusion were assessed in 895 consecutive patients aged 86±4.3 years admitted to Emergency Department and used to define the diagnosis of HF according to Framingham criteria. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used to calculate diagnostic performance and cutoff of NT-proBNP. Sensitivity (Sn), specificity (Sp), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were computed for all NT-proBNP cutoffs. Satisfactory diagnostic performance was obtained with a lower threshold of 980pg/mL (Sn 0.95; NPV 0.90) and a higher threshold of 5340 (Sp 0.85; PPV 0.76) but with 42.4% of patients in the uncertainty area. We determined a second couple of cutoffs (1470-4200) that reduced the gray-area to 27.4%, maintaining an acceptable diagnostic performance compared to commonly used cutoffs (300-1800). Ht, CRP and eGFR all correlated with NT-proBNP in groups with and without HF but none affected diagnostic performance. NT-proBNP performs satisfactorily for the diagnosis of HF in very elderly patients. Proposed threshold couple, compared with the most used cutoffs, showed a gain in Sp and PPV with a slightly lower performance in Sn and NPV and with a decrease in the gray-area with the second one. Our data do not support the use of different NT-proBNP cutoffs depending on eGFR, Ht and CRP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.05.001
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    ABSTRACT: Most publications describe cathepsin B and L as tumor and metastasis factors. These proteases also play a very important role in aging process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum level of cathepsin B and L with aging and their association with matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), which was reported to associate with age-related diseases. This research was conducted using blood samples provided by healthy people (n=90, 63 men and 27 women). Subjects were subdivided into groups with respect to age: young (about 18-30 years old, n=30), middle age (about 36-50 years old, n=30), and aged (above 56 years old, n=30). Altered serum level of cathepsin B, cathepsin L, and MMP2 with aging was studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting using discriminative antibodies specific for each factor. ELISA and Western blotting revealed that the serum level of cathepsin L and MMP2, but not cathepsin B significantly decreased in aged group compared with young group. Cathepsin L positively correlates with MMP2 among the whole healthy people (r(2)=0.869, p<0.0001). The serum level of cathepsin L decreased with age, while cathepsin B remained no significant difference between young and aged individuals. In addition, cathepsin L positively correlates with MMP2. The cathepsin L may be used as a monitoring index in age-related diseases. In addition to cathepsin B, cathepsin L may be also involved in the aging process. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.04.010
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the relationship between falls and various physical activities in the oldest old people. This study was conducted to observe the association of fall with various exercise habits and farm work in very old people. In this cross-sectional study of a Chinese cohort of men and women aged 90-108 years, we observed the association of fall with habitual (current and former) farm work and exercise in very old people. The population included 805 unrelated Chinese nonagenarians and centenarians (68.94% of the subjects were women, with a mean age of 93.70 years). In the women, the subjects with a continuing exercise habit had a significantly lower prevalence of fall than those without an exercise habit; the subjects who had never exercised had a significantly higher prevalence of fall than those who exercised. In men, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of these habits between the subjects with and without fall. After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, educational levels, life styles, vision levels and temperament, we found that current habitual farm work (OR=1.755 95% CI (1.107, 2.780)) and exercise OR=0.666 95% CI (0.445, 0.997) had a significant odds ratio for fall; among the females, continuing exercise (vs. having never exercised) had a significant odds ratio for fall (OR=0.620 95% CI (0.395, 0.973)). Habitual farm work might be positively associated with fall; however, habitual exercise might be negatively associated with fall in Chinese long-lived old people. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 04/2015; 61(1). DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.04.008
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    ABSTRACT: CVD are the leading causes of death and disability in the world. Since there are no published data about the knowledge of CVD risk factors among Croatian older adults, this was the primary aim of this study. Another aim was to determine relationship between actual CVD risk (total cholesterol - TC and triglyceride levels - TG, blood pressure - BP, body mass index - BMI, smoking) and self-assessed CVD risk among older adults. We used a cross-sectional epidemiological study in which participants (969 subjects aged >70 years) answered a written questionnaire. Participants' BMI, BP, TC and triglycerides were measured. The actual presence of CVD risk factors in participants did not appear to alter their perceptions of risk compared to participants without CVD risk factors (the percentage of participants who think that they have moderate/high CVD risk is almost the same: 75.5% among participants with actual CVD risk factors; 75.7% among those without CVD risk factors). Accordingly, 24.5% of participants with actual CVD risk factors failed to recognize that risk. Only 23.4% of participants correctly recognized BP target values, while 49.8% participants successfully recognized TC target levels. The knowledge of target BP and/or TC levels did not influence participants' ability to assess their own CVD risk. Surprisingly, 41.8% of participants reported that they have not discussed CVD risk factors with their physicians. The results suggest insufficient awareness of CVD risk factors among Croatian older adults and a need for improved promotion of CVD prevention in this population segment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 04/2015; 61(1). DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.04.001
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence that person-centered care improves nursing home residents' quality of life. Despite the clear focus of person-centered care on enhancing care for residents and engaging residents in care, there are few options available for measuring person-centered care from the perspective of the elder residents. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the English version of the Person-centered Climate Questionnaire-Patient (PCQ-P) in U.S. long-term care settings. A total of 189 older adults from six nursing homes in the Midwestern United States were included. Convergent validity and known-group comparison were examined for construct validity. Exploratory factor analysis and second-order confirmatory factor analysis were utilized to examine the factor structure. Reliability was tested using Cronbach's alpha values for internal consistency. This study demonstrated a substantial convergent validity of the PCQ-P in English as higher scores correlated significantly with higher resident life satisfaction (r=0.459), and the satisfactory construct validity as evidenced by a significantly higher mean PCQ-P score from residents in higher quality nursing homes. Factor analysis demonstrated that the PCQ-P had three factors (hospitality, safety, and everydayness) in U.S. nursing home residents. The PCQ-P showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability (α=0.89). The English version of the PCQ-P is a valid and reliable tool to directly measure the perceptions of the person-centered climate in the U.S nursing homes. The simple and straightforward PCQ-P items are easy to administer to nursing home residents. Consequently, clinical staff can utilize the PCQ-P to assess the unit climate, and evaluate outcomes of person-centered interventions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 04/2015; 61(1). DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2015.03.010