international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine

Publisher: Springer Verlag


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    International journal of stomatology and occlusion medicine
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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radicular cysts are the most frequent odontogenic cystic lesions in human tooth-bearing areas but according to the English literature are rarely associated with deciduous teeth. This case report presents an additional case of a radicular cyst associated with a deciduous mandibular molar along with a bifid rib. The presentation, diagnosis, management and outcome of this radicular cyst are discussed.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background The mechanism of action of occlusal splints used for the successful treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) remains unclear and controversial. Aim The aim of this study was to observe the mandibular response during sleep bruxism (SB) on the elimination of occlusal influences by using a flat anterior and lateral guidance splint (FGS). Material and method Any changes in mandibular movement patterns and condylar position with the introduction of this tool were measured. Current SB activity on the natural dentition was evaluated using a Brux Checker® (BC) and compared with the activity after insertion of an FGS in 153 subjects. Result The spatial mandibular position changed individually with a tendency toward forward and downward movement. The insertion of an FGS led to a change in the topographical condyle-fossa relationship and seemed to create an “unloading” condition for the temporomandibular joint. It was found that increased angulation of the maxillar incisors was responsible for altered muscular activity during sleep. Conclusion The masticatory organ appears to self-regulate and to provide an oral behavior modification, which may be more physiological using the FGS as a compensating factor. In this context, it is assumed that sleep bruxism in terms of parafunctional activity is a physiological function of the masticatory organ. The results of this study indicate the importance of controlling anterior guidance in the functional reconstruction of human occlusion.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 12/2013; 6(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Buccal recession is a main complication of median lower lip piercing. This article reports on the treatment of a clinical case with two areas of buccal recession in the first mandibular incisors 4 years after removal of the piercing. Methods: A 28-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation and treatment and presented with two areas of buccal recession of 3 mm in size in teeth numbers 31 and 41. Following oral hygiene instructions and supragingival debridement the plaque index was 20 % and the gingival index was 4 %. A subepithelial connective tissue graft in combination with enamel matrix derivatives (EMD) was carried out using the tunnel technique to provide root coverage. Results: The tissue color was nearly homogeneous with some reddish regions where the connective tissue was left uncovered ten days after the surgical procedure and there were no signs of incisions or suture marks. After 3 months there was complete root coverage, gain of keratinized tissue and gain in tissue thickness. Conclusions: The tunnel technique in combination with a subepithelial connective tissue graft and EMD was used successfully for the treatment of buccal recession after removal of the median lower lip piercing.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 03/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate how vertical facial height correlates with mandibular plane angle, facial width and depth from a three dimensional (3D) viewing angle. In this study 3D cephalometric landmarks were identified and measurements from 43 randomly selected cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of dry skulls from the Weisbach collection of Vienna Natural History Museum were analyzed. Pearson correlation coefficients of facial height measurements and mandibular plane angle and the correlation coefficients of height-width and height-depth were calculated, respectively. The mandibular plane angle (MP-SN) significantly correlated with ramus height (Co-Go) and posterior facial height (PFH) but not with anterior lower face height (ALFH) or anterior total face height (ATFH). The ALFH and ATFH showed significant correlation with anterior cranial base length (S-N), whereas PFH showed significant correlation with the mandible (S-B) and maxilla (S-A) anteroposterior position. High or low mandibular plane angle might not necessarily be accompanied by long or short anterior face height, respectively. The PFH rather than AFH is assumed to play a key role in the vertical facial type whereas AFH seems to undergo relatively intrinsic growth.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 01/2013; 6:120-129.
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    ABSTRACT: This article describes the complex dental treatment of an adult patient with missing upper posterior teeth, malocclusion with a severe curve of Spee and generalized moderate chronic periodontitis. A skeletal Class II due to a retruded mandible with high overjet and overbite and labial inclination of the maxillary incisors were also present. Based on the loss of supporting periodontal tissue, missing upper posterior teeth and extrusion of the antagonist teeth, with consequent loss of space for rehabilitation, the orthodontic treatment consisted of a miniscrew anchorage on the posterior maxilla. A multiloop edgewise arch wire was applied in the lower arch in order to correct the severity of the curve of Spee, intruding posterior teeth and incisors. When the occlusal plane was established and a normal interocclusal space was obtained at the posterior teeth a prosthodontic treatment with implants was done to replace the missing teeth. In spite of the high skeletal Class II at the end of the treatment, the overall treatment improved periodontal attachments and a Class I dental relationship was achieved with a slight mandibular anterior repositioning. Furthermore, improved aesthetics of the patient was obtained by upper incisor retraction without increasing vertical dimensions.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 10/2012; 5(4):188–197.
  • international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Osteomas are rare benign osteogenic lesions commonly seen in the maxillofacial region. Osteomas in the maxillofacial region are normally asymptomatic until the patient develops complications due to asymmetry and malocclusion. Osteomas can be either peripheral, central or extraskeletal. Central osteomas are of endosteal origin whereas peripheral osteomas originate from the periosteum. Peripheral osteomas are more common in the mandible than the maxilla. The aim of this article is to report a case of a mandibular osteoma above the mental foramen. Case A 55-year-old male patient was referred to the clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery with the complaint of a facial swelling. Radiographic examinations revealed a hard tissue mass above the mental foramen and the lesion was removed with the patient under local anesthesia. The histopathological diagnosis was an osteoma. Conclusion The healing was uneventful without recurrence at the end of 1 year.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 12/2011; 4(4).
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeTuberculosis has a global incidence with an estimated 1.86 billion people being affected. Tuberculous lymphadenitis is a chronic specific granulomatous inflammation with caseation necrosis of the lymph nodes. This case report highlights a rare presentation of tuberculous lymphadenitis as an inflammatory swelling in the preauricular and submandibular regions. Methods and patientA 12-year-old female patient presented with two solitary swellings in the right preauricular and right submandibular regions which had been present for 1 week. Both swellings were 2 ´ 2cm in size with signs of inflammation of the overlying skin. The investigations and treatment have been reviewed in the presented report. ConclusionsMycobacterial infection must always be considered as a possible differential diagnosis when treating patients with such swellings refractory to normal antibiotic regimes. Tuberculosis normally presents as a cold abscess but this may not always be the case. KeywordsTuberculosis–Mycobacterium tuberculosis–Tuberculous lymphadenitis–Child–Antitubercular agents
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 01/2011; 4(2):72-75.

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