international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine

Publisher: Springer Verlag

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Other titles International journal of stomatology and occlusion medicine
ISSN 1867-2221
OCLC 316227121
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Onplants are skeletal orthodontic anchorage devices that serve as alternatives to the frequently used miniscrews and palatal implants. Since onplants are not placed in bone, immediate loading is not possible and treatment may be prolonged. The purpose of this study was to improve the onplant surface by nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) coating and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) biofunctionalization to enhance osseointegration. Materials and methods Forty-eight onplants were placed on the palate and the mandible of three domestic pigs. The onplants were divided into three groups of the same size: (1) uncoated, (2) coated with NCD, (3) coated with NCD and functionalized with BMP-2. After 6 weeks, the pigs were sacrificed and the samples were subjected to radiographic, histologic, and histomorphometric analyses. Results Ten of the 48 onplants were lost. There was no significant difference between the samples in the upper and the lower jaw. The BMP-2 functionalized onplants showed higher bone-to-implant contact than the other groups albeit without significance. Conclusion The results of this pilot study show that BMP-2 biofunctionalization of NCD-coated onplants improves osseointegration and may suggest its clinical use in orthodontics. Due to the high loss rate, more investigations are required to confirm the beneficial effects and the current data should be interpreted with caution.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0116-0
  • international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 09/2014; 7(3):63-67. DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0108-0
  • international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 09/2014; 7(3):68-76. DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0109-z
  • international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 09/2014; 7(3):77-80. DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0107-1
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    ABSTRACT: Radicular cysts are the most frequent odontogenic cystic lesions in human tooth-bearing areas but according to the English literature are rarely associated with deciduous teeth. This case report presents an additional case of a radicular cyst associated with a deciduous mandibular molar along with a bifid rib. The presentation, diagnosis, management and outcome of this radicular cyst are discussed.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0111-5
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    ABSTRACT: Root canal treatment of invaginated teeth is frequently challenging because of problems associated with gaining access to the root canals and with variations of canal morphology associated with this type of malformation. This article reports on the conservative endodontic management of bilateral upper central incisors diagnosed with infected dens invaginatus (Oehlers type II) and associated irreversible pulpitis with concomitant oligodontia. The use of contemporary endodontic techniques in the diagnosis, treatment planning and management of the case are highlighted.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 08/2014; 7(3):81-84. DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0110-6
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    ABSTRACT: Schwannomas are uncommon benign encapsulated slow growing neural neoplasms which originate from Schwann cells of peripheral, cranial and autonomic nerves. Schwannomas are usually solitary lesions but can be manifold when associated with syndromes. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice of schwannomas, with few and controversial reports of recurrence or malignant transformation. This article reports a rare case of a solitary benign schwannoma arising from the infraorbital nerve which presented as an asymptomatic swelling in the right cheek region of the face. Treatment was carried out with the patient under general anesthesia by complete excision with preservation of the nerve and without significant postoperative morbidity.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 06/2014; 7(2):60-62. DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0106-2
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the three-dimensional (3D) changes in craniofacial morphology between 482 identified Portuguese skulls from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries and 150 modern Portuguese individuals randomly selected from the armed forces. The goal was to investigate the interrelationship between changes in various parts of the skull, in particular, the cranial base, the brain supporting structures, and the face. Cone beam computed tomography images from the identified skull collections belonging to the Department of Life Sciences at the University of Coimbra and Natural History National Museum of Lisbon were used. These 3D images from craniometric analyses included 19 different linear, angular, and orthogonal 3D measurements. The trend in horizontal position of the maxilla (SNA) and horizontal position of the mandible (SNB) angles showed a significant increase, while the relative position of the maxilla to mandible (ANB) and the global angle mean values decreased over time. Skulls from each subsequent century demonstrated a decrease in anterior cranial base, indicated by the mean distance between S and N landmarks. Significant negative correlations were found between SNA and anterior cranial base length (S-N). The negative correlations between SNB and anterior cranial base length (S-N) decreased from the eighteenth to nineteenth centuries. The twenty-first century skulls were characterized by a significant difference in the mean value of different craniofacial variables between males and females. The results of this study suggest changes in the 3D cephalometric measurements of craniofacial architecture. These changes are highly integrated, and show an interesting correlation between structures of the craniofacial facial complex and the anterior cranial base.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 06/2014; 7(2):33-45. DOI:10.1007/s12548-014-0105-3
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    ABSTRACT: Pleomorphic adenoma is a benign tumor commonly involving the salivary glands and mainly the parotid gland. It affects the minor salivary glands with the palate being the most common site of occurrence. The involvement of the upper lip is considered rare with very few reports in the literature. Clinically it is a painless, non-erythematous, firm and slowly growing tumor. Microscopically it has a biphasic microscopic appearance with mixed epithelial and stromal components. Although it is benign the rate of malignant transformation is reported as being up to 4 % in long standing cases. The incidence of this tumor has been reported in various gender, ethnic and geographic groups. With the recent reports of the increase in the variations of location and the biological nature of the tumor the need for extensive research is more demanding. This case report presents a systematic approach to long standing pleomorphic adenoma affecting the upper lip.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 06/2014; 7(2):53-56. DOI:10.1007/s12548-013-0102-y
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    ABSTRACT: Background There is increasing interest in genetic effects on sleep bruxism, as well as on psychological stress. Peripheral type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) gene polymorphisms are associated with stress sensitivity but it is not yet clear whether polymorphisms in this gene have any influence on psychological stress before and after sleep bruxism. The present study was performed to examine the relationship between sleep bruxism and PBR gene polymorphisms. Materials and methods The study population consisted of 30 male and 28 female healthy volunteers with a mean age of 24.0 years. The PBR gene was amplified using phi29 DNA polymerase after collection of DNA from oral mucosa cells. Polymorphisms were identified by direct sequencing after PBR gene amplification by PCR. Masseter muscle activity was also measured during sleep using portable electromyography to evaluate sleep bruxism. Furthermore, stimulated whole saliva samples were collected for quantification of the salivary chromogranin A (CgA) level as an index of psychological stress. Results The results show that 32 subjects (68.1 %) had the G/G genotype, 13 (27.6 %) had G/A and 2 had A/A. The number of bruxism events was significantly higher in the G/A group than in the G/G group (P P Conclusions Genetic factors, such as PBR gene polymorphisms, may influence psychological stress management through bruxism during sleep. When treating sleep bruxism it is important to take genetic factors into consideration for a personalized medicine approach.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 03/2014; 7(1):13-17. DOI:10.1007/s12548-013-0101-z
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    ABSTRACT: Correction of post traumatic craniofacial deformities constitutes a challenging but worthwhile endeavor. Traumatic telecanthus, enopthalmos and occlusal deformity are the deformities most refractory to secondary correction. Aesthetic results are adversely affected by the severity and number of pre-existing abnormalities and by the presence of established deformities (beyond 6–12 months). The basic principles of treatment include an osseous reconstruction surgery as early as possible to restore the anatomically correct craniofacial architecture followed by selective ancillary procedures to address soft tissue deficits and functional deformities. The purpose of this study was to analyze the aesthetic and functional outcomes of secondary correction of post traumatic craniofacial deformities (PTCD) and to highlight the underlying principles and formulate treatment guidelines.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 03/2014; 7(1):1-5. DOI:10.1007/s12548-013-0100-0
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    ABSTRACT: Background The mechanism of action of occlusal splints used for the successful treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) remains unclear and controversial. Aim The aim of this study was to observe the mandibular response during sleep bruxism (SB) on the elimination of occlusal influences by using a flat anterior and lateral guidance splint (FGS). Material and method Any changes in mandibular movement patterns and condylar position with the introduction of this tool were measured. Current SB activity on the natural dentition was evaluated using a Brux Checker® (BC) and compared with the activity after insertion of an FGS in 153 subjects. Result The spatial mandibular position changed individually with a tendency toward forward and downward movement. The insertion of an FGS led to a change in the topographical condyle-fossa relationship and seemed to create an “unloading” condition for the temporomandibular joint. It was found that increased angulation of the maxillar incisors was responsible for altered muscular activity during sleep. Conclusion The masticatory organ appears to self-regulate and to provide an oral behavior modification, which may be more physiological using the FGS as a compensating factor. In this context, it is assumed that sleep bruxism in terms of parafunctional activity is a physiological function of the masticatory organ. The results of this study indicate the importance of controlling anterior guidance in the functional reconstruction of human occlusion.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 12/2013; 6(4). DOI:10.1007/s12548-013-0093-8
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    ABSTRACT: Research on oral surgery and dental implants has a long tradition at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria and is profoundly associated with the head of the Dental Clinic’s Department of Oral Surgery for over three decades, Professor Georg Watzek. He has (co)authored more than 200 scientific papers and edited 9 books in the field. The aim of this series of review articles is to provide an overview of research topics and results published in PubMed listed international scientific journals. The first part presents a summary of publications by Georg Watzek and coworkers in the time period of 1976–1991. Thematic issues involve oral malignancies, neurofibromatosis, macroglossia, amyloidosis, craniosynostosis, maxillary sinusitis, oral anatomy, endoscopic and temporomandibular joint surgery, fibrin adhesives, heavy metal deposits, dental cysts, root resections, interradicular periodontal defects, marginal bone resorption and mucosal condition around dental implants as well as interdisciplinary treatment planning.
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 11/2013; DOI:10.1007/s12548-013-0084-9
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    ABSTRACT: “It was a very good year” is a song that has always touched hearts. It is a life’s reminiscence with the ground tenor that the passed years were “very good”. It is now a great honor to summarize one period of these years in which I had the privilege to work with Georg Watzek. He gave me all the freedom and support I desired to accomplish my research endeavors. Let me now provide you with a short summary of the projects that were published in the years 2003–2007, some of which already becoming “vintage wine from fine old kegs”.Most cited papersThe summary begins with the 10 most frequently cited papers of the years 2003–2007 (Fig. 1): Rudolf Fürhauser et al. [1] published the “pink esthetic score”, which became a landmark paper paving the way for communication on soft tissue esthetics in implant dentistry (86 citations). Werner Zechner et al. [2] studied osseointegration of three implant surfaces (machined, HA-coated and anodized) in a minipig mandibular model (81 citations) and in the ...
    international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 11/2013; 6(S1):14-17. DOI:10.1007/s12548-013-0082-y