Irish Journal of Medical Science

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.57

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.573
2012 Impact Factor 0.506
2011 Impact Factor 0.581
2010 Impact Factor 0.661
2009 Impact Factor 0.696
2008 Impact Factor 0.352
2007 Impact Factor 0.29
2006 Impact Factor 0.4
2005 Impact Factor 0.276
2004 Impact Factor 0.185
2003 Impact Factor 0.224
2002 Impact Factor 0.246
2001 Impact Factor 0.336
2000 Impact Factor 0.353
1999 Impact Factor 0.269
1998 Impact Factor 0.307
1997 Impact Factor 0.304
1996 Impact Factor 0.403
1995 Impact Factor 0.178
1994 Impact Factor 0.206
1993 Impact Factor 0.167
1992 Impact Factor 0.078

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.62
Cited half-life 6.20
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.18
ISSN 1863-4362
OCLC 180074721
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • B Savran, Ü Adigüzel, K B Yüksel, A Seven, O Fazli, S Kabil Kucur, I Öztürk Gözükara
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of operated newborns that had an antenatal diagnosis of congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO) with those who had a late diagnosis in the postpartum period. The newborns that were operated with the diagnosis of CDO in our department were retrospectively recorded. The patients were grouped according to the time of diagnosis; the ones who had an antenatal diagnosis were assigned to group 1, while the ones that had a diagnosis in the postpartum period were assigned to group 2. The groups were compared in terms of their pregnancy weeks at the time of birth, birth weight, additional congenital anomalies, the type of obstruction, the procedures that are applied, the day of operation, the time for oral feeding tolerance, the duration of hospital stay, and pre- and post-operative complications. Fifteen patients with a diagnosis of CDO were operated on in our department between 2009 and 2014. Eight patients were male and seven patients were female. There were nine patients in group 1 and six patients in group 2. The diagnosis was confirmed in group 1 on the first day of the postpartum period. In the subanalysis, five patients had type 1 CDO and four had type 3 CDO in group 1, while five patients had type 1 CDO and one had type 3 CDO in group 2. There was not any complication in group 1 in the pre-operative period, but two patients had aspiration pneumonia and one had dehydration in group 2 pre-operatively. The mean operation day in the postpartum period was 2.34 (±0.5) days in group 1 and 7.17 (±2.04) in group 2. The time for the patient to tolerate oral feeding in the post-operative period was 11.33 (±1.80) in group 1 and 14.83 (±2.48) in group 2. The duration of hospital stay in group 1 was 20.67 (±9.81) days and 24.66 (±4.50) days in group 2. In the post-operative period, chylous ascites occured in a patient in group 1 and the post-operative period was complicated with ileus in one patient in group 2. No mortalities happened in both groups. The prenatal diagnosis of CDO affects the pre-operative complication rate, the time for the operation in the postpartum period, the duration to start post-operative oral feeding, and the duration of hospital stay, but does not affect the mortality or the morbidity.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1345-y
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular disease risk of patients with uterine leiomyoma using carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), insulin resistance and lipid profile. A total of 84 reproductive-aged women (20-45 years) were divided into two groups as the study group (n = 42) of women with leiomyoma and the control group (n = 42) of healthy women without leiomyoma. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as age, body mass index (BMI), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglycerides (Tg), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol and lipoprotein a levels, systemic disorders, cigarette smoking and CIMT were all recorded and compared between groups. The mean age, gravida, parity, BMI, total cholesterol level and CIMT were significantly different between the groups (p < 0.05). CIMT after adjusted for the age and age, BMI was significantly lower in study groups (<0.001). Insulin resistance, serum LDL, Tg, HDL, lipoprotein a, and endometrial thickness were comparable between groups (p > 0.05). The number of leiomyoma was significantly correlated with Tg (r = 0. 322, p = 0.037) and LDL (r = 0. 431, p = 0.006). The size of leiomyoma was significantly correlated with HOMA-IR values (r = -0.370, p = 0.016). Uterine leiomyoma was associated with lipid profile, insulin resistance and CIMT in reproductive-aged women.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1343-0
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    ABSTRACT: Although the role of vitamin D in the prevention of rickets has long been well established, controversies still exist on the ideal dose of vitamin D supplementation in infants. We assessed serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) status simultaneously in maternal and cord samples and the response to vitamin D3 supplementation in neonates. Serum 25OHD levels were evaluated from maternal, and umbilical cord samples from term normal pregnancies. Repeat 25OHD levels were assessed in neonates with 25OHD below 30 nmol/L following vitamin D3 200 IU daily after 6 weeks. Blood samples were taken including 57 cord samples and 16 follow-up neonatal samples. Maternal and cord serum 25OHD were 43 ± 21 and 29 ± 15 nmol/L, respectively. Infants with 25OHD < 30 nmol/L (19.8 ± 4.7 nmol/L) had a significant increase in serum 25OHD (63.3 ± 14.5 nmol/L) following vitamin D3 200 IU daily after 6 weeks. Healthy Irish infants born at term are at high risk of vitamin D deficiency, but vitamin D3 200 IU daily, rapidly corrects poor vitamin D status.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1341-2
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case report and technique for using an ultrasound scanner and a linear transducer to guide serratus posterior superior (SPS) muscle injection. A 43-year-old female presented with chronic pain centered under the right upper portion of her scapula impacting her activities of daily living. For the ultrasound-guided SPS muscle injection, the patient was placed in the prone position. The transducer was oriented in a transverse orientation at the level of the C6-T1 vertebrae. Here the SPS muscle attaches to the lower portion of the ligament nuchae and the intervening interspinous ligaments. The muscle fibers run inferiorly and laterally to attach to the 2nd-5th ribs which were identified along with the lateral portion of the serratus posterior superior muscle which is covered by the scapula. Real-time imaging was used to direct a spinal needle into the trigger points of the SPS muscle, where solution was injected under direct vision. The patient's pain symptoms improved significantly. Serratus posterior superior injection can confirm a diagnosis of scapulocostal syndrome and be therapeutically beneficial.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1336-z
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    ABSTRACT: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the thyroid is generally a well-tolerated procedure associated with weak levels of pain. However, pain may be very intense in some patients. The cause for the pain in these patients has not been identified. The hypothesis of this study is that there is a likely relationship between pain level and nodule depth during FNAB. Included in the study were 98 patients with euthyroid nodular goiter who underwent FNAB. When ultrasound guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed findings such as the distance of the nodule to the skin, the size of the nodule, visual analogue scale (VAS) score values were recorded. The distance of nodule to skin and nodule size was measured, respectively, as 10.7 ± 2.8 mm and 21.7 ± 8.6 mm. Mean VAS score was 36 ± 16. FNAB-related pain was correlated with the nodule depth (r = 0.43, p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, we also found that high VAS score class was effected by only nodule depth (B = -1.619; OR 1.287; CI 1.057-1.565, p < 0.05). Our results show that pain increased significantly during FNAB in patients who had more deeply situated nodules. Local anesthetic methods may be recommended for these patients.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1337-y
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    ABSTRACT: Ireland continues to rank among countries with the lowest breastfeeding initiation rates. National and regional studies also show that few women in Ireland who initiate exclusive breastfeeding continue to breastfeed for the recommended 6 months. To assess the rate of exclusive and partial breastfeeding in Ireland at three time periods: birth to 48 h, 3-4 months following birth, and when the infant was 6-7 months old. A longitudinal national cohort survey of 2527 mothers. Findings show that just 56 % (n = 1002) of mothers initiated breastfeeding at birth and, at 48 h, 42 % (n = 1064) of women were exclusively breastfeeding their babies. At 6-7 months, only 2.4 % of the 2527 mothers who took part, reported exclusive breastfeeding. Irish women were less likely to initiate breastfeeding (52.6 %) compared with Polish (82.2 %), British (64.5 %), and other nationalities (74.6 %). Multivariate analysis also revealed significant relationships between initiation and socio-economic variables, with mothers' health insurance status being of particular importance. The results highlight the necessity to support the initiation and maintenance of breastfeeding in Ireland, in order to reduce rates of infant morbidity.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1333-2
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    ABSTRACT: For urgent, unexpected clinical events, nursing home (NH) residents are transferred to the acute hospital emergency department (ED). A previous study showed that a third of transfers occurred during working hours. Our aims were to profile a one-year NH transfers to the ED and to examine the re-presentation, patient-oriented outcome and the impact of season, weekends and bank holidays on NH transfers. All NH transfers from a catchment to an ED over one year were identified using electronic patient record. Age, gender, reason for presentation, patient-oriented outcome and date and time of presentation were recorded. Representation and the interval between transfers were calculated. Number of transfers was calculated for season, weekdays/weekends and bank holidays. Student t test, Chi-square statistics and one-way ANOVA were used. Significance was set at 0.05. There were 802 transfers from 465 NH residents over a year; 501 (62.5 %) resulted in admissions, 189 (40.6 %) residents represent to the service and 80 episodes occurred within a fortnight of the last attendance. The highest transfers occurred in May (2.81 patients/day), during working hours and on Wednesdays and Thursdays (>2.5 transfers/day). 'Unwell adult' and 'falls' were the two commonest reasons for presentation. Our study showed that NH transfers occurred mainly within working hours and during weekdays. Insights into the transfer pattern and the reasons for NH patients to utilise ED will facilitate improved design and operation of the department by creating care pathways for these patients.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1332-3
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the shared care and outcomes of patients with periocular skin tumours who underwent Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) performed by dermatologists, followed by oculoplastic reconstruction undertaken by ophthalmologists at two teaching and one private hospital in Ireland. This was a retrospective chart review at the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, St James Hospital and the Hermitage Clinic. One hundred and twenty seven patients had periocular Mohs surgery between November 2006 and January 2013 mainly indicated for basal cell carcinoma. The mean follow-up time was 2 years and to date there have been no local recurrences. MMS is available in Ireland and should be considered for patients with facial tumours in the ocular region.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1296-3
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    ABSTRACT: Critically ill patients are frequently at risk of sepsis or inflammatory conditions. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a biomarker for critically ill patients to differentiate sepsis from non-infectious triggers of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. It has been recently shown that PCT is a valuable tool to guide antibiotic treatment in patients with bacteria infections. However, PCT is also less than a universal and perfect biomarker, and its physiologic role remains unknown. An increase in PCT is associated not only with localized bacterial infection, but also with non-infectious disease or other microbial infections. Numerous studies have suggested that use of PCT would reduce patients' exposure to antibiotics; however, the use of PCT-guided management of antibiotics strategy needs further study to validate their safety in daily practice in ICU settings. Data supporting this concept from randomized trials are still required. Future studies should focus on PCT kinetics. On the other hand, the need for biologic role of PCT shall be highlighted. Immunoneutralization of PCT will likely be a therapeutic approach for human sepsis only if its physiologic effects are elaborated. The aim of this review is to summarize and discuss the current evidence for PCT in a series of clinical settings.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1327-0
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    ABSTRACT: Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major cause of acute kidney injury. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been known as a novel gaseous signaling molecule. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the efficacy of H2S in protecting against renal IRI is through its antioxidative effect. In this study, rats were randomized into Sham, IR, or sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, an H2S donor) groups. To establish a model of renal IRI, both renal arteries were occluded for 55 min and then declamped to allow reperfusion for 24 h. Rats in the NaHS group received intraperitoneal injections of 75 μmol/kg NaHS 10 min before the onset of ischemia and immediately after the onset of reperfusion. Sham group underwent laparotomy without cross-clamping of renal pedicles. After reperfusion, plasma and renal tissue samples were collected for functional, histological, and oxidative stress evaluation. The IR group exhibited significant rise in plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), renal malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, and significant reduction of renal superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Treatment with NaHS reduced the levels of plasma creatinine, BUN, renal MDA concentration, and increased SOD activity in the kidneys. NaHS improved renal histological changes in comparison to IR group. Our data demonstrated that H2S can protect against renal IRI and that its therapeutic effects may be mediated by reducing oxidative stress.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1328-z
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    ABSTRACT: Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the developed world and its use is associated with several adverse physical and mental health effects and negative social outcomes. Earlier use of cannabis increases the risk of adverse effects. Attitudes and perceived risk towards drugs are regarded as strong influences in determining whether or not a person uses cannabis, but there is little existing research on Irish teenagers' attitudes to the risks of this drug. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study using a structured, anonymous questionnaire. The study was undertaken in nine public and private secondary schools in Cork City and suburbs. Students aged 15-18 and in fourth, fifth or sixth year of school were included. Of the 507 participating students, 39.3 % (n = 199) reported previous cannabis use. There were significantly lower levels of perceived risk of cannabis among those who had used the drug compared with those who had not, for all categories of risk (p < 0.01). Attitudes towards cannabis were more liberal among males and those with previous use of the drug. A minority of students (n = 92; 18.2 %) support legalisation of cannabis. The majority of teenagers (n = 382; 75.8 %) believe that they are not given enough information about the drug. Cannabis use is very widespread among teenagers in Cork. There are relatively low levels of perceived risk of mental and physical health problems with use of the drug. Attitudes towards cannabis are associated with personal use of the drug and gender.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1325-2
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    ABSTRACT: Melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy (MNTI) is a rare pigmented neoplasm of neural crest origin. It usually presents in the first year of life in the maxilla as a fast growing lesion. We describe the case of a 3-month-old boy who presented with an enlarging swelling of left maxillary alveolus. He was treated with combined surgical and chemotherapy modalities. MNTI is complicated by high recurrence rate, local invasion and malignancy has been reported. This report describes the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of recurrent MNTI.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1323-4
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the preventive and therapeutic effects of diosgenin on retinoic acid-induced osteoporosis in rats. A total 50 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group, model group (osteoporosis rats), low (10 mg kg(-1)), middle (30 mg kg(-1)), and high-dose diosgenin (90 mg kg(-1))-treated groups. The osteoporosis rats model was induced by retinoic acid. The BMD and physical parameters of femoral including length, wet weight, and dry weight in each group were measured. The hematoxylin-eosin staining was used for bone histomorphology analysis. Besides, the bone calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) contents were measured. In order to detect the biochemical index in different treatment groups, the serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), estradiol, and osteocalcin were compared among different groups. The osteoporosis rat model was successfully induced by retinoic acid. Compared with the model group, the lessening of femoral length and weight and the loss of BMD were significantly improved in diosgenin groups. Both contents of Ca and P were much more increased when induced by retinoic acid (p < 0.05). The estradiol and osteocalcin levels in the middle and high-dose treatment groups were significantly higher than that of the model group, while the ALP and TRAP levels were much lower than the model group (p < 0.05). Diosgenin can prevent the loss of bone in experimental rats. The mechanism may be that it improves the level of estrogenic hormone of estradiol and inhibits the high bone turnover.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1309-2
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    ABSTRACT: Renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) is an emerging device based treatment for patients with resistant hypertension. Nocturnal dipping (ND) is defined as a decrease in BP of 10-20 % during sleep, and has been shown to be protective against cardiovascular disease. This study examined the effect of RSD on the 24 h BP profile of patients with resistant hypertension. The first 23 consecutive patients with resistant hypertension scheduled for renal denervation in a single centre were included. 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitors (ABPM) were given to patients pre-procedure and 9 months post-procedure. RSD led to a statistically non-significant reduction in overall 24 h ABPM BP (150/85 ± 12/9 vs. 143/84 ± 15/11 mmHg; P > 0.05) despite a reduction in the number of antihypertensive medications (4.9 ± 1.2 vs. 4.3 ± 1.2; P = 0.001). There were improvements in systolic ND 1.7 ± 8 vs. 5.2 ± 8 %; P < 0.05), diastolic ND (5.2 ± 8 vs. 10.2 ± 9 %; P < 0.05) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) ND (4.2 ± 8 vs. 8.0 ± 8 %; P < 0.05). Non-significant changes in ND status were observed in systolic (17 vs. 43 % of participants; P > 0.05), diastolic (30 vs. 43 % of participants; P > 0.05) and MAP (22 vs. 39 % of participants; P > 0.05) measurements. These data suggest that RSD may lead to an improvement in nocturnal dipping in selected patients with resistant hypertension. This may have cardiovascular benefits even if reduction in BP is not achieved with RSD.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1324-3
  • Irish Journal of Medical Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1322-5
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    ABSTRACT: Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is an autosomal recessive cystic disease of the kidney with main characteristic features of polyuria/polydipsia, mild or absent proteinuria, interstitial fibrosis, and tubular cysts. NPHP is responsible for 5-10 % of inheritable end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cases. We investigated the clinical features and genetic cause of NPHP in a Persian family with three siblings affected by tubulointerstitial nephropathy reaching ESRD in adulthood. Uromodulin (UMOD), known to be involved in adult medullary cystic kidney disease, and nephronophthisis 1 (NPHP1) were investigated in the genomic DNA of the probands using DNA sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis and molecular karyotyping. No mutation was detected in UMOD. Copy number variation analysis of the NPHP1 gene using the commercially available MLPA kit identified a recurrent large homozygous deletion encompassing all NPHP1 exons. The parents were heterozygous for this deletion. Whole genome array-CGH analysis confirmed a homozygous deletion on chromosome 2q13, NPHP1 site, and revealed that the size of the copy number loss was approximately 102 Kbp. This is the first report of determination of an NPHP1 deletion size using routine diagnostic methods. The results of this study expand the knowledge about the genotype-phenotype correlations in NPHP1, and have implications for genetic counseling and family planning advice for other affected families. This is the first molecular analysis of NPHP1 in an Iranian kindred.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1312-7
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    ABSTRACT: St Vincent's University Hospital has an established neurology consultation service. Referral volumes have been growing. The Department regularly reviews its service to monitor changes and seek improvements. We sought to determine the impact of the growing service on patient care, on the department itself in delivering the service, and on inpatient admission trends. We reviewed the electronic referral forms of all consults seen over a 9-week period in 2014 (n = 213). We recorded the source of each consult, demographic information, clinical presentation, time from referral to consult, and outcome. We compared the consult list to inpatient admissions list to determine the proportion admitted from consults. We compared our results to previous reviews by this and other neurology departments in Ireland. Three quarters of neurology consults relate to acute admissions. Patients are all seen within one working day of referral. A significant change in management (83.6 %) resulted from the majority of consults. Consultants see an average of 4.8 (range 0-10) consults per day, needing up to 7.5 h per day to deliver the service. One-third of the department's inpatients come from consults. The service significantly benefits patient care. The increasing number of consults will require increased resources and/or service reorganisation to maintain the current level of service.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1317-2
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-positive substance dependent patients contribute disproportionally to HIV morbidity and mortality as a result of poor compliance with their HIV treatment. For HIV-positive opiate-dependent patients integrating HIV and addiction care improves HIV morbidity but the effect on addiction morbidity is not known. This study aims to establish if integrating HIV and addiction care has a significant effect on addiction and HIV morbidity for non-engaging HIV-positive opiate-dependent patients. Patients attending the National Drug Treatment Centre who had disengaged from their HIV treatment in St James's Hospital were recruited to receive HIV care integrated into their methadone maintenance programme. Outcome was investigated in terms of urine toxicology (opiates, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines); adherence to methadone; proportion receiving directly observed antiretroviral therapy; proportion HIV virally suppressed; and the CD4 cell count. No significant change in substance use or methadone adherence was demonstrated in the 19 recruited participants. There was a significant increase in the proportion receiving directly observed antiretroviral therapy, and in the CD4 cell count. Integration of HIV and addiction care optimises the physical health of non-engaging HIV-positive opiate-dependent patients with no substantial effect on their methadone maintenance programme.
    Irish Journal of Medical Science 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11845-015-1319-0