Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.]

Publisher: Odontologijos studija; et al

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  • Other titles
    Baltic dental and maxillofacial journal, Stomatologija, Baltic dental and maxillofacial journal
  • ISSN
    1822-301X
  • OCLC
    62170994
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Children with dental anxiety may refuse treatment, which can lead to dental emergencies. Behavior management is an essential skill and should be acquired by all members of a dental team treating children. Dental surgery staff should be relaxed, welcoming and friendly. Make the child the centre of attention and smile. Use age-appropriate language and avoid the use of jargon. Decide who will talk to the child and when, as he/she may only be able to listen to one person at a time. Avoid non-dental conversations with colleagues during procedures.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2014; 16(1):3-6.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The aim was to overview the etiology, prevalence and possible outcomes of dental trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS. An electronic search of Medline (PubMed), Cochrane, SSCI (Social Citation Index), SCI (Science Citation Index) databases from 1995 to the present, using the following search words: tooth injuries, tooth trauma, traumatized teeth, dental trauma, dentoalveolar trauma, oral trauma, epidemiology, etiology, prevalence, prevention, pulp necrosis, inflammatory resorption, ankylosis, cervical resorption, was performed. RESULTS. During last decade traumatic dental injuries were recognized as public dental health problem worldwide. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries varies between countries. According to the existing data they are more prevalent in permanent than in primary dentition. All treatment procedures in case of dental trauma are directed to minimize undesired consequences despite that treatment of traumatic dental injuries in the young patient is often complicated and can continue during the rest of his/her life. The changing lifestyle and requirements of modern society lead to an emergence of new patterns of dental trauma. A regular update of knowledge in dental traumatology is required.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2014; 16(1):7-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Flare-ups can occur after root canal treatment and consist of acute exacerbations of an asymptomatic pulpal and/or periradicular pathologic condition. The causative factors of interappointment pain encompass mechanical, chemical, and/or microbial injury to the pulp or periradicular tissues. Microorganisms can participate in causation of interappointment pain in the following situations: apical extrusion of debris; incomplete instrumentation leading to changes in the endodontic microbiota or in environmental conditions; and secondary intraradicular infections. Interappointment pain is almost exclusively due to the development of acute inflammation at the periradicular tissues in response to an increase in the intensity of injury coming from the root canal system. The mechanical irritation of apical periodontal tissue is caused by overinstrumentation of the root canal and filling material extrusion through the apical foramen. Incorrectly measured working length of the root canal has inherent connection with these causative factors of endodontic flare - up. This review article discusses these many facets of the flare-up: definition, incidence causes and predisposing factors.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2014; 16(1):25-30.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the changes in lower dental arch after bilateral lower third molars removal. MATERIAL AND METHODS. The study group consisted of 30 non-orthodontic patients (mean age 25,5 years, refered for bilateral lower third molars removal. Orthopantomograms and dental casts were made before and 6-8 months after surgical removal of lower third molars. Transversal lower arch widths between lower canines and second premolars and lower arch total tooth size-arch lenght discrepancy were evaluated on dental casts. The angulation of lower second premolars, first and second molars was measured in horizontal and mandibular planes on orthopantomograms. RESULTS. No significant difference of inter-canine and inter-premolar transversal width was noticed. No significant changes were observed in total tooth-size lenght discrepancy, except in S1 segment consisted of first and second premolar and the canine on the right quadrant of the lower dental arch. The angulation of second premolars and first molars did not show any significant changes, however there were statistically significant changes between angulation of lower second molars on both sides. CONCLUSIONS. After bilateral removal of lower third molars, lower second molars awhile showed a tendency to move backwards, but no obvious relationship between the third molar and anterior crowding was observed. Whereas the observation time is short and the patient's age is young and it can not be concluded that lower third molars cause the changes in the dental arch.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2014; 16(1):31-6.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. Individuals with dental crowding are the most frequent patients in the orthodontic practice.The purpose of this article is to find out if the lower third molars are the main reason of crowding in the lower dental arch. As well to find out other factors which can influence the lower incisors crowding. METHODS.The aim was to identify studies and reviews related to the effect of the lower third molars on the lower dental arch crowding. A literature survey was performed using Medline database. Used key words were lower third molar, influence of wisdom teeth, wisdom teeth and anterior crowding, lower dental arch changes. The articles from 1971 to 2011 related to topic were identified. Selected articles were published in dental journals in English. Full texts of the selected articles were analyzed. Articles about the dental crowding after orthodontic treatment were not included. All studies accomplished with human participants. RESULTS. It was found 223 articles but only 21 articles corresponded to selected criteria and were analyzed. This review is based on the investigations of 12 laboratory researchers, 4 clinical researches, 2 questionnaires and 3 literature reviews. CONCLUSION. The results are quite contradictory: some authors support the opinion that lower third molars cause teeth crowding, the others confirm conversy. Exist other factors affecting the mandibular incisors crowding: dental (teeth crown size, dental arch length loss, poor periodontal status and primary teeth loss), skeletal (growth of the jaws and malocclusion) and general (age and gender).
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2014; 16(1):15-8.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. Interproximal enamel reduction is a part of orthodontic treatment for gaining a modest amount of space in the treatment of crowding. Today interproximal enamel reduction has become a viable alternative to the extraction of permanent teeth, and helps to adjust the Bolton Index discrepancy. The aim of the study is to evaluate various interproximal enamel reduction techniques, its indications, contraindications and complications presented in recent scientific studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Papers published in English language between 2003 and 2012 were searched in PubMed, ScienceDirect and The Cochrane Library databases, as well as the Web search Google Scholar. Initial searches were made to find peer-reviewed systematic reviews, meta-analyses, literature reviews, clinical trials, which analysed at least one interproximal enamel reduction method. 31 published data fulfilled the inclusion criteria. RESULTS. According to the study, abrasive metal strips, diamond-coated stripping disks, and air-rotor stripping are the main interproximal enamel reduction techniques. Indications for use are mild or moderate crowding in dental arches, Bolton Index discrepancy, changes in tooth shape and dental esthetics within the enamel, enhancement of retention and stability after orthodontic treatment, normalization of gingival contour, elimination of black gingival triangles, and correction of the Curve of Spee. Complications of interproximal enamel reduction are hypersensitivity, irreversible damage of dental pulp, increased formation of plaque, the risk of caries in the stripped enamel areas and periodontal diseases. CONCLUSION. Interproximal enamel reduction is an important part of orthodontic treatment for gaining space in the dental arch, and for the correction of the Bolton index discrepancy.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2014; 16(1):19-24.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES. To assess the presence of anatomic variations and pathology of the maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the maxilla where pre- implant surgery is planned. MATERIAL AND METHODS. This retrospective study evaluates a sample CBCT scans of 34 dental patients (68 sinuses). CBCT is used to assess maxillary sinus mucosa and outflow and prevalence of septa. The mucosal thickening was measured and the sinus outflow was classified as open or obstructed. RESULTS. Mucosal thickening was found in 48.5%, septa in 20.6% and total opacity in 2.9% of the sinuses. Maxillary sinus outflow was blocked in 26.5% of the scans. Strong association between radiological signs of maxillary sinus ostium blockage and thickened mucosa was observed. CONCLUSIONS. Anatomic variations and lesions of the maxillary sinus were common findings in CBCT examinations of the maxilla required for dental preprosthetic planning. Routine CBCT scans, including maxillary sinus ostium are recommended for risk assessment prior to surgery.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(4):119-22.
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of breastfeeding to the child's psychological and physical development is evidence-based. However, scientific literature contains controversial opinions on its influence to the development of maxillofacial system. This article aims at reviewing the effects of breastfeeding and bottle-feeding to the development of malocclusion and non-nutritive sucking habits. Thirty-four articles analyzing the above mentioned associations were selected from Pubmed database. Breastfeeding and bottle-feeding may have different impact on the development of maxillofacial system due to unequal functional load of certain facial muscles involved in the feeding processes. Shortage of scientific research prevents from relating bottle-feeding with the development of skeletal malocclusions. Prolonged breastfeeding may have protective effect on developing posterior crossbite and anterior openbite. However, conflicting opinions have been observed. It has been stated that longer duration of breastfeeding diminishes the risk of acquiring non - nutritive sucking habits.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(3):67-72.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim of our study was complex detection of appearance and distribution of specific signalling proteins and apoptosis in facial tissue of children with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (CBCLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Nineteen CBCLP patients and 11 unaffected subjects were involved in this study. All the tissue samples were proceeded for detection of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), and apoptosis. The intensity of immunostaining was graded semi-quantitatively. Results of the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method were obtained by counting apoptosis positive cells in five unintentionally chosen fields of vision. Groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS. TUNEL-positive oral epithelial cells were significantly increased in the control group when compared with the CBCLP group. Connective tissue cells have a statistically significant lower expression of TIMP-2 in the control group compared to the CBCLP group. CONCLUSIONS. TIMP-2 positive connective tissue cells increasingly found in oral mucosa lamina propria proves the decrease of local apoptosis in CLP patients. Prominent expression of MMP-2 in cleft affected soft tissue indicates a possible increase of tissue remodelling.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(4):129-34.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. To determine an optimal treatment strategy for carious deciduous teeth. SETTING. Manchester Dental Hospital. DESIGN. Decision analysis. METHOD. The likelihoods of each of the sequelae of caries in deciduous teeth were determined from the literature. The utility of the outcomes from non-treatment and treatment was then measured in 100 parents of children with caries, using a visual analogue scale. Decision analysis was performed which weighted the value of each potential outcome by the probability of its occurrence. A decision tree "fold-back" and sensitivity analysis then determined which treatment strategies, under which circumstances, offered the maximum expected utilities. RESULTS. The decision to leave a carious deciduous tooth unrestored attracted a maximum utility of 76.65 and the overall expected utility for the decision "restore" was 73.27 The decision to restore or not restore carious deciduous teeth are therefore of almost equal value. The decision is however highly sensitive to the utility value assigned to the advent of pain by the patient. CONCLUSIONS. There is no clear advantage to be gained by restoring deciduous teeth if patients' evaluations of outcomes are taken into account. Avoidance of pain and avoidance of procedures which are viewed as unpleasant by parents should be key determinants of clinical decision making about carious deciduous teeth.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(3):84-91.
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    ABSTRACT: A 76-year-old female presented at University hospital of Crete with a large painless mass (d<10 cm) of the left maxilla. The cytologic diagnosis in FNAB smears was of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the maxilla that was confirmed histologically. The fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in conjunction with immunocytochemistry can distinguish between benign and malignant lymphoid infiltrates and support a diagnosis of extra-nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(2):58-60.
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    ABSTRACT: The state of oral health plays an essential role in human comprehensive health. Nevertheless, although considerable improvement in oral health caries has been noted in both developed and newly developing countries, caries is still widespread among children. Although it can be monitored, caries cannot be properly eliminated. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This investigation, performed in cooperation with Jena Hospital in Germany, was conducted in five countries from 2002-2008. The cities Riga (Latvia), Ouro Preto (Brazil), Erfurt (Germany), Volgograd (Russia) and Minsk (Belorus) were engaged in this investigation. Children at the age of 26-34 months were surveyed. Consistent with the research design, the mothers filled out questionnaires about the children's health, and an examination of the children's oral health was performed. The statistics program SPSS 15.0 was used to analyze the obtained data, and the correlations between changing findings were expressed by the Spearmen rank correlation coefficient (r). RESULTS. In this study, 472 children were observed: 179 from Riga, 152 from Erfurt, 62 from Ouru Preto, 116 from Minsk and 84 from Volgograd. A direct correlation existed between the country and plaque (r=0.16) and caries (dmft) (r=-0.11). The direct correlation between dmft and Streptococcus mutans (r=-0.36) was characteristic of children from Erfurt. The lowest dmft index (0.62) was present in children from Erfurt, and the highest (1.57) in children from Ouro Preto. CONCLUSIONS. The frequency and prevalence of caries in young children in Riga is high; it was the lowest in Erfurt and the highest - in Brazil. Plaque and dt were one of the indices with a direct relationship in Riga, Brazil and Minsk. Poor oral hygiene, irregular tooth brushing and the consumption of cariogenic foods and drinks are the most important caries risk factors among children at the age of 2-3 years. The mother's knowledge and attitude affect the child's oral health.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(2):39-46.
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    ABSTRACT: Keratoacanthoma is a lesion typical crater, symmetrical, rounded, rapid growth with high potential for self-involution. The lesions may be multiple, disseminated and associated with some syndromes. The etiology of keratoacanthoma is not known, but it is often observed in patients chronically exposed to sun. Histopathological features of keratoacanthoma may resemble those of a well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The hallmark of the disease is spontaneous resolution after an intermediary stationary stage. The majority of the cases is treated by surgical excision. For this reason, very few cases have been documented until resolution, which constitutes the gold standard for this clinic diagnosis. The aim of this article is to report a case of keratoacanthoma in the inferior lip of an immunosuppressed patient.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(2):61-4.
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION. Pain intensity and oral health practices among patients with toothache, a major dental public health problem is necessary information for the formulation of preventive and interventional oral health policies. OBJECTIVE. To assess the pain intensity and oral health practices among dental patients attending a Nigerian secondary healthcare setting with toothache. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This study was a prospective study of adult patients attending the dental clinic of Rasheed Shekoni Specialist Hospital, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Interviewer-administered questionnaire which elicited information include demography, pain intensity using visual analogue, tooth brushing behaviour and previous dental treatment was the tool of data collection. RESULTS. The majority of the respondents were males and young adults. More than half (60.5%) of the respondents reported pain of moderate to severe intensity and 42.6% have engaged in self medication for the toothache. More than one-third (34.2%) had experienced the pain for ≥ four weeks and the major factor that prompted the decision to visit dentist were unbearable nature of the pain and sleep disturbances. Almost half (46.2%) of the respondents had previously visited the dentist and the common received treatment was tooth extraction. A total of 57.9% of the respondents indulge in twice-daily tooth cleaning. CONCLUSION. Data from this study revealed that respondents with toothache had history of dental visit and visited dental clinic when the pain is unbearable and disturbed sleep. There is a need for proper patient education at any encounter with dentist.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(4):135-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Outcomes of mandibular fractures were stated as frequent reason of temporomandibular joint dysfunctions. The objective of this study was to evaluate dynamical changes of occlusion and articulation during treatment of mandibular angle fractures. 12 subjects with mandibular angle fractures underwent analysis of occlusion and articulation in all stages of healing. Findings of investigations were presented in Posselt's and intercondylar axis diagrams, occlusiograms and relative force vs. time graphs. Comparison of results in first day, 1, 3 and 6 months after trauma showed that despite typical process of fragments healing and good fixation but with insufficiently balanced occlusion and posttraumatic discoordination of muscle activity first signs of TMJ articular discs dysfunction were found. Our results confirm the concept that early rehabilitation of mandibular function and occlusion are essential to prevent developing functional disorders of TMJ.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(1):12-9.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. To investigate cleft disordered tissue in children with cleft palate and cleft lip with or without alveolar clefting for detection of local tissue growth factors and growth factor receptors and compare findings. Design. Morphological analysis of human tissue. Patients. Three groups were studied: 14 patients with cleft palate at the age from eight months to 18 years and two months, 12 patients with cleft lip with or without alveolar clefting in the age from four months to 15 years and four months and 11 control patients. RESULTS. In general, cleft palate disordered tissue showed more prominent expression of BMP2/4 (z=3.574; p=0.0004) and TGFβ (z=2.127; p=0.033), while expression of TGFBR3 significantly higher was only in connective tissue (z=3.822; p=0.0001). Cleft lip affected tissue showed significantly pronounced expression of FGFR1 in general as well as separately in epithelium. CONCLUSIONS. The marked and statistically significant expression of BMP 2/4 in cleft palate disordered soft tissue probably is delayed, but still proliferation and differentiation as well as tissue, especially, bone remodeling contributing signal. Cleft palate affected tissue show more prominent expression of TGFβ, still the weak regional expression of TGFβ type III receptors prove the disordered tissue growth and changed TGFβ signalling pathway in postnatal pathogenesis. In general, expression of TGFβ, BMP 2/4 and FGFR1 is significantly different, giving evidence to the involvement of these mentioned factors in the cleft severity morphopathogenesis.
    Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(4):111-8.
  • Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 01/2013; 15(3):ii.