Revista brasileira de anestesiologia

Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia, Elsevier

Journal description

Publication of the Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia aims at disclosing articles to its members and interested physicians, thus fostering progress, enhancement and spread of Anesthesiology, intensive care, pain relief and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Current impact factor: 0.42

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.415

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia website
Other titles Revista brasileira de anestesiologia (Online)
ISSN 1806-907X
OCLC 53995156
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a stress-induced cardiomyopathy. It is characterized by an acute onset of symptoms and electrocardiographic abnormalities mimicking an acute coronary syndrome in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Any anesthetic-surgical event corresponds to a stressful situation, so the anesthetic management of patients with TCM requires special care throughout the perioperative period. We describe the anesthetic management of a patient with a confirmed diagnosis of TCM undergoing segmental colectomy. Female patient, 55 years old, ASA III, with history of takotsubo syndrome diagnosed 2 years ago, scheduled for segmental. The patient, without other changes in preoperative evaluation, underwent general anesthesia associated with lumbar epidural and remained hemodynamically stable during the 2hours of surgery. After a brief stay in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit, she was transferred to the Intermediate Care Unit (IMCU), with epidural analgesia for postoperative period. TCM is a rare disease whose true pathophysiology remains unclear, as well as the most appropriate anesthetic-surgical strategy. In this case, through a preventive approach, with close monitoring and the lowest possible stimulus, all the perioperative period was uneventful. Because it is a rare disease, this report could help to raise awareness about TCM. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bjan.2014.11.003
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    ABSTRACT: Ludwig's angina (LA) is an infection of the submandibular space, first described by Wilhelm Frederick von Ludwig in 1836. It represents an entity difficult to manage due to the rapid progression and difficulty in maintaining airway patency, a major challenge in medical practice, resulting in asphyxia and death in 8-10% of patients. Describe a case of a patient with Ludwig's angina undergoing surgery, with emphasis on airway management, in addition to reviewing the articles published in the literature on this topic. Male patient, 21 years, drug addict, admitted by the emergency department and diagnosed with LA. Difficult airway was identified during the anesthetic examination. In additional tests, significant deviation from the tracheal axis was seen. Undergoing bilateral thoracoscopic pleural drainage, we opted for airway management through tracheal intubation using fiberoptic bronchoscopy, and balanced general anesthesia was proposed. There were no complications during the surgical-anesthetic act. After the procedure, the patient remained intubated and mechanically ventilated in the intensive care unit. Airway management in patients with Ludwig's angina remains challenging. The choice of the safest technique should be based on clinical signs, technical conditions available, and the urgent need to preserve the patient's life. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bjan.2014.10.004
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    ABSTRACT: The use of tranexamic acid in primary total knee replacement surgeries has been the subject of constant study. The strategies to reduce bleeding are aimed at reducing the need for blood transfusion due to the risks involved. In this study we evaluated the use of tranexamic acid in reducing bleeding, need for blood transfusion, and prevalence of postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in primary total knee replacement. 62 patients undergoing primary total knee replacement were enrolled in the study, from June 2012 to May 2013, and randomized to receive a single dose of 2.5g of intravenous tranexamic acid (Group TA) or saline (Group GP), 5minutes before opening the pneumatic tourniquet, respectively. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, and blood loss were recorded 24hours after surgery. DVT was investigated during patient's hospitalization and 15 and 30 days after surgery in review visits. There was no demographic difference between groups. Group TA had 13.89% decreased hematocrit (p=0.925) compared to placebo. Group TA had a decrease of 12.28% (p=0.898) in hemoglobin compared to Group GP. Group TA had a mean decrease of 187.35mL in blood loss (25.32%) compared to group GP (p=0.027). The number of blood transfusions was higher in Group GP (p=0.078). Thromboembolic events were not seen in this study. Tranexamic acid reduced postoperative bleeding without promoting thromboembolic events. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bjan.2014.11.002
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    ABSTRACT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as broken heart syndrome is a stress-induced cardiomyopathy, which can be interpreted as an acute coronary syndrome as it progresses with suggestive electrocardiographic changes. The purpose of this article is to show the importance of proper monitoring during surgery, as well as the presence of an interdisciplinary team to diagnose the syndrome. Male patient, 66 years old, with diagnosis of gastric carcinoma, scheduled for diagnostic laparoscopy and possible gastrectomy. In the intraoperative period during laparoscopy, the patient always remained hemodynamically stable, but after conversion to open surgery he presented with ST segment elevation in DII. ECG during surgery was performed and confirmed ST-segment elevation in the inferior wall. The cardiology team was contacted and indicated the emergency catheterization. As the surgery had not yet begun irreversible steps, we opted for the laparotomy closure, and the patient was immediately taken to the hemodynamic room where catheterization was performed showing no coronary injury. The patient was taken to the hospital room where an echocardiogram was performed and showed slight to moderate systolic dysfunction, with akinesia of the mid-apical segments, suggestive of apical ballooning of the left ventricle. Faced with such echocardiographic finding and in the absence of coronary injury, the patient was diagnosed with intraoperative Takotsubo syndrome. Because the patient was properly monitored, the early detection of ST-segment elevation was possible. The presence of an interdisciplinary team favored the syndrome early diagnosis, so the patient was again submitted to safely intervention, with the necessary security measures taken for an uneventful new surgical intervention. Copyright © 2015. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bjan.2014.11.004
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate how Brazilian anesthesiologists are using neuromuscular blockers (NMB), focusing on how they establish the diagnosis of postoperative residual curarization and the incidence of complications associated with the use of NMB. A questionnaire was sent to anesthesiologists inviting them to participate in the study. The online data collection remained open from March 2012 to June 2013. During the study period, 1296 responses were collected. Rocuronium, atracurium, and cisatracurium were the main neuromuscular blockers used in cases of elective surgery. Succinylcholine and rocuronium were the main NMB used in cases of emergency surgery. Less than 15% of anesthesiologists reported the frequent use of neuromuscular function monitors. Only 18% of those involved in the study reported that all workplaces have such a monitor. Most respondents reported using only the clinical criteria to assess whether the patient is recovered from the muscle relaxant. Most respondents also reported always using some form of neuromuscular blockade reversal. The major complications attributed to NMB were residual curarization and prolonged blockade. Eighteen anesthesiologists reported death attributed to NMB. Residual or prolonged blockade is possibly recorded as a result of the high rate of using clinical criteria to diagnose whether the patient has recovered or not from motor block and, as a corollary, the poor use of neuromuscular transmission monitors in daily practice. Copyright © 2015. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 07/2015; 41. DOI:10.1016/j.bjan.2015.03.001
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    ABSTRACT: The burn patient is a challenge for the anesthesiologist, undergoing several surgeries during admission, and requiring general anesthesia and muscle relaxation most of the times. They have respiratory system impairment and a response to muscle relaxants that differs from the healthy patient, thus proper monitoring and reversal is crucial. We analyzed sugammadex effectiveness and safety in this population. Prospectively descriptive study including four patients, all of them considered major burn patients, who underwent escharotomy with general anesthesia and neuromuscular relaxation. The main variable was the time for recovery of a TOF higher than 0.9 after the administration of sugammadex before extubation. Mean time of recovery from a TOF ratio higher than 0.9 following the administration of Sugammadex was of 4.95minutes 95% CI (3.25-6.64, p=.53); CONCLUSIONS: The reversion of neuromuscular relaxation with sugammadex appears to be effective and safe in the burn patient. More analytical, comparative studies, of larger populations would be necessary to confirm this data. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 06/2015; 37(4). DOI:10.1016/j.bjane.2014.10.001
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    ABSTRACT: Review of various techniques for digital blocks with local anesthetic, with or without epinephrine. Description of various procedures and comparison of results reported in the literature, mainly on latency and quality of anesthesia, details on vasoconstrictor effect of epinephrine, intraoperative bleeding, necessity of tourniquet use, duration of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia, blood flow and digital SpO2 behavior, local and systemic complications, and also approaches and drugs to be used in certain situations of ischemia. The advantages of adding epinephrine to the anesthetic solution are minor when compared to the risks of the procedure, and it seems dangerous to use a vasoconstrictor in the fingers, unless the safety of the technique and the possibility of discarding the tourniquet are definitely proven. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bjan.2013.12.004
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 25-year-old woman, who received epidural analgesia for labour pain and subsequently presented post-dural puncture headache. Conservative treatment was applied and epidural blood patch was performed. In the absence of clinical improvement and due to changes in the postural component of the headache, a brain imaging test was performed showing a bilateral subdural hematoma. The post-dural puncture headache is relatively common, but the lack of response to established medical treatment as well as the change in its characteristics and the presence of neurological deficit, should raise the suspicion of a subdural hematoma, which although is rare, can be lethal if not diagnosed and treated at the right time. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 04/2015; 15(4). DOI:10.1016/j.bjane.2014.07.017
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    ABSTRACT: Anaphylaxis remains one of the potential causes of perioperative death, being generally unanticipated and quickly progressing to a life-threatening situation. A review of perioperative anaphylaxis is performed. The diagnostic tests are important mainly to avoid further major events. The mainstays of treatment are adrenaline and intravenous fluids. The anesthesiologist should be familiar with the proper diagnosis, management and monitoring of perioperative anaphylaxis. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 04/2015; 94(4). DOI:10.1016/j.bjane.2014.09.002
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kinsbourne syndrome is a rare neurological disorder that primarily affects children previously healthy and aged between 6 and 36 months. It is characterized by opsoclonus (rapid, irregular, horizontal and vertical eye movements) and myoclonus that may affect trunk, limbs or face, and cerebellar ataxia. It may be considered a paraneoplastic syndrome by association with neuroblastomas, hepatoblastomas and, rarely, ganglioneuromas. The aim of this paper was to present the most relevant aspects of Kinsbourne syndrome, as well as the technique used for resection of mediastinal tumor in a child with this syndrome. CASE REPORT: Child, 1 year and 5 months, with a diagnosis of posterior mediastinal tumor and Kinsbourne syndrome. Premedicated with oral midazolam. Anesthesia induced with sevofl urane, nitrous oxide, fentanyl, and rocuronium. Maintenance of anesthesia with sevofl urane, nitrous oxide, fentanyl, and rocuronium. Neuromuscular block reversal with neostigmine combined with atropine. Postoperative analgesia with the use of dipyrone, morphine, and ketoprofen. Taken to the intensive care unit extubated, with stable hemodynamic and respiratory parameters. ICU discharge four days after surgery and hospital discharged on the seventh postoperative day without complications. Anatomopathological examination revealed ganglioneuroblastoma. CONCLUSIONS: Kinsbourne syndrome is a rare neurological disorder. The drugs used in our patient proved safe and allowed an uneventful anesthesia. Drugs that trigger or aggravate opsoclonus and myoclonus, such as ketamine and etomidate, should be avoided in these patients.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 06/2013; 63(3):287-289. DOI:10.1016/S0034-7094(13)70232-0
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    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 06/2013; 63(3):307. DOI:10.1016/S0034-7094(13)70236-8
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the incidence of difficult laryngoscopy is similar in obese and non-obese patients, there are more reports of difficult intubation in obese individuals. Alternatives for the diagnosis and prediction of difficult intubation in the preoperative period may help reduce anesthetic complications in obese patients. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for the diagnosis of difficult airway in obese patients, correlating with the clinical methods of pre-anesthetic evaluation and polysomnography. We also compared the incidence of difficult facemask ventilation and difficult laryngoscopy between obese and non-obese patients, identifying the most prevalent predictors. METHODS: Observational, prospective and comparative study, with 88 adult patients undergoing general anesthesia. In the preoperative period, we evaluated a questionnaire on the clinical predictors of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and anatomical parameters. During anesthesia, we evaluated difficult facemask ventilation and laryngoscopy. Descriptive statistics and correlation test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Patients were allocated into two groups: obese group (n=43) and non-obese group (n=45). Physical status, prevalence of snoring, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, neck circumference, and Mallampati index were higher in the obese group. Obese patients had a higher incidence of difficult facemask ventilation and laryngoscopy. There was no correlation between anatomical or clinical variable and difficult facemask ventilation in both groups. In obese patients, the diagnosis of OSAS showed strong correlation with difficult laryngoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical and polysomnographic diagnosis of OSA proved useful in the preoperative diagnosis of difficult laryngoscopy. Obese patients are more prone to difficult facemask ventilation and laryngoscopy.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 06/2013; 63(3):262-266. DOI:10.1016/S0034-7094(13)70228-9
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinic effectiveness, safety and feasibility of Narcotrend® monitor for evaluation of depth of anesthesia in congenital heart disease (CHD) infants undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A total of 80 infants receiving general anesthesia in selective surgery were randomly selected. Infants were assigned into two groups (n=40 per group). In the Narcotrend group, the depth of anesthesia was monitored with the Narcotrend monitor. In the standard group, the depth of anesthesia was controlled according to the experience. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were determined, as well as the dose of fentanyl, muscle relaxant, recovery time and extubation time were recorded. RESULTS: In both groups, vital signs were stable during the surgery. When compared with the standard group, the MAP and HR were more stable, the total dose of fentanyl and muscle relaxant were significantly reduced and the recovery time and extubation time were markedly shortened in the Narcotrend group. CONCLUSION: The application of Narcotrend monitor was beneficial to the control of the depth of anesthesia in CHD infants receiving total intravenous anesthesia, in which small amount of narcotics can achieve optimal anesthesia. Moreover, the recovery time and extubation time are reduced and the harmful consequence such as intraoperative awareness can be avoided.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 06/2013; 63(3):273-278. DOI:10.1016/S0034-7094(13)70230-7
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of prophylactic administration of normal saline against the hypotensive effect of propofol in female patients booked for gynecological procedures. METHOD: Sixty nine ASA (I, II) patients were randomly allocated into two groups, group 1 received of 0.9% normal saline 10 minutes before induction, whereas group 2 received nothing (control). Anesthesia was induced with propofol and fentanyl then maintained with propofol and remifentanil. We measured hemodynamic variables pre and post general anesthesia induction. RESULTS: Both groups had significant drops in post induction mean arterial blood pressure (P<0.001). Also both groups had significant drops in post induction heart rate ((P<0.02 in sample group and P<0.001 in control group), and 35% of patients in the control group had more than 25% drop in the pre induction mean arterial blood pressure, compared with only 17% of patients in the saline group (P<0.04). CONCLUSION: The prophylactic administration of normal saline could decrease the percentage of patients who had a significant drop in their blood pressure after propofol induction of general anesthesia.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 06/2013; 63(3):258-261. DOI:10.1016/S0034-7094(13)70227-7