Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences

Publisher: World Scientific (Firm)

Description

  • Impact factor
    0.63
  • 5-year impact
    0.63
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.19
  • Other titles
    Innovative optical health sciences, JIOHS
  • ISSN
    1793-5458
  • OCLC
    318613357
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: In the present paper, we describe the first complex multifocal noninvasive morphological and functional study that enabled us to define specific qualitative and quantitative features of neonatal skin. A complex morphofunctional examination of 10 infants aging from 1 to 28 days was performed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) device with a flexible probe at the wavelength of 920 nm with longitudinal resolution of 20 μm and transverse resolution of 25 μm with simultaneous measurement of skin functional parameters. The OCT images of neonatal thin skin have organized layered structure with four horizontally oriented layers. Thick skin of newborns has no structure typical for adult skin and no clear transition from the papillary to the cellular dermis. Thus, we show for the first time to our knowledge that neonatal thick skin differs structurally and functionally from adult skin. Structurally, it differs by a loose arrangement of stratum corneum squamae and thinner epidermis and papillary layer of dermis. The functional differences are lower transepidermal water loss, localization-dependent humidity, higher erythema level, and lower pigmentation. The principal structural differences between neonatal and adult skin show that skin structure formation is not completed by the moment of birth.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of malignant brain tumors continues to challenge scientists and clinicians alike. Location of these tumors within the central nervous system (CNS), which is considered a "privileged" organ, can prevent the penetration of chemotherapeutic agents through the blood–brain barrier (BBB). To overcome this limitation, nanoparticles are taken up and transported by macrophage and then delivered directly into the CNS. In this study, we used macrophage to uptake the folate-targeted bifunctional micelles loaded with near-infrared (NIR) dye ICG-Der-01 and investigate the dynamic bio-distributions of macrophage after intravenous injection into tumor-bearing mice. In vitro cellular experiments by confocal microscopy indicated that the uptake of micelles in macrophage was greatly enhanced due to the folate receptor overexpression. Dynamic bio-distributions of macrophage showed a rapid clearing rate through the liver intestine pathway. In conclusion, macrophage could potentially be used as nanoparticle drug carriers and require further investigation.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: A multi-GPU system designed for high-speed, real-time signal processing of optical coherence tomography (OCT) is described herein. For the OCT data sampled in linear wave numbers, the maximum processing rates reached 2.95 MHz for 1024-OCT and 1.96 MHz for 2048-OCT. Data sampled using linear wavelengths were re-sampled using a time-domain interpolation method and zero-padding interpolation method to improve image quality. The maximum processing rates for 1024-OCT reached 2.16 MHz for the time-domain method and 1.26 MHz for the zero-padding method. The maximum processing rates for 2048-OCT reached 1.58 MHz, and 0.68 MHz, respectively. This method is capable of high-speed, real-time processing for OCT systems.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: Near infrared (NIR) emitting quantum dots (QDs) is a promising candidate for biomedical imaging in living tissues. However, the biomedical application of NIR QDs was not satisfactory due to their toxicity. Ag2S QDs was reported to have negligible toxicity in organisms. Therefore, the appropriate narrow bandgap and low toxicity of Ag2S QDs facilitated them to be a promising contrast agent for fluorescence imaging. Here, a low toxicity, stable and highly luminescent NIR Ag2S QDs were prepared by one-step aqueous method using 2-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) as the coating layers. Emission wavelength of Ag2S QDs could be tuned between 780 and 950 nm. MTT assay results indicated that there was no significant biotoxicty for Ag2S QDs. These NIR QDs exhibited excellent biocompatibility in tumor cells. The cellular uptake and localization of Ag2S QDs was studied using laser confocal scanning microscopy. Ag2S QDs were effectively internalized by the cells. Therefore, Ag2S QDs, acting as a novel fluorescence probe, has promising potential in biolabeling, deep tissue imaging, diagnostics and photodynamic therapy.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: This work presents the use of extended Modified Lambert Beer (MLB) model for accurate and continuous monitoring of percent blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) (SCO) and oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) saturation (SO2) via a fitting procedure. This quantification technique is based on the absorption characteristics of hemoglobin derivatives in the wavelength range of 520–600 nm to give the best estimates of the required parameters. A comparison of the performance of the developed model and MLB law is made using attenuation data from Monte Carlo simulations for a two-layered skin model. The results revealed a lower mean absolute error of 0.4% in the values estimated by the developed model as compared to 10% that is given by the MLB law. This study showed that the discussed approach is able to provide consistent and accurate measurement of blood SO2 and SCO across different skin pigmentations suggesting that it may potentially be used as an alternative means for clinical diagnosis of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) is a fast-developing optical imaging modality that has great potential in early diagnosis of disease and drugs development. However, reconstruction algorithms have to address a highly ill-posed problem to fulfill 3D reconstruction in FMT. In this contribution, we propose an efficient iterative algorithm to solve the large-scale reconstruction problem, in which the sparsity of fluorescent targets is taken as useful a priori information in designing the reconstruction algorithm. In the implementation, a fast sparse approximation scheme combined with a stage-wise learning strategy enable the algorithm to deal with the ill-posed inverse problem at reduced computational costs. We validate the proposed fast iterative method with numerical simulation on a digital mouse model. Experimental results demonstrate that our method is robust for different finite element meshes and different Poisson noise levels.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: Au–Ft, as a green synthesized nanoparticle, is composed of a ferritin nanocage enclosing a pair of Au nanoclusters inside. Our previous study has demonstrated that Au–Ft can be an excellent fluorescent probe for whole body imaging of mice with kidney specific targeting. But, the accurate localization of Au–Ft in kidney is still absent. In the current study, we detected and assessed the cellular and subcellular localization of Au–Ft in renal cortex and medulla of nu/nu mice after tail vein injection by using Nuance optical system (CRi, Woburn, USA) and inForm intelligent image analysis software based on single cell segmentation. We obtained the fluorescence intensity and cellular location of kidney-targeting Au–Ft probe in particular cell of renal glomerulus or renal tubules, which provided valuable proofs to clarify the mechanism of Au–Ft selective enrichment in kidney and the associated metabolic processes.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: Microglial activation plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases. Once activated, they have macrophage-like capabilities, which can be beneficial by phagocytosis and harmful by secretion of neurotoxins. However, the resident microglia always fail to trigger an effective phagocytic response to clear dead cells or Aβ deposits during the progression of neurodegeneration. Therefore, the regulation of microglial phagocytosis is considered a useful strategy in searching for neuroprotective treatments. In this study, our results showed that low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) (20 J/cm2) could enhance microglial phagocytic function in LPS-activated microglia. We found that LPLI-mediated microglial phagocytosis is a Rac-1-dependent actin-based process, that a constitutively activated form of Rac1 (Rac1Q61L) induced a higher level of actin polymerization than cells transfected with wild-type Rac1, whereas a dominant negative form of Rac1 (Rac1T17N) markedly suppressed actin polymerization. In addition, the involvement of Rac1 activation after LPLI treatment was also observed by using a Raichu fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based biosensor. We also found that PI3K/Akt pathway was required in the LPLI-induced Rac1 activation. Our research may provide a feasible therapeutic approach to control the progression of neurodegenerative diseases.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: This research presents the results of investigation of laser polarization fluorescence of biological layers (histological sections, cytological smears) in the task of diagnostics and differentiation of early stages of cancer: Dysplasia — cervical microinvasive carcinoma of cervix uteri. The analytical conditions of polarization-optimal probing of biological layers were determined basing on the model of linear birefringence and dichroism of birefringent (fibrillar, porphyrin) networks. The technique of polarization-variable laser autofluorescence was developed and experimentally tested. The objective criteria (statistical moments) of differentiation of histological sections autofluorescent images of endometrium biopsy and cytological smears of it mucous coat were defined. The operational characteristics (sensitivity, specificity, accuracy) of this technique were determined concerning the positions of probative medicine, and clinical efficiency.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 05/2014; 07(03).
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    ABSTRACT: Development of the use of flavin and nicotinamide-adenine nucleotide fluorescence in monitoring the redox state of the free mitochondrial NADH/NAD+ couple in cells, tissues and organs is reviewed. A break-through was the identification of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (FpL) as the major NAD-linked fluorescent flavoprotein of mitochondria. This mitochondrial matrix flavoprotein is in equilibrium with the free NADH/NAD+ pool and its mid-potential is sufficiently near to that of NADH/NAD+ so that its percentage reduction follows that of the latter. Possibilities of monitoring mitochondrial and cytosolic NADH depend on the population density of mitochondria and thus are tissue-dependent. Upon a shift toward reduction, fluorescence intensities of NADH and flavins swing to reciprocal directions, so that the NADH/flavin fluorescence ratio can be used to increase the sensitivity of redox monitoring. This method is attaining widening use in studies on metabolic regulation under normal and pathological conditions.
    Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences 04/2014; 07(02).

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