European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

The European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry publishes studies on all aspects of medicinal chemistry: Organic synthesis; Biological behavior; Pharmacological activity; Drug design; QSAR; Molecular Modeling; Drug-receptor interactions; Molecular aspects of drug metabolism; Prodrug synthesis and Drug targeting. The journal accepts papers from any country, European or otherwise, and provides a medium for publication of original papers, laboratory notes, short or preliminary communications, new products and invited reviews.

Current impact factor: 3.45

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.447
2013 Impact Factor 3.432
2012 Impact Factor 3.499
2011 Impact Factor 3.346
2010 Impact Factor 3.193
2009 Impact Factor 3.269
2008 Impact Factor 2.882
2007 Impact Factor 2.301
2006 Impact Factor 2.187
2005 Impact Factor 2.022
2004 Impact Factor 1.673
2003 Impact Factor 1.681
2002 Impact Factor 1.705
2001 Impact Factor 1.077
2000 Impact Factor 1.306
1999 Impact Factor 1.074
1998 Impact Factor 1.116
1997 Impact Factor 0.809
1996 Impact Factor 0.675
1995 Impact Factor 0.746
1994 Impact Factor 0.775
1993 Impact Factor 0.716
1992 Impact Factor 0.624

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.95
Cited half-life 4.70
Immediacy index 0.79
Eigenfactor 0.04
Article influence 0.72
Website European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry website
Other titles European journal of medicinal chemistry (Online), Eur j med chem
ISSN 1768-3254

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Leishmania is the parasite responsible for the neglected disease leishmaniasis. Its virulence and survival require biosynthesis of glycoconjugates, whose guanosine diphospho-d-mannose pyrophosphorylase (GDP-MP) is a key player. However, experimentally resolved structures of this enzyme are still lacking. We herein propose structural models of the GDP-MP from human and Leishmania donovani. Based on a multiple sequences alignment, the models were built with MODELLER and then carefully refined with all atom molecular dynamics simulations in explicit solvent. Their quality was evaluated against several standard criteria, including their ability to bind GDP-mannose assessed by redocking calculations. Special attention was given in this study to interactions of the catalytic site residues with the enzyme substrate and competitive inhibitors, opening the perspective of medicinal chemistry developments.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:109-118. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.037
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    ABSTRACT: Through a structure-based molecular hybridization approach, a series of novel quinazolinyl-diaryl urea derivatives were designed, synthesized, and screened for their in vitro antiproliferative activities against three cancer cell lines (HepG2, MGC-803, and A549). Six compounds (7g, 7m, 7o, 8e, 8g, and 8m) showed stronger activity against a certain cell line compared with the positive reference drugs sorafenib and gefitinib. Among the six compounds, 8g exhibited the strongest activity. In particular, compound 8g induced A549 apoptosis, arrested cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, elevated intracellular reactive oxygen species level, and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. This compound can also effectively regulate the expression of apoptosis- and cell cycle-related proteins, and influence the Raf/MEK/ERK pathway. Molecular docking and structure-activity relationship analyses revealed that it can bind well to the active site of the receptor c-Raf, which was consistent with the biological data. Therefore, compound 8g may be a potent antitumor agent, representing a promising lead for further optimization.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:12-25. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.045
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    ABSTRACT: Adequate control of seizures remains an unmet need in epilepsy. In order to identify new anticonvulsant agents, a series of N-trans-cinnamoyl derivatives of selected aminoalkanols was synthetized. The compounds were obtained in the reaction of N-acylation carried out in a two-phase system. The substances were tested in animal models of seizures induced either electrically (maximal electroshock - MES; 6-Hz test) or chemically, by subcutaneous injection of pentetrazol (scPTZ). Neurotoxicity was determined by the rotarod test. Lipophilicity of the active compounds, expressed as RM0, was determined by reversed-phase thin layer chromatography and it ranged from 1.390 to 2.219. From among the tested series of compounds, R,S-(E)-N-(1-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-3-phenylprop-2-enamide (1) and R,S-(E)-N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3-phenylprop-2-enamide (3) exhibited the best anticonvulsant activity. Compound 1, when administered to mice by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection, showed the ED50 values of 86.6, 60.9, and 109.6 mg/kg in the MES, 6-Hz, and scPTZ tests, respectively. For compound 3, the ED50 values were found to be 47.1 mg/kg in MES and 77.1 mg/kg in scPTZ (mice, i.p.). The distances measured in crystals of compound 1 were: 7.99 Å - from the phenyl ring to the hydroxyl group in the amide moiety, 5.729 Å - from the phenyl ring to the amide group, and 3.112 Å - from the amide group to the hydroxyl group in the amide moiety. The reported compounds did not exhibit mutagenic potential when assayed in the Ames test. Compounds 1 and 3 did not affect viability and morphology of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2).
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:26-37. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.051
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    ABSTRACT: Herein we report the synthesis of fluorinated inhibitors of phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) which can be used potentially as lead structure for the development of a (18)F-labeled PDE10A imaging agent for positron emission tomography. The use of ortho-fluoropyridines as residues could potentially enable the introduction of (18)F through nucleophilic substitution for radiolabeling purposes. 2-Fluoropyridines are introduced by a Suzuki coupling at different positions of the molecule. The reference compounds, 1,8-dipyridinylimidazo[1,5-a]quinoxalines and 1-pyridinylimidazo[1,5-a]quinoxalines, show inhibitory potencies at best in the subnanomolar range and selectivity factors greater than 38 against other PDE's. 1,8-Dipyridinylimidazo[1,5-a]quinoxalines are more potent inhibitors than 1-pyridinylimidazo[1,5-a]quinoxalines. Using 2-fluoro-3-pyridinyl as residue provided the most potent inhibitors 16 (IC50 = 0.12 nM), 17 (IC50 = 0.048 nM) and 32 (IC50 = 0.037 nM).
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:97-108. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.028
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    ABSTRACT: Efflux inhibition is proven bacterial machinery responsible for removal of bacterial wastage including antibiotics. Recently, efflux inhibitors (EI) have been tested with encouraging results as an adjuvant therapy for treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Although, EI have emerged as innovative approach of treatment for multi drug resistant (MDR) & extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), toxicity profile limits their wider use. To address this issue, we have attempted synthesizing hybrid molecules those results by combining known EI and triazole. This synthesis was aimed to arrive at structure that possesses pharmacophore from known EI. Synthesized molecules were evaluated as growth inhibitors (GI) and Efflux inhibitor of TB initially against Mycobacterium smegmatis mc(2)155. Pharmacologically active compounds were then tested for their cytotoxicity to further narrow down search. Most active compounds 144, 145, 154 and 163 were then tested for their GEI action against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Synthesized compounds were also tested for their synergistic action with first line and second line anti-TB drugs and ethidium bromide (EtBr). We arrived at compound 135 as most potent dual inhibitor of tuberculosis.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:38-47. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.054
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    ABSTRACT: On the basis of the recent findings about the biological properties of thiazolidinones and taking into account the encouraging results about the antifungal activity of some (thiazol-2-yl)hydrazines, new N-substituted heterocyclic derivatives were designed combining the thiazolidinone nucleus with the hydrazonic portion. In details, 1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones bearing (cyclo)aliphatic or (hetero)aromatic moieties linked to the N1-hydrazine at C2 were synthesized and classified into three series according to the aromatic or bicyclic rings connected to the lactam nitrogen of the thiazolidinone. These molecules were assayed for their anti-Candida effects in reference to the biological activity of the conventional topic (clotrimazole, miconazole, tioconazole) and systemic drugs (fluconazole, ketoconazole, amphotericin B). Finally, we investigated the selectivity against fungal cells by testing the compounds endowed with the best MICs on Hep2 cells in order to assess their cell toxicity (CC50) and we noticed that two derivatives were less cytotoxic than the reference drug clotrimazole. Moreover, a preliminary molecular modelling approach has been performed against lanosterol 14-α demethylase (CYP51A1) to rationalize the activity of the tested compounds and to specify the target protein or enzyme.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:82-96. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.048
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    ABSTRACT: A series of nonsecosteroidal vitamin D3 receptor (VDR) ligands with phenyl-pyrrolyl pentane skeleton were synthesized for cancer therapy. In contrast to 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (Calcitriol), these VDR ligands exhibited anti-proliferative activity without inducing hypercalcemia. These compounds were evaluated for vitamin D3-agonistic ability and anti-proliferative activity in vitro. Among them, compounds 5k and 5i exhibited equivalent vitamin D3-agonistic activity compared with Calcitriol. Meanwhile, compound 5k displayed promising inhibiting profile against MCF-7, HepG-2 and Caco-2 with IC50 values of 0.00586 μM, 0.176 μM, and 1.01 μM (Calcitriol: 5.58 μM, 80.83 μM and 4.46 μM) respectively. Compound 5i inhibited proliferation of PC-3 with IC50 value of 0.00798 μM (Calcitriol: 17.25 μM). Additionally, neither of these compounds significantly elevated serum calcium in rats.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 107:48-62. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.042
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was the synthesis and lead structure selection of a best anti-leukemic agent from a library of aza-podophyllotoxin analogues (APTs). To this end, we report a scalable, modified multicomponent reaction using a "sacrificial" aniline partner as a more general route to rapidly construct the pivotal library of 50 APT analogues. Our preliminary structure activity relationship studies for anti-leukemic activity also address the innate toxicity of these compounds against non-malignant cells. As a result, we identified 2 novel compounds 2ca' and 2jc' more potent than etoposide 1 (25-60 fold) having high selectivity against the human THP-1 leukemia cell line and a minimal toxicity (IC50 of 9.3 ± 0.8 and 19.6 ± 1.4 nM respectively) which represent the best candidates for further pharmacological optimization.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 106:167-179. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.009
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    ABSTRACT: Pyridone 1 was identified from a high-throughput cell-based phenotypic screen against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) including multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) as a novel anti-TB agent and subsequently optimized series using cell-based Mtb assay. Preliminary structure activity relationship on the isobutyl group with higher cycloalkyl groups at 6-position of pyridone ring has enabled us to significant improvement of potency against Mtb. The lead compound 30j, a dimethylcyclohexyl group on the 6-position of the pyridone, displayed desirable in vitro potency against both drug sensitive and multi-drug resistant TB clinical isolates. In addition, 30j displayed favorable oral pharmacokinetic properties and demonstrated in vivo efficacy in mouse model. These results emphasize the importance of 4-hydroxy-2-pyridones as a new chemotype and further optimization of properties to treat MDR-TB.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 106:144-156. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.008
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    ABSTRACT: Tyrosinase catalyzes two distinct sequential reactions in melanin biosynthesis: the hydroxylation of tyrosine to DOPA followed by the oxidation of DOPA to dopaquinone. The central roles of melanin in living species have motivated researchers to maintain constant efforts to discover new agents that modulate tyrosinase activity. In this study, we report on the inhibition of tyrosinase by ethionamide and its analogues. Ethionamide, 2-ethylpyridine-4-carbothioamide, is a second-line antituberculosis drug used for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. The chemical similarity of ethionamide to phenylthiourea, a well-known tyrosinase inhibitor, led us to investigate its inhibitory effects on mushroom tyrosinase and the IC50 was calculated as 4 μM. Five analogues of ethionamide, including another antituberculosis drug, prothionamide, were also inhibitory, with values for IC50 in the range of 3-43 μM. Fluorescence quenching experiments supported a mechanism of direct binding. In contrast, isoniazid, a structural analogue and first-line antituberculosis drug, was a poor inhibitor of tyrosinase. We also tested the effects of ethionamide and its analogues on melanin content in B16F10 cells. At a concentration of 50 μM, the molecules, pyridine-2-carbothioamide and thiobenzamide substantially decreased the melanin content by 44% and 37%, respectively. In addition to identifying other interactions, docking simulations showed that the carbothioamide groups of the molecules make essential contacts with the catalytic di-copper atoms. Our results suggest that carbothioamide can be a central moiety for the development of new and potent tyrosinase inhibitors.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 106:157-166. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.033
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    ABSTRACT: The glycoprotein gp120 of the HIV-1 viral envelope has a high content in mannose residues, particularly α-1,2-mannose oligomers. Compounds that interact with these high-mannose type glycans may disturb the interaction between gp120 and its (co)receptors and are considered potential anti-HIV agents. Previously, we demonstrated that a tripodal receptor (1), with a central scaffold of 1,3,5-triethylbenzene substituted with three 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzoyl groups, selectively recognizes α-1,2-mannose polysaccharides. Here we present additional studies to determine the anti-HIV-1 activity and the mechanism of antiviral activity of this compound. Our studies indicate that 1 shows anti-HIV-1 activity in the low micromolar range and has pronounced gp120 binding and HIV-1 integrase inhibitory capacity. However, gp120 binding rather than integrase inhibition seems to be the primary mechanism of antiviral activity of 1.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 106:132-143. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.027
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    ABSTRACT: Research activities on the oxazolidinone antibacterial class of compounds continue to focus on developing newer derivatives with improved potency, broad-spectrum activity and safety profiles superior to linezolid. Among the safety concerns with the oxazolidinone antibacterial agents is inhibition of monoamine oxidases (MAO) resulting from their structural similarity with toloxatone, a known MAO inhibitor. Diverse substitution patterns at the C-5 position of the oxazolidinone ring have been shown to significantly affect both antibacterial activity and MAO inhibition to varying degrees. Also, the antibacterial activity of compounds containing iron-chelating functionalities, such as the hydroxamic acids, 8-hydroxyquinolines and catechols have been correlated to their ability to alter iron intake and/or metabolism. Hence a series of novel 5-(hydroxamic acid)methyl oxazolidinone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antibacterial and MAO-A and -B inhibitory activities. The compounds were devoid of significant antibacterial activity but most demonstrated moderate MAO-A and -B inhibitory activities. Computer modeling studies revealed that the lack of potent antibacterial activity was due to significant steric interaction between the hydroxamic acid N-OH oxygen atom and one of the G2540 5'-phosphate oxygen atoms at the bacterial ribosomal binding site. Therefore, the replacement of the 5-acetamidomethyl group of linezolid with the 5-(N-hydroxyacetamido)methyl group present in the hydroxamic acid oxazolidinone derivatives was concluded to be detrimental to antibacterial activity. Furthermore, the 5-(hydroxamic acid)methyl oxazolidinone derivatives were also less active as MAO-A and -B inhibitors compared with linezolid and the selective inhibitors clorgyline and pargyline. In general, the 5-(hydroxamic acid)methyl oxazolidinone derivatives demonstrated moderate but selective MAO-B inhibitory activity.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 106:120-131. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.025
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    ABSTRACT: Scutellarin (1) could be hydrolyzed into scutellarein (2) in vivo and then converted into methylated, sulfated and glucuronidated forms. In order to investigate the biological activities of these methylated metabolites, eight methylated analogs of scutellarein (2) were synthesized via semi-synthetic methods. The antithrombotic activities of these compounds were evaluated through the analyzation of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT) and fibrinogen (FIB). Their antioxidant activities were assessed by measuring their scavenging capacities toward 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and the ability to protect PC12 cells against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the physicochemical properties of these compounds including aqueous solubility and lipophilicity were also investigated. The results showed that 6-O-methylscutellarein (5) demonstrated potent antithrombotic activity, stronger antioxidant activity and balanced solubility and permeability compared with scutellarin (1), which warrants further development of 5 as a promising lead for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; 106:95-105. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.039

  • European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.10.040