European annals of allergy and clinical immunology

Publisher: Associazione allergologi immunologi territoriali e ospedalieri; Associazione italiana allergologi territoriali e ospedalieri

Description

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  • 5-year impact
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  • ISSN
    1764-1489
  • OCLC
    213052917
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA), formerly named Churg Strauss Syndrome, is a multisystem disorder characterized by chronic rhinosinusitis, asthma, and prominent peripheral blood eosinophilia; it is classified as a vasculitis of the small and medium sized arteries, although the vasculitis is often not clinically apparent in the initial phases of the disease. We present the case of a woman with EGPA who was frequently treated with high dose steroid therapy during hospital admission for refractory asthma. After December 2008, the date when we started Omalizumab, we observed a significative reduction of circulating eosinophils and IgE serum level, and the patient was no more hospitalized for respiratory failure or asthma attacks.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):226-228.
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    ABSTRACT: During the last years, along with the growing knowledge about the role and importance of the intestinal flora, interest remarkably increased in probiotic bacteria supplementation. It has indeed been demonstrated that the intestinal microbiota is very important in the regulation of several functions of the organism, even those far from the gastro-enteric system. Among them, great interest was stimulated by the proven capability of the intestinal microbiota to regulate the immune system, in particular to rebalance the TH1/Th2 ratio. Consequence thereof is the assumption that the administration of probiotic bacteria may induce clinical benefits in allergic pathologies. Many clinical studies have been carried out that considered the possibility of preventing allergic sensitizations, and preventing and treating atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis. Many studies demonstrated that the administration of probiotics is able to prevent the onset of allergic sensitizations and improve the symptoms of atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis; however, studies were published, too, that achieved negative outcomes. The overall evaluation of results is, however, difficult, as the strains used and the study design are markedly heterogeneous. Future investigations with a better standardization will be able to better explain the role of the intestinal flora in atopy, and the role of probiotics in the treatment of allergic diseases.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):196-200.
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    ABSTRACT: Forecasting symptoms of pollen-related allergic rhinoconjunctivitis at the level of individual patients would be useful to improve disease control and plan pharmacological intervention. Information Technology nowadays facilitates a more efficient and easier monitoring of patients with chronic diseases. We aimed this study at testing the efficiency of a model to short-term forecast symptoms of pollen-AR at the "individual" patient level. We analysed the data prospectively acquired from a group of 21 Italian children affected by pollen-related allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and recorded their symptoms and medication "Average Combined Score" (ACS) on a daily basis during April-June 2010-2011 through an informatics platform (Allergymonitor™). The dataset used for prediction included 15 variables in four categories: (A) date, (B) meteo-climatic, (C) atmospheric concentration of 5 pollen taxa, and (D) intensity of the patient's IgE sensitization. A Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis approach was used in order to predict ACS values above a fixed threshold value (0.5). The best performing predicting model correctly classified 77.8% ± 10.3% and 75.5% ± 13.2% of the recorded days in the model and test years, respectively. In this model, 9/21 patients showed ≥ 80% correct classification of the recorded days in both years. A better performance was associated with a higher degree of patient's atopic sensitization and a time lag > 1. Symptom forecasts of seasonal allergic rhinitis are possible in highly polysensitised patients in areas with complex pollen exposure. However, only predictive models tailored to the individual patient's allergic susceptibility are accurate enough. Multicenter studies in large population samples adopting the same acquisition data system on smart phones are now needed to confirm this encouraging outcome.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):216-225.
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    ABSTRACT: This study reports an unusual case of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to Cochineal red or Carmine red, a coloring agent of natural origin. Although the risk of anaphylactic reactions is well known, since the nineties the use of this additive seems to be nowadays on the rise. The problem of labeling of additives used in handmade food products is highlighted.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):232-233.
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    ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), also known as Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), is a systemic vasculitis affecting almost exclusively patients with asthma. Neuropathy is the presenting feature in 55-75 % of cases. An increased incidence of the syndrome has been reported in asthmatics treated with leukotriene antagonists (LTAs). The causal relation is still debated. We retrospectively examined clinical, biochemical, histological features, and outcome of patients referred between 1990 and 2006 for sural nerve biopsy affected by neuropathy related to EGPA. We identified 24 patients, 6 treated with LTA montelukast (T-group) and 18 not treated (NT-Group). All had chronic asthma; in T-group neuropathy developed from 1 to 150 days after starting montelukast. Demographic features as well as asthma duration and pre-onset treatment were remarkably similar, with the only exception of a statistically nonsignificant larger involvement of the nasal mucosa in T group. Nerve biopsy revealed in both group an axonal neuropathy. At follow-up, all within the T-group and most within the NT-group improved clinically; neurophysiological parameters remained stable, improved or worsened in the same proportion within the two groups. Only 2 NT and no T-patient had stopped steroid treatment before the appearance of the peripheral neuropathy, making withdrawal overall unlikely as a causative factor of the onset of neuropathy. In summary, the temporal relationship between montelukast administration and the onset of neuropathy, would make the latter more likely as an "adverse drug reaction". Despite this, no significant clinical neither neurophysiological differences were noted between the two groups.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):201-209.
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    ABSTRACT: Under the broad heading of "vasomotor" rhinitis two big groups can be distinguished: allergic rhinitis (IgE-mediated), and nonallergic rhinitis. Since they are two separate nosological entities, they can co-exist in the same patient, classifying themselves in the group of "overlapped" rhinitis (OR). Although not absolutely rare (indeed it is estimated a 15-20% incidence among all vasomotor rhinopathies), this condition is not investigated and diagnosed, with significant implications in the clinical-diagnostic and therapeutic field.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):234-236.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic urticaria (CU) is one of the most puzzling clinical entities confronted by the medical profession. It is a common motive for consultation, and in a sizable proportion of patients no identifiable cause is evident. Since there are relatively few publications regarding CU in developing countries, we performed a prospective 3-year study on the demographic and clinical features of patients with CU. Four hundred and twenty-three subjects were studied, 52 children and 371 adults, 295 females (69.7%), with a mean age of 38.4 ± 17.8 years. More often, wheals and angioedema (AE) were present on the head, upper and lower limbs and the trunk. AE was present in 162 patients (38.4%). The most frequent subtypes were chronic spontaneous urticaria, aspirin-exacerbated cutaneous disease, dermographic urticaria, and combinations of various subtypes. A better understanding of the characteristics of patients suffering CU is helpful for clinicians dealing with this ailment, and provides guidance for new investigations on its pathogenesis, which will hopefully result in a better management of this vexing condition.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 11/2014; 46(6):210-215.
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the prevalence and clinical relevance of sensitization to shrimp allergens other than tropomyosin.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 09/2014; 46(5):172-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) is one of the most common causes of Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders (PIDs) and of Primary Hypogammaglobulinemia in adulthood. Clinical features include variable combinations of infectious diseases, autoimmune diseases, lymphoproliferative disorders and gastrointestinal diseases. In this case report, delayed detection of the disease had a negative prognostic impact, despite prompt antibiotic and replacement therapy. The unfavourable prognosis was due to multi-organ failure (namely lungs, heart and liver) and to a number of chronic and acute infectious diseases.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 09/2014; 46(5):184-8.
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    ABSTRACT: In this report we describe a case of respiratory allergy induced by an unusual occupational exposure to rabbit. The patient worked as a part-time magician in theatres and private parties and the most popular performance of his show was to pull out a white rabbit from a top hat. Unfortunately, a few minutes after the extraction of rabbit from top hat, the patient experienced the onset of upper and lower airway symptoms, and in some occasions he was forced to stop the show and to use short acting β2 agonists and intramuscular steroids. The results of SPT and evaluation of serological specific IgE (ImmunoCAP and ImmunoCAP ISAC IgE) revealed allergic sensitization to rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) dander as well as to Parietaria and dust mites. ImmunoCAP ISAC IgE excluded allergic sensitization to other cross-reacting animal allergens. Rabbit constitutes a reliable risk factor for allergic sensitization in individuals working as professional / part-time magicians or as animators in some recreational settings (resorts, parties, charity shows, etc).
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 09/2014; 46(5):178-80.
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    ABSTRACT: Rhinitis comprises several diseases with varying causes and different clinical manifestations and pathological features, but treated as a single clinical disorder. As heterogeneous disease, proper differential diagnosis is useful to delineate appropriate therapeutic intervention. Comparative proteomic investigation was aimed to provide information for specific differentially expressed proteins in rhino pathologic state, that could be used for diagnostic purpose and therapeutic monitoring.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 09/2014; 46(5):164-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Prurigo is a condition of nodular cutaneous lesions that itch intensely. Prurigo lesions are divided into acute, subacute and chronic forms that itch intensely. Subacute prurigo (SP) clinically presents as excoriated papules mostly in a symmetrical distribution on the extensor surfaces of the extremities, neck, lower trunk, and buttocks. It tends to occur in middle-aged patients, especially in women. Herein, we described prurigo simplex subacuta in a 4-year-old boy. It was histopathologically documented.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 07/2014; 46(4):152-153.
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    ABSTRACT: Although the standard of care for cow's milk (CM) allergy is strict food avoidance, oral immunotherapy (OIT) is being widely investigated as an alternative management option in certain cases. Immediate adverse reactions to OIT have been described, but its long-term effects are much less often reported. We present the case of a girl diagnosed with IgE-mediated CM allergy that was proposed for our CM OIT protocol at the age of 3 years. The first sessions (dose escalation up to 5 ml) were well tolerated, however eight hours after her daily morning dose of 5ml CM the child developed late episodes of vomiting. No other symptoms, particularly immediately after CM ingestion, were reported. These episodes became progressively worse and on the third day she presented mild dehydration and blood eosinophilia. After OIT interruption, a progressive clinical improvement was observed. An esophageal endoscopy was performed, showing signs of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) with peak 20 eosinophils/hpf. After treatment with topical swallowed fluticasone (500 mcg bid) and a CM-free diet for 4 months, the child was asymptomatic and endoscopy and biopsy findings were normal.The long-term effects of milk OIT are still in part unknown. We hypothesize that eosinophilic esophagitis may have been a consequence of OIT in this case. The findings seem to indicate that food allergy may play a role in the pathogenesis of esophageal eosinophilia and stress the importance of a well programmed long-term follow-up of patients that have undergone milk OIT.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 07/2014; 46(4):154-156.
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    ABSTRACT: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a disease predominantly seen in susceptible asthmatic subjects, due to a hypersensitivity phenomenon caused by colonisation of the airways by Aspergillus species. Although collapse, both lobar and segmental due to mucoid impaction, is not uncommon in ABPA, a middle lobe syndrome (MLS) secondary to ABPA is rather an uncommon association. We report this rare and unusual clinical presentation in a 36-year-old male, who presented for evaluation of a "non resolving pneumonia". Imaging suggested the presence of a MLS and central bronchiectasis. Further investigations revealed that the patient met 6/8 of the essential diagnostic criteria for ABPA. Appropriate therapy with oral corticosteroids resulted in remarkable symptomatic improvement.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 07/2014; 46(4):147-151.
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    ABSTRACT: Povidone iodine (PVP-I) is a chemical complex of polyvinylpyrrolidone (also known as povidone or PVP) and elemental iodine. Iodine containing compounds are widely and commonly used as antiseptics and disinfectants. They are available in various forms like aqueous solution, tincture, aerosol, ointment, or foam. Skin irritation to them is due to the oxidative effects of iodine. Because of the low free iodine concentration in povidone-iodine, skin irritation is less frequent from short contact (1).
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 07/2014; 46(4):157-159.
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    ABSTRACT: This questionnaire-based study evaluated the overall level of knowledge about allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) among chest physicians, who are frequently involved in the management of respiratory allergies. This represents an interesting aspect, because chest physicians intercept many of the patients with allergic rhinitis w/wo asthma, in which SIT could be potentially indicated.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 07/2014; 46(4):132-136.
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    ABSTRACT: Lipid transfer protein (LTP) is a widely cross-reacting allergen in plant foods.
    European annals of allergy and clinical immunology 07/2014; 46(4):142-146.