International Journal of Culture and Mental Health

Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

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Other titles International journal of culture and mental health
ISSN 1754-2863
OCLC 154690457
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

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    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis (Routledge)'
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Migrants have higher levels of depression and anxiety than non-migrants. Pregnant migrant women are especially vulnerable to emotional distress due to their social circumstances, isolation from family and culture of origin, and aspects of the pregnancy itself. This study aims to report the process of planning an emotional-health group program for migrant women in an antenatal clinic and discusses potential reasons for its poor uptake. The program was developed with the aim to provide education, reduce symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress, and to improve the social resources and connectedness of the women. The paper describes the pathways taken in developing the program, including a literature review and needs assessment and collaborative planning discussions across different key health services, recruitment, and review. Possible reasons for failure to implement the program included staff factors, cultural barriers, mistrust of healthcare services, family opposition, and difficulties with transport. Strategies to address these practical implementation issues and improve the acceptability of such programs in this population are discussed.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 06/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1034738
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    ABSTRACT: This work is part of the elaboration of an epistemological, political and ethical project in intercultural clinical psychology. This project, Globality as a Clinical Posture (in the sense of a global clinical approach, Clinique de la Mondialité in French), aims to adapt a number of everyday topics to globalization, in particular through the design of a general methodological framework. It enables the clinical psychologist to consider a worldwide dimension in the actualization and expression of patients' symptoms, as well as to assist patients in relating to the world beyond their family, the institution around them and the countries with which they are connected. Certainly, many factors can lead clinicians to question their usual devices and tools and to reposition themselves in the clinical relationship: worldwide historical and geographical population displacement as well as the transformation faced vis-à-vis the perception of self and the other in the creolized world. We analyze different epistemological and professional positions in intercultural psychology in order to develop an integrated posture - the global clinical approach posture - based on openness to interdisciplinarity and the adaptation to globality of the classical clinical approach. The basis of this new approach is, above all else, the world.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 04/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1005107
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    ABSTRACT: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common mental health complication of childbirth. It has been estimated to affect approximately 10-15% of mothers after childbirth. If untreated, PPD can lead to more serious mental illness. Identifying risk factors can help develop accurate screening assessment for the early identification and treatment of those at risk. To date, no studies have examined the prevalence rate of PPD among Saudi women or the specific risk factors for PPD in Saudi culture. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of PPD and to assess the risk factors. A total of 1200 women were invited to participate in the study immediately after delivery, 571 of those women were interviewed by phone five weeks later using the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. The study found an approximately 14% prevalence of PPD in Saudi women. A previous psychiatric history, mothers’ health during pregnancy and the delivery time were specific risk factors in this group. These data are expected to motivate clinicians and mental health professionals who work with pregnant women to include assessments of these factors in their routine examinations and to improve the early identification and management of this condition.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 04/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.999691
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    ABSTRACT: Human societies are unique in that our behavior is regulated by learned norms and influenced by cultural standards. The present article addresses one of the aspects of how normative culture affects individual's mental life. This study specifically examined the role of norm internalization in cultural consonance and individual psychological flourishing. The data, collected in New England in the winter of 2012, contained measures of individual's (n = 189) knowledge about a cultural model of a good, worthy life, the degree of internalization of the corresponding normative ideas, and self-reported information about each informant's lifestyle and individual mental health status. The results suggest that while stronger internalizers tend to have slightly better levels of psychological flourishing on average, they also suffer greater losses in positive mental health when they think that they are not conforming to the norms embedded in a cultural model.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 04/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.988278
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    ABSTRACT: Studying trends in mental health morbidity will guide the planning of future interventions for mental and public health services. To assess the trends in mental health problems among children and adolescents aged 5 through 15 years in Malaysia from 1996 to 2011, data from the children's mental health component of three population-based surveys was analysed using a two-stage stratified sampling design. Mental health problems were assessed using the Reporting Questionnaire for Children. The prevalence of mental health problems among children and adolescents aged 5 through 15 years showed an increasing trend from 13.0% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 11.5-14.6) in 1996 to 19.4% (95% CI: 18.5-20.3) in 2006 and 20.0% (95% CI: 18.8-21.3) in 2011. In 2011, male children and adolescents and those who were in less affluent families were significantly associated with mental health problems. The findings indicate that even though mental health problems among children and adolescents in Malaysia are increasing, the rate of increase has decreased in the past five years. Socially and economically disadvantaged groups were most vulnerable to mental health problems.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 04/2015; 8(2):125-136. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.907326
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    ABSTRACT: The wide reach and devastation of recent natural disasters and other traumatic events provides an opportunity to revisit the conceptualization of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Currently, the majority of PTSD research focuses on the aftermath of isolated, single events for individuals, or time-limited trauma episodes (e.g., child abuse). This paper explores classification of traumatic experiences that questions the notion of the ‘post-’ in PTSD. Moreover, the authors focus on placing trauma in a cultural and social context, including an historical perspective and current responses to trauma across the world. Discussion and recommendations concern the role of mental health providers in the face of disasters and other traumatic events across the globe, with a specific consciousness of contexts in which a ‘post-’ is not applicable.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 01/2015; 8(1). DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892519
  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 10/2014; 7(4). DOI:10.1080/17542863.2013.787192
  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 10/2014; 7(4). DOI:10.1080/17542863.2013.815241
  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 10/2014; 7(4). DOI:10.1080/17542863.2013.797140
  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 10/2014; 7(4). DOI:10.1080/17542863.2012.757334
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to carry out a survey of Japanese high school students in order to assess recognition and beliefs about treatments for mental disorders. In 2011, 311 Japanese high school students aged 15-19 years filled out an anonymous self-report questionnaire containing a case vignette describing depression, schizophrenia or social phobia. Subsequent questions covered: what was wrong with the person, help-seeking intentions and the likely helpfulness of treatments. Only 14.3% of students correctly labelled depression. Rates of recognition for schizophrenia (or psychosis) and social phobia were 8.3% (or 23.1%) and 26.8% respectively. Friends were nominated as the most likely source of help. The most commonly nominated barrier to help seeking was concern about what other people might think. Views about the helpfulness of treatments generally diverged from those of health professionals. Between 36.8% and 52.6% of students thought dealing with the problem alone would be helpful. Japanese high school students show low levels of mental health literacy relating to depression, social phobia and schizophrenia. Interventions to improve mental health literacy should be targeted towards young people and their parents and should address signs and symptoms of disorders, evidence-based treatments and barriers to help-seeking, particularly concern about what others might think.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(2):1-16. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.931979
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    ABSTRACT: Drawing on the historical experiences of a bicultural society in Goa, a former Portuguese state on the western coast of India, this article describes how the exchange between two groups with conflicting and contrasting cultures, Hindus and Christians, continued to persist and grow for more than four centuries. The Goan acculturation took place in three stages. A relatively peaceful co-existence of the two groups, lasting about 30 years, was followed by almost 200 years of both Christianization and ‘westernization’ as well attempts to eliminate the interaction between Hindus and Christians. These attempts were unsuccessful and eventually the discriminatory practices were outlawed. A skillful collective use of adaptive strategies led to the prevention and minimization of demoralization and the creation of a vibrant hybrid culture, the Indo-Portuguese culture of Goa.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(1):1-15. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892523
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    ABSTRACT: Distorted beliefs about responsibility attitude and interpretation are a central theme in Salkovskis’ cognitive model of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This study aimed to develop Japanese versions of the Responsibility Attitude Scale (RAS-J) and Responsibility Interpretation Questionnaire (RIQ-J). Participants in Study 1 were 118 non-clinical Japanese students who completed the RAS-J and RIQ-J to confirm the test-retest reliability of these scales. In Study 2, 98 participants (OCD group = 37; anxiety control group = 24; healthy control group = 37) completed the RAS-J, RIQ-J and other measures to assess the validity of the RAS-J and RIQ-J. As a result of analysis, The RAS-J and RIQ-J demonstrated adequate test-retest reliability and internal consistency. In addition, both scales had adequate concurrent validity, demonstrated by significant correlations with other measures of OCD, anxiety and depression. Group comparison data using ANOVA with Bonferroni method indicated that RAS-J and RIQ-J scores for the OCD group not only differed from the non-clinical group, but also from the clinically anxious comparison group. This study demonstrated that the newly developed RAS-J and RIQ-J effectively measure responsibility attitude and responsibility interpretation in Japanese OCD patients.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(2):1-13. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.937347
  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(2):1-2. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.920587
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this article is to describe a framework for the understanding of how the exchange of ideas and values between members of two different and conflicting cultures may lead to the prevention of demoralization and formation of a hybrid culture, and how this exchange may persist despite systematic opposition. Available evidence suggests that sociocultural resilience and individual resilience are pre-requisites of each other. Individual resilience appears to be the polar opposite of subjective incompetence, the clinical hallmark of demoralization. The testing of these hypotheses requires a longitudinal study of acculturation over a period of decades or centuries. This could be accomplished by interpreting social and cultural phenomena identified by historical research in terms of current evidence-based and integrated knowledge in psychiatry, psychology, epidemiology, sociology, and anthropology.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(1):1-7. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892522
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines how bicultural harmonization was achieved in a society exposed to acculturative stress for almost two centuries and discusses the implications of the historical experience of this bicultural society to clinical practice, cultural psychotherapy, and program development for bicultural populations. The setting being studied is Goa, a former Portuguese state on the western coast of India. Two cultural sub-groups, Hindus and Christians, continued to interact despite attempts to eliminate their bicultural exchange. The result was the formation of a vibrant hybrid culture, the Indo-Portuguese culture of Goa, and the minimization or prevention of demoralization. The findings highlight the importance of encouraging bicultural individuals to borrow values and norms from both cultures, switch between them in response to cultural cues, adapt themselves to both, synthesize norms of both, and apply those norms judiciously to particular situations. Programs designed to relieve distress and demoralization in bicultural individuals should aim at the promotion of harmonization rather than total assimilation.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(1):1-13. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892525
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article describes how the exchange of ideas and values between members of two different and conflicting cultures may persist despite systematic opposition under certain circumstances. Examples are drawn from the historical experience of Hindus and Christians in Goa, a former Portuguese state on the western coast of India, spanning over four centuries (from 1510 till 1961). Three types of mechanisms are described in terms of three aspects of the sociocultural system: structure (e.g., biological dispositions, availability of an exit, and preservation of the social framework), process (e.g., sharing of business interests and symbolic systems), and outcome (e.g., management of stigma and creation of a bicultural ambient world). The result was the creation of a hybrid vibrant culture, the Indo-Portuguese culture of Goa, and the minimization or prevention of demoralization.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(1):1-16. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892524
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    ABSTRACT: Historically, Vietnamese American immigrants have experienced distress associated with war, involuntary migration, and adjustment to life in the USA. Social determinants, including perceived neighborhood safety and economic indicators, have established relationships with psychological distress. The present study applied the life course perspective to investigate how social determinants differentiate the psychological distress of older Vietnamese immigrants. Vietnamese immigrant respondents to the California Health Interview Survey over the age of 50 were studied. A total of 436 Vietnamese adults were included in this study. A single-item measure of perceived neighborhood safety was employed as well as the six-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. The results showed differences in the likelihood of reporting higher levels of psychological distress based on perceived neighborhood safety. Additionally, age moderated the effects of perceived neighborhood safety and income on psychological distress. Future research on the role of perceived neighborhood safety on mental health among displaced groups can shed light on community-level correlates of health and mental health.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(1):1-12. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892518
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    ABSTRACT: This longitudinal study explores the adjustment experience of Korean immigrants in Canada by examining changes in their well-being during the first four years of settlement. Data were derived from the three-wave Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, conducted between April 2001 and November 2005. We use a subsample of 1811 immigrants aged 15 years or older from South Korea (n = 351), Eastern European countries (n = 1152), and Western European countries (n = 308). Results indicated that changes in life satisfaction among Korean immigrants were significantly different from those found among Europeans. In Western and Eastern Europeans, the rates of life satisfaction declined gradually during the initial four years of settlement, whereas for Koreans the decline was drastic. Employment status among Korean women and income and ethnic network among Korean men were salient factors for declining life satisfaction.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2014; 8(1):1-12. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2014.892521