International Journal of Culture and Mental Health

Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

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Other titles International journal of culture and mental health
ISSN 1754-2863
OCLC 154690457
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

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    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis (Routledge)'
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: African traditional medicine (ATM) is an important health delivery system throughout the world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, yet very little research has been done on it, write on it. Research suggests that ATM can be complementary to biomedicine, particularly for mental health care. In this study, we aimed to explore ATM practices on patients with mental disorders. Using exploratory qualitative methods in a semi-urban community near Harare, we conducted 30 interviews with traditional healers from Zimbabwe National Traditional Healers’ Association. Data were coded and analysed using thematic analysis to identify key themes. We found that herbalists were the main healing order, and that the majority of the patients were women who presented mainly with problems identified as ‘supernatural', such as witchcraft or spiritual. The ATM involved mainly using spiritual power, talking and rituals that met patients’ cultural expectations. Our data suggest that ATM uses distinct treatments methods that meet cultural expectations of patients and that biomedicine do not. The ATM practices may therefore have a positive role to play in the treatment of mental disorders in Africa. Policies in national guidelines should include ATM practices to address mental health needs of the patients. More research is required to establish efficacy of ATM practices before their adoption.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1106568
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Parenting style is a potent and malleable influence on emerging adult substance use. Most of the parenting-substance use literature has been conducted in Western populations and it is unknown whether findings are generalizable to other cultures and contexts. We extended the parenting-substance use literature to a cohort of emerging adults in the Philippines using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. We assessed associations between mothers’ and fathers’ parenting styles (authoritative, permissive, authoritarian, and neglectful) reported by offspring at age 18 and odds of offspring-reported drug use three years later, adjusted for a range of offspring- and parent/household-level characteristics. Females were dropped from analyses due to low prevalence of drug users. We found that many emerging adults in Cebu reported having used drugs, particularly methamphetamine—a dangerous drug with high abuse potential. Authoritative (warm, firm) mothering was significantly associated with sons’ reduced odds of drug use and neglectful fathering was related at a trend level with sons’ increased odds of having tried drugs. Findings underscore the relation of parenting styles to emerging adults’ drug use and add to the literature on cross-cultural variability in parenting styles.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1091486

  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1081955

  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1074260

  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 09/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1074261

  • International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 08/2015; DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1065893
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    ABSTRACT: Different cultures often express identical symptoms in different ways. The original four-factor structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) might not be appropriate for all cultural groups. This study aimed to investigate the factor structure of the CES-D among Japanese Brazilians and to examine relationships between the CES-D and Japanese language proficiency. Participants were Japanese Brazilians (n = 136). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to determine the structure of the Portuguese CES-D. The relationships were examined using the generalized linear model. We tested the five CES-D models on Japanese Brazilians and found these models did not satisfactory meet goodness-of-fit criteria. Therefore, we performed post-hoc factor analyses on the CES-D and determined a best-fit structure composed of four factors, namely: ‘Depressed Affect/Somatic Symptoms’, ‘Loneliness/Sadness’, ‘(Absence of) Positive Affect’ and ‘Interpersonal Difficulties’. Two items functioned differently from the original model and the structure differed from models developed among Brazilian or Japanese samples. Internal reliability and construct validity were acceptable. Japanese language proficiency, a measure of culture retention, was significantly related to subscores for the absence of positive affect. This suggests a complex relationship between language and cultural background that can affect reporting on instruments such as the CES-D.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 08/2015; 8(4):1-20. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1074259
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    ABSTRACT: In low- and middle-income countries, perinatal depression (PND) has been associated with poor infant health outcomes, including frequency of infant diarrheal episodes, preterm delivery and low birth weight, and discontinuation or problems breastfeeding. Yet little is known about the awareness or expression of PND depression in Ghana. A total of 12 in-depth key-informant interviews were conducted with women who had experienced PND within the previous two-and-a-half years. Three focus-group discussions were conducted with new mothers (n = 11), grandmothers (n = 8), and fathers (n = 9) for contextual and supporting information. ‘Thinking too much’ was the term most commonly used to describe PND. The women saw their distress as caused largely by poverty, lack of social support, and domestic problems. Women sought help through family and religious organizations, rather than through medical services. Problems producing breast milk or breastfeeding were nearly universal complaints and suggest significant effects on infant health in the study area. These results present evidence to support the increasing consensus that depression presents in similar and disabling ways across cultures and contexts. This formative qualitative data is required to tailor depression prevention or treatment interventions to this particular socio-cultural context.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 07/2015; 8(4):1-12. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1037849
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    ABSTRACT: While empirical support that focuses on maternal depression has received substantial publicity on several fronts, paternal depression has not garnered as much empirical attention. Additionally, despite the increase in the prevalence of immigration in the US, there has been slow progress in identifying underlying mechanisms and risks among immigrant families and their impact on younger children's socio-emotional wellbeing. Utilizing the framework of intersectionality, this study investigated the effect of parental depressive tendencies on school-age children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. To understand the familial links that safeguard young school-age children's behavioral outcomes, the discrepancies of parental depressive propensities with respect to parents’ gender and immigrant status were discussed. Overall, the postulation that paternal and maternal depressive tendencies exerted differing impact was partially upheld. Fathers with a history of depressed mood were more likely to rate their children's behaviors poorly, while these mothers were more likely to hold negative perception about their children's emotional expression. Immigrant parents of first-generation were less likely to perceive their children's behaviors negatively, but more likely to see their children's emotional expression in a negative light.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 07/2015; 8(4):1-18. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1034739
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a growing body of literature that discusses the stereotyped representations of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in film. Existing literature questions the integrity of filmic representations, listing stereotypes in image, formulaic plots, homogeneous archetypes and unrealistic relationships as a few of the contentious issues. This paper, the first to our knowledge, utilizes an empirical assessment tool, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS2), which is accepted and used by professionals working in the field of ASD, to analyse the character representations of ASD. Two independent raters from different professional backgrounds were able to accurately assess character portrayals from 15 films using the CARS2. Through this analysis, they were able to determine the distribution of filmic autism symptomology relative to the normal distribution of symptomology expected in the actual population with a diagnosis. The paper discusses the film-related findings, the implications and the educative potential of this exercise for practitioners.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 06/2015; 8(4):1-12. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1041993
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the empirical literature exploring the role of language switching in therapeutic engagement for bilingual therapists working with minority ethnic clients who share the same native language. The review identified three main themes of research focusing on: the training needs and professional development of bilingual therapists; the emotional aspects of language use; and the use of language switching and its perceived effects on the therapeutic process. The review indicates that language switching may be a useful therapeutic strategy for bilingual therapists when working with bilingual clients. Findings indicate how language switching may strengthen the therapeutic alliance and enhance client self-disclosure. They also highlight gaps in the training needs of bilingual therapists. Limitations of the reviewed studies are considered, with discrepancies in recruitment processes and sampling as prominent factors that have impacted upon the generalisability of findings. Recommendations and implications for future research and practice are discussed for language switching as a tool, which may prove valuable for bilingual therapists when accessing and engaging with diverse populations in the therapeutic domain.
    International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 06/2015; 8(4):1-20. DOI:10.1080/17542863.2015.1041994