Evolutionary Applications (EVOL APPL)

Publisher: Wiley Open Access

Journal description

Current impact factor: 3.90

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.896
2013 Impact Factor 4.569
2012 Impact Factor 4.153
2011 Impact Factor 4.916
2010 Impact Factor 5.145
2009 Impact Factor 4.744
2008 Impact Factor 0

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 4.56
Cited half-life 3.40
Immediacy index 2.01
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.82
ISSN 1752-4571
OCLC 316808120
Material type Document, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Wiley Open Access

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Creative Commons Attribution License
    • Authors retain copyright
    • On open access repositories and any website
    • Hosting site must incorporate publisher-supplied amendments or retractions issued
    • Published source must be acknowledged including article DOI
    • Articles published prior to 14 August 2012, are published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License or another License
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • All titles are open access journals
    • 'Wiley Open Access' is an imprint of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ blue

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pathogens are ubiquitous in insect populations and yet few studies examine their dynamics and impacts on host populations. We discuss four lepidopteran systems and explore their contributions to disease ecology and evolution. More specifically, we elucidate the role of pathogens in insect population dynamics. For three species, western tent caterpillars, African armyworm and introduced populations of gypsy moth, infection by nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) clearly regulates host populations or reduces their outbreaks. Transmission of NPV is largely horizontal although low levels of vertical transmission occur, and high levels of covert infection in some cases suggest that the virus can persist in a non-symptomatic form. The prevalence of a mostly vertically transmitted protozoan parasite, Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, in monarch butterflies is intimately related to their migratory behavior that culls highly infected individuals. Virulence and transmission are positively related among genotypes of this parasite. These systems clearly demonstrate that the interactions between insects and pathogens are highly context dependent. Not only is the outcome a consequence of changes in density and genetic diversity: environmental factors, particularly diet, can have strong impacts on virulence, transmission and host resistance or tolerance. What maintains the high level of host and pathogen diversity in these systems however, remains a question.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12328
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    ABSTRACT: A central question in evolutionary biology is how gene flow and natural selection shape geographic patterns of genotypic and phenotypic variation. My overall research program has pursued this question in tree populations through complementary lines of inquiry. First, through studies of contemporary pollen and seed movement, I have studied how limited gene movement creates fine-scale genetic structure, while long-distance gene flow promotes connectivity. My collaborators and I have provided new tools to study these processes at a landscape scale as well as statistical tests to determine whether changes in landscape conditions or dispersal vectors affect gene movement. Second, my research on spatial patterns of genetic variation has investigated the interacting impacts of geography and climate on gene flow and selection. Third, using next generation genomic tools, I am now studying genetic variation on the landscape to find initial evidence of climate-associated local adaptation and epigenetic variation to explore its role in plant response to the climate. By integrating these separate lines of inquiry, this research provides specific insight into real-world mechanisms shaping evolution in tree populations and potential impacts of landscape transformation and climate change on these populations, with the prospective goal of contributing to their management and conservation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12316
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    ABSTRACT: Research on the dynamics of biodiversity has progressed tremendously over recent years, though in two separate directions – ecological, to determine change over space at a given time, and evolutionary, to understand change over time. Integration of these approaches has remained elusive. Archipelagoes with a known geological chronology provide an opportunity to study ecological interactions over evolutionary time. Here, I focus on the Hawaiian archipelago and summarize the development of ecological, and evolutionary research; I emphasize spiders because they have attributes allowing analysis of ecological affinities in concert with diversification. Within this framework, I highlight recent insights from the island chronosequence, in particular the importance of (1) fusion and fission in fostering diversification; (2) variability upon which selection can act; and (3) selection and genetic drift in generating diversity. Insights into biodiversity dynamics at the nexus of ecology and evolution are now achievable by integrating new tools, in particular: (1) ecological metrics (interaction networks, maximum entropy inference) across the chronosequence to uncover community dynamics; and (2) genomic tools to understand contemporaneous microevolutionary change. The work can inform applications of invasion and restoration ecology by elucidating the importance of changes in abundances, interaction strengths, and rates of evolutionary response in shaping biodiversity.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12302
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    ABSTRACT: Most phenological traits are extremely sensitive to current climate change and advances in the timing of important life-history events have been observed in many species. In birds, phenotypic plasticity in response to temperature is thought to be the main mechanism underlying yearly adjustment in the timing of breeding. However, other factors could be important and interact to affect the levels of plastic responses between and/or within-individuals. Here we use long-term individual-based data on Tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) to identify the spatial and environmental drivers affecting plasticity in laying date and to assess their importance at both population and individual levels. We found that laying date has advanced by 4.2 days over 10 years, and that it was mainly influenced by latitude and an interaction between spring temperature and breeder density. Analyses of individual plasticity showed that increases in temperature, but not in breeder density, resulted in within-individual advances in laying date. Our results suggest that females can adjust their laying date as a function of temperature, but that this adjustment will be partly constrained in habitats with lower breeder densities. Such potential constraint is especially worrying for the broad array of species already declining as a result of climate change.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12315
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    ABSTRACT: The management of genes conferring resistance to plant pathogens should make it possible to control epidemics (epidemiological perspective) and preserve resistance durability (evolutionary perspective). Resistant and susceptible cultivars must be strategically associated according to the principles of cultivar mixture (within a season) and rotation (between seasons). We explored these questions by modeling the evolutionary and epidemiological processes shaping the dynamics of a pathogen population in a landscape composed of a seasonal cultivated compartment and a reservoir compartment hosting pathogen year-round. Optimal deployment strategies depended mostly on the molecular basis of plant-pathogen interactions and on the agro-ecological context before resistance deployment, particularly epidemic intensity and landscape connectivity. Mixtures were much more efficient in landscapes in which between-field infections and infections originating from the reservoir were more prevalent than within-field infections. Resistance genes requiring two mutations of the pathogen avriulence gene to be broken down, rather than one, were particularly useful when infections from the reservoir predominated. Combining mixture and rotation principles were better than the use of the same mixture each season as (i) they controlled epidemics more effectively in situations in which within-field infections or infections from the reservoir were frequent and (ii) they fulfilled the epidemiological and evolutionary perspectives.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12304
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    ABSTRACT: From cells to societies, several general principles arise again and again that facilitate cooperation and suppress conflict. In this paper, I describe three general principles of cooperation and how they operate across systems including human sharing, cooperation in animal and insect societies and the massively large-scale cooperation that occurs in our multicellular bodies. The first principle is that of Walk Away: that cooperation is enhanced when individuals can leave uncooperative partners. The second principle is that sharing of resources is often based on the need of the recipient (i.e. need-based transfers) rather than on strict account-keeping rules. And the last principle is that effective scaling up of cooperation requires increasingly sophisticated and costly cheater suppression mechanisms. By comparing how these principles operate across systems we can better understand the constraints on cooperation. This can facilitate the discovery of novel ways to enhance cooperation and suppress cheating in its many forms, from social exploitation to cancer.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12303
  • Source
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; 8(7):633-4. DOI:10.1111/eva.12292
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    ABSTRACT: Deciphering evolutionary processes occurring within contaminated populations is important for the ecological risk assessment of toxic chemicals. Whereas increased tolerance to contaminants is well documented in aquatic animal populations, whether such phenotypic changes occur through genetic adaptation is still debated. In that sense, several studies with the freshwater crustacean Gammarus concluded in a weak potential for genetic adaptation to cadmium (Cd), while others reported inheritable increased tolerance in Cd-contaminated populations. Using quantitative genetics and selection experiments, the present study sought to further assess the potential of Gammarus populations to genetically adapt to Cd. By combining the control of the reproductive cycle of this species in the laboratory and protocols of individual Cd exposure, we conducted half sib analyses to establish the genetic and environmental sources of variance in Cd-sensitivity of neonates. Prior to experiments, computations allowed optimizing the experimental design in order to increase the power to detect additive genetic variance. The main findings are the existence of strong between-brood variability along with weak heritability of Cd sensitivity within Gammarus populations. This study also revealed a significant maternal effect on individual Cd sensitivity. This sheds new light on the importance of maternal influence in micro-evolutionary processes occurring in contaminated environments.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Evolutionary Applications 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/eva.12327
  • Source
    Evolutionary Applications 07/2015; 8(6):525-6. DOI:10.1111/eva.12279