Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy (Ther Apher Dial )

Publisher: International Society for Apheresis; Nihon Afereshisu Gakkai; Nihon Tōseki Igakkai, Blackwell Publishing

Description

The value of apheresis treatment has been recognized in many fields of medicine. For this treatment to continue developing, it is imperative that doctors expand their knowledge of medicine, biology, biophysics, and engineering to refine their tools and techniques. Published quarterly, Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis is the primary source for the most up-to-date apheresis technologies and their clinical applications.

Impact factor 1.53

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    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.26
  • Cited half-life
    5.20
  • Immediacy index
    0.27
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.34
  • Website
    Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis website
  • Other titles
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis (Online), Ther Apher Dial
  • ISSN
    1744-9987
  • OCLC
    52766989
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Blackwell Publishing

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    • 'Blackwell Publishing' is an imprint of 'Wiley'
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    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • Satoshi Hamanoue, Junichi Hoshino, Tatsuya Suwabe, Yuji Marui, Toshiharu Ueno, Koichi Kikuchi, Ryo Hazue, Koki Mise, Masahiro Kawada, Aya Imafuku, Noriko Hayami, Keiichi Sumida, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Kennmei Takaichi, Yoshifumi Ubara
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the influence of kidney volume (KV) and liver volume (LV) on continuation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Twenty-two PKD patients on PD were retrospectively investigated after being divided into two groups. Group 1 comprised 15 patients who started PD at our hospital and group 2 was composed of seven patients referred from other hospitals for treatment of renomegaly by transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) at 47.1 ± 21.8 months after commencing PD. In group 1, KV for both kidneys (mean ± SD) was 2787 ± 1945 mL (range: 1043 to 6816 mL), LV was 2198 ± 1139 mL (1005 to 4116 mL), and the total organ volume (TV = KV + LV) was 4985 ± 1815 mL (2320 to 8912 mL). In the patient with the largest TV from group 1 (KV of 6816 mL, TV of 8912 mL, and TV/BMI ratio of 426, PD was stopped due to dialysate leakage. However, dialysate leakage did not occur in the other 14 patients (TV ≦ 7963 mL and TV/BMI ratio of 353 at the start of PD). In group 2, KV was 5822 ± 1597 mL (3832 to 8862 mL), LV was 1776 ± 519 mL (1271 to 2671 mL), and TV was 7597 ± 1431 mL (5505 to 10358) before TAE. Leakage of dialysate did not occur with a mean infusion volume of 1530 ± 370 mL (1000 mL to 2000 mL), even after renomegaly and hepatomegaly progressed to the maximum TV/BMI ratio of 359. Six patients from the two groups developed new abdominal hernias at 36 ± 5 months (6–55 months) after starting PD. These findings suggest that performance of PD may be limited by renomegaly and hepatomegaly in patients with PKD.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 02/2015;
  • Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The aging population is anticipated to have a large impact on the number of incident dialysis patients, as the risk of end-stage kidney disease increases with age. This study aimed to examine trends in the sex- and age-specific incidence rates of dialysis between 2008 and 2012, and to assess the impact of population aging on the number of incident dialysis patients over the next decade in Japan. Incidence was calculated using published data and Japan's population statistics. The 2012 incidence was extrapolated, and projected future demographic changes within the Japanese population were used to estimate the number of incident dialysis patients in 2020 and 2025. As a general trend, the sex- and age-specific incidence rates of dialysis decreased gradually between 2008 and 2012, except among men aged ≥80 years. The total number of incident dialysis patients was projected to increase by 12.8% from 36 590 in 2012 to 41 270 in 2025. Greater increases were observed in the oldest age group (≥85 years). In 2025, the number of incident dialysis patients in this group was projected to increase by 92.6% in men and 62.2% in women. This study shows the number of patients who initiate dialysis treatment is projected to increase over the next decade in Japan due to aging of the population. Effective strategies are needed to offset the challenges faced by the aging population, with a particular focus on octogenarians and older, given the notable proportion of patients requiring dialysis treatment in the future.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
  • Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Whilst prolonging hemofilter (circuit) life, heparin increases bleeding risk. The impact of achieved activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) on circuit life and bleeding risk has not been assessed in a modern critically ill cohort. Lowering filtration fraction may be an alternative means of prolonging circuit life, but is often overlooked in critical care. An observational study of 309 consecutive circuits in a general intensive care unit was conducted using a wide target APTT range. Multilevel modeling was used to predict circuit life and bleeding according to achieved APTT and filtration fraction. Independent predictors of circuit failure (i.e. unplanned ending of treatment) included filtration fraction (P < 0.001, HR 1.07 per 1% increase), peak APTT (P < 0.001, HR 0.8 per 10 s increase or 0.3 APTR increase) and baseline PT (P = 0.014, HR 0.91 for every 50% increase). The only significant predictor of bleeding was peak APTT (P = 0.017, OR 1.05 per 10 s increase). Every 10 s APTT increase was associated with a 20% reduction in circuit failure, but a 5% increase in hemorrhage. A 3% reduction in filtration fraction was associated with the same improvement in circuit life as a 10 s increase in APTT. Increasing APTT prolongs circuit life but carries a substantial risk of bleeding even in modern practice. Filtration fraction has a large impact on circuit life in the critically ill: a 3% reduction in filtration fraction, e.g. by increasing blood flow or delivering some of the clearance via dialysis, would be expected to reduce circuit failure as much as a 10 s increase in APTT.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
  • Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The use of vitamin D receptor activators (VDRAs) is an independent predictor of a lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined whether the use of VDRAs and other CKD-mineral bone disorder (MBD)-related factors are associated with incident CVD or death after CVD in hemodialysis patients. This is a historical cohort study of 37 690 prevalent hemodialysis patients without previous history of CVD at the end of 2004 extracted from a nationwide registry in Japan. The key exposure was the use of VDRAs, and the outcomes were incident CVD (myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, and sudden death) and death after CVD during the 1-year follow-up. VDRAs were used in 57% of the subjects at baseline. We identified 2433 patients with incident CVD and 397 deaths after the events. In multivariate logistic regression models, independent predictors of incident CVD were non-use of VDRA, higher intact PTH, non-use of calcium-based phosphate-binder, and non-use of non-calcium-based phosphate binder. Risk of death after CVD was not significantly associated with VDRA, whereas it was lower in those with lower corrected calcium, and the risk was higher in those with higher phosphate and in non-users of calcium-based phosphate binders. The use of VDRAs was associated with a lower risk of incident CVD but not with death after CVD in this large cohort of hemodialysis patients. The CKD-MBD-related predictors of poor outcomes are associated with the risk of incident CVD, the risk of death after CVD, or both.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Many hemodialysis clinicians have noticed that patients frequently develop intradialytic hypotension (IDH) immediately after cardiac catheterization (CC). However, precise data about the incidence of IDH immediately after CC are scarce. This study involved a single-center, retrospective, cross-sectional design. We reviewed the medical records of all HD patients who underwent CC between January 2009 and March 2012 at Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital. IDH was defined as a fall of systolic blood pressure of more than 20 mm Hg or a fall of mean blood pressure of more than 10 mm Hg, with symptoms according to the K/DOQI criteria. Data on a total of 112 patients were obtained: 64 patients commenced HD immediately after CC (IA group) and 48 patients underwent HD on the day after CC (ND group). The overall incidence of IDH was 34% (38/112). The incidence of IDH was significantly higher in the IA group than in the ND group (27/64, 42% vs. 11/48, 23%; P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IA (odds ratio, 5.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.76 to 16.49; P < 0.01), coronary stenosis (odds ratio, 4.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.49 to 11.64; P < 0.05) were independently associated with IDH. This study revealed that HD immediately after CC is associated with a higher incidence of IDH. Clinicians should consider that HD following CC be scheduled for the next day, especially in patients with coronary stenosis.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Acetate in standard acetate-containing bicarbonate (AC) dialysis fluid could induce peripheral vasodilatation, suppression of myocardial function, and inflammatory cytokine production, resulting in intradialytic hypotension in conventional hemodialysis (HD) patients. Online hemodiafiltration (HDF) provides superior hemodynamic stability over HD. The potentially additive hemodynamic benefits of the novel acetate-free bicarbonate (AF) dialysis fluid in online HDF have never been explored before. The present randomized, double-blind, crossover study was conducted in 22 online HDF patients to investigate the impact of AF dialysis fluid on hemodynamic and cytokine changes compared with AC dialysis fluid in online HDF. The results demonstrated the comparable changes of arterial pressure between AF and AC online HDF. During the study periods, the incidences of composite intradialytic hypotension and other adverse events were not different. The baseline and hourly changes of cardiac index, cardiac output, and peripheral vascular resistance during dialysis were comparable (P = 0.534, 0.199, and 0.641, respectively). The percent reductions of NT-proBNP and cTnT were not significantly different (72.6 ± 12.3 vs. 72.6 ± 12.8%, P = 0.99 and 35.2 ± 12.8 vs. 36.7 ± 12.0%, P = 0.51). The changes of all pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-2β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) during dialysis were comparable between both groups. In conclusion, AF dialysis solution does not offer additional hemodynamic benefit for stable online HDF patients. The hemodynamic stability provided by online HDF might protect the adverse effects of acetate.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of repetitive IgE immunoadsorption (IA) cycles in severe atopic dermatitis (AD) with high serum IgE levels. A total of seven patients with severe AD with a history of no significant or longterm Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) reduction and total serum IgE levels >700 IU/mL were enrolled. The patients received one to five series of IA (Ig-Therasorb adsorber columns; Miltenyi Biotec, Teterow, Germany) each consisting of five consecutive treatments which were performed on a monthly regimen. Overall, one patient received one, two patients two, one patient three, two patients four and one patient five cycles of IA. IA was well tolerated in all the studied AD patients and led to a significant decrease of SCORAD and IgE levels during each IA cycle in all the patients. The relative decrease of SCORAD and serum IgE levels after treatment was 11.1% and 80%, respectively, after five immunoadsorption series, 24.1% and 83.6%, respectively, after four series, 37.6% and 75.9%, respectively, after three series, 27.9% and 74.2%, respectively, after two series, and 25.1% and 74.8% after the 1st IA cycle. One of the patients exhibited a long lasting clinical benefit over more than 12 months after the 5th IA cycle. Repetitive IA with more than two cycles at intervals of 4 weeks induces a profound and persisting IgE reduction which is remarkable clinical efficacy improving SCORAD in severe AD with high serum IgE levels.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Accelerated formation and tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), reflecting cumulative glycemic and oxidative stress, occurs in age-related and chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus (DM) and renal failure, and contributes to vascular damage. Skin autofluorescence (AFR), a noninvasive measurement method, reflects tissue accumulation of AGEs. AFR has been reported to be an independent predictor of mortality in Caucasian hemodialysis patients. We assessed the relationship between levels of AFR and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and clarified the prognostic usefulness of skin AFR levels in Asian (non-Caucasian) hemodialysis (HD) patients. AFR was measured with an autofluorescence reader in 64 HD patients. Overall and cardiovascular mortality was monitored prospectively during the 3-year follow-up. During follow-up, CVD events occurred in 21 patients. The deaths of 10 HD patients were associated with CVD. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that initial AFR was an independent risk factor for de novo CVD in HD patients with or without diabetes. When patients were classified on the basis of AFR tertiles, Cochran-Armitage analysis demonstrated that the highest tertile of AFR level showed an increased odds ratio for the prevalence of CVD. These findings suggest that AFR levels can be used to detect the prevalence of CVD in HD patients with or without diabetes. © 2014 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2014 International Society for Apheresis.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant DNA methylation is an emerging characteristic of chronic kidney disease including dialysis patients. It appears to be associated to inflammation. We compared the global DNA methylation status in 10 control subjects compared to 80 dialysis patients (N = 40 on-line hemodiafiltration, N = 40 high-flux hemodialysis) in relation to the dialysis technique and inflammation. Whole blood DNA methylation was assessed with a 5-mc DNA enzyme linked immunosorbent assay Kit. Global DNA methylation was higher in hemodialysis (HD) compared to on-line hemodiafiltration (HDF) patients (0.045 vs. 0.039; P < 0.0001) and controls (0.045 vs. 0.0284; P = 0.0002 for HD; 0.039 vs. 0.0284; P = 0.0254 for on-line HDF). To study the influence of the dialysis technique on DNA methylation we divided dialysis patients according to the median value of 5-mC. DNA methylation was highest in inflamed patients on hemodialysis. The dialysis technique was the only independent predictor of global DNA methylation in dialysis patients. On-line HDF could be associated with a favorable DNA methylation profile.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) has now demonstrated some benefits in reducing mortality. It seems that rising convective volumes improve the outcomes, but the risks of it, such as albumin leakage, are not well defined yet. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the albumin leakage using two different filters with 20 and 30 L of post-dilution OL-HDF. In this cross-sectional study, 20 prevalent patients receiving post-dilution OL-HDL were included. We analyzed two dialyzers: FX1000, FMC and Polyflux 210H, Gambro. During four consecutive dialysis sessions, monitors were programmed using control-volume to obtain 20 or 30 L with both dialyzers. We collected albumin samples of the effluent at 5, 15, 30, 45 and 60 min and performed area under the curve (AUC) determinations for evaluating the losses. Mean patient age was 60 ± 9 years, and 70% were men. Albumin leakage was significant higher with Polyflux 210H when compared to FX 1000 FMC. A convective volume of 30 L produced greater albumin leakage than 20 L with both filters, though only with the FX 1000 FMC was it significant (minimum albumin leakage during first hour with FX 1000 FMC 20 L: 79.2 [0.0-175.7] mg; 30 liters: 403.3 [63.5-960.7] mg; with PF 210 Gambro 20 L: 869.1 [420.0-3214.7] mg; 30 L: 1841.7 [443.8-3417.5] mg). During OL-HDF, convective transport causes albumin leakage at least during the first hour. The albumin concentration in the effluent differs according to the type of filter used and the convective volume.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: From the 1980s, extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) has been shown to be effective in a variety of pathological conditions such as erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, autoimmune diseases, solid organ allograft rejection and graft versus host disease. To date, ECP represents a non-aggressive immune modulatory therapy with a low spectrum of toxicity. ECP reduces the alloreactivity promoting the immune tolerance to self. At the same time, it allows the maintenance of immune response integrity of both naive and memory T-cells. However, the molecular mechanisms of action by which ECP exerts its therapeutic activity are still under investigation. Here, we review molecular mechanisms and clinical applications involved in ECP. The outcome of ECP is difficult due to the lack of reliable predictor factors for the selection of patients and their adequate follow-up. Since the study of such predictors is important, we also describe some biological markers that enable us to investigate the clinical management of the patients considered for the use of ECP.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B surface antigen is widely used in hepatitis B virus surveillance; patients who test negative for the antigen are judged to be uninfected. However, occult hepatitis B virus infection has been confirmed with hepatitis B virus DNA at low levels in the liver and peripheral blood in patients positive for hepatitis B core antibody or hepatitis B surface antibody, even if they test negative for hepatitis B surface antigen. To investigate the prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus in hemodialysis patients, we performed cross-sectional analysis of 161 hemodialysis patients in two related institutions for hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B core antibody, and hepatitis B surface antibody. Hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B core antibody, or hepatitis B surface antibody was present in 45 patients (28.0%). Hepatitis B virus DNA was present in six patients (3.7%), all of whom also tested positive for hepatitis B core antibody. Hepatitis B surface antibody positivity was unrelated in only one of the six patients. Four of the six patients were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen; however, two (1.3%) of these with occult hepatitis B virus infection were found to be hepatitis B surface antigen negative. Occult hepatitis B virus infection may be missed in hepatitis B virus surveillance using hepatitis B surface antigen alone; therefore, routine hepatitis B core antibody screening is necessary. Patients who test positive for hepatitis B core antibody should undergo further hepatitis B virus DNA testing to enable accurate hepatitis B virus screening.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We would establish a construct of dialysis patients' satisfaction and identify their contribution to overall satisfaction. We also seek to identify present satisfaction levels of Japanese dialysis patients and some important characteristics of their satisfaction/dissatisfaction. A self-administered questionnaire for measuring dialysis patient satisfaction was developed, which comprised 32 closed-ended satisfaction question items that were facet-specific, three items on overall satisfaction, four items on respondent's health status and quality of life as well as demographic information. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire was verified. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted between July and September 2013. A total of 807 valid responses (63% of response rate) were collected from dialysis patients in 22 facilities located in most regions of Japan. Seven satisfaction factors were derived with 65% of cumulative variance accounted for by applying principal component analysis to responses to facet-specific satisfaction items. More than 80% of patients expressed positive overall satisfaction and they wished to continue dialysis therapy in the current facility (they can change dialysis facilities if they wish to). Dialysis patients' overall satisfaction was formulated significantly by five out of seven satisfaction factors by regression analysis. Japanese dialysis patients expressed their high satisfaction with and strong loyalty to the facility where they currently receive dialysis therapy (i.e., patient loyalty). The more satisfied dialysis patients were with the facility, the stronger loyalty they would like to maintain. The overall satisfaction was critically determined by their satisfaction with clinical environment, equipment, treatment and therapy. In addition, patients' quality of life was highly associated with their overall satisfaction.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
  • Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Epoetin beta pegol is a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) with a long half-life. Although CERA has been shown to maintain adequate hemoglobin (Hb) levels at prolonged dosing intervals, the optimal dosing schedule remains unclear. We therefore compared the efficacy of maintaining hemoglobin levels with administration of twice-monthly CERA (TWICE) versus once-monthly CERA (ONCE). Twenty hemodialysis patients receiving epoetin beta (EPO) were enrolled in this crossover study. Patients were assigned to either the TWICE or the ONCE group based on matching Hb levels and EPO doses. After 6 months of treatment, the CERA dosage was interchanged between the groups and the study was continued for an additional 6 months. The effect of the different regimens on iron metabolism was also assessed during the first 6 months of the study. Hb levels significantly increased in the TWICE group, allowing for a reduction in CERA dosage, while the dose of CERA required to maintain Hb levels in the ONCE group remained unchanged. After the interchange, a decrease in Hb levels with incremental increase in CERA dosage was observed in the TWICEONCE group, with the opposite effect observed in the ONCETWICE group. Although increases in ferritin and hepcidin-25 levels in the ONCE group were noted at one month, they disappeared at 6 months. Although Hb levels were maintained in both the ONCE and TWICE groups, a twice-monthly administration was advantageous, as it required a lower dose of CERA.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Avian influenza A (H7N9) is a severe disease with high mortality. Hypercytokinemia is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis. This study was to investigate the efficiency of plasma exchange (PE) + continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) on the removal of inflammatory mediators and their benefits in the management of fluid overload and metabolic disturbance. In total, 40 H7N9-infected patients were admitted to our hospital. Sixteen critically ill H7N9-infected patients received combination of PE and CVVH. Data from these 16 patients were collected and analyzed. The effects of PE + CVVH on plasma cytokine/chemokine levels and clinical outcomes were examined. H7N9-infected patients had increased plasma levels compared to healthy controls. After 3 h of PE + CVVH treatment, the cytokine/chemokine levels descended remarkably to lower levels and were maintained thereafter. PE + CVVH also benefited the management of fluid, cardiovascular dysfunction and metabolic disturbance. Of the 16 critically ill patients who received PE + CVVH, 10 patients survived. PE + CVVH decreased the plasma cytokine/chemokine levels significantly. PE + CVVH were also beneficial to the management of severe avian influenza A (H7N9).
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of three different blood purification methods, hemoperfusion (HP), continuous blood purification (CBP), and on-line high-volume hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF), on the survival rate of patients with acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (ASOPP), as well as on major pro-inflammatory (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α]) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines in the serum. Eighty-one ASOPP patients were randomly divided into three groups: HP (N = 23), HP + CBP (N = 26), HP + OL-HD (N = 32). Serum IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 levels were assessed by ELISA before treatment and at 24 and 48 h post-treatment and survival rates were determined. Patient survival rate was significantly higher in OL-HDF and CBP treated patients compared with HP group (P < 0.05). A significantly greater clearance effect in serum IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α levels at 24 and 48 h post-treatment was observed in CBP and OL-HDF groups compared with the HP group (P < 0.05). The levels of serum anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 increased significantly in CBP and OL-HDF groups compared with the HP group (P < 0.05 at 48 h post-treatment). In addition, OL-HDF treatment achieved similar changes in serum TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6 and IL-10 levels as CBP (P > 0.05). Compared with the HP method, CBP or OL-HDF combined with HP can rapidly clear inflammatory cytokines, reduce systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and improve the survival of ASOPP patients. Compared with CBP, OL-HDF is an economical and effective method to treat ASOPP with less technical difficulty and more suitability for rural areas and primary hospitals.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 11/2014;