Expert Review of Vaccines

Publisher: Expert Reviews

Journal description

Current impact factor: 4.22

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 4.217
2012 Impact Factor 4.219
2011 Impact Factor 4.251
2010 Impact Factor 4.145
2009 Impact Factor 4.214
2008 Impact Factor 2.979
2007 Impact Factor 2.111

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.67
Cited half-life 3.60
Immediacy index 0.79
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.09
ISSN 1744-8395

Publisher details

Expert Reviews

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • On a non-profit server
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
    • 'Expert Reviews (formerly Future Drugs)' is an imprint of 'Informa Healthcare'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The available vaccines against human papillomavirus have some limitations such as low coverage due to their high cost, reduced immune coverage and the lack of therapeutic effects. Recombinant vaccines produced in plants (genetically engineered using stable or transient expression systems) offer the possibility to obtain low cost, efficacious and easy to administer vaccines. The status on the development of plant-based vaccines against human papillomavirus is analyzed and placed in perspective in this review. Some candidates have been characterized at a preclinical level with interesting outcomes. However, there is a need to perform the immunological characterization of several vaccine prototypes, especially through the oral administration route, as well as develop new candidates based on new chimeric designs intended to provide broader immunoprotection and therapeutic activity.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 04/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1037744
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    ABSTRACT: Conventional wisdom suggests that if there is a vaccine that is effective in preventing a disease, vaccine uptake will increase when the disease risk is high. Recent evidence, however, suggests that this may not always be the case. In a study we conducted in Washington State, we found no population-level increase in pertussis vaccination of infants during a pertussis epidemic. In this paper, we aim to review what is known about the history of vaccine uptake during epidemics of vaccine-preventable disease, the challenges facing public health campaigns responding to these epidemics, and how the effect of a vaccine-preventable disease epidemic on vaccine uptake can be studied.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 04/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1037289
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    ABSTRACT: To increase the protective efficacy against influenza in pediatric populations, several attempts to modify the composition or the route of administration of an inactivated influenza vaccine have been made. Adjuvants have been added, vaccines with higher antigen content have been developed and intradermal administration of inactivated influenza vaccine with a variety of devices has been considered. Such attempts to develop universal influenza vaccines will continue to be made. For some time, the knowledge that the licensed influenza vaccines induce strain-specific immunity and may have low efficacy in unexpected outbreaks of new epidemic strains has motivated the development of preparations with broader and longer-lasting protection. Ideally, children would be included early in the evaluation of the efficacy of new vaccines to avoid lengthy delays in making the protection available to this vulnerable population. Moreover, further studies to clarify definitively whether protection of infants <6 months of age can be obtained through vaccination of the pregnant woman have to be performed.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 04/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1037290
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    ABSTRACT: Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) has been available as a trivalent formulation in the EU since 2012. Influenza B strains from two lineages have co-circulated outside Asia in Europe, Israel and North America since the early 2000s. The trivalent vaccine contained a single influenza B lineage virus chosen primarily on the basis of the previous year’s circulating lineage. Failure to align the vaccine virus with the circulating virus leaves even vaccinated patients, particularly children, at risk for infection with B viruses from the other lineage. Recently, a tetravalent formulation was approved and use will begin during the 2014–2015 influenza season. Approval of LAIV Tetra was based on the established efficacy and safety of trivalent LAIV and studies demonstrating similar immunogenicity between the trivalent and tetravalent vaccines. Addition of a fourth strain to the vaccine will address the issue of co-circulation of influenza B viruses and provide a broader range of protection.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 04/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1034695
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the protective efficacy of a DNA vaccine encoding Toxoplasma gondii rhoptry protein 5 (ROP5) and GRA15 antigens. We constructed eukaryotic plasmids expressing pVAX-ROP5 and pVAX-GRA15, and measured the immune responses to these DNA vaccines. Kunming mice immunized with pVAX-ROP5 or pVAX-GRA15 showed significantly increased serum IgG2a titers; Th1 responses association with the production of IFN-γ, IL-2, IL12 p40 and IL-12 p70; cell-mediated cytotoxic activity with increased frequencies of IFN-γ secreting CD8(+) T cells (CD8(+) IFN-γ+ T cells), as well as prolonged survival time (19.4 ± 4.9 days for ROP5; 17.8 ± 3.8 days for GRA15) and brain cyst reduction (57.4% for ROP5; 65.9% for GRA15) compared to control mice. Co-administration with pVAX-ROP5 and pVAX-GRA15 boosted the cellular and humoral immune responses, and significantly increased cyst reduction (79%) and prolonged the survival of immunized mice (22.7 ± 7.2 days). Co-immunization of pVAX-ROP5 and pVAX-GRA15 increase the protective efficacy.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 04/2015; 14(4):617-24. DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1011133
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    ABSTRACT: Despite three decades of intensive research efforts, the development of an effective prophylactic vaccine against HIV remains an unrealized goal in the global campaign to contain the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Recent characterization of novel epitopes for inducing broadly neutralizing antibodies has fueled research in the design and synthesis of new, well-defined antigenic constructs for the development of HIV envelope-directed vaccines. The present review will cover previous and recent efforts toward the design of synthetic vaccines based on the HIV viral envelope glycoproteins, with special emphasis on examples from our own laboratories. The biological evaluation of some of the most representative vaccine candidates, in terms of their antigenicity and immunogenicity, will also be discussed to illustrate the current state-of-the-art toward the development of fully synthetic HIV vaccines.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 03/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1027690
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    ABSTRACT: There are two major limitations to vaccine preparedness in the event of devastating influenza pandemics: the time needed to generate a vaccine and rapid generation of sufficient amounts. DNA vaccination could represent a solution to these problems, but efficacy needs to be enhanced. In a separate line of research, it has been established that targeting of vaccine molecules to antigen-presenting cells enhances immune responses. We have combined the two principles by constructing DNA vaccines that encode bivalent fusion proteins; these target hemagglutinin to MHC class II molecules on antigen-presenting cells. Such DNA vaccines rapidly induce hemagglutinin-specific antibodies and T cell responses in immunized mice. Responses are long-lasting and protect mice against challenge with influenza virus. In a pandemic situation, targeted DNA vaccines could be produced and tested within a month. The novel DNA vaccines could represent a solution to pandemic preparedness in the advent of novel influenza pandemics.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 03/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1029919
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, public health authorities in industrialized countries have noted an increase in the numbers of parents choosing not to have their children vaccinated and in the activities of 'antivaccination' movements. Doubts about vaccine safety and lack of surveillance of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) are the most frequent themes proposed by antivaccination movements. This editorial aims to critically analyze the use of AEFI assessment procedures among national health authorities and public health researchers. In fact, the WHO recommended and published a systematic and standardized causality assessment process for serious AEFI, providing a method for individual causality assessment to be used by staff of national immunization programs, regulatory authorities and pharmacovigilance or surveillance departments. The last update was published in March 2013 but to date, an Internet search reveals no information or reports on AEFI surveillance that uses the WHO AEFI causality assessment.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 03/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1029460
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a dominant component of the Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane, is a strong activator of the innate immune system, and thereby an important determinant in the adaptive immune response following bacterial infection. This adjuvant activity can be harnessed following immunization with bacteria-derived vaccines that naturally contain LPS, and when LPS or molecules derived from it are added to purified vaccine antigens. However, the downside of the strong biological activity of LPS is its ability to contribute to vaccine reactogenicity. Modification of the LPS structure allows triggering of a proper immune response needed in a vaccine against a particular pathogen while at the same time lowering its toxicity. Extensive modifications to the basic structure are possible by using our current knowledge of bacterial genes involved in LPS biosynthesis and modification. This review focuses on biosynthetic engineering of the structure of LPS and implications of these modifications for generation of safe adjuvants.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 03/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1026808
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    ABSTRACT: The current status of therapeutic vaccines for autoimmune diseases is reviewed with rheumatoid arthritis as the focus. Therapeutic vaccines for autoimmune diseases must regulate or subdue responses to common self-antigens. Ideally, such a vaccine would initiate an antigen-specific modulation of the T-cell immune response that drives the inflammatory disease. Appropriate animal models and types of T helper cells and signature cytokine responses that drive autoimmune disease are also discussed. Interpretation of these animal models must be done cautiously because the means of initiation, autoantigens, and even the signature cytokine and T helper cell (Th1 or Th17) responses that are involved in the disease may differ significantly from those in humans. We describe ligand epitope antigen presentation system vaccine modulation of T-cell autoimmune responses as a strategy for the design of therapeutic vaccines for rheumatoid arthritis, which may also be effective in other autoimmune conditions.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 03/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1026330
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    ABSTRACT: Rabies poses a threat to more than 3.3 billion people worldwide and is estimated to cause about 60,000 deaths a year. However, according to the WHO, it is still one of the most neglected diseases in developing countries. Human rabies vaccinations are critical components of pre-exposure and post-exposure prophylaxis. Rabipur, the first purified chick embryo cell-culture vaccine, was licensed in Germany in 1984, and later in more than 60 countries worldwide. The immunogenicity, efficacy and safety of Rabipur have been assessed in numerous clinical trials in pre- and post-exposure regimens, using both intramuscular and intradermal routes of administration. The trial populations have involved adults and children, including healthy volunteers and individuals bitten by laboratory-proven rabid animals, malnourished children and immunocompromised individuals. Extensive, worldwide clinical experience with Rabipur over the past 30 years has shown the vaccine to be immunogenic, effective and generally well tolerated.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 03/2015; 14(3):351-67. DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1011134
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    ABSTRACT: With the successful development of meningococcal vaccines against other serogroups, disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B now accounts for a disproportionate frequency compared with other serogroups, particularly in the US and Europe. Infants and adolescents bear the highest incidence of disease, which typically manifests as meningitis and septicemia. This vaccine profile article examines a bivalent factor H binding protein (fHbp; also known as LP2086) vaccine that has now been approved by the US FDA for use in 10- to 25-year olds. The manufacturer has shelved plans for further investigation of its use in infants because of high rates of fever in Phase I and II trials in that age group.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1015997
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    ABSTRACT: Neisseria meningitidis is a leading cause of meningitis and sepsis worldwide. The first broad-spectrum multicomponent vaccine against serogroup B meningococcus (MenB), 4CMenB (Bexsero(®)), was approved by the EMA in 2013, for prevention of MenB disease in all age groups, and by the US FDA in January 2015 for use in adolescents. A second protein-based MenB vaccine has also been approved in the USA for adolescents (rLP2086, Trumenba(®)). Both vaccines contain the lipoprotein factor H-binding protein (fHbp). Preclinical studies demonstrated that fHbp elicits a robust bactericidal antibody response that correlates with the amount of fHbp expressed on the bacterial surface. fHbp is able to selectively bind human factor H, the key regulator of the alternative complement pathway, and this has important implications both for meningococcal pathogenesis and for vaccine design. Here, we review the functional and structural properties of fHbp, the strategies that led to the design of the two fHbp-based vaccines and the data generated during clinical studies.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1016915
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    ABSTRACT: Through the continuous efforts of several generations, China has become one of the few countries in the world that is capable of independently addressing all the requirements by the Expanded Program on Immunization. Regulatory science is applied to continuously improve the vaccine regulatory system. Passing the prequalification by WHO has allowed Chinese vaccine products to go global. Chinese vaccine products not only secure disease prevention and control domestically but also serve the needs for international public health. This article describes the history of Chinese vaccine development, the current situation of Chinese vaccine industry and its contribution to the prevention and control of infectious diseases. We also share our experience of national quality control and vaccine regulation during the past decades. China's experience in vaccine development and quality control can benefit other countries and regions worldwide, including the developing countries.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1012503
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that cellular immune response is relevant to fight against tuberculosis (TB); hence, identification of mycobacterial antigens that induce a protective immune cellular response is of great interest, especially for the development of effective TB vaccines. Genomic data have an impact on the identification of potential antigens as new vaccine targets. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the advances in new TB vaccine designs as well as the features reported for the pro-glu_polymorphic GC-rich sequence (PE_PGRS33) protein, considering this molecule as a prototype of the PE_PGRS family to better understand the biological function of this protein family that could be considered an ideal target for future vaccine design.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1015995
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading fatal infectious disease to which the current BCG vaccine has a questionable efficacy in adults. Thus, the development of improved vaccines against TB is needed. In addition, decreasing the cost of vaccine formulations is required for broader vaccination coverage through global vaccination programs. In this regard, the use of plants as biofactories and delivery vehicles of TB vaccines has been researched over the last decade. These studies are systematically analyzed in the present review and placed in perspective. It is considered that substantial preclinical trials are still required to address improvements in expression levels as well as immunological data. Approaches for testing additional antigenic configurations with higher yields and improved immunogenic properties are also discussed.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1015996
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    ABSTRACT: The Human Vaccines Project is a bold new initiative, with the goal of solving the principal scientific problem impeding vaccine development for infectious diseases and cancers: the generation of specific, broad, potent and durable immune responses in humans. In the July 2014 workshop, 20 leaders from the public and private sectors came together to give input on strategic business issues for the creation of the Human Vaccines Project. Participants recommended the Project to be established as a nonprofit public-private partnership, structured as a global R&D consortium closely engaged with industrial partners, and located/affiliated with one or more major academic centers conducting vaccine R&D. If successful, participants concluded that the Project could greatly accelerate the development of new and improved vaccines, with the potential to transform disease prevention in the 21st century.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1013466
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    ABSTRACT: The identification and characterization of cytokine isoforms is likely to provide critical important new insight into immunobiology. Cytokine isoforms can provide additional diversity to their complex biological effects that participate in control and protection against different foreign pathogens. Recently, IL-33 has been identified as a proinflammatory cytokine having several different biologically active isoform products. Originally associated with Th2 immunity, new evidence now supports the role of two IL-33 isoforms to facilitate the generation of protective Th1 and CD8 T cell immunity against specific pathogens. Therefore, a better understanding of the IL-33 isoforms will inform us on how to utilize them to facilitate their development as tools as vaccine adjuvants for immune therapy.
    Expert Review of Vaccines 02/2015; DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.1011135