Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications (ACTA CRYSTALLOGR F )

Publisher: International Union of Crystallography, International Union of Crystallography

Journal description

Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications aims to provide a home for communications on the crystallization and structure determination of biological macromolecules.

Current impact factor: 0.57

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.568
2012 Impact Factor 0.552
2011 Impact Factor 0.506
2010 Impact Factor 0.563
2009 Impact Factor 0.551
2008 Impact Factor 0.606
2007 Impact Factor 0.645

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.49
Cited half-life 3.50
Immediacy index 0.22
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.18
Website Acta Crystallographica Section F website
Other titles Acta crystallographica. Section F, Structural biology and crystallization communications, Structural biology and crystallization communications online, (IUCr) structural biology and crystallization communications online
ISSN 1744-3091
OCLC 56932079
Material type Document, Newspaper, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

International Union of Crystallography

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website, employer's website, employer's repository, or subject-based repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used (authorised electronic re-print) (preferred)
    • Publisher's version/PDF (authorised electronic re-print) on PubMed Central and related servers
    • Pre-print must acknowledge submission to journal
    • Must link to publisher version on IUCr server
    • Published source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Publisher last contacted on 23/04/2014
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of human adipocyte fatty-acid binding protein (FABP4) has been proposed as a treatment for type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis. However, FABP4 displays a naturally low selectivity towards hydrophobic ligands, leading to the possibility of side effects arising from cross-inhibition of other FABP isoforms. In a search for structural determinants of ligand-binding selectivity, the binding of FABP4 towards a group of small molecules structurally related to the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen was analyzed through X-ray crystallography. Several specific hydrophobic interactions are shown to enhance the binding affinities of these compounds, whereas an aromatic edge-to-face interaction is proposed to determine the conformation of bound ligands, highlighting the importance of aromatic interactions in hydrophobic environments.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(2):163-170.
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    ABSTRACT: Violacein, a natural purple secondary metabolite, is sequentially biosynthesized by five enzymes in the following pathway: VioA-VioB-VioE-VioD-VioC. VioD, a flavin-dependent oxygenase, catalyzes the hydroxylation of the intermediate product prodeoxyviolaceinic acid (PVA) at the 5-position of one indole ring to yield proviolacein. In vitro biochemical data have revealed this process, but the catalytic mechanism still remains largely unclear. Here, the cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and diffraction of VioD are reported. Crystals of VioD diffracted to 1.7 Å resolution and belonged to space group P31, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 90.0, c = 94.5 Å, α = β = 90, γ = 120°. Solvent-content calculation and molecular-replacement results suggest the presence of two molecules of VioD in the asymmetric unit.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):149-52.
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    ABSTRACT: A construct containing the CBM22-1-CBM22-2 tandem forming the N-terminal domain of Paenibacillus barcinonensis xylanase 10C (Xyn10C) has been purified and crystallized. A xylan-binding function and an affinity for mixed β-1,3/β-1,4 glucans have previously been demonstrated for some members of the CBM22 family. The sequence of the tandem is homologous to the N-terminal domains found in several thermophilic enzymes. Crystals of this tandem were grown by the streak-seeding method after a long optimization strategy. The structure has been determined by molecular replacement to a resolution of 2.43 Å and refinement is under way. This study represents the first structure containing two contiguous CBM22 modules, which will contribute to a better understanding of the role that this multiplicity plays in fine-tuning substrate affinity.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):136-40.
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    ABSTRACT: The PhlG protein from Mycobacterium abscessus 103 (mPhlG), which shares 30% sequence identity with phloretin hydrolase from Eubacterium ramulus and 38% sequence identity with 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol hydrolase from Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5, is a putative carbon-carbon bond hydrolase. Here, the expression, purification and crystallization of mPhlG are reported. Crystals were obtained using a precipitant consisting of 100 mM citric acid pH 5.0, 1.0 M lithium chloride, 8%(w/v) polyethylene glycol 6000. The crystals diffracted to 1.87 Å resolution and belonged to space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 71.0, b = 63.4, c = 74.7 Å, α = 90.0, β = 103.2, γ = 90.0°. Assuming the presence of two mPhlG molecules in the asymmetric unit, VM was calculated to be 2.5 Å(3) Da(-1), which corresponds to a solvent content of 50%.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):239-42.
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    ABSTRACT: Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, has developed a variety of mechanisms to obtain the limited-availability iron from human hosts. One important method for iron acquisition is through haem-uptake systems. Although the transport of haem has been widely studied, the fate of haem once it enters the cytoplasm remains an open question. Here, preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis was performed on HutX, a member of the conserved haem-utilization operon from V. cholerae strain N16961. The crystals of HutX were found to belong to the orthorhombic space group C2221, with unit-cell parameters a = 50.1, b = 169.0, c = 81.8 Å. There are two protein molecules in the asymmetric unit, with a corresponding Matthews coefficient VM of 2.06 Å(3) Da(-1) and a solvent content of 40.28%.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):141-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Msmeg_0515, a gene from Mycobacterium smegmatis strain 155 encoding the ligand-binding domain, AgaE, of a putative ABC sugar transporter system, has been cloned into a pET-28a vector system, overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The truncated protein lacking the first 27 residues, which correspond to a N-terminal signal sequence, was crystallized using the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion technique. The crystals of this protein diffracted to 1.48 Å resolution and belonged to space group P212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 64.06, b = 69.26, c = 100.74 Å, α = β = γ = 90° and with one molecule in the asymmetric unit.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):189-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial cytokinesis is accomplished by the Z-ring, which is a polymeric structure that includes the tubulin homologue FtsZ at the division site. ZapD, a Z-ring-associated protein, directly binds to FtsZ and stabilizes the polymerization of FtsZ to form a stable Z-ring during cytokinesis. Structural analysis of ZapD from Escherichia coli was performed to investigate the mechanism of ZapD-mediated FtsZ stabilization and polymerization. ZapD was crystallized using a reservoir solution consisting of 1.5 M lithium sulfate, 0.1 M HEPES pH 7.8, 2%(v/v) polyethylene glycol 400. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 2.95 Å resolution. The crystals belonged to the hexagonal space group P64, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 109.5, c = 106.7 Å, γ = 120.0°. Two monomers were present in the asymmetric unit, resulting in a crystal volume per protein mass (VM) of 3.25 Å(3) Da(-1) and a solvent content of 62.17%.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):194-8.
  • Source
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    ABSTRACT: Successful protein crystallization screening experiments are dependent upon the experimenter being able to identify positive outcomes. The introduction of fluorescence techniques has brought a powerful and versatile tool to the aid of the crystal grower. Trace fluorescent labeling, in which a fluorescent probe is covalently bound to a subpopulation (<0.5%) of the protein, enables the use of visible fluorescence. Alternatively, one can avoid covalent modification and use UV fluorescence, exploiting the intrinsic fluorescent amino acids present in most proteins. By the use of these techniques, crystals that had previously been obscured in the crystallization drop can readily be identified and distinguished from amorphous precipitate or salt crystals. Additionally, lead conditions that may not have been obvious as such under white-light illumination can be identified. In all cases review of the screening plate is considerably accelerated, as the eye can quickly note objects of increased intensity.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):121-31.
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    ABSTRACT: The protein Yju3p is the orthologue of monoglyceride lipases in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A soluble variant of this lipase termed s-Yju3p (38.3 kDa) was generated and purified to homogeneity by affinity and size-exclusion chromatography. s-Yju3p was crystallized in a vapour-diffusion setup at 293 K and a complete data set was collected to 2.4 Å resolution. The crystal form was orthorhombic (space group P212121), with unit-cell parameters a = 77.2, b = 108.6, c = 167.7 Å. The asymmetric unit contained four molecules with a solvent content of 46.4%.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):243-6.
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    ABSTRACT: 4-Nitrophenyl phosphate (p-nitrophenyl phosphate, pNPP) is widely used as a small molecule phosphotyrosine-like substrate in activity assays for protein tyrosine phosphatases. It is a colorless substrate that upon hydrolysis is converted to a yellow 4-nitrophenolate ion that can be monitored by absorbance at 405 nm. Therefore, the pNPP assay has been widely adopted as a quick and simple method to assess phosphatase activity and is also commonly used in assays to screen for inhibitors. Here, the first crystal structure is presented of a dual-specificity phosphatase, human dual-specificity phosphatase 22 (DUSP22), in complex with pNPP. The structure illuminates the molecular basis for substrate binding and may also facilitate the structure-assisted development of DUSP22 inhibitors.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):199-205.
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    ABSTRACT: A periplasmic sensory domain of the Campylobacter jejuni chemoreceptor for multiple ligands (CcmL) has been crystallized by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol 3350 as a precipitating agent. A complete data set was collected to 1.3 Å resolution using cryocooling conditions and synchrotron radiation. The crystals belonged to space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 42.6, b = 138.0, c = 49.0 Å, β = 94.3°.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):211-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The Bam machinery, which is highly conserved from bacteria to humans, is well recognized as the apparatus responsible for the insertion and folding of most outer membrane proteins in Gram-negative bacteria. In Escherichia coli, the Bam machinery consists of five components (i.e. BamA, BamB, BamC, BamD and BamE). In comparison, there are only four partners in Haemophilus influenzae: a BamB homologue is not found in its genome. In this study, the recombinant expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of H. influenzae BamD and BamCD complex are reported. The genes encoding BamC and BamD were cloned into a pET vector and expressed in E. coli. Affinity, ion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography were used to obtain high-purity protein for further crystallographic characterization. Using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique, BamD and BamCD protein crystals of suitable size were obtained using protein concentrations of 70 and 50 mg ml(-1), respectively. Preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the BamD crystals diffracted to 4.0 Å resolution and belonged to space group P212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 54.5, b = 130.5, c = 154.7 Å. The BamCD crystals diffracted to 3.8 Å resolution and belonged to space group I212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 101.6, b = 114.1, c = 234.9 Å.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):234-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Influenza viruses remain a persistent challenge to human health owing to their inherent ability to evade the immune response by antigenic drift. However, the discovery of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) against divergent viruses has sparked renewed interest in a universal influenza vaccine and novel therapeutic opportunities. Here, a crystal structure at 1.70 Å resolution is presented of the Fab of the human antibody CH65, which has broad neutralizing activity against a range of seasonal H1 isolates. Previous studies proposed that affinity maturation of this antibody lineage pre-organizes the complementarity-determining region (CDR) loops into an energetically favorable HA-bound conformation. Indeed, from the structural comparisons of free and HA-bound CH65 presented here, the CDR loops, and in particular the heavy-chain CDR3, adopt the same conformations in the free and bound forms. Thus, these findings support the notion that affinity maturation of the CH65 lineage favorably preconfigures the CDR loops for high-affinity binding to influenza hemagglutinin.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):145-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Dipeptidyl peptidase 11 from Porphyromonas gingivalis (PgDPP11) preferentially cleaves substrate peptides with Asp and Glu at the P1 position [NH2-P2-P1(Asp/Glu)-P1'-P2'…]. For crystallographic studies, PgDPP11 was overproduced in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. X-ray diffraction data to 1.82 Å resolution were collected from an orthorhombic crystal form belonging to space group C2221, with unit-cell parameters a = 99.33, b = 103.60, c = 177.33 Å. Structural analysis by the multi-wavelength anomalous diffraction method is in progress.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):206-10.
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    ABSTRACT: Plant β-galactosidases play important roles in carbohydrate-reserve mobilization, cell-wall expansion and degradation, and turnover of signalling molecules during ripening. Tomato β-galactosidase 4 (TBG4) not only has β-galactosidase activity but also has exo-β-(1,4)-galactanase activity, and prefers β-(1,4)-galactans longer than pentamers as its substrates; most other β-galactosidases only have the former activity. Recombinant TBG4 protein expressed in the yeast Pichia pastoris was crystallized by the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method using PEG 10 000 as a precipitant. The crystals belonged to the orthorhombic space group P212121, with unit-parameters a = 92.82, b = 96.30, c = 159.26 Å, and diffracted to 1.65 Å resolution. Calculation of the Matthews coefficient suggested the presence of two monomers per asymmetric unit (VM = 2.2 Å(3) Da(-1)), with a solvent content of 45%.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):153-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The HigA2 antitoxin and the HigBA2 toxin-antitoxin complex from Vibrio cholerae were crystallized in complex with their operator box. Screening of 22 different DNA duplexes led to two crystal forms of HigA2 complexes and one crystal form of a HigBA2 complex. Crystals of HigA2 in complex with a 17 bp DNA duplex belong to space group P3221, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 94.0, c = 123.7 Å, and diffract to 2.3 Å resolution. The second form corresponding to HigA2 in complex with a 19 bp duplex belong to space group P43212 and only diffract to 3.45 Å resolution. Crystals of the HigBA2 toxin-antitoxin were obtained in complex with a 31 bp duplex and belonged to space group P41212, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 113.6, c = 121.1 Å. They diffract to 3.3 Å resolution.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):226-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Solanum melongena (eggplant), a member of the Solanaceae family, is a widely cultivated vegetable crop and is commonly used as a food throughout the world. Allergic reactions caused by members of this family are well known. However, mechanistic analyses to understand their molecular basis have not been adequately explored. In order to address this issue, the 7S vicilin protein (SM80.1) of size 45 kDa was purified from seeds of S. melongena by ammonium sulfate fractionation and size-exclusion chromatography. Significant homology of SM80.1 to an allergy-related protein from S. lycopersicum was identified through a BLAST search. Crystallization attempts with purified protein using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method led to hexagonal-shaped crystals. The crystals diffracted to 2.21 Å resolution and belonged to space group P6322, with unit-cell parameters a = 117.9, c = 123.5 Å.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):221-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) from laminarinase Lic16A of the hyperthermophilic anaerobic bacterium Clostridium thermocellum (ctCBM54) are reported. Recombinant ctCBM54 was prepared using an Escherichia coli/pQE30 overexpression system and was crystallized by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 2.1 Å resolution using synchrotron radiation. The crystals belonged to space group P6322, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 130.15, c = 131.05 Å. The three-dimensional structure of ctCBM54 will provide valuable information about the structure-function relation of the laminarinase Lic16A and will allow the exploitation of this binding module in biotechnological applications.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):217-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Proteins are dynamic systems and interact with their environment. The analysis of crystal contacts in the most accurately determined protein structures (d < 1.5 Å) reveals that in contrast to current views, static disorder and high side-chain entropy are common in the crystal contact area. These observations challenge the validity of the theory that presumes that the occurrence of well ordered patches of side chains at the surface is an essential prerequisite for a successful crystallization event. The present paper provides evidence in support of the approach for understanding protein crystallization as a process dependent on multiple factors, each with its relative contribution, rather than a phenomenon driven by a few dominant physicochemical characteristics. The role of the molecular shape as a factor in the crystallization of proteins by surface mutagenesis is discussed.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2015; 71(Pt 2):157-62.