Global Crime (Global Crime )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

With a new name, focus and editorial team, Global Crime will build upon the foundations laid by Transnational Organized Crime to consider serious and organised crime, from its origins to the present. Its focus is deliberately broad and multi-disciplinary, its first aim being to make the best scholarship on organised, serious and transnational crime available to specialists and non-specialists alike. It endorses no particular orthodoxy and will draw on authors from a variety of disciplines, including history, sociology, economics, political science, anthropology and area studies. Furthermore, it covers not just organised crime in the conventional sense, but the whole range of criminal activities, from corruption and illegal market transactions to the shadowy corners where states, terrorist movements and similar actors engage in criminal conspiracy. Global Crime will be published four times per year, and will include substantive research articles, shorter pieces highlighting research in progress and field reports from law-enforcement officials and conference reports. It will also provide unrivalled review coverage of new books and literature on organised crime around the world. All research articles will go through blind peer review in order to maintain the highest academic standards. The editors welcome contributions on any topic relating to organised criminality, its history, activities, relations with the state, its penetration of the economy and its perception in popular culture. Global Crime also seeks submissions in related areas such as corruption, crime and women's studies, illegal migration, terrorism, illicit markets, violence, police studies, and the process of state building. Submissions of articles in the area of methodology are especially welcome. In addition to research articles, the editors encourage submission of conference reports and review papers, shorter pieces on methodological advances or research findings field reports from law enforcement officials, which can give a vivid, non-scholarly description of particular investigations and cases.

  • Impact factor
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  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
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  • Immediacy index
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  • Eigenfactor
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  • Article influence
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  • Website
    Global Crime website
  • Other titles
    Global crime (Online)
  • ISSN
    1744-0572
  • OCLC
    58876313
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper introduces the concept of a policy network existing between intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) participating in the international policy-making process of anti-money laundering (AML) and the combating of financing of terrorism (CFT) regulations. It begins by introducing the challenges to global governance presented by organised crime and terrorist organisations, as well as the ways in which the international community is responding by means of following the money. Firstly, the paper defines which actors are involved in the process of policy-making activities and how their actions constitute a ‘mirror’ crime–terror nexus. Secondly, the role of IGOs and their ability to form policy networks is highlighted as increasingly important in the tackling of transnational threats and as an innovative response mechanism. Finally the paper suggests that more needs to be done in order to address the issues of accountability that stem from addressing global threats through the AML/CFT network.
    Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the case of Central Asia, linkages between crime and terrorism are too complex to be explained through the framework of a ‘crime–terror nexus’. This article distinguishes locally embedded militant networks from transnational movements and demonstrates their different linkages to organised crime. Groups categorised as international terrorist actors have limited linkages to organised crime, while locally embedded groups actively seek to control both the moral order and the political economy of their locality. In most cases, however, the most productive relationship for criminal networks is with the state. This ‘state–crime nexus’ has more analytical utility than a framework that links crime to terrorism, but it suffers from a tendency to sideline other social actors. A research agenda that priorities the local dynamics of interactions between criminal networks, militant ideologies, society and the state is likely to produce more nuanced analysis than an over-reliance on these binary approaches.
    Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present contribution critically engages with the theoretical and empirical nexus between ‘crime’ and ‘terrorism’. The Crime–Terror Nexus is understood first as the increasing cooperation between terrorist groups and criminal organisations, and second as the merging of terror/crime identities. I argue that the concept of the Crime–Terror Nexus reifies the identities of both criminal and terrorist organisations by pre-assigning exclusively economic motives to the former and exclusively political motives to the latter, even though in reality these categories, which underpin the concept of the nexus, are becoming increasingly blurred. This contribution draws upon concepts from political theory to unpack the identities of these violent non-state actors. In accordance with Carl Schmitt’s understanding of the political and of sovereignty, these identities can be understood as forms of ‘illicit sovereignty’. Through an empirical analysis of the discourse of the Sicilian Mafia, I show how the Mafia constructs its identity in relation to the Italian state by contesting the sovereignty of its ‘licit’ counterpart.
    Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Existing threat assessment analyses of crime and terrorism rely on a series of indicators, first and foremost violence. However, these approaches tend to neglect local specificities. In Central Asia and especially in the Fergana Valley, there are radical groups that do not necessarily commit violent behaviour, but yet represent a threat for both their operational areas and the international community. How can the threat of radicalisation be assessed when violence is not a characterising element, and what processes and structures should be taken into consideration to this end? Based on primary data collected during field research, this article challenges conventional threat assessments and the crime–terrorism nexus by looking at how the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and Hizb-ut-Tahrir have infiltrated indigenous social structures. This analysis suggests that the nature of security threats in Central Asia needs to be reconsidered by focusing on the informal institutionalisation of radicalisation, and it proposes the use of alternative threat assessment indicators.
    Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For the past 10 years, the crime–terror nexus has been used as an analytical model to understand the relationship between organised crime and terrorism in many of the world's (post) conflict and developing countries. Yet, aside from tangent and anecdotal evidence, little academic research has tried to understand how the nexus operates from within Western democracies and the implications that such internal relationships have on its social and economic security. Evidence related to these linkages in the European Union are immense; however, scholarly literature has shied away from these associations and turned their focus primarily on the nexus in more unstable regions, particularly in Latin America, the Middle East, Africa and South East Asia. This article– based on a study funded by the European Parliament in 2013– provides a qualitative analysis of the crime-terror nexus as it functions in Europe (including its border regions) to determine the operational structure of the nexus as well as where and how linkages between organised crime and terrorism interact. Indeed, organised criminal and terrorist groups have found niches of cooperation and ‘marriages of convenience’ in the EU‘s social and political landscape to operate in an efficient and effective manner. Evidence suggests that, although the nexus model provides a sound assessment of these relationships, the proclivities of the region (a relatively stable socio-economic and political environment) keep the relationship between organised crime and terrorism on one end of the spectrum, focusing on alliances, appropriation of tactics, and integration. Moreover, the EU’s relationship to its regional borders and the operational incentives for organised crime and terrorism in these areas, provide ample opportunities for a convergence of organised crime and terrorist financing.
    Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Terrorists use a wide variety of methods to fund their operations, obtain profits and carry out ideologically driven goals. Terrorist organisations have increasingly been linked to product counterfeiting crimes, but evidence for this connection is mostly anecdotal and speculative, lacking systematic empirical evaluation. This study mines open-source data to capture known product counterfeiting schemes linked to known extremists in the United States since 1990. We utilise the Extremist Financial Crime Database (EFCDB) and the Michigan State University Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection's (A-CAPP) Incident Database to provide an overview of both the schemes and the individual suspects involved in these crimes. We uncovered ten product counterfeiting schemes linked to terrorism, while the vast majority of suspects involved are non-extremist collaborators motivated by profit, not extremist ideology. These findings indicate the need for policies focusing on criminal networks broadly, expanding beyond restrictive efforts only targeting terrorists.
    Global Crime 10/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes that application of the human security framework enables us to see a negative impact of globalisation on the transnational organised crime and terrorism nexus. The main argument is that state-building and globalisation create conditions allowing for international organised crime and terrorism to cooperate in international and failed-state spheres. Namely, while state-building and traditional security measures suppress terrorist means to operate in strong states, globalisation offers international organised crime lucrative opportunities to escape strong states and instead operate in the non-state sphere (international and failed state). This process makes state-centric traditional methods of combating terrorism and crime, such as the war on terror, largely ignorant of how international organised crime and terrorism operate in non-state sphere. To address security challenges posed by transnational terrorism and crime in the non-state sphere, a human security framework offers an enhanced understanding of the problem.
    Global Crime 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Organised crime is a field vulnerable to mythical numbers, i.e. exaggerated estimates lacking empirical support, but acquiring acceptance through repetition. The figures on mafia proceeds in Italy are a striking example of this problem. This study proposes an estimation of mafia proceeds in Italy from nine criminal activities (sexual exploitation of women, illicit firearms trafficking, drug trafficking, counterfeiting, the illicit cigarette trade, illicit gambling, illicit waste disposal, loan sharking, and extortion racketeering) by region and type of mafia (Cosa Nostra, Camorra, ‘Ndrangheta, Apulian mafias, and other mafias). The results estimate yearly mafia proceeds at approximately €10.7 bn (0.7% of the Italian GDP), discussing the impact on the regional and national economies and the differences among the types of mafias as to their geographical sources of revenues.
    Global Crime 02/2014; 15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study provides a methodology with which to estimate the volumes and revenues of the illicit cigarette market at the subnational level. It applies the methodology to Italy for a 4-year period (2009–2012), enabling assessment of the prevalence of the illicit trade across years and regions. Notwithstanding the alleged importance of mafias, the results provide a more complex picture of the Italian illicit tobacco market. The maximum total revenues from the illicit trade in tobacco products (ITTP) increased from €0.5 bn in 2009 to €1.2 bn in 2012. The prevalence of illicit cigarettes varies significantly across regions, because of the proximity to countries with cheaper cigarettes and the possible occurrence of other crime opportunities. Understanding of these factors is crucial for the development of appropriate policies against the ITTP. The methodology may be applicable to all other EU countries, providing detailed, yearly estimates of the illicit market at the subnational level.
    Global Crime 01/2014; 15.
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    ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were to assess the magnitude of the use of force among Mexico City Metropolitan Area police forces and to detect its correlates. Mexico City is a particularly interesting case as it is often presented as a haven within the national context of crime and violence of the last years. However, it was found that almost one third of prison inmates in the city report to have been beaten or hurt by the police. It was also found that such reports have increased significantly between 2002 and 2009 for the case of the Preventive police, but remained stable although still very high for the Judicial police. Different correlates in the use of force were found for the two police forces.
    Global Crime 01/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 01/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 01/2014; 15.
  • Global Crime 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study estimates the retail value of the illicit drug market in Italy from a consumption-based approach. The illicit drugs considered in this analysis are heroin, cocaine, cannabis (herbal and resin), amphetamines and ecstasy. Results show that the value of the illicit drug market in Italy is much less than previously estimated and quantified at € 3.3 bn. Heroin and cocaine retain the biggest markets in terms of revenues, while cannabis is the most-consumed illicit drug. Synthetic illicit drugs account for roughly 10% of the illicit drug market. Conclusions offer some suggestions as to how uncertainties about estimates of the illicit drug market can be reduced.
    Global Crime 01/2014; 15.