World Journal of Pediatrics

Publisher: Zhejiang da xue. Institute of Pediatrics, Springer Verlag

Current impact factor: 1.05

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.048
2012 Impact Factor 1.084
2011 Impact Factor 1.216
2010 Impact Factor 0.945
2009 Impact Factor 0.365

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.02
Cited half-life 3.10
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.29
Other titles WJP
ISSN 1708-8569
OCLC 264797521
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Treatment of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (So-JIA) is challenging, and the efficacy of injectable recombinant human tumor necrosis factor type 1 receptor-antibody fusion protein (etanercept) on So-JIA has been controversial. We retrospectively studied 12 patients with refractory systemic juvenile arthritis treated with etanercept at our hospital in the past 5 years. The 12 patients were divided into a corticosteroid-dependent group (n=7) and an ineffective group (n=5) on the basis of their responses to treatment before the administration of etanercept. Etanercept was added to the treatment without substantially changing the original regimens in general, and doses, and signs of efficacy including alleviation or resolution of symptoms such as high fever, inflammatory arthropathy, eruption rash, hydrohymenitis, as well as changes in the levels of laboratory inflammatory markers such as the white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, levels of C-reactive protein and serum ferritin were recorded. Etanercept was withdrawn after the first dose from one patient in the corticosteroid-dependent group because of a systemic allergic rash, and was also withdrawn from one patient in the ineffective group after 2 months of treatment owing to inefficacy; the remaining 10 patients completed the entire treatment protocol, at which point etanercept was discontinued. At that time, clinical symptoms and laboratory inflammatory markers of the remaining patients were within the normal range and the mean dose of prednisone was 0.18 mg/kg per day, an 81% decrease from the mean dose at baseline. At present, the corticosteroid has been discontinued and only methotrexate maintenance treatment is used in 3 patients; the other 7 patients are treated with prednisone and methotrexate maintenance therapy. All of the 10 patients are in a medicated remission with no recurrence. In the treatment of patients with refractory So-JIA, the principles of individual therapy and combinations of drugs should be followed. Etanercept is an important and valid candidate for use in such combined treatment strategies.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0009-3
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    ABSTRACT: Adolescent violence is now regarded as a major public health concern. Despite growing interest in psychographic risk factors for violent behavior, few studies have explored the role of strategies to regulate cognitive emotion in adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of adolescent violence behaviors and to identify the relationship between specific strategies to regulate cognitive emotion and forms of violent behavior. We cross-sectionally surveyed 3315 students in grades 7 to 10 using anonymous, self-reporting questionnaires to examine strategies to regulate cognitive emotion and violence-related behaviors in young adolescents. A logistic regression model was used to identify the relationship between specific violent behaviors and strategies to regulate cognitive emotion. The most commonly reported type of violent behavior was verbal attack (48.6%), while 7.1% of students were involved in fights and 2.4% had been injured in fights. Boys were involved in all forms of violent behavior studied, and did so significantly more often than girls (P<0.05). Logistic regression revealed that six cognitive emotion strategies (self-blame, rumination, planning, reappraisal, catastrophisizing, and blaming others) were associated with violent behaviors, of which catastrophisizing was the most significant factor of all violent behaviors examined that were influenced by this strategy. Violence-related behaviors, especially verbal attacks, were common among adolescents. Several cognitive emotion regulation strategies were positively associated with specific violent behaviors, but catastrophisizing was strongly related to all forms of violent behavior. Thus, programs targeting adolescent violence must address this and other maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0014-6
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormalities involving the skin coverage of the penis are difficult to define, but they can significantly alter penile appearance, and be a cause of parental concern. The present review was based on a nonsystematic search of the English language medical literature using a combination of key words including "penile skin anomalies" and the specific names of the different conditions. Conditions were addressed in the following order, those mainly affecting the prepuce (phimosis, balanitis xerotica obliterans, balanitis, paraphimosis), those which alter penile configuration (inconspicuous penis and penile torsion), and lastly focal lesions (cysts, nevi and vascular lesions). Most of these anomalies are congenital, have no or minimal influence on urinary function, and can be detected on clinical examination. Spontaneous improvement is possible. In the majority of cases undergoing surgery, the potential psychological implications of genital malformation on patient development are the main reason for treatment, and the age generally recommended for surgery is after 12 months of age. This review provides the pediatrician with a handy tool to identify the most common penile skin anomalies, counsel parents adequately, make sensible and evidence based choices for management, and recognize complications or untoward outcomes in patients undergoing surgery.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; 11(4). DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0015-5
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    ABSTRACT: In the last two decades, progress in cytogenetic and genome research has enabled investigators to unravel the underlying molecular mechanisms of inherited tubulopathies such as Bartter's and Gitelman's syndromes and helped physicians to better understand not only these two pathologic entities but also renal pathophysiology and salt sensitive hypertension. Articles collected from PubMed and open access journals included original articles, research articles, and comprehensive reviews. They were evaluated by the authors with an special emphasis on originality and up to date information about molecular pathophysiology. Bartter's and Gitelman's syndromes are two different inherited salt loosing tubulopathies. They are characterized by various inability of distal nephron to reabsorb sodium chloride with resultant extarcellular volume contraction and increased activity of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system. Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis is a common feature of these two forms of tubulopathies. Hypercalciuria characterizes the majority of Bartter's syndrome, and hypomagnesemia with hypocalciuria characterizes Gitelman's syndrome. Low blood pressure is a common feature among patients who suffered from these tubulopathies. Bartter's syndromes encompass a heterogeneous group of ion channels defects localized at the thick ascending limp of Henle's loop with resultant loss of function of sodium-potassium-2 chloride cotransporter. These defects result in the impairment of the countercurrent multiplication system of the kidney as well as calcium, potassium and acid base disturbances which in the majority of cases are proved lethal especially in the antenatal and/or immediate postnatal life period. The underlying pathology in Gitelman's syndrome is defined to the distal convoluted tubule and is related to loss of function of the sodium-chloride cotransporter. The results of this defect encompass the inability of extracellular volume homeostasis, magnesium and potassium conservation, and acid base disturbances which are generally mild and in the majority of cases are not life-threatening. Recent advances in molecular pathophysiology of Bartter's and Gitelman's syndromes have helped physicians to better understand the underlying mechanisms of these pathologic entities which remain obscure. Data collected from experiments among genetically manipulated animals enable us to better understand the pathophysiology of mammalian kidney and the underlying mechanisms of salt sensitive hypertension and to lay a foundation for the future development of new drugs, especially diuretics and antihypertensive drugs.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; 11(2). DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0016-4
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    ABSTRACT: Galactosemia due to complete or near-complete galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency was the first disorder added to the pioneering newborn screening panel besides phenylketonuria. In the last 50 years, many criticisms have been focused on the opportunity of its inclusion. Consequently, long-term single center experiences with this issue are generally lacking. We reviewed the outcome of newborn screening for hypergalactosemia performed at our department since 1982 and the correspondent long-term clinical outcome. Among 1 123 909 newborns screened for hypergalactosemia, 33 showed abnormal results confirmed at second tier test. Thirteen patients were affected with classic galactosemia, 8 partial GALT deficiency, 3 severe galactokinase deficiency, 7 transient galactosemia, one congenital porto-systemic shunt, and one glucose transporter 2 deficiency. Acute neonatal liver failure in the late first week of life (5.8±1.1 days) unavoidably complicated the clinical course of classic galactosemia, unless in three second-born siblings treated on the basis of presumptive diagnosis immediately after newborn screening sample collection on day 3. Despite early treatment and long-term steadily normal peripheral blood galactose, 77% of patients with severe GALT deficiency present mild to severe intellectual disabilities. All patients with partial GALT deficiency showed normal intellectual development on a regular diet, as well as patients with galactokinase deficiency under treatment. Availability of screening results within the fifth day after birth would allow the prevention of acute decompensation in classic galactosemia. A systematic diagnostic work-up in all positive newborns is essential to unravel the etiology of hypergalactosemia.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; 11(2). DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0017-3
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Findings from prior research into the effect of feeding methods on infant sleep are inconsistent. The objectives of this study were to examine infants' sleep patterns by feeding methods and sleep arrangement from birth to eight months old. Methods: This longitudinal cohort study enrolled 524 pregnant women at 34-41 weeks of gestation and their infants after delivery in 2006 and followed up until eight months postpartum. The study subjects were recruited from nine women and children hospitals in nine cities in China (Beijing, Chongqing, Wuhan, Changsha, Nanning, Xiamen, Xi'an, Jinan, and Hailin). Participating infants were followed up weekly during the first month and monthly from the second to the eighth month after birth. Twenty-four hour sleep diaries recording infants' sleeping and feeding methods were administered based on caregiver's self-report. Multivariable mixed growth curve models were fitted to estimate the effects of feeding methods and sleep arrangement on infants' sleep patterns over time, controlling for maternal and paternal age, maternal and paternal education level, household income, supplementation of complementary food, and infant birth weight and length. Results: Exclusively formula fed infants had the greatest sleep percentage/24 h, followed by exclusively breast milk fed infants and partially breast milk fed infants (P<0.01). Night waking followed a similar pattern. However, the differences in sleep percentage and night waking frequency between exclusively formula and exclusively breast milk fed infants weakened over time as infants developed. In addition, compared to infants with bed-sharing sleep arrangement, those with room sharing sleep arrangement had greater daytime and 24-hour infant sleep percentage, whereas those with sleeping alone sleep arrangement had greater nighttime sleep percentage. Conclusions: Our data based on caregiver's self-report suggested that partial breastfeeding and bed-sharing may be associated with less sleep in infants. Health care professionals need to work with parents of newborns to develop coping strategies that will help prevent early weaning of breastfeeding.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0012-8
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    ABSTRACT: Intrapulmonary lipoma is extemely rare in children. So far, all reported pulmonary lipomas were from adult patients. We present herein a case of intrapulmonary lipoma in a child and a review of the related literature. A 13-month-old boy was hospitalized because of cough and fever. Chest CT showed patchy infiltration and round-shape, hypodense homogeneous lesions located in the lung. After 19 days of antibiotic treatment, his clinic symptoms disappeared, but the round lesions remained without any change. One month and one year later, he was examined by chest MRI with technique of fat suppression. The child was diagnosed as having an intrapulmonary lipoma without biopsy. Intrapulmonary lipoma is rare in children. Chest CT and MRI are very important for the correct diagnosis of intrapulmonary lipoma.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; 11(2). DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0011-9
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disease characterized by lung endothelial cell dysfunction and vascular remodeling. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been proved to be a potential therapeutic strategy to treat PH. Autophagy has been found to be protective to hypoxia-induced PH. In this study, we applied high shear stress (HSS)-induced PH, and examined whether EPCs confer resistance against HSS-induced PH through autophagy. Pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) were cultured under HSS with proinflammatory factors in an artificial capillary system to mimic the PH condition. Levels of p62, a selective autophagy substrate, were quantified by western blotting. Cell viability was determined by trypan blue exclusion test. The p62 level in PMVECs was increased at 4 hours after HSS, peaked at 12 hours and declined at 24 hours. The cell viability gradually decreased. Compared with PMVECs cultured by empty medium, in cells cultured by EPC-conditioned medium (EPC-CM), the cell viability was significantly higher; however, p62 levels were also significantly higher, suggesting inhibition of autophagy by EPC-CM. Adding choloquine to suppress autophagy decreased the cell viability of PMVECs under PH. EPC-CM could suppress the autophagic activity of PMVECs in HSS-induced PH. However, suppression of autophagy leads to cell death. EPCs could fight against PH through cellular or molecular pathways independent of autophagy. But it is not proved if induction of autophagy could be a potential strategy to treat HSS-induced PH as hypoxia-induced PH.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 03/2015; 11(2). DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0008-4
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background Injuries around the foot and ankle are challenging. There is a paucity of literature, outside that of specialist orthopedic journals, that focuses on this subject in the pediatric population. Data sources In this review, we outline pediatric foot and ankle fractures in an anatomically oriented manner from the current literature. Our aim is to aid the emergency department doctor to manage these challenging injuries more effectively in the acute setting. Results These injuries require a detailed history and examination to aid the diagnosis. Often, plain radiographs are sufficient, but more complex injuries require the use of magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment is dependent on the proximity to skeletal maturity and the degree of displacement of fracture. Children have a marked ability to remodel after fractures and therefore mainstay treatment is immobilization by a cast or splint. Operative fixation, although uncommon in this population, may be necessary with adolescents, certain unstable injuries or in cases with displaced articular surface. In the setting of severe foot trauma, skin compromise and compartment syndrome of the foot must be excluded. Conclusion The integrity of the physis, articular surface and soft tissues are all equally important in treating these injuries.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 02/2015; 11(1):14-20. DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0002-x
  • Article: Onward

    World Journal of Pediatrics 02/2015; 11(1):5-6. DOI:10.1007/s12519-015-0001-y
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    ABSTRACT: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is one of the most common vasculitides in children. It is manifested by skin purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, renal involvement, etc. Typically, HSP is considered to be self-limiting, although renal involvement (HSP purpura nephritis, HSPN) is the principal cause of morbidity from this disease. For this reason, it is important to clarify the mechanism of onset and clinical manifestations of HSPN and to ascertain the most appropriate treatment for HSPN. In this article, we review the updated pathophysiology and treatment strategies for HSPN. We searched databases including PubMed, Elsevier and Wanfang for the following key words: Henoch-Schönlein purpura, nephritis, mechanism and treatment, and we selected those publications written in English that we judged to be relevant to the topic of this review. Based on the data present in the literature, we reviewed the following topics: 1) the possible pathogenesis of HSPN: several studies suggest that immunoglobulin A immune complexes deposit in the mesangium and induce renal injury; 2) multiple-drug treatment for HSPN: although there have been few evidence-based treatment strategies for HSPN, several studies have suggested that immunosuppressive drugs and multiple drug combination therapy were effective in ameliorating proteinuria and histological severity. HSPN is a severe disease of childhood. To better understand this disease, detailed investigations into the pathogenesis of HSPN and prospective randomized controlled treatment studies on children with severe HSPN are needed.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 12/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1007/s12519-014-0534-5
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    ABSTRACT: Pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) can be very difficult to diagnose in children and to communicate such a diagnosis to their parents. Families of children with PDD learn of their child's diagnosis long after the first symptoms are noted in the child's behavior. An area-based survey was conducted to assess all social and health care providers taking care of patients with PDDs in the Veneto Region (North-East Italy). Only 28% of health care providers arrived at a definite diagnosis when the child was in his/her first year of age, 51% when the child was 2-3 years old and 21% from age of 4 years and up. On average, the latency between the time of the diagnosis and its communication to the family was 6.9 months. However, a number of families did not ever have a diagnosis communicated to them. Sometimes, 68% of the providers did not communicate a PDDs diagnosis to patient's families, and 4% of them quite commonly. The well-known delay in making a diagnosis of PDDs has two distinct components: one relating to the difficulty of confirming a diagnosis of PDDs, the other, hitherto unrecognized, relating to the family being notified.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 12/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1007/s12519-014-0533-6
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of our study is to measure the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), estimate the birth to death interval, and identify associated maternal and infant risk factors. We carried out a population-based cohort study on 37 418 280 births using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's "Linked Birth-Infant Death" and "Fetal Death" data files from 1995 to 2004. Descriptive statistics and cox-proportional hazard models were used to estimate the adjusted effect of maternal and newborn characteristics on the risk of SIDS. There were 24 101 cases of SIDS identified for an overall 10-year incidence of 6.4 cases per 10 000 births. Over the study period, the incidence decreased from 8.1 to 5.6 per 10 000 and appeared to be most common among infants aged 2-4 months. Risk factors included maternal age <20 years, black, non-Hispanic race, smoking, increasing parity, inadequate prenatal care, prematurity and growth restriction. While the incidence of SIDS in the US has declined, it currently remains the leading cause of post-neonatal mortality, highlighting an important public health priority. Educational campaigns should be targeted towards mothers at increased risk in order to raise their awareness of modifiable risk factors for SIDS such as maternal smoking and inadequate prenatal care.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 12/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1007/s12519-014-0530-9
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is involved in the development of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PD-MSCs) and explored the NF-E2-related factor-2/heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway in treating HIBD. P7 rats were subjected to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and randomly divided into four groups (control, HIBD, HIBD+PD-MSCs, and HIBD+fibroblasts). Forty-eight hours after the induction of HIBD, 5×10(5) of PD-MSCs were injected into cerebral tissue in the HIBD+PD-MSCs group, while the same dose of fibroblasts were injected in the HIBD+fibroblasts group. Morris Water Maze, gross and pathological changes were tested at P28. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) was detected in rats' hippocampus. RT-PCR and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the changes of Nrf2/HO-1. The HIBD group showed significantly longer escape latency and a lower frequency of original platform crossing in the Morris Water Maze compared with the control group. Rats receiving PD-MSCs showed significant improvement of HIBD. The pathological changes were evident after HIBD, but ameliorated in the PD-MSCs group. Compared with the control group, HO-1 and Nrf2 were up-regulated at gene and protein levels in the HI brain, beginning at 6 hours and peaking at 48 hours (P<0.05). The expression of HO-1 and Nrf2 in the PD-MSCs treatment group was more pronounced than in the HIBD group (P<0.01). PD-MSCs also decreased MDA production in the brain tissue. These results demonstrate that PD-MSCs have neuroprotective effect during the treatment of HIBD and that the mechanism may be partly due to alleviating oxidative stress.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 12/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1007/s12519-014-0531-8