Genetics and molecular research: GMR (GENET MOL RES)

Publisher: Fundação de Pesquisas Científicas de Ribeirão Preto

Journal description

Genetics and Molecular Research (GMR) publishes research articles, research reports, technical notes, scientific commentaries, news, views and review articles on Genetics, Evolution and Molecular Biology. It is an exclusively online journal.

Current impact factor: 0.78

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.775
2013 Impact Factor 0.85
2012 Impact Factor 0.994
2011 Impact Factor 1.184
2010 Impact Factor 1.013
2009 Impact Factor 0.844
2008 Impact Factor 0.682

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.97
Cited half-life 3.60
Immediacy index 0.10
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.21
Website Genetics and Molecular Research website
Other titles GMR
ISSN 1676-5680
OCLC 49991921
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • J H Jia · Z Liu · X Chen · X Xiao · B X Liu
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    ABSTRACT: Studying the network of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) will provide valuable insights into the inner workings of cells. It is vitally important to develop an automated, high-throughput tool that efficiently predicts protein-protein interactions. This study proposes a new model for PPI prediction based on the concept of chaos game representation and the wavelet transform, which means that a considerable amount of sequence-order effects can be incorporated into a set of discrete numbers. The advantage of using chaos game representation and the wavelet transform to formulate the protein sequence is that it can more effectively reflect its overall sequence-order characteristics than the conventional correlation factors. Using such a formulation frame to represent the protein sequences means that the random forest algorithm can be used to conduct the prediction. The results for a large-scale independent test dataset show that the proposed model can achieve an excellent performance with an accuracy value of about 0.86 and a geometry mean value of about 0.85. The model is therefore a useful supplementary tool for PPI predictions. The predictor used in this article is freely available at
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11791-11805. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.13
  • H Y Yang · X W Xia · W Fang · Y Fu · M M An · M B Zhou
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous leaf color variation in bamboo provides the opportunity to study the mechanisms of leaf color formation and the breeding of ornamental bamboos. Despite the fact that many genes are known to be involved in leaf color variation in model plants, molecular mechanisms governing natural leaf color variation in bamboo have remained obscure. This study aimed to identify the genes responsible for the occurrence of such phenomena in bamboo using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) method between green and albino leaves in Pseudosasa japonica f. A total of 1062 and 1004 differentially expressed transcripts were obtained from the forward and reverse SSH libraries, respectively. Subsequently, 59 differentially expressed unigenes with potential roles in leaf color formation, predicted via computational analysis of their functional relevance, were selected for further analysis using qPCR. Ten genes, involved in photosynthesis, plastid development, and cation signal transduction, showed 2-fold changes in expression levels between green and albino leaves. Further expression pattern analyses of these genes at three developmental stages revealed much lower expression abundance of Lhca1-encoded chlorophyll a/b binding protein in the albino leaves than in the green leaves. Our results suggest that, together with the concatenated negative pressure for subsequent photosynthetic processes, the albino phenotype is at least partly attributable to chloroplast inner membrane damage or to the impairment of photosynthetic pigment accumulation, which results from low Lhca1 expression.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11827-11840. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.16
  • J Hu · S L Zhai · S Y Zeng · B B Sun · S F Deng · H L Chen · Y Zheng · H X Wang · X P Li · J K Liu · S Cheng · X Zhou · J Q Zhai · M L Luo
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    ABSTRACT: Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is considered to be the main pathogen in PC-associated diseases, and significantly affects the global pig-producing industry. PCV2 continuously evolves by point mutations and genome recombinations. In the present study, we aimed to further identify recombinant PCV2 strains. We used polymerase chain reaction to detect PCV2 in the carcasses of pigs with suspected infections from different regions of Guangdong Province in China. DNA was extracted from samples with confirmed infection and full- genome amplification, sequencing, phylogenetic tree construction, gene recombination detection, and sequence alignment were performed in gene recombination analysis. Our results show that recombination occurred between the strains SHC (DQ104421) and ZhuJi2003 (AY579893). The recombination resulted in three recombinants: GD003 (KM503044), GD005 (KM487708), and GD008 (KM487709). Further analyses revealed that these novel recombinants appeared to result from recombination between the PCV2a and PCV2b strains, with crossover regions located in ORF2. This study was a comprehensive analysis that used several different methods, which demonstrated that a cluster of PCV2 strains resulted from the same type of inter-genotypic recombination pattern, with a breakpoint in the structural protein coding region. The results of our study provide both information on the recombination mechanism and disease pathogenesis and useful data for the prevention of PCV2 in the swine industry.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11780-11790. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.12
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to explore the relationship between genetic changes and high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) susceptibility, and to screen for the key single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci in the HAPE-susceptibility gene, by investigating the SNPs occurring in hypoxia-related genes in HAPE-susceptible and control (non-susceptible) populations. This research was conducted on Han recruits, who travelled to the Lhasa plateau (altitude, 3658 m). Ten loci located on ten genes extracted from the HAPE and healthy populations were amplified by polymerase chain reaction, and subsequently sequenced. The investigated genes included those coding for aldosterone synthase 2 (CYP11B2), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), surfactant protein A2 (SP-A2), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), nitric oxide synthetase (NOS), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), prolyl hydroxylase (EGLN1), and zinc finger protein A20. The gene distribution of each SNP loci and its correlation with HAPE was analyzed. Statistical analyses of the genotype frequencies of the SNPs revealed significant differences in the ACE (rs4309), EGLN1 (rs480902), SP-A2 (rs1965708), HSP70 (rs1008438), PAI-1 (rs1799889), and NOS (rs199983) expressions between the HAPE and healthy control groups (P < 0.05); therefore, these SNP loci were believed to indicate HAPE susceptibility. HAPE is correlated with multiple- SNP loci. A correlation analysis between genetic polymorphism and HAPE susceptibility revealed that 6 hypoxia-related genes were key sites accounting for HAPE. These findings could help assess the risk of HAPE in populations expressing different genotypes, in order to reduce the occurrence of HAPE.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11562-11572. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.28.8
  • Y C Guo · H Wang · B L Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: This study proposes use of the DNA genetic artificial fish swarm constant modulus blind equalization algorithm (DNA-G-AFS-CMBEA) to overcome the local convergence of the CMBEA. In this proposed algorithm, after the fusion of the fast convergence of the AFS algorithm and the global search capability of the DNA-G algorithm to drastically optimize the position vector of the artificial fish, the global optimal position vector is obtained and used as the initial optimal weight vector of the CMBEA. The result of application of this improved method in medical image processing demonstrates that the proposed algorithm outperforms the CMBEA and the AFS-CMBEA in removing the noise in a medical image and improving the peak signal to noise ratio.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11806-11813. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.14
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    ABSTRACT: Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) are important in the pathogenicity of the Mycoplasma genus of bacteria. We investigated whether Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae LAMPs have pathogenic potential by inducing apoptosis in a St. Jude porcine lung epithelial cell line (SJPL). LAMPs from a pathogenic strain of M. hyopneumoniae (strain 232) were used in the research. Our investigation made use of diamidino-phenylindole (DAPI) and acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining, terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) analysis, and Annexin-V-propidium iodide staining. After LAMP treatment for 24 h, typical changes were induced, chromosomes were concentrated, apoptotic bodies were observed, the 3'-OH groups of cleaved genomes were exposed, and the percentage of apoptotic cells reached 36.5 ± 11.66%. Caspase 3 and caspase 8 were activated and cytochrome c (cyt c) was released from the mitochondria into the cytoplasm; poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) was digested into two fragments; p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was phosphorylated; and the expression of pro-apoptosis protein Bax increased while the anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 decreased. LAMPs also stimulated SJPL cells to produce nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide. This study demonstrated that LAMPs from M. hyopneumoniae can induce apoptosis in SJPL cells through the activation of caspase 3, caspase 8, cyt c, Bax, and p38 MAPK, thereby contributing to our understanding of the pathogenesis of M. hyopneumoniae, which should improve the treatment of M. hyopneumoniae infections.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11429-11443. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.25.10
  • A C S Gonçalves · A C F Dos Santos · T F Dos Santos · T B A Pessoa · J C T Dias · R P Rezende
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, metagenomic technique and fosmid vectors were used to construct a library of clones for exploring the biotechnological potential of mangrove soils by isolation of functional genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes. The library was built with genomic DNA from the soil samples of mangrove sediments and the functional screening of 1824 clones (~64 Mbp) was performed to detect the hydrolytic activity specific for cellulases, amylases (at acidic, neutral and basic pH), lipases/esterases, proteases, and nitrilases. Significant numbers of clones, positive for the tested enzyme activities were obtained. Our results indicate the importance and biotechnological potential of mangrove soils especially when compared to those obtained using other soil metagenomic libraries.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11841-11847. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.17
  • X L Wang · H Y Huang · Z Li · Y S Yu · Y Q Hu · W X Ye · F Hua · Y H Chen · H Ni · Q W Ding · Z Y Shen
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the risk factors associated with adverse aortic remodeling after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection, we performed a retrospective analysis of 54 patients between January 2009 and June 2012 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. All patients underwent TEVAR of the descending thoracic aorta. Multiple-logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with aortic remodeling. True-lumen and false-lumen volumes were increased (P < 0.001) and decreased (P < 0.001) after surgery, respectively. Therefore, the remodeling index increased after surgery (1.04 ± 0.6 to 2.06 ± 1.12, P < 0.001). Remodeling index and true-lumen volume were higher in the favorable aortic remodeling group compared to the adverse aortic remodeling group (P < 0.001), while the false-lumen volume was lower in the favorable aortic remodeling group (P < 0.001). Multivariate analyses revealed a branch originating from the false lumen (OR = 39.9, P < 0.01) and multiple tears (OR = 27.4, P < 0.01) to be independent risk factors for adverse aortic remodeling. Therefore, a branch originating from the false lumen and multiple tears were determined to be independent risk factors for adverse aortic remodeling after TEVAR in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11692-11699. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.2
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    ABSTRACT: Few yeasts have shown the potential to efficiently utilize hemicellulosic hydrolyzate as the carbon source. In this study, microorganisms isolated from the Manaus region in Amazonas, Brazil, were characterized based on their utilization of the pentoses, xylose, and arabinose. The yeasts that showed a potential to assimilate these sugars were selected for the better utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. Two hundred and thirty seven colonies of unicellular microorganisms grown on hemicellulosic hydrolyzate, xylose, arabinose, and yeast nitrogen base selective medium were analyzed. Of these, 231 colonies were subjected to sugar assimilation tests. One hundred and twenty five of these were shown to utilize hydrolyzed hemicellulose, xylose, or arabinose as the carbon source for growth. The colonies that showed the best growth (N = 57) were selected, and their internal transcribed spacer-5.8S rDNA was sequenced. The sequenced strains formed four distinct groups in the phylogenetic tree, and showed a high percentage of similarity with Meyerozyma caribbica, Meyerozyma guilliermondii, Trichosporon mycotoxinivorans, Trichosporon loubieri, Pichia kudriavzevii, Candida lignohabitans, and Candida ethanolica. The discovery of these xylose-fermenting yeasts could attract widespread interest, as these can be used in the cost-effective production of liquid fuel from lignocellulosic materials.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11605-11612. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.28.12
  • W Zhou · H Lv · M X Li · H Su · L G Huang · J Li · W M Yuan
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    ABSTRACT: We established a necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) rat model and explored the role of bifidobacteria in the intestines of the rats and its regulation on intestinal Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Seventy-five newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (15 rats/group): group A, artificial feeding group (formula-fed); group B, NEC model (LPS + formula-fed); group C, bifidobacterium (LPS + formula-fed + bifidobacterium microcapsules, intragastric administration); group D, artificial feeding + bifidobacterium (formula-fed + bifidobacterium microcapsules gavage); group E, rat breast-feeding group (rat breast-feeding). After 3 days of feeding, rats were placed in incubators, fasted for 12 h, and killed by decapitation. The ileocecal proximal segment ileum was fixed and sliced; pathological examination was conducted, and TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear factor-kB p65 protein expression in the intestinal tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. There was a statistically significant difference in pathological scores between groups C and B (H = 21.789, P = 0.000), and the former was lower than the latter. TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear factor-kB p65 expression in intestinal tissue was determined in groups A-E. There were statistically significant differences between groups C and B (P = 0.001; P = 0.000; P = 0.000). Bifidobacteria had a protective effect on the intestines of newborn rats with NEC, which showed reduced NEC and intestinal damage severity. This observation may be related to the reduced levels of TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear factor-kB P65 observed during the inflammatory response.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11505-11514. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.28.2
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    ABSTRACT: Immune-related miRNAs in breast milk are extracellular miRNAs that are related to immune organ development and regulation of the immune function in infants and young animals. The goal of this study was to compare the expression levels of five immune-related miRNAs in breast milk in black goats, humans, and dairy cattle. The miRNAs from milk were extracted and the expression levels were assessed using quantitive RT-PCR methods. MiR-146, miR-155, miR-181a, miR-223, and miR-150 were all detected in Dazu black goat milk, and these miRNAs were significantly more highly expressed in colostrum than in mature milk of goats (P < 0.01), except for miR-150. Further, all five miRNAs were expressed in human colostrum, but patterns differed from those in goats: miR-146 and miR-155 were highly expressed (P < 0.01) in human colostrum, whereas miR-223 was abundant in goat colostrum (P < 0.01). In addition, five miRNAs were significantly higher in bovine mature milk than in goat milk (P < 0.01). Taken together, these results confirm that immune-related miRNAs are rich in breast milk with different expression levels depending on the lactation phase and species.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11371-11376. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.25.4
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    ABSTRACT: The resistance of Castanea mollissima Shuhe-WYL strain to Dryocosmus kuriphilus and its molecular mechanism were examined. The larvae of D. kuriphilus were inoculated on the Shuhe-WYL and Qingzha strains, and mortality was observed and compared; the relative mRNA content of the OsCDPK2, receptor-like protein, OsNAC6 protein, KH domain protein, RNA-binding protein, and the bHLH genes was detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction, and then compared between the Shuhe-WYL and Qingzha strains. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase content was detected by western blotting and compared between the inoculated Shuhe-WYL, non-inoculated Shuhe-WYL, and inoculated Qingzha strains. The mortalities of larvae inoculated on the bud, bracteal leaf, and cardiac lobe were lower in Shuhe-WYL than Qingzha at 48 and 96 h after inoculation; the contents of OsCDPK2, receptor-like protein, OsNAC6 protein, and bHLH in the cardiac lobe were higher in Shuhe-WYL than in Qingzha at 96 h after inoculation, but KH domain protein and RNA-binding protein were not significantly different. The content of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in the cardiac lobe was higher in inoculated and non-inoculated Shuhe-WYL compared to inoculated Qingzha at 15, 30, 45, and 60 days, and higher in inoculated Shuhe-WYL than in non-inoculated Shuhe-WYL at 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. The content of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in the cardiac lobe of inoculated Shuhe-WYL had no significant difference between at 60 and at 45 days; and was higher at 60 and 45 days than at 30 and 15 days; and was higher at 30 days than at 15 days (60≈45˃30˃15 days). The C. mollissima Shuhe-WYL strain was resistant to D. kuriphilus; high expression of OsCDPK2, receptor-like protein, OsNAC6 protein, and bHLH and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase may explain the mechanism.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11456-11461. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.25.12
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to explore the clinical value of the CD4(+) T cell ATP levels in patients with renal cell carcinoma through the application of the ImmuKnow(TM)-Cylex(®) assay. We recruited 104 patients with renal cancer who had undergone surgery at Fuzhou General Hospital from March 2009 to June 2012, and were subsequently treated by dendritic cell and cytokine-induced killer cell bio-therapy or interferon-α therapy. The changes in CD4(+) T cell ATP levels were detected at the perioperative period and at 10 days, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year after the surgery using the ImmuKnow assay. In addition, the differences in ATP levels in different therapy groups were compared and the prognosis conditions were analyzed. Our results demonstrated that no significant difference in the ATP levels occurred at different time points; furthermore, there were no obviously different ATP levels between the different therapy groups, and the ATP levels were found to have no clinical significance for the assessment of renal cancer prognosis. Overall, this study suggested that CD4(+) T cell ATP levels as detected by the ImmuKnow assay have no obvious clinical value in patients with renal cancer.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11543-11550. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.28.6
  • X N Luo · M Yang · X F Liang · K Jin · L Y Lv · C X Tian · Y C Yuan · J Sun
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, 12 polymorphic microsatellites were inves-tigated to determine the genetic diversity and structure of 5 consecu-tive selected populations of golden mandarin fish (Siniperca scherzeri Steindachner). The total numbers of alleles, average heterozyosity, and average polymorphism information content showed that the genetic diversity of these breeding populations was decreasing. Additionally, pairwise fixation index FST values among populations and Da values in-creased from F1 generation to subsequent generations (FST values from 0.0221-0.1408; Da values from 0.0608-0.1951). Analysis of molecular variance indicated that most genetic variations arise from individuals within populations (about 92.05%), while variation among populations accounted for only 7.95%. The allele frequency of the loci SC75-220 and SC101-222 bp changed regularly in the 5 breeding generations. Their frequencies were gradually increased and showed an enrichment trend, indicating that there may be genetic correlations between these 2 loci and breeding traits. Our study indicated that microsatellite markers are effective for assessing the genetic variability in the golden mandarin fish breeding program.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11348-11355. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.25.1
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    ABSTRACT: A case-control study was conducted to investigate the association between genetic variants of IL-17A rs2275913 and IL-17F rs763780 and the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Chinese population. A total of 306 individuals with CAD and 306 unaffected individuals were enrolled from the Zhengzhou People's Hospital between May 2012 and May 2014. The IL-17A rs2275913 and IL-17F rs763780 genes were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction combined with a restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Logistic regression analysis revealed that individuals with the AA genotype of rs2275913 were associated with increased risk of CAD, compared to those with the GG genotype in a codominant model [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.10-3.53]. On the other hand, the AA genotype of rs2275913 was correlated with moderately increased risk of CAD compared to the GG + GA genotype (adjusted OR = 1.76; 95%CI = 1.02-3.07) in a recessive model. However, no significant differences were observed between polymorphisms at the IL-17F rs763780 locus and CAD risk, in codominant, dominant, and recessive models. In conclusion, the results of our study suggested that the IL-17A rs2275913 polymorphism may affect the development of CAD; however, no significant association was observed between the IL-17F rs763780 polymorphism and risk of CAD.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11488-11494. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.25.15
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnostic and prognostic value of miR-21 has been examined for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with inconsistent results. Present meta-analysis summarized the diagnostic accuracy and the predictive role for survival of miR-21 in patients with HCC. All eligible studies were searched using PubMed, EMBASE, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases up to October 2014. For the diagnostic meta-analysis, the indices of miR-21 in the diagnosis of HCC were pooled using bivariate random-effect approach models. For the prognostic meta-analysis, data were synthesized with a random effect model, and the hazard ratio (HR) or odd ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was used as the effect size estimate. Ten studies dealing with HCC were included. The overall pooled results for sensitivity, specificity, and the area under the curve (AUC) for the diagnostic meta-analysis (five studies) were 74.0 (95%CI = 61.0-85.0), 78.0 (95%CI = 67.0-86.0), and 0.83 (95%CI = 0.80-0.86), respectively. The combined data for the prognostic meta-analysis (seven studies) suggested that miR-21 overexpression in HCC correlated with poor overall survival [HR = 1.19 (95%CI = 0.44-1.94)], and higher miR-21 expression was associated with tumor, node, metastases (TNM) stage [OR = 0.34 (95%CI = 0.13-0.91)]. We concluded that miR-21 might be complementary to alpha fetal protein in HCC diagnosis, and might serve as an attractive estimator of HCC. We also demonstrated that miR-21 overexpression was associated with HCC TNM stage and with poor survival. As our study was limited, additional prospective studies are needed to validate these results.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11573-11586. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.28.9
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxia influences many physiological processes, such as respiration, cardiovascular, neurophysiology, and digestion. Skeletal muscle is an important motor organ, which relies on oxygen of oxidation; however, the study of hypoxia in skeletal muscle is lacking. In order to understand the effect of hypoxia on skeletal muscle, we determined the expression level of four hypoxia-related genes (ADAM17, ARG2, MMP, and HIF1A) in two distinct skeletal muscle tissues from Tibetan pigs that live at different altitudes (500 and 3650 m). Consistent with the well-characterized role of four hypoxia-related genes in the adaptation to high altitude, we found that, compared with the plain pigs, the plateau pigs had higher mRNA abundances of the four genes and lower myofiber ratio in skeletal muscle. The negative correlation between the myofiber ratio and mRNA abundance of the four hypoxia-related genes highlights their critical roles in skeletal muscle. These findings may be important for understanding skeletal muscle adaptation to high altitude and hypoxia-related muscle diseases in humans.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(3):11587-11593. DOI:10.4238/2015.September.28.10
  • W J Li · Z L Zhang · X M Yu · X L Cai · X L Pan · X Y Yang
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the relationship between claudin-1 and micro-lymphatic vessel density (MLVD) by detecting claudin-1 and protein D2-40 expression in cancer tissue specimens obtained from 97 patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). We also explored the correlation between the expression of these proteins and clinical tumor stage, pathological grading, and clinical prognosis in the patients. Moreover, we studied the mechanism of lymph node metastasis in HSCC, thereby providing information for treating HSCC and inhibiting lymph node metastasis. We detected levels of claudin-1 and protein D2-40 expression in cancer tissue from 97 patients with HSCC and para-tumor tissue from 90 patients by immunohistochemistry; we analyzed the correlation between markers and clinicopathological features by using the Pearson chi-square test and conducted survival analysis by the log-rank test. Claudin-1 expression was high in HSCC and was related to tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis; Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that claudin-1 expression was related to patient survival rate (P = 0.012). There was a significant relationship between MLVD in the tissues adjacent to the carcinoma and the indices of histopathological grade, clinical stage, and lymph node metastasis. There was also a positive correlation between claudin-1 expression and MLVD. High expression of claudin-1 might induce the generation of tumor lymphatic vessels, which increases metastasis in the lymph node. Because claudin-1 is related to patient survival rate, it may be useful as a monitoring index for postoperative HSCC and might be a new target for treating the disease.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 10/2015; 14(4):11814-11826. DOI:10.4238/2015.October.2.15