Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China (Front Architect Civ Eng China )

Publisher: Springer Verlag


Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China - Selected Publications from Chinese Universities offers a multidisciplinary blend of peer-reviewed papers and case studies intended to introduce and reflect enormous achievements in the field of architecture and civil engineering that are currently taking place in China. Coverage includes articles in building design; urban planning and design; and in the engineering fields of bridge construction; traffic and transportation; hydraulics; hydrologic engineering; port, coast and ocean engineering, and hazard resistant engineering mechanics. The aim is to promote rapid communication between scientists and designers in China and abroad.

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    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China website
  • Other titles
    Front. archit. civ. eng. China
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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Springer Verlag

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    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Macroscopic modeling of soils is based on a number of properties that refer to the mesoscopic morphology. The most fundamental parameters of this art are: 1) coupling parameters between partial stresses of components and deformations of components, 2) porosities, 3) saturation, and 4) permeability and diffusivity, tortuosity. The main aim of this paper is to present in juxtaposition continuous one-, two-, and three-component models of geomaterials appearing in construction of embankment dams. In particular, the above mentioned features, especially saturation with water and seepage problems, modeling of fluidization yielding piping, and generalizations of the Darcy law and changes of porosity, are presented. Keywordsthermomechanical modeling–soil morphology–saturation–porosity
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 04/2011; 5(1):11-23.
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    ABSTRACT: Jacques Combault, born in 1943, has been working as bridge designer for more than 30 years, with Campenon Bernard and GTM, both being now companies of VINCI (France). Involved in the development of powerful construction methods, new structural concept and major projects abroad, he is currently Consultant and Technical advisor. Summary Opened to traffic in August 2004, the Rion-Antirion Bridge crosses the Gulf of Corinth near Patras in western Greece. It consists of an impressive multi cable-stayed span bridge connected to the land by two approaches. An exceptional combination of physical conditions made this project quite unusual: high water depth, deep strata of weak soil, strong seismic activity and fault displacements. In addition a risk of heavy ship collision had to be taken into account. The structure has been designed in view of challenging severe earthquakes and ensuring the everyday serviceability of the link as well. To make the bridge feasible, innovative techniques had to be developed: The strength of the in-situ soil has been improved by means of inclusions; the bridge deck has been suspended on its full length, and therefore isolated as much as it can be.
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2011; 5(4).
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents the design guide based on analytical, numerical and experimental investigation of Steel-concrete-steel (SCS) sandwich structural members comprising a lightweight concrete core with density ranged from 1300 to 1445 kg/m3 subjected to static, impact and blast loads. The performance of lightweight sandwich members is also compared with similar members with normal weight concrete core and ultra high strength concrete core (f c = 180 MPa). Novel J-hook shear connectors were invented to prevent the separation of face plates from the concrete core under extreme loads and their uses are not restricted by the concrete core thickness. Flexural and punching are the primary modes of failure under static point load. Impact test results show that the SCS sandwich panels with the J-hook connectors are capable of resisting impact load with less damage in comparison than equivalent stiffened steel plate panels. Blast tests with 100 kg TNT were performed on SCS sandwich specimens to investigate the key parameters that affect the blast resistance of SCS sandwich structure. Plastic yield line method is proposed to predict the plastic capacity and post peak large deflection of the sandwich plates. Finally, an energy balanced model is developed to analyze the global behavior of SCS sandwich panels subjected to dynamic load. Keywordsblast load–composite structure–impact load–lightweight concrete–sandwich plate–J-hook connector
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2011; 5(3):278-293.
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    ABSTRACT: To improve the understanding on the failure behavior and its anchoring effect of weak-broken rock slope, the rock of grade IV according to China is taken as reference prototype, and a series of model tests were carried out in laboratory. These tests can be divided into two categories, that is, with bolt reinforcement and without bolt reinforcement. In which, the stability of slope reinforced with different bolt diameter, different anchor length and different space are studied. The test results show that the collapse of slope is the combination of tension failure at the top and the compression-shearing failure at the bottom of the slope, and its failure process presents progressive characteristics. The contributions of bolt reinforcement are mainly reflected by the aspects of shear resistance, crack resistance and anti-extension. The reinforcement of blot not only can improve the vertical bearing capacity before failure, but also can reduce the vertical settlement and allow greater lateral rock wall deformation; what is more, the stress concentration degree in rock mass can be dispersed, which do help to improve the stability of slope rock mass. Keywordsprogressive failure–weak-broken rock–slope–model test–bolt
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2011; 5(2):208-224.
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    ABSTRACT: Horizontal strengthened storeys are widely used in super high-rise steel structures to improve the lateral structural rigidity. This use has great effects on the seismic properties of the entire structure. The seismic properties of the Wuhan International Securities Building (a 68-storey super high-rise steel structure with three horizontal strengthened storeys) were evaluated in this study. Two approaches, i.e., mode-superposition response spectrum analysis and time-history analysis, were employed to calculate the seismic response of the structure. The response spectrum analysis indicated that transition parts near the three strengthened storeys were weak zones of the structure because of the abrupt change in rigidity. In the response spectrum analysis approach, the Square Root of Sum of Square (SRSS) method was recommended when the vertical seismic effects could be ignored. However, the complete quadratic combination (CQC) method was superior to SRSS method when the vertical seismic effects should be considered. With the aid of time-history analysis, the seismic responses of the structure were obtained. The whiplash effect that spectrum analysis cannot reveal was observed through time-history analysis. This study provides references for the seismic design of super high-rise steel structures with horizontal strengthened storeys. Keywordsseismic analysis–steel structure–super high-rise–horizontal strengthened storey–response spectrum analysis–time-history analysis
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2011; 5(3):394-404.
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    ABSTRACT: Polyvinylchloride (PVC) panel is one of the most favorite decorative materials that has been popularly applied as finishing of ceiling in residential buildings. It is about five years that the people incline to redecorate the ceiling of old buildings with PVC panel in big cities of Iran, such as Mashad. In this study, the influence of ceiling PVC panel on the cooling and heating loads of studied apartment were determined by software DeST-h. In addition, the summer natural ventilation of the mentioned apartment is investigated by determining the wind speed into the apartment through the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. The evaluation of environment indoor wind velocity showed that most of the apartment space is a comfortable zone. The results of studied building analyses demonstrated that using PVC panel on the ceiling can decline the energy consumption of the penthouse (fifth level) of the investigated building, which is about 3.7% and 7% for studied methods of without and with air layer, respectively. In addition, although the existence of air layer can decline the cooling and heating loads, the increase in air layer thickness did not show significant decrease on building energy consumption. However, the PVC panel is expensive and is not suitable to be used for ceiling thermal insulation, but adding a thin layer of air between ceiling and PVC panel can be a good step toward sustainable building, when the people are inclined to utilize it as a decorative ceiling. Keywordsresidential apartments-natural ventilation-energy consumption-decorative materials-Mashad
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2010; 4(4):490-497.
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    ABSTRACT: Trefftz-finite element method (Trefftz-FEM), adaptive cross approximation BEM (ACA BEM) and continuous source function method (CSFM) are used for the simulation of composites reinforced by short fibers (CRSF) with the aim of showing the possibilities of reducing the problem of complicated and important interactions in such composite materials. KeywordsTrefftz-finite element method (Trefftz-FEM)-adaptive cross approximation BEM (ACA BEM)-method of continuous source functions-composite materials-short fibers
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2010; 4(3):396-401.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper addresses the aerodynamic effect on the nonlinear oscillation, particularly parametric vibration of cables in cable-stayed bridges. A simplified 2-DOF model, including a beam and a stayed cable, is formulated first. Response of the cable under global harmonic excitation which is associated with wind speed is obtained using the multiple scales method. Via numerical analysis, the stability condition of the cable in terms of wind speed is derived. The method is applied to a numerical example and a long-span bridge to analyze its all stay cables. It is demonstrated that very large vibration at one of the longest cables in the middle span of the bridge can be parametrically excited when the wind speed is over around 210 km/h (58.5 m/s). Keywordsparametric vibration-cables-cable-stayed bridge-nonlinear vibration
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2010; 4(3):321-325.
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    ABSTRACT: Research on quantificational methods for chromatic-light emotion is an effective way of finding out the laws of light cognitive impact and the solution to the problem on application of light color in landscape lighting. This paper took chromatic-light-induced-emotion towards architectural wall coatings in landscape as the research object. The methods in use were real-state simulation and laboratory quantitative study. Consequently, the study successfully extracted light emotional factors and the rule of predictability to assist landscape light professionals. Keywordslandscape illumination-architectural wall coatings-chromatic-light emotion-quantitative research
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2010; 4(4):498-502.
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    ABSTRACT: The severe problem of rural vernacular houses in northwest china is low thermal comfortableness with high consumption of energy in winter. Under such circumstance, the appropriate technologies that create comfortable living environment under the inclement local weather by low cost should be encouraged. In Ningxia Province, Jianfuqiao village, the ecological technologies are presented. By comparing with traditional buildings, the testing and thermal environment analysis verified the effectiveness of the passive used solar technologies. Keywordsrural houses-ecological technology-thermal environment-northwest China
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2010; 4(4):483-489.
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    ABSTRACT: Discrete element method (DEM) was developed to simulate the corn-shaped particles flow in the hopper. The corn-shaped particle was described by four overlapping spheres. Contact force and gravity force were considered when establishing the model. In addition, flowing characteristic of particles in the hopper was studied. The effect of friction coefficient on the wall pressure, voidage and velocity distribution was analyzed. The results show that the discharge rate decreases with the friction coefficient increasing; and the “over-pressure” phenomenon occurs in the discharging process for two different friction coefficients. The voidage also increases as the friction coefficient increasing. And the velocity distribution is more uniformity and is closer to the mass flow with the friction coefficient deceasing. Keywordsdiscrete element method (DEM)-non-spherical-voidage-pressure-velocity distribution-hopper
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 01/2010; 4(2):267-275.
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    ABSTRACT: Based on a detailed illustration for bridge life cycle design which comprises the processes of service life design, aesthetics design, performance design, environmental and ecological design, inspection, maintenance and repair design as well as cost analysis, this paper presented a general framework for bridge life cycle design comprising three design phases and six design processes.
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 02/2009; 3(1):50-56.
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    ABSTRACT: The vibrations and noises of elevated railway structures have been cause for concern due to their effects on the environment and the people living near elevated lines. In this paper, the main structural features of some new elevated bridges and station hall were introduced. The generation mechanism of vibrations and noise of elevated structures induced by trains were investigated. The noise induced by different types of elevated bridges, their influences on the environment and the theoretical method for the analysis of structure borne noise was analyzed. Finally, several field measurements on train induced noises at the platforms of elevated subway stations and bridges were presented.
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 02/2009; 3(1):9-17.
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, a dynamic analysis model of an elevated bridge with ladder tracks under moving train load is established. The whole process of a train running through an elevated bridge at different speeds is simulated. The dynamic responses of the elevated bridge with ladder track and the running safety and comfort index of train vehicles are evaluated. Compared with the dynamic responses of an elevated bridge with ordinary nonballasted slab track, the ladder track’s effect on reducing the vibration of an elevated bridge is analyzed. The analysis results show that the ladder track has good vibration reduction characteristics as compared to ordinary non-ballasted track.
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 02/2009; 3(1):2-8.
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    ABSTRACT: A vertical ship lift under earthquake excitation may suffer from a whipping effect due to the sudden change of building lateral stiffness at the top of the ship lift towers. This paper proposes a roof magnetorheological (MR) intelligent isolation system to prevent the seismic whipping effect on machinery structures. Theoretically, the dynamic models of MR damper and the mechanical model of ship lift was established, the inverse neural network controlling algorithm was proposed and the fundamental semi-active control equation for the Three-Gorges ship lift where the MR intelligent isolation system was installed was deduced. Experimentally, the experimental model of the ship lift was given, the vibrating table experiment of the MR intelligent isolation system controlling the whipping effect was carried out and the results of the inverse neural network control strategy and passive isolation strategy were compared. In practical aspect, the large-scale MR damper (500 kN) and a sliding support with limited stiffness were designed and fabricated. It was proven that the MR intelligent isolation system with proper control strategy can greatly reduce the seismic whipping effect on the top workshop of the ship lift and be simple and effective enough to be applied to real engineering structures.
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 02/2009; 3(1):32-41.
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    ABSTRACT: For the design and operation of a floating bridge, the understanding of its hydroelastic behavior in waves is of great importance. This paper investigated the hydroelastic performances of a ribbon bridge under wave action. A brief introduction on the estimation of dynamic responses of the floating bridge and the comparisons between the experiments and estimation were presented. Based on the 3D hydroelasticity theory, the hydroelastic behavior of the ribbon bridge modeled by finite element method (FEM) was analyzed by employing the mode superposition method. And the relevant comparisons between the numerical results and experimental data obtained from one tenth scale elastic model test in the ocean basin were made. It is found that the present method is applicable and adaptable for predicting the hydroelastic response of the floating bridge in waves.
    Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China 02/2009; 3(1):57-62.

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