Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University Impact Factor & Information

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ISSN 1673-4254

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: We report a case of rectum telangiectasia, a rare form of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage caused by vascular malformation. The patient underwent laparoscopic assisted abdomino-perineal resection of the sigmoid colon-rectum telangiectasia. The extent and degree of pathological changes were observed directly from the intestinal wall during laparoscopic surgery, and after collection of biopsy evidence, concomitant definitive surgery was performed to achieve a minimally invasive effect.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1508-1510.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the protective effect of Sanhuangyinchi Fang drug serum (SF) against hydrogen peroxide-mediated DNA oxidative damage in LO2 cells. Methods: The LO2 cells were randomly divided into the control group , H2O2 group, SF groups (5%, 10%, and 15%) and vitE group. The morphological features of the treated LO2 cells were observed under inverted microscope. The viability of the treated cells was assessed with CCK-8 method, and the activity of SOD, CAT and GSH-PX were detected biochemically. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, the content of 8-OHdG, and DNA damage of the cells were evaluated by flow cytometry, ELISA, and Comet assay, respectively. Results: Compared with H2O2 group, the cells in SF groups (10% and 15%) and vitE group showed higher cell survival rate (P<0.05) and higher SOD, CAT, GSH-PX (P<0.05) and ROS scavenging activities (P<0.01) with markedly decreases the content of 8-OHdG (P<0.01) and reduced tailing ratio, tail length, tail moment and Olive tail moment (P<0.05). Conclusion: SF drug serum, especially at the concentration of 15%, can protect LO2 cells from H2O2-mediated DNA oxidative damage.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1434-1439.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To establish a mouse model bearing human choriocarcinoma xenograft in severe combined immuno-deficient (SCID) beige mice and investigate the disease course and biological behaviors of the tumors. Methods: Human choriocarcinoma JAR cells were injected in female SCID beige mice (3-5 weeks old) either subcutaneously (group A, n=6) or via the tail vein (group B, n=6). Morphological studies, radioactive immunoassay, in vivo tumor imaging and histopathological examinations were performed to confirm JAR cell engraftment at the subcutaneous injection site and in the lungs of the mice. Results: On day 28 after tumor cell inoculation, the mice in group A showed palpable subcutaneous nodules, and HE staining revealed morphological features of the nodules consistent with choriocarcinoma cells; in vivo imaging in group B showed single or multiple solid tumor masses in the lungs, and tissue biopsy examination demonstrated varying degrees of tumor cell infiltration. Compared with the control mice, peripheral blood β-HCG levels in both groups A and B increased significantly on day 14 after cell inoculation (P<0.05), and the increment was more conspicuous in group B (P<0.05). Conclusion: Mouse models bearing human choriocarcinoma xenograft can be successfully established by injecting JAR cells either subcutaneously or via the tail vein to mimic the characteristics of epithelial solid tumors and lung metastasis of human choriocarcinoma.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1406-1410.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the differential expressions of nucleolin in invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma, cervical intraepithelial neoplasms (CIN) and normal cervical epithelial tissues and explore the role of nucleolin in the carcinogenesis and progression of cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: Fifty specimens of invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma, 65 specimens of CIN, and 60 adjacent normal cervical epithelial tissue specimens were examined immunohistochemically for nucleolin expression. The correlation of nucleolin expression levels with histological grades of invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma and CIN were analyzed. Results: The specimens of invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma showed a significantly higher positivity rate for nucleolin expression than CIN and normal cervical epithelial tissues, and the rate in CIN tissues was significantly higher than that in normal cervical epithelial tissues (P<0.01). The expression level of nucleolin was significantly higher in invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma than in CIN and normal cervical epithelia tissues, and higher in CIN than in normal cervical epithelia tissues, whose immunostaining scores were 7.6∓0.3, 6.1∓0.2, and 3.0∓0.2, respectively (P<0.01). The mean nucleolin immunostaining score was significantly higher in poorly and moderately differentiated than in highly differentiated cervical squamous cell carcinoma (7.9 vs 7.1, P<0.01), and higher in high grade CIN than in low grade CIN tissues (6.0 vs 4.0, P<0.01). Conclusions: Overexpression of nucleolin plays an important role during carcinogenesis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and is positively correlated with tumor progression of CIN and cervical squamous cell carcinoma.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1511-1514.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of bicyclol combined with ganciclocir on infantile cytomegalovirus hepatitis. Methods: Seventy infants with cytomegalovirus hepatitis were randomized into treatment group (n=35) and control group (n=35) for a 2-week-long treatment with ganciclocir (5 mg/kg) with and without oral bicyclol (3 mg/kg, twice daily), respectively. Results: In both groups, significant changes occurred in the levels of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, serum total bilirubin, serum total bile acid, and glutamyl transpeptidase after the 2-week treatment (P<0.01); these parameters differed significantly between the two groups after the treatment (P<0.01). Compared with those in the control group, the infants in the treatment group showed significantly better responses to the treatment (P<0.05) with a significantly higher rate of serum anti CMV IgM negativity (P<0.05). Conclusions: Bicyclol combined with ganciclocir can reduce glutamic pyruvic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and serum total bilirubin, and decrease bile acid levels to lessen liver cell damage and promote the recovery of liver cells.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1505-1507.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effects of interleukin-27 (IL-27) and its receptor (WSX-1) on the proliferation, transformation and collagen synthesis of the mouse lung fibroblasts. Methods: Cultured mouse lung fibroblasts were treated with TGF-β1, recombinant murine IL-27, a IL-27 receptor (IL-27R) overexpression vector IL-27R/pCDNA3.1, IL-27 and IL-27R, or all the 3 combined. MTT assay was used to assess the proliferation of the cells, and RT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to examine the mRNA and protein expressions of a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and types I and III collagen; immunofluorescence assay was used to test the expression and location of α-SMA. Results: TGF-β1 promoted the cell proliferation and obviously enhanced α-SMA expression and types I and III collagen synthesis in the fibroblasts. Both IL-27 and IL-27R significantly inhibited the proliferation of the pulmonary fibroblasts and obviously decreased their α-SMA expression and types I and III collagen synthesis, but when combined,they produced no obvious inhibitory effect on TGF-1-induced proliferation and transformation of pulmonary fibroblasts. Conclusion: Both IL-27 and IL-27R alone can suppress the proliferation, transformation, and collagen synthesis of mouse pulmonary fibroblasts, but their combined treatment produces no such inhibitory effect because of the neutralization of exogenous IL-27 by IL-27R to result in the failure of activating the cell signaling pathways.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1411-1416.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the effects of methylglyoxal on endothelia cell migration. Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were stimulated by serial concentrations of methylglyoxal (MGO, 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 µmol/L) for 24 h, and the cell migration was assessed by scratch wound and Transwell assay. The expression of integrin β3 in the treated cells was examined by immunoblotting, and the effect of an anti-β3 antibody, LM609, on cell migration was investigated. Results: Methylglyoxal significantly inhibited HUVEC migration in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.05). Methylglyoxal decreased the expression of integrin β3 in a time- and concentration-dependent manner (P<0.05). LM609 also significantly inhibited HUVEC migration (P<0.05). Conclusion: Methylglyoxal inhibits HUVEC migration in vitro by down-regulating integrin β3 expression.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1395-1399.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To test whether intracytoplasmic injection of morphologically selected spermatozoa (IMSI) from patients with male factor infertility can improve the clinical and embryo development outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (ICSI-ET). Methods: We performed IMSI for 82 couples diagnosed with obstructive azoospermia at high magnification (×6600) and traditional ICSI for another 91 couples using testicular sperms. We also performed IMSI for 44 couples with teratozoospermia at high magnification (×6600) and traditional ICSI for 71 patients using ejaculated sperms. The clinical and embryo development outcomes were compared between the cycles. Results: For obstructive azoospermia, IMSI and ICSI showed no significant difference in the rates of cleavage (95.5% vs 96.7%), D3 top quality embryos (28.2% vs 29.2%), implantation (26.4% vs 32.3%), pregnancy (47.3% vs 50%), blastocyst formation (54.3% vs 54.6%), or abortion (14% vs 7.3%) (P>0.05), but a significantly higher normal fertilization rate was achieved in IMSI group (84.3% vs 77%, P<0.05). For teratozoospermia, the 2 techniques resulted in no significant differences in the rates of cleavage (96.2% vs 95.2%), D3 top quality embryo (27.6% vs 27.1%), implantation (28.2% vs 30.7%), pregnancy (43.7% vs 43.2%), or abortion (9.7% vs 10.5%) (P>0.05), but the normal fertilization rate (68% vs 75.5%) and the blastocyst formation rate (54.6% vs 67.9% ) were significantly higher in IMSI group (P<0.05). Conclusion: IMSI can improve the normal fertilization rates in couples with male factor infertility (including obstructive azoospermia and teratozoospermia) and increase blastocyst formation rate in cases of azoospermia.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1428-1433.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on inflammatory reaction, oxidative stress, and renal pathologies in a rat model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis. Methods: Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, including a sham-operated group, LPS group with LPS (5 mg/kg) injection via the caudal vein 30 min before the operation, dexmedetomidine (Dex) +LPS group with additional Dex (10 µg/kg) injection via the caudal vein 10 min before LPS injection, and yohimbine+DEX+LPS group with intraperitoneal yohimbine (1 mg/kg) injection 40 min before and Dex injection 10 min before LPS injection. The levels of IL-1β, SOD and MDA in the plasma and renal tissues were determined, and the renal pathologies were examined. Results: Compared with the sham-operated rats, the rats in LPS group showed significantly increased IL-1β and MDA levels and lowered SOD activity in the plasma and renal tissues (P<0.05) with obvious renal pathologies. Dex pretreatment obviously lowered IL-1β and MDA levels and enhanced SOD activity in the plasma and renal tissues in LPS-challenged rats (P<0.05), and significantly lessened LPS-induced renal pathologies. Conclusion: Dex can protect the rats against LPS-induced renal injury by alleviating the inflammatory reactions and cytokine oxidative stress, and this effect is mediated possibly by α2 receptors.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1472-1475.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of closed vacuum drainage combined with heparin irrigation in the treatment of scald burns with seawater immersion in rabbits. Methods: Twenty New Zealand rabbits were subjected to deep partial-thickness scald burns in 4 regions on the bilateral skin of the spine. The wounds were managed with common dressing (group A), common dressing after seawater immersion (group B), closed vacuum drainage after seawater immersion (group C), or closed vacuum drainage combined with heparin irrigation after seawater immersion (group D). Wound effusion and tissue necrosis were observed at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after the burns. Tissue samples were collected from the wounds for HE staining and immunohistochemistry for VEGF and CD31, and the changes of capillary endothelial cells in the wound were observed using electron microscopy. The water content in the wound tissues was determined, and the wound healing rate was calculated after the injury. Results: Sea water immersion of the wound results in earlier onset of edema and more extensive tissue necrosis in the scalded rabbits. The mean necrotic area in groups C and D was smaller than that in group B early after the burns, and vacuum drainage promoted necrotic tissue elimination and accelerated wound healing. Early after the burns, water content in the tissues increased with time in all the groups and reached the highest level at 3 days, and was significantly lower in groups C and D than in group B. Pathologically, vascular endothelial cell damage at the wound site was worsened after seawater immersion. In group D, the basement membrane damage was milder and the endothelial cell membrane remained intact at the wound site, where new blood vessels occurred at 3 days after the burns, a time earlier than that in the other 3 groups with also the highest vascular density. Conclusions: Closed vacuum drainage combined with heparin irrigation can relieve edema at the scald wound with seawater immersion, improve microcirculation, accelerate the removal of necrotic tissue, and promote the growth of new blood vessels.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1481-1486.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the role of transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1) in airway remodeling and the effect of budesonide intervention on its expression in the lungs of guinea pigs with ovalbumin-induced asthma. Methods: Fifty male guinea pigs were randomized into 5 equal groups, including a blank control group, ovalbumin group, ovalbumin+TRPC1 siRNA group, ovalbumin+luciferase siRNA group, and ovalbumin+budesonide group. After corresponding treatments, bronchoalveolar lavage was collected from the guinea pigs for eosinophils analysis and detection of IL-5 and IL-13 levels using ELISA. The lung tissues were stained with HE and Masson's trichrome to observe the bronchial wall thickness, smooth muscle hypertrophy, subepithelial collagen deposition, and lung inflammations. Immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative PCR were performed to detect TRPC1 protein and mRNA expressions in the lungs, respectively. Results: The guinea pig models of ovalbumin-induced asthma showed significantly increased thickness of the bronchial wall, smooth muscle hypertrophy, collagen deposition and inflammatory cell infiltration, but these pathologies were obviously alleviated by treatment with TRPC1 siRNA or budesonide (P/0.05). Immunohistochemstry showed that TRPC1 protein was distributed mainly on the cell membrane and in the nuclei of the basal cells or columnar epithelial cells. Conclusion: The up-regulated expression of TRPC1 ion channel is closely associated with the occurrence and progression of airway remodeling and chronic airway inflammation in asthma. Budesonide can partially suppress airway remodeling and inflammation by regulating the expression of TRPC1.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1374-1379.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the effect of miR-20b in inhibiting airway inflammation in a mouse model of asthma. Methods: Female BALB/c mouse models of asthma, established by sensitizing and challenging the mice with a mixture of ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide, were subjected to intranasal instillation of 20 µg miR-20b mimics or a miR-20b scramble every 3 days. On day 49, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected from the mice to examine the counts of total cells and different cell populations; HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the lung tissue, and the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in BALF was detected by ELISA. Results: Treatment of the asthmatic mice with miR-20b mimics decreased not only the counts of the total leukocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils in the BALF but also mucus secretion in the airway and inflammatory cell infiltration around the bronchus, and lessened thickening of the airway mucosa. Instillation with miR-20b mimics significantly reduced the concentration of VEGF in BALF from 28.55∓3.42 pg/mL in the asthma model group to 18.19∓3.67 pg/mL (P<0.01). Conclusion: MiR-20b can inhibit airway inflammation in asthmatic mice possibly by reducing the expression of VEGF.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1463-1466.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To survey the prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) in woman in Guangzhou during the period from 2013 to 2014. Methods: A total of 2501 women in Guangzhou seeking medical attention in our hospital underwent high-risk HPV genotype screening of cervical specimens using real-time PCR. Results: The prevalence of high-risk HPV infection among the women was 14.85% (146/983) in the year 2013, similar to the rate of 14.56% (221/1518) in 2014 (Χ(2)=0.041, P=0.839); no significant differences were found in the high-risk HPV infection rates between different age groups in either 2013 (Χ(2)=2.916, P=0.572) or 2014 (Χ(2)=6.494, P=0.165). The constituent ratio of the 13 types of high-risk HPV showed no significant difference between 2013 and 2014 (Χ(2)=11.872, P=0.452). The 13 HPV genotypes detected, listed in a descending order of the constituent ratios, included HPV-52, -16, -58, -56, -39, -51, -68, -59, -31, -35, -18, -33 and -45 in 2013, and were HPV-52, -16, -58, -68, -18, -51, -56, -39, -31, -33, -59, -35 and-45 in 2014. Conclusion: We report a high prevalence of high-risk HPV among women in Guangzhou, which suggests the necessity of screening for high-risk HPV-DNA among women at all ages for prevention and early detection of cervical cancer.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1487-1491.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of bafilomycin A1 (BAF) on the cell proliferation, invasiveness, apoptosis, and oxaliplatin sensitivity in gastric cancer MGC-803 cells. Methods: MGC-803 cells were divided into control group, BAF group, oxaliplatin group, and BAFµ oxaliplatin group. MTT assay and plate clone formation assay were used to assess the viability and colony forming ability of the cells after the treatments. The expression of nucleosomes in the cells was examined with ELISA. The cell migration and invasion after the treatments were evaluated. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in the treated cells, and scanning electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were employed to to observe the cell autophagy. Results: Compared with the control cells, the cells treated with BAF showed a substantial decrease in autophagosome accumulation with attenuated cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Compared with cells treated with oxaliplatin alone, the cells treated with both BAF and oxaliplatin showed significantly lowered autophagosome accumulation, suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion, increased cell apoptosis, increased Bax expression and lowered Bcl-2 expression. Conclusion: BAF can inhibit the proliferation and invasiveness of MGC-803 cells, promote cell apoptosis by inhibiting autophagy, and enhances the sensitivity of the cells to oxaliplatin.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1400-1405.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the risk factors contributing to the development of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and sleep hypopnea (SH) in patients with growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma (GHPA). Methods: A total of 85 patients with GHPA recruited strictly according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent sleep monitoring overnight. Clinical manifestations, laboratory data and magnet resonance images were collected for analysis of the risk factors of GHPA and SH using binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence rate of OSAHS was 62.4% (53/85), and that of SH was 75.3% (64/85) in the recruited patients with GHPA. Regression analysis showed that age (OR=1.107) and BMI (OR=1.166) were the risk factors for OSAHS, and BMI (OR=1.334) was the risk factor of SH. Conclusion: Ageing and an increased BMI are independent risk factors for OSAHS and SH in patients with GHPA. Preoperative sleep monitoring should be routinely conducted to ensure early diagnosis of OSAHS and SH, and patients with GHPA should be advised to control their body weight to lower the mortality associated with the respiratory system.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1501-1504.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the association between SLC22A1 expression and the outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Methods: A tissue microarray of 303 HCC and matched adjacent noncancerous liver tissues (ANLTs) were constructed. The expression of SLC22A1 was tested by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and scored by two pathologists according to a 12-score scale (a score>6 was defined as high expression, and a score≤6 as low expression). The correlation of SLC22A1 expression with the clinicopathological features and the patients' outcome was analyzed. Results: All the ANLTs had a IHC score of 12, as compared to only 29 (9.6%) of the HCC tissues. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the IHC scores: 59% (180/303) in low expression group and 41% (123/303) in high expression group. The disease-free survival (DFS) rates and overall survival (OS) rates were significantly lower in low SLC22A1 expression group than in the high expression group. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year DFS rates were 43%, 31% and 27% in the low expression group, and were 58%, 47% and 43% in the high expression group, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 66%, 38% and 32% in low expression group, and were 80%, 57% and 50% in the high expression group, respectively. A low expression of SLC22A1 was positively correlated with the tumor diameter, BCLC stage, tumor differentiation, and AFP levels (P<0.05), and was an independent predictor of poor overall survival (HR=1.454; 95% CI, 1.050-2.013). Conclusions: Down-regulation of SLC22A1 is a malignant feature and a potential prognostic marker of HCC.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1417-1421.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate zonal variation of GAG content in reparative cartilage after matrix associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) using delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the cartilage (dGEMRIC). Methods: Seven patients (14 cartilage defects) undergoing MACI were recruited for examination with dGEMRIC at 3, 6, and 12 months after the procedure to calculate global and zonal longitudinal relaxivity (Delta R1) of the normal cartilage and reparative cartilage. Results: The mean Delta R1 values of normal cartilage were significantly lower than those of reparative cartilage after MACI. A significant decrease was noted in the mean Delta R1 values from the deep layer to the superficial layer in the reparative cartilage at the 3 examinations. The Delta R1 values of the reparative cartilage showed no significant variation between 3 months and 6 months, but a significant decrease in the Delta values occurred at 12 months. Conclusions: dGEMRIC is feasible to assess cartilage repair noninvasively following MACI.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1467-1471.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the relationship between knee osteoarthritis (OA) and intercondylar notch narrowing based on the notch width index. Methods: Magnetic resonance (MR) images were collected from middle-aged and elderly patients with a definite diagnosis of knee OA, including 42 with mild OA and 37 with moderate to severe OA, with 70 healthy individuals serving as the control group. The notch width indexes NWI, NWI-A, and NWI-P on the coronal images at different levels were calculated, and the intercondylar notch was classified, according to the features on axial MR images, into types A, U, and W. The association of OA with NWI, NWI-A, NWI-P, and notch type was determined, and the cutoff values were obtained based on the ROC curves at different levels as indicators for diagnosis of intercondylar notch stenosis. Results: In the control, mild OA, moderate to severe OA groups, the NWI value on coronal MR images were 0.252∓0.019, 0.251∓0.017, and 0.240∓0.020, NWI-A were 0.261∓0.024, 0.259∓0.023, and 0.245∓0.023, and NWI-P were 0.271∓0.026, 0.270∓0.024, and 0.254∓0.022, respectively. Patients with moderate to severe OA had significantly smaller NWI, NWI-A, and NWI-P than the other two groups (P<0.05), and a significant association was found between NWI values at each level and the occurrence of moderate to severe OA (P<0.01). A NWI value<0.248, NWI-A<0.256, and NWI-P<0.266 supported a diagnosis of intercondylar notch narrowing. Type A intercondylar notch was found in the majority of patients with intercondylar notch narrowing (P<0.05). Conclusion: Patients with moderate to severe OA have significant intercondylar notch narrowing, and patients with a type A intercondylar notch are more likely to have intercondylar notch narrowing than those with type U notch.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1384-1389.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To propose a new method for dynamic positron emission tomographic (PET) image reconstruction using low rank and sparse penalty (L&S). Methods: The L&S reconstruction model was established and the split Bregman method was used to solve the optimal cost function. The one-tissue compartment model was used to simulate a set of PET 82Rb myocardial perfusion image. The L&S reconstruction method was compared with maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) method, low-rank penalty method and sparse penalty method. Results: The L&S reconstruction method had the smallest MSE and well maintained the feature information. The polar map created by L&S method was the most similar with the reference actual polar map. Conclusion: L&S reconstruction method is better than the other three methods in both visual and quantitative analysis of the PET images.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1446-1450.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the difference between adolescent and adult C57BL/6J mice in response to rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) deprivation in terms of anxiety behavior and hippocampal NO level. Methods: Both adolescent and adult C57BL/6J mice were divided into normal control (NC) group, wide platform (WP) group, and 24-hour REMS deprivation group, each group consisting of 15 mice. REMS deprivation models were established using a small platform in water tank, and the elevated plus maze test was used to examine anxiety behavior of the mice. After behavioral tests, the mice were sacrificed to examine hippocampal NO levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and hippocampal nNOS protein expression was detected with Western blotting. Results: The adolescent C57BL/6J mice showed no obvious differences in anxiety behaviors between the 3 groups, but NO level and nNOS expression in the hippocampus was significantly higher in REMSD group than in NC and WP groups (P<0.01). The adult mice in REMSD group, compared with those in the other two groups, exhibited significantly increased total number of arm entry (P<0.01), lowered number of open arm entry and reduced open arm time (P<0.01), increased number of close arm entry and prolonged close arm time (P<0.01 or 0.05); no obvious differences in NO level or nNOS expression in the hippocampus were found in the 3 groups of adult mice. Conclusion: REMS deprivation produces different effects on anxiety-related behaviors between adolescent and adult mice possibly in relation to their different responses in terms of NO levels and nNOS expression in the hippocampus.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 11/2015; 35(10):1476-1480.