Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University Impact Factor & Information

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Website Journal of Southern Medical University / Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao website
ISSN 1673-4254

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effects of continuous blood purification (CBP) on extravascular lung water and respiratory function in patients with extrapulmonary acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDSexp). The data of 31 patients with ARDSexp admitted in our department were retrospectively analyzed.Sixteen of the patients received CBP, and the other 15 patients did not (control group). The level of extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI), and respiratory function were measured before and after CPB. The mortality rate was significantly lower in CBP group than in the control group (12.5% vs 33.3%, P<0.05). The patients in CPB group showed markedly earlier and significantly greater improvements in EVLWI, PVPI, PaO2/FiO, and respiratory function than the control patients (P<0.05). CBP can reduce EVLWI and PVPI, improve pulmonary compliance and oxygenation, and reduce mortality rate in patients with ARDSexp.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1047-1049.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the role of ZNF217 in regulating cell proliferation, migration and invasion in glioma cells. A lentivirus-mediated shRNA-ZNF217 vector was infected into glioma U251 cells, and the interference efficiency was examined by Western blotting. MTT assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay, and Boyden chamber assay were used to analyze the changes in cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in ZNF217-related genes in the cells. shRNA-ZNF217 transfection significantly inhibited the expression of ZNF217 in U251 cells and suppressed the cell migration, invasion, growth, and cell cycle transition. ZNF217 knockdown downregulated the expression of pPI3, pAKT, C-Myc, and the mesenchyme biomarker N-cadherin, and stimulated the expression of the epithelium biomarker E-cadherin. ZNF217 promotes cell migration, invasion, and growth by activating PI3K/AKT signal to upregulate C-Myc and by modulating the genes associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition in glioma cells.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1024-1027.
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    ABSTRACT: Super-resolution image reconstruction techniques play an important role for improving image resolution of lung 4D-CT. We presents a super-resolution approach based on fast sub-pixel motion estimation to reconstruct lung 4D-CT images. A fast sub-pixel motion estimation method was used to estimate the deformation fields between "frames", and then iterative back projection (IBP) algorithm was employed to reconstruct high-resolution images. Experimental results showed that compared with traditional interpolation method and super-resolution reconstruction algorithm based on full search motion estimation, the proposed method produced clearer images with significantly enhanced image structure details and reduced time for computation.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1034-1038.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effect of ouabain on intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) in thoracic aorta vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vitro. Primary SD rat thoracic aorta VSMCs were cultured by tissue adherent method and identified by immunochemistry. The binding ability between ouabain and VSMCs was detected by autoradiography, and fluo 3-AM (a Ca(2+) fluorescent probe) was employed to investigate whether ouabain affected VSMCs within a short period of time. The effect of a truncated fragment of the sodium pump α2 subunit was assayed in antagonizing the effect of ouabain on [Ca(2+)]i in the VSMCs. Within the concentration range of 0.1-100 nmol/L, ouabain was found to dose-dependently bind to the VSMCs. Different concentrations of ouabain (0-3200 nmol/L) caused a transient, dose-dependent increase in [Ca(2+)]i in the VSMCs, which was antagonized by the application of the truncated fragment of sodium pump α2 subunit. Elevations in [Ca(2+)]i in the VSMCs can be the cytological basis of high ouabain-induced hypertension. The truncated fragment of the sodium pump α2 subunit can antagonize ouabain-induced increase of [Ca(2+)]i in the VSMCs, which provides a clue for understanding the pathogenesis of and devising a therapeutic strategy for high ouabain-induced hypertension.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):960-965.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGFBBB) on rat corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) cell proliferation, migration and phenotypic modulation and explore the underlying mechanisms. Wistar rat CCSM cells were obtained through a modified tissue culture method and identified by immunofluorescence assay. The effect of PDGFBB on the proliferation of CCSM cells was investigated using a CCK-8 kit and the optimum PDGFBB concentration for cell treatment was determined. CCSM cells were treated with vehicle or PDGF-BB at the optimum concentration, and the cell migration was examined using scratch assay; the mRNA expression of the transcription factor myocardin and the contractile phenotype markers αSMA and SMMHC in CCSM cells were determined by qRT-PCR at 24 h and 48 h. The protein expression of myocardin in CCSM cells incubated with PDGFBB for 0, 24 and 48 h was examined by Western blotting. In CCSM cell culture, 96.5%and 96% of the cells were positive for αSMA and smoothelin, respectively. PDGFBB at different concentrations markedly promoted the proliferation of CCSM cells; the optimum PDGFBB concentration for enhancing cell proliferation was 12.5 ng/mL, which induced the migration of CCSM cells and significantly reduced the mRNA expressions of myocardin, αSMA and SMMHC (P<0.01). Exposure to PDGFBB decreased the protein expression of myocardin as the exposure time extended (within 48 h). CCSM cells of a high purity can be obtained by the modified tissue culture method. PDGFBB can promote the proliferation and migration of CCSM cells and cause a phenotypic conversion from the contractile to the synthetic type possibly by down-regulating myocardin.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):971-976.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of serum pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) level and polymorphisms in PEDF gene promoter region -358G→A with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) of Han Nationality in Fujian Province. A total of 282 T2DM patients with NAFLD (DM1 group) and 170 age- and gender-matched T2DM patients without NAFLD (DM2 group) were examined for PEDF gene SNP-358G→A polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Serum pigment epithelium-derived factor(PEDF) level, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting insulin (FINS) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were also measured. The patients in DM1 group showed a significantly higher mean level of serum PEDF than those in DM2 group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that PEDF level was an independent risk factor for NAFLD in T2DM. The frequencies of PEDF gene -358G→A genotypes (GG, GA, and AA) and alleles (G/A) differed significanly between DM1 and DM2 groups (P<0.05). In terms of PEDF gene SNP -358G→A alleles, the GA genotype carriers had a 2.032 times higher risk of developing NAFLD compared with the GG genotype carriers, and the risk increased to 2.068 times in the carriers of the A allele (GA and AA genotypes; P<0.05). Serum PEDF level is an independent risk factor of NAFLD in T2DM. Elevated serum PEDF level is a protective factor against insulin resistance. In T2DM patients, PEDF gene promoter region -358G→A polymorphism is associated with NAFLD, and the A allele contributes to an increased risk of NAFLD.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1019-1023.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of SFRP4 and DKK1 in cervical squamous cell carcinoma and explore the clinicopathological implications. Immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect the expressions of SFRP4 and DKK1 in 66 cervical squamous cell carcinoma and 26 normal cervical specimens. SFRP4 expression was significantly higher (P<0.01) and DKK1 expression was significantly lower (P<0.05) in the carcinoma tissues than in normal cervical tissues. DKK1 was negatively correlated with SFRP4 in the carcinoma tissues (P<0.01), and their expressions were associated with the clinical stages, tumor differentiation, depth of invasion and lymph node metastasis of the tumors (P<0.05). SFRP4 and DKK1, the upstream components of the Wnt pathway, play a key role in the tumorigenesis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and their expressions are associated with the clinicopathological features of the malignancy.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1063-1067.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) in regulating the proliferation of hypoxia-exposed glioma cells in vitro and explore the possible molecular mechanisms. Human glioblastoma U87MG cells was transfected with specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) constructs targeting SphK1, and the efficiency of SphK1 knockdown was validated by real-time PCR and Western blotting. The cells transfected with SphK1 siRNA and with a negative control siRNA were then exposed to 3% oxygen or 150 µmol/L CoCl2 to induce hypoxia. The cell proliferation and cell cycle changes following the exposure were evaluated with the Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometry, respectively, and the intracellular Ca(2+) changes were monitored using Flou-4/AM under an inverted laser scanning confocal microscope. SphK1 knockdown significantly reduced hypoxia-induced calcium reflux and suppressed the cell proliferation. Application of OAG, an activator of calcium channels, however, obviously enhanced the cell proliferation under hypoxia. SphK1 promotes the proliferation of glioma cells under hypoxia via regulating calcium signaling.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1014-1018.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the factors that affect the sex ratio of live births in procedures of assisted reproductive technology (ART). The clinical data were collected from 4348 IVF-ET/freeze-thawed embryo transfer cycles that led to the birth of 5606 babies of known gender between 2008 and 2014. We assessed the impact of maternal age, paternal age, insemination method, the type of embryo transferred, stage of embryo transferred, single and twin births, previous abortion following ART, and cause of infertility on the sex ratio of the live births. The total cohort included 3019 male and 2588 female babies, with a general sex ratio of 116:100. The sex ratio was 117:100 among singleton deliveries and 116:100 among twin deliveries. The sex ratio was 117:100 among the first births with ART treatment and 117:100 among the second births. For singleton deliveries, an advanced maternal age or paternal age was significantly correlated with an elevated sex ratio of births (58.4% vs 52.8%, P=0.012; 56.4% vs 52.3%, P=0.026), while ICSI was significantly correlated with a decreased sex ratio of births (45.7% vs 55.6%, P<0.001); for twin deliveries, none of the these factors was significantly correlated with the sex ratio of birth. For the first baby born after ART treatment, an advanced maternal age was significantly related to an increased sex ratio of births (57.4% vs 53.0%, P=0.009), while ICSI was significantly related to a decreased sex ratio of births (48.6% vs 55.4%, P=0.001); for the second baby born with ART treatment, none of these factors was significantly correlated with the sex ratio of birth. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that the maternal age (OR:0.836, 95% CI 0.731-0.955, P<0.05) and insemination method (OR:1.151, 95% CI 1.027-1.289, P<0.05) were significantly related to the sex ratio of birth, but in multivariable logistic regression analysis, after controlling for compounding factors, none of these factors was identified as independent predictive factors for sex ratio of births. An advanced maternal age is related to a higher live birth sex ratio, while ICSI is related to a decreased percentage of male babies. For singleton deliveries, an advanced paternal age is related to a higher sex ratio of births.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):977-984.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the histomorphology and the expressions of the proliferation marker Ki-67 and estrogen receptor in the uterus of mice with autoimmune premature ovarian failure (POF) induced by zona pellucida 3 peptide (pZP3). Autoimmune POP models were established in 20 female BALB/c mice (7-8 weeks old) by immunization with pZP3 and another 20 mice served as the control group. The POP models were verified by vaginal cytology, serum sex hormones, ovary histomorphology and ZP3 antibody immunohistochemistry. The histomorphology and expressions of Ki-67, estrogen receptor α and estrogen receptor β in the uterus of the mice were detected. Autoimmune POP models were estblished successfully in 80% of the mice at 8 weeks after the immunization. Compared with those in the control group, the mice in the model group showed a smaller volume of the uterus, thinner endometrium and a reduced number of glands. The luminal epithelial cells, glandular epithelial cells and stromal cells in the uterus of the model mice all presented with a lower expression of Ki-67 than those in the control group, and Ki-67 translocation from the nuclei to the cytoplasm was found in the model group. The luminal epithelial cells, glandular epithelial cells and stromal cells showed positive ERα immunoreactivity in the model group but not in the control group. No obvious ERβ expression was found in the uterus in either of the groups. pZP3 can induce autoimmune POP, cause suppressed proliferation of the endometrial epithelial cells and stromal cells, and reduce the cellular expression of ERα in the uterus of mice.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):992-997.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the changes in quantitative kinetic parameters in dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) during radiotherapy and their value for efficacy evaluation in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Twenty-four patients with NPC that had been pathologically confirmed as poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma underwent conventional MRI and DCE-MRI scans 1-2 days before radiotherapy (Pre-RT), during radiotherapy (RT 50 Gy), and upon completion of radiotherapy (RT 70 Gy). Based on the two-compartment model and using the arterial input function deconvolution technique, we calculated the quantitative kinetic parameters of DCE-MRI (K(trans), kep, and Ve) of the tumor tissues, examined the correlation between the tumor regression rate (RS0-50) and the parameters on Pre-RT and RT 50 Gy, and compared the parameters for RT 70 Gy among the groups with different prognosis. The K(trans) value of the tumor tissue decreased after radiotherapy and showed a significant difference between Pre-RT and RT 70 Gy, but not between Pre-RT and RT 50 Gy. The kep value decreased and Ve value increased after radiotherapy. The tumor regression rate was found to be positively correlated with the K(trans) value for Pre-RT (P=0.005) but negatively with the K(trans) value for RT 50 Gy (P=0.001). During the follow-up for 3 years, 5 patients died and 3 patients had distant metastases. No statistical differences in K(trans), kep, or Ve were found between the groups with different prognosis. The kinetic parameters in DCE-MRI, which vary significantly during radiotherapy, allow monitoring of tumor angiogenesis and vascular permeability and quantitative assessment of treatment efficacy for NPC. K(trans) value for Pre-RT and RT 50 Gy can serve as an indicator for early efficacy assessment of radiotherapy and for treatment adjustment, but its relation with the long-term outcomes awaits further study.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):954-959.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of indomethacin on the proliferation and Wnt/β-catenin pathway in K562 cells. The cell growth of K562 cells treated with different concentrations of indomethacin was assessed with MTT assay, and the colony-forming ability of the cells was evaluated by colony-forming assay. The mRNA expressions of BCR/ABL and β-catenin were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of pBCR/ABL, total BCR/ABL, β-catenin, pGSK-3β and c-myc were analyzed by Western blotting. Indomethacin significantly suppressed the growth and colony-forming ability of K562 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Indomethacin treatment dose-dependently decreased the protein level of pBCR/ABL and total BCR/ABL without affecting bcr-abl mRNA expressions. Compared with the control groups, indomethacin-treated cells showed obviously decreased mRNA and protein expressions of β-catenin and decreased protein expressions of pGSK-3β and c-myc. Indomethacin inhibits the proliferation of K562 cells by suppressing the activity of bcr-abl-Wnt/β-catenin pathway.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):998-1002.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the protective effect of high-pressure carbon monoxide for preservation of ex vivo rabbit heart graft in comparison with the conventional HTK cardioplegic solution preservation. Heart grafts isolated from 85 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into Naive group (n=5), HTK group (n=40) and CO group (n=40). The grafts underwent no preservation procedures in Naive group, preserved at 4 degrees celsius; in HTK cardioplegic solution in HTK group, and preserved at 4 degrees celsius; in a high-pressure tank (PO2: PCO=3200 hPa: 800 hPa) in CO group with Krebs-Henseleit solution perfusion but without cardioplegic solution. After preservation for 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 14, 18, and 24 h, 5 grafts from the two preservation groups were perfused for 30 min with a modified Langendorff apparatus and examined for left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular diastolic pressure (LVDP), arrhythmia score (AS), myocardial ultrestructure, and cardiac enzyme profiles. After preservation for 6 to 24 h, the cardiac enzyme profiles and systolic and diastolic functions were significantly better in CO group than in HTK group, but these differences were not obvious between the two groups after graft preservation for 2 to 4 h. Significant changes in the myocardial ultrastructures occurred in the isolated hearts after a 24-h preservation in both CO and HTK groups, but the myocardial damages were milder in CO group. Preservation using high-pressure carbon monoxide can better protect isolated rabbit heart graft than the conventional HTK preservation approach especially for prolonged graft preservation.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1008-1013.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the consistency between the clinical diagnostic criteria and the ascertained diagnostic criteria for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the Preventive and Treatment Guidelines of Diabetes in China (2013) and explore an economic, convenient, and accurate approach to DPN diagnosis. The patients with type 2 diabetes admitted in our department from April to June, 2014 were examined for nerve conduction velocity, 10 g nylon silk, vibration threshold value, sense of temperature and pain, and ankle reflex. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index, and Kappa value were calculated to assess the diagnostic power of the two diagnostic criteria. Of the 151 patients enrolled, 106 (70.2%) had a diagnosis of DPN consistent with the ascertained diagnostic criteria, as compared to 86 (56.95%) who were diagnosed according to the clinical diagnostic criteria; the latter patients accounted for 81.13% of former cases. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index, and Kappa value of the clinical diagnostic criteria were 80.19%, 97.78%, 98.84%, 67.69%, 77.97%, and 0.69, respectively, which were highly consistent with those of the ascertained diagnostic criteria; the sensitivity to compression showed a poor consistency between the two diagnostic criteria. In the 5 screening tests, the combined test of temperature sensation, vibration perception, and ankle reflex showed the highest AUC value among their different combinations. The clinical diagnostic criteria for DPN show good consistency with the ascertained diagnostic criteria, and for patients with clinical symptoms or with only one positive sign, combination of the two diagnostic criteria can achieve the maximum diagnostic power.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1039-1042.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the clinical value of screening the serum markers during the second trimester of pregnancy in preventing congenital birth defect and predicting the pregnancy outcome. Between November, 2011 and October, 2013, a total of 25 520 pregnant women (15-20+6 gestational weeks) underwent a screening test of triple serum markers including free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (free βhCG), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), and unconjugated estriol (µE3) during the second semester of pregnancy. The women identified by the screening test as having high risks were referred to invasive prenatal diagnosis by amniocentesis, or to color Doppler ultrasound examination for suspected patent neural tube defect (NTD), and their pregnancy outcomes were followed up. High-risk pregnancies were identified by the screening test in 4.91% (1254/25520) of the total cohort. Of the 818 patients receiving invasive prenatal diagnosis, the abnormal rate was 5.75% (47/818). The high-risk pregnancies identified by the screening test was associated with a significantly higher rate of abnormal outcomes compared with the low-risk pregnancies (1.91% vs 0.1%, P<0.01). Of the 210 high-risk cases of NTD, a definite diagnosis was established in 34 cases. We also found that pregnancies at an advanced age (>35 years) was associated with increased risks for trisomy 21 compared with those at younger ages (15% vs 1.65%P<0.01). The detection rate of abnormal karyotypes in pregnancies with an abnormal MoM value of a single marker was 3.17% (6/189). Screening tests of serum markers during the second trimester of pregnancy can be helpful to identify fetal chromosomal and anatomical anomalies, predict unfavorable pregnancy outcomes, and prevent birth defects in pregnancies at an advanced age. The MoM value of a single marker in the second trimester can be indicative of potential chromosomal abnormalities.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1059-1062.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the association between serum cystatin C level and blood pressure. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 912 subjects randomly sampled from a cohort visiting for routine physical examinations. The epidemiological data were obtained using questionnaires and from the database of physical examination results. Pearson analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between blood pressure and cystatin C. The levels of serum cystatin C differed significantly among the normotensive, prehypertensive, and hypertensive subjects (P<0.05). Pearson analysis revealed that regardless of gender, serum cystatin C was positively correlated with SBP, DBP, MAP, BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, UA and BUN (P<0.05). With MAP, SBP and DBP as dependent variables, multiple stepwise regression analysis of the factors affecting blood pressure indicated that cystatin C had the strongest effect on SBP and MAP (P<0.05) but did not significantly affect DBP (P>0.05). Serum cystatin C level is significantly correlated with SBP and MAP and can be used as a biomarker for alert of hypertension.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1055-1058.
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    ABSTRACT: To access left ventricular global deformation abnormalities during low-dose dobutamine stress test (DSE) by three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography(3D-STE)in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), and explore the diagnostic value of 3D-STE combined with DES for NSTE-ACS. Forty-nine patients with suspected NSTE-ACS underwent DSE and coronary angiography with an initial dobutamine dose of 5 µg·kg(-1)·min(-1), which was doubled at 3-min intervals to the peak dose of 20 µg·kg(-1)·min(-1). The global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), territory longitudinal strain (TLS), and territory circumferential strain (TCS) of the left ventricular subendocardial myocardium were measured with 3D-STE at rest and at the peak-dose stage. Conventional echocardiography and 3D-STE parameters and their changes during DSE were evaluated, and their diagnostic values were analyzed according to the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves. All the patients completed DSE uneventfully and 3D-STE showed a good reproducibility of the results. Compared with patients with non-NSTE-ACS, NSTE-ACS patients showed obviously reduced resting left ventricular global deformation function especially in terms of circumferential deformation (P<0.05); the ROC curves for the parameters were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). During DSE, the global deformation differences between the two groups further increased (P<0.01), and the diagnostic values of the peak-dose stage parameters were significantly greater than those of the resting parameters. ROC curves analysis showed that TLS and TCS at peak-dose stage had the highest diagnostic value for NSTE-ACS. 3D-STE combined with low-dose DSE is a safe and effective noninvasive technique for accessing and identifying NSTE-ACS, and DSE can significantly enhance the diagnostic value of 3D-STE.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):947-953.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the clinical significance of syndecan binding protein (SDCBP) expression in human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and its value in predicting the postoperative survival of the patients. The follow-up data for 10 years were collected from 109 primary CRC patients with immunohistochemical data of SDCBP expression in the tumor tissues. The relationship between SDCBP expression and the clinical factors was analyzed, and survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis models. SDCBP expression in CRC was significantly associated with the postoperative survival time (χ(2)=8.336, P=0.004) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.001) of the patients, but not with age, gender, depth of invasion, tissue differentiation or histological type of the tumor. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the patients expression high levels of SDCBP in the CRC tissues had a significantly shorter postoperative mean survival time and a lower 7-year survival rate than those with low SDCBP expressions [52.300∓6.508 vs 86.184∓5.358 months, (38.6∓6.4)% vs (61.5∓6.7)%; χ(2)=10.585, P=0.001]. Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that a high expression of SDCBP (B=0.605, P=0.034) and lymph node metastasis (B=0.677, P=0.013) were the main factors related to death in CRC patients. onclusion SDCBP expression level can serve as an indicator for lymph node metastasis, TNM staging, and outcome prediction of CRC.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):1003-1007.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of acute hypervolemic hemodilution (AHH) and intraoperative blood salvage (IOBS) on the morphology and biomechanics of erythrocytes using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Blood samples were collected from 20 patients undergoing orthopedic surgery before operation (T1), immediately after AHH (T2), and after blood salvage (T3). AFM at nanometer resolution was used to examine the morphology and biomechanics of the collected erythrocytes. The blood samples collected at T1 showed a significantly lower ratio of heteromorphous erythrocytes than those collected at T2 and T3 [(2.6∓1.3)% vs (19.3∓1.6)% and (17.6∓1.4)%, P<0.05]. AFM revealed significant differences in the morphology and biomechanics of the single erythrocyte in salvaged blood and blood after AHH compared with those of venous blood. AHH and IOBS may cause significant changes in the morphology and biomechanics of erythrocytes in the salvaged blood.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):966-970.
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    ABSTRACT: Microbiome is a novel research field related with a variety of chronic inflamatory diseases. Technically, there are two major approaches to analysis of microbiome: metataxonome by sequencing the 16S rRNA variable tags, and metagenome by shot-gun sequencing of the total microbial (mainly bacterial) genome mixture. The 16S rRNA sequencing analyses pipeline includes sequence quality control, diversity analyses, taxonomy and statistics; metagenome analyses further includes gene annotation and functional analyses. With the development of the sequencing techniques, the cost of sequencing will decrease, and big data analyses will become the central task. Data standardization, accumulation, modeling and disease prediction are crucial for future exploit of these data. Meanwhile, the information property in these data, and the functional verification with culture-dependent and culture-independent experiments remain the focus in future research. Studies of human microbiome will bring a better understanding of the relations between the human body and the microbiome, especially in the context of disease diagnosis and therapy, which promise rich research opportunities.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 07/2015; 35(7):931-934.