Heart and Vessels Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.11

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.109
2012 Impact Factor 2.126
2011 Impact Factor 2.047
2010 Impact Factor 1.882
2009 Impact Factor 1.716
2008 Impact Factor 1.351
2007 Impact Factor 1.043
2006 Impact Factor 1.056
2005 Impact Factor 1.346
2004 Impact Factor 0.829
2003 Impact Factor 0.426
2002 Impact Factor 0.684
2001 Impact Factor 0.337
2000 Impact Factor 0.595
1999 Impact Factor 0.269
1998 Impact Factor 0.193
1997 Impact Factor 0.232
1996 Impact Factor 0.244

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.70
Cited half-life 4.50
Immediacy index 0.31
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.35
Website Heart and Vessels website
Other titles Heart and vessels (Online)
ISSN 1615-2573
OCLC 45071723
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prognostic value of T-wave alternans (TWA) during the night time in patients with Brugada syndrome (Br-S) remains unknown. We assessed TWA for risk stratification using 24-h multichannel Holter electrocardiogram (24-M-ECG) in Br-S. We enrolled 129 patients with Br-S [grouped according to histories of ventricular fibrillation (VF), n = 16; syncope, n = 10; or no symptoms (asymptomatic), n = 103] and 11 controls. Precordial electrodes were attached to the third (3L-V1, 3L-V2) and fourth (4L-V1, 4L-V2 and 4L-V5) intercostal spaces. We measured the values of maximum TWA (max-TWA) during the night time (12 a.m.-6 a.m.) and the day time (12 p.m.-6 p.m.) and calculated parameters of heart rate variability. Compared to the asymptomatic and control groups, the VF and syncope groups showed significantly greater 3L-V2 max-TWA during the night time. The cutoff value for the 3L-V2 max-TWA during the night time was determined as 20 µV (sensitivity 94 % and specificity 48 %; p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed that 3L-V2 max-TWA during the night time ≥20 µV and previous VF episodes were independent predictors of future VF episodes. During a mean follow-up period of 68 ± 37 months, 16 patients experienced VF episodes. The incidence of VF episodes was the highest during the night time (p < 0.001). The 3L-V2 max-TWA during the night time may be a useful predictor for VF episodes in patients with Br-S.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0692-y
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    ABSTRACT: The response of the right ventricle (RV) to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) involves changes in contractile function, chamber size, hypertrophy, and extracellular matrix (ECM). Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a mediator of myocardial ECM metabolism and biomarker for left heart remodeling, yet its ability to reflect RV remodeling is unknown. We hypothesized that serum Gal-3 levels correlate with RV morphology and function in PAH, and that Gal-3 is associated with circulating markers of ECM. Fifteen subjects with PAH and 10 age-matched controls underwent same-day echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and phlebotomy for Gal-3 and ECM biomarkers including N-terminal propeptide of type III collagen type (PIIINP), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), and hyaluronic acid (HA). RV ejection fraction, end diastolic volume index, end systolic volume index, and mass index were calculated using CMR. Echocardiography was used to estimate RV systolic pressure and measure RV strain. Serum Gal-3, TIMP-1, and HA levels were all significantly increased in PAH subjects when compared to controls. Gal-3 correlated with RV ejection fraction (ρ -0.44, p 0.03), end diastolic volume index (ρ 0.42, p 0.03), end systolic volume index (ρ 0.44, p 0.027), mass index (ρ 0.47, p 0.016), systolic pressure (ρ 0.55, p < 0.001), and strain (ρ 0.43, p 0.03). Gal-3 levels positively correlated with the ECM markers TIMP-1 and HA but not with PIIINP. In conclusion, Gal-3 levels are associated with multiple indices of RV function and morphology. Gal-3 may represent a novel biomarker for RV remodeling and associated ECM turnover in PAH.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0691-z
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    ABSTRACT: Although counter-regulation between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation in heart failure (HF) has been suggested, whether the regulation is preserved in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients remains unclear. This study aimed to determine: (1) the relationship between RAAS activation and clinical outcomes in ADHF patients, and (2) the relationships between plasma BNP levels and degrees of activation in RAAS factors. This study included ADHF patients (n = 103, NYHA3-4, plasma BNP > 200 pg/ml). We studied the predictability of RAAS factors for cardiovascular events and the relationships between plasma BNP levels and the degrees of activation in RAAS factors, which were evaluated by plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone concentration (PAC). PRA was a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) events over 1 year, even after accounting for plasma BNP levels (hazard ratio (HR): 1.04, CI [1.02-1.06], p < 0.01) and medication such as RAAS blockers (HR: 1.03, CI [1.01-1.05], p < 0.01), whereas PAC was borderline-significant (univariate analysis, p = 0.06). Cut-off value of PRA (5.3 ng/ml/h) was determined by AUC curve. Of the enrolled patients, higher PRA was found in 40 % of them. Although no correlation between the plasma BNP levels and PRA was found (p = 0.36), after adjusting for hemodynamic parameters, eGFR and medication, a correlation was found between them (p = 0.01). Elevated RAAS factors were found in a substantial number of ADHF patients with high plasma BNP levels in the association with hemodynamic state, which predicts poor clinical outcomes. The measurements of RAAS factors help to stratify ADHF patients at risk for further CV events.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0688-7
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    ABSTRACT: Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic multisystem inflammatory disorder of unclear etiology. Vascular inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and angiogenesis may be in part responsible for the pathogenesis of BD. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is a recent angiogenic mediator. The aim of the present study was to assess Ang-1 in the plasma of BD patients as well as to analyze its association with clinical, and laboratory parameters of the disease. The present study included 47 BD patients and 30 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Demographic, clinical, disease activity and severity were prospectively assessed. Plasma Ang-1 levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The plasma level of Ang-1 in BD patients was significantly lower than healthy controls (p = 0.005). Plasma Ang-1 level in patients with vascular affection was significantly lower than those without vascular affection (p = 0.045). Levels of Ang-1 showed a significant positive correlation with steroid dose. Patients who received cyclophosphamide or steroids showed a significant increase in plasma Ang-1 level. This was further confirmed by the results of the multivariate analysis. There was no significant association between plasma Ang-1 levels and other clinical manifestations or disease activity and severity. Plasma Ang-1 levels were diminished in our BD patients especially in patients with vascular involvement. Larger studies with further investigations of the precise role of Ang-1 in the pathogenesis of BD are needed and might lead to novel therapies for the clinical management of BD.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0686-9
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    ABSTRACT: High levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The SYNTAX score (SXscore) is an angiographic tool used to grade the complexity and extent of CAD. We investigated the relationship between hs-cTnT levels and SXscore. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 408 patients who underwent first diagnostic coronary angiography between December 2011 and December 2012. SXscore was recorded, and serum hs-cTnT levels were measured in all patients. The median hs-cTnT level was 0.009 μg/L. Elevated hs-cTnT levels (≥0.014 μg/L) were observed in 136 patients (33 %). Twenty-seven patients (7 %) had complex CAD as defined by intermediate or high SXscores. The levels of hs-cTnT were significantly higher in patients with high or intermediate SXscores than in those with low SXscores (0.044 ± 0.055 vs. 0.018 ± 0.058 μg/L, p = 0.03). Multivariate analysis identified hs-cTnT level, and diabetes mellitus as independent predictors for complex CAD. The adjusted odds ratio of hs-cTnT level for predicting complex CAD was 2.86 (95 % confidence interval 1.90-4.45, p < 0.0001). Predictive value of the adjusted area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for complex CAD significantly improved after inclusion of the hs-cTnT (C statistic, 0.882 vs. 0.784). Measurement of serum hs-cTnT level has an important role in the risk stratification of patients who have a plan for diagnostic coronary angiography. In patients with clinically stable angina pectoris, slightly elevated hs-cTnT levels may indicate the presence of complex CAD.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0689-6
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    ABSTRACT: To date, there are no prospective studies on the relationship between plaque characteristics identified by 40 MHz IVUS and future adverse events. This prospective study evaluated the relationship between plaque morphology in nonculprit nonsignificant lesions, determined by 40 MHz IVUS, and long-term clinical outcomes. Consecutively, 45 patients who underwent 3-vessel intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examinations were prospectively enrolled. Qualitative and quantitative IVUS analyses including scoring of echogenicity for assessment of plaque characterization were performed for each nonsignificant nonculprit lesion. The number, the length, the location (superficial or deep), and maximum arc were measured for each calcium deposit within plaques. Spotty calcification was defined as calcium deposits <90° and <6 mm in length. Primary end point was defined as nonsignificant nonculprit lesion-related revascularization (NNLR) during 6 years of follow-up. A total of 163 nonsignificant nonculprit lesions with mild to moderate stenosis were identified on baseline 3-vessel IVUS. Of those 163 lesions, six lesions required NNLR during the follow-up period. There were no differences in quantitative IVUS parameters including remodeling index, plaque burden, and echogenicity between lesions requiring and not requiring NNLR. However, deep spotty calcification was more frequently identified in lesions requiring NNLR than in those not requiring NNLR (33 vs. 8 %, P = 0.02). Spotty calcium deposits identified by 40 MHz IVUS predicted the need for NNLR during a 6-year follow-up period. This finding suggests that deep spotty calcium may be a surrogate marker for plaque progression and the subsequent need for revascularization in the future.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0687-8
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    ABSTRACT: A 70-year-old man underwent stent implantation for right coronary artery (RCA) lesions with a bare metal stent (BMS) and two sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). However, as both the BMS and SES stented sites developed restenosis after 13 months, he underwent target lesion revascularization using directional coronary atherectomy (DCA). On histopathology, the restenosis lesion at the SES-deployed site showed greater inflammation and less re-endothelialization than that at the BMS-deployed site. Three months later, the SES-deployed site developed a second restenosis, in which paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) were implanted (PES-in-SES), while the BMS-deployed site was restenosis free. Five years later, restenosis was absent in these RCA lesions. However, by optical coherence tomography and/or coronary angioscopy, the PES-in-SES site in the RCA showed poor neointimal coverage over the stent struts and yellowish neointima, suggesting lipid-rich neoatheroma formation, whereas at the BMS site appropriate white neointima formation was observed. Drug-eluting stents still have problems of persistent inflammation, inappropriate neointima formation, and neoatherosclerosis. Although we are now in the era of second generation DESs in which better stent performance would be promising, we should remember that we are obliged to continue to follow-up all patients in whom first generation DESs such as SES or PES have been placed.
    Heart and Vessels 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0676-y
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    ABSTRACT: It is not known the relationships between a difference in systolic blood pressure (SBP) or diastolic BP (DBP) between arms by synchronal measurement and the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD), and between a difference in BP between arms and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. We enrolled 425 consecutive patients (M/F = 286/139, 67 ± 13 year) who were admitted to our University Hospital and in whom we could measure the absolute (|rt. BP - lt. BP|) and relative (rt. BP - lt. BP) differences in SBP and DBP using a nico PS-501(®) (Parama-Tech). We divided all patients into those who did and did not have CAD. The relative differences in SBP between arms in patients with CAD were significantly lower than those in patients without CAD. However, the relative difference in SBP between arms was not a predictor of the presence of CAD. We also divided 267 patients who underwent coronary angiography into tertiles according to the Gensini score (low, middle, and high score groups). Interestingly, the middle + high score groups showed significantly lower relative differences in SBP between arms than the low score group. The mean Korotkoff sound graph in the middle + high Gensini score group was significantly higher than that in the low Gensini score group. Among conventional cardiovascular risk factors and nico parameters, the relative difference in SBP between arms in addition to the risk factors (age, gender, body mass index, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus) was associated with the score by a logistic regression analysis. In conclusion, the relative difference in SBP between arms as well as conventional risk factors may be associated with the severity of coronary arteriosclerosis.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0683-z
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of the SYNTAX (Synergy between PCI with Taxus and cardiac surgery) score has recently been demonstrated in patients with stable multivessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD). The present study determines whether adding the SYNTAX score to Framingham risk score (FRS), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and presence of myocardial infarction (MI) by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging can improve the risk stratification in patients with stable CAD. We calculated the SYNTAX score in 161 patients with stable CAD (mean age: 66 ± 10 years old). During a mean follow-up of 2.3 years, 56 (35 %) of 161 patients developed cardiovascular events defined as cardiovascular death, non-fatal MI, cerebral infarction, unstable angina pectoris, hospitalization due to heart failure and revascularization. Multivariate Cox regression analysis selected triglycerides [hazard ratio (HR): 1.005 (95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.001-1.008), p < 0.008], presence of LGE [HR: 6.329 (95 % CI: 2.662-15.05), p < 0.001] and the SYNTAX score [HR: 1.085 (95 % CI: 1.044-1.127), p < 0.001] as risk factors for future cardiovascular events. Adding the SYNTAX score to FRS, EF and LGE significantly improved the net reclassification index (NRI) [40.4 % (95 % CI: 18.1-54.8 %), p < 0.05] with an increase in C-statistics of 0.089 (from 0.707 to 0.796). An increase in C-statistics and significant improvement of NRI showed that adding the SYNTAX score to the FRS, LVEF and LGE incrementally improved risk stratification in patient with stable CAD.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0685-x
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    ABSTRACT: Approximately, 70 % of acute myocardial infarctions are known to develop from mild atherosclerotic lesions. Therefore, it is important to evaluate mild coronary plaques to prevent acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on mild coronary atherosclerosis in non-culprit lesions in patients with ACS. Forty-one men with ACS who underwent emergency percutaneous coronary interventions and completed a 6-month follow-up were divided into CR and non-CR groups. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was performed using the automatic edge detection program. The target lesion was a mild stenotic segment (10-50 % stenosis) at the distal site of the culprit lesion, and the segment to be analyzed was determined at a segment length ranging from 10 to 15 mm. The plaque area was significantly decreased in the CR group after 6 months, but was significantly increased in the non-CR group (P < 0.05). The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, LDL/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) levels were significantly reduced in both groups (P < 0.01). Peak VO2 in the CR group was significantly increased (P < 0.01). Changes in the plaque area correlated with those in Hs-CRP in both groups, while that association with those in HDL-C was observed in only CR group. Stepwise regression analysis revealed the decrease in Hs-CRP as an independent predictor of plaque area regression in the CR group. CR prevented the progression of mild coronary atherosclerosis in patients with ACS.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0681-1
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of DEB in modifying the high restenosis risk associated with BMS implantation is doubtful. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may allow precise assessment of neointimal formation after stent implantation. We performed a single-center, prospective, 1:2 randomized trial comparing BMS implantation alone (BMS group) vs. additional DEB (DEB group). DEB patients were further randomized 1:1 to DEB before stenting (pre-DEB group), or after stenting (post-DEB group). Primary endpoint was OCT-assessed neointimal hyperplasia (expressed both as mean in-stent neointimal area and as percentage obstruction of the mean stent area) at 6 months. Secondary endpoints were the percentage of uncovered and malapposed stent struts. Thirty patients were enrolled and randomized to BMS (n = 10), pre-DEB (n = 10), post-DEB (n = 10). At 6-month OCT follow-up, DEB significantly reduced neointimal area compared with BMS: mean neointimal area 2.01 ± 0.89 vs. 3.03 ± 1.07 mm(2) (p = 0.02), percentage area obstruction 24.56 ± 12.50 vs. 37.51 ± 12.26 % (p = 0.02). The percentage of uncovered and malapposed stent struts did not differ significantly between BMS and DEB. In the comparison between pre-DEB and post-DEB, no significant difference was observed for both primary and secondary endpoints. In de novo coronary lesions treated with BMS, DEB use could be associated with a mild reduction in neointimal hyperplasia at 6 months; this effect could be unrelated to the timing of DEB dilation (pre- or post-stenting). http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Identifier: NCT01057563.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0671-3
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular events. Cystatin C (CysC) has been proposed as a sensitive marker for CKD. However, the predictive value of CysC for cardiovascular events in CAD patients with preserved estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is unclear. We enrolled 277 consecutive patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). Patients with an eGFR ≤60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) were excluded. Serum CysC levels were measured immediately before SES implantation. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were defined as cardiovascular death, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, and hospitalization because of congestive heart failure. After a median follow-up of 63 months, 29 patients had MACCE. The subjects were divided into 2 groups based on median serum CysC levels and eGFR (0.637 mg/L and 72.43 ml/min/1.73 m(2), respectively). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the high CysC group had a significantly higher occurrence of MACCE than the low CysC group (p = 0.006), although a low level of eGFR was not significantly associated with an increased risk for occurrence of MACCE. Multivariate analysis revealed that serum CysC levels were an independent predictor of MACCE [hazards ratio: 1.30 per 0.1 mg/L (1.01-1.63), p = 0.038]. These data suggested that serum CysC level is an independent predictor of MACCE, even in patients with preserved eGFR after elective SES implantation.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0674-0
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    ABSTRACT: As a form of therapeutic angiogenesis, we sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of a sustained-release system of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) using biodegradable gelatin hydrogel in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). We conducted a phase I-IIa study that analyzed 10 CLI patients following a 200-μg intramuscular injection of bFGF-incorporated gelatin hydrogel microspheres into the ischemic limb. Primary endpoints were safety and transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcO2) at 4 and 24 weeks after treatment. During the follow-up, there was no death or serious procedure-related adverse event. After 24 weeks, TcO2 (28.4 ± 8.4 vs. 46.2 ± 13.0 mmHg for pretreatment vs after 24 weeks, p < 0.01) showed significant improvement. Regarding secondary endpoints, the distance walked in 6 min (255 ± 105 vs. 318 ± 127 m, p = 0.02), the Rutherford classification (4.4 ± 0.5 vs. 3.1 ± 1.4, p = 0.02), the rest pain scale (1.7 ± 1.0 vs. 1.2 ± 1.3, p = 0.03), and the cyanotic scale (2.0 ± 1.1 vs. 0.9 ± 0.9, p < 0.01) also showed improvement. The blood levels of bFGF were within the normal range in all patients. A subanalysis of patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans (n = 7) or thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) (n = 3) revealed that TcO2 had significantly improved in both subgroups. TcO2 did not differ between patients with or without chronic kidney disease. The sustained release of bFGF from biodegradable gelatin hydrogel may offer a safe and effective form of angiogenesis for patients with CLI.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0677-x
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    ABSTRACT: Complex fractionated atrial electrogram (CFAE) has been suggested to contribute to the maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, electrophysiologic characteristics of the left atrial myocardium responsible for genesis of CFAE have not been clarified. Non-contact mapping of the left atrium was performed at 37 AF onset episodes in 24 AF patients. Electrogram amplitude, width, and conduction velocity were measured during sinus rhythm, premature atrial contraction (PAC) with long- (L-PAC), short- (S-PAC) and very short-coupling intervals (VS-PAC). These parameters were compared between CFAE and non-CFAE regions. Unipolar electrogram amplitude was higher in CFAE than non-CFAE during sinus rhythm, L-, S- and VS-PAC (1.82 ± 0.73 vs. 1.13 ± 0.38, p < 0.001; 1.44 ± 0.54 vs. 0.92 ± 0.35, p < 0.001; 1.09 ± 0.40 vs. 0.70 ± 0.27, p < 0.001; 0.76 ± 0.30 vs. 0.53 ± 0.25 mV, p < 0.001). Laplacian bipolar electrogram amplitude was also higher in CFAE than non-CFAE during sinus rhythm, L-, S- and VS-PAC. Unipolar electrogram width was similar in CFAE and non-CFAE. Laplacian bipolar electrogram width was wider in CFAE than non-CFAE during L-, S- and VS-PAC (85.5 ± 6.8 vs. 79.6 ± 4.5, p < 0.001; 96.1 ± 9.7 vs. 84.5 ± 5.9, p < 0.001; 122.4 ± 16.0 vs. 99.6 ± 9.6 ms, p < 0.001), but not during sinus rhythm. The conduction velocity was slower in CFAE during sinus rhythm, L-, S- and VS-PAC than non-CFAE (1.7 ± 0.3 vs. 2.4 ± 0.4, p < 0.001; 1.4 ± 0.3 vs. 2.0 ± 0.5, p < 0.001; 1.2 ± 0.3 vs. 1.7 ± 0.5, p < 0.001; and 0.9 ± 0.3 vs. 1.4 ± 0.4 m/s, p < 0.001). CFAE was generated in the high amplitude atrial myocardium with slow and non-uniform conduction properties which were pronounced associated with premature activation, suggesting that heterogeneous conduction produced in high amplitude region contributes to the genesis of CFAE.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0672-2