Heart and Vessels (Heart Ves )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

  • Impact factor
    2.13
  • 5-year impact
    1.70
  • Cited half-life
    4.50
  • Immediacy index
    0.31
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.35
  • Website
    Heart and Vessels website
  • Other titles
    Heart and vessels (Online)
  • ISSN
    1615-2573
  • OCLC
    45071723
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Postprandial hyperglycemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) level is an useful clinical marker of glucose metabolism which reflects postprandial hyperglycemia more robustly compared to hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Relationship between serum 1,5-AG level and cardiovascular disease has been reported; however, comparison between HbA1c and 1,5-AG as markers of cardiovascular disease was not performed. We included 227 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography meeting the following inclusion criteria: (1) patients who had no history of coronary artery disease (CAD); (2) patients without acute coronary syndrome; (3) patients without poorly controlled diabetes mellitus; (4) patients without anemia, liver dysfunction, acute, and chronic renal failure and malnutrition; and (5) patients without adhibition of acarbose or Chinese herbal medicine. We measured HbA1c, glycoalbumin, and 1,5-AG. Serum 1,5-AG was significantly lower in patients with CAD (16.6 ± 8.50 vs. 21.1 ± 7.97 μg/ml, P < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed decrease in serum 1,5-AG was independently associated with the presence of denovo CAD (0.93, 95 % CI 0.88-0.98, P = 0.006). Serum 1,5-AG was also independently associated with the presence of denovo CAD in patients without diabetes mellitus (0.94, 95 % CI 0.88-0.99, P = 0.046). In conclusion, lower serum 1,5-AG was associated with the presence of denovo CAD. Serum 1,5-AG may identify high cardiovascular risk patients for denovo CAD in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is genetically heterogeneous. It has been previously shown that LVNC is associated with defects in TAZ, DNTA, LDB3, YWHAE, MIB1, PRDM16, and sarcomeric genes. This study was aimed to investigate sarcomeric gene mutations in a Chinese population with LVNC. From 2004 to 2010, 57 unrelated Chinese patients with LVNC were recruited at Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China. Detailed clinical evaluation was performed on the probands and available family members. DNA samples isolated from the peripheral blood of the index cases were screened for 10 sarcomeric genes, including MYH7, MYBPC3, MYL2, MYL3, MYH6, TNNC1, TNNT2, TNNI3, TPM1, and ACTC1. Seven heterozygous mutations (6 missense and 1 deletion) were identified in 7 (12 %) of the patients. These mutations were distributed among 4 genes, 4 in MYH7, and 1 each in ACTC1, TNNT2, and TPM1. Six of the mutations were novel and another one was reported previously. All mutations affected conserved amino acid residues and were predicted to alter the structure of the proteins by in silico analysis. No significant difference was observed between mutation-positive and mutation-negative patients with respect to clinical characteristics at baseline and mortality during follow-up. In conclusion, our study indicates that sarcomeric gene mutations are uncommon causes of LVNC in Chinese patients and genetic background of the disease may be divergent among the different races.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the time-dependent effect of statin treatment and echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness (EFT) on the maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients after electrical cardioversion (EC). One hundred sixty-three AF patients without previous statin treatment who underwent EC were consecutively enrolled. The maintenance rate of SR after EC (1, 3, 6, and 12 months) as documented by electrocardiogram and EFT were compared between patients with statin treatment (statin group, n = 63) and those without (no statin group, n = 100). There was no significant difference in the maintenance rate of SR between the groups soon after EC (statin group; 85.7 % vs. no statin; 84.8 %, p = 0.535), after 1 month (71.0 vs. 59.1 %, p = 0.091), and after 3 months (63.2 vs. 50.0 %, p = 0.086). However, the maintenance rate of SR was significantly higher in the statin group compared to no statin group (61.8 vs. 42.9 %, p = 0.024) after 6 months, and this significant difference persisted up to 12 months of follow up (60.1 vs. 36.4 %, p = 0.001). Patients with recurrence showed higher baseline EFT (7.4 ± 2.7 vs. 8.5 ± 3.0 mm, p = 0.014). Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that EFT, left atrial diameter, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, statin treatment, and dose were the significant contributors to the maintenance of SR for all periods after EC. Statin treatment and low EFT were associated with a higher maintenance rate of SR in AF patients after EC. Significant benefit of statin was realized 6 months after EC, and this benefit was shown to be maintained over time.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency catheter ablation of an atrial tachycardia (AT) and atrial fibrillation (AF) was performed in a patient with a history of pulmonary vein isolation for paroxysmal AF. The AT exhibited a centrifugal pattern with the posterolateral LA as the earliest activation site. The AT was not terminated by ablation at the endocardial earliest site, but its cycle length was prolonged by ablation at an opposite site within the Vein of Marshall. Finally, the AT was terminated by an energy application at a site 7 mm posteroinferior to the initial earliest activation site. We analyzed the local potentials of each energy delivery site in detail.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of GABAB receptors, a subclass of receptors to the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAB), in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs), and to explore if altering receptor activation modified intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) of HASMCs. Real-time PCR, western blots and immunofluorescence were used to determine the expression of GABABR1 and GABABR2 in cultured HASMCs. Immunohistochemistry was used to localize the two subunits in human left anterior descending artery (LAD). The effects of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen on [Ca(2+)]i in cultured HASMCs were demonstrated using fluo-3. Both GABABR1 and GABABR2 mRNA and protein were identified in cultured HASMCs and antibody staining was also localized to smooth muscle cells of human LAD. 100 μM baclofen caused a transient increase of [Ca(2+)]i in cultured HASMCs regardless of whether Ca(2+) was added to the medium, and the effects were inhibited by pre-treatment with CGP46381 (selective GABAB receptor antagonist), pertussis toxin (a Gi/o protein inhibitor), and U73122 (a phospholipase C blocker). GABAB receptors are expressed in HASMCs and regulate the [Ca(2+)]i via a Gi/o-coupled receptor pathway and a phospholipase C activation pathway.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy and safety of adding cilostazol to aspirin plus clopidogrel (triple antiplatelet therapy, TAPT) have not been fully evaluated in complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to investigate whether TAPT after PCI for bifurcation lesions improves long-term clinical outcomes. Consecutive patients undergoing PCI for bifurcation lesions were enrolled from 18 centers in Korea between 2003 and 2009. We compared target vessel failure (TVF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target vessel revascularization (TVR), among 675 patients who received TAPT and 2081 who received dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT: aspirin plus clopidogrel). Patients who received TAPT had more cardiovascular co-morbidities with regard to clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics. During the follow-up (median 36 months), 346 (12.6 %) TVFs occurred. The incidence of TVF was significantly higher in the TAPT group, mainly driven by a higher TVR rate. In the TAPT group, however, the risk of TVF was not significantly different from the DAPT group after adjusting for the confounders of TVFs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.86, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.53-1.39, p = 0.53). And also, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of the risks for death, cardiac death, MI, TVR, stent thrombosis, or cerebrovascular accident. These results were consistent after propensity score-matched analysis, and were also constant among the high-risk subgroups. TAPT after bifurcation PCI had no beneficial effect on the risk of long-term clinical outcomes in real-world clinical practice. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to detect the p66shc mRNA and protein expression of the peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs) in coronary heart disease patients (CHD) and controls, to evaluate the correlation between the expression of p66shc mRNA in the PBMs and endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. This study included 78 coronary angiography-documented CHD patients (CHD group) and 38 non-CHD controls (control group). The p66shc mRNA and protein levels were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting. The flow-mediated dilatation (FMD, endothelium-dependent), nitroglycerine-induced dilatation (NID, endothelium-independent) and carotid intimal medial thickness (CIMT) were detected using high-resolution ultrasound. The p66shc mRNA and the protein expression levels in the PBMs were significantly higher in the CHD group compared with the control group (p = 0.007 and 0.001). The FMD (p < 0.001) and NID (p = 0.013) were significantly lower and the CIMT (p = 0.007) was significantly thicker in the CHD patients than in the controls. In the univariate analysis, the expression of the p66shc mRNA in the PBMs was significantly positively correlated with the serum LDL-C and homocysteine levels and the CIMT and was inversely correlated with the FMD and the NID (all p < 0.001). In the multiple linear regression analysis, the FMD (p < 0.001), LDL-C (p = 0.002) and homocysteine levels (p = 0.002) remained independently correlated with the p66shc mRNA expression. These findings highlight a pivotal role for the expression of p66shc in CHD and endothelial dysfunction, which might represent a molecular target to prevent endothelial dysfunction-related disease.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology involving the aorta and its branches, and also causes aortic regurgitation (AR). One of the most serious but rare complications after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in TA is aneurysm formation of the sinus of Valsalva. A 64-year-old woman had undergone AVR with a prosthetic valve for AR due to TA 4 years earlier and had received an implanted permanent pacemaker for complete atrioventricular block (AVB) 2 years later. Aortography 4 years postoperatively demonstrated aneurysm formation (47 mm in diameter) at the sinus of Valsalva although preoperative aortography showed severe AR without dilatation of the sinus of Valsalva. We recommended reoperation for the aneurysm but the patient refused. The perioperative histopathological examination revealed extensive destruction of the medial elastic fibers. Both the fragility of the sinus of Valsalva and the residual inflammation could have caused the patient's aneurysm formation. Moreover, extension of TA into the ventricular septum or mechanical compression of the aneurysm against the conduction system might have caused her progressive AVB. Close and lifelong follow-up for patients with TA regarding development of aneurysm after surgical treatment is indispensable when fragility of the aortic root had been confirmed.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To propose a clinical prognostic index for death and heart failure in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy implanted with an ICD. This prospective study included 192 consecutive patients (age 68 ± 10) recruited from 2004 to 2009 and implanted with an ICD for MADIT II criteria. All patients performed 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring after discharge and common haematological samples. The prognostic index (PI) was built according to the formula: 120 - age + mean 24 h systolic blood pressure - (creatinine × 10). Other variables were assessed: EF, haemoglobin concentration, mean 24 h heart rate and diastolic blood pressure, sodium level, pacing mode and diabetes. Non-arrhythmic cardiac death and new hospitalizations for heart failure during 1-year follow-up were the combined end point. A total of 48 events (25 %) occurred during the follow-up: 7 cardiac deaths and 41 hospitalizations for acute heart failure. Cox proportional-hazards model showed that PI was the only predictor of events (HR = 0.96; CI 95 % 0.944-0.976, p < 0.0001). ROC curve showed that PI best cut-off was 144, with AUC 0.79, p < 0.0001; sensitivity 77 %, specificity 74 %, positive predictive value 50 %, negative predictive value 90 %. PI was predictive of events in a clinical setting where EF had no predictive value. PI works according to the rule "the lower the worse". The high negative predictive value (90 %) of PI allows to identify subjects at lower risk for death and heart failure. PI can be a practical tool to stratify risk in ischemic cardiomyopathy.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Some patients experience a left atrial thrombus (LAT) in spite of taking warfarin. We aimed to clarify the characteristics of patients with LAT during warfarin administration and investigated whether the CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores are useful predictors of LAT. We studied 230 patients (169 males, age 65 ± 10 years) who underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) prior to cardioversion or catheter ablation of atrial tachyarrhythmias between 2008 and 2012. All patients were taking oral warfarin. LAT was detected in 19 patients (8.3 %) using TEE. LAT was significantly associated with the presence of hypertension (P = 0.0035), prior congestive heart failure (P < 0.0001), structural heart disease (P = 0.0012), persistent arrhythmias (P < 0.0001), the absence of SR during TEE (P = 0.0070), left ventricular ejection fraction (P < 0.0001), left atrial diameter (P = 0.0015), left ventricular dimension during end diastole (P = 0.0215), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH; P < 0.0001), and the E/e' ratio (P = 0.0074). A multivariate analysis showed that LVH (P = 0.0065, OR 5.591, 95 % CI 1.618-19.316) and persistent arrhythmia (P = 0.0364, OR 12.121, 95 % CI 1.171-125.451) were independently associated with LAT. Moreover, the mean CHADS2 (2.3 ± 0.9 vs. 1.4 ± 1.2) and CHA2DS2-VASc scores (3.8 ± 1.2 vs. 2.8 ± 1.7) were higher in the patients with than without LAT. However, a multivariate analysis showed that the CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc scores did not associate with LAT. LVH and persistent arrhythmia may be useful for predicting LAT in patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Arterial stiffness is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) are non-invasive markers for assessment of arterial stiffness. Increased arterial stiffness is associated with atherosclerosis in patients with psoriasis. Previous studies have shown that high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicts poor cardiovascular outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate arterial stiffness and cardiovascular hemodynamics by oscillometric method in psoriasis patients with normal cardiac functions. Fifty consecutive patients with the diagnosis of psoriasis and 50 controls were included in the study. NLR was calculated as the ratio of neutrophil count to lymphocyte count. All patients underwent echocardiographic examination. Measurements of arterial stiffness were carried out using a Mobil-O-Graph arteriograph system. Fifty patients with psoriasis (26 male, mean age 43.3 ± 13.2 years) and 50 controls (33 male, mean age 45.0 ± 6.1 years) were included into the study. The distribution of cardiovascular risk factors was similar between the two groups, and NLR was significantly higher in patients with psoriasis (2.74 ± 1.78 versus 1.82 ± 0.52, p = 0.002). There was a weak correlation between NLR and PASI score without reaching statistical significance (r = 0.300, p = 0.060). While echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters were comparable between psoriasis and control groups, heart rate was significantly higher in psoriasis group (81.5 ± 15.1 and 75.2 ± 11.8 beats/min, p = 0.021). Psoriasis patients had significantly higher AIx and PWV values as compared to controls (25.8 ± 13.1 versus 17.4 ± 12.3 %, p = 0.001 and 6.78 ± 1.42 versus 6.18 ± 0.80 m/s, p = 0.011, respectively). AI and PWV were significantly associated with psoriasis when adjusted by heart rate (p = 0.005, odds ratio 1.04, 95 % confidence interval 1.01-1.08 and p = 0.035, odds ratio 1.52, 95 % confidence interval 1.02-2.26, respectively). PWV significantly correlated with blood pressure, lipid levels, and several echocardiographic indices. AIx only correlated with left atrial diameter (r = 291, p = 0.040). Linear regression analysis was performed to find predictors of PWV. Central systolic blood pressure, left atrial diameter, and total cholesterol were independent predictors of PWV. PWV and AIx were significantly higher in patients with psoriasis. Assessment of arterial stiffness parameters may be useful for early detection of cardiovascular deterioration in psoriasis patients with normal cardiac functions. Novel inflammatory biomarkers such as NLR may elucidate the mechanism of vascular dysfunction in such patients.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: C57BL/6J (B6) mice were demonstrated to be the most susceptible and C3H/HeJ (C3H) mice the most resistant to development of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized, whether pro-atherogenic (P-selectin, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1) and anti-atherogenic (endoglin and eNOS) proteins are expressed differently in aorta before the onset of atherosclerosis in these two mouse strains. B6 mice (n = 16) and C3H mice (n = 16) sustained on either chow or cholesterol (1 %) diet for 8 weeks. Biochemical analysis of lipoprotein profile and Western blot analysis of P-selectin, VCAM-1, ICAM-1, eNOS, endoglin, peNOS and TGF-βRII in aorta were performed. Western blot analysis revealed a lower expression of P-selectin by 7 %, VCAM-1 by 51 %, ICAM-1 by 6 %, and a higher expression of eNOS (by 18 %) in C3H mice in comparison with B6 mice after cholesterol diet. Further analysis revealed that cholesterol diet significantly increased the expression of endoglin (by 97 %), TGF-βRII (by 50 %), eNOS (by 21 %) and peNOS (by 122 %) in C3H mice, but not in B6 mice. We propose that lower expression of P-selectin, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 and higher expression of eNOS in vivo in aorta of C3H mice might represent another potential mechanism for C3H mice being less susceptible to atherosclerosis when compared to B6 mice. In addition, endoglin seems to be involved in an upregulation of eNOS only in C3H mice. Thus, we propose that aorta of C3H mice is less prone to the expression of pro-inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers when compared to B6 mice, regardless of lipoprotein profile and before any signs of atherosclerotic process.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Regional myocardial ischemia is thought to be characterized by diastolic dysfunction. We aimed to clarify whether temporal analysis of strain rate (SR) index derived from two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DTE) can assess the regional myocardial ischemia or not. Forty-two patients with significant coronary stenoses were referred for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). 2DTE was performed before and a day after PCI. Time from aortic valve closure to peak early diastolic longitudinal SR ∆(TAVC-E SR) was measured both at baseline and during adenosine triphosphate (ATP) infusion. TAVC-E SR was calculated as TAVC-E SR during ATP infusion subtracted by TAVC-E SR at baseline. In forty-five target ischemic regions, TAVC-E SR at baseline was significantly longer than that of control regions (166 ± 28 vs. 136 ± 32 ms, P < 0.0001). TAVC-E SR in target ischemic regions significantly prolonged during ATP stress to 221 ± 37 ms (P < 0.0001), while it did not change in control regions. Immediately after PCI, TAVC-E SR in target regions significantly decreased to 135 ± 27 ms, P < 0.0001 without prolongation during ATP stress. Receiver operating characteristic curves demonstrated that ∆TAVC-E SR could assess regional myocardial ischemia by a cutoff criterion of 14 ms with sensitivity of 93 % and specificity of 95 %. 2DTE-derived TAVC-E SR significantly increased during ATP stress only in ischemic myocardium. This phenomenon disappeared immediately after PCI. Temporal analysis of TAVC-E SR appeared to be useful to assess the regional myocardial ischemia.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) are increasingly being used to treat unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) lesions. However, research is sparse on the acute changes of left ventricular (LV) hemodynamics and function during PCI in patients with ULMCA stenosis. We aimed to assess the acute changes of LV function using speckle-tracking imaging during PCI in these patients. Fifteen consecutive patients who underwent elective PCI for ULMCA stenosis were enrolled. Echocardiographic studies and pressure measurement were performed at baseline, during PCI and after PCI. LMCA occlusion with a first balloon inflation induced a marked reduction in the peak positive derivative of LV pressure (dP/dt max), LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), and systolic and diastolic strain rates, and a marked increase in LV end-diastolic pressure (EDP) (all P < 0.01). During the second inflation, the degrees of LV hemodynamic and functional changes were similar to those of the first inflation, even with a higher inflation pressure. During the third inflation, the values of GLS and dP/dt max were higher than those of the second inflation (P = 0.03 and P = 0.05, respectively). After optimal PCI, dP/dt max, LVEDP, and strain parameters were improved to baseline values. LV hemodynamics and function were considerably impaired with the first ballooning during PCI for ULMCA stenosis. However, the degrees of LV hemodynamic and functional changes decreased with each successive balloon inflation, which can be explained by ischemic preconditioning. After all procedures were safely completed, LV systolic function was improved without LV diastolic stunning.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) reflects the degree of stress in proximal tubules of the kidney. We examined the level of L-FABP in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage G1 and G2, and its relationship with cardiac markers and electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities. T2DM patients whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) were recruited [n = 276 (165 males), mean age 64 years]. The median level of urinary L-FABP was 6.6 μg/gCr. Urinary L-FABP showed significant correlation with urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) (r = 0.51, p < 0.0001). Median (25th-75th percentile) eGFR was 82 (72-95) mL/min/1.73 m(2). We divided patients into four subgroups (group 1, L-FABP ≤8.4 μg/gCr and ACR ≤30 mg/gCr; group 2, L-FABP ≤8.4 μg/gCr and ACR >30 mg/gCr; group 3, L-FABP >8.4 μg/gCr and ACR ≤30 mg/gCr; group 4, L-FABP >8.4 μg/gCr and ACR >30 mg/gCr). Compared with group 1, group 4 was significantly higher in systolic blood pressure, and eGFR using standardized serum cystatin C, high-sensitivity troponin T, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Group 4 had significantly higher level of NT-proBNP than group 3. Groups 2, 3 and 4 showed more ECG abnormalities than group 1. These findings suggest that simultaneous measurement of urinary L-FABP and ACR should be useful to assess cardiovascular damage reflecting on the elevation of cardiac markers and ECG abnormalities in T2DM with CKD G1 and G2.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the mid-term angiographic result of T-stenting with small protrusion (TAP) as the bailout strategy for treating coronary bifurcation lesions. From 2009 to 2012, symptomatic patients who had severe coronary bifurcation stenoses were treated with one-stent strategy using drug-eluting stents, with kissing balloon inflation performed whenever side branch (SB) impingement occurred. TAP was performed if residual diameter stenosis of SB was ≥75 %, presence of ≥type B dissection or flow impairment was observed in the SB. Seventy-one patients (83 % male, mean age of 61 ± 12 years) were recruited into the study. MEDINA classification 1,1,1 lesions were observed in over 60 % of patients. The mean stent size and length in the main vessel (MV) and SB were 2.86 ± 0.43 and 30 ± 12, and 2.45 ± 0.26 and 16 ± 6 mm, respectively. Restudy angiography was performed on 64 (90 %) patients at 9.2 ± 3.9 months. Angiographic restenosis was observed in 8 (12.5 %) patients with late lumen loss in the MV and SB being 0.22 ± 0.19 and 0.34 ± 0.37 mm, respectively. The use of TAP as the bailout technique for treating coronary bifurcation lesions is associated with good angiographic outcomes, in terms of late lumen loss and restenosis, at 9 months.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the coronary findings in 185 autopsy cases with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) from the Tokyo Medical Examiner's Office were examined and compared with those in 1,056 patients undergoing AAA repair at the University of Tokyo Hospital or Sakakibara Heart Institute (Tokyo, Japan). The number of cases with any significant coronary stenosis was significantly greater in the autopsy cases with a ruptured AAA than in the patients undergoing emergency repair of a ruptured AAA, suggesting that the low prevalence of CAD observed in patients undergoing emergency repair of a ruptured AAA was due to the survival bias before reaching hospital. In addition, we also found that significant coronary left main trunk stenosis was more frequent in CAD cases with a ruptured AAA than in those with an unruptured AAA, findings that suggest novel clinical implications. Large-scale prospective studies are warranted to confirm our findings and to clarify the pathophysiological relationship between coronary atherosclerosis and AAA status.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Amiodarone is a highly effective antiarrhythmic agent. Unfortunately amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity is described for medium-long term therapy. We describe a case of a 65-year-old man admitted to our department for breathlessness and with a history of recurrent episodes of atrial fibrillation for which he had been receiving amiodarone (200 mg/day) since 2008. Despite diuretic therapy, along with aspirin, statins and antibiotics the patient continued to complain of severe dyspnea and had a moderate fever. Thus, diagnostic hypotheses different from acute cardiac failure were considered, in particular non-cardiogenic causes of pulmonary infiltrates. Following suspicion of amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity, the drug was discontinued and corticosteroid therapy was initiated. Due to the deterioration of the clinical picture, we proceeded to intubation. After few hours from intubation we were forced to institute a veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation due to the worsening of pulmonary function. The patient's clinical condition improved which allowed us to remove the ECMO after 15 days of treatment. Indications for use of ECMO have expanded considerably. To our knowledge this is the first successful, reported article of a veno-venous ECMO used to treat amiodarone-induced toxicity in an adult. In patients with severe but potentially reversible pulmonary toxicity caused by amiodarone, extracorporeal life support can maintain pulmonary function and vital organ perfusion at the expense of low morbidity, while allowing time for drug clearance.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Little evidence exists regarding the need for a reduction in postoperative heart rate after repair of type A acute aortic dissection. This single-center retrospective study was conducted to determine if lower heart rate during the early postoperative phase is associated with improved long-term outcomes after surgery for patients with type A acute aortic dissection. We reviewed 434 patients who underwent aortic repair between 1990 and 2011. Based on the average heart rate on postoperative days 1, 3, 5, and 7, 434 patients were divided into four groups, less than 70, 70-79, 80-89, and greater than 90 beats per minute. The mean age was 63.3 ± 12.1 years. During a median follow-up of 52 months (range 16-102), 10-year survival in all groups was 67 %, and the 10-year aortic event-free rate was 79 %. The probability of survival and being aortic event-free using Kaplan-Meier estimates reveal that there is no significant difference when stratified by heart rate. Cox proportional regression analysis for 10-year mortality shows that significant predictors of mortality are age [Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.04; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.07-1.06; p = 0.001] and perioperative stroke (HR 2.30; 95 % CI 1.18-4.50; p = 0.024). Neither stratified heart rate around the time of surgery nor beta-blocker use at the time of discharge was significant. There is no association between stratified heart rate in the perioperative period with long-term outcomes after repair of type A acute aortic dissection. These findings need clarification with further clinical trials.
    Heart and Vessels 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Many reports have shown that brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid-femoral PWV are prognostic factors for cardiovascular diseases. We evaluated heart-carotid PWV, heart-femoral PWV (hfPWV), and femoral-ankle PWV (faPWV) using carotid and femoral sensors. Our objectives were to reveal correlations among PWVs and to determine the clinical importance of the respective PWVs in predicting the cardiovascular events. This prospective cohort study included 338 patients with essential hypertension (mean age 61.3 ± 0.7, mean follow-up period 6.5 ± 0.1 years) whose regional PWVs were measured. Primary end points were stroke, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and death. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that subjects with higher faPWV and baPWV had a significantly higher incidence of stroke (p = 0.0288 and 0.0277, respectively), subjects with higher hfPWV had a significantly higher incidence of CVD (p = 0.0212), subjects with higher baPWV and hfPWV had a significantly higher incidence of stroke + CVD (p = 0.0070 and 0.0463, respectively), and subjects with higher baPWV had a significantly higher mortality rate (p = 0.0367). Cox proportional hazard model revealed that baPWV was a significant risk factor for stroke + CVD after adjustment for traditional risk factors (relative risk: 14.50, p = 0.0288). Higher baPWV may be a risk factor for stroke and CVD, but the prognostic impact of regional PWVs is still unclear in patients with hypertension.
    Heart and Vessels 02/2014;

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