Molecular Nutrition & Food Research (MOL NUTR FOOD RES )

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Molecular Nutrition & Food Research is a primary research journal devoted to linking the information arising from the scientific disciplines involved in molecular nutrition and food research. Thus, the areas covered by the journal are: Bioactivity and Safety / Chemistry / Immunology / Microbiology / Nutrition / Technology. Besides the regular contributions, Molecular Nutrition & Food Research (MNF) publishes special issues devoted to current topics from one of the above-mentioned fields, plus annual review issues.

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  • Website
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research website
  • Other titles
    Molecular nutrition & food research (Online), Molecular nutrition and food research
  • ISSN
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  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

John Wiley & Sons

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • On personal web site or secure external website at authors institution
    • Not allowed on institutional repository
    • JASIST authors may deposit in an institutional repository
    • Non-commercial
    • Pre-print must be accompanied with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Published source must be acknowledged with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'John Wiley and Sons' is an imprint of 'Wiley-Blackwell'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) induced vascular endothelial cell injury is a key event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). In our previous studies, we showed that delphinidin-3-glucoside (Dp), a natural anthocyanin, attenuated oxLDL-induced injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), indicating its potential role in preventing AS. However, the involved mechanism is not fully understood.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To provide updated quantitative estimates of the associations between allium vegetables intake and risk of colorectal cancer and colorectal adenomatous polyps.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Trigonelline (1-methylpyridinium-3-carboxylate), an alkaloid present in coffee and fenugreek seed, has been reported to exhibit phytoestrogenic activity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of trigonelline on bone mechanical properties of rats with normal estrogen level and estrogen deficiency (developing osteoporosis).
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Scope: This study investigated the effects of supplementing different ratios of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids (O6H = 10:1, O3O6 = 4:1, and O3H = 1:4) to western-style diets on cow �-lactoglobulin (BLG) induced allergic reactions in Balb/c mice. Methods and results: Three-week-old mice were randomly assigned to three diet groups (n = 20/group). At 9 wk of age, half of the mice from each dietary treatment (n = 10) were intraperitoneally (i.p.) sensitized with three weekly doses of BLG and alum while the remaining half from each group was sham sensitized (controls). One week after the final sensitization, all mice were orally challenged with BLG. Elevated BLG-specific serum Igs were observed in all sensitized and challenged mice. IFN-�,MCP-1, and IL-12p40 concentrations from lymphocytes of mesenteric lymph nodes were highest in O3H mice, compared to O3O6 and O6H mice. O6H mice had the highest IL-4 concentrations from splenic lymphocytes and a significantly lower rectal temperature after the challenge in comparison to O3O6 and O3H mice. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the �-3 PUFA rich diets alleviated the severity of allergic reactions, and may modulate immune response toward T helper cell (Th)1-favoured immune response while the �-6 PUFA rich diet exhibited no allergy alleviation with a stronger Th2 polarized immune response.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which cells have reduced insulin signalling, leading to hyperglycemia and long-term complications, including heart, kidney and liver disease. Macrophages activated by dying or stressed cells, induce the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-B leading to the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF and IL-6. These inflammatory macrophages in liver and adipose tissue promote insulin resistance, and medications which reduce inflammation and enhance insulin signalling improve glucose control. Curcumin is an anti-oxidant and nuclear factor kappa-B inhibitor derived from turmeric. A number of studies have shown that dietary curcumin reduces inflammation and delays or prevents obesity-induced insulin resistance and associated complications, including atherosclerosis and immune mediate liver disease. Unfortunately dietary curcumin is poorly absorbed by the digestive system and undergoes glucuronidation and excretion rather than being released into the serum and systemically distributed. This confounds understanding of how dietary curcumin exerts its beneficial effects in type 2 diabetes and associated diseases. New improved methods of delivering curcumin are being developed including nanoparticles and lipid/liposome formulations that increase absorption and bioavailability of curcumin. Development and refinement of these technologies will enable cell-directed targeting of curcumin and improved therapeutic outcome.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 03/2013;
  • Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 01/2010; 54:445.
  • Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 01/2010; 54:1546-1555.
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    ABSTRACT: Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy is able to directly measure the chemical species with unpaired electrons and has been widely used in a number of research fields. This review focused on its application in nutraceutical and food research. Current status of ESR in free radical scavenging capacity estimation, food oxidative stability evaluation, Cu(2+) chelating capacity determination were summarized. Also discussed was the potential of ESR spin-label oximetry technique in examination of lipid peroxidation and oxygen diffusion-concentration products in liposomes, oxygen transport and depletion, and membrane structure and dynamic properties. In addition, ESR application in identifying and estimating irradiated foods including meat, fruits, vegetables, spices, cereal grains, and oil seeds was reviewed. Finally, the potential use of ESR technique in investigating microstructure change, phase transition and viscosity related properties during food formulation, processing, and storage was briefly mentioned, along with its potential in determination of radio-stability of food components. This review may provide some fundamental knowledge of ESR and its application in nutraceutical and food research.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 02/2008; 52(1):62-78.
  • Source
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    ABSTRACT: Acrolein (2-propenal) is ubiquitously present in (cooked) foods and in the environment. It is formed from carbohydrates, vegetable oils and animal fats, amino acids during heating of foods, and by combustion of petroleum fuels and biodiesel. Chemical reactions responsible for release of acrolein include heat-induced dehydration of glycerol, retro-aldol cleavage of dehydrated carbohydrates, lipid peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and Strecker degradation of methionine and threonine. Smoking of tobacco products equals or exceeds the total human exposure to acrolein from all other sources. The main endogenous sources of acrolein are myeloperoxidase-mediated degradation of threonine and amine oxidase-mediated degradation of spermine and spermidine, which may constitute a significant source of acrolein in situations of oxidative stress and inflammation. Acrolein is metabolized by conjugation with glutathione and excreted in the urine as mercapturic acid metabolites. Acrolein forms Michael adducts with ascorbic acid in vitro, but the biological relevance of this reaction is not clear. The biological effects of acrolein are a consequence of its reactivity towards biological nucleophiles such as guanine in DNA and cysteine, lysine, histidine, and arginine residues in critical regions of nuclear factors, proteases, and other proteins. Acrolein adduction disrupts the function of these biomacromolecules which may result in mutations, altered gene transcription, and modulation of apoptosis.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 02/2008; 52(1):7-25.
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    ABSTRACT: Although in developing countries an apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) genotype may offer an evolutionary advantage, as it has been shown to offer protection against certain infectious disease, in Westernised societies it is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, and represents a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, late-onset Alzheimer's disease and other chronic disorders. ApoE is an important modulator of many stages of lipoprotein metabolism and traditionally the increased risk was attributed to higher lipid levels in E4 carriers. However, more recent evidence demonstrates the multifunctional nature of the apoE protein and the fact that the impact of genotype on disease risk may be in large part due to an impact on oxidative status or the immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties of apoE. An increasing number of studies in cell lines, targeted replacement rodents and human volunteers indicate higher oxidative stress and a more pro-inflammatory state associated with the epsilon4 allele. The impact of genotype on the antioxidant and immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties of apoE is the focus of the current review. Furthermore, current information on the impact of environment (diet, exercise, smoking status, alcohol) on apoE genotype-phenotype associations are discussed with a view to identifying particular lifestyle strategies that could be adapted to counteract the 'at-risk' E4 genotype.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 02/2008; 52(1):131-45.
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    ABSTRACT: South Africa is experiencing a rapid urbanization of its African population characterized by a demographic, nutrition, lifestyle, and health transition. The resultant high prevalence of high cardiovascular disease, in particular of stroke, is of concern. In this narrative review it is suggested that, together with hypertension, changes in the hemostatic system may be one of the major contributors to stroke in this population. It is further suggested that these changes are related to increased fat and animal protein intakes, decreased intakes of total carbohydrate and dietary fiber, as well as persistent suboptimal micronutrient intakes of Africans in transition. The effects of this nutrition transition on plasma fibrinogen, fibrin network structures, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 activity levels and some other clotting and fibrinolytic factors are discussed. It is concluded that despite indications of present protective mechanisms against the development of coronary heart disease (CHD) in this population the observed changes in diet and hemostatic profiles may eventually lead to a high prevalence of both stroke and CHD in urban black South Africans. It is further suggested that timely nutritional interventions and research of effects thereof on the hemostatic system are urgently needed.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 02/2008; 52(1):164-72.
  • Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 02/2008; 52(1):5-6.