Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology (Jpn J Ophthalmol )

Publisher: Nihon Ganka Gakkai, Springer Verlag

Description

The Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, published since 1957, provides a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary forum for bimonthly publication of basic science and clinical research papers in all fields of ophthalmology. The Japanese Ophthalmological Society is dedicated to the preventive care and treatment of the eye, and to scientific research regarding all aspects of ophthalmology. To further these goals, the Society has designated the Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology its official English language publication from January 1997. The purpose of this scientific journal is to disseminate the significant results of study by ophthalmologists worldwide. To help us fulfill our purpose, we encourage you to submit your original papers concerning any area of ophthalmology, as well as Rapid Communications or Letters to the Editor. We welcome your suggestions and criticism.

  • Impact factor
    1.27
  • 5-year impact
    1.49
  • Cited half-life
    7.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.16
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.52
  • Website
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology website
  • Other titles
    Japanese journal of ophthalmology (Online), Japanese journal of ophthalmology, JJO
  • ISSN
    1613-2246
  • OCLC
    56124539
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to determine the feasibility of using electrochemically treated bulk platinum electrodes with large charge injection capacity for a retinal prosthesis. Seven eyes of seven cats were studied. Small retinal areas were focally stimulated with electrochemically treated bulk electrodes (φ = 500 µm) placed in a scleral pocket. Fundus images with near-infrared (800-880 nm) light were recorded, and a 2D map of the reflectance changes elicited by the electrical currents was constructed by subtracting the images taken before stimulation from those taken after stimulation. The impedance of each electrode was measured at 1 kHz. The degree of retinal elevation by the electrode was measured by optical coherence tomography. Scleral thickness where the electrode array was inserted was measured in histologic sections. The diameter of reflectance changes (full width at half maximum) was 0.42 ± 0.22 mm [mean ± standard deviation (SD)] in minor axes and 1.46 ± 0.82 mm in major axes. The threshold current decreased with a reduction in the residual scleral thickness (R (2) = 0.9215; P = 0.0002); it also decreased with an increase in retinal elevation (R (2) = 0.6259; P = 0.0111).The threshold current also decreased with an increase in electrode impedance (R (2) = 0.2554; P = 0.0147). Electrochemically treated porous platinum electrodes can stimulate localized retinal areas. The threshold current necessary to stimulate the retina was influenced by residual scleral thickness and the electrode tightness of fit against the sclera.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate the melatonin suppression index (MSI), which may reflect the nonvisual photoreception function, through commercially available foldable, clear and yellow-tinted intraocular lenses (IOLs). The MSIs for 13 IOL models (6 clear IOLs, 7 yellow-tinted IOLs) with three lens powers were calculated based on previously reported data about the melatonin suppression spectrum, spectral intensity of a 20-W white fluorescent lamp and spectral transmission of IOLs in wavelengths from 300 to 800 nm. The models tested were the SA60AT and SN60AT (Alcon Japan); the VA-60BBR, YA-60BBR, and NM-1 (Hoya); the AU6K and AN6K (Kowa); the N4-18B and N4-18YG (Nidek); the X-60 and NX-60 (Santen); and the KS-3Ai and KS-AiN (Staar Japan). The MSIs of the clear IOLs ranged from 1.12 to 1.18 mW cm(-2) sr(-1) and those of the yellow-tinted IOLs from 0.74 to 1.01 mW cm(-2) sr(-1). All yellow-tinted IOLs had significantly lower MSIs (P < 0.0001-0.0021) than the clear IOLs; the %MSI cutoff values for yellow-tinted IOLs compared to the clear IOLs were 11.4-36.2 %. The MSIs of the six clear IOLs did not differ based on lens powers (P = 0.2159-0.6144). Except for one IOL model, all yellow-tinted IOLs had a lower MSI with higher lens powers compared to those with lower lens powers (P < 0.0001-0.0055). Compared to phakic eyes (MSI, 1.03 mW cm(-2) sr(-1)), the MSIs of the clear IOLs were higher (%MSI cutoff, -14.6 to -8.4 %), whereas those of the yellow-tinted IOLs were lower (2.6-28.1 %). Compared to aphakic eyes (MSI, 1.21 mW cm(-2) sr(-1)), the MSIs of the clear (2.1-7.4 %) and yellow-tinted (16.7-38.6 %) IOLs were lower. Yellow-tinted IOLs absorb more circadian rhythm-associated light than clear IOLs. The difference in the lens power is significantly related to the MSI value in some yellow-tinted IOLs. To correlate the current data with the clinical relevance of these findings, the percent loss of the MSI leading to a circadian rhythm disorder needs to be clarified.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the vision-related quality of life (VR-QOL) and visual function in patients undergoing intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (IVB) for persistent diabetic macular edema (DME) after vitrectomy. This institutional study enrolled 20 consecutive patients (20 eyes) who had received 1.25 mg IVB for persistent macular edema after vitrectomy for DME at least 3 months previously. Visual function and VR-QOL were measured before, and 1 and 3 months after IVB. Measurements included the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), letter contrast sensitivity, severity of metamorphopsia using M-CHARTS, central retinal thickness using optical coherence tomography, and VR-QOL with the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25). One month after IVB, statistically significant improvements were observed in central retinal thickness, letter contrast sensitivity, and the VFQ-25 "mental health" subscale score (P < 0.05, Dunnett test). LogMAR BCVA, metamorphopsia, and the VFQ-25 composite score did not improve significantly. Three months after IVB, there were no significant improvements in any parameters examined. Intravitreal bevacizumab injection for persistent DME after vitrectomy temporarily improved central retinal thickness, contrast sensitivity, and the psychometric aspect of the VR-QOL, but these effects did not last for over 3 months.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the clinical and pathologic T category classification, as defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), is associated with lymph nodes (LN) or distant metastasis in patients with eyelid sebaceous carcinoma. Forty patients treated for eyelid sebaceous carcinoma at Seoul National University Hospital between March 1999 and December 2011 were retrospectively staged according to the AJCC 7th edition criteria. Three different primary tumor classifications-(1) clinical tumor size at presentation; (2) clinical AJCC T stage (cT) at presentation based not only on size, but also on the extent of involvement and (3) pathologic AJCC T stage (pT) based on histopathological examination-were compared and evaluated with regard to their association with LN or distant metastasis. In univariate analysis, the AJCC cT (p = 0.005) and pT (p = 0.029) categories were significantly associated with metastasis, but clinical tumor size alone did not correlate with metastasis (p = 0.093). Clinical and pathologic AJCC stage T2b or higher tumors were significantly associated with metastasis compared to stage T1 or T2a tumors [odds ratio cT, 8.00 (p = 0.025); pT, 6.91 (p = 0.028)]. The clinical and pathologic AJCC T category has predictive value for LN or distant metastasis in eyelid sebaceous carcinoma. However, the clinically assessed largest tumor dimension alone is not an effective predictive factor. Clinicians should be aware of the increased risk of metastasis in patients with tumors of stage T2b or higher at initial presentation.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to investigate the histologic findings of recipient corneas obtained via deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). The histology of three recipient corneas obtained from patients during DALK was investigated. In all cases, the Descemet membrane was successfully exposed without any perforation during surgery. The isolated corneal tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin and periodic acid-Schiff. In two cases, the tissues were examined using a transmission electron microscope. In one cornea obtained via DALK, only the corneal stroma was observed, and the Descemet membrane was not confirmed. In another case, the recipient cornea was detached within the Descemet membrane. In the third cornea, the banded layer membrane was partially confirmed. These findings suggest that the recipient corneas separated at different layers during the DALK procedure. With our surgical technique, the detachment of the Descemet membrane may occur at a mechanically weak segment. This separation site may not be between the Descemet membrane and the corneal stroma.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hemicentral retinal vein occlusion (hCRVO) is a disease related to CRVO but not to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). We reported a significant correlation between aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and the implicit time of 30-Hz flicker electroretinogram (ERG) in CRVO eyes. The purpose of this study was to compare aqueous VEGF levels and ERG components between hCRVO and BRVO eyes. The medical records of patients with macular edema secondary to hCRVO (12 eyes) or BRVO (16 eyes) and received an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (IVB) at the Nagoya University Hospital from July 2009 to May 2013 were reviewed. Full-field ERGs were recorded before the IVB. Aqueous humor was collected just before the IVB to measure VEGF concentration. Differences in aqueous VEGF level and ERG components between hCRVO and BRVO eyes were determined. Mean aqueous VEGF concentration in hCRVO eyes was significantly higher than that in BRVO eyes (504 vs. 148 pg/ml, P < 0.05). The implicit time of 30-Hz flicker ERG was significantly longer in hCRVO than in BRVO eyes (33.5 vs. 29.8 ms, P < 0.01). The significant difference in VEGF levels in aqueous and implicit times of 30-Hz flicker ERG suggest that retinal ischemia is more manifest in hCRVO than in BRVO eyes.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a rat glaucoma model with chronic intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation induced by microbeads suspended in sodium sulfate-sodium hyaluronate. Chronic elevation of IOP was induced unilaterally by injecting polystyrene microbeads, suspended in 4 % sodium sulfate and 3 % sodium hyaluronate, into the anterior chamber. The microbead suspension was injected through either the clear corneal (CC) or sclerocorneal (SC) tunnel. IOP changes were monitored up to 8 weeks after injection. The loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) was assessed using fluorogold retrograde labeling of RGCs. RGC axons were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. The resulting IOP elevation was maintained up to 3 weeks after the intracameral injection of microbeads through the CC route and up to 4 weeks after injection through the SC route. The density of RGCs was significantly reduced at 4 weeks after injection, with the SC route leading to more RGC loss than the CC route (p = 0.037). The neurofilament immunoreactivity and protein levels in the optic nerve were also significantly reduced at 4 weeks after injection. Some eyes in the SC route cohort received re-injection of the microbead suspension at 4 weeks after the initial injection, which led to an elevated IOP more than 8 weeks after the initial injection, and eventually a 27.5 % loss of RGC density compared with the control eyes. The intracameral injection of microbeads suspended in hyaluronate effectively produced chronic IOP elevation and subsequent RGC degeneration in rat eyes. The sclerocorneal tunnel approach yielded a longer period of IOP elevation than the clear corneal approach. Our modified microbead injection offers a reliable high-pressure glaucoma model.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Topcon 3D spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for measuring the macular inner retinal layers and the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) in order to detect preperimetric glaucoma. Two hundred four eyes, including 64 healthy eyes, 68 eyes with preperimetric glaucoma, and 72 eyes with early glaucoma were analyzed. Patients had a comprehensive ocular examination including visual field testing and SD-OCT imaging (3D OCT-2000; Topcon Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) in the macular and peripapillary regions. OCT macular scans were segmented into the macular nerve fiber layer (mNFL), ganglion cell layer with the inner plexiform layer (GCIP), and ganglion cell complex (GCC) (composed of the mNFL and GCIP). Ability to discriminate preperimetric glaucoma was assessed using the area under the receiver operating curve for all macular parameters and the cpRNFL. The median visual field MD was -0.78 ± 1.19 dB for the healthy group, -1.02 ± 1.29 dB for the preperimetric glaucoma group, and -3.08 ± 1.61 dB for the early glaucoma group. There were significant differences between the preperimetric and healthy groups for GCIP and GCC and for almost all cpRNFL thickness parameters (P < 0.05), except for the mNFL and cpRNFL (nasal, 3, 4, 8, 9, and 10 o'clock sectors). The comparisons among the AUCs of the cpRNFL parameters (0.772), the GCIP parameters (0.727) and the GCC parameters (0.720) showed no significant differences in their abilities to detect preperimetric glaucoma. The capacity of Topcon 3D-OCT macular intraretinal parameters (GCIP and GCC measurements, not mNFL measurements) to diagnose preperimetric glaucoma is similar to that of the cpRNFL.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To measure changes in axial length before and after trabeculectomy with noncontact, partial coherence laser interferometry and identify patient factors that lead to the development of hypotony maculopathy and axial length shortening in 25 eyes with intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤6 mmHg at 4 weeks after mitomycin C-augmented trabeculectomy. A retrospective comparative case series. Hypotony maculopathy was identified with both ophthalmoscopy and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Axial length and IOP were serially measured pre- and postoperatively. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with the presence of hypotony maculopathy at 4 weeks after trabeculectomy and multiple regression analysis to identify factors associated with axial length changes. Ten eyes exhibited hypotony maculopathy, whereas the remaining 15 did not. Patients with hypotony maculopathy were significantly younger (47.7 ± 6.2 years) compared with those without it (63.3 ± 9.6 years, P = 0.0002, unpaired t test). The percent reduction of axial length after trabeculectomy was significantly larger in the former group (5.91 ± 2.76 %) compared with the latter group (1.51 ± 0.91 %) (P = 0.0001, Mann-Whitney U test). Multivariate analyses showed that only age was associated with the presence of hypotony maculopathy, with an odds ratio of 0.82 (P = 0.0075), when age, sex, type of glaucoma, lens status, percent changes in axial length and IOP before and after trabeculectomy, and central corneal thickness were included as independent variables (R (2) = 0.543, P = 0.003). Age-dependent axial length reduction is a risk factor for the development of hypotony maculopathy after trabeculectomy.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the outcomes of intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (IVB) for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). IVB was selected to be the first treatment for type 1 ROP in 8 eyes (4 patients). Bevacizumab (0.25 mg/eye) was injected into the vitreous cavity under either general anesthesia or sedation. Fundus photography and fluorescein angiography were performed before the IVB. One infant was observed to the age of 1 year 6 months, the second to 1 year 9 months, the third to 1 year 10 months, and the fourth to 2 years 0 month. Before the IVB, 6 eyes (3 patients) had ROP in zone II and 2 eyes (one patient) had ROP in zone I. The 3 infants with ROP in zone II weighed 652, 476, and 579 g with gestational ages of 24, 27, and 24 weeks at birth, respectively. The infant with ROP in zone I weighed 972 g with a gestational age of 26 weeks at birth. IVB was performed at postmenstrual ages of 33-37 weeks. The IVB was effective in all eyes with ROP in zone II and additional treatment was not required, whereas vitreous hemorrhage and cataract were found at 19 weeks and 5 months after the initial IVB in the two eyes with ROP in zone I. These two eyes required additional IVB, laser photocoagulation, and surgery. Our findings suggest that eyes with type 1 ROP in zone II can be treated with IVB. Further studies are needed with a larger number of eyes.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations using ray tracing software in eyes after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Twenty-four eyes of 17 cataract patients who underwent phacoemulsification and IOL implantation after myopic LASIK were analyzed retrospectively. The IOL power calculation was performed using OKULIX ray tracing software. The axial length was measured using the IOLMaster and keratometry data using TMS2N. The accuracy of the IOL power calculation using OKULIX was compared with those using the Camellin-Calossi, Shammas-PL, Haigis-L formulas and the double-K SRK/T formula using 43.5 diopters (D) for the Kpre. The mean values of the arithmetic and absolute prediction errors were 0.63 ± 0.85 and 0.80 ± 0.68 D, respectively. The arithmetic prediction error by OKULIX was a significant hyperopic shift of the distribution of the postoperative refractive errors compared to the Camellin-Calossi, Shammas-PL and Haigis-L formulas (P < 0.05), and the absolute prediction error showed no significant difference with other formulas. The prediction errors using OKULIX were within ±0.5 D in 10 eyes (41.7 %) and within ±1.0 D in 18 eyes (75.0 %). The percentages of eyes within ±1.0 D using OKULIX were comparable to those obtained using the Camellin-Calossi, the Shammas-PL formulas and the double-K SRK/T formula using 43.5 D for the Kpre, and significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that obtained using the Haigis-L formula. IOL power calculations using OKULIX provided predictable outcomes in eyes that had undergone a previous myopic LASIK.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the characteristics of the graft-host interface after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Forty-nine eyes of 49 patients with three different underlying diseases (corneal scar, 22 eyes; bullous keratopathy, 14 eyes; keratoconus, 13 eyes) who underwent PKP were retrospectively reviewed. AS-OCT was performed in all patients and wound profiles of the graft-host junctions were classified into well-apposed junction, gap, step, and protrusion. The correlations between clinical characteristics and wound profiles from the AS-OCT were analyzed. A total of 392 graft-host junctions from 49 eyes were analyzed. Among them, 155 sections (39.5 %) had well-apposed junctions and 237 sections (60.5 %) had malapposed junctions. The most frequent type of malapposition was protrusion (117 sections, 39.9 %). When categorizing the eyes according to the most frequent alignment type among the 8 cross-sections, the alignment pattern showed significant differences between the preoperative diagnosis groups (P = 0.04). Spherical equivalent (P = 0.04) and keratometric astigmatism (P < 0.01) showed significant differences between the alignment groups. Graft-host thickness disparities showed significant correlations with keratometric astigmatism (r = 0.56, P < 0.01) and degree of graft oversize (r = 0.29, P = 0.04). The alignment pattern of wound interface after PKP differed according to the clinical diagnosis before surgery and was significantly associated with spherical equivalent and keratometric astigmatism.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Smad4, a key intracellular mediator in TGF-β signaling, plays a critical role in the normal development of many tissues/organs. However, its functional role in the development of the lacrimal gland (LG) has never been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the role Smad4 may play in the development of LG by using Smad4 conditional knockout mice and comparing their LG changes with the LG in normal control mice. Smad4 in the LG, as well as in the lens, cornea, and ectoderm of the eyelids, was conditionally inactivated by using Pax6 promoter-driven Cre-transgenic mice. Lac Z reporter was used to visualize the developing LG by X-gal staining, and standard histologic approaches were used to reveal morphologic alterations. Inactivation of Smad4 resulted in reduction in the size and number of acini in the embryonic LG and in pigment accumulation within the LG, although it did not affect the formation of the primary lacrimal bud. After birth, the LG from Smad4-mutant mice developed slowly, and pigment was observed starting from the P7 mutant LG. Thereafter, the mutant LG was considerably smaller than the normal LG and was eventually replaced by adipose tissue. These results support the notion that Smad4 is essential for the normal development and maintenance of the mouse LG.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of discriminating a narrow and occludable chamber angle by means of digital gonioscopy. In a prospective controlled clinical study 40 eyes of 40 patients were enrolled. 20 patients that had suffered acute angle closure glaucoma (ACG) on the fellow eye were compared to 20 patients with open angle glaucoma (OAG). Anterior segment imaging with SL-OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) enabled the delineation, by means of automatic signal analysis, of several important parameters of the anterior chamber angle region, which were compared to those revealed from direct contact glass gonioscopy and ultrasound biometry. The anterior segment structures were automatically recognized by the SL-OCT software in 70 % of the ACG patients and in all of the OAG cases (100 %) (p = 0.025). Anterior chamber angle (ACA) was 15.55° ± 6.92° in the ACG group and 34.6° ± 8.9° in the OAG group, whereas angle opening distance (AOD) was 199.55 ± 62.29 μm in ACG and 452.67 ± 123.91 μm in OAG. A good correlation was found in the direct gonioscopic findings (r = 0.85, p < 0.001), but there were significant differences between both groups (p < 0.001). Mean real central anterior chamber depth (rACD) was evaluated to be 1.75 and 2.79 mm in ACG and OAG, respectively, showing a significant difference (p < 0.0001) and the highest (although not statistically significant) sensitivity and specificity above all other parameters tested in discriminating between OAG and ACG eyes. Discrimination criteria revealed a relevant narrowing of the anterior chamber angle region for values below 22° (ACA), 276 μm (AOD) and 2.08 mm (rACD). Digital gonioscopy by means of SL-OCT allowed a non-invasive and objective imaging of the anterior chamber configuration that could be used as a screening method for narrow and occludable angles. The method could contribute to a timely identification of angle closure and alert clinicians to further determine whether a peripheral iridotomy should be performed.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Studies on stem cells (SC) show that SC functions are determined by the extracellular microenvironment, known as the "niche", and by intrinsic genetic programs in the SCs; both are involved in regulating the delicate balance of self-renewal and differentiation. We have identified an animal model of limbal SC (LSC) deficiency and transplantation of SC-containing limbal tissue to treat the LSC deficiency, which could not only replace LSCs by providing new healthy corneal epithelial cells but also restore the lost niche of the limbal stromal layer, causing the regression of vessels and rearrangement of the corneal stromal lamellae. The purpose of the ex-vivo expansion technique is to develop a method that will enable culture of a small number of SCs which could than be expanded in a defined cultured system while preserving the original characteristics and properties of the SCs. In addition, SC characteristics will continue to be maintained when the cultured cells are transplanted back into the host. Bromodeoxyuridine-retaining, ΔNp63, ABCG2, p120, and N-cadherin immunoreactive studies of LSC cultured on an amniotic membrane have been performed. Pathological studies have been conducted for cases with preexisting central corneal stromal opacity treated by transplantation of LSCs followed by penetrating keratoplasty. The results indicate that the amniotic membrane can provide the niche environment for cultured LSCs and maintain the limbal-like environment for the transplanted area of cornea.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings of neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1) patients with/without optic pathway glioma (OPG) with those of healthy controls. Ten patients with NF-1, 17 patients with NF-1-associated OPGs, and 17 control subjects were included in the study. Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular thickness findings measured with Stratus OCT were compared between the groups. The average RNFL thickness was significantly lower in the OPG group (76.72 ± 22.16 μm) than in the controls (108.89 ± 9.92 μm) and NF-1 patients without OPGs (111.17 ± 12.13 μm) (p < 0.001). The macular volume was also found to be lower in NF-1 patients with OPG (6.41 ± 0.66 mm(3)) than in the healthy controls (7.19 ± 0.36 mm(3); p = 0.001) and NF-1 patients without OPGs (7.25 ± 0.26 mm(3); p = 0.005). Following this analysis the OPG group was further subdivided into two categories: OPG patients with normal visual acuity (VA) and OPG patients with decreased VA. The statistical analysis was repeated for these four subgroups, revealing that while the decrement in the average RNFL thickness was significant for both OPG groups that in the macular volume was only significant for OPG patients with decreased VA. The results of our study suggest that RNFL thinning can be a helpful marker for the detection of OPGs in NF-1 patients. Larger studies with longitudinal data are required to confirm the role of OCT in the diagnosis and follow-up of these patients.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a novel scoring system for uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD), termed Behçet's disease ocular attack score 24 (BOS24), and examined its validity and usefulness by estimating changes in ocular disease activities both before and after initiation of infliximab therapy. BOS24 consists of a total 24 points divided into 6 parameters of ocular inflammatory symptoms. To examine the validity of our scoring system, 5 uveitis specialists examined the severity of 50 ocular attacks in clinical charts using both our system and a physician's impression score (grade 1-10). In addition, ocular disease activities both before and after initiation of infliximab were retrospectively examined in 150 cases of ocular BD using BOS24. The average BOS24 for the 5 doctors was highly correlated with the average physician's impression score (p < 0.0001), whereas the coefficient of variance for BOS24 among doctors was much lower than that for the physician's impression score (p < 0.0001). Summation of BOS24 over a 6-month period (BOS24-6M) was significantly reduced after starting infliximab therapy (p < 0.0001). The average BOS24 for individual ocular attacks was also significantly decreased after starting infliximab, with scores for the posterior pole and fovea notably improved. BOS24 was highly related to severity noted by the physician's impression and had a low level of variability among the examined doctors. Using our novel scoring system, infliximab therapy was shown to reduce not only the frequency of ocular attacks, but also the severity of each attack. BOS24 is a promising tool for evaluating ocular BD activities.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2014;

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