Journal of Pest Science (J PEST SCI )

Publisher: Springer Verlag


The Journal of Pest Science provides authoritative coverage of research developments and advances in the fight against pests. Through peer-reviewed original research papers and informative contributions on current topics, the journal acts as a bridge between academic research and application. While most journals on pest management and plant protection concentrate on damage inflicted by insects, bacteria and viruses, this journal also takes into consideration so-called higher animals, such as snails, birds, and certain reptiles. The contributions provide a broad overview of pest science in the areas of agriculture, horticulture, forestry, conservation, stored products research, and health and safety aspects. In doing so, the journal devotes special attention to the development of new methods to control pests, including their effectiveness and side-effects on useful plants. Journal previously known as Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde (1436-5693).

Impact factor 2.66

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    Journal of Pest Science website
  • Other titles
    Journal of pest science (Online)
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    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The tomato borer Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is an invasive pest of tomato crops that is rapidly expanding around the world. It is considered a devastating pest and its control heavily relies on application of insecticides. Diamides are a novel class of insecticides acting on insect ryanodine receptors and are highly effective against lepidopteran pests. To date, chlorantraniliprole and flubendiamide have been registered in the market and they have been extensively used to manage T. absoluta. In this study, a survey was conducted in Greece and Italy monitoring diamide resistance. The populations originating from Sicily (Italy) exhibited LC50s that ranged between 47.6–435 for chlorantraniliprole and 993–1.376 for flubendiamide, while for Crete (Greece) LC50s ranged between 0.14–2.45 for chlorantraniliprole and 1.7–8.4 for flubendiamide (LC50s in mg L−1). Comparing this result to the susceptible reference strain, high resistance levels for the Italian populations were detected, i.e., up to 2,414- and 1,742-fold for chlorantraniliprole and flubendiamide, respectively. Resistance ratios for Greek populations were found up to 14-fold for chlorantraniliprole and 11-fold for flubendiamide, suggesting that diamide resistance is low but increasing considering monitoring data over time. Hereby, we report for the first time, cases of resistance development to diamide insecticides in T. absoluta. These findings underline the importance of committing to the resistance management strategies for diamide insecticides.
    Journal of Pest Science 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The diversity and abundance of natural enemies of insect pests is often higher in agroforestry plantations than in sun-exposed monocultures, and it is often assumed that this will lead to improved pest suppression. The effect that incorporating trees in cropping systems will have on pest populations, however, also depends on the habitat requirements of the pests themselves. In Eastern Uganda, we studied how shade level (full >50 trees per acre, moderate 21–50 trees per acre, and low 0–20 trees per acre) and altitude (high 1,717–1,840 m.a.s.l. and low 1,511–1,605 m.a.s.l.) influenced the abundance of the white stem borer Monochamus leuconotus and the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei. We found that the effect of shade trees differed between the two pest species. The coffee berry borer was more common on sun-exposed plantations, whereas the white stem borer was more common in shaded plantations. Furthermore, the effect of shade level on the white stem borer depended on altitude, with the differences between shade levels being most pronounced in plantations at low altitudes. This implies that the impact of agroforestry on pest regulation both under current conditions and in a global warming scenario will be highly context dependent; it will depend on the identity of the most important pests in the area, and on environmental factors such as altitude.
    Journal of Pest Science 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Efficacy of commercial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki (Btk) against spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana in black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP), white spruce (P. glauca (Moench) Voss) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) was investigated in Québec’s Côte-Nord region. As expected, larval mortality was higher in Btk-treated plots (80.26 ± 2.34 %) than in control plots (66.32 ± 2.80 %). There were no differences in larval mortality among the three host tree species tested. Btk was most efficient in reducing spruce budworm defoliation when applied to black spruce and white spruce trees. Black spruce and white spruce exhibited lower final defoliation in Btk-treated plots than balsam fir. Btk applications produced a reduction in defoliation of 36 % in balsam fir, 44 % in white spruce and 41 % in black spruce. Control plots exhibited about 35 % higher amount of current-year foliage destroyed (AFD) and 56 % lower amount of current-year foliage remaining (ARF) than Btk-treated plots, whereas no differences in the amount of current-year foliage produced (AFP) were observed among host tree species. Black spruce trees showed the lowest AFD. Although not statistically significant, black spruce also showed the highest ARF. Our results suggest that Btk application is more efficient in protecting against spruce budworm damage when it is applied to spruce species than it is to balsam fir. It appears that the observed inter-specific differences in host tree foliage protection might be related to interactions between Btk, host tree foliage, and larval feeding behaviour.
    Journal of Pest Science 01/2015;
  • Journal of Pest Science 12/2014; 87(4):551-557.
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    ABSTRACT: The Khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium Everts, is a global pest species of stored grain products. Accurate identification of Trogoderma specimens trapped within stores of grain is critical to surveillance and exclusion efforts for the Khapra beetle. To enhance diagnostic capacity, we report PCR-based diagnostic assays for Khapra beetle identification. Three methods such as conventional PCR, real-time PCR, and DNA sequencing are reported for the diagnosis of Trogoderma specimens captured within the U.S. All three methods discern the Khapra beetle based on variation in fragments of 16S mitochondrial DNA. To examine PCR assay stringency, ten native or introduced Trogoderma species and two Megatoma species were also examined. These DNA-based assays provide reliable identification of T. granarium regardless of condition, life stage, or taxonomic expertise of the investigator.
    Journal of Pest Science 12/2014; 87(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), is one of the most important pests of crucifers worldwide. Susceptibility to insecticides and host plants of P. xylostella vary geographically. To investigate local adaptation, we measured the variation of the biology, life-histories and life-table parameters of P. xylostella populations from five widely ranging geographical regions in China, Beijing (BJ), Shandong (SD), Shaanxi (SX), Yunnan (YN), and Guangdong (GD), using the same variety of cabbage (Brassicae oleracea L. var. capitata; var. “Qingan 80”) as the food plant at the same temperature in the laboratory. Principal components analysis showed the life-history and life-table parameters of P. xylostella differed among the five geographical populations. The first component, including female fecundity and adult longevity and male adult longevity, accounted for the most variation among the five geographical regions, which can be classified into three groups: BJ–SX, YN–GD, and SD. The intrinsic rate of increase (r m ) was greatest in BJ and SX, intermediate for GD and YN, and the lowest for SD, whereas mean generation time (T) was greatest in SD, intermediate for YN and GD, and the lowest for BJ and SX. These variations reflect the importance of local genetic adaptation and should be considered when planning management of P. xylostella in China.
    Journal of Pest Science 12/2014; 87(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Essential oils are by-products of plant metabolism that are now known to interfere with basic metabolic, physiological and behavioral functions of insects, thereby having promise for use as pest control agents. Accordingly, four essential oil compounds, thymol, 1,8-cineole, linalool and pulegone, were evaluated against the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae), to determine their acute toxicity. Thymol and 1,8-cineole were highly toxic to third instars with a LD50 of 0.22 and 0.41 μg/larva, respectively. Linalool and pulegone were moderately active against this insect species, exhibiting P. xylostella larvae, were antagonistic as biorational mixtures. Linalool was antagonistic in all combinations. In various assays with detoxification enzymes in treated conditions, there was a significant increase in enzyme levels both in vivo and in vitro. Thymol and 1,8-cineole were the active toxicants against P. xylostella, with significant potential to control this pest as biorational mixtures in a synergistic combination with pulegone. Induction in enzyme levels by these compounds suggests possibilities of resistance, which at present remains a speculation, but cannot be summarily ignored because the induction of enzymes due to involvement of detoxification enzymes in the metabolism of a broad range of xenobiotics and secondary metabolites in plants is well known.
    Journal of Pest Science 12/2014; 87(4).
  • Journal of Pest Science 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro and in vivo studies were developed to evaluate the compatibility of the six most common herbicides applied to the soil of olive orchards with the Metarhizium brunneum strain EAMa 01/58-Su for controlling Ceratitis capitata preimaginals. The fungus demonstrated high in vitro compatibility with the six active ingredients in malt agar medium, with growth rates (a) ranging between 2.5 mm d-1 (glyphosate ? terbuthylazine) and 3.3 mm d-1 (oxyfluorfen). This compatibility was also revealed in vivo by assaying the fungus (1.0 9 108 conidia g soil-1) toward medfly prepupariating larvae in soil containing herbicides. Even if there was a decrease in the M. brunneum level in the soil up to 104–105 conidia g soil-1 15 days after inoculation, mortality rates, which ranged between 70–80 %, did not differ significantly from the control, except the ones observed in soils that contained glyphosate and its herbicide combinations, in which a significant 50 %reduction of virulence was detected. These results reveal a general compatibility of M. brunneum with the most common herbicides applied to the soil of olive orchards, but a mixture of the fungus in the atomizer tank for simultaneous treatment beneath the tree canopy is recommended for all active ingredients except glyphosate.
    Journal of Pest Science 11/2014;