Autoimmunity (Autoimmunity )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Current understanding of autoimmune disease is being increasingly underpinned by the new molecular sciences. Progress in this area has been little short of spectacular, and all clinical specialities now recognise autoimmunity as a major component of the diseases with which they are involved. Autoimmunity is an international, peer reviewed journal that publishes articles of clinical and basic science on the pathogenesis, immunology, genetics, molecular biology, and treatment of autoimmune diseases. In addition to the basic mechanisms and elements of the immune system, the journal focuses on the autoimmune processes associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren syndrome, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and other systemic and organ-specific autoimmune diseases. The journal is not restricted to any disease type or clinical speciality, but reflects the areas where scientific progress is most rapid and clinical applications significant and widespread. The journal is valuable to clinicians and researchers in immunology and molecular biology.

  • Impact factor
    2.77
  • 5-year impact
    2.51
  • Cited half-life
    5.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.47
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.79
  • Website
    Autoimmunity website
  • ISSN
    1607-842X
  • OCLC
    300118157
  • Material type
    Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

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    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 month embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals
    • 18 month embargo for SSH journals
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • Pre-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Post-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • Publisher will deposit to PMC on behalf of NIH authors.
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Deubiquitination-mediated regulation is important for homeostatic NF-κB activation. Aberrant NF-κB activation associated with various inflammatory and autoimmune disorders is linked with defects in the deubiquitinase A20. A20 is an important anti-inflammatory molecule that is induced by multiple signals and has numerous targets. Polymorphisms within the A20 locus or its altered expression are thought to contribute in development of autoimmune disorders. Further various studies in mice models underscore the biological importance of A20 in prevention of inflammatory conditions. Dysregulated A20 is also been suggested as a link between prolonged inflammation and cancer by preliminary reports. This review summarizes the existing understanding and focuses on the new developments in the field of A20 biology. These developments highlight the importance of A20 in pathophysiology of autoimmune disorders and its scope as therapeutics and a biomarker.
    Autoimmunity 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract A study of IgG4 autoantibody levels in juvenile thyroid disease patients showed evidence of heritability using the ROMP screening method. These levels increased with time despite the fact that total IgG antibody decreased with time. Evidence of heritability was demonstrated only in patients with high titers of autoantibodies to both thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroperoxidase (TPO) unlike family members who may show high titers of one or the other and be asymptomatic at the time of sampling. Since high and low IgG4 levels give different heritability plots, these findings may represent a more severe fibrotic form of thyroiditis with a distinct genetic background. Hence a simple predictive approach is offered by this screening tool for the disease in patients and family members which may be helpful in the future to identify IgG4-related thyroiditis early in the course of disease without the requirement for biopsy.
    Autoimmunity 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression and translation. The genetic variants altering miRNA targets have been associated with many diseases. Here we systematically mapped the human genetic polymorphisms that may affect miRNA-mRNA interactions in the autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) pathway. We also mapped the polymorphic miRNA target sites in the genes that have been linked to AITDs or other thyroid-related diseases/phenotypes in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). These genetic polymorphisms may potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of AITDs and other thyroid diseases. The polymorphic miRNA-mRNA interactions we mapped in the AITD pathway and the GWAS-informed thyroid disease loci may provide insights into the possible miRNA-mediated molecular mechanisms through which genetic variants assert their influences on thyroid diseases and phenotypes.
    Autoimmunity 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common chronic rheumatologic disease in children. JIA is a group of disorders that share the clinical manifestation of chronic joint inflammation. The human leukocyte antigen region (HLA) seems to be a major susceptibility locus for JIA that is estimated to account for 17% of familial segregation of the disease. To date, around 20 non-HLA loci conferring susceptibility to JIA were found. At least a half of those are shared between JIA and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an adult rheumatic disease, thereby suggesting for similarity of pathogenic mechanisms of both diseases. New findings also suggest for a likely role of epigenetic alterations in the pathogenesis of JIA that should be investigated in the future.
    Autoimmunity 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Type 1 diabetes (DM1) is a chronic inflammatory disease, which when progresses leads to the development of late vascular complications. The disease involves impairments in regulatory and effector subsets of T lymphocytes, which suppress and maintain inflammatory response, respectively. ST2/IL-33 pathway is involved in T-cell-mediated immune response and might regulate the inflammatory process in several diseases. This review presents the latest research findings regarding effector and regulatory T cell subsets in the context of inflammation accompanying DM1 with particular focus on the ST2/IL-33 network and its possible association with T cell-mediated immunity.
    Autoimmunity 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an immune-mediated neurological disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. A serum biomarker, aquaporin-4 IgG, the autoantibody against aquaporin-4 water channel, has been specifically associated with NMO and has assisted early recognition and prediction of relapses. Less commonly, a monophasic course, associated with antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein has been reported. Specific diagnostic criteria have been defined; however, some cases that do not fulfil these criteria (but are nevertheless associated with aquaporin-4 IgG) are classified as NMO spectrum disorder and follow the same relapsing course. An ever-growing list of autoimmune disorders, both organ-specific and non-organ-specific, have been associated in up to 20-30% of patients with NMO. These disorders, which may become symptomatic before or after the development of NMO, are often diagnosed long after the diagnosis of NMO, as symptoms may be wrongly attributed to NMO, its residual effects or medication side effects. In addition, autoantibodies can be found in patients with NMO without coexisting disease (up to 40% in some series) and maybe suggestive of a heightened humoral immune response. We present a comprehensive review of the current literature on autoimmune disorders co-existing with NMO and identified 22 autoimmune conditions (myasthenia gravis, coeliac disease, ulcerative colitis, sclerosing cholangitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Sjogren's syndrome, autoimmune hypothyroidism, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, pernicious anaemia, narcolepsy, pemphigus foliaceus, alopecia areata, psoriasis, scleroderma, dermatitis herpetiformis, polymyositis, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, paraneoplastic disorders, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and autoimmune encephalitis).
    Autoimmunity 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Self-specific B cells play a main role in the pathogenesis of lupus. This autoimmune disease is characterized by the generation of autoantibodies against self antigens, and the elimination of B and T cells involved in the pathological immune response is a logical approach for effective therapy. We have previously constructed a chimeric molecule by coupling a DNA-mimotope peptides to an anti-CD32 antibody. Using this protein molecule for the treatment of lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice, we suppressed selectively the autoreactive B-lymphocytes by cross-linking B cell receptors with the inhibitory FcγRIIb receptors. This approach was limited by the development of anti-chimeric antibodies in MRL mice. In order to avoid this problem, we established a murine severe combined immunodeficiency lupus model, allowing a long-term chimera therapy. Elimination of the double-stranded DNA-specific B cells by chimera therapy in MRL-transferred immunodeficient mice resulted in inhibition of T cell proliferation and prevented the appearance of IgG anti-DNA antibodies and of proteinuria.
    Autoimmunity 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the has-mir-146a (miR-146a) genes with the risk for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). The genotyping of miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism was detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. In the patients with ITP, the frequencies of GG, GC and CC genotypes and G and C alleles were 12.5%, 47.9%, 39.6%, 36.4% and 63.6%, respectively. There was no significant difference in genotype and alleles distribution between the ITP patient and the controls (p = 0.77 and 0.51, respectively). No significant differences were found between the two groups when stratified by the age and disease course including acute adult, chronic adult, acute childhood and chronic childhood. In conclusion, there was no association between the SNP of miR-146a and the susceptibility to ITP in a Chinese population.
    Autoimmunity 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG) is the treatment of choice for many immune-mediated diseases, yet its mechanisms of action are incompletely elucidated. We investigated the possibility that IVIG played a direct role in the expansion of regulatory T cells (Treg) that recognize the heavy chain constant region of immunoglobulin G (Fc) as a mechanism for the recovery of Kawasaki disease (KD), a T cell mediated pediatric vasculitis of the coronary arteries. We successfully generated Fc-specific Treg clones from sub-acute KD subjects that did not develop arterial complications after IVIG and defined an unusual functional phenotype: Fc-specific Treg secrete IL-10 and small amounts of IL-4 but not TGF-β. Antigen presentation studies demonstrated that these Treg clones can be activated by autologous B cells that express IgG on their cell surface in the absence of exogenous Fc. The IgG molecule has to be canonically processed and presented by autologous MHC molecules to be recognized by Treg. In support of the importance of this novel Treg population in downsizing vascular inflammation, KD patients with dilated coronary arteries or aneurysms despite IVIG treatment failed to expand Fc-specific Treg. Our results point to a specificity of a previously un-described Treg population for the clinical benefit provided by IVIG therapy in children.
    Autoimmunity 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Pathogenic effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the salivary glands of patients with Sjögren's syndrome have been demonstrated. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which is a catechin derivative and exhibits potent antioxidant activity, has been reported to ameliorate autoimmune sialadenitis in a murine model, but the mechanism underlying its protective action remains to be investigated. Herein, we examined the effects of EGCG administration to MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr (MRL-Fas(lpr)) mice on disease severity of autoimmune sialadenitis and protein expression levels of 11 sialadenitis-related molecules - heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) (antioxidant); thymidine glycol (marker of DNA damage); gp91phox/NADPH oxidase 2 (prooxidant); single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and cleaved caspase 3 (apoptotic cell markers); p53 and Bax (proapoptotic molecules); Bcl-2 (antiapoptotic molecule); SSA/Ro, SSB/La, and Ifi202 (autoantigens). In EGCG-treated mice, the severity of sialadenitis was substantially decreased. Expression levels of thymidine glycol, gp91phox, ssDNA, cleaved caspase 3, p53, Bax, SSA/Ro, SSB/La, and Ifi202 in duct epithelial cells of salivary glands from EGCG-treated mice were reduced, whereas HO-1 and Bcl-2 were overexpressed. Results of correlation analysis among sialadenitis severity and 11 sialadenitis related-molecules, and those of partial correlation analysis between apoptotic related-molecules and sialadenitis severity or HO-1 suggested that the consecutive pathogenic cycle including activated autoimmune reactions, ROS synthesis, DNA damage and p53-dependent apoptosis was associated with the pathogenesis of autoimmune sialadenitis in MRL-Fas(lpr) mice. Overexpression of HO-1 and Bcl-2 mediated by EGCG blocked this pathogenic cycle, subsequently resulting in the inhibition of ROS-mediated DNA damage and apoptosis, and protected salivary gland tissues from oxidative stress. Clinically, green tea catechin may have therapeutic efficacy for Sjögren's syndrome.
    Autoimmunity 02/2014; 47(1):13-22.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Graves' disease is an autoimmune hyperthyroidism caused by thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs). Because Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) persists in B cells and is occasionally reactivated, we hypothesized that EBV contributes to TRAbs production in Graves' disease patients by stimulating the TRAbs-producing B cells. In order for EBV to stimulate antibody-producing cells, EBV must be present in those cells but that have not yet been observed. We examined whether EBV-infected (EBV(+)) B cells with TRAbs on their surface (TRAbs(+)) as membrane immunoglobulin were present in peripheral blood of Graves' disease patients. We analyzed cultured or non-cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 13 patients and 11 healthy controls by flow-cytometry and confocal laser microscopy, and confirmed all cultured PBMCs from 8 patients really had TRAbs(+) EBV(+) double positive cells. We unexpectedly detected TRAbs(+) cells in all healthy controls, and TRAbs(+) EBV(+) double positive cells in all cultured PBMC from eight healthy controls. The frequency of TRAbs(+) cells in cultured PBMCs was significantly higher in patients than in controls (p = 0.021). In this study, we indicated the presence of EBV-infected B lymphocytes with TRAbs on their surface, a possible player of the production of excessive TRAbs, the causative autoantibody for Graves' disease. This is a basic evidence for our hypothesis that EBV contributes to TRAbs production in Graves' disease patients. Our results further suggest that healthy controls have the potential for TRAbs production. This gives us an important insight into the pathogenesis of Graves' disease.
    Autoimmunity 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Recent therapeutic advancements in understanding of molecular and cellular mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have highlighted the strategies that aim to inhibit the harmful effects of up-regulated cytokines or other inflammatory mediators and to inhibit their associated signaling events. The utility of cytokine as therapeutic targets in RA has been unequivocally demonstrated by the success of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α blockade in clinical practice. Partial and non-responses to TNF-α blocking agents, however, together with the increasing clinical drive to remission induction, requires that further therapeutic targets be identified. Numerous proinflammatory mediators with their associated cell signaling events have now been demonstrated in RA, including interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-12 superfamilies. Continued efforts are ongoing to target IL-6, IL-15 and IL-17 in clinical trials with promising data emerging. In the present review, we focus on IL-7, IL-18, IL-32 and IL-10 family of cytokines (IL-19, IL-20 and IL-22) as they are implicated in contributing to the pathogenesis of RA, which could be targeted and offer new therapeutic options for RA therapy. Recent evidences also suggest that multiligand receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), several adipokines and various components of immune system play a critical role in the pathophysiology of RA; therefore we have also highlighted them as therapeutic targets for RA therapy. Components of subcellular pathways, involve in nuclear transcription factor (NF)-κB, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway have also been discussed and offer several novel potential therapeutic opportunities for RA.
    Autoimmunity 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is complex autoimmune disease which involves various facets of the immune system. Signaling transducers and activators of transcription 1 (STAT1) belongs to the family of STAT transcription factors that mediate various biological responses. Recently, studies in both experimental animal models of lupus and patients with SLE have revealed expression and activation of STAT1 is closely associated with the pathogenesis of SLE. Moreover, increased production of interferons (IFNs) and aberrant activation of IFNs signaling, which is mechanistically linked to increased level of STAT1, are crucial for the development of SLE. Therefore, we will focus on the association of STAT1 and SLE based on recent understandings to render more information about the mechanisms of STAT1 might perform in. Hopefully, the information obtained will lead to a better understanding of the development and pathogenesis of systemic autoimmune diseases, as well as its clinical implications and therapeutic potential.
    Autoimmunity 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The role of T helper 17 (Th17) and T regulatory cells (Treg) in the pathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD) remains uncertain. The influence of methimazole (MMI) on the human immune system is still poorly understood. The aim of the present research was to assess changes in the frequencies of peripheral blood Th17 and Treg cells during GD treatment in the group of teenagers. The frequencies of Th17 and Treg were measured by flow cytometry in 60 adolescents at the time of GD diagnosis and after achieving MMI-induced euthyreosis. The control group consisted of 20 healthy volunteers. Lower percentages and absolute counts of Treg cells were found in the study group before the treatment in comparison with healthy controls (p = 0.032 and p = 0.006, respectively). Treatment with MMI caused an increase in the percentages and absolute counts of Treg lymphocytes (p = 0.037 and p = 0.007). After the treatment, no clinically significant differences in Treg cells between GD patients and controls were found. Higher absolute counts of Th17 lymphocytes were found in hyperthyroid adolescents before the treatment initiation and after achieving euthyreosis than in healthy individuals (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.047). Treatment with MMI caused a significant decrease in the percentages and absolute counts of Th17 lymphocytes (p = 0.047 and p = 0.043). The present study demonstrates that both Th17 and Treg cells might play a role in the pathogenesis of GD. Increased percentage of Treg after MMI therapy seems a predictor of response to anti-hypertensive treatment as it is associated with the normalization of thyroid hormone levels.
    Autoimmunity 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and type-1 diabetes are prevalent autoimmune diseases in the USA. We reported previously that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) prevented and delayed the onset of autoimmune disease in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, a model for both SS and type-1 diabetes. EGCG also normalized the levels of proteins related to DNA repair and anti-oxidant activity in NOD.B10.Sn-H2 mice, a model for primary SS, prior to disease onset. The current study examined the effect of EGCG on the expression of anti-oxidant enzymes in the submandibular salivary gland and the pancreas of NOD mice and cultured human salivary gland acinar cells. NOD mice consuming 0.2% EGCG daily dissolved in water showed higher protein levels of peroxiredoxin 6 (PRDX6), a major anti-oxidant defense protein, and catalase, while the untreated NOD mice exhibited significantly lowered levels of PRDX6. Similarly, pancreas samples from water-fed NOD mice were depleted in PRDX6 and superoxide dismutase, while EGCG-fed mice showed high levels of these anti-oxidant enzymes. In cultured HSG cells EGCG increased PRDX6 levels significantly, and this was inhibited by p38 and JNK inhibitors, suggesting that the EGCG-mediated increase in protective anti-oxidant capacity is regulated in part through mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway signaling. This mechanism may explain the higher levels of PRDX6 found in EGCG-fed NOD mice. These preclinical observations warrant future preclinical and clinical studies to determine whether EGCG or green tea polyphenols could be used in novel preventive and therapeutic approaches against autoimmune diseases and salivary dysfunction involving oxidative stress.
    Autoimmunity 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract All drugs currently used for treating patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD - including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) have the potential to induce skin lesions ranging from mild eruptions to more serious and widespread clinical presentations. The number of cutaneous adverse reactions due to IBD therapies is progressively increasing and the most frequently involved drugs are thiopurines and biologics like tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antagonists. The main drug-induced cutaneous manifestations are non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), notably basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas, and viral skin infections for thiopurines and psoriasiform, eczematoid and lichenoid eruptions as well as skin infections and cutaneous lupus erythematosus for biologics. Cutaneous manifestations should be promptly recognized and correctly diagnosed in order to quickly establish an adequate therapy. The main treatment for NMSC is surgical excision whereas the management of immune-mediated inflammatory skin reactions varies from topical therapy for mild presentations to the shift to another drug alone or in combination with corticosteroids for extensive eruptions.
    Autoimmunity 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The cell adhesion molecule plakophilin 3 (Pkp3) plays an essential role in the maintenance of skin integrity and is targeted in certain autoimmune conditions. In one example, we have shown that Pkp3 is instrumental in mediating the discohesive effects of sera from patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV), a life-threatening autoimmune disease that targets intercellular adhesion in the epidermis. In the present study, we determine the effect of PV autoimmune globulin (PV IgG) on Pkp3 in an in-vitro model of PV. We demonstrate that Pkp3 becomes tyrosine phosphorylated as early as 30 min upon binding of PV IgG to keratinocyte surface and eventually detaches from its binding partner desmoglein 3 (Dsg3). In parallel, Pkp3 is depleted from the membrane (Triton X-soluble) fraction and accumulates in the cytoplasm within 240 min of incubation with PV IgG. Inhibition of Pkp3 phosphorylation by a Src inhibitor attenuates the discohesive effects of PV IgG. Taken together, the data demonstrate that activation of Src-kinase signalling is crucial for PV acantholysis and acts, at least in part, via phosphorylation of the adaptor protein Pkp3.
    Autoimmunity 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a complex genetic autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) is considered as candidate gene in AITD. IL1RN gene is involved in the pathogenesis of a number of autoimmune diseases. These findings prompted us to investigate the association of TSHR and IL1RN genes polymorphism with the risk and the prognosis of HT in Tunisia. A total of 249 healthy controls and 202 patients with HT were genotyped for TSHR D727E and IL1RN(VNTR) polymorphism. No significant difference was found for D727E polymorphism between HT patients and healthy controls. For IL1RN gene, we found an association between HT and IL1RN(VNTR) polymorphism. The A1A3 genotype was more prevalent in HT patients than in controls. However, the A1A4 genotype was associated with HT as a protective factor. Significant association of the TSHR polymorphism with lower plasma TSH level in HT patients has been detected. We found for the first time an association of IL1RN(VNTR) polymorphism with the production of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody at the onset of disease. These preliminary results suggest that only the IL1RN(VNTR) polymorphism may be associated with HT susceptibility and that TSHR and IL1RN(VNTR) polymorphisms may represent prognostic factors for predicting the severity of HT.
    Autoimmunity 12/2013;

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