Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Wiley

Journal description

Representing the Scandinavian sports medicine and science associations the journal publishes original articles on the traumatologic (orthopaedic) physiologic biomechanic medical (including rehabilitation) sociologic psychologic pedagogic historic and philosophic aspects of sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports is thus multidisciplinary and encompasses all elements of research in sport. Leading authorities are invited to contribute reviews on selected topics. The journal is divided into three sections: I Physiology and Biomechanics; II Medicine Traumatology and Rehabilitation; III Social and Behavioural Aspects of Sports.

Current impact factor: 2.90

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.896
2013 Impact Factor 3.174
2012 Impact Factor 3.214
2011 Impact Factor 2.867
2010 Impact Factor 2.794
2009 Impact Factor 2.335
2008 Impact Factor 2.264
2007 Impact Factor 2.295
2006 Impact Factor 1.989
2005 Impact Factor 2.151
2004 Impact Factor 1.717
2003 Impact Factor 0.931
2002 Impact Factor 1.117
2001 Impact Factor 0.899
2000 Impact Factor 0.667
1999 Impact Factor 0.726
1998 Impact Factor 0.83
1997 Impact Factor 0.704
1996 Impact Factor 0.624
1995 Impact Factor 0.39

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.84
Cited half-life 5.60
Immediacy index 0.76
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.06
Website Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports website
Other titles Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports (Online), Scandinavian journal of medicine and science in sports
ISSN 1600-0838
OCLC 47858815
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Regular intensive exercise in athletes increases the relative risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) compared with the relatively sedentary population. Most cases of SCD are due to silent cardiovascular diseases, and pre-participation screening of athletes at risk of SCD is thus of major importance. However, medical guidelines and recommendations differ widely between countries. In Italy, the National Health System recommends pre-participation screening for all competitive athletes including personal and family history, a physical examination, and a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). In the United States, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association recommend a pre-participation screening program limited to the use of specific questionnaires and a clinical examination. The value of a 12-lead ECG is debated based on issues surrounding cost-efficiency and feasibility. The aim of this review was to focus on (i) the incidence rate of cardiac diseases in relation to SCD; (ii) the value of conducting a questionnaire and a physical examination; (iii) the value of a 12-lead resting ECG; (iv) the importance of other cardiac evaluations in the prevention of SCD; and (v) the best practice for pre-participation screening.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12502
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    ABSTRACT: Knee joint pain (KJP) is a cardinal symptom in knee pathologies, and quadriceps inhibition is commonly observed among KJP patients. Previously, KJP independently reduced quadriceps strength and activation. However, it remains unknown how disinhibitory transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) will affect inhibited quadriceps motor function. This study aimed at examining changes in quadriceps maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and central activation ratio (CAR) before and after sensory TENS following experimental knee pain. Thirty healthy participants were assigned to either the TENS or placebo groups. All participants underwent three separate data collection sessions consisting of two saline infusions and one no infusion control in a crossover design. TENS or placebo treatment was administered to each group for 20 min. Quadriceps MVC and CAR were measured at baseline, infusion, treatment, and post-treatment. Perceived knee pain intensity was measured on a 100-mm visual analogue scale. Post-hoc analysis revealed that hypertonic saline infusion significantly reduced the quadriceps MVC and CAR compared with control sessions (P < 0.05). Sensory TENS, however, significantly restored inhibited quadriceps motor function compared with placebo treatment (P < 0.05). There was a negative correlation between changes in MVC and knee pain (r = 0.33, P < 0.001), and CAR and knee pain (r = 0.62, P < 0.001), respectively.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12539
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate temporal alterations of the Achilles tendon volume and hydration state after cross-country-running. Achilles tendons of six untrained participants were examined on a 3T MR-scanner before running, immediately afterwards, and in the following 24, 48, and 72 h. Using a 3D-UTE sequence, caudal (CA) and cranial (CR) mid-portion tendon areas were examined with off-resonance saturation ratios (OSR) and T2* relaxation times. Tendon volume was measured with a self-written Matlab-based automated contour detection algorithm (AVAT) in submillimeter T2-weighted MR images. A significant influence of running in caudal (P = 0.017) and cranial OSR values (P = 0.001), tendon volume (P = 0.024), and cranial T2* measurements (P = 0.046), but not in caudal T2* values (P = 0.298) were found. In detail, mean individual OSR and tendon volume measurements demonstrated a similar but inverted course in their values after exercise: initially, OSR values increased after running (and tendon volume decreased), while subsequently a decrease of OSR values (with an increase of tendon volume) could be observed. OSR and tendon volume measurements are able to detect a physiological response of tendons to a mechanical stimulus. After a transient decrease of free water in the Achilles tendon, an increase with a maximum free water content 48 h after ankle loading and a tendency toward normalization after 72 h was found.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12550
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    ABSTRACT: No abstract is available for this article.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; 25(5). DOI:10.1111/sms.12520
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were (a) to examine the association between various kinds of parental social support and adolescents' physical activity (PA) and (b) to examine whether various kinds of social support from mothers and fathers were differently associated with boys' and girls' PA. Data came from the Aarhus School Survey that included 2100 schoolchildren at 11, 13, and 15 years of age. Parental social support for PA was measured by items about encouragement to do PA, doing joint PA, parents watching PA, and talking about PA. PA was measured as at least 4 h of vigorous PA per week during leisure time. We used logistic regression analyses to estimate the associations for girls and boys separately, adjusted by age group, parents' occupational social class, family structure, and migration status. There were significant and graded associations between adolescents' PA and all four dimensions of parental support for PA. The association patterns were similar for mothers' and fathers' social support and similar for girls and boys. Social processes in the family are important for adolescents' participation in PA. It is important to continue to explore these social processes in order to understand why some adolescents are physically active and others are not.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12531
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    ABSTRACT: Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a frequent clinical presentation in jumping athletes and may be aggravated by sustained sitting, stair use, and loading of the quadriceps. Corticospinal activation of the quadriceps in athletes with AKP has not yet been investigated, but is important in guiding efficacious treatment. This cross-sectional study assessed corticospinal excitability (CSE) of the quadriceps in jumping athletes using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Groups consisted of Control (no knee pain); patellar tendinopathy (PT) [localized inferior pole pain on single-leg decline squat (SLDS)]; and other AKP (nonlocalized pain around the patella). SLDS (numerical score of pain 0–10), Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment Patellar tendon (VISA-P), maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), active motor threshold (AMT), CSE, and Mmax were tested. Twenty nine athletes participated; control n = 8, PT n = 11, AKP n = 10. There were no group differences in age (P = 0.23), body mass index (P = 0.16), MVIC (P = 0.38) or weekly activity (P = 0.22). PT had elevated CSE compared with controls and other AKP (P < 0.001), but no differences were detected between AKP and controls (P = 0.47). CSE appears to be greater in PT than controls and other AKP. An improved understanding of the corticospinal responses in different sources of knee pain may direct better treatment approaches.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12538
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    ABSTRACT: Methodological considerations of football injury epidemiology have only scarcely been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter-rater agreement in injury capture rate and injury categorization for data registered in two different prospective injury surveillance audits studying the same two Norwegian male professional football clubs for two consecutive seasons, 2008–2009. One audit used team-based exposure (TBE) recording and the other individual-based exposure (IBE). The number of injuries recorded and corresponding injury rates (injuries/1000 h exposure) were compared between audits. Cohen's kappa and prevalence-adjusted bias-adjusted kappa (PABAK) coefficients were calculated for injury variables. Of 323 injuries included, the IBE audit captured 318 (overall capture rate 98.5%, training 98.9%, match 97.8%) and the TBE audit 303 injuries (overall capture rate 93.8%, training 91.4%, match 97.1%). Agreement analysis showed kappa and PABAK coefficients regarded as almost perfect (> 0.81) for 8 of 9 injury variables, and substantial (ƙ 0.75) for the variable injury severity. In conclusion, the capture rate for training injuries was slightly higher with IBE recording, and inter-agreement in injury categorization was very high.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12551
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    ABSTRACT: The pelvic floor (PF) provides support to all pelvic organs, as well as appropriately closure/opening mechanism of the urethra, vagina, and anus. Therefore, it is likely that female athletes involved in high-impact and in strong-effort activities are at risk for the occurrence of urinary incontinence (UI). This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of UI and other PF dysfunctions (PFD) [anal incontinence (AI), symptoms of constipation, dyspareunia, vaginal laxity, and pelvic organ prolapse] in 67 amateur athletes (AT) compared with a group 96 of nonathletes (NAT). An ad hoc survey based on questions from reliable and valid instruments was developed to investigate the occurrence of PFD symptoms. The risk of UI was higher in AT group (odds ratio: 2.90; 95% CI: 1.50–5.61), mostly among artistic gymnastics and trampoline, followed by swimming and judo athletes. Whereas, AT group reported less straining to evacuate (OR: 0.46; 95% CI: 0.22–0.96), manual assistance to defecate (OR: 0.24; 95% CI: 0.05–1.12), and a higher stool frequency (OR: 0.29; 95% CI: 0.13–0.64) than NAT group. The occurrence of loss of gas and sexual symptoms was high for both groups when compared with literature, although with no statistical difference between them. Pelvic organ prolapse was only reported by nonathletes. Athletes are at higher risk to develop UI, loss of gas, and sexual dysfunctions, either practicing high-impact or strong-effort activities. Thus, pelvic floor must be considered as an entity and addressed as well. Also, women involved in long-term high-impact and strengthening sports should be advised of the impact of such activities on pelvic floor function and offered preventive PFD strategies as well.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12546
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated whether the "constant limb force" hypothesis can be applied to bend sprinting on an athletics track and to understand how force production influences performance on the bend compared with the straight. Force and three-dimensional video analyses were conducted on seven competitive athletes during maximal effort sprinting on the bend (radius 37.72 m) and straight. Left step mean peak vertical and resultant force decreased significantly by 0.37 body weight (BW) and 0.21 BW, respectively, on the bend compared with the straight. Right step force production was not compromised in the same way, and some athletes demonstrated substantial increases in these variables on the bend. More inward impulse during left (39.9 ± 6.5 Ns) than right foot contact (24.7 ± 5.8 Ns) resulted in 1.6° more turning during the left step on the bend. There was a 2.3% decrease in velocity from straight to bend for both steps. The constant limb force hypothesis is not entirely valid for maximal effort sprinting on the bend. Also, the force requirements of bend sprinting are considerably different to straight-line sprinting and are asymmetrical in nature. Overall, bend-specific strength and technique training may improve performance during this portion of 200- and 400-m races.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 09/2015; DOI:10.1111/sms.12559
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    ABSTRACT: A short maximal steep ramp test (SRT, 25 W/10 s) has been proposed to guide exercise interventions in type 2 diabetes, but requires validation. This study aims to (a) determine the relationship between Wmax and reached during SRT and the standard ramp test (RT); (b) obtain test-retest reliability; and (c) document electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities during SRT. Type 2 diabetes patients (35 men, 26 women) performed a cycle ergometer-based RT (women 1.2; men 1.8 W/6 s) and SRT on separate days. A random subgroup (n = 42) repeated the SRT. ECG, heart rate, and were monitored. Wmax during RT: 193 ± 63 (men) and 106 ± 33 W (women). Wmax during SRT: 193 ± 63 (men) and 188 ± 55 W (women). The relationship between RT and SRT was described by men RT (mL/min) = 152 + 7.67 × Wmax SRT1 (r: 0.859); women RT (mL/min) = 603 + 4.75 × Wmax SRT1 (r: 0.771); intraclass correlation coefficients between first (SRT1) and second SRT Wmax (SRT2) were men 0.951 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.899–0.977] and women 0.908 (95% CI 0.727–0.971). No adverse events were noted during any of the exercise tests. This validation study indicates that the SRT is a low-risk, accurate, and reliable test to estimate maximal aerobic capacity during the RT to design exercise interventions in type 2 diabetes patients.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 09/2015; 25(5). DOI:10.1111/sms.12357
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    ABSTRACT: Recent data demonstrated that individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) exhibit impaired sweating and increased rectal temperature (i.e., heat storage) during exercise compared with healthy controls. Our purpose in this study was to investigate the consequences of T1DM on post-exercise thermal homeostasis. Sixteen participants (eight controls matched with eight T1DM) performed 90 min of cycling followed by 60 min of seated recovery. Esophageal and rectal temperatures, sweating (forearm, chest, and upper back), skin blood flow [forearm and upper back, presented as cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC)], and blood pressure [mean arterial pressure (MAP)] were measured at baseline and throughout recovery. Esophageal temperature was similar during baseline and recovery between groups (P = 0.88). However, rectal temperature was elevated in our T1DM group throughout recovery (P = 0.05). Sweating and CVC were similar between groups at all sites from 10-min post-exercise until the end of recovery (P ≥ 0.16). While absolute MAP was similar between groups (P = 0.43), the overall decrease in MAP post-exercise was greater in controls from 20 min (T1DM: − 8 ± 5 vs control: − 13 ± 6 mmHg, P = 0.03) until the end of recovery. We conclude that despite increased heat storage during exercise, individuals with T1DM exhibit a suppression in heat loss similar to their healthy counterparts during recovery.
    Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 09/2015; 25(5). DOI:10.1111/sms.12344