Acta Neurologica Scandinavica Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Wiley

Journal description

The aim of Acta Neurologica Scandinavica is to publish manuscripts of a high scientific quality representing original clinical, diagnostic or experimental work in neurology and neurosurgery. The scope is to act as an international forum for the dissemination of information advancing the science or practice of these disciplines. Papers in English will be welcomed, especially those which bring new knowledge and observations from the application of therapies or techniques in the combating of a broad spectrum of neurological disease and neurodegenerative disorders. Relevant articles on the basic neurosciences will be published where they extend present understanding of such disorders.

Current impact factor: 2.44

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.437
2012 Impact Factor 2.474
2011 Impact Factor 2.469
2010 Impact Factor 2.153
2009 Impact Factor 2.324
2008 Impact Factor 2.317
2007 Impact Factor 2.099
2006 Impact Factor 1.833
2005 Impact Factor 1.982
2004 Impact Factor 1.712
2003 Impact Factor 1.226
2002 Impact Factor 1.358
2001 Impact Factor 1.064
2000 Impact Factor 1.304
1999 Impact Factor 1.325
1998 Impact Factor 1.108
1997 Impact Factor 0.902
1996 Impact Factor 1.068
1995 Impact Factor 1.142
1994 Impact Factor 1.133
1993 Impact Factor 0.977
1992 Impact Factor 1.122

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.33
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.56
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.67
Website Acta Neurologica Scandinavica website
Other titles Acta neurologica Scandinavica (Online), Acta neurologica Scandinavica
ISSN 1600-0404
OCLC 46680937
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • On a non-profit server
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:1-3. DOI:10.1111/ane.12423
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    ABSTRACT: In the present review, we discuss observational and experimental data suggesting a protective effect from sun exposure and/or vitamin D in multiple sclerosis (MS). These data include geographic variations in MS occurrence, temporal trends, genetics, biobank, and questionnaire data. We look more closely at the differentiation between general effects from UV exposure, and those of vitamin D per se, including plausible mechanisms of action. Finally, primary prevention is touched upon, and we suggest actions to be taken while awaiting the results from ongoing randomized controlled trials with vitamin D in MS. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:56-61. DOI:10.1111/ane.12432
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    ABSTRACT: Pathogenic mechanisms underlying multiple sclerosis development have yet to be clearly identified, but considerable evidence indicates that autoimmunity plays an important role in the etiology of the disease. It is generally accepted that autoimmune diseases like MS arise from complex interactions between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. Although environmental factors unequivocally influencing MS development have yet to be established, accumulating evidence singles out several candidates, including sunlight-UV exposure or vitamin D deficiency, viral infections, hygiene, and cigarette smoking. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with different autoimmune diseases. Several investigations indicate 125 (OH)2 vitamin D plays a critical role in shaping T-cell response and inducing T cells with immunosuppressive properties. Likewise, helminth infections represent another potential environmental factor exerting immunomodulatory properties. Both epidemiological and experimental data provide evidence to support autoimmune down-regulation secondary to parasite infections in patients with MS, through regulatory T- and B-cell action, with effects extending beyond simple response to an infectious agent. Finally, different epidemiological studies have demonstrated that Epstein-Barr virus infection confers added risk of developing MS. Proposed mechanisms responsible for this association include activation and expansion of self-reactive T and B cells, lower threshold for self-tolerance breakdown, and enhanced autoreactive B-cell survival, all to be discussed in this review. Understanding environmental factors influencing propensity to MS will lead to new and more effective approaches to prevent and treat the disease. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:46-55. DOI:10.1111/ane.12431
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    ABSTRACT: The uneven geographical distribution of multiple sclerosis (MS) and the differences in disease severity observed between different ethnic groups indicate a complex interplay between genetic and environmental risk factors involved in the disease pathogenesis. Changes in MS risk after migration suggest influence of environmental factors on disease susceptibility. Whether the risk of MS is affected by socio-economic status (SES) is still controversial. In the present review, the combined knowledge from studies of migration and SES in MS is discussed. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:37-41. DOI:10.1111/ane.12429
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    ABSTRACT: Similarly to many other autoimmune diseases, multiple sclerosis (MS) is more common among women than men, and its incidence among women is rising. There are also qualitative differences in the disease course between men and women, with male patients experiencing increased disease progression, brain atrophy, and cognitive impairment. During pregnancy, women with MS typically have a greatly reduced relapse rate, whereas very soon after the delivery, the disease activity returns, often even at a higher level than seen in the prepregnancy year. The reasons for the increased postpartum activity are not entirely clear, but factors such as the abrupt decrease in estrogen levels immediately after the delivery and the loss of the immunosuppressive state of pregnancy are likely of importance. There is compelling evidence that estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone control MS pathology by influencing immune responses and by contributing to repair mechanisms in the nervous system. Hormones may thus offer important insights into MS disease prevention and treatment. In this review, the possible reasons for the sex bias in autoimmune diseases will be discussed. The pregnancy-related alterations in MS, including the effect of pregnancy on disease activity, long-term disability accumulation, and prevalence will be reviewed, as well as the hormonal and immunological mechanisms potentially underlying these changes. Finally, the present thinking on the effect of hormones on the changing incidence of MS will be elucidated. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:62-70. DOI:10.1111/ane.12433
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    ABSTRACT: This symposium started with an overview of recent incidence and prevalence data from the Scandinavian national registers and continued with a critical analysis of several alleged risk factors for MS. These risk factors are constantly changing and therefore might explain current incidence changes. In addition, they may be the subject of preventive measures. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:71-75. DOI:10.1111/ane.12434
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    ABSTRACT: In several international studies, an increasing women-to-men (w/m) ratio in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been reported. Such sex ratios have been analysed by year of onset or by year of birth. In a Swedish study, data from the Swedish MS register (SMSreg) were used to analyse the w/m ratio in Sweden. The sex ratio was analysed both by year of birth (8834 patients) and by year of onset (9098 patients). No increased w/m ratio was seen in this study. The age-specific sex ratio did not demonstrate any significant changes. However, a new investigation of the sex ratio in Sweden, based on data from all available data sources (19,510 patients), showed a significantly increased w/m ratio of MS in Sweden from 1.70 to 2.67. Environmental factors such as cigarette smoking, hormonal factors and nutrition are of interest in this context, but the cause of the increasing w/m ratio in MS is yet not possible to explain. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:42-45. DOI:10.1111/ane.12430
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of multiple sclerosis is increasing in Danish women. Their risk of developing multiple sclerosis has more than doubled in 25 years while it has remained virtually unchanged for men. The explanation for these epidemiological changes should be sought in the environment as they are too rapid to be explained by gene alterations. We investigated the effect of numerous biological social physical and chemical environmental exposures in different periods of life. These data were available from population-based registries and were used in a case-control approach. This study database included all multiple sclerosis cases (n = 1403) from the Danish MS Registry with clinical onset between 2000 and 2004 as well as 35,045 controls drawn by random from the Danish Civil Registration System and matched by sex year of birth and residential municipality at the reference year. Having newborn children reduced the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) in women but not in men. Childbirths reduced the risk of MS by about 46% during the following 5 years. Even pregnancies terminated early had a protective effect on the risk of developing MS suggesting a temporary immunosuppression during pregnancy. Our data on social behaviour regarding educational level income and relationship stability did not indicate reverse causality. A greater likelihood to be exposed to common infections did not show any effect on the risk of MS neither in puberty nor in adulthood. Socio-economic status and lifestyle expressed in educational level and sanitary conditions in youth were not associated with the risk of MS. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 07/2015; 132 Suppl S199:20-23. DOI:10.1111/ane.12426
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    ABSTRACT: There are no data regarding the relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection (Hp-I) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the association between active Hp-I, confirmed by histology, and CIS and to evaluate the impact of Hp eradication on the CIS clinical course. We conducted a study on 48 patients with CIS and 20 matched controls. At baseline, apart from histology, serum anti-Hp-specific IgG titer, inflammatory mediators, and HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-DR genetic polymorphisms were estimated. Hp-positive patients received standard triple eradication regimen, and all patients were followed up for 2 years. The prevalence of Hp-I was significantly higher in patients with CIS (43/48, 89.6%) than in control (10/20, 50%) (P < 0.001, OR: 8.6, 95% CI: 2.4-30.8). When compared with controls, patients with CIS also showed significantly higher serum anti-Hp IgG titer and HLA-A26, HLA-A30, and HLA-B57 frequencies. Hp-positive patients also showed higher serum concentrations of inflammatory cytokines and homocysteine. At 2-year clinical endpoint, in the subgroup of CIS patients with successful Hp eradication, the number of patients who presented with a second episode was significantly lower accompanied by significant improvement in mean Expanded Disability Status Scale score. Hp-I seems more frequent in a Greek CIS cohort and its eradication might delay CIS progression, suggesting a possible link between Hp-I and CIS. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12453
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    ABSTRACT: There are no previous studies undertaken about primary focal dystonia in the Faroe Islands. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of these diseases in the Faroese population. Patients were ascertained and registered prospectively from January 1, 1994, through 2013 when they were examined at the Neurological Clinic of the Faroese National Hospital or at a private neurological practice, which together constitutes all the available neurological services in the Faroe Islands. On January 1, 2014, there were 29 individuals within the entire Faroese population of 48,100 with primary focal dystonia: 23 with torticollis, four with writer's cramp, one with oromandibular dystonia, and one with laryngeal dystonia; no one had blepharospasm. The prevalence of primary focal dystonia was 602 per million (395-873) (95% confidence limit). The most common subtype was cervical dystonia with a prevalence of 478 (332-728) per million. The study yielded that (i) the prevalence of primary focal dystonia of 602 (395-873) per million is far higher in the Faroe Islands than that revealed in most other regions studied and (ii) the prevalence of the cervical dystonia subtype is far more common than elsewhere with the highest prevalence of 478 (332-728), which is higher than described in any previously published survey. As the study is serviced-based, the result may underestimate actual occurrence; thus, prevalence rates may be even higher. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12438
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    ABSTRACT: Following oxaliplatin treatment, acute neurotoxicity symptoms are suggested to be correlated with both the development and degree of chronic neuropathy. The aim of this clinical commentary was to examine different methods to assess acute cold allodynia and dysesthesia in patients treated with adjuvant oxaliplatin. Nine patients over the age of 18 years scheduled for standard adjuvant treatment with capecitabine and oxaliplatin were included. Patients were asked to come for two visits: a baseline visit before and a follow-up visit within 5 days after treatment. Patients were examined with questionnaires, thermal tests, and the thermal grill. All patients reported neurotoxicity, and they all had abnormal cold sensitivity. The only significant changes observed were increased ratings of pain, unpleasantness, and pricking sensations to holding a ~8°C metal cylinder for 10 s and an increased intensity of unpleasantness and pricking sensation to the 20-s contact with the 10°C plates of the thermal grill on the palmar hand. he results showed that the palm of the hand is the most sensitive part of the body when detecting oxaliplatin-induced cold allodynia, and the use of a cold metal cylinder seems as a promising sensitive method. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12443
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    ABSTRACT: Considerable evidence suggests that periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) are associated with cardiovascular risk and poor stroke outcome. However, the pathogenesis for this association in stroke patients remains largely unknown. This cross-sectional study enrolled 112 consecutive patients who were admitted to rehabilitation ward due to ischemic stroke. Polysomnography and laboratory tests for oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers including C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and urinary 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine were conducted. Patients were stratified into three categories according to their PLMS index. Patients in the PLMS index ≥15 group were significantly older (P = 0.011), presented a significantly higher National Institute of Health Stroke Scale at stroke onset (P = 0.032), and lower Barthel index (P = 0.035) than patients in the PLMS index <5 group. The level of TAC differed significantly (P = 0.018) among the three groups. Multivariate linear regression analyses show that the PLMS index was negatively and independently correlated with TAC (P = 0.024) in women. Besides, multivariate logistic regression analyses also reveal that patients with a PLMS index ≥15 compared with the referent PLMS index <5 had a 7.58-fold increased relative hazard for stroke recurrence (odds ratio 7.58, [1.31-43.88], P = 0.024). This study suggests that PLMS was independently associated with decreased antioxidant capacity in women with ischemic stroke. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12449
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    ABSTRACT: Benign multiple sclerosis (BMS) definitions rely on physical disability level but do not account sufficiently for cognitive impairment which, however, is not rare. To study the evolution of physical disability and cognitive performance of a group of patients with BMS followed at an University Hospital Multiple Sclerosis Center. A consecutive sample of 24 BMS cases (diagnosis according to 2005 McDonald's criteria, relapsing-remitting course, disease duration ≥10 years, and expanded disability status scale [EDSS] score ≤2.0) and 13 sex- and age-matched non-BMS patients differing from BMS cases for having EDSS score 2.5-5.5 were included. Main outcome measures were as follows: (i) baseline and 5-year follow-up cognitive impairment defined as failure of at least two tests of the administered neuropsychological battery; (ii) EDSS score worsening defined as confirmed increase ≥1 point (or 0.5 point if baseline EDSS score = 5.5). At inclusion, BMS subjects were 41 ± 8 years old and had median EDSS score 1.5 (range 0-2), while non-BMS patients were 46 ± 8 years old and had median EDSS score 3.0 (2.5-5.5). At baseline 16% of patients in both groups were cognitively impaired. After 5 years, EDSS score worsened in 8% of BMS and 46% of non-BMS patients (P = 0.008), while the proportion of cognitively impaired subjects increased to 25% in both groups. Patients with BMS had better physical disability outcome at 5 years compared to non-BMS cases. However, cognitive impairment frequency and decline over time appeared similar. Neuropsychological assessment is essential in patients with BMS given the distinct pathways followed by disease progression in cognitive and physical domains. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 05/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12442
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    ABSTRACT: Insomnia and restless legs syndrome (RLS) are defined by self-reported symptoms, and polysomnography (PSG) is not routinely indicated. Occult obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), common even in asymptomatic adults, may complicate management of patients presenting with insomnia or restless legs. To this end, we investigated objective sleep apnea metrics in a large retrospective cohort according to self-reported symptom profiles. We compared sleep apnea findings in patients referred to our center according to self-reported symptoms associated with insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless legs. The cohort included over 1900 adults who underwent diagnostic (n = 1418) or split-night (n = 504) PSGs and completed a symptom and medical history questionnaire. More than 30% of patients who did not endorse any OSA symptoms, but did endorse insomnia or restless legs symptoms, were found to have OSA based on apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >5 during overnight laboratory testing. Regression models of the full cohort showed that the risk of OSA was related, as expected, to older age, male sex, elevated body mass index, and presence of OSA symptoms. The presence of insomnia symptoms did not alter the risk of OSA. The presence of restless legs symptoms showed a small odds ratio for lowered OSA risk. Objective evidence of OSA occurs similarly in those with insomnia or restless legs symptoms, even among those without self-reported OSA symptoms. Providers should be aware of the potential for occult OSA in populations with insomnia and restless legs, which may complicate their management in addition to presenting an independent medical risk itself. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 05/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12439
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    ABSTRACT: Several models have been developed to predict mortality in ischaemic stroke. We aimed to evaluate systematically the performance of published stroke prognostic scores. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE in February 2014 for prognostic models (published between 2003 and 2014) used in predicting early mortality (<6 months) after ischaemic stroke. We evaluated discriminant ability of the tools through meta-analysis of the area under the curve receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) or c-statistic. We evaluated the following components of study validity: collection of prognostic variables, neuroimaging, treatment pathways and missing data. We identified 18 articles (involving 163 240 patients) reporting on the performance of prognostic models for mortality in ischaemic stroke, with 15 articles providing AUC for meta-analysis. Most studies were either retrospective, or post hoc analyses of prospectively collected data; all but three reported validation data. The iSCORE had the largest number of validation cohorts (five) within our systematic review and showed good performance in four different countries, pooled AUC 0.84 (95% CI 0.82-0.87). We identified other potentially useful prognostic tools that have yet to be as extensively validated as iSCORE - these include SOAR (2 studies, pooled AUC 0.79, 95% CI 0.78-0.80), GWTG (2 studies, pooled AUC 0.72, 95% CI 0.72-0.72) and PLAN (1 study, pooled AUC 0.85, 95% CI 0.84-0.87). Our meta-analysis has identified and summarized the performance of several prognostic scores with modest to good predictive accuracy for early mortality in ischaemic stroke, with the iSCORE having the broadest evidence base. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 05/2015; DOI:10.1111/ane.12421